Sustainability Durum Wheat Production in Italy: Barilla Sustanable Farming Project

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1 Bioeconomy and the Italian agrifood matrix Gli strumenti di politica industriale per la filiera agroalimentare Sala Cascina Merlata Expo 2015 Milano, 14 ottobre 2015 Sustainability Durum Wheat Production in Italy: Barilla Sustanable Farming Project Luca Ruini HSE&E Vice President & BCFN Expert

2 How to use Sustainability to innovate Barilla case study An interdisciplinary approach starting from LCA study

3 Life Cycle Assessment Footprints Carbon Footprint gco2-eq per kg or Litre of food Water Footprint Litre per kg or Litre of food Ecological Footprint Global m 2 per kg or Litre of food

4 Barilla Environmental Product Declaration (EPD) Process System 1. Quick, Simple and Reliable analysis 2. Verified and Certified Results

5 Durum wheat pasta Lifecycle Assessment (LCA)

6 BSF: Barilla Sustainable Farming Cattolica University Spin off Sustainable High Quality Durum Wheat Cultivation Project

7 Sustainable Durum Wheat Cultivation AIM OF THE PROJECT ABOUT DURUM WHEAT PROJECT 1) Identify in the different area sustainable alternative cropping systems for the cultivation of durum wheat; 2) Analyze and evaluate the characteristics of cropping systems identified; 3) Validate the alternative cropping systems with in-field experimentations 4) Integrate the Barilla s Cultivation Disciplinary (Decalogue) 5) Use a web based Farmers Decision Supporting System (DSS)

8 Durum wheat cultivation 10 INDICATORS USED CARBON FOOTPRINT: it represents the total amount of greenhouse gases (GHG) produced to directly and indirectly support human activities, usually expressed in equivalent tons of CO2 with the relative indicator, commonly called global warming potential. WATER FOOTPRINT: it measures the water consumption of a system in terms of water volumes consumed because of the processes, the irrigation, the natural evaporation by plants and/or that polluted, per unit of time. ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINT: is a measure of how much biologically productive land and water an individual, population or activity requires to produce all the resources it consumes and to absorb the waste it generates using prevailing technology and resource management practices. It is measured in global hectares (gha). ECONOMICS INDICATORS: represented by the direct costs of cultivation (cultivation operations + technical tools), the gross marketable production (GPS), updated to the price lists of 17 November 2009, and the gross income (GI), i.e. the difference between direct costs of cultivation and GPS. (In the GPS are not considered coupled and uncoupled aid ) NITROGEN INDEX: measurement of nitrogen availability determined by the previous crop residue, by the contribution of chemical fertilizers and the time required to biologically degrade the organic substance of the preceding crop; DON INDEX: this index expresses the cultivation safety aspects related to the possibility of reducing pathology occurrence due to the deoxynivalenol mycotoxin (DON). 10

9 Durum wheat cultivation CROP SYSTEM ANALYSIS Crop System analysed Lombardia, Veneto and Friuli (PLV) Maize Diversified Emilia Romagna (RER) Cereals Industrial Horticultural Marche and Toscana Cereals Proteic Alfa alfa Industrial Cultivation Maize (3 years) Durum wheat Soybean Durum wheat Millet - Maize Cultivation Maize Durum wheat Millet - Wheat Soybean Durum wheat- Maize Wheat Tomato Durum wheat - Maize Wheat Cultivation Durum wheat (3 years) Millet Proteic pea (2 years) - Durum wheat (2 years) Alfa alfa (3 years) Durum wheat Rapeseed Durum wheat Sunflower Durum wheat Variables Crop system: species used within the crop rotations Agricultural in-field activities Fertilizers use Regional climatic situation Puglia, Basilicata and Sicilia Cultivation One crop Durum wheat (4 years) Fodder Durum wheat (2 years) Oat and vetch (2 years) Horticultural Tomato Durum wheat - Tomato Durum wheat Check pea Chick pea (2 years) Durum wheat (2 years) Tillage Sowing Fertilization Pesticides Harvesting Yield System Boundaries

10 Sustainable Durum wheat cultivation kg Co2 / t > 100 / t 180,0 160,0 140,0 120,0 100,0 80,0 60,0 40,0 20,0 0,0 Carbon footprint (tco 2 /t grains) 0,80 0,70 0,60 0,50 0,40 0,30 0,20 0,10 0,00 Carbon Footprint (t Co2 / t durum wheat semolina) Carbon Footprint (t CO 2 /t granella) Marche/Toscana Emilia Romagna Pianura Puglia/Basilicata/Sic Lombardo Veneto. ilia Foraggio Proteico Orticolo industriale Maidicolo Net Reddito Income lordo ( /t) ( / t durum wheat semolina) Foraggio Orticolo industriale Proteico Marche/Toscana Emilia Romagna Pianura Puglia/Basilicata/Sic Lombardo Veneto. ilia Foraggio Proteico Orticolo industriale Maidicolo Foraggio Orticolo industriale Proteico 12

11 Durum wheat cultivation kg Co2 / t Carbon footprint (tco 2 /t grains) Nitrogen Index (kg of grains/kg of N) 60,0 50,0 40,0 30,0 20,0 10,0 0,0 Carbon Footprint (t Co2 / t durum wheat semolina) Carbon Footprint (t CO 2 /t granella) 0,80 0,70 0,60 0,50 0,40 0,30 0,20 0,10 0,00 Marche/Toscana Emilia Romagna Pianura Puglia/Basilicata/Sic Lombardo Veneto. ilia Nitrogen Efficienza utilizzo Indicator azoto (kg (kg granella/kg durum azoto) wheat semolina/ kg N) 70,0 Foraggio Proteico Orticolo industriale Foraggio Proteico Orticolo industriale Maidicolo Foraggio Orticolo industriale Proteico Maidicolo Foraggio Orticolo industriale Proteico 13

12 Italian Farmers Handbook DSS Adopting old-well known (but not still applied) agricultural practice is good for farmers, soil & environment! 14

13 Durum wheat cultivation Second Part of the Project Durum wheat: Cropping System Sustainability in Italy The second part of the project consists in infield experimentation, comparing sustainable and traditional cropping systems. Second year of the go-live phase : In-field testing with >25 farmers : t : t Parma Siena Ferrara Ancona Macerata Foggia 15

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