The Swedish Centre for Biomass Gasification. Rikard Gebart, Luleå University of Technology and ETC

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1 The Swedish Centre for Biomass Gasification Rikard Gebart, Luleå University of Technology and ETC

2 The Swedish Centre for Biomass Gasification Competence centre funded by the Swedish Energy Agency, Industry and academia Three host universities (LTU, KTH, Chalmers) Coordinated by LTU In total 23 companies, 9 universities and 2 institutes Initial budget 58.5 million SEK for a two year start-up period Annual budget 58.5 million SEK/year for the coming 8 years

3 Use of forest feedstock in Sweden An additional 70 TWh/year can be sustainably harvested This can be converted into motor fuels that can replace app. 45% of current use of gasoline and diesel *Million tons dry biomass Source: Biomassaflöden i svensk skogsnäring 2004, Per Olov Nilsson. Rapport Skogsstyrelsen ISSN

4 Motivation for the start of a competence centre Gasification of wood from the forest can efficiently be converted into motor fuels, chemicals or electric power Improved security of supply and fulfillment of environmental and political commitments However, perceived or real technical and economical risks are slowing down development Lack of competent people can become a problem when the development speed picks up

5 Swedish gasification projects 2011 Härnösand Wood 150 kwth DME Hagfors Wood 107 MWth ton/y Methanol Kumla Wood 300 MWth(?) Methanol, SNG Gbg Göteborg Wood MWth SNG Göteborg pilot Wood 4 MWth Värö Bark 32 MWth Fuel substitution lime kiln Skåne Wood 200 MWth SNG (green = existing gasifier; = fuel demo project) Piteå pilot Black liquor 3 MWth DME 4 ton/day Piteå pilot Forest residue 1 MWth Piteå pilot Wood pellets 500 kwth Hortlax demo Wood pellets 4 MWth CHP 1 MWel Övik demo Black liquor 200 MWth DME/MeOH 280 ton/day Stockholm pilot Wood 800 kwth, CHP Värnamo Wood 18 MWth

6 Scope of research within SFC Air ASU O 2 Black Liquor Pretreatment/grin ding Entrained flow Gasification Pressurizing Wood Drying Direct fluidized bed gasification Primary gas cleaning Secondary gas cleaning Synthesis process Products Dual Bed Gasification Pressurizing

7 Three gasification technologies have been selected Entrained flow high quality syngas, simple(r) gas cleaning but some material issues Fluidised bed gasification simple(r) pretreatment but more complex gas cleaning Indirect gasification simple(r) pretreatment, syngas suitable for SNG but more complex gas cleaning All have advantages and drawbacks depending on application

8 Goals for SFC Identify and fill knowledge gaps that are blocking commercial development Generate new competence through applied PhD and MSc projects Strengthen and coordinate Swedish R&D Create a national network for knowledge transfer and problem solving

9 The Swedish Centre for Biomass Gasification (SFC) Scientific Advisory Board SFC board Coordinator (Rikard Gebart) Management group (coord, node leaders) Area coordinator 1 (Henrik Wiinikka) Area coordinator 2 (Klas Engvall) Area coordinator 3 (Henrik Thunman) Bio4Gasification (Entrained flow gasification) CDGB (Fluidised bed gasification) CIGB (Twin bed gasification)

10 Conclusions About 45% of the Swedish consumption of gasoline and diesel can be replaced with synthetic fuels from the forest Strong research effort on three biomass gasification principles Entrained flow Fluidised bed Dual bed Many exciting projects are planned, but many hurdles, both technical and political, must be overcome

11 Thank you!

12 The Bio4Gasification node Technology focus: Entrained flow Pilot scale experiments Black liquor gasification 3 MW Entrained flow gasification of powdered fuels 1 MW Vortex gasification of powdered fuels 0.5 MW Gas cleaning Modeling and Process development Experiment in demo plants when they become available Vortex gasification for CHP 4 MW (1 MW el) Black liquor gasification + methanol/dme 200 MW (Domsjö) Black liquor gasification + methanol m 3 /year (Vallvik)

13 Planned projects Black liquor gasification Pressurised EF gasification UP1: Thermo chemistry X X X UP2: Fuel conversion X X X experiments UP3: Modeling X X X UP4: Interaction with X X X containment materials AP1: Feeding, reactivity X X and ash behavior AP2: Optimization of X X entrained flow reactors AP3: Process control X X X AP4: Cyclone gasification X PP1: Gas cleaning (X) (X) X PP2: --- PP3: --- PP4: --- Cyclone gasification

14 Pilot scale experiments in Piteå 16 bar steam Black liquor 3 MW flare 1 MW flare ETC Gasification Centre Nitrogen Oxygen Chemrec DP-1

15 The Centre for Direct Gasification node Technology focus: Fluidised bed gasification Pilot scale experiments 3 fixed bed gasifiers 0.5 MW Lab scale fluidised bed gasifier Modeling and Process development Experiments in demo plants when they become available Värnamo? Mälarenergi?

16 Planned projects P r o j e c t s Gasification and cleaning Separation and catalytic upgrading Process technology Projekt 1 (MDH) Gasification systems for SNG and combustion Projekt 2 (KTH) Gasification systems for syngas production Projekt 3 (LNU) Process control, monitoring and chemical analysis

17 Study steps Continuous updraft nonslag HTAG Batch type downdraft slag HTAG Continuous downdraft slag HTAG

18 The Centre for Indirect Gasification node Technology focus: Dual bed gasification Pilot scale experiments 3 MW dual bed gasifier 150 kw dual bed gasifier Chemical looping reforming reactor Modeling and Process development Experiments in demo plants when they become available Gobigas demo 1 for SNG 20 MW Gobigas demo 2 for SNG 80 MW

19 Modellering och utvärdering av den indirekta förgasningsprocessen Reaktorutveckling / fluiddynamik Experimentell processutvärdering Gasrening och restproduktshantering Grundläggande omvandlingsprocesser Diagnostik Planned projects Projekt 1 Projektledare: David Pallares 1.a 2.a Projekt 2 Projektledare: Martin Seemann Projekt 3 Projektledare: Britt-Marie Steenari Projekt 4 Projektledare: Wennan Zhang Projekt 5 Projektledare: Henrik Leion Projekt 6 Projektledare: Nicolas Berguerand Projekt 7 Projektledare: Kent Davidsson 3.a, 3.b 6.b 3.b 4.d 3.c 4.c 4.a 4.b 5.a 5.b 6.a

20 Biogas production via gasification - RD&D Chalmers 2-4 MW pilotanläggning GoBiGas fas 1 Hisingen 20 MW SNG demonstrationsanläggning Göteborg Energi och E.ON GoBiGas fas 2 Hisingen 80 MW SNG Kommersiell anläggning Gbg Energi ev. E.On Chalmers labreaktor

21 Background Swedish political decisions: >50% of the total energy supply from renewables by % of the transport energy from renewables by % reduction of GHG emissions by 2020 (compared to 1990) Vehicle fleet independent of fossil fuels by 2030 European level political decisions: 20% reduction of GHG emissions 20% of the energy supply from renewable sources 20% reduction of energy consumption

22 Background Biomass gasification has a long tradition in Sweden Gengas for vehicles Black liquor gasification (Ortviken, Frövi, Skoghall, Piteå, ) Fluidised bed gasification (Värö, Studsvik, Värnamo, ) Dual bed gasification (Chalmers, ) Thermochemical conversion of biomass High efficiency Fuel flexible Multiple products Good fit for Sweden availability of feedstock and competence to meet national and EU targets

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