Unit 2: Basic Geometric Elements

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Unit 2: Basic Geometric Elements"

Transcription

1 Lesson 2.1: Points, Lines, and Planes Lesson 2.1 Objectives Define and write notation of the following: (G1.1.6) Point Opposite rays Line Collinear Plane Coplanar Ray End point Line segment Initial point Intersection Start-Up Give your definition of the following: Unit 2: Basic Geometric Elements Point Line These terms are actually said to be, or have no formal definition. However, it is important to have a general agreement on what each word means. Point A has dimension, it is merely a. Meaning it takes up no space. It is usually represented as a. When labeling we designate a capital letter as a name for that point. We may call it. Line A extends in dimension. Meaning it goes straight in either a vertical, horizontal, or slanted fashion. It extends in two directions. It is represented by a line with an arrow on each end. When labeling, we use lower-case letters to name the line. Or the line can be named using two points that are on the line. So we say Line n, or Plane A extends in dimensions. Meaning it stretches in a vertical direction as well as a horizontal direction at the same time. It also extends. It is usually represented by a shape like a tabletop or a wall. When labeling we use a bold face capital letter to name the plane. M Or the plane can be named by picking three points in the plane and saying. 1

2 Collinear The prefix co- means the, or. Linear means. Coplanar are points that lie on the. Line Segment Consider the line AB. It can be broken into smaller pieces by merely chopping the arrows off. This creates a or segment that consists of A and B. This is symbolized as Ray A consists of an point where the figure begins and then continues in one direction forever. It looks like an arrow. This is symbolized by writing its point first and then naming any other point on the ray,. Or we can say ray AB. Betweenness When points lie on a line, we can say that one of them is the other two. This is only true if all three points are. We would say that is between and. Opposite Rays If C is between A and B on a line, then ray and ray are rays. are only opposite if they are. Intersections of Lines and Planes Two or more geometric figures if they have one or more in common. If there is no point or points shown, they the figures do not intersect. The of the figures is the set of points the figures have in common. Two intersect at. Two intersect at. 2

3 Example 2.1 Draw the following 1. AB 4. Plane DEF 2. CD 5. DE intersected by FG at point H. 3. EF 6. If M is between N and L, draw the opposite rays MN and ML. Example 2.2 Answer the following 1. Name 3 points that are collinear. 2. Name 3 points that are not collinear. 3. Name 3 points that are coplanar. 4. Name 4 points that are not coplanar. 5. What are two ways to name the plane? 6. What are two names for the line that passes through points C and B. Homework 2.1 Lesson 2.1 Point, Line, Plane p1-2 Due: 3

4 Lesson 2.2: Segments Distance, Midpoint, and Segment Addition Lesson 2.2 Objectives Utilize the distance formula. (G1.1.3) Apply the midpoint formula. (G1.1.5) Justify the construction of a midpoint. (G1.1.5) Utilize the segment addition postulate. (G1.1.3) Identify the symbol and definition of congruent. (G1.1.3) Define segment bisector. (G1.1.3) Postulate 1: Ruler Postulate The points on a line can be matched to real numbers called coordinates. The distance between the points, say A and B, is the absolute value of the difference of the coordinates. Distance is always positive. Length Finding the between points and is written as Writing is also called the of line segment AB. Postulate 2: Segment Addition Postulate If B is between A and C, then. Also, the opposite is true. If, then is A and. Example Sketch and write the segment addition postulate if point E is between points D and F. 2. Sketch and write the segment addition postulate if point M is between points N and P. Example 2.4 Find 1. GJ 2. KM 3. XY 4. LM 4

5 Distance Formula To find the on a graph between two points. A(, ) B(, ) Congruent Segments Segments that have the same are called segments. This is symbolized by. Example 2.5 Find the distance of each segment and identify if any of the segments are congruent. 1. J(1,1) K(0,5) 2. L(2,1) M(-2,0) 3. A(4,3) B(-1,6) 4. D(2,-3) E(-2,0) Midpoint The of a segment is the that divides the segment into two segments. The midpoint the segment, because bisect means to divide into parts. Midpoint Formula Example 2.6 Find the midpoint. 1. R(3,1) S(3,7) 2. T(2,4) S(6,6) Finding the Other End Many may say finding the midpoint is easy! It is simply the of the two. Now imagine knowing the, one, and trying to the coordinates of the other endpoint. Try to remember what the midpoint formula does and work it backwards. So here is what we are going to do: 1. the coordinates of the. 2. the coordinates of the known. 5

6 Example 2.7 Find the other endpoint given one endpoint, E, and the midpoint, M. 1. E(0,5) 2. E(-1,-3) M(3,3) M(5,9) Segment Bisector A is a, ray,, or plane that intersects the original segment at its. Example 2.8 Use the diagram to find the given measure if line l is a segment bisector. Homework 2.2 Lesson 2.2 Line Segments p3-4 Due: 6

7 Lesson 2.3: Angles and Their Measures Lesson 2.3 Objectives Identify more than one name for an angle. (G1.1.6) Identify angle measures. (G1.1.6) Classify angles as right, obtuse, acute, or straight. (G1.1.6) Apply the angle addition postulate. (G1.1.3) Utilize angle vocabulary to solve problems. (G1.1.6) Define angle bisector and its uses. (G1.1.3) What is an Angle? An consists of two different that have the same. The form the of the angle. The initial is called the of the angle. can often be thought of as a. Naming an Angle All are named by using points First, name a that lies on one of the angle. Second, name the next. The is always named in the. Finally, name a that lies on the side of the angle. Using a Protractor To measure an angle with a, do the following: 1. Place the of the protractor on the of the angle. 2. Line up one of the angle with the 0 o line near the of the protractor. 3. Read the protractor for the where the of the angle points. 7

8 Congruent Angles are angles that have the. To show that we are finding the measure of an angle Place a before the name of the angle. Types of Angles Right Looks Like Measure (<90) (=90) (>90) (=180) Example 2.10 Give another name for the angle in the diagram above. Then, tell whether the angle appears to be acute, obtuse, right, or straight. 1. JKN 2. KMN 3. PQM 4. JML 5. PLK Other Parts of an Angle The of an angle is defined as the set of points that lie the sides of the angle. The of an angle is the set of points that lie of the sides of the angle. Postulate 4: Angle Addition Postulate The Postulate allows us to add each smaller angle together to find the measure of a larger angle. 8

9 Example 2.11 Use the given information to find the indicated measure Adjacent Angles Two angles are angles if they a and, but have common interior points. Basically they should be, but not. Angle Bisector An is a that an angle into adjacent angles that are. To show that angles are congruent, we use. Example 2.12 In the diagram, BD bisects ABC. Find m ABC Homework 2.3 Lesson Angles and Their Measures p5-6 Due: 9

10 Lesson 2.4: Angle Pair Relationships Lesson 2.4 Objectives Identify vertical angle pairs. (G1.1.1) Identify linear pairs. (G1.1.1) Differentiate between complementary and supplementary angles. (G1.1.1) Vertical Angles Two angles are if their form pairs of opposite rays. Basically the two lines that form the angles are. To identify the angles, simply look straight the to find the angle pair. Hint: The angle pairs do not have to be vertical in position. pairs are always! Linear Pair Two angles form a linear pair if their non-common sides are opposite rays. Simply put, these are two that a. Just like neighbors share a fence, but they must live on the side of the road Since they share a straight line, their sum is Example 2.13 Find the measure of all unknown angles, when m 1 = 57 o. 1. m 2 = 2. m 3 = 3. m 4 = Example 2.14 Solve for x and y

11 Complementary v Supplementary angles are two angles whose is. angles can be adjacent or non-adjacent. angles are two angles whose is. angles can be adjacent or non-adjacent. Example 2.15 Find the measure of all unknown angles, given that m and n form a right angle and the m 2 = 22 o and m 2 = 2. m 5 = 3. m 6 = 4. m 4 = 5. m 3 = 6. m 7 = 7. m 8 = Example 2.16 A and B are complementary. Find m A and m B. 1. m A = 2x + 12 m B = 9x 10 A and B are supplementary. Find m A and m B. 2. m A = 12x + 32 m B = 4x 12 Perpendicular Lines When two lines intersect to form a angle, they are said to be lines. Homework 2.4 Lesson Angle Pair Relationships p7-8 Due: 11

12 Lesson 2.5: Lines Cut by a Transversal Lesson 2.5 Objectives Identify angle pairs formed by a transversal. (G1.1.2) Compare parallel and skew lines. (G1.1.2) Lines and Angle Pairs Example 2.17 Determine the relationship between the given angles 1. 3 and and and and and 14 Postulate 15: Corresponding Angles Postulate If two lines are cut by a, then angles are. You must know the lines are parallel in order to assume the angles are. 12

13 Theorem 3.4: Alternate Interior Angles If two lines are cut by a, then angles are. Again, you must know that the lines are parallel. If you know the two lines are parallel, then identify where the alternate interior angles are. Once you identify them, they should look congruent and they are. Theorem 3.5: Consecutive Interior Angles If two lines are cut by a, then angles are. Again be sure that the lines are parallel. They don t look to be congruent, so they MUST be supplementary. Theorem 3.6: Alternate Exterior Angles If two lines are cut by a, then angles are. Again be sure that the lines are parallel. Example 2.18 Find the missing angles for the following: 13

14 Example 2.19 Solve for x Parallel versus Skew Two lines are if they are and intersect. The short-hand for being is. Lines that are and do not intersect are called lines. These are lines that look like they intersect but do not lie on the same piece of paper. lines go in directions while lines go in the same direction. Example 2.20 Complete the following statements using the words parallel, skew, perpendicular. 1. Line WZ and line XY are. 2. Line WZ and line QW are. 3. Line SY and line WX are. 4. Plane WQR and plane SYT are. 5. Plane RQT and plane WQR are. 6. Line TS and line ZY are. 7. Line WX and plane SYZ are. Homework 2.5 Lesson 2.5 Lines Cut by a Transversal p11-12 Due: Unit 2 Test: 14

This is a tentative schedule, date may change. Please be sure to write down homework assignments daily.

This is a tentative schedule, date may change. Please be sure to write down homework assignments daily. Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Aug 26 Aug 27 Aug 28 Aug 29 Aug 30 Introductions, Expectations, Course Outline and Carnegie Review summer packet Topic: (1-1) Points, Lines, & Planes Topic: (1-2) Segment Measure Quiz

More information

Chapter 3.1 Angles. Geometry. Objectives: Define what an angle is. Define the parts of an angle.

Chapter 3.1 Angles. Geometry. Objectives: Define what an angle is. Define the parts of an angle. Chapter 3.1 Angles Define what an angle is. Define the parts of an angle. Recall our definition for a ray. A ray is a line segment with a definite starting point and extends into infinity in only one direction.

More information

Geometry Chapter 1. 1.1 Point (pt) 1.1 Coplanar (1.1) 1.1 Space (1.1) 1.2 Line Segment (seg) 1.2 Measure of a Segment

Geometry Chapter 1. 1.1 Point (pt) 1.1 Coplanar (1.1) 1.1 Space (1.1) 1.2 Line Segment (seg) 1.2 Measure of a Segment Geometry Chapter 1 Section Term 1.1 Point (pt) Definition A location. It is drawn as a dot, and named with a capital letter. It has no shape or size. undefined term 1.1 Line A line is made up of points

More information

1. A student followed the given steps below to complete a construction. Which type of construction is best represented by the steps given above?

1. A student followed the given steps below to complete a construction. Which type of construction is best represented by the steps given above? 1. A student followed the given steps below to complete a construction. Step 1: Place the compass on one endpoint of the line segment. Step 2: Extend the compass from the chosen endpoint so that the width

More information

Geometry: Unit 1 Vocabulary TERM DEFINITION GEOMETRIC FIGURE. Cannot be defined by using other figures.

Geometry: Unit 1 Vocabulary TERM DEFINITION GEOMETRIC FIGURE. Cannot be defined by using other figures. Geometry: Unit 1 Vocabulary 1.1 Undefined terms Cannot be defined by using other figures. Point A specific location. It has no dimension and is represented by a dot. Line Plane A connected straight path.

More information

Geometry 1. Unit 3: Perpendicular and Parallel Lines

Geometry 1. Unit 3: Perpendicular and Parallel Lines Geometry 1 Unit 3: Perpendicular and Parallel Lines Geometry 1 Unit 3 3.1 Lines and Angles Lines and Angles Parallel Lines Parallel lines are lines that are coplanar and do not intersect. Some examples

More information

Student Name: Teacher: Date: District: Miami-Dade County Public Schools. Assessment: 9_12 Mathematics Geometry Exam 1

Student Name: Teacher: Date: District: Miami-Dade County Public Schools. Assessment: 9_12 Mathematics Geometry Exam 1 Student Name: Teacher: Date: District: Miami-Dade County Public Schools Assessment: 9_12 Mathematics Geometry Exam 1 Description: GEO Topic 1 Test: Tools of Geometry Form: 201 1. A student followed the

More information

Final Review Geometry A Fall Semester

Final Review Geometry A Fall Semester Final Review Geometry Fall Semester Multiple Response Identify one or more choices that best complete the statement or answer the question. 1. Which graph shows a triangle and its reflection image over

More information

Geometry Review Flash Cards

Geometry Review Flash Cards point is like a star in the night sky. However, unlike stars, geometric points have no size. Think of them as being so small that they take up zero amount of space. point may be represented by a dot on

More information

Euclidean Geometry. We start with the idea of an axiomatic system. An axiomatic system has four parts:

Euclidean Geometry. We start with the idea of an axiomatic system. An axiomatic system has four parts: Euclidean Geometry Students are often so challenged by the details of Euclidean geometry that they miss the rich structure of the subject. We give an overview of a piece of this structure below. We start

More information

Chapter 1: Essentials of Geometry

Chapter 1: Essentials of Geometry Section Section Title 1.1 Identify Points, Lines, and Planes 1.2 Use Segments and Congruence 1.3 Use Midpoint and Distance Formulas Chapter 1: Essentials of Geometry Learning Targets I Can 1. Identify,

More information

GEOMETRY. Chapter 1: Foundations for Geometry. Name: Teacher: Pd:

GEOMETRY. Chapter 1: Foundations for Geometry. Name: Teacher: Pd: GEOMETRY Chapter 1: Foundations for Geometry Name: Teacher: Pd: Table of Contents Lesson 1.1: SWBAT: Identify, name, and draw points, lines, segments, rays, and planes. Pgs: 1-4 Lesson 1.2: SWBAT: Use

More information

Lesson 10.1 Skills Practice

Lesson 10.1 Skills Practice Lesson 0. Skills Practice Name_Date Location, Location, Location! Line Relationships Vocabulary Write the term or terms from the box that best complete each statement. intersecting lines perpendicular

More information

2.1. Inductive Reasoning EXAMPLE A

2.1. Inductive Reasoning EXAMPLE A CONDENSED LESSON 2.1 Inductive Reasoning In this lesson you will Learn how inductive reasoning is used in science and mathematics Use inductive reasoning to make conjectures about sequences of numbers

More information

55 questions (multiple choice, check all that apply, and fill in the blank) The exam is worth 220 points.

55 questions (multiple choice, check all that apply, and fill in the blank) The exam is worth 220 points. Geometry Core Semester 1 Semester Exam Preparation Look back at the unit quizzes and diagnostics. Use the unit quizzes and diagnostics to determine which topics you need to review most carefully. The unit

More information

Lines, Segments, Rays, and Angles

Lines, Segments, Rays, and Angles Line and Angle Review Thursday, July 11, 2013 10:22 PM Lines, Segments, Rays, and Angles Slide Notes Title Lines, Segment, Ray A line goes on forever, so we use an arrow on each side to indicate that.

More information

DEFINITIONS. Perpendicular Two lines are called perpendicular if they form a right angle.

DEFINITIONS. Perpendicular Two lines are called perpendicular if they form a right angle. DEFINITIONS Degree A degree is the 1 th part of a straight angle. 180 Right Angle A 90 angle is called a right angle. Perpendicular Two lines are called perpendicular if they form a right angle. Congruent

More information

Circle Name: Radius: Diameter: Chord: Secant:

Circle Name: Radius: Diameter: Chord: Secant: 12.1: Tangent Lines Congruent Circles: circles that have the same radius length Diagram of Examples Center of Circle: Circle Name: Radius: Diameter: Chord: Secant: Tangent to A Circle: a line in the plane

More information

Geometry Course Summary Department: Math. Semester 1

Geometry Course Summary Department: Math. Semester 1 Geometry Course Summary Department: Math Semester 1 Learning Objective #1 Geometry Basics Targets to Meet Learning Objective #1 Use inductive reasoning to make conclusions about mathematical patterns Give

More information

Geometry Chapter 1 Vocabulary. coordinate - The real number that corresponds to a point on a line.

Geometry Chapter 1 Vocabulary. coordinate - The real number that corresponds to a point on a line. Chapter 1 Vocabulary coordinate - The real number that corresponds to a point on a line. point - Has no dimension. It is usually represented by a small dot. bisect - To divide into two congruent parts.

More information

4. Prove the above theorem. 5. Prove the above theorem. 9. Prove the above corollary. 10. Prove the above theorem.

4. Prove the above theorem. 5. Prove the above theorem. 9. Prove the above corollary. 10. Prove the above theorem. 14 Perpendicularity and Angle Congruence Definition (acute angle, right angle, obtuse angle, supplementary angles, complementary angles) An acute angle is an angle whose measure is less than 90. A right

More information

A convex polygon is a polygon such that no line containing a side of the polygon will contain a point in the interior of the polygon.

A convex polygon is a polygon such that no line containing a side of the polygon will contain a point in the interior of the polygon. hapter 7 Polygons A polygon can be described by two conditions: 1. No two segments with a common endpoint are collinear. 2. Each segment intersects exactly two other segments, but only on the endpoints.

More information

GEOMETRY - QUARTER 1 BENCHMARK

GEOMETRY - QUARTER 1 BENCHMARK Name: Class: _ Date: _ GEOMETRY - QUARTER 1 BENCHMARK Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Refer to Figure 1. Figure 1 1. What is another name

More information

Chapter 4.1 Parallel Lines and Planes

Chapter 4.1 Parallel Lines and Planes Chapter 4.1 Parallel Lines and Planes Expand on our definition of parallel lines Introduce the idea of parallel planes. What do we recall about parallel lines? In geometry, we have to be concerned about

More information

Foundations of Geometry 1: Points, Lines, Segments, Angles

Foundations of Geometry 1: Points, Lines, Segments, Angles Chapter 3 Foundations of Geometry 1: Points, Lines, Segments, Angles 3.1 An Introduction to Proof Syllogism: The abstract form is: 1. All A is B. 2. X is A 3. X is B Example: Let s think about an example.

More information

Congruence. Set 5: Bisectors, Medians, and Altitudes Instruction. Student Activities Overview and Answer Key

Congruence. Set 5: Bisectors, Medians, and Altitudes Instruction. Student Activities Overview and Answer Key Instruction Goal: To provide opportunities for students to develop concepts and skills related to identifying and constructing angle bisectors, perpendicular bisectors, medians, altitudes, incenters, circumcenters,

More information

Selected practice exam solutions (part 5, item 2) (MAT 360)

Selected practice exam solutions (part 5, item 2) (MAT 360) Selected practice exam solutions (part 5, item ) (MAT 360) Harder 8,91,9,94(smaller should be replaced by greater )95,103,109,140,160,(178,179,180,181 this is really one problem),188,193,194,195 8. On

More information

5.1 Midsegment Theorem and Coordinate Proof

5.1 Midsegment Theorem and Coordinate Proof 5.1 Midsegment Theorem and Coordinate Proof Obj.: Use properties of midsegments and write coordinate proofs. Key Vocabulary Midsegment of a triangle - A midsegment of a triangle is a segment that connects

More information

5-1 Perpendicular and Angle Bisectors

5-1 Perpendicular and Angle Bisectors 5-1 Perpendicular and Angle Bisectors Warm Up Lesson Presentation Lesson Quiz Geometry Warm Up Construct each of the following. 1. A perpendicular bisector. 2. An angle bisector. 3. Find the midpoint and

More information

Chapter 6 Notes: Circles

Chapter 6 Notes: Circles Chapter 6 Notes: Circles IMPORTANT TERMS AND DEFINITIONS A circle is the set of all points in a plane that are at a fixed distance from a given point known as the center of the circle. Any line segment

More information

Lesson 18: Looking More Carefully at Parallel Lines

Lesson 18: Looking More Carefully at Parallel Lines Student Outcomes Students learn to construct a line parallel to a given line through a point not on that line using a rotation by 180. They learn how to prove the alternate interior angles theorem using

More information

POTENTIAL REASONS: Definition of Congruence:

POTENTIAL REASONS: Definition of Congruence: Sec 6 CC Geometry Triangle Pros Name: POTENTIAL REASONS: Definition Congruence: Having the exact same size and shape and there by having the exact same measures. Definition Midpoint: The point that divides

More information

Unit 3: Triangle Bisectors and Quadrilaterals

Unit 3: Triangle Bisectors and Quadrilaterals Unit 3: Triangle Bisectors and Quadrilaterals Unit Objectives Identify triangle bisectors Compare measurements of a triangle Utilize the triangle inequality theorem Classify Polygons Apply the properties

More information

Find the measure of each numbered angle, and name the theorems that justify your work.

Find the measure of each numbered angle, and name the theorems that justify your work. Find the measure of each numbered angle, and name the theorems that justify your work. 1. The angles 2 and 3 are complementary, or adjacent angles that form a right angle. So, m 2 + m 3 = 90. Substitute.

More information

Topics Covered on Geometry Placement Exam

Topics Covered on Geometry Placement Exam Topics Covered on Geometry Placement Exam - Use segments and congruence - Use midpoint and distance formulas - Measure and classify angles - Describe angle pair relationships - Use parallel lines and transversals

More information

Centroid: The point of intersection of the three medians of a triangle. Centroid

Centroid: The point of intersection of the three medians of a triangle. Centroid Vocabulary Words Acute Triangles: A triangle with all acute angles. Examples 80 50 50 Angle: A figure formed by two noncollinear rays that have a common endpoint and are not opposite rays. Angle Bisector:

More information

Chapters 6 and 7 Notes: Circles, Locus and Concurrence

Chapters 6 and 7 Notes: Circles, Locus and Concurrence Chapters 6 and 7 Notes: Circles, Locus and Concurrence IMPORTANT TERMS AND DEFINITIONS A circle is the set of all points in a plane that are at a fixed distance from a given point known as the center of

More information

1.7 Find Perimeter, Circumference,

1.7 Find Perimeter, Circumference, .7 Find Perimeter, Circumference, and rea Goal p Find dimensions of polygons. Your Notes FORMULS FOR PERIMETER P, RE, ND CIRCUMFERENCE C Square Rectangle side length s length l and width w P 5 P 5 s 5

More information

1.1 Identify Points, Lines, and Planes

1.1 Identify Points, Lines, and Planes 1.1 Identify Points, Lines, and Planes Objective: Name and sketch geometric figures. Key Vocabulary Undefined terms - These words do not have formal definitions, but there is agreement aboutwhat they mean.

More information

3.1. Angle Pairs. What s Your Angle? Angle Pairs. ACTIVITY 3.1 Investigative. Activity Focus Measuring angles Angle pairs

3.1. Angle Pairs. What s Your Angle? Angle Pairs. ACTIVITY 3.1 Investigative. Activity Focus Measuring angles Angle pairs SUGGESTED LEARNING STRATEGIES: Think/Pair/Share, Use Manipulatives Two rays with a common endpoint form an angle. The common endpoint is called the vertex. You can use a protractor to draw and measure

More information

Duplicating Segments and Angles

Duplicating Segments and Angles CONDENSED LESSON 3.1 Duplicating Segments and ngles In this lesson, you Learn what it means to create a geometric construction Duplicate a segment by using a straightedge and a compass and by using patty

More information

A summary of definitions, postulates, algebra rules, and theorems that are often used in geometry proofs:

A summary of definitions, postulates, algebra rules, and theorems that are often used in geometry proofs: summary of definitions, postulates, algebra rules, and theorems that are often used in geometry proofs: efinitions: efinition of mid-point and segment bisector M If a line intersects another line segment

More information

Mathematics Geometry Unit 1 (SAMPLE)

Mathematics Geometry Unit 1 (SAMPLE) Review the Geometry sample year-long scope and sequence associated with this unit plan. Mathematics Possible time frame: Unit 1: Introduction to Geometric Concepts, Construction, and Proof 14 days This

More information

Definitions, Postulates and Theorems

Definitions, Postulates and Theorems Definitions, s and s Name: Definitions Complementary Angles Two angles whose measures have a sum of 90 o Supplementary Angles Two angles whose measures have a sum of 180 o A statement that can be proven

More information

GEOMETRY. Constructions OBJECTIVE #: G.CO.12

GEOMETRY. Constructions OBJECTIVE #: G.CO.12 GEOMETRY Constructions OBJECTIVE #: G.CO.12 OBJECTIVE Make formal geometric constructions with a variety of tools and methods (compass and straightedge, string, reflective devices, paper folding, dynamic

More information

ABC is the triangle with vertices at points A, B and C

ABC is the triangle with vertices at points A, B and C Euclidean Geometry Review This is a brief review of Plane Euclidean Geometry - symbols, definitions, and theorems. Part I: The following are symbols commonly used in geometry: AB is the segment from the

More information

*1. Derive formulas for the area of right triangles and parallelograms by comparing with the area of rectangles.

*1. Derive formulas for the area of right triangles and parallelograms by comparing with the area of rectangles. Students: 1. Students understand and compute volumes and areas of simple objects. *1. Derive formulas for the area of right triangles and parallelograms by comparing with the area of rectangles. Review

More information

Incenter Circumcenter

Incenter Circumcenter TRIANGLE: Centers: Incenter Incenter is the center of the inscribed circle (incircle) of the triangle, it is the point of intersection of the angle bisectors of the triangle. The radius of incircle is

More information

SOLVED PROBLEMS REVIEW COORDINATE GEOMETRY. 2.1 Use the slopes, distances, line equations to verify your guesses

SOLVED PROBLEMS REVIEW COORDINATE GEOMETRY. 2.1 Use the slopes, distances, line equations to verify your guesses CHAPTER SOLVED PROBLEMS REVIEW COORDINATE GEOMETRY For the review sessions, I will try to post some of the solved homework since I find that at this age both taking notes and proofs are still a burgeoning

More information

A geometric construction is a drawing of geometric shapes using a compass and a straightedge.

A geometric construction is a drawing of geometric shapes using a compass and a straightedge. Geometric Construction Notes A geometric construction is a drawing of geometric shapes using a compass and a straightedge. When performing a geometric construction, only a compass (with a pencil) and a

More information

Sum of the interior angles of a n-sided Polygon = (n-2) 180

Sum of the interior angles of a n-sided Polygon = (n-2) 180 5.1 Interior angles of a polygon Sides 3 4 5 6 n Number of Triangles 1 Sum of interiorangles 180 Sum of the interior angles of a n-sided Polygon = (n-2) 180 What you need to know: How to use the formula

More information

Lesson 17. Introduction to Geometry. Objectives

Lesson 17. Introduction to Geometry. Objectives Student Name: Date: Contact Person Name: Phone Number: Lesson 17 Introduction to Geometry Objectives Understand the definitions of points, lines, rays, line segments Classify angles and certain relationships

More information

Chapter 3. Chapter 3 Opener. Section 3.1. Big Ideas Math Blue Worked-Out Solutions. Try It Yourself (p. 101) So, the value of x is 112.

Chapter 3. Chapter 3 Opener. Section 3.1. Big Ideas Math Blue Worked-Out Solutions. Try It Yourself (p. 101) So, the value of x is 112. Chapter 3 Opener Try It Yourself (p. 101) 1. The angles are vertical. x + 8 120 x 112 o, the value of x is 112. 2. The angles are adjacent. ( x ) + 3 + 43 90 x + 46 90 x 44 o, the value of x is 44. 3.

More information

Geometry, Final Review Packet

Geometry, Final Review Packet Name: Geometry, Final Review Packet I. Vocabulary match each word on the left to its definition on the right. Word Letter Definition Acute angle A. Meeting at a point Angle bisector B. An angle with a

More information

Angles that are between parallel lines, but on opposite sides of a transversal.

Angles that are between parallel lines, but on opposite sides of a transversal. GLOSSARY Appendix A Appendix A: Glossary Acute Angle An angle that measures less than 90. Acute Triangle Alternate Angles A triangle that has three acute angles. Angles that are between parallel lines,

More information

Lesson 2: Circles, Chords, Diameters, and Their Relationships

Lesson 2: Circles, Chords, Diameters, and Their Relationships Circles, Chords, Diameters, and Their Relationships Student Outcomes Identify the relationships between the diameters of a circle and other chords of the circle. Lesson Notes Students are asked to construct

More information

Chapter Two. Deductive Reasoning

Chapter Two. Deductive Reasoning Chapter Two Deductive Reasoning Objectives A. Use the terms defined in the chapter correctly. B. Properly use and interpret the symbols for the terms and concepts in this chapter. C. Appropriately apply

More information

37 Basic Geometric Shapes and Figures

37 Basic Geometric Shapes and Figures 37 Basic Geometric Shapes and Figures In this section we discuss basic geometric shapes and figures such as points, lines, line segments, planes, angles, triangles, and quadrilaterals. The three pillars

More information

Geometry Chapter 5 Relationships Within Triangles

Geometry Chapter 5 Relationships Within Triangles Objectives: Section 5.1 Section 5.2 Section 5.3 Section 5.4 Section 5.5 To use properties of midsegments to solve problems. To use properties of perpendicular bisectors and angle bisectors. To identify

More information

Section 9-1. Basic Terms: Tangents, Arcs and Chords Homework Pages 330-331: 1-18

Section 9-1. Basic Terms: Tangents, Arcs and Chords Homework Pages 330-331: 1-18 Chapter 9 Circles Objectives A. Recognize and apply terms relating to circles. B. Properly use and interpret the symbols for the terms and concepts in this chapter. C. Appropriately apply the postulates,

More information

The University of the State of New York REGENTS HIGH SCHOOL EXAMINATION GEOMETRY. Tuesday, August 13, 2013 8:30 to 11:30 a.m., only.

The University of the State of New York REGENTS HIGH SCHOOL EXAMINATION GEOMETRY. Tuesday, August 13, 2013 8:30 to 11:30 a.m., only. GEOMETRY The University of the State of New York REGENTS HIGH SCHOOL EXAMINATION GEOMETRY Tuesday, August 13, 2013 8:30 to 11:30 a.m., only Student Name: School Name: The possession or use of any communications

More information

How Do You Measure a Triangle? Examples

How Do You Measure a Triangle? Examples How Do You Measure a Triangle? Examples 1. A triangle is a three-sided polygon. A polygon is a closed figure in a plane that is made up of segments called sides that intersect only at their endpoints,

More information

Mathematics 3301-001 Spring 2015 Dr. Alexandra Shlapentokh Guide #3

Mathematics 3301-001 Spring 2015 Dr. Alexandra Shlapentokh Guide #3 Mathematics 3301-001 Spring 2015 Dr. Alexandra Shlapentokh Guide #3 The problems in bold are the problems for Test #3. As before, you are allowed to use statements above and all postulates in the proofs

More information

CHAPTER 6 LINES AND ANGLES. 6.1 Introduction

CHAPTER 6 LINES AND ANGLES. 6.1 Introduction CHAPTER 6 LINES AND ANGLES 6.1 Introduction In Chapter 5, you have studied that a minimum of two points are required to draw a line. You have also studied some axioms and, with the help of these axioms,

More information

Unit 6 Grade 7 Geometry

Unit 6 Grade 7 Geometry Unit 6 Grade 7 Geometry Lesson Outline BIG PICTURE Students will: investigate geometric properties of triangles, quadrilaterals, and prisms; develop an understanding of similarity and congruence. Day Lesson

More information

Grade 4 - Module 4: Angle Measure and Plane Figures

Grade 4 - Module 4: Angle Measure and Plane Figures Grade 4 - Module 4: Angle Measure and Plane Figures Acute angle (angle with a measure of less than 90 degrees) Angle (union of two different rays sharing a common vertex) Complementary angles (two angles

More information

Curriculum Map by Block Geometry Mapping for Math Block Testing 2007-2008. August 20 to August 24 Review concepts from previous grades.

Curriculum Map by Block Geometry Mapping for Math Block Testing 2007-2008. August 20 to August 24 Review concepts from previous grades. Curriculum Map by Geometry Mapping for Math Testing 2007-2008 Pre- s 1 August 20 to August 24 Review concepts from previous grades. August 27 to September 28 (Assessment to be completed by September 28)

More information

Intermediate Math Circles October 10, 2012 Geometry I: Angles

Intermediate Math Circles October 10, 2012 Geometry I: Angles Intermediate Math Circles October 10, 2012 Geometry I: Angles Over the next four weeks, we will look at several geometry topics. Some of the topics may be familiar to you while others, for most of you,

More information

Name Date Class. Lines and Segments That Intersect Circles. AB and CD are chords. Tangent Circles. Theorem Hypothesis Conclusion

Name Date Class. Lines and Segments That Intersect Circles. AB and CD are chords. Tangent Circles. Theorem Hypothesis Conclusion Section. Lines That Intersect Circles Lines and Segments That Intersect Circles A chord is a segment whose endpoints lie on a circle. A secant is a line that intersects a circle at two points. A tangent

More information

MATH STUDENT BOOK. 8th Grade Unit 6

MATH STUDENT BOOK. 8th Grade Unit 6 MATH STUDENT BOOK 8th Grade Unit 6 Unit 6 Measurement Math 806 Measurement Introduction 3 1. Angle Measures and Circles 5 Classify and Measure Angles 5 Perpendicular and Parallel Lines, Part 1 12 Perpendicular

More information

Inscribed Angle Theorem and Its Applications

Inscribed Angle Theorem and Its Applications : Student Outcomes Prove the inscribed angle theorem: The measure of a central angle is twice the measure of any inscribed angle that intercepts the same arc as the central angle. Recognize and use different

More information

Geometry Honors: Circles, Coordinates, and Construction Semester 2, Unit 4: Activity 24

Geometry Honors: Circles, Coordinates, and Construction Semester 2, Unit 4: Activity 24 Geometry Honors: Circles, Coordinates, and Construction Semester 2, Unit 4: ctivity 24 esources: Springoard- Geometry Unit Overview In this unit, students will study formal definitions of basic figures,

More information

Terminology: When one line intersects each of two given lines, we call that line a transversal.

Terminology: When one line intersects each of two given lines, we call that line a transversal. Feb 23 Notes: Definition: Two lines l and m are parallel if they lie in the same plane and do not intersect. Terminology: When one line intersects each of two given lines, we call that line a transversal.

More information

The mid-segment of a triangle is a segment joining the of two sides of a triangle.

The mid-segment of a triangle is a segment joining the of two sides of a triangle. 5.1 and 5.4 Perpendicular and Angle Bisectors & Midsegment Theorem THEOREMS: 1) If a point lies on the perpendicular bisector of a segment, then the point is equidistant from the endpoints of the segment.

More information

The Triangle and its Properties

The Triangle and its Properties THE TRINGLE ND ITS PROPERTIES 113 The Triangle and its Properties Chapter 6 6.1 INTRODUCTION triangle, you have seen, is a simple closed curve made of three line segments. It has three vertices, three

More information

Geometry CP Lesson 5-1: Bisectors, Medians and Altitudes Page 1 of 3

Geometry CP Lesson 5-1: Bisectors, Medians and Altitudes Page 1 of 3 Geometry CP Lesson 5-1: Bisectors, Medians and Altitudes Page 1 of 3 Main ideas: Identify and use perpendicular bisectors and angle bisectors in triangles. Standard: 12.0 A perpendicular bisector of a

More information

Semester Exam Review. Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

Semester Exam Review. Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Semester Exam Review Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Are O, N, and P collinear? If so, name the line on which they lie. O N M P a. No,

More information

TIgeometry.com. Geometry. Angle Bisectors in a Triangle

TIgeometry.com. Geometry. Angle Bisectors in a Triangle Angle Bisectors in a Triangle ID: 8892 Time required 40 minutes Topic: Triangles and Their Centers Use inductive reasoning to postulate a relationship between an angle bisector and the arms of the angle.

More information

GEOMETRY CONCEPT MAP. Suggested Sequence:

GEOMETRY CONCEPT MAP. Suggested Sequence: CONCEPT MAP GEOMETRY August 2011 Suggested Sequence: 1. Tools of Geometry 2. Reasoning and Proof 3. Parallel and Perpendicular Lines 4. Congruent Triangles 5. Relationships Within Triangles 6. Polygons

More information

Unit 6 Grade 7 Geometry

Unit 6 Grade 7 Geometry Unit 6 Grade 7 Geometry Lesson Outline BIG PICTURE Students will: investigate geometric properties of triangles, quadrilaterals, and prisms; develop an understanding of similarity and congruence. Day Lesson

More information

GEOMETRY 101* EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT GEOMETRY TO PASS THE GHSGT!

GEOMETRY 101* EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT GEOMETRY TO PASS THE GHSGT! GEOMETRY 101* EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT GEOMETRY TO PASS THE GHSGT! FINDING THE DISTANCE BETWEEN TWO POINTS DISTANCE FORMULA- (x₂-x₁)²+(y₂-y₁)² Find the distance between the points ( -3,2) and

More information

Show all work for credit. Attach paper as needed to keep work neat & organized.

Show all work for credit. Attach paper as needed to keep work neat & organized. Geometry Semester 1 Review Part 2 Name Show all work for credit. Attach paper as needed to keep work neat & organized. Determine the reflectional (# of lines and draw them in) and rotational symmetry (order

More information

Geometry Chapter 1 Review

Geometry Chapter 1 Review Name: lass: ate: I: Geometry hapter 1 Review Multiple hoice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Name two lines in the figure. a. and T c. W and R b. WR and

More information

Lesson 1 Section 2.5 Angle Relationships

Lesson 1 Section 2.5 Angle Relationships Creator: Heather McNeill Grade: 10 th grade Course: Geometry Honors Length: 50 minutes Lesson 1 Section 2.5 Angle Relationships 1. Prior Knowledge, Skills, and Dispositions: In this lesson, students should

More information

/27 Intro to Geometry Review

/27 Intro to Geometry Review /27 Intro to Geometry Review 1. An acute has a measure of. 2. A right has a measure of. 3. An obtuse has a measure of. 13. Two supplementary angles are in ratio 11:7. Find the measure of each. 14. In the

More information

The Geometry of Piles of Salt Thinking Deeply About Simple Things

The Geometry of Piles of Salt Thinking Deeply About Simple Things The Geometry of Piles of Salt Thinking Deeply About Simple Things PCMI SSTP Tuesday, July 15 th, 2008 By Troy Jones Willowcreek Middle School Important Terms (the word line may be replaced by the word

More information

Warm Up #23: Review of Circles 1.) A central angle of a circle is an angle with its vertex at the of the circle. Example:

Warm Up #23: Review of Circles 1.) A central angle of a circle is an angle with its vertex at the of the circle. Example: Geometr hapter 12 Notes - 1 - Warm Up #23: Review of ircles 1.) central angle of a circle is an angle with its verte at the of the circle. Eample: X 80 2.) n arc is a section of a circle. Eamples:, 3.)

More information

Algebraic Properties and Proofs

Algebraic Properties and Proofs Algebraic Properties and Proofs Name You have solved algebraic equations for a couple years now, but now it is time to justify the steps you have practiced and now take without thinking and acting without

More information

Parallel and Perpendicular. We show a small box in one of the angles to show that the lines are perpendicular.

Parallel and Perpendicular. We show a small box in one of the angles to show that the lines are perpendicular. CONDENSED L E S S O N. Parallel and Perpendicular In this lesson you will learn the meaning of parallel and perpendicular discover how the slopes of parallel and perpendicular lines are related use slopes

More information

Geometry and Measurement

Geometry and Measurement The student will be able to: Geometry and Measurement 1. Demonstrate an understanding of the principles of geometry and measurement and operations using measurements Use the US system of measurement for

More information

Quadrilaterals GETTING READY FOR INSTRUCTION

Quadrilaterals GETTING READY FOR INSTRUCTION Quadrilaterals / Mathematics Unit: 11 Lesson: 01 Duration: 7 days Lesson Synopsis: In this lesson students explore properties of quadrilaterals in a variety of ways including concrete modeling, patty paper

More information

The University of the State of New York REGENTS HIGH SCHOOL EXAMINATION GEOMETRY. Thursday, August 13, 2015 8:30 to 11:30 a.m., only.

The University of the State of New York REGENTS HIGH SCHOOL EXAMINATION GEOMETRY. Thursday, August 13, 2015 8:30 to 11:30 a.m., only. GEOMETRY The University of the State of New York REGENTS HIGH SCHOOL EXAMINATION GEOMETRY Thursday, August 13, 2015 8:30 to 11:30 a.m., only Student Name: School Name: The possession or use of any communications

More information

Geometry in a Nutshell

Geometry in a Nutshell Geometry in a Nutshell Henry Liu, 26 November 2007 This short handout is a list of some of the very basic ideas and results in pure geometry. Draw your own diagrams with a pencil, ruler and compass where

More information

2. If C is the midpoint of AB and B is the midpoint of AE, can you say that the measure of AC is 1/4 the measure of AE?

2. If C is the midpoint of AB and B is the midpoint of AE, can you say that the measure of AC is 1/4 the measure of AE? MATH 206 - Midterm Exam 2 Practice Exam Solutions 1. Show two rays in the same plane that intersect at more than one point. Rays AB and BA intersect at all points from A to B. 2. If C is the midpoint of

More information

Sec 1.1 CC Geometry - Constructions Name: 1. [COPY SEGMENT] Construct a segment with an endpoint of C and congruent to the segment AB.

Sec 1.1 CC Geometry - Constructions Name: 1. [COPY SEGMENT] Construct a segment with an endpoint of C and congruent to the segment AB. Sec 1.1 CC Geometry - Constructions Name: 1. [COPY SEGMENT] Construct a segment with an endpoint of C and congruent to the segment AB. A B C **Using a ruler measure the two lengths to make sure they have

More information

Mathematics Task Arcs

Mathematics Task Arcs Overview of Mathematics Task Arcs: Mathematics Task Arcs A task arc is a set of related lessons which consists of eight tasks and their associated lesson guides. The lessons are focused on a small number

More information

The University of the State of New York REGENTS HIGH SCHOOL EXAMINATION GEOMETRY. Thursday, January 26, 2012 9:15 a.m. to 12:15 p.m.

The University of the State of New York REGENTS HIGH SCHOOL EXAMINATION GEOMETRY. Thursday, January 26, 2012 9:15 a.m. to 12:15 p.m. GEOMETRY The University of the State of New York REGENTS HIGH SCHOOL EXMINTION GEOMETRY Thursday, January 26, 2012 9:15 a.m. to 12:15 p.m., only Student Name: School Name: Print your name and the name

More information

Unknown Angle Problems with Inscribed Angles in Circles

Unknown Angle Problems with Inscribed Angles in Circles : Unknown Angle Problems with Inscribed Angles in Circles Student Outcomes Use the inscribed angle theorem to find the measures of unknown angles. Prove relationships between inscribed angles and central

More information

Session 4 Angle Measurement

Session 4 Angle Measurement Key Terms in This Session Session 4 Angle Measurement New in This Session acute angle adjacent angles central angle complementary angles congruent angles exterior angle interior (vertex) angle irregular

More information

Three-Dimensional Figures or Space Figures. Rectangular Prism Cylinder Cone Sphere. Two-Dimensional Figures or Plane Figures

Three-Dimensional Figures or Space Figures. Rectangular Prism Cylinder Cone Sphere. Two-Dimensional Figures or Plane Figures SHAPE NAMES Three-Dimensional Figures or Space Figures Rectangular Prism Cylinder Cone Sphere Two-Dimensional Figures or Plane Figures Square Rectangle Triangle Circle Name each shape. [triangle] [cone]

More information