Pioneering Energy Solutions for Sustainable Development! ETC Presentation 2013

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1 Pioneering Energy Solutions for Sustainable Development! 1

2 This is ETC Not-for-profit Research Foundation (Est.1989) Provides Research work and Professional services Focus area: Thermo-chemical conversion of biomass Service categories: Tailor-made Experiments Advanced Computations In-depth Investigations Customers/Partners: Academia, Public agencies & Industry 2

3 Erik Persson (Piteå Kommun) Gunnar Plym Forshell (Lst. BD) Ann-Britt Edfast (Sveaskog) ETC Board Johan Sterte (Luleå Univ. of Tech.) Sara Sundqvist (Smurfit Kappa) Magnus Berg (Vattenfall ) Managing g Director Magnus Marklund* Marketing Manager Olov Öhrman* (Sen. Researcher) R&D Manager Henrik Wiinikka* (Sen. Researcher) Per Carlsson (Researcher) Fredrik Weiland (Research Eng.) Marcus Gullberg (Research Eng.) ETC STAFF Carola Grönberg (Research Eng.) A-C Johansson (Research Eng.) Roger Molinder (Research Eng.) ETC STAB Admin Coordinator Ulla Jonsson* (Sen. Admin.) Lab Coordinator Henry Hedman (Sen. Dev. Eng.) Esbjörn Pettersson (Research Eng.) Jonas Wennebro (Dev. Eng.) Calle Ylipää (Technician) *P Part tin management tteam 3

4 ETC Location 4

5 General Capabilities Pre-treatment & feeding Sampling & Diagnostics Process modeling Product analyses Spray characterization Syngas upgrading 5

6 Biofuel R&D Initiatives at ETC site ETC Combustion Laboratory (Combustion furnaces, pyrolysis oil) LTU Green Fuels (Fuel synthesis plant) ETC Gasification Centre (Pilot gasifiers) 9

7 Site Infrastructure: PEBG pilot PEBG = Pressurized Entrained flow Biomass Gasification Owner: ETC Op. manager: Henry Hedman, ETC Research and process development activities Solid/liquid biomass => raw syngas bar Oxygen/steam/CO2 blown Daily operation 11 BACK TO OVERVIEW

8 Site Infrastructure: POC pilot POC = Pyrolysis Oil Cyclone Owner: ETC Op. manager: Henrik Wiinikka, ETC Research and process development activities Solid biomass => Pyrolysis oil/char 0.2 MWth Nitrogen blown Daily operation 15 BACK TO OVERVIEW

9 Site Infrastructure: CTR setup CTR = Catalyst Test Rig Owner: LTU-ETC Op. manager: Olov Öhrman, ETC Research activities Syngas => MeOH ~10 ml/h Daily and continuous operation 16 BACK TO OVERVIEW

10 Site Infrastructure: VAFF VAFF = Vertical Atmospheric Flexi-fuel Furnace Owner: ETC Op. manager: Per Carlsson, ETC Research and process development activities Solid/liquid biomass Two stage combustion chamber 0.2 MWth Air blown Daily operation 17 BACK TO OVERVIEW

11 Site Infrastructure: HICK HICK = Horizontal Industrialized Combustion Kiln Owner: ETC Site manager: Henry Hedman, ETC Process development activities Solid/liquid feedstock 0.2 MWth Air blown Daily operation 18 BACK TO OVERVIEW

12 Site Infrastructure: PSTR PSTR = Pressurised Spray Test Rig Owner: ETC Site manager: Magnus Marklund, ETC Research and process development activities Vessel inner diameter: 500 mm Pressures up to15 barg 4 optical access ports Flexible nozzle connection 3 nitrogen streams availbale (40 bar) High speed photography Spray characterisation by PDA 19 BACK TO OVERVIEW

13 Site Infrastructure: Analysis Owner: ETC Conventional flue gas instruments: THC, NO, NOx, CO, CO2, SO2, O2 GC for analysis of syngas with high concentrations of H2S, polutions in the syngas and bi-products (methanol, DME, ethanol) GC for specification of HC: methan hexan, soluable matters and some sulphur compounds GC-MS for tars Micro-GC with TCD (E.g.: H2, O2, N2, CO, CH4, C2H2, C2H4, C2H6, H2S and methylmercaptane) Total sulfur analysis instrument based on UV-Fluorescens Karl Fischer titrator for analysis of water in liquids or gases Particulate matter: DLPI and ELPI 22 BACK TO OVERVIEW

14 Partner Networks LTU Biosyngas Program NORD-SYNGAS 26

15 Recent Publications 1(2) Weiland, F. et al. Pressurized oxygen blown entrained-flow gasification of wood powder. Energy & Fuels 27 (2013) Wiinikka, H. et al. Emissions of heavy metals during fixed-bed combustion of six biomass fuels. Energy & Fuels 27 (2013) Nordgren, D. et al. Ash transformations in pulverised fuel co-combustion of straw and woody biomass. Fuel Processing Technology 105 (2013) Carlsson, P. et al. High-speed imaging of biomass particles heated with a laser. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis (2013) In Press. Öhrman, O. et al. Analysis s of trace components in synthesis s gas generated e by black liquor gasification. Fuel 102 (2012) Eriksson, D. et al. Characterization of Scots pine stump-root biomass as feed-stock for gasification. Bioresource Technology 104 (2012) Häggström, C. et al. Catalytic methanol synthesis via black liquor gasification. Fuel Processing Technology 94 (2012)

16 Recent Publications 2(2) Öhrman, O. et al. Analysis of trace components in synthesis gas generated by black liquor gasification. Fuel 102 (2012) Eriksson, D. et al. Characterization of Scots pine stump-root biomass as feed-stock for gasification. Bioresource Technology 104 (2012) Häggström, C. et al. Catalytic methanol synthesis via black liquor gasification. Fuel Processing Technology 94 (2012) Lycksam, H. et al. High-speed interferometric measurement and visualization of the conversion of a black liquor droplet during laser heating. Optics in Lasers and Engineering 50 (2012) Wiinikka, H. et al. R. Experimental e investigation of an industrial scale black liquor gasifier. Part 2: Influence of quench operation on product gas composition. Fuel 93 (2012) Carlsson, P. et al. Computational fluid dynamics simulations of raw gas composition from a black liquor gasifier comparison with experiments. Energy & Fuels 25 (2011) (See further 28

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