Gasification activities at ETC and Solander Science park

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1 Gasification activities at ETC and Solander Science park Magnus Marklund Managing Director ETC

2 This is ü Not-for-profit Research Foundation (Est.1989) ü Provides both Research and Consultancy ü Focus: Thermo-chemical conversion of biomass ü Service categories: Experiment, Computations & Investigations ü Customers: Academic institutes, Public agencies & Industry 2

3 ETC Vision Tomorrow s energy solutions for sustainable development 3

4 Erik Persson (Piteå Kommun) Gunnar Plym Forshell (Lst. BD) Ann-Britt Edfast (Sveaskog) ETC Board Johan Sterte (Luleå Univ. of Tech.) Sara Sundqvist (Smurfit Kappa) Magnus Berg (Vattenfall ) Managing Director Magnus Marklund* Marketing Manager Olov Öhrman* (Sen. Researcher) R&D Manager Henrik Wiinikka* (Sen. Researcher) Per Carlsson (Researcher) Fredrik Weiland (Research Eng.) Marcus Gullberg (Research Eng.) ETC STAFF Carola Grönberg (Research Eng.) A-C Johansson (Research Eng.) Roger Molinder (Research Eng.) ETC STAB Admin Coordinator Ulla Jonsson* (Sen. Admin.) Lab Coordinator Henry Hedman (Sen. Dev. Eng.) Esbjörn Pettersson (Research Eng.) Jonas Wennebro (Dev. Eng.) Calle Ylipää (Technician) * Part in management team 4

5 Location 5

6 Site view Smurfit Kappa Kraftliner Chemrec DP-1 (Hosted by ETC) Solander Science Park ETC Offices BioDME plant ETC - Gasification Centre 6

7 Research capabilities Pre-treatment & feeding Operation & Sampling Process modeling Conversion analyses Spray characterization Syngas upgrading 7

8 Potential in Sweden Today s use of forest feedstock in Sweden *Million tons dry biomass Source: Biomassaflöden i svensk skogsnäring 2004, Per Olov Nilsson. Rapport Skogsstyrelsen ISSN

9 Sustainability! RME Ethanol from wheat Ethanol from wood Synthetic diesel from wood km ha, yr Synthetic Diesel - black liquor DME / Methanol - wood Could replace ~45 % of today's fossiluse for transportation in Sweden by 2050! DME / Methanol - black liquor Source: Volvo AB 9

10 Climate effects! Utsläpp av växthusgaser (g CO2 eqv / km) Bränslen från kol Bensin & diesel DME från svartlut Bränslen från naturgas Etanol and biodiesel Total energi förbrukning (MJ / 100 km) Conventional gasoline Conventional diesel Biodiesel: Glycine as chemical Biodiesel: Glycine som animal feedstock Syndiesel: Coal Syndiesel: Natural gas Syndiesel: Cellulose Syndiesel: Black Liquor DME: Coal DME: Natural gas DME: Cellulose DME: Black Liquor EtOH: Wheat, straw CHP, DDGS as AF EtOH: Sugar Cane (Brasilien) EtOH: Vete, straw CHP, DDGS fuel EtOH: Cellulose EtOH: Wheat straw EtOH: Wheat,coal CHP, DDGS AF EtOH: Wheat, coal CHP, DDGS fuel EtOH: Wheat, NG GT+CHP, DDGS AF EtOH: Wheat, NG GT+CHP, DDGS fuel Biogas: MSW Biogas: Solid Manure Källa: EUCAR/CONCAWE/JRC 10

11 Kempestiftelsen ETC Gasification Centre IVAB Gasifier & MEVA VIPP Pilot 11

12 Direct biomass gasification IVAB Gasifier ü Pilot plant for direct gasification of biomass powder to syngas (CO + H 2 ) ü Situated in ETC Gasification Centre ü Based on the PEBG concept ü R&D perfomed by ETC and LTU ü Objective: To verify the technology concept for future commercialization 12

13 Driving forces A concept for shortest way from forest residue to valuable syngas! 13

14 PEBG Process Flare Lock hopper 1 Lock hopper 2 LPG Pilot flare FI Syngas flow meter Fuel feeder Inert (N2) Oxidant (O2/N2) Particulate sampling Gas analyses (FTIR/MicroGC) Cam TC Reactor TC Pressure regulator TC Quench spray registers TC TC Quench Quench water outlet Cooling water 14

15 PEBG Process development Start PFD Component Design Assembly Control System 1 st Heat up Pressurised O 2 gasification April 2009 Nov 2009 February 2010 May 2010 December 2010 April 2011 October

16 MEVA VIPP Pilot plant ü Pilot plant for direct gasification of biomass powder to fuel gas (HC+CO +H2) ü Situated in ETC Gasification Centre ü Project/Technology owner: MEVA Innovation ü 500 kw fuel effect ü Based on the Gasification cyclone concept ü Objective: Efficient process development via R&D experiments Energy Technology Centre 16

17 MEVA VIPP Pilot plant Flare Powder hopper Cyclone Syngas Air Piston Engine+ generator Bio Scrubber Wet Electrostatic precipitator Char Bio Oil 17

18 Driving forces ü Replace fossil based small scale CHP alternatives ü Great business opportunities in small scale CHP (<~30 MW) with simple technology ü Most of installed small scale systems deliver only heat and steam but no power. ü In Sweden there are 130 district heating providers at more then 580 locations 18

19 PRODUCTION OF PYROLYSIS OIL IN A CYCLONE REACTOR Vision Pyrolysis oil from biomass produced in a cyclone reactor is a renewable fuel that can be used as substitute for fossil fuels in furnaces, gas turbines and vehicles 19

20 What is pyrolysis oil Rapid heating to C Short residence time 2-3 s Rapid quenching to condense pyrolysis oil Separate particles Energy Technology Centre

21 Main components Reactor Venturi Scrubber Fuel silo Quench/Oil tank Feeder Char tank Ejector

22 POC at ETC 22

23 Test av 10 Volvo lastbilar Syntesgas från Chemrecs svartlutsförgasare à 4 ton DME / dygn Bio- DME European Project BioDME 7th Framework Programme 23

24 Field test Partners: 10 Volvo DME trucks in customer operakon Demonstrate and verify DME technology in real applicakons Planned yearly distance km per truck (average) Piteå Field test Stockholm Göteborg Jönköping European Project BioDME 7th Framework Programme 24

25 Thank you! 25

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