Agenda within BIO4ENERGY. Magnus Marklund (PhD) Managing Director

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1 ETC s Research and Development Agenda within BIO4ENERGY (PhD) Managing Director

2 This is ETC Nonprofit Foundation (Est.1989) and Professional service firm Provides both Research work and Consultancy Focus area: Thermo-chemical conversion of biomass Service categories: Tailor-made Experiments Advanced Computations In-depth Investigations Customers/Partners: Academia, Public agencies & Industry 2

3 Erik Persson (Piteå Kommun) Gunnar Plym Forshell (Lst. BD) Ann-Britt Edfast (Sveaskog) ETC Board Johan Sterte (Luleå Univ. of Tech.) Bo Johansson (Smurfit Kappa) Magnus Berg (Vattenfall) Managing Director * Marketing Manager Olov Öhrman* (Sr. Researcher) R&D Manager Henrik Wiinikka* ikk (Sr. Researcher) Per Carlsson (Researcher) Fredrik Weiland (Research Eng.) Marcus Gullberg (Research Eng.) ETC STAFF ETC STAB Admin Coordinator Ulla Jonsson* (Sr. Admin.) Lab Coordinator Henry Hedman (Sr. Dev. Eng.) Carola Grönberg (Research Eng.) Jonas Wennebro (Dev. Eng.) A-C Johansson (Research Eng.) Mattias Lundgren (Technician) Roger Molinder (Research Eng.) Calle Ylipää (Technician) Esbjörn Pettersson (Research Eng.) * Part in management team 3

4 Energy Usage in Sweden Industry 35% 24% Housing & services 17% 46% Transportation 5% 3% 37% 41% 92% 149 TWh 166 TWh 97 TWh Fossil Bio* Electricity** * ~1 %A Agricultural l based ** 90 % Hydro + Nuclear Source: Swedish Energy Agency

5 Our Challange: Sustainable Forestry 5

6 Biofuel R&D Initiatives at ETC site ETC C Co Combustion bust o Laboratory abo ato y (Combustion furnaces, pyrolysis oil) Solander Science Park (Business development) LTU Green Fuels ETC Gasification Centre (Fuel synthesis plant) (Pilot gasifiers) 6

7 BIO4ENERGY Biomass gasification Pyrolysis y oil Fuel conversion??? Hybrid conversion of biomass to chemicals Catalytic upgrading of pyrolysis oil Dependence of fractionation in biomass gasification 7 TO END SLIDES

8 PEBG Characterisation PEBG = Pressurized Entrained flow Biomass Gasification Owner: ETC Op. manager: Henry Hedman, ETC Research and process development activities Solid/liquid biomass => raw syngas bar Oxygen/steam/CO2 blown Daily operation 8

9 PEBG R&D Project PEBG = Pressurized Entrained flow Biomass Gasification Start PFD Component Design Assembly Control System 1 st Heat up Pressurised O 2 gasification Process R&D April Nov February May December April October August

10 PEBG Process Flare Lock Fuel hopper 1 Silo 1 Lock Fuel hopper 2 Silo 2 LPG Pilot flare FI Syngas flow meter Fuel feeder Inert (N2) Oxidant (O2/N2) Particulate sampling Gas analyses (FTIR/MicroGC) Cam TC Reactor TC Gas sampling Pressure regulator TC Quench spray registers TC TC Quench Quench water outlet Cooling water Quench water sampling 10

11 PEBG Progress IP-owner: BioGreen AB On-going research on process characterisation Performed trials on saw dust, torrefied wood, bark, pyrolysis oil, lignin Reference paper: Weiland et al. Energy & Fuels 27 (2013) Acknowledgements to PEBG Consortium and funders: 11

12 Characterisation of ETC-POC pilot POC = Pyrolysis Oil Cyclone Owner: ETC Op. manager: Henrik Wiinikka, ETC Research and process development activities + production Solid biomass => Pyrolysis oil/char 0.2 MWth Nitrogen blown Daily operation 12

13 Aim with pyrolysis oil Feedstock variety Applications POC Pyrolysis oil Proper production of pyrolysis oil from biomass is a renewable fuel that can be utilized in a wide range of different applications. 13

14 Example: resulted pyrolysis oil Light fraction Heavy fraction Light fraction Heavy fraction C (wt%) H( wt%) O (wt%) N (wt%) < Effective heating value (MJ/kg)

15 ETC-DTF initial experiments Verification trail with powder at differnt oxygen concentrations 15

16 ETC-DTF initial experiments Sampling ash forming particulates and fumes 16

17 ETC-DTF simulations (OpenFoam) Centerline gas composition Centerline dispersion Particle temperature and CH 4 field CO 2 volume plot Centerline and particle temperature Outlet gas composition

18 ETC-DTF CFD animation 18

19 Hybrid Bio-Thermal conversion Gasification Syngas Fermentation Raw Fuel Purification (c.f. CH 3 CH 2 OH 19

20 Catalytic upgrading of pyrolysis oil Pyrolysis Upgrading g Bio-Oil Raw Products Purification High value chemicals or diesel 20

21 Dependence on fractionation Fuel preparation Bio-Powder Characterisation Fuel specification Gasification Syngas 21

22 Partner Networks LTU Biosyngas Program NORD-SYNGAS 22

23 Recent Publications 1(3) Öhrman, O.G.W., et al. Pressurized Oxygen Blown Entrained Flow Gasification of a Biorefinery Lignin Residue. Fuel Processing Technology 115 (2013) Öhrman, O.G.W., et al. Dewatering of biomass using liquid Bio Dimethyl Ether. Accepted for publication in Drying Technology (2013). Weiland, F. et al. Pressurized oxygen blown entrained-flow gasification of wood powder. Energy & Fuels 27 (2013) Wiinikka, H. et al. Emissions of heavy metals during fixed-bed combustion of six biomass fuels. Energy & Fuels 27 (2013) Carlsson, P. et al. High-speed imaging g of biomass particles heated with a laser. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis (2013) In Press. Nordgren, D. et al. Ash transformations in pulverised fuel co-combustion of straw and woody biomass. Fuel Processing Technology 105 (2013) (See further 23

24 Recent Publications 2(3) Gullberg, M., et al. Spray characterization of twin fluid external mix atomization of pyrolysis oil. Atomization and Sprays 22 (2012) Öhrman, O. et al. Analysis of trace components in synthesis gas generated by black liquor gasification. Fuel 102 (2012) Eriksson, D. et al. Characterization of Scots pine stump-root biomass as feed-stock for gasification. Bioresource Technology 104 (2012) Häggström, C. et al. Catalytic methanol synthesis via black liquor gasification. Fuel Processing Technology ogy 94 (2012) Lycksam, H. et al. High-speed interferometric measurement and visualization of the conversion of a black liquor droplet during laser heating. Optics in Lasers and Engineering 50 (2012) Wiinikka, H. et al. R. Experimental investigation of an industrial scale black liquor gasifier. Part 2: Influence of quench operation on product gas composition. Fuel 93 (2012) (See further 24

25 Recent Publications 3(3) Carlsson, P. et al. Computational fluid dynamics simulations of raw gas composition from a black liquor gasifier comparison with experiments. Energy & Fuels 25 (2011) Gebart, B.R. et al. Recent advances in the understanding of pressurized black liquor gasification. Cellulose Chemistry and Technology 45 (2011) Boman, C. et al. Stove performance and emission characteristics in residential wood log and pellet combustion, Part 1: Pellet stoves. Energy & Fuels 25 (2011) Pettersson, E. et al. Stove performance and emission characteristics in residential wood log and pellet combustion, o Part 2: Wood stove. Energy egy& Fuels 25( (2011) ) (See further 25

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