What makes clean vehicles interesting ten years of experience in promoting clean vehicles

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1 What makes clean vehicles interesting ten years of experience in promoting clean vehicles Fredrik Högberg Project manager, Clean Vehicles in Götebg, City of Götebg

2 Clean Vehicles Campaign Started Environmental Demands on Construction Machinery Environmental Demands Buses Environmental Zone f Heavy Duty Vehicles Starting market A few clean vehicle models were introduced A few filling stations were established No market activities among car dealers Low awareness among car buyers

3 Five partners in the project Energy, Vehicles, Recycling, Environment and Transpt Steering committee (4 times/year) - Strategy Wking group (8 times/year) - Operational Project leader Gatubolaget Gatubolaget Fleet Fleet services services Götebg Götebg Energi Energi Energy Energy Traffic Traffic & & Public Public Transpt Transpt Authity Authity Renova Renova Recycling Recycling Miljöförvaltning Miljöförvaltning Environment Environment

4 Definition of 1998 Clean vehicle is a light passenger car with: Alternative Fuels (methane, ethanol, biodiesel/rapeseed oil.) Electric Mot Hybrid Technology Definition of Light Passenger Cars Alternative Fuels (minimum 50% with the alternative) Electric Mot Hybrid Technology Petrol cars max. 90 g CO2/km (=3,8 litres/100 km) Diesel cars max. 90 g CO2/km (=3,4 litres/100 km) - All diesel cars should meet the Euro IV-level Definition - Light Passenger Cars, Light Duty Vehicles (2002) Alternative Fuels except LPG (pass. car max. 190g fossil CO2/km with alternative fuel) Electricity / Fuel Cell Technology Hybrid Technology (min. 25% of energy from electric engine. Pass. car max. 190g fossil CO2/km ) Diesel cars max. 90 g CO2/km (~3,4 litres/100 km) Petrol cars max. 120 g CO2/km (~5,0 litres/100 km) All vehicles shall meet Euro IV-level

5 Current Clean vehicle definition Clean vehicle definition, revised 2007 Alternative fuels, except LPG (max. 190g fossil CO2/km with alt. fuel) Electric mot/ Fuel cell (Max. 37 kwh/100 km) HEV (Max. 120g fossil CO2/km ) Diesel max. 120 g CO2/km (~4,5 litre/100 km) env.classification particulate filter Petrol max. 120 g CO2/km (~5,0 litre/100 km) All vehicles must make Euro IV-level From clean vehicles are not allowed to use studded tires

6 Aim Increase the use of Clean Vehicles in Götebg Target to % clean vehicles in the City of Götebg s fleet (85% today) 5% clean vehicles of all new cars sold in Götebg (35% today i.e the target is reached) Self-running market (Target reached)

7 Bi-fuel (CNG natural gas/biogas + petrol) FlexiFuel (ethanol E85 + petrol) HEV Hybrid electric vehicles Low consumers

8 What do we use the definition f Policy f Vehicle Procurements Local Parking Benefits Communication with Companies and the Public Local Taxi Bays

9 2008 Clean vehicles Heavy CNG EV:s HEV:s CNG cars Low consumers E85 Total E85 Low consumers CNG cars HEV:s EV:s Heavy CNG

10 National level No national definition today The taxable benefit values are lower f clean vehicles: methane-, ethanol-, electricity-, hybrid cars Local definitions Stockholm, Malmö, Östersund - Same as Götebg Some cities with local biogas production - Biogas cars

11 Results Knowledge and interest 85 % of City of Gotebg's fleet (1748 vehicles) Me clean vehicles on the streets in Götebg ( vehicles) Me alternative fuel stations in Götebg (+50) Me clean vehicle models on the Swedish market (~300)

12 Götebg, Stockholm & Malmö runs this website together The mission of the site is to present facts about vehicles, fuels and rules in an impartial manner. Making it easier f the buyer to decide on buying a clean vehicle!

13 Number of clean Vehicles in the municipality of Götebg Share 2009: 85% Share 2008: 81% Share 2007: 73%

14 Type of clean vehicle 13% 1% Trend now: 14% CNG HEV -Fewer CNG - Me Low consumers 6% 66% Ethanol E85 Low consumers EV

15 Greenhouse gas emissions from Municipality s fleet, ton CO2 equivalents per year 4500 Decrease of emissions due to clean vehicles (approx.) 1100 Reduction greenhouse gas 25%

16 Some conclusions 5-10 years was enough to educate this local market Dealers me imptant than first thought National incentives and taxes most imptant Easier to subsidise than tax-regulate, but how wise?

17

18 Clean Vehicles in Götebg Environmental Zone f Heavy Duty Vehicles Since 1996, expanded km2 Diesel Engine, > 3,5 metric ton Not older then 8 years Exemptions f Clean Vehicles & vehicles equipped with approved after treatment device

19 percent Within the enviromental zone % authized vehicles Measures from 5 spots Only heavy trucks No feign registered vehicles Average value 96,7 % År 2002 År 2003 År 2004 År 2005 År 2006 År 2007 År 2008 År 2009 year

20 Percent Outside the environmental zone % authized vehicles 74 År 2003 År 2004 År 2005 År 2006 År 2007 År 2008 År 2009 Year Measures from 5 spots Only heavy trucks No feign registered vehicles Average value is 88,3 %

21 Reduction of emissions 3,6 % reduction of Carbon monoxide (CO) 6,1 % reduction of Hydrocarbons (HC) 7,8 % reduction of Nitrous oxide (NOx) 33,2 % reduction of Particle (PM)

22 Further wk A revised national definition Compliance with EU? Lobbying towards reducing taxes on renewable fuels Logistic cooperation Incentives f heavy vehicles: Locally & nationally. Telematics EV PHEV

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