Attero Power(ed) to (by) Gas The Waste to Power to Gas W2P2G project. Marco Kwak Project & Business Development

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1 Attero Power(ed) to (by) Gas The Waste to Power to Gas W2P2G project Marco Kwak Project & Business Development

2 (Northen part of) the Netherlands: Lead by using Waste to Power-to-Gas concept W2P2G 2

3 W2P2G project partners 3

4 Signing of the Letter of Intent

5 Challenges for the Netherlands The Netherlands are facing major challenges in the field of sustainable energy and fuel supply; CO2 reduction of 22% in the mobility up to 2030 (base year 2010) & 90% oa 2050 Increasing the production of renewable energy in the sector from 8% to 14% by 2020 Future storage of renewable energy needed (net balancing)? Compliance with limit values for NOx and particulate matter Green gas availability (feedstock) (Waste to) Power-to-Gas important in finding solutions to these challenges 5

6 Core business Attero power generation bioconversion fermentation separation 2 waste to power plants 6 plants 7 plants 13 stortplaatsen 3 plants 1 planned Attero processes 3.3 million tons of waste annually (30% market share) Groningen Composting and digestion Groningen Incineration and separation Wilp Wijster Wilp Wijster Wilp Wijster Landfilling 6 Moerdijk Moerdijk Deurne Tilburg Venlo Maastricht Zevenbergen Bergen op Zoom Uden Tilburg Weert Schinnen Lochem Haps Nuenen Tegelen Montfort Landgraaf

7 Output is biogas / sustainable gas / power million m3 Green Gas (and growing) biogas biogas biogas biogas comfort mobility heat LBG for trucks comfort GasHub mobility Internal sources 7

8 Why? W2P2G Green Gas demand will rise Independency Biodegredable feedstock is limited Biodegredable feedstock will be upgraded (BBE pyramide) Infrastructure Clean mobility is a MUST!! 8

9 green gas W2P2G waste = source of biogas & gas power production power use losses natural gas grid losses grid losses Fossil resource extraction treatment at source delivery transport production distribution usage work renewable resource energy Traditional energy municipal waste sorting Attero incinerate CO2 Organic waste digestion cleaning upgrading 9

10 green gas W2P2G waste = source of and E-Gas gas power production power use losses natural gas grid losses grid losses Fossil resource extraction treatment at source delivery transport production distribution usage work renewable resource energy Traditional energy municipal waste sorting Attero incinerate CO2 Organic waste digestion cleaning upgrading 10

11 green gas methane W2P2G waste = source of and E-Gas natural gas grid grid Attero power-to-green-gas plant sorting water oxygen municipal waste incinerate CO2 hydrogen methanation electrolyses cleaning Organic waste digestion upgrading CO2 water Heat ETP 11

12 Power-to-gas well-to-wheel efficiëntie in transport momenteel 49%. Technologie ontwikkeling kan dit laten stijgen tot 51-56% in Wijster. Post-2020 wordt met efficiëntere electrolyser technology 68% verwacht en wanneer waterstof wordt ingevoed een WTW efficiëntie van 75% [op basis Fraunhofer, 2009, 2014; NREL, 2014; EnerginetDK, 2012; DOE US, 2012; JRC, 2014]. Bron: Bureau Duinn Well-to-tank energy efficiency η; totaal energie0efficientie voor de pathways Hydrogen from wind, SOEC electrolyser, injection into the grid 75% Hydrogen from wind, SOEC electrolyser, compression, trucking 68% BioSNG from wind, SOEC and methanation 68% BioSNG from wind, electrolyser and methanation projected for % WIJSTER excl. heat BioSNG from wind, best electrolyser available technology and methanation 51% Current BioSNG from wind, existing P2G 49% Gasoline 85% Diesel EN590 83% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90%100% 12 Source: Fraunhoer, 2009, 204; LBST, 2014; NREL, 2009, 2014; EnerginetDK, 2012; JRC, 2014; Concawe, 2014; DOE US, 2012; Duinn, Note: efficiency means the ratio of output of performance, service, goods or energy, to input of energy [2012/27/EU] 12

13 The well-to-wheel W2P2G CO 2 emission The well-to-wheel CO2 emission W2P2G only 6 13 gram CO2eq per km. Bio SNG -- CO2- capture in het well-to-tank pathway, almost abolishes vehicle emission. [op basis Fraunhofer, 2009, 2014; Concawe, 2914; NREL, 2014; EnerginetDK, 2012; DOE US, 2012; JRC, 2014]. Bron: Bureau Duinn Well-to-tank greenhouse gas emissions CO2 eq / km Tank-to-wheel greenhouse gas emissions CO2 eq / km Well-to-wheel greenhouse gas emissions CO2 eq / km 8 Electric Hydrogen from wind, SOEC electrolyser, injection into the grid 0 Hydrogen from wind, SOEC electrolyser, injection into the grid 8 11 Electric Hydrogen from wind, SOEC electrolyser, compression, trucking 0 Hydrogen from wind, SOEC electrolyser, compression, trucking Otto ICE BioSNG from wind, SOEC and methanation 116 BioSNG from wind, SOEC and methanation Otto ICE BioSNG from wind, electrolyser and methanation projected for BioSNG from wind, electrolyser and methanation projected for Otto ICE BioSNG from wind, best electrolyser available technology and methanation 116 BioSNG from wind, best electrolyser available technology and methanation Otto ICE BioSNG from wind, existing P2G 116 BioSNG from wind, existing P2G 7 29 Otto ICE Gasoline 154 Gasoline Diesel ICE Diesel EN Diesel EN Source: Fraunhofer, 2009, 204; LBST, 2014; NREL, 2009, 2014; EnerginetDK, 2012; JRC, 2012; Concawe, 2014; DOE US, 20 1; Duinn, Source: Source: TNO, CE Delft, ECN, 2014; analysei Duinn, 2014 Note: Water vapour (H2O), carbon dioxide (CO2), nitrous oxide (N2O), methane (CH4) and ozone (O3) are the primary greenhouse gases in the Earth s atmosphere [IPCC 2013] Source: analysis Duinn Note : well-to-tank means an accounting of energy consumption and GHG emissions over an entire fuel pathway, from primary resource to delivery of the fuel to the vehicle [GM 2002]

14 What is fair + maximum environmental benefit? Fuel: Tax addition: 0-7 % Promoted by government Fuel: green gas Tax addition: 20%?? Not promoted by government 14

15 The -- ion s needed for our W2P2G project Legislation Energy laws Users / demand Capex grants upgrading Energy taxes Mobility triggers Green fuels Opex grants CO 2 effects Green fuels 15

16 Questions? 16

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