Hydrogen Powered Bus Fleets Hydrogen Supply & Fueling. National Fuel Cell Bus Workshop October 5, New Orleans, LA

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1 Hydrogen Powered Bus Fleets Hydrogen Supply & Fueling National Fuel Cell Bus Workshop October 5, New Orleans, LA

2 Agenda! Air Liquide hydrogen fueling experience! Overview of hydrogen supply and equipment options! Description of the Whistler Station! Supply mode comparison The Leader in Industrial and Medical Gases 2

3 Air Liquide: Hydrogen experience Hydrogen: 40 years in industry H2 Turnover 2009 : 1,3 Billion euros 1800 km of pipelines >1000 trucks >6 Billion Nm3/year 50 large H2 Plants Hydrogen energy experience - Light vehicle refueling - Project Driveway stations- NY and CA - Mass transit stations - Whistler Station operated by BC Transit - Oslo, Norway - Materials handling forklift applications The Leader in Industrial and Medical Gases 3

4 Hydrogen fueling of bus fleets Benefits and synergies! Near zero emissions! High power conversion efficiency! Centralized fueling! High H2 throughput helps to drive down capex! Fueling schedules somewhat defined and repeatable! Stations easily expandable The Leader in Industrial and Medical Gases 4

5 Hydrogen Supply Alternatives LH2 Liquid trailer bar tube trailer GH2 On site production SMR Electrolysis The Leader in Industrial and Medical Gases 5

6 Compression Technologies GH2 Gas compression (Up to 1000bar) Gas booster Membrane compressor ~ 10 kg/day ~ kg/day LH2 Vaporization Liquid pump and vaporization > 1000 kg/day The Leader in Industrial and Medical Gases 6

7 Typical Air Liquide Hydrogen Supply & Bus Refueling System The Leader in Industrial and Medical Gases 7

8 The Vancouver Whistler Project! One of the worlds largest H2 fueling stations! 20 bus fleet! buses per day! Fill rate 5 kg/min The Leader in Industrial and Medical Gases 8

9 Hydrogen Sourcing Local Back-up The Leader in Industrial and Medical Gases 9

10 H2 Storage! LH 2 Storage tanks! 2 x 20,000 USG tanks Each holds 5,300 kg Total of 10 Tons onsite ~ days at the Maximum consumption The Leader in Industrial and Medical Gases 10

11 Fueling Station Summary Specifications 50 kg fills in ~ 10 minutes 10 Tons of storage Onsite 99.9% Availability 24H/7D operation Remote Monitoring No limit on number of consecutive fills The Leader in Industrial and Medical Gases 11

12 Refueling System Design - Safety Stds! Equipment integrity monitored by! Leak test instrumentation! Gas sensors! Flame detectors! All systems wired with Emergency Stop push buttons! Construction specifications as per NFPA 52, 55 and 2! All equipment certified for use! ASME/DOT approval for vessels! Electrical equipment UL listed! Dispensers labeled by Intertek The Leader in Industrial and Medical Gases 12

13 Modes of supply comparison Bulk Liquid:! Low distribution cost! Good security of supply! Dependent on proximity to source! Costs dependent of fuel prices! Infrastructure costs are higher! Excellent for large volumes Gas:! High distribution cost! Needs to be close to source! Costs dependent of fuel prices! Infrastructure costs are lower! Good for smaller volumes < 50 kg/day The Leader in Industrial and Medical Gases 13

14 Modes of supply comparison Onsite SMR:! Economics favor larger volumes! Good security of supply! Cost dependent on natural gas prices! Can be used with renewable sources! Can be combined with stationary power Electrolysis:! Wide range of production volumes! Cost dependent on power rates! Can be combined with wind or solar power! Produces a waste stream of pure oxygen! Can be combined with stationary power The Leader in Industrial and Medical Gases 14

15 Cost vs. Volume Based on Supply Mode Assumptions: 30 kg/day per bus The Leader in Industrial and Medical Gases 15

16 Summary! Bus fleets provide a good opportunity to minimize H2 refueling costs! Centralized filling! High volumes! Current compression and dispensing technologies have a proven vehicles can be fueled safely and efficiently! Natural gas supplies in the US and onsite H2 production offer cost advantages over diesel! Renewable sources of methane and power offer the ability to produce green hydrogen! Multiple H2 energy applications can be combined at a single station to improve efficiencies and lower operating costs The Leader in Industrial and Medical Gases 16

17 Thank you! The Leader in Industrial and Medical Gases 17

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