Member States Factsheets I T A L Y CONTENTS. Main figures - Year inhabitants Area km 2

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1 January 2015 Member States Factsheets I T A L Y CONTENTS Main figures KEY DATA 2. POPULATION & ECONOMY 3. FINANCIAL ASPECTS 4. ECONOMIC ACCOUNTS 5. AGRICULTURAL TRADE 6. FARM STRUCTURE Population (1 st January) Main figures - Year inhabitants Area km 2 Currency Nominal GDP at current prices GDP per capita at current prices GDP per capita at purchasing power Harmonised index of consumer prices Unemployment rate Exports (goods and services) Imports (goods and services) Exports of agricultural products Imports of agricultural products Current account balance General government balance General government gross debt EUR Euro billion EUR EUR PPS 0.2 annual % change 12.6% of labour force billion EUR billion EUR 33.6 billion EUR 37.2 billion EUR 1.5% of GDP -3.0% of GDP 132.2% of GDP Sources: European Commission, Eurostat, COMEXT, Directorate General for Economic and Financial Affairs. Updated: November Agriculture and Rural Development

2 1. KEY DATA Population (new European Commission methodology) Macroeconomics Total population (000 inhabitants), of which: % of EU-28 in predominantly rural regions (PR) % 22.6% in EU-28 in intermediate regions % 34.9% in EU-28 in predominantly urban regions % 42.5% in EU-28 Rural population in PR regions (000 inhabitants) % of EU-28 GDP In EUR (current prices): Million EUR % of EU-28 GDP per capita GDP per capita (PPS) (EU-28=100) Real GDP growth rate (% change on previous year) % 1.3% in EU-28 Gross value added Agriculture, hunting and fishing (% of total GVA) % 1.7% in EU-27 Agricultural expenditure Financial aspects Total expenditure (million EUR), of which: % of EU-27 Direct payments (%) % 68.0% in EU-27 Market measures (%) % 7.7% in EU-27 Rural development (%) % 24.3% in EU-27 Agricultural output Economic accounts of agriculture % of EU-28 Agricultural goods output (million EUR), of which: % Crop output, of which: % 13.1% Vegetables and horticultural products % 16.9% Fruits % 21.4% Wine % 23.9% Animal output, of which: % 9.9% Milk % 8.4% Cattle % 10.7% Pigs % 8.4% Gross value added at basic prices (million EUR) % Agricultural input Total intermediate consumption (million EUR) Agricultural income % of EU % in EU-28 Indicator A (% change over previous year) % -1.4% Holdings Farm structure Total (No), of which: % of EU-28 UAA < 2 ha (%) % 49.1% in EU-28 Economic size < % 44.6% in EU-28 Holder < 35 years (%) % 7.5% in EU-28 Holder > 64 years (%) % 29.7% in EU-28 UAA per holding (has) in EU-28 Labour force (in holdings of more than 2 hectares) Persons (No), of which: % of EU-28 Women (%) % 39.5% in EU-28 Holders (%) % 40.8% in EU-28 Agriculture in % of total employment % 5.1% in EU-28 Sources: European Commission, Directorate General for Agriculture and Rural Development and Eurostat. Updated: January

3 2. POPULATION AND ECONOMY Importance of rural areas Year 2013 (*Year 2011) Territory (km 2 ) Population (1 000 inhabitants) GVA* (Million EUR) Employment (1 000 persons) Predominantly Rural regions (PR) Intermediate Regions (IR) Predominantly Urban regions (PU) Total Source: European Commission, Directorate General for Agriculture and Rural Development, CAP context indicator update % 13% 80% 36% 40% 32% 60% 42% 40% 43% 42% 44% 20% 0% 45% 20% 18% 24% % Territory % Population % GVA % Employment Predominantly Rural Intermediate regions Predominantly Urban Source: European Commission, Directorate General for Agriculture and Rural Development, CAP context indicator update Economic forecast Indicators f GDP In million EUR Per capita (in PPS) Annual % change GDP growth (at constant prices) GDP deflator Harmonised index of consumer prices Exports (goods and services) Imports (goods and services) % of total employment Unemployment rate As % of GDP Trade balance Current account balance General government balance General government gross debt Source: European Commission, Directorate General for Economic and Financial Affairs, European Economic Forecast Autumn Eurostat. Updated: October

4 3.1. AGRICULTURE: FINANCIAL ASPECTS CAP expenditure Measures 2013 Total EUR % Decoupled direct aids % 88.9% Other direct aids % 10.4% Additional amounts of aid % 0.8% Direct payments % 100.0% Cereals % -1.4% Rice % 0.0% Refunds on non-annex I products % 0.6% Food programmes % 11.9% Sugar % -0.1% Olive oil % 3.9% Textile plants % 0.0% Fruit and vegetables % 26.4% Wine sector % 38.2% Promotion % 1.0% Other plant products/measures % 2.6% Milk and milk products % -1.1% Beef and veal % 0.2% Sheepmeat and goatmeat % 0.0% Pigmeat, eggs, poultry and other % 1.3% Sugar Restructuring Fund - 2.4% 16.4% Market measures % 100.0% Rural development % 100.0% TOTAL % - Note: Payments for direct payments and market measures; commitment payments for rural development. Sources: European Commission, Directorate General for Agriculture and Rural Development ( EAGF Financial Reports) and Commission Decision 2010/236/EU. Updated: October Distribution of CAP expenditure ( ) 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% 21% 24% 18% 8% 15% 8% 48% 6% 64% 68% 73% 46% Italy EU-27 EU-15 EU-12 Direct payments Market measures Rural development 4

5 3.2. AGRICULTURE: FINANCIAL ASPECTS Distribution of direct aids to the producers (Financial year 2013) 45% Indicative figures on the distribution of direct aid by size-class of aid (1 000 EUR) 40% 35% 30% 25% 20% 15% 10% 5% 0% 0 - < < <2 2 - <5 5 - < < < < < < < < <500 >=500 Beneficiaries Payments Size-class of aid (all direct payments) Financial year 2013 Beneficiaries Payments in EUR x % of total x % of total < % % 0 and < % % 500 and < % % and < % % and < % % and < % % and < % % and < % % and < % % and < % % and < % % and < % % and < % % and < % % % % Total % % Source: European Commission, Directorate General for Agriculture and Rural Development, Report on the distribution of direct aids to the producers (financial year 2013), August Note: In order to protect the anonymity of the beneficiaries, numbers less than 10 have been made invisible in this table. 5

6 4.1. AGRICULTURE: ECONOMIC ACCOUNTS Agricultural output Output components Million EUR Million EUR % of total % of EU-28 Cereals: Wheat and spelt Rye and meslin Barley Oats and summer cereal mixtures Grain maize Rice Other cereals Industrial crops: Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits Protein crops Raw tobacco Sugar beet Other industrial crops Forage plants Vegetables and horticultural products Potatoes Fruits Wine Olive oil Other crop products Crop output Animals: Cattle Pigs Equines Sheep and goats Poultry Other animals Animal products: Milk Eggs Other animal products Animal output Agricultural goods output Gross value added at basic prices Source: Eurostat, Economic Accounts for Agriculture (values at current producer prices). Updated: December

7 4.2. AGRICULTURE: ECONOMIC ACCOUNTS Agricultural input Input components / /13 Million EUR % change Seeds and planting stock Energy Fertilisers and soil improvers Plant protection products Veterinary expenses Feedingstuffs Maintenance of materials Maintenance of buildings Agricultural services Other goods and services Total intermediate consumption Fixed capital consumption Source: Eurostat, Economic Accounts for Agriculture (values at current basic prices). Updated: December Agricultural income Values at basic prices Output of the agricultural "industry": / /13 Million EUR % change Crop output Animal output: Animals Animal products Agricultural services Secondary activities Intermediate consumption = Gross value added at basic prices Consumption of fixed capital Taxes Subsidies = Factor income Agricultural income* (2005=100) Source: Eurostat, Economic Accounts for Agriculture (values at current basic prices; constant prices for *Indicator A - see definition on page 9). Updated: December

8 4.3. AGRICULTURE: ECONOMIC ACCOUNTS Output components ( average) Wine. 9.7% Cattle. 8.0% Fruits. 11.8% Cereals. 6.9% Milk. 12.4% Pigs. 6.6% Poultry. 5.4% Vegetables and horticultural products. 22.0% Other. 4.1% Olive oil. 4.1% Forage plants. 3.8% Eggs. 2.2% Industrial crops. 1.7% Potatoes. 1.2% Source: Eurostat, Economic Accounts for Agriculture (values at constant producer prices). Updated: December Intermediate consumption ( average) Feedingstuffs. 35.8% Other goods and services. 16.3% Agricultural services. 11.2% Energy. 11.1% Other. 7.9% Maintenance of buildings. 1.6% Plant protection products. 3.5% Maintenance of materials. 3.7% Veterinary expenses. 3.5% Fertilisers and soil improvers. 5.3% Source: Eurostat, Economic Accounts for Agriculture (values at constant basic prices). Updated: December

9 4.4. AGRICULTURE: ECONOMIC ACCOUNTS Evolution of agricultural labour input Non-salaried (1000 AWU) Salaried (1000 AWU) Source: Eurostat. Updated: December Evolution of agricultural income (*) compared to wages and salaries in other sectors of the economy Agricultural income (Indicator A) Wages and salary index - Construction Wages and salary index - Industry Wages and salary index - Services Source: Eurostat. Updated: December (*) The so-called indicator A is the real net value added at factor cost of agriculture per annual work unit (AWU). The net value added at factor cost (factor income) is calculated by subtracting the consumption of fixed capital from gross value added at basic prices and adding the value of subsidies less taxes. The AWU is defined as the work volume corresponding to one full-time employed worked. 9

10 4.5. AGRICULTURE: ECONOMIC ACCOUNTS Evolution of agricultural input and output prices Input prices (intermediate consumption) Output prices Source: Eurostat. Updated: January Evolution of harmonized indexes of consumer prices All items Food Source: Eurostat. Updated: May

11 5.1. AGRICULTURAL TRADE Agricultural trade in 2013 By category of product Exports Total trade Trade with EU countries Trade with non-eu countries Million EUR Million EUR % change 2013/2012 Million EUR % change 2013/2012 Commodities % % Intermediate % % Final products % % Other products % % Total agricultural products % % as % of total exports 8.6% 10.7% - 6.2% - Imports Commodities % % Intermediate % % Final products % % Other products % % Total agricultural products % % as % of total imports 10.3% 13.8% - 6.0% - Balance Commodities Intermediate Final products Other products Total agricultural products Note: Other products = products that do not bear a direct linkage to agriculture, e.g. waters, flavours Source: Directorate General for Agriculture and Rural Development, based on COMEXT data. Updated: January % 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Structure of the agricultural trade by category of product and by area of destination/origin 83% 77% 12% 17% 4% 3% Exports to EU countries Exports to non-eu countries 66% 25% 9% Imports from EU countries 41% 35% 24% Imports from non-eu countries Commodities Intermediate Final products Other products 11

12 5.2. AGRICULTURAL TRADE Evolution of agricultural trade with other EU countries Million EUR Trade of agricultural products Exports Imports Exports to EU-15 countries Exports to EU-N13 countries Imports from EU-15 countries Imports from EU-N13 countries Balance with EU-15 countries Balance with EU-N13 countries Exports of agricultural products Imports of agricultural products 100% 90% 7% 12% 100% 90% 5% 14% 80% 80% 70% 70% 60% 60% 50% 40% 93% 88% 50% 40% 95% 86% 30% 30% 20% 20% 10% 10% 0% % to EU-15 countries to EU-N13 countries from EU-15 countries from EU-N13 countries Source: DG Agriculture and Rural Development, based on Comext data. Updated: January

13 6.1. FARM STRUCTURE Structure of agricultural holdings (*) By UAA By Economic size By LSU By age of holder Holdings Total % Total % < 2 ha ha ha ha ha ha ha > 100 ha < < < < < < < < < =/> > < 35 years years years years > 64 years Total UAA in ha UAA per holding Source: Eurostat, Farm Structure Survey 2003 and Agricultural Census Updated: October (*) UAA = Utilized agricultural area. Economic size: For each activity on a farm, a standard gross margin (SGM) is estimated, based on the area (or the number of heads) and a regional coefficient. The sum of all margins, for all activities of a given farm, is its economic size, expressed in. (**) LSU = Livestock units. A LSU is equivalent to a dairy cow. The number of animals (heads) is converted into LSU using a set of coefficients reflecting the feed requirements of the different animal categories. 13

14 6.2. FARM STRUCTURE Structure of farm labour force* Holdings of less than 2 hectares Family labour force Non family labour force persons: of which % women: 45.1 AWUs: AWUs: Holders Family members Regular non family labour force persons: persons: persons: of which % women: of which % women: of which % women: Non regular labour force AWUs: AWUs: AWUs: AWUs: Holdings of more than 2 hectares Family labour force Non family labour force persons: of which % women: 41.9 AWUs: AWUs: Holders Family members Regular non family labour force persons: persons: persons: of which % women: of which % women: of which % women: Non regular labour force AWUs: AWUs: AWUs: AWUs: Total farm labour force (persons) Total farm labour force (AWUs) Source: Eurostat, Farm Structure Survey and Agricultural Census. Updated: October * AWUs = Annual work units. An AWU is equivalent to a worker employed on a full time basis for one year. This document does not necessarily represent the official views of the European Commission European Union, Reproduction authorised provided the source is acknowledge Contact: DG Agriculture and Rural Development, Agricultural Policy Analysis and Perspectives Unit Tel: / 14

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