SUSTAINABILITY OF ENERGY SOURCES. Datuk Ir. Ahmad Fauzi Hasan Chief Executive Officer Energy Commission of Malaysia 23 October 2012

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1 SUSTAINABILITY OF ENERGY SOURCES Datuk Ir. Ahmad Fauzi Hasan Chief Executive Officer Energy Commission of Malaysia 23 October 2012

2 What Is Sustainable Energy? The provision of energy such that: it meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs without damaging the environment without negatively affecting social stability 2

3 Malaysian Energy Situation

4 Malaysian Electricity Supply Industry (MESI) Development Pre 1990s Integrated Monopoly Mid 1990s Introduction of IPPs Post 2000s Managed Market Generation TNB Generation IPPs Generation IPPs TNB TNB Transmission TNB Transmission Transmission TNB Distribution Distribution Distribution Consumers Consumers Consumers 4

5 Electricity Supply Industry Structure Generation Transmission Distribution Co-generators / RE Generators IPPs TNB Peninsular Malaysia Supply Local Distribution consumers consumers Mini Utilities (with generation) consumers Generation Transmission Distribution Supply Co-generators / RE Generators IPPs Local Distribution SESB or SESCO Sabah & Sarawak consumers consumers

6 Malaysia s Major Energy Resources CRUDE OIL & CONDENSATES: 5.8 billion barrels NATURAL GAS: 88.0 trillion standard cubic feet RESERVE LIFE : Oil 20 years, Gas 36 years Potential Hydro Capacity Exceeds 22,000 MW (Source: PETRONAS ) (Source: SEB ) 6

7 Final Use of Commercial Energy by Type of Fuels Source: National Energy Balance

8 Electricity Generation Fuel Mix 2011 Diesel 8

9 Renewable Energy (RE) RE Potential Progress In RE Generation Mini-hydro : 490 MW Category Minihydro Biomass & biogas Solar PV Wind Total Biomass : 1,340 MW Biogas : 410 MW Municipal solid waste : 360 MW Solar : Unlimited Wind : Limited wind speed Gridconnected (MW) Off-grid (MW) Total (MW)

10 Gas Pricing March 2009: June 2011: June 2008: October 2002: May 1997 June 2008: 10

11 Energy Intensity Notes: Intensity=Quantity of energy required per unit output or activity *Final Energy Demand/GDP at 2000 prices **Industrial Energy Demand/Industrial GDP at 2000 prices ***Electricity Demand (toe)/gdp at 2000 prices 11 Source: National Energy Balance 2010

12 The Gas Supply Challenge 1,600 GAS NOMINATION FOR 2008, 2009, 2010 & ,400 1,200 1, Jan 1-Feb 1-Mar 1-Apr 1-May 1-Jun 1-Jul 1-Aug 1-Sep 1-Oct 1-Nov 1-Dec Date Gas volume supplied in 2011 decreased by 17.5% compared to 2008 but electricity generation increased by 10.6% from 94,251 GWh to 104,220 GWh. 12

13 Recent Initiatives To Enhance Sustainability National RE Policy and Action Plan Renewable Energy Fund Feed-In-Tariffs Enhancement of Fiscal Incentives Scheme Green Technology Financing Scheme Fuel subsidy rationalization programme Generation New Capacity Competitive Bidding MESI reform programme Strengthening of legal and institutional frameworks

14 PROSPECTS AND OPTIONS

15 World Electricity Generation By Fuel Source: IEA 2012 Key World Energy Statistics

16 Increasing Trends Of Renewables In Power Generation Source: BP Statistical Review of World Energy

17 Price Trends of Energy Sources Source: BP Statistical Review of World Energy

18 National Energy Efficiencies Canada Energy Consumption ( 00 kwh / Capita) Russia Kazakhstan Ukraine Source: EIA Czech Republic Malaysia Thailand Romania Brazil China Turkey Indonesia Egypt India Philippines France Germany Italy UK GDP / Capita (US$) US Japan 18

19 Projected World Primary Energy Consumption Until 2030 Source: BP Energy Outlook

20 Overall Value Of Subsidies To Renewable Energy Billion dollars (2010) Biofuels Electricity Renewable subsidies of $66 billion in 2010 (compared with $409 billion for fossil fuels), need to climb to $250 billion in 2035 as rising deployment outweighs improved competitiveness Source: IEA World Energy Outlook

21 Global CO2 emissions from energy use Source: BP Energy Outlook

22 Sustainable Energy Technology Options Metric Tons CO 2 per MWH 1 0,75 Oil (0.80) Coal (0.85) 0,5 0,25 0 * With CCS Solar Nuclear Wind (0) Source: IGU based on CERA Clean Natural Gas* (0.04) Clean Coal* (0.09) GHG Emissions Natural Gas (0.35) 22

23 Sustainable Energy Technology Options Source: IEA Projected Costs of Generating Electricity

24 Sustainable Energy Technology Options Source: IEA Blue Map Scenario 24

25 Malaysia s Electricity Generation Fuel Mix: From Oil To Gas And Coal 25

26 A Way Forward Towards Sustainability of Energy Sources Enhancing efficiency, fairness, transparency and choice in the electricity sector through no regrets reform programme Promoting renewable energy resources development through enhanced incentives and regulatory framework : Biomass, biogas, solar, mini-hydro Diversifying sources of energy supply: Intensifying indigenous gas and hydro resources development Securing more fuel from foreign sources Strengthening and expanding supply infrastructures for regional interconnection Seeking a more balanced and affordable generation fuel mix 26

27 THANK YOU

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