Optimization of water management for irrigation in Region of Murcia

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1 Optimization of water management for irrigation in Region of Murcia Mariano Soto (CRCC) District Level Oussama Mounzer (CEBAS-CSIC) Plot Level 2 nd MEDITERRANEAN WATER FORUM 3 rd Dutch Spanish Water Event: Water Efficiency in Agriculture 2014-Nov-25 (Conference Center-Murcia/SPAIN)

2 STUDY AREA: REGION OF MURCIA 3 rd Dutch Spanish Water Event: Water Efficiency in Agriculture Semi-arid Mediterranean Climate. Average precipitation 320 mm. Average temperature 17ºC Irrigated area ha. Main cultivated crops: Lemon (15%), Peach (9%), lettuce (9%), Vineyards (9%), Broccoli (7%), Orange (6%), Olive (6%), Apricot (5%), Artichoke (4%) and Almond (4%) Average value of agricultural production: M ( /ha) Agriculture accounts for 81% of all water withdrawal. Thus irrigation water is the main limiting factor in terms of quantity, quality and availability Structural deficit: water demand>>> water sources (surface water, groundwater, external water transfer, recycled water and desalinated water) Implementing highly productive water-distribution and water-management methods is not an option. It is a must

3 WATER USER ASSOCIATIONS (WUAs) o The WUAs play an important role in managing water for irrigation. They are in charge of distributing water to plots within the irrigated area o The WUAs are corporations of public rights, affiliated to the basin authority o They are formed by the association of land-owners within the irrigated area. Water amounts are allocated according to the land area not to the owner o They are regulated by the Real Decreto Legislativo 1/2001 o A total of 239 CCRRs are registered in Region of Murcia 3 rd Dutch Spanish Water Event: Water Efficiency in Agriculture

4 3 rd Dutch Spanish Water Event: Water Efficiency in Agriculture MODERNISATION OF IRRIGATED DISTRICTS Since 1985, there has been a regional initiative to rehabilitate and modernize the irrigated districts, complementing national water policy (National Plan for Irrigated Districts) Main aspects: Efficient and Sustainable management Water reclaim and reuse New water resources Improve water distribution systems Efficient energy Promotion of research lines Training and agricultural advisory Introduction of new technologies

5 3 rd Dutch Spanish Water Event: Water Efficiency in Agriculture APPLICATION OF ITCs FOR IRRIGATION MANAGEMENT Decision support system (DSS) Geographic information system (GIS) Supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) Application WEB Applications for smartphones

6 MAIN FEATURES OF APPLYING ICTs 3 rd Dutch Spanish Water Event: Water Efficiency in Agriculture o Know the traceability of the water o Improve water distribution efficiency o Distribution of water is equitable and transparent o Reduce consumptions and energy costs o Rapid response to fix unexpected troubleshoots o Reduce the number of field offices and water guards o Provide direct information on demand: water-allocation rules, amount of water per area, prices, actual consumption, etc. o Confidence building among partners and WUAs o Reduce conflicts between the farmers o Provides services on demand (24/7) o Improving farmers wealth and economic well-being

7 REFERENCES 3 rd Dutch Spanish Water Event: Water Efficiency in Agriculture

8 Thank you. Optimization of water resources for irrigation in Murcia Mariano Soto (CRCC) District Level Oussama Mounzer (CEBAS-CSIC) Plot Level 2nd MEDITERRANEAN WATER FORUM 3rd Dutch Spanish Water Event: Water Efficiency in Agriculture 2014-Nov-25 (Conference Center-Murcia/SPAIN)

9 Online Professional IRrigation Scheduling Expert System Oussama Mounzer Scientific Researcher (technical coordinator of OPIRIS) Irrigation department CEBAS-CSIC Murcia-España Call: FP7-KBBE single-stage Funding scheme: CP-TP (Collaborative Project targeted to a special group) EU contribution Euros Duration: 24 months (Dec 2013 Nov 2015) Scientific Coordinator: Prof. Juan Jose Alarcon

10 CONSORTIUM esearcher perator ser isseminator SEEDRI Estonia Flights United Kingdom UT-SEMIDE France DONA HORTA Spain EIC RITEC Greece A.VARGAS CERTH STROGILIS PROGEAGRO ARGOS AGROKTIMA

11 PROBLEM & DRIVERS Water Scarcity Rainfed production Improving water productivity New water resources Precision irrigation Desalination Deficit irrigation Reclaim residual water

12 CONCEPTUAL DESIGN Atmosphere Soil Water Water & Fertilizers productivity Manual control Automatic control Automatic Tele-control STEP 2 Irrigation system

13 OBJETCTIVES Online Professional Irrigation Scheduling - OpIRIS OpIRIS-DataBase DB1 OpIRIS-ETc DB2 OpIRIS-F DB3 OpIRIS-H OpIRIS-GUI OpIRIS-Visitor OpIRIS-Consultant OpIRIS-Scheduler OpIRIS-Controller Cloud OpIRIS-Algorithm OpIRIS-Server OpIRIS-Hardware (Sensors + Datalogger) DB1: Data from previous FP projects; DB2: Users archive; DB3: Historical ETo records and crop coefficients (Kc); OpIRIS: Online Professional Irrigation Scheduling ( device-to-web datalogger; ( ) Smart_Phone application ) Irrigation Programmer; ( ) Sensors +

14 OPIRIS SERVICES OpIRIS Visitor Irrigation-related information Free online registry OpIRIS Consultant Irrigation-related information Specific crop water requirements-etc Free online registry Crop + Geographic coordinates OpIRIS Scheduler Irrigation-related information Specific crop water requirements Online Professional irrigation scheduling Online registry + License Exploitation attributes OpIRIS-Kit (sensors + datalogger) OpIRIS Controller Irrigation-related information Specific crop water requirements Online Professional Irrigation Scheduling Online Automatic Irrigation Control Online registry + License Exploitation attributes OpIRIS-Kit (sensors + datalogger) Specific-Link to irrigation programmer DB1 DB2 DB1 OpIRIS-ETc DB2 DB3 DB1 OpIRIS-ETc DB2 OpIRIS-F DB3 OpIRIS-H DB1 OpIRIS-ETc DB2 OpIRIS-F DB3 OpIRIS-H

15 OPIRIS_Visitor

16 OPIRIS_Visitor Dormancy Stage I Stage I Post Harvet RDI-2 70 % (Irrigation / Etc) RDI-1 SDI Stage I 100 Control Flowering jan feb mrt apr Control: Plant without water limitation RDI: Regulated Deficit Irrigation SDI: sustained Deficit Irrigation mei jun jul aug sep okt nov dec

17 OPIRIS_Visitor Control RDI-1 RDI-2 RDI-3 Flowering Stage I Stage I Stage I Post Harvet % (Irrigation/ Etc) Dormancy jan feb mrt apr Control: Plant without water limitation RDI: Regulated Deficit Irrigation SDI: sustained Deficit Irrigation mei jun jul aug sep okt nov dec

18 OPIRIS_Visitor

19 OPIRIS_Visitor

20 OPIRIS_Visitor

21 OPIRIS_Visitor

22 OPIRIS_Visitor

23 OPIRIS SERVICES OpIRIS Visitor Irrigation-related information Free online registry OpIRIS Consultant Irrigation-related information Specific crop water requirements-etc Free online registry Crop + Geographic coordinates OpIRIS Scheduler Irrigation-related information Specific crop water requirements Online Professional irrigation scheduling Online registry + License Exploitation attributes OpIRIS-Kit (sensors + datalogger) OpIRIS Controller Irrigation-related information Specific crop water requirements Online Professional Irrigation Scheduling Online Automatic Irrigation Control Online registry + License Exploitation attributes OpIRIS-Kit (sensors + datalogger) Specific-Link to irrigation programmer DB1 OPIRIS_Visitor DB2 DB1 OpIRIS-ETc OPIRIS_Consultant DB2 DB3 DB1 OpIRIS-ETc DB2 OpIRIS-F DB3 OpIRIS-H DB1 OpIRIS-ETc DB2 OpIRIS-F DB3 OpIRIS-H OPIRIS_Scheduler OPIRIS_Controler

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