Where does the wine sector sit in terms of Australian climate policy and the global carbon market

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1 Where does the wine sector sit in terms of Australian climate policy and the global carbon market The Carbon Farming Initiative and Emission Reduction Fund Geoff Cowey The_AWRI The_AWRI

2 International perspective Kyoto Protocol

3 - 39 National + 23 sub-national jurisdictions have introduced cap & trade and/or carbon taxes - Cover 25% of global emissions, carbon markets valued at US$30 billion - US & China cover >30% of global emissions Source: World Bank 2014 Global Carbon Markets & Australia

4 What is the CFI? Emission Sources Stationary energy, industrial processes, fugitive coal & new landfill. 65% of National Emissions Land-use & agriculture. 23% of National Emissions Policy to Cut Emissions Carbon Pricing Mechanism ~350 liable entities (180 companies) Carbon Farming Initiative CLIMATE COMMISSION CLEAN ENERGY FINANCE CORPORATION CLIMATE CHANGE AUTHORITY CLEAN ENERGY REGULATOR 5% emissions reduction below 2000 levels by 2020

5 Direct Action and ERF Repeal of Carbon Tax on 17 July 2014 Emission Sources Stationary energy, industrial processes, fugitive coal & new landfill. 65% of National Emissions No carbon tax X Policy to Cut Emissions Emission Reduction Fund $2.55 billion 2014/ /18 Reverse auction ~421MtCO 2 e by 2020 Land-use & agriculture. 23% of National Emissions Economy-wide emission reduction projects CLIMATE COUNCIL CLEAN ENERGY FINANCE CORPORATION CLIMATE CHANGE AUTHORITY CLEAN ENERGY REGULATOR Green Army 5% emissions reduction below 2000 levels by 2020

6 ERF & Amendments Emission Sources Stationary energy, industrial processes, fugitive coal & new landfill. 65% of National Emissions Land-use & agriculture. 23% of National Emissions No carbon tax X Policy to Cut Emissions Emission Reduction Fund $2.55 billion 2014/ /18 Reverse auction ~421MtCO 2 e by 2020 Economy-wide emission reduction projects CLIMATE COUNCIL CLEAN ENERGY FINANCE CORPORATION CLIMATE CHANGE AUTHORITY CLEAN ENERGY REGULATOR Green Army ACCC POWER PRICE REGULATION EMISSION TRADING SCHEME

7 ERF, other amendments SAFEGUARD MECHANISM CFI Amendments Bill 30 October approved in senate vote Emission Sources Stationary energy, industrial processes, fugitive coal & new landfill. 65% of National Emissions No carbon tax X Policy to Cut Emissions Emission Reduction Fund $2.55 billion 2014/ /18 Reverse auction ~421MtCO 2 e by 2020 Land-use & agriculture. 23% of National Emissions Economy-wide emission reduction projects CLIMATE COUNCIL CLEAN ENERGY CLEAN ENERGY FINANCE FINANCE CORPORATION CORPORATION (revise 20% target) CLIMATE CHANGE AUTHORITY CLEAN ENERGY REGULATOR Green Army ACCC POWER PRICE REGULATION EMISSION TRADING SCHEME

8 What s happening now? Timeline of government decisions and actions 25 June 2014 CFI amendment bill passed 17 July 2014 Repeal of the carbon tax 30 October 2014 CFI Bill passed in senate 24 November 2014 CFI Bill passed House of Representatives Now Discussion on renewable energy target 9 January 2015 New methodologies developed for review March 2015 July 2015 First auction expected Safeguard mechanisms start

9 What are emission reduction projects? Financial government incentives to develop projects that will reduce GHG emissions or bind GHG in landscape CFI allowed only Land Use/Agriculture to participate Reduced emissions from your crop Sequestration/binding carbon/ghg in your farm carbon dioxide nitrous oxide methane tree plantings soil carbon

10 What are emission reduction projects? ERF expands projects to include the rest of the economy including the energy, industrial and transport sector emissions capture cleaning up power stations transport sector energy efficiency waste coal mine gas

11 How does the scheme work? Crediting of emissions reductions across the economy with carbon credits called Australian carbon credit units (ACCUs) 1 ACCU = 1 tco 2 equivalents reduced/ sequestered The governments Clean Energy Regulator will run reverse auctions ( or tender submissions) to purchase these ACCUs or the emissions reductions

12 What is the price on carbon? CFI has $2.55 billion allocated to reduce emissions~421mtco 2 e $2,550,000,000 = $5.9/tCO 2 abated 421,000,000 t CO 2 However the price on ACCUs will be determined at first auction

13 Opportunities in grape & wine emission mitigation carbon sequestration

14 Australia s carbon footprint by sector Australia's net greenhouse gas emissions by sector Agriculture sector CO2-e emissions Industrial processes 5% Waste 2% Manure management 4% Other 1% Forestry 6% Savanna burning 13% Agriculture 15% Agricultural soils 18% Energy 72% Nitrogen synthetic/organic fertilizers N-fixing cover crops Leaching/run-off Enteric fermentation 64% National Inventory Report 2012 Volume 1. The Australian Government Submission to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Australian National Greenhouse Accounts, April 2014

15 Grape and wine footprint (WFA 2013) Vineyard Petrol 3% Winery Fuel 9% Refrigeration HFC 1% Purchased CO2 4% Waste 6% Electricity 52% Diesel 43% Electricity 80% marc Nitrogen 2%

16 AWRIs E&O role Inform grape & wine sector: GHG emissions ERF Policy Opportunities/participation Support & advice Tools & resources GHG emission reduction strategies into farm management

17 Acknowledgements Philip Cohn, RAMP Carbon This project is supported by funding from the Australian Government Filling the Research Gap Action on the Ground Extension and Outreach programs. The AWRI

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