ITALIA GENERAL INFORMATION

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1 Andrea Penasa Daniele Pasini Davide Boscaro Tommaso Marchesini ITALIA GENERAL INFORMATION Area: km 2 Inhabitants: 59,7 million 20 Regions 24 Natural Parks Composition: Mountain 33,5% Hill 41,6% Flat 23,2% Density: 200,03 inhab/km 2 Roma, Capital: 2.7 million Milano: 1.4 million Napoli: 1 million 1

2 ITALY THE GREAT BEAUTY MOUNTAINS 2

3 HILLS FLAT AREAS 3

4 SEAS CITIES AND MONUMENTS 4

5 THE ITALIAN PRIDE FOODS 5

6 WINES THE ITALIAN FAIL 6

7 ITALIAN AGRICULTURE ROLE OF AGRICULTURE IN ITALY Gross Domestic Product (GDP): 2% of total GDP (1 wine, 2 mais, 3 oil and 4 tomato) Millions euro Number of employees (71% man) Surface 12 M Ha, 45% of total in the south Average enterprises size 7,5 Ha 7

8 THE MAIN CROPS Cereals: Wheat, Corn, Barley, Rice Industrial crops: Soybean, Sugar beetroot, Sunflower Horticulture: Tomatoes, Potatoes, Watermelon, Melon, Chicory, Lettuce Arboriculture: Grapes, Olives, Peaches, Apples, Pears, Oranges, Lemons SOMETHING GOOD Quality of products Certifications PGI: protected geographical indication PDO: protected denomination of origin TSG: traditional Specialities Guaranteed 0 km Organic agriculture Respect of envinronment: Preservation of soil Preservation of biodiversity Preservation of natural resourses 8

9 BUT ALSO PROBLEMS REDUCTION OF ARABLE LAND - Expansion of forests (2-3 million hectares under natural conversion to forests 1950 = 5.5 M hectares 2000 = 10.4 M hectares) 9

10 LACK OF YOUNG WORKERS In Italy the most part of farms are conducted by old people (average=59 years old); but the lack of turnover is a serious problem in all Europe. And, as always NEEDS OF FINANCE TO START THE BUSINESS!!! MOVEMENT FROM RURAL AREAS TO CITIES 10

11 FRAGMENTATION AND SMALL AGRICULTURAL SURFACE SOLUTIONS!! The economic crisis lead young people to start new rural activities PSR and CAP ISMEA (a public economic body that gives information, finances and help at national level for agricultural enterprises, facilitating the turnover) New marketing strategies: more certifications and promotion of the quality 11

12 VENETO TRENTINO LOMBARDIA AGRICULTURE IN TRENTINO Wine Alpine livestock Fruits small fruits APPLE 12

13 IMPORTANCE OF APP LEORCHARDS ITALY: European Leader (15%) T-AA Region: Italian Leader (66%) MAIN TYPES OF APPLES: Golden Delicious Stark Delicious Renetta Canada CULTIVATION OF APPLE ORCHARD Small enterprises (avarage surface < 2 ha) Agriculture consortiums and cooperatives (MELINDA) Research centre FEM - Edmund Mach Fundation CIF Fruits Innovation Centre Public administration (APOT) finances 13

14 MELINDA PDO Mela della Val di Non 4000 farmers Area: 6500 ha 16 cooperatives Melinda Production: tons Main functions: Cultivation: protocoll of integrated productions Quality controll Conservation of the frutis Management Trade and marketing (export) FEM and CIF Researching centre Sustinable conservation Genetic improvement Irrigation and fertilization (sustinability) Istruction High school High professional courses Tecnological support centre Information Communication for biological control Pollution planning Defence of soil and natural resources Reducing energetic consumption 14

15 HORTICULTURE IN VENETO HORTICULTURE Veneto is one of the most important region in Italy for the production of vegetables The most cultivated vegetables are: 1. Chicory (8400 ha) 2. Potato (3300 ha) 3. Tomatoes (2500 ha) ha cultivate in vegetables Link with territory (Chicory, Asparagus ) 15

16 CHICORY Production of leaves Varieties: 1. Treviso Chicory 2. Chioggia Chicory 3. Castelfranco Chicory 4. Verona Chicory PGI brand LATE TREVISO CHICORY (PGI) «Flower of the winter» Treviso province Whitening using groundwater which gives the specific flavour to the chicory Typical dishes with this vegetable (rice with chicory) 16

17 BASSANO WHITE ASPARAGUS (PDO) Multiannual plant Production of shoots (white or green) 1650 ha, especially in Verona, Padova and Treviso provinces March to May Bassano (a small town at the teeth of the mountain) Sweet-sour flavour It is PDO product HORTICULTURE IN VENICE Sant Erasmo island Artichoke of Sant Erasmo: colour and shape 17

18 NATURAL PARK OF LESSINIA Located on the north east of Verona, in Veneto, it is a very important area from environmental, social and economical point of view. PRODUCTS The main activities conduced in the area are: Pasture: cows for the production of milk and cheese (Monte Veronese); Agriculture: chestnut are a very important culture, for the production of fruit and second handled products; 18

19 Wine: as in a lot of part of Italy this is an important product for the area The natural park is rich in species and it is an environment rich in biodiversity also for the great amount of agriculture activities carried out. AGRICULTURE IN LOMBARDIA AND IN THE REGION OF GARDA LAKE 19

20 THE MAIN PRODUCTS Cheese (Grana Padano, Gorgonzola) Meat (salami Milano) THE REGION OF GARDA LAKE The climate of this region is typically mediterranean and so the main crops are: olive tree vineyards lemons cedars 20

21 GARDA OLIVE OIL (PDO) the cultivation of olive tree in the region of Garda lake started during the roman empire Garda olive oil is the oil produced most northerly in the world in this region the olive trees are not damaged by typical enemies (insects) that live in the olive groves ORGANOLEPTIC CHARACTERISTICS Colour: green-gold intense for the high content of clorophyll Parfume: delicate, fruity with the sensation of sweet almond Flavor: fruity (artichoke, almond, aromatic herbs) and some notes of bitter and spicy 21

22 GRAZIE MILLE 22

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