GENERAL INFORMATION FOR PROXIMITY SWITCHES

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "GENERAL INFORMATION FOR PROXIMITY SWITCHES"

Transcription

1 78 C wire proximity switch The devices operate exactly like mechaical switches, with the coected load beig switched i series. They ca be used ito PLC iputs like relays. Notice should be take o the ifluece of miimum load curret, leakage curret ad voltage drop. Output circuit load I the "off" coditio, oly the leakage curret(the o load curret) flows through the exteral load. I the "o" coditio the amplifiers' output trasistor coducts. Betwee the coectios of the proximity switch there is ow a voltage drop created by the iteral Z- diode(<6v) ad this should be allowed for withi the supply voltage. The voltage applied to the exteral load is lower tha the supply voltage by a amout equal to the voltage drop. The output amplifier is short circuit proof ad overload protected. Wirig diagram N.O. LOA +(-) -(+) N.C. +(-) LOA -(+) Item Specificatios Supply voltage Ripple Vpp Output iameter Cotious load curret Leakage curret Voltagedrop(at Icot.) M V C <0% N.O. or N.C ma <. ma <8 V M M8 M30 or Q-type No- Shielded Shielded Noshielded shielded Shielded Noshielded Shielded Noshielded <0.8 ma <6 V Series ad parallel coectio of wire C proximityswitches is ot permitted. NAMUR - Sesors to IN 934 NAMUR-Sesors are polarized -wire-sesors which chage their iteral resistace depedig o the distace to the target. They are desiged for use with exteral amplifiers, which covert the curret chages ito a digital sigal. Reverse polarity protectio Short-circuit protectio Overload trip poit Trasiet protectio Yes Yes >0 ma kv, ms, kohm Coectio diagram NAMUR-sesor amplifier Switchig frequecy KHz KHz KHz KHz KHz 500Hz 500Hz 00Hz +8.VC Switchig hysteresis 5% Temperature drift +_ 0% Repeat accuracy <% Operatig temperature o -5 C t o o + 70 C Ri:K W

2 79 Characteristic curve I(mA) 4 Iductive Proximity Switches Iductive Proximity Switches operate by usig a L/C resoat oscillator which geerates, with the aid of a coil located i the ope pot core, a high frequecy alteratig electromagetic field. This field emerges from the active face of the switch 3 H Nomial Operatig Values NAMUR-sesors operate with a supply voltage from 5 to 5VC. It is possible to work irectly ito logic circuits such as CMOS etc. Note: differet operatig values(v,ri) will co- uteract a chage of the switchig distace. Withi the admissible voltage rage it is e-cessary to adopt the resistace Ri, as well as the curret i the switchig poit I(S). The followig table shows typical values: Applicatio i EX-areas If NAMUR-sesors are used i EX-Areasb followig table shows typical values: followig table shows typical values: (Explosio-hazardous areas) they must be coected usig approved switchig amplifiers with itrisically safe cotrol circuits. The values of switchig frequecy ad switchig hysteresis are based o iter coectio by NAMURamplifier. V[VC] Ri[k ] I(S)[mA] I[mA] mA.55mA S differece i switchigcurret differece i switchig = 0.7 = 0. =.3 =.9 S S[mm] I = 0.3 = 0.4 Sr Fig. Block iagram - I ductive Switch Whe a electrically coductive material (for example a steel plate) moves ito the electro. Magetic field, a iduced eddy curret occurs. This eddy curret extracts eergy from the L/Cresoat circuit i the switch, ad produces a reductio i the oscillatio amplitude. This reductio i the amplitude is coverted by the associated electroic circuitry ito a clear electroic sigal, ad chages the state of the switch. Whe the electrically coductive material is removed from the alteratig field the oscillatio amplitude icreases which, by way of the electroic circuitry, will restore the switch to the origial uswitched state. Normal Operatig istace The Normal Operatig istace is defied as the distace betwee the detector ad the target whe the chage (switchig) i the logic state of the proximity switch occurs. This distace ad the tests associated i obtaiig this distace are outlie i CENELEC EN 5000 Stadards. From this stadard the target for establishig Normal Operatig istace is a iro (Fe 37) square mm thick, ad for cylidrical switches, the size is as showe i Table. The ormal sesig distace S ad Sr, Su, Sa iformatio see Figure A = 3.8 = 0.5

3 80 Correctio Factor Noshielded Sesor Iductive : Whe usig iductive proximity switches with o-ferrous metals it is escessary to apply a correctio factor to the operatig distace (sesig rage) as follows: Brass Alumium Copper Chrome Nickel Alloy Stailess steel istace X istace istace istace istace X X X X FERRITE Capacitive : Capacitive switches have a adjustable detectio rage, ad are depedet upo the type of material to be sesed. See Figure 4. Moutig Because of possible iterferece of the electromagetic fields geerated by the oscillators, miimum spacig is required betwee adjacet or opposig "active surfaces" of proximity switches. S% Fe37 CrNi Ott. Al Cu Materials Fig. 4 Capacitive switch correctio factor Shielded & Noshielded The "active surface " may be flush with the metal i which the switch is mouted, (see figure "Shielded Moutig".) The "active surface" must have a free zoe i which o metal is preset, (see figure "No-shielded Moutig".) Whe moutig proximity switches i this maer where the "active surfaces" are opposite each other, there must be a miimum distace betwee them,(see figure "Opposite Moutig".) It is good egieerig practice to mout proximity switches horizotally or with the active surface facig dow. Avoid proximity switches that face up wherever possible, especially if metal filigs ad chips are preset. Shielded costructio icludes a metal bad which surrouds the ferrite core ad coil arragemet. This helps to direct the electro-magetic field to the frot of the sesor. No shielded sesors do ot have this metal bad, therefore they ca be side sesitive. Shielded Moutig > 3S Shielded Sesor SHIEL SHIEL FERRITE

4 8 No-shielded Moutig Switchig frequecy, maximum This frequecy idicates the maximum umber of pulses per secod, this for a o/off ratio of : ad at oe half the omial switchig distace s > 3S Sta dard ta rget Pro ximity switch s / Opposite Moutig No coduc tig material disc Temperatre drift of s >6S The switchig distace is specified for a ambiet o temperature of 0 C. The followig diagram gives the switchig distace as a fuctio of ambiet temperature. Sr mm Hysteresis The hysteresis is the travel of target betwee the switch-o ad the switch-off poit. The switchig distace always relates to the switch-o poit C Ripple cotet, maximum movig dir ectio U OFF poit ON poit hysteresis Ud Uss switc hig distace S trigg er curves proximity switch t Hysteresis Us s W = x 00(%) U d Too much ripple cotet causes a udefied switchig behaviour. Remedy: icrease the smoothig capacitor or use a stabilized power supply.

5 8 IP 67 egree of protectio, accordig to IN 40050/IEC59. efiitio: 6 7 Protectio agaist dust peetratio. Full protectio agaist shocks (electrical). Protectio agaist water, whe workig uder certai coditios of time ad pressure,, pluged ito water. The water does t peetrate i sufficiet quatity to cause amage. Test coditios: epth of immersio: m uratio: 30 mi. The items provided with protectio IP 67 are ot therefore scheduled for workig cotiuously i water. AS the load curret passes 00mA(capacitive proximity switch over 300mA), the load short circuit protectio circuit is activated. Remark: Voltage drop <V is tested at the max. load curret, 00mA. Capacitive Proximity switches are tested at 300mA. SHORT CIRCUIT PROTECTION Tr VOLTAGE ROP C POWER C output type C output proximity switches cosist of the followig circuit. I N.O. operatio, with osesig,the trasistor is i the OFF mode. Whe sesig, the load curret passes through the trasistor. I N.C. operatio, the fuctio is opposite. I N.O. operatio, as the load curret passes 00mA (capacitive versio over 300mA), the load short circuit protectio is activated. Remarks: Voltage drop <V, it is tested i the max. load curret, 00mA. Capacitive Proximity Switch is tested i 300mA. C output type four wire N.O., N.C. chageover 4 wire devices are show i the followig circuits A ad B.Whe the proximity switch is i the sesig mode trasistor is i the OFF mode; trasistor is i ON mode. The max. load curret is 00mA with short circuit protectio. Output termial N.O. ad N.C. may be coected to the load at the same time. Tr C POWER Tr Tr C POWER SHORT CIRCUIT PRO TECTIO N VOLTA GE ROP A C output type C output type proximity switches are desiged with the followig output circuit. I N.O. operatio without sesig status, the trasistor is i the OFF mode, with sesig status the trasistor is i the ON mode, as the load curret passes through the trasistor; i the N.C. mode, the operatio is opposite i the N.O. Operatio. Tr Tr C POWER B

6 83 AC output two wire device AC ouput two wire proximity switches have output circuits with SCR. I the N.O. operatio ad osesig mode,the SCR appears OFF, i the sesed mode the SCR is ON. Load curret passes through the SCR ad to form feed circuit with exted load.i N.C. operatio, the operatio is opposite the N.O. Operatio.SCR i OFF mode, (it eeds by the operatio iteral circuit for proximity switch). The small curret passig through the load is called leakage curret. Whe the SCR is i ON mode iteral circuit of proximity switch operates) This small voltage is called droppig voltage. The max. load curret is 400 ma. AC/C outputs These proximity switches are used as pilot devices for AC-operated loads such as relays, cotactors, soleoids, etc. The solid state output permits the use of the proximity switches directly o the lie i series with a appropriate load. They, therefore, replace mechaical limit switches without alteratio of circuitry, where operatig speed or evirometal coditios require the applicatio of solid stateproximity switches. Leakage voltage is below 8V(load curret is over 0mA) leakage curret is below.8ma. LOA SC R MOSFET loa d AC two wire output, N.O., N.C. chageable AC two wire output, N.C./N.O. operatio is chageable, per the schematic below.feedback circuit as head is coected with termial 3 ad 4, proximity switch is i N.O. Mode.As load is coected with termial ad, proximity switch is i N.C. mode. As SCR is i OFF status, the iteral circuit of proximity switch the workig eeds the very small curret which is called leakage curret.as SCR is i the status of ON, the iteral operatio of proximity switch,the very small voltage available is called droppig voltage. SCR 3 4 LOA The max. load curret is 400 ma. roppig voltage below 8V(load curret over 0mA), leakage curret is below.8ma. N.O., N.C. operatio are ot available at the same time.it is oly available for N.O. or N.C. These proximity switches are typically available i a voltage rage of 0-5 AC or C. All models are available with either ormally ope(n.o.) ormally closed(n.c.), or with programmable outputs(from N.O. to N.C.). Proximity switches with AC/C outputs are ot recommeded for use with 4V C programmable cotroller iputs. Leakage curret The leakage curret is the curret which passes through the output trasistor whe it is blocked (this must be kept ito accout, especially i the case of parallel coectio of several switches). Load impedace Istead of a maximum output curret, a miimum load impedace may be specified. Amiimum load of 0 Ohms e.g. Traslates ito a maximum output curret of 00mA at V or 00mA at 4V. O the other had. If the maximum output curret is 00mA, the lowest acceptable load impedace at 4V is 0 Ohms.

7 84 Parallel coectio +U +U V + U Series-coectio: N.O. Sesors: AN Fuctio( all sesors made: load o ) N.C. Sesors: NOR Fuctio( ay oe sesor ope: load off ) Short circuit protectio Pulsig short circuit protectio I case of overload or short circuit, the output trasistor is rapidly switched o ad off. This tests whether the short has bee removed or ot.this kid of proximity switch's voltage drop is <V. Parallel-coectio: N.O. Sesors: OR fuctio(ay oe sesor or all made: load o ) N.C. Sesors: NAN Fuctio(all sesors ope: load off ) Series coectio short circuit protectio I Tighteig torque, maximum + - OUT PUT + U A very large drivig force o the ut, destroys the switch mechaically. The followig tighteig torques should ot be exceeded: M4x Nm M5x0.5.5 Nm - M8x Mx M8x 4 Nm 0 Nm 5 Nm M30x.5 70 Nm

iprox sensors iprox inductive sensors iprox programming tools ProxView programming software iprox the world s most versatile proximity sensor

iprox sensors iprox inductive sensors iprox programming tools ProxView programming software iprox the world s most versatile proximity sensor iprox sesors iprox iductive sesors iprox programmig tools ProxView programmig software iprox the world s most versatile proximity sesor The world s most versatile proximity sesor Eato s iproxe is syoymous

More information

ISOLATION TRANSFORMER. FOR 3 rd HARMONIC FILTERING TSA INSTRUCTIONS MANUAL M A

ISOLATION TRANSFORMER. FOR 3 rd HARMONIC FILTERING TSA INSTRUCTIONS MANUAL M A ISOLATION TRANSFORMER FOR 3 rd HARMONIC FILTERING TSA INSTRUCTIONS MANUAL M-983-0A INTRODUCTION There is a lot of electrical supply istallatios where most of the loads are sigle phase, supplyig a rectifier

More information

These transformers are wound on high quality ferrite core and are intended for a very wide range of applications:

These transformers are wound on high quality ferrite core and are intended for a very wide range of applications: These trasformers are woud o high quality ferrite core ad are iteded for a very wide rage of applicatios: firig thyristors ad triacs; drivig bipolar trasistor ad IGBT; drivig FET ad MOSFET trasistors;

More information

Power Factor in Electrical Power Systems with Non-Linear Loads

Power Factor in Electrical Power Systems with Non-Linear Loads Power Factor i Electrical Power Systems with No-Liear Loads By: Gozalo Sadoval, ARTECHE / INELAP S.A. de C.V. Abstract. Traditioal methods of Power Factor Correctio typically focus o displacemet power

More information

ELG4139: DC to AC Converters

ELG4139: DC to AC Converters ELG4139: DC to AC Coverters Coverts DC to AC power by switchig the DC iput voltage (or curret) i a pre-determied sequece so as to geerate AC voltage (or curret) output. I DC I ac + + V DC V ac Square Wave

More information

T R A N S F O R M E R A C C E S S O R I E S SAM REMOTE CONTROL SYSTEM

T R A N S F O R M E R A C C E S S O R I E S SAM REMOTE CONTROL SYSTEM REMOTE CONTROL SYSTEM REMOTE CONTROL SYSTEM TYPE MRCS T R A N S F O R M E R A C C E S S O R I E S PLN.03.08 CODE NO: 720 (20A.) CODE NO: 72400 / 800 (400/800A.) CODE NO: 73000 (000A.). GENERAL This system

More information

RISH Clamp POWER 1000A / 400A AC-DC. Application. Product Features. Unique Design. Non Contact Voltage Detection. Three Phase Power Measurement

RISH Clamp POWER 1000A / 400A AC-DC. Application. Product Features. Unique Design. Non Contact Voltage Detection. Three Phase Power Measurement RISH Clamp POWER 1000A / 400A AC-DC Applicatio RISH Clamp POWER 1000A/400A measures, calculate ad displays importat electrical parameters of sigle phase or three phase power system. It also features Resistace,

More information

2 Specialty Application Photoelectric Sensors

2 Specialty Application Photoelectric Sensors SMARTEYE HIGH INTENSITY High Itesity Through Beam Sesor 2 Specialty Applicatio Photoelectric Sesors 2-103 Specialty Applicatio Photoelectric Sesors 2 SMARTEYE HIGH INTENSITY High Itesity Through Beam Sesor

More information

Measuring Magneto Energy Output and Inductance Revision 1

Measuring Magneto Energy Output and Inductance Revision 1 Measurig Mageto Eergy Output ad Iductace evisio Itroductio A mageto is fudametally a iductor that is mechaically charged with a iitial curret value. That iitial curret is produced by movemet of the rotor

More information

Motor Vibration. Detect Mechanical & Electrical Motor Faults with Vibration Monitoring Instrumentation. IMI Sensors - A PCB Piezotronics Division

Motor Vibration. Detect Mechanical & Electrical Motor Faults with Vibration Monitoring Instrumentation. IMI Sensors - A PCB Piezotronics Division IMI Sesors - A PCB Piezotroics Divisio Motor Vibratio Detect Mechaical & Electrical Motor Faults with Vibratio Moitorig Istrumetatio visit us at www.imi-sesors.com (+1)716-684-0003 Predictive Maiteace

More information

Cable Cleats. Trefoil Cable Cleat with LSF Pad. 55mm CFX-2

Cable Cleats. Trefoil Cable Cleat with LSF Pad. 55mm CFX-2 CFX-1 Trefoil Cable Cleat with LSF Pad 1. Recommeded for istallatios where the highest levels of short circuit withstad are required. 2. Short circuit curret tested i accordace with BS EN 50368:2003 stadard.

More information

Case Piezoelectric Vibration Monitor Specifications

Case Piezoelectric Vibration Monitor Specifications Case Piezoelectric Vibratio Moitor Specificatios The Case Piezoelectric Vibratio Moitor is desiged for high reliability for your plat s most critical rotatig machiery moitorig case vibratio from accelerometer

More information

Current Carrying Capacity Analysis of TR42.7 update to IEEE802.3at

Current Carrying Capacity Analysis of TR42.7 update to IEEE802.3at IEEE80.3at Task Force Curret Carryig Capacity Aalysis of TR4.7 update to IEEE80.3at Ja 007, Moterey CA Yair Darsha Micro semi/powerdsie Curret Carryig Capacity Aalysis of TR4.7 update to IEEE80.3at Ja

More information

Study on the application of the software phase-locked loop in tracking and filtering of pulse signal

Study on the application of the software phase-locked loop in tracking and filtering of pulse signal Advaced Sciece ad Techology Letters, pp.31-35 http://dx.doi.org/10.14257/astl.2014.78.06 Study o the applicatio of the software phase-locked loop i trackig ad filterig of pulse sigal Sog Wei Xia 1 (College

More information

Semiconductor Devices

Semiconductor Devices emicoductor evices Prof. Zbigiew Lisik epartmet of emicoductor ad Optoelectroics evices room: 116 e-mail: zbigiew.lisik@p.lodz.pl Uipolar devices IFE T&C JFET Trasistor Uipolar evices - Trasistors asic

More information

FACTSHEET 1: DEVELOPING A STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT PLAN

FACTSHEET 1: DEVELOPING A STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT PLAN FACTSHEET 1: DEVELOPING A STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT PLAN THIS FACTSHEET RELATES TO QUESTION 2.3 OF THE MSPI (MUSEUM STANDARDS PROGRAMME FOR IRELAND) 1. Itroductio Writig a Strategic Maagemet Pla ca provide

More information

Exercise 11 ISOLATION OF MACHINE VIBRATIONS

Exercise 11 ISOLATION OF MACHINE VIBRATIONS Exercise 11 ISOLATION OF MACHINE VIBRATIONS 1. Aim of the exercise Isolatio of the vibratig device from its foudatio. Experimetal determiatio of the trasfer factor of vibratios.. Theoretical itroductio

More information

PSYCHOLOGICAL STATISTICS

PSYCHOLOGICAL STATISTICS UNIVERSITY OF CALICUT SCHOOL OF DISTANCE EDUCATION B Sc. Cousellig Psychology (0 Adm.) IV SEMESTER COMPLEMENTARY COURSE PSYCHOLOGICAL STATISTICS QUESTION BANK. Iferetial statistics is the brach of statistics

More information

Arvo-Tec Feeding Technology

Arvo-Tec Feeding Technology Arvo-Tec Feedig Techology See also our website www.arvotec.fi Arvo-Tec Professioal Feedig Cotrol System Suitable for may types of fish farms Arvo-Tec Cotrol uit. Professioal PC-coectio iterface for operatio

More information

A Combined Continuous/Binary Genetic Algorithm for Microstrip Antenna Design

A Combined Continuous/Binary Genetic Algorithm for Microstrip Antenna Design A Combied Cotiuous/Biary Geetic Algorithm for Microstrip Atea Desig Rady L. Haupt The Pesylvaia State Uiversity Applied Research Laboratory P. O. Box 30 State College, PA 16804-0030 haupt@ieee.org Abstract:

More information

summary of cover CONTRACT WORKS INSURANCE

summary of cover CONTRACT WORKS INSURANCE 1 SUMMARY OF COVER CONTRACT WORKS summary of cover CONTRACT WORKS INSURANCE This documet details the cover we ca provide for our commercial or church policyholders whe udertakig buildig or reovatio works.

More information

Baan Service Master Data Management

Baan Service Master Data Management Baa Service Master Data Maagemet Module Procedure UP069A US Documetiformatio Documet Documet code : UP069A US Documet group : User Documetatio Documet title : Master Data Maagemet Applicatio/Package :

More information

Engineering Data Management

Engineering Data Management BaaERP 5.0c Maufacturig Egieerig Data Maagemet Module Procedure UP128A US Documetiformatio Documet Documet code : UP128A US Documet group : User Documetatio Documet title : Egieerig Data Maagemet Applicatio/Package

More information

! encor e networks TM

! encor e networks TM ! ecor e etworks TM Copyright 2003 Ecore Networks, Ic. All rights reserved. SigalPath 201 (SP201 ) Istallatio Guide Versio C, July 2004 Part Number 15469.1000 SigalPath Software Versio 1100 This Istallatio

More information

Approximating Area under a curve with rectangles. To find the area under a curve we approximate the area using rectangles and then use limits to find

Approximating Area under a curve with rectangles. To find the area under a curve we approximate the area using rectangles and then use limits to find 1.8 Approximatig Area uder a curve with rectagles 1.6 To fid the area uder a curve we approximate the area usig rectagles ad the use limits to fid 1.4 the area. Example 1 Suppose we wat to estimate 1.

More information

E-Plex Enterprise Access Control System

E-Plex Enterprise Access Control System Eterprise Access Cotrol System Egieered for Flexibility Modular Solutio The Eterprise Access Cotrol System is a modular solutio for maagig access poits. Employig a variety of hardware optios, system maagemet

More information

hp calculators HP 12C Statistics - average and standard deviation Average and standard deviation concepts HP12C average and standard deviation

hp calculators HP 12C Statistics - average and standard deviation Average and standard deviation concepts HP12C average and standard deviation HP 1C Statistics - average ad stadard deviatio Average ad stadard deviatio cocepts HP1C average ad stadard deviatio Practice calculatig averages ad stadard deviatios with oe or two variables HP 1C Statistics

More information

IQ4/IO/.. I/O Expansion Modules

IQ4/IO/.. I/O Expansion Modules Data Sheet IQ4/IO/.. Expasio Modules IQ4/IO Expasio Modules Descriptio The IQ 4/IO rage of DIN rail mouted expasio s are desiged for use with the IQ4E cotroller, offerig additioal iput ad output chael

More information

CHAPTER 3 DIGITAL CODING OF SIGNALS

CHAPTER 3 DIGITAL CODING OF SIGNALS CHAPTER 3 DIGITAL CODING OF SIGNALS Computers are ofte used to automate the recordig of measuremets. The trasducers ad sigal coditioig circuits produce a voltage sigal that is proportioal to a quatity

More information

Circular valves. Circular valves are being used for air flow closing or as a throttling element to adjustment of necessary resistances in pipelines.

Circular valves. Circular valves are being used for air flow closing or as a throttling element to adjustment of necessary resistances in pipelines. Circular valves Circular valves are beig used for air flow closig or as a throttlig elemet to adjustmet of ecessary resistaces i pipelies. Descriptio The circular valve is produced from S235 material ad

More information

Siemens AG 2012. SIMOTICS S-1FT7 Servomotors

Siemens AG 2012. SIMOTICS S-1FT7 Servomotors Siemes AG 2012 Siemes AG 2012 The Servomotors for High-Performace Applicatios Overview The wide rage of motio cotrol tasks i mechaical ad plat egieerig results i a equally wide rage of requiremets for

More information

Cahier technique no. 194

Cahier technique no. 194 Collectio Techique... Cahier techique o. 194 Curret trasformers: how to specify them P. Foti "Cahiers Techiques" is a collectio of documets iteded for egieers ad techicias, people i the idustry who are

More information

Configuring Additional Active Directory Server Roles

Configuring Additional Active Directory Server Roles Maual Upgradig your MCSE o Server 2003 to Server 2008 (70-649) 1-800-418-6789 Cofigurig Additioal Active Directory Server Roles Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services Backgroud ad Cofiguratio

More information

Ferrous metal (The sensing distance decreases with non-ferrous metal.) Power supply voltage (operating voltage range)

Ferrous metal (The sensing distance decreases with non-ferrous metal.) Power supply voltage (operating voltage range) Description The sensors provide excellent results even with difficult-to-detect objects, e.g. small or thin parts, wires or bright metals. A variety of types cover a wide range of individual requirements

More information

Inductive sensor NI10-M18-Y1X-H1141

Inductive sensor NI10-M18-Y1X-H1141 ATEX category II 1 G, Ex zone 0 ATEX category II 1 D, Ex zone 20 SIL2 as per IEC 61508 Threaded barrel, M18 x 1 Chrome-plated brass DC 2-wire, nom. 8.2 VDC Output acc. to DIN EN 60947-5-6 (NA- MUR) M12

More information

RECORD or AS BUILT document directions

RECORD or AS BUILT document directions Referece o. 1.8 RECORD or AS BUILT documet directios This is documet refereced by The Uiversity Buildig Stadards Documetatio, Sectio C, Page C-2 http://www.adelaide.edu.au/ifrastructure/projects/ifo/ Space

More information

Multiplexers and Demultiplexers

Multiplexers and Demultiplexers I this lesso, you will lear about: Multiplexers ad Demultiplexers 1. Multiplexers 2. Combiatioal circuit implemetatio with multiplexers 3. Demultiplexers 4. Some examples Multiplexer A Multiplexer (see

More information

Microelectronics Processing Technology 6.152J / 3.155J

Microelectronics Processing Technology 6.152J / 3.155J Microelectroics Processig Techology 6.152J / 3.155J Fall 2001 Metal Semicoductor (MOS) apacitor The MOS capacitor structure is show i Figure 1. The metal plate is a heavily doped p + - poly-silico layer

More information

PowerView. Model AP9215. User s Manual

PowerView. Model AP9215. User s Manual PowerView Model AP9215 User s Maual Thak You! Thak you for selectig the America Power Coversio PowerView. It has bee desiged for may years of reliable, maiteace-free service i combiatio with your America

More information

capacitive sensors 241

capacitive sensors  241 capacitive sensors Highlights: ü Synthetic or metal housings ü 4- or 2-wire devices ü Adjustable operating distances ü For the detection of all kinds of materials www.contrinex.com 241 capacitive Sensors

More information

>7011AUPS UNINTERRUPTIBLE P O W E R SUPPLIES

>7011AUPS UNINTERRUPTIBLE P O W E R SUPPLIES >7011AUPS UNINTERRUPTIBLE P O W E R SUPPLIES Power Failures Strike at the Heart of Critical Operatios 7011A Series Product Lie True O-Lie, Double Coversio UPS Mitsubishi Electric is the world s leadig

More information

DESIGN PROBLEMS OF ANCHORING OF ABOVEGROUND STEEL TANKS

DESIGN PROBLEMS OF ANCHORING OF ABOVEGROUND STEEL TANKS УНИВЕРСИТЕТ ПО АРХИТЕКТУРА, СТРОИТЕЛСТВО И ГЕОДЕЗИЯ Трети национален симпозиум по стоманени, дървени и комбинирани конструкции 15-16 септември 2010 DESIGN PROBLEMS OF ANCHORING OF ABOVEGROUND STEEL TANKS

More information

NATIONAL SENIOR CERTIFICATE GRADE 12

NATIONAL SENIOR CERTIFICATE GRADE 12 NATIONAL SENIOR CERTIFICATE GRADE MATHEMATICS P NOVEMBER 009() MARKS: 50 TIME: 3 hours This questio paper cosists of 0 pages, a iformatio sheet ad diagram sheet. Please tur over Mathematics/P DoE/November

More information

E-Mobility. charging cables. The Quality Connection

E-Mobility. charging cables. The Quality Connection E-Mobility Electric Elektroladekabel chargig cables The Quality Coectio Electric chargig cable I ll just pop over to the fillig statio that s a setece which owers of electric vehicles caot ochalatly express.

More information

EEL 5245 POWER ELECTRONICS I Lecture #10: Chapter 3 Non-Sinusoidal Systems and Harmonics Overview

EEL 5245 POWER ELECTRONICS I Lecture #10: Chapter 3 Non-Sinusoidal Systems and Harmonics Overview EEL 5245 POWER ELECTRONICS I Lecture #1: Chapter 3 No-Siusoidal Systems ad Harmoics Overview Discussio Topics Real World Power System Data What is its harmoic cotet? Ad why? Decompositio of o-siusoidal

More information

Processor Card Specifications PN A6560, A6560-T

Processor Card Specifications PN A6560, A6560-T Specificatios Sheet CSI 6500 Machiery Health Moitor Processor Card Specificatios PN A6560, A6560-T The machiery health processor is the heart of the CSI 6500 Machiery Health Moitor providig field-based,

More information

Capacitive Proximity Sensors

Capacitive Proximity Sensors Capacitive Proximity Sensors Capacitive proximity sensors High level of temperature stability Enhanced sensing ranges for functional reserve High level of immunity against: - Electrostatic discharge, e.g.

More information

*The most important feature of MRP as compared with ordinary inventory control analysis is its time phasing feature.

*The most important feature of MRP as compared with ordinary inventory control analysis is its time phasing feature. Itegrated Productio ad Ivetory Cotrol System MRP ad MRP II Framework of Maufacturig System Ivetory cotrol, productio schedulig, capacity plaig ad fiacial ad busiess decisios i a productio system are iterrelated.

More information

Taking DCOP to the Real World: Efficient Complete Solutions for Distributed Multi-Event Scheduling

Taking DCOP to the Real World: Efficient Complete Solutions for Distributed Multi-Event Scheduling Taig DCOP to the Real World: Efficiet Complete Solutios for Distributed Multi-Evet Schedulig Rajiv T. Maheswara, Milid Tambe, Emma Bowrig, Joatha P. Pearce, ad Pradeep araatham Uiversity of Souther Califoria

More information

Confidence Intervals. CI for a population mean (σ is known and n > 30 or the variable is normally distributed in the.

Confidence Intervals. CI for a population mean (σ is known and n > 30 or the variable is normally distributed in the. Cofidece Itervals A cofidece iterval is a iterval whose purpose is to estimate a parameter (a umber that could, i theory, be calculated from the populatio, if measuremets were available for the whole populatio).

More information

GCSE STATISTICS. 4) How to calculate the range: The difference between the biggest number and the smallest number.

GCSE STATISTICS. 4) How to calculate the range: The difference between the biggest number and the smallest number. GCSE STATISTICS You should kow: 1) How to draw a frequecy diagram: e.g. NUMBER TALLY FREQUENCY 1 3 5 ) How to draw a bar chart, a pictogram, ad a pie chart. 3) How to use averages: a) Mea - add up all

More information

if A S, then X \ A S, and if (A n ) n is a sequence of sets in S, then n A n S,

if A S, then X \ A S, and if (A n ) n is a sequence of sets in S, then n A n S, Lecture 5: Borel Sets Topologically, the Borel sets i a topological space are the σ-algebra geerated by the ope sets. Oe ca build up the Borel sets from the ope sets by iteratig the operatios of complemetatio

More information

Quik Bridge Loop Receiver Document Number: 466-1568 Rev. B January 1999

Quik Bridge Loop Receiver Document Number: 466-1568 Rev. B January 1999 Quik Bridge Loop Receiver Documet Number: 466-1568 Rev. B Jauary 1999 Quik Bridge Loop Receiver Trasmitter Compatibility All curret ITI Lear Mode sesors (319.5 MHz), paic butto trasmitters, 2- ad 4-butto

More information

Incremental calculation of weighted mean and variance

Incremental calculation of weighted mean and variance Icremetal calculatio of weighted mea ad variace Toy Fich faf@cam.ac.uk dot@dotat.at Uiversity of Cambridge Computig Service February 009 Abstract I these otes I eplai how to derive formulae for umerically

More information

.04. This means $1000 is multiplied by 1.02 five times, once for each of the remaining sixmonth

.04. This means $1000 is multiplied by 1.02 five times, once for each of the remaining sixmonth Questio 1: What is a ordiary auity? Let s look at a ordiary auity that is certai ad simple. By this, we mea a auity over a fixed term whose paymet period matches the iterest coversio period. Additioally,

More information

Now here is the important step

Now here is the important step LINEST i Excel The Excel spreadsheet fuctio "liest" is a complete liear least squares curve fittig routie that produces ucertaity estimates for the fit values. There are two ways to access the "liest"

More information

Desktop Management. Desktop Management Tools

Desktop Management. Desktop Management Tools Desktop Maagemet 9 Desktop Maagemet Tools Mac OS X icludes three desktop maagemet tools that you might fid helpful to work more efficietly ad productively: u Stacks puts expadable folders i the Dock. Clickig

More information

L6: FSMs and Synchronization

L6: FSMs and Synchronization L6: FSMs ad Sychroizatio Lecture material courtesy of Rex Mi L6: 6. Sprig 24 Itroductory igital Systems Laboratory Asychroous Iputs i Sequetial Systems What about exteral sigals? Clock Sequetial System

More information

Convention Paper 6764

Convention Paper 6764 Audio Egieerig Society Covetio Paper 6764 Preseted at the 10th Covetio 006 May 0 3 Paris, Frace This covetio paper has bee reproduced from the author's advace mauscript, without editig, correctios, or

More information

Domain 1 - Describe Cisco VoIP Implementations

Domain 1 - Describe Cisco VoIP Implementations Maual ONT (642-8) 1-800-418-6789 Domai 1 - Describe Cisco VoIP Implemetatios Advatages of VoIP Over Traditioal Switches Voice over IP etworks have may advatages over traditioal circuit switched voice etworks.

More information

Industrial Batteries Network Power Classic Solar Powerful energy storage for photovoltaic systems. Specifications

Industrial Batteries Network Power Classic Solar Powerful energy storage for photovoltaic systems. Specifications Idustrial Batteries Network Power Classic Solar Powerful eergy storage for photovoltaic systems. Specificatios Cost-effective eergy storage. Classic EerSol are robust flooded batteries for eergy storage

More information

Surge Protection. For Business-Critical Continuity TM. Surge Protection. Reference Guide

Surge Protection. For Business-Critical Continuity TM. Surge Protection. Reference Guide Surge Protectio For Busiess-Critical Cotiuity TM Surge Protectio Referece Guide PROTECT YOUR INVESTMENT BY PROTECTING YOUR POWER Compaies sped billios of dollars o equipmet ad facilities every year. But

More information

PENSION ANNUITY. Policy Conditions Document reference: PPAS1(7) This is an important document. Please keep it in a safe place.

PENSION ANNUITY. Policy Conditions Document reference: PPAS1(7) This is an important document. Please keep it in a safe place. PENSION ANNUITY Policy Coditios Documet referece: PPAS1(7) This is a importat documet. Please keep it i a safe place. Pesio Auity Policy Coditios Welcome to LV=, ad thak you for choosig our Pesio Auity.

More information

Mathematical goals. Starting points. Materials required. Time needed

Mathematical goals. Starting points. Materials required. Time needed Level A1 of challege: C A1 Mathematical goals Startig poits Materials required Time eeded Iterpretig algebraic expressios To help learers to: traslate betwee words, symbols, tables, ad area represetatios

More information

Confidence Intervals for One Mean

Confidence Intervals for One Mean Chapter 420 Cofidece Itervals for Oe Mea Itroductio This routie calculates the sample size ecessary to achieve a specified distace from the mea to the cofidece limit(s) at a stated cofidece level for a

More information

Inductive sensors. Compact, fast, reliable. Edition 2013

Inductive sensors. Compact, fast, reliable. Edition 2013 Inductive sensors. Compact, fast, reliable. Edition 2013 Indispensable in all machines Non-contacting, inductive proximity sensors play a major role in automation technology all over the world. For several

More information

Quadratics - Revenue and Distance

Quadratics - Revenue and Distance 9.10 Quadratics - Reveue ad Distace Objective: Solve reveue ad distace applicatios of quadratic equatios. A commo applicatio of quadratics comes from reveue ad distace problems. Both are set up almost

More information

MESSAGE TO TEACHERS: NOTE TO EDUCATORS:

MESSAGE TO TEACHERS: NOTE TO EDUCATORS: MESSAGE TO TEACHERS: NOTE TO EDUCATORS: Attached herewith, please fid suggested lesso plas for term 1 of MATHEMATICS Grade 12. Please ote that these lesso plas are to be used oly as a guide ad teachers

More information

The following example will help us understand The Sampling Distribution of the Mean. C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 50 miles 84 miles 38 miles 120 miles 48 miles

The following example will help us understand The Sampling Distribution of the Mean. C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 50 miles 84 miles 38 miles 120 miles 48 miles The followig eample will help us uderstad The Samplig Distributio of the Mea Review: The populatio is the etire collectio of all idividuals or objects of iterest The sample is the portio of the populatio

More information

Confidence Intervals for One Mean with Tolerance Probability

Confidence Intervals for One Mean with Tolerance Probability Chapter 421 Cofidece Itervals for Oe Mea with Tolerace Probability Itroductio This procedure calculates the sample size ecessary to achieve a specified distace from the mea to the cofidece limit(s) with

More information

Section 7-3 Estimating a Population. Requirements

Section 7-3 Estimating a Population. Requirements Sectio 7-3 Estimatig a Populatio Mea: σ Kow Key Cocept This sectio presets methods for usig sample data to fid a poit estimate ad cofidece iterval estimate of a populatio mea. A key requiremet i this sectio

More information

ELETTROMECCANICA S.R.L.

ELETTROMECCANICA S.R.L. ELETTROMECNI S.R.L. MOTORI ASINCRONI SINLE PHASE - MONOFASE Series EMBP-Low Startig Torque Sigle-Phase Motors 0Volt (Permaet Capacitor) E.M. sigle speed asychroous sigle-phase motors of stadard costructio

More information

HCL Dynamic Spiking Protocol

HCL Dynamic Spiking Protocol ELI LILLY AND COMPANY TIPPECANOE LABORATORIES LAFAYETTE, IN Revisio 2.0 TABLE OF CONTENTS REVISION HISTORY... 2. REVISION.0... 2.2 REVISION 2.0... 2 2 OVERVIEW... 3 3 DEFINITIONS... 5 4 EQUIPMENT... 7

More information

Divide and Conquer, Solving Recurrences, Integer Multiplication Scribe: Juliana Cook (2015), V. Williams Date: April 6, 2016

Divide and Conquer, Solving Recurrences, Integer Multiplication Scribe: Juliana Cook (2015), V. Williams Date: April 6, 2016 CS 6, Lecture 3 Divide ad Coquer, Solvig Recurreces, Iteger Multiplicatio Scribe: Juliaa Cook (05, V Williams Date: April 6, 06 Itroductio Today we will cotiue to talk about divide ad coquer, ad go ito

More information

Inductive sensors. The metal detectors. Cubic housings from from Page 612 TYPICAL SENSOPART

Inductive sensors. The metal detectors. Cubic housings from from Page 612 TYPICAL SENSOPART Inductive sensors The metal detectors Cubic housings from from Page 6 Variety of housing sizes for numerous applications Plastic or metal housing options s from.5 mm to 5 mm Numerous connection possibilities,

More information

Capacitor banks, range. Capacitor banks, STD range. Three-phase measurement

Capacitor banks, range. Capacitor banks, STD range. Three-phase measurement N e w g e e r a t i o o f C I R C U T O R c a p a c i t o r b a k s Capacitor baks, rage Capacitor baks, STD rage Itelliget capacitor baks Three-phase measuremet Built-i etwork aalzer The qualit at the

More information

CHAPTER 3 The Simple Surface Area Measurement Module

CHAPTER 3 The Simple Surface Area Measurement Module CHAPTER 3 The Simple Surface Area Measuremet Module I chapter 2, the quality of charcoal i each batch might chage due to traditioal operatio. The quality test shall be performed before usig it as a adsorbet.

More information

CHAPTER 3 THE TIME VALUE OF MONEY

CHAPTER 3 THE TIME VALUE OF MONEY CHAPTER 3 THE TIME VALUE OF MONEY OVERVIEW A dollar i the had today is worth more tha a dollar to be received i the future because, if you had it ow, you could ivest that dollar ad ear iterest. Of all

More information

Improvement of Energy Efficiency in Power Electronics at Partial Load

Improvement of Energy Efficiency in Power Electronics at Partial Load Improvemet of ergy fficiecy i Power lectroics at Partial Load Klaus Muehlbauer, ieter Gerlig Istitute for lectrical rives ad Actuators, iversitaet der Budeswehr Mueche, Germay klaus.muehlbauer@uibw.de,

More information

Determining the sample size

Determining the sample size Determiig the sample size Oe of the most commo questios ay statisticia gets asked is How large a sample size do I eed? Researchers are ofte surprised to fid out that the aswer depeds o a umber of factors

More information

Fourier Series and the Wave Equation Part 2

Fourier Series and the Wave Equation Part 2 Fourier Series ad the Wave Equatio Part There are two big ideas i our work this week. The first is the use of liearity to break complicated problems ito simple pieces. The secod is the use of the symmetries

More information

An optimization approach to calculation of passive filter parameters based on particle swarm optimization

An optimization approach to calculation of passive filter parameters based on particle swarm optimization Europea Associatio for the Developmet of eewable Eergies, Eviromet ad Power Quality (EA4EPQ) Iteratioal Coferece o eewable Eergies ad Power Quality (ICEPQ ) Satiago de Compostela (Spai), 8th to 30th March,

More information

Domain 1: Designing a SQL Server Instance and a Database Solution

Domain 1: Designing a SQL Server Instance and a Database Solution Maual SQL Server 2008 Desig, Optimize ad Maitai (70-450) 1-800-418-6789 Domai 1: Desigig a SQL Server Istace ad a Database Solutio Desigig for CPU, Memory ad Storage Capacity Requiremets Whe desigig a

More information

Physics 6C Summer 2006 Homework 4 Solutions by Michael Gary

Physics 6C Summer 2006 Homework 4 Solutions by Michael Gary All problems are from the d editio of Walker. Numerical values are differet for each studet. ) Chapter 8 Problem 3: Moochromatic light passes through two slits separated by distace of 0.034 mm. If the

More information

ODBC. Getting Started With Sage Timberline Office ODBC

ODBC. Getting Started With Sage Timberline Office ODBC ODBC Gettig Started With Sage Timberlie Office ODBC NOTICE This documet ad the Sage Timberlie Office software may be used oly i accordace with the accompayig Sage Timberlie Office Ed User Licese Agreemet.

More information

Inductive Sensors Ø 18

Inductive Sensors Ø 18 Inductive Sensors Ø 8 IDUCTIVE SESORS COFORMIG TO AMUR RUES Two-wire sensors 5- VAC/VDC input ickel plated brass Shielded versions up to 5 mm ot shielded versions up to 8 mm ORDER CODES - Shielded ORDER

More information

Basic Measurement Issues. Sampling Theory and Analog-to-Digital Conversion

Basic Measurement Issues. Sampling Theory and Analog-to-Digital Conversion Theory ad Aalog-to-Digital Coversio Itroductio/Defiitios Aalog-to-digital coversio Rate Frequecy Aalysis Basic Measuremet Issues Reliability the extet to which a measuremet procedure yields the same results

More information

Refrigerant Distributors. February 2011 / BULLETIN 20-10

Refrigerant Distributors. February 2011 / BULLETIN 20-10 Refrigerat Distributors February 2011 / BULLETIN 20-10 WARNING USER RESPONSIBILITY Failure or improper selectio or improper use of the products described herei or related items ca cause death, persoal

More information

Lesson 17 Pearson s Correlation Coefficient

Lesson 17 Pearson s Correlation Coefficient Outlie Measures of Relatioships Pearso s Correlatio Coefficiet (r) -types of data -scatter plots -measure of directio -measure of stregth Computatio -covariatio of X ad Y -uique variatio i X ad Y -measurig

More information

Ekkehart Schlicht: Economic Surplus and Derived Demand

Ekkehart Schlicht: Economic Surplus and Derived Demand Ekkehart Schlicht: Ecoomic Surplus ad Derived Demad Muich Discussio Paper No. 2006-17 Departmet of Ecoomics Uiversity of Muich Volkswirtschaftliche Fakultät Ludwig-Maximilias-Uiversität Müche Olie at http://epub.ub.ui-mueche.de/940/

More information

Phase Shift Transformers Modelling

Phase Shift Transformers Modelling Phase Shift Trasformers Modellig ersio:.. CGMES v.. 8 May ENTSO-E ASBL Aveue de Cortebergh Brussels Belgium Tel + 7 9 5 Fax + 7 9 5 ifo@etsoe.eu www. etsoe.eu Phase Shift Trasformers Modellig Cotets Cotets....

More information

Chapter 6: Variance, the law of large numbers and the Monte-Carlo method

Chapter 6: Variance, the law of large numbers and the Monte-Carlo method Chapter 6: Variace, the law of large umbers ad the Mote-Carlo method Expected value, variace, ad Chebyshev iequality. If X is a radom variable recall that the expected value of X, E[X] is the average value

More information

Chapter 25. Waveforms

Chapter 25. Waveforms Chapter 5 Nosiusoidal Waveforms Waveforms Used i electroics except for siusoidal Ay periodic waveform may be expressed as Sum of a series of siusoidal waveforms at differet frequecies ad amplitudes 1 Waveforms

More information

IQ3 Web Enabled Controller

IQ3 Web Enabled Controller Data Sheet Web Eabled otroller Web Eabled otroller BAet is a trademark of ASHRAE. Descriptio The cotrollers are Buildig Maagemet System cotrollers that use Etheret ad TP/IP etworkig techologies; they are

More information

An antenna is a transducer of electrical and electromagnetic energy. electromagnetic. electrical

An antenna is a transducer of electrical and electromagnetic energy. electromagnetic. electrical Basic Atea Cocepts A atea is a trasducer of electrical ad electromagetic eergy electromagetic electrical electrical Whe We Desig A Atea, We Care About Operatig frequecy ad badwidth Sometimes frequecies

More information

9.8: THE POWER OF A TEST

9.8: THE POWER OF A TEST 9.8: The Power of a Test CD9-1 9.8: THE POWER OF A TEST I the iitial discussio of statistical hypothesis testig, the two types of risks that are take whe decisios are made about populatio parameters based

More information

Chair for Network Architectures and Services Institute of Informatics TU München Prof. Carle. Network Security. Chapter 2 Basics

Chair for Network Architectures and Services Institute of Informatics TU München Prof. Carle. Network Security. Chapter 2 Basics Chair for Network Architectures ad Services Istitute of Iformatics TU Müche Prof. Carle Network Security Chapter 2 Basics 2.4 Radom Number Geeratio for Cryptographic Protocols Motivatio It is crucial to

More information

Confidence Intervals and Sample Size

Confidence Intervals and Sample Size 8/7/015 C H A P T E R S E V E N Cofidece Itervals ad Copyright 015 The McGraw-Hill Compaies, Ic. Permissio required for reproductio or display. 1 Cofidece Itervals ad Outlie 7-1 Cofidece Itervals for the

More information

3. Continuous Random Variables

3. Continuous Random Variables Statistics ad probability: 3-1 3. Cotiuous Radom Variables A cotiuous radom variable is a radom variable which ca take values measured o a cotiuous scale e.g. weights, stregths, times or legths. For ay

More information

0.7 0.6 0.2 0 0 96 96.5 97 97.5 98 98.5 99 99.5 100 100.5 96.5 97 97.5 98 98.5 99 99.5 100 100.5

0.7 0.6 0.2 0 0 96 96.5 97 97.5 98 98.5 99 99.5 100 100.5 96.5 97 97.5 98 98.5 99 99.5 100 100.5 Sectio 13 Kolmogorov-Smirov test. Suppose that we have a i.i.d. sample X 1,..., X with some ukow distributio P ad we would like to test the hypothesis that P is equal to a particular distributio P 0, i.e.

More information