Biomethane as vehicle fuel

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1 Biomethane as vehicle fuel Experiences from the Biogas West project Project manager Biogas Väst Bernt Svensén Business Region Göteborg

2 Head and project manager Business Region Göteborg Represents 13 municipalities in the Göteborg region A regional company for business development A neutral and non-profit company Strong economical growth Diversity trade and industry High level of employment

3 The presentation includes Introduction of biomethane & some facts The renewable fuel situation in Sweden Biogas Väst project Future plans and new techniques International perspectives

4 What is biomethane? H H The most simpliest molecule of all hydrocarbons Lower CO2-emissions than other hydrocarbons Low environmental and health impact A very high octane number 120 A good carrier for hydrogen Excellent as fuel for vehicles!

5 How to produce biogas and what kind of feedstock is possible? Two production processes for biomethane Digestion Feedstock: Sludge, household & ind. waste, agriculture waste and enegy crops Thermal gasification Feedstock: Wood from forest or agriculture No other fuel has this wide range of biomass feedstock

6 * Lowest GHG Emissions Very low WTW energy Biomethane

7 Biomethane How to distribute biogas The green gas principle Households Industry Natural gas Vehicles Biomethane (renewable) and natural gas (fossil) = methane Biomethane is injected into the natural gas grid The customer can fuel biomethane at the fuelling stations Similar to Green Electricity principle

8 How many km can a car be driven on one hectare biomass? * Source: Lund University

9 How many miles can a car be driven on one hectare biomass? * Source: Lund University

10 Environmental and health impact PM & Nox G9-gasengine Volvo Bus Source: Volvo Bus

11 A bridge to the renewable fuels for the future H H Petrol, diesel Naturalgas och biogas Biogas, hydrogen Otto- Diesel-engines Otto-engines Dual-fuel Otto-engines Dual-fuel Fuelcells

12 Alternative fuels in Sweden Sales 2006 RME low-blended Ethanol E85 cars & buses Methane gas cars & buses Ethanol low-blended GWh gas-powered vehicles fueling stations for CNG vehicles Biometan/CNG replaced 53 m liter petrol

13 Biomethane as vehicle fuel in Sweden 30 June2007 ~ gas-powered vehicles (39 % increase) ~ 109 fuelling stations for CBG/CNG ~ 14 mnm 3 biogas (38 % increase) ~ 12,7 mnm 3 naturgas (31 % increase) (1st half year)

14 Are there any gas powered-vehicles? Light duties Passenger cars Busses - 15 models from : Iveco FIAT Ford Mercedes VW 15 models in Europe from: Citroën FIAT Ford Mercedes Opel Peugeot Volvo Cars VW Models from: Ekobus Irisbus Iveco MAN Mercedes Volvo

15 Driving forces market development for biogas and vehicle sales No taxes on biogas and lower taxes on CNG Increased prices for petrol and diesel State subsidies for vehicles, fuelling stations and production plants Reduced tax with 40 % for company cars*, free street parking in several cities Governmental organisations- 75 % clean vehicles, municipalities change policies for fleets* *clean vehicles

16 The Biogas Väst co-operation project in Westsweden Market development Production Distribution Vehicles Purpose: To develop a new industry

17 Biogas chain partners in Biogas West Increased sales of biogas & vehicles Fueling stations Car Manufacturer Retailers Biogas production Raw material Substrate Supported by: EU-project Swedish EPA

18 Vision for Biogas Väst 2020 Biomethane can replace 20 % of fossil fuel in transport sector Target fuelling stations gas-powered vehicles Biogas & CNG replace 33 m. litres petrol/diesel

19 Development Biogas Väst VEHICLES FUELING STATIONS BIOGAS (GWh)

20 Biogas plants for vehicle fuel in West Sweden Åmål Grums Sunne Karlstad Kristinehamn Karlskoga Örebro Existing biogas plants Tanum Mellerud Mariestad Motala Under construction Planned biogasplants Uddevalla Stenungsund Vänersborg Lidköping Trollhättan Lilla Edet Vara Bohus Skara Falköping Skövde Mjölby Kungälv Göteborg Lerum Partille Alingsås Borås Ulricehamn Huskvarna Mölndal Mölnlycke Jönköping Kungsbacka Kinna/Skene Gnosjö Nässjö Gislaved Varberg Värnamo Falkenberg

21 Karlstad Fuelling stations in West Sweden Lidköping Mariestad Today 30 public stations 4 bus stations 2008/ public stations Vara Skara Falköping Skövde cars 130 buses 90 hd trucks Göteborg Jönköping

22 Trends and markets A new generation gas-powered cars Biogas/natural gas in diesel engines (dual fuel) Fueling stations for liquified biometan/natural gas Up-grading plant for liquified biometan Gasification for biometan produktion LNG & LBG - Shipping

23 A new generation bi-fuel cars VW deliver a new gas-powered car in 2008! VW PASSAT Turbo & Compressor Down-sized engine Make use of the high octane number Low fuel consumption Longer distance powered on methane gas

24 Methane gas in diesel engines Dual fuel AB Volvo has a new diesel engine fueled by 90 % biometan & 10 % biodiesel! Engine with diesel efficiency! This open for a quite new market - H.D vehicles for goods transport - Public bus transportation, local & regional

25 Infrastructure for liquified methane The h.d. vehicle market need, in the longterm, a fueling infrastructure for liquified methane gas Around 25 fueling stations has to be built in Sweden The fueling stations can deliver both liquified and compressed methane gas We need to co-operate in Europe to build this infrastructure!

26 Production of liquified biomethane Cryogenic up-grading can replace traditional techniques (scrubbers, etc) but only at bigger biogas plants >50 GWh! The biogas is cooled down (-163 C) to liquified state Two products: liquified biomethane and liquified carbon dioxide

27 Shipping a new market There are some driving forces for LNG in ships and in the longer term LBG! Better air quality Reduced green house gases Trading with green house gas emissions Fuel economy

28 Biomethane from wood GoBiGas Göteborg Energi AB plans a gasification plant for biomethane 2012 Commercial scale 0,8 TWh biomethane Research plant at Chalmers 2007

29 Gasification System efficiency comparison Ethanol 70 % biomethane 20 % district heating 10 % energy losses 21 % ethanol 16 % electricity 35 % district heating 28 % energy losses Source: Göteborg Energi Source : BAFF

30 Thanks for your attention! Biogas Väst Bernt Svensén tel:

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