Analysis of the EU fruit and vegetables sector

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1 26 September 2014 Analysis of the EU fruit and vegetables sector EU and to Russia ( ) Recent market s and measures taken to address market disruptions following the Russian import ban EU and to Russia In the, the fruit and vegetables sector accounts for 17 the total agricultural output value, of which 10% corresponds to vegetables and the remaining 7% to fruits. The importance of the sector is higher in most of the southern Member States, representing between one third and one quarter of their total agricultural output (on average for the period , more than 30% in Greece, Cyprus, Malta and Portugal, and between 25% and 30% in Spain, Italy and Romania). Most of the EU's of fresh fruit and vegetables is consumed internally: overall, only 15 the total fruit and 7 the vegetables is exported outside the EU (in value). In terms of quantities of fresh fruit produced, the EU around 32 the of kiwis, 15.5 pears, apples and nectarines, 6-8 peaches, lemons and table grapes, and 5.5% or less of the of apricots, cherries, strawberries, oranges, melons and watermelons. In the case of vegetables, EU represent around 12.5 the of onions, 5-6 sweet peppers and mushrooms, and less than 5 the of tomatoes, potatoes, cucumbers, carrots, cauliflowers and broccoli, cabbages and eggplants. EU to Russia only account for 5 total EU fruit and 2 the vegetable (in value). In quantities, about 9 the of pears and kiwis, 6-7 apples and nectarines and 3-4 the of peaches and mushrooms is exported to Russia. Russia represents however the main export market for the EU's fruit and vegetables, currently buying about one third (34%) of our fresh fruit ( ) and one quarter (26%) of the fresh vegetable ( 734 ). For many fruit and vegetable products, Russia is the top destination: this is the case for cherries, mushrooms and cabbages (70, in quantities), pears, peaches, eggplants, tomatoes and carrots (60-64%), nectarines, strawberries, apples and cucumbers (around 50%), and apricots, potatoes and sweet peppers (40%). One third of the of lemons and table grapes are also sent to Russia. Between 2011 and 2013, to Russia significantly increased for some products (especially for apples, cherries, strawberries, melons and watermelons, in the case of fruits, and for tomatoes, cucumbers, sweet peppers, cauliflowers and broccoli, and eggplants among the

2 vegetables), decreasing in other cases (pears, peaches, nectarines and apricots, and also potatoes, cabbages and onions). In the same period, of fruit and vegetables in the EU remained quite stable. The main EU exporters of fresh fruit to Russia are Poland, Belgium, Lithuania and Spain: Poland is the origin of 41 the, whereas the other three countries account for 10-13% each (in quantities). For vegetables, the main exporters to Russia are the Netherlands, Lithuania and Poland, representing 34%, 25% and 16 the, respectively (in quantities). Nonetheless, these figures (based on Comext data), do not always reflect the real origin (i.e. the producing country) of the products, as they are influenced by the intra-eu trade: actually, with very little (and almost no of fruit), Lithuania is an important channel for re to Russia of fresh fruit and vegetables imported from other EU producers such as Spain, the Netherlands and Germany; Poland and Belgium play a similar role for specific products. Without considering this internal trade, the main EU suppliers to Russia of fresh fruits are Poland (7%), Spain (6%), Greece (4%), Italy (3%) and Belgium (2%). For fresh vegetables the Netherlands (10%), Poland (9%), Spain (8%) and Belgium (2%) are the main suppliers (all these figures in value, average , based on Comtrade data 1 ). EU market s Market s for the more relevant products exported to Russia, in the main exporting EU countries up to the third week of September can be summarised as follows: The recent positive observed in the last weeks for tomatoes is confirmed, with steady price increases; prices are above average prices of previous campaigns. Prices for peaches and nectarines are also recovering, after very low prices in August, but are still lower than in previous campaigns; the season is almost over for these fruits. Prices for pears, apples and table grapes have been falling since August with a slight recovery last week; prices are still lower than in previous marketing years. For peppers, prices are following the s of previous campaigns. Measures taken following the Russian import ban The European Commission has adopted measures to support the market. Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) No 913/2014 of 21 August 2014 lays down temporary exceptional support measures for producers of peaches and nectarines. These measures apply retro-actively as from 11 August The uptake until now is around t (of which t for free distribution) and Union financial assistance around 10. Since the announcement of import restrictions by Russia on 6 August 2014, the Commission immediately reacted and presented proposals for exceptional support measures for Union producers of perishable fruit and vegetables. On 29 August 2014 the Commission adopted Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) No 932/2014 covering tomatoes, carrots, cabbage, sweet peppers, broccoli, cauliflower, cucumbers and gherkins, mushrooms, plums, soft fruits, fresh table grapes, kiwis, apples and pears. These products are primarily harvested at this time of the year. The measures have been based on taking into account the to Russia of fruits and vegetables from August up to the winter period. 1 In Comtrade, the UN international trade database, Russia declares more often the country of origin of the products, removing partly the effect of re- of products originating from a different EU Member State. 26 September

3 The measures aim at stabilising the market through the support of market withdrawals, especially for free distribution, and compensation for non-harvesting and green harvesting. The measures are open to all producers regardless whether they are members of a producer organisation or not. The Union contribution to members of producer organisations is set at 75%, and for non-members it is 50%, of the fixed withdrawal prices, except on withdrawal for free distribution where the EU contribution is 100% for all producers. The measures have a retroactive effect as from August 18, with a budget foreseen of up to 125. However, on 10 September the Commission announced that it would not receive further notifications from Member States, due to a disproportionate surge in claims (Notifications reached of which 89% from Poland). The Commission is following the market developments for all products concerned very closely and will adopt shortly a new scheme more targeted based on average exported quantities per Member State, in order to supplement the previous one. This document does not necessarily represent the official views of the European Commission Contact: DG Agriculture and Rural Development, Unit Agricultural Modelling and Outlook Tel: / European Union, 2014 Re authorised provided the source is acknowledge 26 September

4 Summary tables Table 1 Share of the F&V sector in total agricultural output, average Agricultural output - Average Total F&V Fruits Vegetables VALUES total total total Belgium Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Germany Estonia Ireland Greece Spain France Croatia Italy Cyprus Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Hungary Malta Netherlands Austria Poland Portugal Romania Slovenia Slovakia Finland Sweden United Kingdom Source: Eurostat - Agricultural, Economic Accounts for Agriculture (table aact_eaa01). Total is the sum of Crop output and Animal output. Fruits correspond to Fresh fruit. Vegetables is the sum of Fresh vegetables and Potatoes (including seeds), i.e. excluding plants and flowers. 26 September

5 Table 2 Production, total and to Russia of fresh fruit and vegetables, by main product 2, average QUANTITIES FRESH FRUIT Apples Pears Peaches Nectarines Apricots Cherries Strawberries Oranges Lemons Table grapes Melons Watermelons Kiwis FRESH VEGETABLES Tomatoes Potatoes Mushrooms Cucumbers Carrots Sweet peppers Cauliflowers and broccoli Cabbages Eggplants Onions VALUES FRESH FRUIT Production Apples Pears Peaches Nectarines : : 80.8 : 52.2 Apricots : 31.2 : 11.9 : 38.1 Cherries : 45.2 : 28.5 : 63.0 Strawberries : : 62.4 : 40.7 Oranges Lemons Table grapes Melons : 45.1 : 3.5 : 7.7 Watermelons : 25.0 : 2.0 : 8.1 Kiwis : : 51.1 : 24.1 Total selection : : : 40.9 Total fresh fruit FRESH VEGETABLES Production Exports Exports Tomatoes Potatoes Mushrooms : 86.8 : 54.8 : 63.1 Cucumbers : 64.6 : 30.4 : 47.1 Carrots : 35.6 : 17.9 : 50.3 Sweet peppers : : 74.5 : 30.0 Cauliflowers and broccoli Cabbages : 18.2 : 11.9 : 65.6 Eggplants : 36.6 : 22.7 : 61.9 Onions : : 37.7 : 18.0 Total selection : : : 41.8 Total fresh vegetables Trend = % change between 2011 and 2013: Decrease by more than -30%; Decrease between -5% and -30%; Change between -5% and +5%; Increase between 5% and 30%; Increase by more than 30%. Source: Eurostat - Agricultural, Economic Accounts for Agriculture and Comext, completed with FAO data. 2 All together, these products represented about 78% and 74% respectively of the value of of fresh fruit and vegetables to Russia in the period analysed. 26 September

6 Table 3 Production, total and to Russia of fresh fruit and vegetables 3, by main countries average QUANTITIES FRESH FRUIT Belgium Greece Spain France Italy Lithuania Netherlands Poland Romania FRESH VEGETABLES Belgium Germany Spain France Italy Lithuania Netherlands Poland Romania United Kingdom VALUES FRESH FRUIT Exports Belgium Greece Spain France Italy Lithuania Netherlands Poland Romania FRESH VEGETABLES Production Exports Belgium Germany Spain France Italy Lithuania Netherlands Poland Romania United Kingdom Notes: countries in the table are the ones representing 5% or more of the EU (main producers, in quantities) and/or 5% or more of the EU to Russia (main exporters to Russia, in quantities and/or in value). Trend = % change between 2011 and 2013: Decrease by more than -30%; Decrease between -5% and -30%; Change between -5% and +5%; Increase between 5% and 30%; Increase by more than 30%. Source: Eurostat - Agricultural, Economic Accounts for Agriculture and Comext, completed with FAO data. 3 The products considered are the ones listed in the first page of this annex. 26 September

7 Fruits Apples In the period , the EU produced thousand of apples per year (on average): three countries, Poland, Italy and France, concentrated 60 the total (25%, 19% and 16%, respectively) the of apples was exported outside the EU and 6% to Russia (691 thousand for a value of 323 per year, on average), being the main exporter Poland (73.5 total to Russia, with an important increase since 2011), followed by Lithuania (7%, mainly products imported from other EU countries 4 ), Italy and Belgium. accounted for almost 50 of apples (more than 80% in Belgium and Lithuania, 68% in Poland). Since 2011, EU of apples to Russia increased by more than 50%, but only Poland presented a positive. Table 4 Production and of apples average APPLES Belgium Germany Spain France Italy Lithuania Poland APPLES Belgium Germany Spain France Italy Lithuania Poland Production Production Exports Exports Notes: countries in the table are the ones representing 5% or more of the EU (main producers, in quantities) and/or 5% or more of the EU to Russia (main exporters to Russia, in quantities and/or in value). Trend = % change between 2011 and 2013: Decrease by more than -30%; Decrease between -5% and -30%; Change between -5% and +5%; Increase between 5% and 30%; Increase by more than 30%. - Production: Eurostat, Agriculture (table apro_cpp_crop, code C Apples), completed with national statistics, FAO and own estimations. Provisional data for Exports: Eurostat, Comext (code Fresh apples (excl. cider apples)) for quantities and values. - Value of : Eurostat, Economic Accounts for Agriculture (table aact_eaa01, code Dessert apples). Current prices. 4 In 2013, Lithuania imported a total of 61 thousand of apples from other EU countries, mainly from Poland (25 thousand ), Italy (13 thousand ) and the Netherlands (10 thousand ). 26 September

8 Figure 1 Weekly prices Apples Note: Germany, France, Italy and Poland are the main producing countries for which prices are available. Source: Member States declarations. 26 September

9 Pears In the period , the EU produced thousand of pears per year (on average): four countries, Italy, Spain, the Netherlands and Belgium, concentrated 72 the total (31%, 18%, 12% and 11%, respectively) the of pears was exported outside the EU and 9.5% to Russia (236 thousand for a value of 178 per year, on average), being the main exporters Belgium (48 total to Russia), the Netherlands (17%), Lithuania (15%, mainly products imported from other EU countries 5 ) and Poland (10%). accounted for 62 of pears (more than 80% in Belgium and Lithuania, more than 70% in Poland, and more than 60% in the Netherlands). Since 2011, EU of pears to Russia decreased by 20%, and only Poland presented a positive. Table 5 Production and of pears average PEARS Belgium Spain France Italy Lithuania Netherlands Poland Portugal PEARS Belgium Spain France Italy Lithuania Netherlands Poland Portugal Production Exports Production Exports Notes: countries in the table are the ones representing 5% or more of the EU (main producers, in quantities) and/or 5% or more of the EU to Russia (main exporters to Russia, in quantities and/or in value). Trend = % change between 2011 and 2013: Decrease by more than -30%; Decrease between -5% and -30%; Change between -5% and +5%; Increase between 5% and 30%; Increase by more than 30%. - Production: Eurostat, Agriculture (table apro_cpp_crop, code C Pears), completed with national statistics, FAO and own estimations. Provisional data for Exports: Eurostat, Comext (codes / Fresh pears (excl. perry pears)) for quantities and values. - Value of : Eurostat, Economic Accounts for Agriculture (table aact_eaa01, code Dessert pears). Current prices. 5 In 2013, Lithuania imported a total of 45 thousand of pears from other EU countries, mainly from the Netherlands (28 thousand ). 26 September

10 Figure 2 Weekly prices Pears Note: Belgium, Spain and Italy are the main producing countries for which prices are available. Source: Member States declarations. 26 September

11 Peaches In the period , the EU produced thousand of peaches per year (on average): three countries, Italy, Spain and Greece, concentrated 90 the total (37%, 31% and 21%, respectively). 6.5 the of peaches was exported outside the EU and 4% to Russia (100 thousand for a value of 105 per year, on average), being the main exporters Spain (41.5 total to Russia) and Greece (27%); with no of peaches, Belgium and Lithuania contributed with 11-12% each ( to Russia from these two countries contain products imported from other EU countries 6 ). accounted for 61 of peaches (95% in Belgium, 82% in Lithuania, and 72% in Spain). Since 2011, EU of peaches to Russia slightly decreased, and only Belgium and Greece presented a positive. Table 6 Production and of peaches average PEACHES Belgium Greece Spain France Italy Lithuania PEACHES Belgium Greece Spain France Italy Lithuania Production Exports Production Exports Notes: countries in the table are the ones representing 5% or more of the EU (main producers, in quantities) and/or 5% or more of the EU to Russia (main exporters to Russia, in quantities and/or in value). Trend = % change between 2011 and 2013: Decrease by more than -30%; Decrease between -5% and -30%; Change between -5% and +5%; Increase between 5% and 30%; Increase by more than 30%. - Production: Eurostat, Agriculture (table apro_cpp_crop, code C Peaches), completed with national statistics. Provisional data for Exports: Eurostat, Comext (code Fresh peaches) for quantities and values. - Value of : Eurostat, Economic Accounts for Agriculture (table aact_eaa01, code Peaches). Current prices. 6 In 2013, Lithuania imported a total of 16 thousand of peaches from other EU countries, mainly from Spain (7 thousand ) and the Netherlands (5 thousand ), whereas Belgium imported 33 thousand, mainly from Spain (26 thousand ). 26 September

12 Figure 3 Weekly prices Peaches Note: Greece, Spain, France and Italy are the main producing countries for which prices are available. Source: Member States declarations. 26 September

13 Nectarines In the period , the EU produced thousand of nectarines per year (on average): 99 the was concentrated in four countries, Italy, Spain, France and Greece (42%, 39%, 10.5% and 8%, respectively). 13 the of nectarines was exported outside the EU and 6.7% to Russia (84 thousand for a value of 81 per year, on average), being the main exporters Spain (42.5 total to Russia), Greece and Italy (11-14%) and two non-producer countries, Belgium and Lithuania (13-15 the, mainly products imported from other EU countries 7 ). accounted for 51.5 of nectarines (96% in Belgium, 80% in Lithuania, and 61% in Spain). Since 2011, EU of nectarines to Russia decreased by 18%, and only Greece presented a positive. Table 7 Production and of nectarines average NECTARINES Belgium Greece Spain France Italy Lithuania NECTARINES Exports Belgium Greece Spain France Italy Lithuania Production Exports Notes: countries in the table are the ones representing 5% or more of the EU (main producers, in quantities) and/or 5% or more of the EU to Russia (main exporters to Russia, in quantities and/or in value). Trend = % change between 2011 and 2013: Decrease by more than -30%; Decrease between -5% and -30%; Change between -5% and +5%; Increase between 5% and 30%; Increase by more than 30%. - Production: Eurostat, Agriculture (table apro_cpp_crop, code C Nectarines), completed with national statistics and own estimations. Provisional data for Exports: Eurostat, Comext (code Fresh nectarines) for quantities and values. 7 In 2013, Lithuania imported a total of 16 thousand of nectarines from other EU countries, mainly from Spain (7 thousand ), the Netherlands (4 thousand ) and Italy (3 thousand ), whereas Belgium imported 42 thousand, mainly from Spain (27 thousand ). 26 September

14 Figure 4 Weekly prices Nectarines Note: Greece, Spain, France and Italy are the main producing countries for which prices are available. Source: Member States declarations. Plums Figure 5 Weekly prices Plums Note: Spain, France and Italy are the main producing countries for which prices are available. Source: Member States declarations. 26 September

15 Apricots In the period , the EU produced 654 thousand of apricots per year (on average): four countries, Italy, France, Spain and Greece, concentrated 88 the total (36%, 25%, 14% and 13%, respectively). 3.3 the of apricots was exported outside the EU and 1.3% to Russia (8.5 thousand for a value of 12 per year, on average), being Greece and Spain the main exporters (27.5% and 19% respectively of total to Russia), together with Belgium and Lithuania (two non-producer countries that contributed with 12% and 21 the, respectively, mainly products imported from other EU countries 8 ). accounted for 40 of apricots (more than 85% in Belgium and Lithuania, 52% in Spain, 43% in Greece). Since 2011, EU of apricots to Russia decreased by more than 30%, and only Spain presented a positive. Table 8 Production and of apricots average APRICOTS Belgium Greece Spain France Italy Lithuania APRICOTS Exports Belgium Greece Spain France Italy Lithuania Notes: countries in the table are the ones representing 5% or more of the EU (main producers, in quantities) and/or 5% or more of the EU to Russia (main exporters to Russia, in quantities and/or in value). Trend = % change between 2011 and 2013: Decrease by more than -30%; Decrease between -5% and -30%; Change between -5% and +5%; Increase between 5% and 30%; Increase by more than 30%. Production Exports - Production: Eurostat, Agriculture (table apro_cpp_crop, code C Apricots), completed with national statistics and own estimations. Provisional data for Exports: Eurostat, Comext (code Fresh apricots) for quantities and values. 8 In 2013, Lithuania imported 1.7 thousand of apricots from other EU countries, mainly from the Netherlands (0.6 thousand ), Spain (0.4 thousand ) and Greece (0.4 thousand ), whereas Belgium imported 6.6 thousand, mainly from France (3.2 thousand ), Spain (1.6 thousand ) and Germany (1.3 thousand ). 26 September

16 Cherries In the period , the EU produced 800 thousand of cherries per year (on average): three countries, Poland, Italy and Spain, concentrated 55 the total (28%, 14.5% and 12%, respectively). 3 the of cherries was exported outside the EU and 2.1% to Russia (17 thousand for a value of 28.5 per year, on average), being to Russia concentrated in two countries, Poland (32 total to Russia) and Greece (26%), followed by Lithuania (with very little of cherries, Lithuania contributes with 12 the 9 ), Bulgaria and Spain. accounted for 70 of cherries (97% in Lithuania, more than 80% in Poland, Bulgaria and Spain, and 74% in Greece). Since 2011, EU of cherries increased by more than 50%, being this positive driven by Greece, Poland and Bulgaria. Table 9 Production and of cherries average CHERRIES Bulgaria Germany Greece Spain Italy Lithuania Hungary Poland Romania CHERRIES Exports Bulgaria Germany Greece Spain Italy Lithuania Hungary Poland Romania Notes: countries in the table are the ones representing 5% or more of the EU (main producers, in quantities) and/or 5% or more of the EU to Russia (main exporters to Russia, in quantities and/or in value). Trend = % change between 2011 and 2013: Decrease by more than -30%; Decrease between -5% and -30%; Change between -5% and +5%; Increase between 5% and 30%; Increase by more than 30%. Production Exports - Production: Eurostat, Agriculture (table apro_cpp_crop, code C Cherries), completed with national statistics and FAO. Provisional data for Exports: Eurostat, Comext (codes / Fresh cherries (excl. sour cherries)) for quantities and values. 9 In 2013, Lithuania imported 1.7 thousand of cherries from other EU countries, mainly from Italy (0.8 thousand ) and the Netherlands (0.3 thousand ). 26 September

17 Strawberries In the period , the EU produced thousand of strawberries per year (on average): three countries, Spain, Poland and Germany, concentrated 57 the total (27%, 16% and 14%, respectively). 5.5 the of strawberries was exported outside the EU and 2.7% to Russia (29 thousand for a value of 62 per year, on average), being dominated by Greece (only 4 total EU and almost 47 total to Russia), followed by Poland (21 the ) and Lithuania 10 (17%). accounted for 50 of strawberries (almost 100% in Lithuania, 86% in Poland and 74% in Greece). Since 2011, EU of strawberries to Russia increased by 50%, being this positive driven by the three main exporters. Table 10 Production and of strawberries average STRAWBERRIES Belgium Germany Greece Spain Italy Lithuania Poland United Kingdom STRAWBERRIES Exports Production Exports Belgium Germany Greece Spain Italy Lithuania Poland United Kingdom Notes: countries in the table are the ones representing 5% or more of the EU (main producers, in quantities) and/or 5% or more of the EU to Russia (main exporters to Russia, in quantities and/or in value). Trend = % change between 2011 and 2013: Decrease by more than -30%; Decrease between -5% and -30%; Change between -5% and +5%; Increase between 5% and 30%; Increase by more than 30%. - Production: Eurostat, Agriculture (table apro_cpp_crop, code C Strawberries), completed with FAO and own estimations. Provisional data for Exports: Eurostat, Comext (code Fresh strawberries) for quantities and values. 10 In 2013, Lithuania imported 7.5 thousand of strawberries from other EU countries, mainly from the Netherlands (3.5 thousand ) and Spain (2.2 thousand ). 26 September

18 Oranges In the period , the EU produced thousand of oranges per year (on average): three countries, Spain, Italy and Greece, concentrated 96 the total (49.5%, 33% and 13.5%, respectively). 4.7 the of oranges was exported outside the EU and 0.5% to Russia (31 thousand for a value of 23 per year, on average), being the main exporters Spain (48% of total to Russia) and two non-producer countries, Lithuania (32%) and the Netherlands (5%) 11. accounted for 11 of oranges (60% in Lithuania and 13-16% in Spain and in the Netherlands). Since 2011, EU of oranges to Russia increased, with a positive also observed in the three main exporters (especially Lithuania and the Netherlands). Table 11 Production and of oranges average ORANGES Greece Spain Italy Lithuania Netherlands ORANGES Production Exports Production Exports Greece Spain Italy Lithuania Netherlands Notes: countries in the table are the ones representing 5% or more of the EU (main producers, in quantities) and/or 5% or more of the EU to Russia (main exporters to Russia, in quantities and/or in value). Trend = % change between 2011 and 2013: Decrease by more than -30%; Decrease between -5% and -30%; Change between -5% and +5%; Increase between 5% and 30%; Increase by more than 30%. - Production: Eurostat, Agriculture (table apro_cpp_crop, code C Oranges), completed with own estimations. Provisional data for Exports: Eurostat, Comext (code Fresh sweet oranges) for quantities and values. - Value of : Eurostat, Economic Accounts for Agriculture (table aact_eaa01, code Sweet oranges). Current prices. 11 In 2013, Lithuania imported 23 thousand of oranges from other EU countries, mainly from Spain (9.4 thousand ) and the Netherlands (8.7 thousand ), whereas the Netherlands imported 102 thousand, mainly from Spain (83 thousand ). 26 September

19 Lemons In the period , the EU produced thousand of lemons per year (on average): two countries, Spain and Italy, concentrated 93 the total (58% and 34.5%, respectively). 6.3 the of lemons was exported outside the EU and 2.1% to Russia (26 thousand for a value of 22 per year, on average), being dominated by Spain (72 total to Russia) and Lithuania (non-producer country 12, contributes with 22 the to Russia). accounted for 33 of lemons (74% in Lithuania, 44% in Spain). Since 2011, EU of lemons to Russia remained stable. Table 12 Production and of lemons average LEMONS Spain Italy Lithuania LEMONS Production Production Exports Exports Spain Italy Lithuania Notes: countries in the table are the ones representing 5% or more of the EU (main producers, in quantities) and/or 5% or more of the EU to Russia (main exporters to Russia, in quantities and/or in value). Trend = % change between 2011 and 2013: Decrease by more than -30%; Decrease between -5% and -30%; Change between -5% and +5%; Increase between 5% and 30%; Increase by more than 30%. - Production: Eurostat, Agriculture (table apro_cpp_crop, code C Lemons and acid limes), completed with own estimations. Provisional data for Exports: Eurostat, Comext (code Fresh or dried lemons) for quantities and values. - Value of : Eurostat, Economic Accounts for Agriculture (table aact_eaa01, code Lemons). Current prices. 12 In 2013, Lithuania imported 7 thousand of lemons from other EU countries, mainly from Spain (2.9 thousand ) and the Netherlands (1.5 thousand ). 26 September

20 Table grapes In the period , the EU produced thousand of table grapes per year (on average): three countries, Italy, Spain and Greece, concentrated 92 the total (64%, 14% and 13%, respectively). 7.7 the of table grapes was exported outside the EU and 2.4% to Russia (43 thousand for a value of 62 per year, on average), being the main exporters Lithuania (non-producer country, concentrates almost 50 the to Russia 13 ) and Italy (34 the ). accounted for 32 of table grapes (80.5% in Lithuania, 26.5% in Italy). Since 2011, EU of table grapes to Russia increased, mainly due to increases in from the two main exporters. Table 13 Production and of table grapes average TABLE GRAPES Greece Spain France Italy Lithuania Netherlands Romania TABLE GRAPES Production Production Exports Exports Greece Spain France Italy Lithuania Netherlands Romania Notes: countries in the table are the ones representing 5% or more of the EU (main producers, in quantities) and/or 5% or more of the EU to Russia (main exporters to Russia, in quantities and/or in value). Trend = % change between 2011 and 2013: Decrease by more than -30%; Decrease between -5% and -30%; Change between -5% and +5%; Increase between 5% and 30%; Increase by more than 30%. - Production: Eurostat, Agriculture (table apro_cpp_crop, code C Vineyards for table grapes), completed with national statistics and own estimations. Provisional data for Exports: Eurostat, Comext (code Fresh table grapes) for quantities and values. - Value of : Eurostat, Economic Accounts for Agriculture (table aact_eaa01, code Dessert grapes). Current prices. 13 In 2013, Lithuania imported 39 thousand of table grapes from other EU countries, mainly from Italy (23 thousand ). 26 September

21 Figure 6 Weekly prices Table grapes Note: Spain and Italy are the main producing countries for which prices are available. Source: Member States declarations. 26 September

22 Melons In the period , the EU produced thousand of melons per year (on average): three countries, Spain, Italy and France, concentrated 86 the total (45%, 27% and 14%, respectively). 2.1 the of melons was exported outside the EU and 0.2% to Russia (3 thousand for a value of 3.5 per year, on average), being these dominated by a non-producer country, Lithuania (82 total to Russia 14 ), followed by Spain (9%). accounted for 8 of melons (94% in Lithuania). Since 2011, EU of melons to Russia increased by 75%, both from Spain and Lithuania. Table 14 Production and of melons average MELONS Greece Spain France Italy Lithuania MELONS Exports Production Exports Greece Spain France Italy Lithuania Notes: countries in the table are the ones representing 5% or more of the EU (main producers, in quantities) and/or 5% or more of the EU to Russia (main exporters to Russia, in quantities and/or in value). Trend = % change between 2011 and 2013: Decrease by more than -30%; Decrease between -5% and -30%; Change between -5% and +5%; Increase between 5% and 30%; Increase by more than 30%. - Production: Eurostat, Agriculture (table apro_cpp_crop, code C Melons), completed with FAO and own estimations. Provisional data for Exports: Eurostat, Comext (code Fresh melons (excl. watermelons)) for quantities and values. 14 In 2013, Lithuania imported 8 thousand of melons from other EU countries, mainly from the Netherlands (5 thousand ) and Spain (2 thousand ). 26 September

23 Watermelons In the period , the EU produced thousand of watermelons per year (on average): four countries, Spain, Greece, Romania and Italy, concentrated 88 the total (31%, 22%, 21% and 14.5%, respectively). 1.8 the of watermelons was exported outside the EU and 0.1% to Russia (3 thousand for a value of 2 per year, on average), being these dominated by a non-producer country, Lithuania (68 total to Russia 15 ), followed by Spain (14.5%). accounted for 5.5 of watermelons (96% in Lithuania). Since 2011, EU of watermelons to Russia increased by 45%, mainly due to an increase of from Lithuania. Table 15 Production and of watermelons average WATERMELONS Greece Spain Italy Lithuania Hungary Poland Romania WATERMELONS Exports Production Exports Greece Spain Italy Lithuania Hungary Poland Romania Notes: countries in the table are the ones representing 5% or more of the EU (main producers, in quantities) and/or 5% or more of the EU to Russia (main exporters to Russia, in quantities and/or in value). Trend = % change between 2011 and 2013: Decrease by more than -30%; Decrease between -5% and -30%; Change between -5% and +5%; Increase between 5% and 30%; Increase by more than 30%. - Production: Eurostat, Agriculture (table apro_cpp_crop, code C Watermelons), completed with FAO and own estimations. Provisional data for Exports: Eurostat, Comext (code Fresh watermelons) for quantities and values. 15 In 2013, Lithuania imported 18 thousand of watermelons from other EU countries, mainly from Hungary (9 thousand ), the Netherlands (3 thousand ) and Greece (2 thousand ). 26 September

24 Kiwis In the period , the EU produced 688 thousand of kisis per year (on average): three countries, Italy, Greece and France, concentrated 94 the total (62%, 22.5% and 10%, respectively) the of kiwis was exported outside the EU and 8.6% to Russia (59 thousand for a value of 51 per year, on average), being these dominated by Greece (49 total to Russia), followed by Italy (26%) and a non-producer country, Lithuania (19% 16 ). accounted for 27 of kiwis (67% in Lithuania and 50% in Greece). Since 2011, EU of kiwis to Russia remained stable, being the decrease in from Italy and Lithuania compensated by an important increase in from Greece. Table 16 Production and of kiwis average Greece France Italy Lithuania Exports Greece France Italy Lithuania Notes: countries in the table are the ones representing 5% or more of the EU (main producers, in quantities) and/or 5% or more of the EU to Russia (main exporters to Russia, in quantities and/or in value). Trend = % change between 2011 and 2013: Decrease by more than -30%; Decrease between -5% and -30%; Change between -5% and +5%; Increase between 5% and 30%; Increase by more than 30%. KIWIS KIWIS Production Exports - Production: Eurostat, Agriculture (table apro_cpp_crop, code C Kiwis), completed with FAO and own estimations. Provisional data for Exports: Eurostat, Comext (code Fresh kiwifruit) for quantities and values. Table 17 KIWIS Weekly prices - Kiwis Weekly prices, period to Weeks Greece Portugal Notes: Italy the biggest producer, no price communication. France one of the biggest producers, no price communication. According to Reg. 543/2011, there is an obligation to communicate prices on kiwis for Italy, France, Greece and Portugal. Source: Member States declarations. 16 In 2013, Lithuania imported 18.5 thousand of kiwis from other EU countries, mainly from Italy (12 thousand ). 26 September

25 Vegetables Tomatoes In the period , the EU produced thousand of tomatoes per year (on average): two countries, Italy and Spain, concentrated 61 the total (35.5% and 25%, respectively). 1.8 the of tomatoes was exported outside the EU and 1.1% to Russia (167 thousand for a value of 192 per year, on average), being the main exporters Lithuania and Poland (41% and 23 total to Russia, respectively 17 ), followed by Spain (13%) and Belgium (11%). accounted for 60 of tomatoes (around 90% in Lithuania and Belgium and 60% in Poland and Spain). Since 2011, EU of tomatoes to Russia increased by more than 100%, with important increases in all main exporters. Table 18 Production and of tomatoes average TOMATOES Belgium Greece Spain France Italy Lithuania Netherlands Poland Portugal TOMATOES Belgium Greece Spain France Italy Lithuania Netherlands Poland Portugal Production Production Exports Exports Notes: countries in the table are the ones representing 5% or more of the EU (main producers, in quantities) and/or 5% or more of the EU to Russia (main exporters to Russia, in quantities and/or in value). Trend = % change between 2011 and 2013: Decrease by more than -30%; Decrease between -5% and -30%; Change between -5% and +5%; Increase between 5% and 30%; Increase by more than 30%. - Production: Eurostat, Agriculture (table apro_cpp_crop, code C Tomatoes), completed with own estimations. Provisional data for Exports: Eurostat, Comext (code Tomatoes, fresh or chilled) for quantities and values. - Value of : Eurostat, Economic Accounts for Agriculture (table aact_eaa01, code Tomatoes). Current prices. 17 In 2013, Lithuania imported 127 thousand of tomatoes from other EU countries, mainly from the Netherlands (96 thousand ). 26 September

26 Figure 7 Weekly prices Tomatoes Note: Spain, France, Italy and the Netherlands are the main producing countries for which prices are available. Source: Member States declarations. 26 September

27 Potatoes In the period , the EU produced thousand of potatoes per year (on average): four countries, Germany, Poland, the Netherlands and France, concentrated 55 the total (18%, 14%, 12% and 12%, respectively). 1.1 the of potatoes was exported outside the EU and 0.4% to Russia (252 thousand for a value of 86 per year, on average), being these dominated by the Netherlands (59 total to Russia), followed by Germany, Lithuania and Finland (around 7-8% each). accounted for 37 of potatoes (92% in Finland, 84% in Lithuania, less than 40% in the other two main exporters). Since 2011, EU of potatoes to Russia significantly decreased (from 550 thousand in 2011 to 70 thousand in 2013), mainly due to a Russian import ban for EU seed and consumption potatoes as from July 2013 for phytosanitary reasons. Table 19 Production and of potatoes average POTATOES Belgium Germany France Italy Lithuania Netherlands Poland Romania Finland United Kingdom POTATOES Belgium Germany France Italy Lithuania Netherlands Poland Romania Finland United Kingdom Production Production Exports Exports Notes: countries in the table are the ones representing 5% or more of the EU (main producers, in quantities) and/or 5% or more of the EU to Russia (main exporters to Russia, in quantities and/or in value). Trend = % change between 2011 and 2013: Decrease by more than -30%; Decrease between -5% and -30%; Change between -5% and +5%; Increase between 5% and 30%; Increase by more than 30%. - Production: Eurostat, Agriculture (table apro_cpp_crop, code C Potatoes). Provisional data for Exports: Eurostat, Comext (code Fresh or chilled potatoes) for quantities and values. - Value of : Eurostat, Economic Accounts for Agriculture (table aact_eaa01, code Potatoes). Current prices. 26 September

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