6 th Grade Science Vocabulary Words

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1 6 th Grade Science Vocabulary Words hypothesis procedure materials data results variable Independent variable Dependent variable control constant conclusion qualitative quantitative SI unit mass volume density distance temperature Triple beam balance Metric ruler Graduated cylinder thermometer observation prediction inference Data table Line graph Bar graph Circle graph matter color shape texture smell Physical property State of matter solid liquid gas plasma Boiling point Melting point malleability ductility magnetism solubility Physical change Chemical change flammability combustibility Chemical change product reactant endothermic exothermic Page 1 of 6

2 energy Law of conservation of energy transformation Potential energy Kinetic energy Radiant energy Mechanical energy Sound energy Electrical energy Nuclear energy Thermal energy Chemical energy Renewable resource Non-renewable resource electricity Boiler/ furnace turbine generator Fossil fuel power plant Nuclear power plant Hydroelectric power plant Wind power plant Geothermal power plant Biomass power plant Solar power force newtons motion Spring scale displacement Reference point distance Balanced force Unbalanced force Inertia gravity friction Isaac Newton Newton s 1 st law Newton s 2 nd law Newton s 3 rd law Acceleration speed velocity Action force Reaction force crust mantel Inner core Page 2 of 6

3 Outer core lithosphere aesthinosphere Plate tectonic theory Convergent boundary Divergent boundary Transform boundary subduction stress Shearing stress Tension stress Compression stress Folded mountain Fault block mountain Volcanic mountain Upwarped mountain plateau topography weathering erosion deposition glacier Chemical weathering Mechanical weathering Ice wedging abrasion mineral luster streak hardness Mohs hardness scale cleavage fracture crystal gem rock igneous sedimentary metamorphic sediment magma lava Surface water condensation precipitation evaporation collection transpiration groundwater Page 3 of 6

4 pore porosity permeable aquifer impermeable percolation watershed Zone of aeration Zone of saturation recharge Water table Artesian well geyser Run off reservoir Atmosphere composition troposphere stratosphere mesosphere thermosphere exosphere altitude Air density Air pressure ionosphere ozone Air mass weather front Cold front Warm front Stationary front convection conduction radiation humidity tornado hurricane typhoon tsunami blizzard flood microscope eyepiece Body tube Nose piece Objective lens arm Coarse adjustment knob Fine adjustment knob stage Stage clips aperature diaphragm Light source base Page 4 of 6

5 Cell theory cells Cell membrane Cell wall cytoplasm nucleus DNA chloroplast mitochondria ribosome Endoplasmic reticulum vacuole lysosome Golgi body chloroplast Plant cell Animal cell tissue organ Organ system organism system population heredity Gene Chromosome Gamete egg sperm trait allele Dominant allele Recessive allele homozygous heterozygous phenotype genotype Punnett square Natural selection Selective breeding Pedigree chart mutation genetics rotation revolution orbit axis Moon phases New moon Waxing crescent First quarter moon Waxing gibbous Full moon Waning gibbous Last quarter moon Waning crescent Page 5 of 6

6 gravity mass weight Natural satellite Artificial satellite Solar system comet asteroid meteor meteorite meteoroid Asteroid belt elliptical Inner planet Outer planet Gas giant moon telescope Robert Goddard rocket Hubble space telescope Space probe Sputnik I Sputnik II Project Mercury Project Gemini Project Apollo Space shuttle Space suit International space station ecosystem abiotic biotic predation prey predator mutualism commensalism symbiosis host parasitism parasite scavenger producer consumer decomposer Food chain Food web Energy pyramid compost biomass stimulus response Internal stimulus External stimulus Page 6 of 6

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