The success of biomethane in Sweden

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1 The success of biomethane in Sweden Sustainable Transport - for better air quality and reduced greenhouse gases London, 21 May 2007 Project manager Biogas Väst Bernt Svensén Business Region Göteborg

2 The presentation includes The renewable fuel situation in Sweden Biogas Väst project Biogas facts Future plans and new techniques International perspectives

3 Alternative fuels in Sweden Sales 2006 RME low-blended 234 GWh Ethanol cars buses 430 GWh Methane gas cars buses 460 GWh Ethanol low-blended 1465 GWh

4 Biomethane as vehicle fuel in Sweden 2006 ~ gas-powered vehicles ~ 100 fuelling stations for CBG/CNG Biomethane & natural gas replace 50 mill. litres petrol/diesel

5 Market development in Sweden Vehicle Fuelling stations Vehicles Fueling stations The numbers of vehicles follow the extension of fuelling stations Ld-vehicle increased 50 % in 2006 Biomethane sales increased 48 % in 2006

6 Driving forces market development for biogas and vehicle sales No taxes on biogas and lower taxes on CNG Increased prices for petrol and diesel State subsidies for vehicles, fuelling stations and production plants Reduced tax with 40 % for company cars*, free street parking in several cities Governmental organisations- 75 % clean vehicles, municipalities change policies for fleets* *clean vehicles

7 The Biogas Väst co-operation project in Westsweden Market development Production Distribution Vehicles Purpose: To develop a new industry

8 Participants in Biogas Väst Companies Municipalities Organisations Authorities Support by: EU-project Swedish EPA

9 Vision for Biogas Väst 2020 Biomethane can replace 20 % of fossil fuel in transport sector Target fuelling stations gas-powered vehicles Biogas & CNG replace 33 m. litres petrol/diesel

10 Karlstad West Sweden 1,7 m inhab Existing 30 public stations 4 bus stations 2008/09 22 public stations Mariestad Lidköping Skövde Skara Vara Falköping 160 miles 7000 cars 130 buses 90 hd trucks Göteborg Jönköping 130 miles

11 Biogas plants in West Sweden Åmål Grums Sunne Karlstad Kristinehamn Karlskoga Örebro Existing biogas plants Tanum Mellerud Mariestad Motala Under construction Planned biogasplants Uddevalla Stenungsund Vänersborg Lidköping Trollhättan Lilla Edet Vara Bohus Skara Falköping Skövde Mjölby Kungälv Göteborg Lerum Partille Alingsås Borås Ulricehamn Huskvarna Mölndal Mölnlycke Jönköping Kungsbacka Kinna/Skene Gnosjö Nässjö Gislaved Varberg Värnamo Falkenberg

12 Biogas Facts Two production processes for biomethane Digestion Feedstock: Sludge, household & ind. waste, agriculture waste and energy crops Thermal gasification Feedstock: Wood from forest or agriculture No other fuel has this wide range of biomass feedstock

13 Biomethane The green gas principle Households Industry Natural gas Vehicles Biomethane (renewable) and natural gas (fossil) = methane Biomethane is injected into the natural gas grid The customer can fuel biomethane at the fuelling stations Similar to Green Electricity principle

14 How many miles can a car be driven on one hectare biomass? * Source: Lund University

15 Green house gas emissions GHG emissions per kwh on the shaft 1,40E ,20E+03 1,00E+03 8,00E+02 6,00E+02 4,00E+02 2,00E+02 0,00E CO2 equivalents Hydrogen, Electrolysis EU mix CNG, remote Diesel, natural gas Diesel, crude oil DME, natural gas Hydrogen, natural gas Ethanol, wheat RME Methanol, wood Ethanol, enzym wood Diesel, wood Hydrogen, Electrolysis wind DME, wood DME, wood via black liquor Biogas, sewage Source: Volvo Bus

16 Environmental and health impact PM & Nox G9-gasengine Volvo Bus Source: Volvo Bus

17 Future plans and new techniques Gasification of biomass Liquified biomethane Dual fuel techniques for diesel engines

18 Project GoBiGas Göteborg Energi AB 2012 Gasification plant for biomethane Biomass - wood Commercial scale 100 MW 0,8 TWh biomethane

19 Gasification System efficiency comparison Ethanol 70 % biomethane 20 % district heating 10 % energy losses 21 % ethanol 16 % electricity 35 % district heating 28 % energy losses Source: Göteborg Energi Source : BAFF

20 Liquified biomethane Cryogenic technology used for upgrading and purification of biogas Two products, liquified biomethane and liquified CO2 Dual-fuel technique for diesel engines Diesel engine fuelled with % methane and % diesel Same fuel efficiency as diesel vehicles

21 6.4 million NGVs wordwide Russia: 60,000 Canada: 20,500 USA: 146,900 Mexico: 3,000 Trinidad: 4,000 Ukraine: 100,000 Other Europe: 122,900 Armenia: 47,700 Japan: 30,500 Italy: 412,600 Iran: 229,600 China: 127,100 Korea: 12,100 Pakistan: 1,250,000 Egypt: 69,400 Bangladesh: 80,000 India: 334,800 Thailand: 28,300 Venezuela: 44,100 Colombia: 138,000 Malaysia: 25,000 Indonesia: 1,000 Bolivia: 61,600 Brazil: 1,325,800 Peru: 5,500 Australia: 2,500 Argentina: 1,650,000 Source: The GVR, Mar 2007 adjusted Chile: 8, ,000 buses, 113,000 trucks, and 6,200,000 cars now running on natural gas or biomethane New Zealand: 300

22 Biomethane could by 2030 replace % of fossil fuels used for road transports in Europe km natural gas grid in 32 countries Biomethane is distributed via the natural gas grid A wide range of biomass feedstock CNG vehicles already in traffic 2000 existing fueling stations for CNG and CBG

23 Biomethane is a fuel for the future! Biogas Väst Thanks for your attention! Biogas Väst Bernt Svensén tel:

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