Prentice Hall Interactive Science Series 2011 Correlated to: Arizona Science Standards, Strands 1-6 (Grade 7)

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1 Strand 1: Inquiry Process Inquiry Process establishes the basis for students learning in science. Students use scientific processes: questioning, planning and conducting investigations, using appropriate tools and techniques to gather data, thinking critically and logically about relationships between evidence and explanations, and communicating results. Concept 1: Observations, Questions, and Hypotheses Formulate predictions, questions, or hypotheses based on observations. Locate appropriate resources. PO 1. Formulate questions based on observations that lead to the development of a hypothesis. (See M07-S2C1-01) SE/TE: 5, 6, 29, 104, Figure, 5,6, Review and Assessment, 29, Apply it 104, SE/TE: 45, 46, 104, Figure, 45, 104, Apply it, 46, SE/TE: 82, Apply it, 82, SE/TE: 25, 86, 125, 168, 170, 181, Figure, 25, 86, 168, 181, Apply it, 125, 170, SE/TE: 5, Figure, 5, SE/TE: 7, 31, 55, 73, 198, Figure, 55, 73, 198, Assess Your Understanding, 31, Apply it, 7, SE/TE: 11, 33, 75, 167, 177, Figure, 11, 33, 75, 167, 177, SE/TE: 15, 18, 71, 103, 152, 223, Figure, Assess 15, 152, 223, Assess Your Understanding, 18, Apply it, 71, 103, SE/TE: 17, 52, 230, 241, Figure, 52, 241, Apply it, 17, 230, 0 SE/TE: 24, 81, 98, 141, Figure, 24, 81, 141, Apply it, 98, 1 SE/TE: 203, 216, Figure, 216, Apply it, 203, 2 SE/TE: 21, 51, 89, Figure, 21, Review and Assessment, 89, Apply it, 51 = Module One, etc. 1

2 PO 2. Select appropriate resources for background information related to a question, for use in the design of a controlled investigation. (See W-E8-01) SE/TE: 21, 22, 27, Apply it, 21, Assess Your Understanding, 22, 27, SE/TE: 39, Assess Your Understanding, 39, SE/TE: 45, Apply it, 45, SE/TE: 54, Figure, 54, 0 SE/TE: 61, 175, 211, 226, Do the Math, 61, Figure, 175, Assess Your Understanding, 211, Review and Assessment, 226, 1 SE/TE: 40, 62, 99, 188, 227, Apply it, 40, Review and Assessment, 62, 99, 188, 227 PO 3. Explain the role of a hypothesis in a scientific inquiry. SE/TE: 18-27, My Science Online, 19, 21, Unlock The Big Question, 18, Explore the Big Question, 26, Answer the Big Question, 26, My Planet Diary, 18, Lab Zone, 18, 20, 26, 27, Vocabulary, 19, Assess Your Understanding, 20, 26, 27, Figure, 19, 22, 25, 27, Apply it, 21, Do the Math, 23, Virtual Lab, 24 Concept 2: Scientific Testing (Investigating and Modeling) Design and conduct controlled investigations. PO 1. Demonstrate safe behavior and appropriate procedures (e.g., use and care of technology, materials, organisms) in all science inquiry. SE/TE: , Unlock The Big Question, 100, My Science Online, 101, 105, My Planet Diary, 100, Lab Zone, 100, 104, 105, Vocabulary, 101, Assess Your Understanding, 104, 105, Figure, 101, 102, 105, Apply it, 104 PO 2. Design an investigation to test individual variables using scientific processes. SE/TE: 21, 22, 27, Apply it, 21, Assess Your Understanding, 22, 27, SE/TE: 39, Assess Your Understanding, 39, SE/TE: 45, Apply it, 45, SE/TE: 54, Figure, 54, 0 SE/TE: 61, 175, 211, 226, Do the Math, 61, Figure, 175, Assess Your Understanding, 211, Review and Assessment, 226, 1 SE/TE: 40, 62, 99, 188, 227, Apply it, 40, Review and Assessment, 62, 99, 188, 227 = Module One, etc. 2

3 PO 3. Conduct a controlled investigation, utilizing multiple trials, to test a hypothesis using scientific processes. SE/TE: 21, 22, 27, Apply it, 21, Assess Your Understanding, 22, 27, SE/TE: 39, Assess Your Understanding, 39, SE/TE: 45, Apply it, 45, SE/TE: 54, Figure, 54, 0 SE/TE: 61, 175, 211, 226, Do the Math, 61, Figure, 175, Assess Your Understanding, 211, Review and Assessment, 226, 1 SE/TE: 40, 62, 99, 188, 227, Apply it, 40, Review and Assessment, 62, 99, 188, 227 PO 4. Perform measurements using appropriate scientific tools (e.g., balances, microscopes, probes, micrometers). SE/TE: 66-69, 70-79, The Big Question, 66, Untamed Science, 66, My Science Online, 67, 71, 73, Check Your Understanding, 68, My Reading Web, 68, Vocab Flash Cards, 69, Unlock The Big Question, 70, Explore the Big Question, Answer the Big Question, My Planet Diary, 70, Lab Zone, 70, 71, 79, Vocabulary, 71, Assess Your Understanding, 71, 79, Figure, 72, 73, 74, 76, 77, 78, 79, Apply it, Do the Math, 76, Virtual Lab, 71, Appendix B, 153 PO 5. Keep a record of observations, notes, sketches, questions, and ideas using tools such as written and/or computer logs. SE/TE: xxiii-3, 4-9, Big Ideas of Science, xxiii, The Big Question, xx, Untamed Science, xx, My Science Online, 1, 5, 11, 15, 19, 21, Check Your Understanding, 2, My Reading Web,2, Vocab Flash Cards, 3, Unlock The Big Question, 4, My Planet Diary, 4, Lab Zone, 4, 9, Vocabulary, 5, Assess Your Understanding, 9, Figure, 5, 6, 7, Do the Math, 7, 23, Virtual Lab, 8, Interactive Art, 9 Concept 3: Analysis and Conclusions Analyze and interpret data to explain correlations and results; formulate new questions. PO 1. Analyze data obtained in a scientific investigation to identify trends. (See M07-S2C1-08) SE/TE: Figure, 78, 90, 97, Assess Your Understanding, 79, 83, Do the Math, 7, 23, 55, 134, Review and Assessment, 148, Apply it, 45, 91, SE/TE: Figure, 13, 21, 49, 81, 89, 91, 147, Assess Your Understanding, 109, 120, 153, Review and Assessment, 124, SE/TE: Figure, 68, 81, 113, Apply it, 48, SE/TE: Figure, 20, 50, 62, 75, 104, 138, 142, 144, 175, Assess Your Understanding, 95, Review and Assessment, 65, = Module One, etc. 3

4 (Continued) SE/TE: Figure, 129, 140, 157, Assess Your Understanding, 49, 57, 141, Do the Math, 21, Review and Assessment, 38, 70, Apply it, 6-7, SE/TE: Figure, 44, 47, 56, 114, 136, 148, 181, 194, Assess Your Understanding, 165, Do the Math, 99, Review and Assessment, 76, Apply it, 20, 190, SE/TE: Figure, 23, 60, 95, 96, 111, 112, 115, 119, 137, 169, 178, Assess Your Understanding, 49, 53, Do the Math, 26, 149, 174, Review and Assessment, 35, 65, 157, Apply it, 85, 143, SE/TE: Figure, 27, 43, 59, 87, 102, 111, 140, 179, 229, 214, 248, 269, Assess Your Understanding, 48, Do the Math, 65, 99, 152, 160, 193, 261, 268, Review and Assessment, 75, 197, 236, Apply it, 122, SE/TE: Figure, 48, 70, 82, 106, 142, 149, 189, 270, Assess Your Understanding, 194, Do the Math, 55, 107, 279, Review and Assessment, 27, 28, 94, 129, 161, 205, 249, 284, Apply it, 12, 83120, 126, 0 SE/TE: Figure, 10, 25, 41, 43, 45, 74, 125, 139, 145, 184, 222, Assess Your Understanding, 42, 50, 51, 52, 59, 60, 173, 221, Do the Math, 93, 169, 203, Review and Assessment, 31, 64, 190, 225, Apply it, 135, 1 SE/TE: Figure, 14, 15, 42, 48, 90, 110, 113, 137, 160, 171, 175, 209, 210, 227, Assess Your Understanding, Do the Math, 81, 205, Review and Assessment, 23, 24, 61, 77, 100, 127, 149, 150, 227, 2 SE/TE: Figure, 8, 35, 42, 74, 76, 82, 113, Assess Your Understanding, Do the Math, 112, Review and Assessment, 25, 59, 89, Apply it, 75, 123 PO 2. Form a logical argument about a correlation between variables or sequence of events (e.g., construct a cause-and-effect chain that explains a sequence of events). SE/TE: 17, 141, 147, Your Understanding, 17, Review and Assessment, 147, Apply it, 141, SE/TE: 9, 23, 67, 85, 107, 127, 153, Figure, 107, Assess Your Understanding, 9, 85, Review and Assessment, 23, 67, 127, 153, SE/TE: 45, 54, 58, 69, 93, 95, Assess Your Understanding, 45, 54, 69, 93, Review and Assessment, 58, 95, SE/TE: 31, 65, 66, 102, 110, 173, 189, ,Figure, 173, Assess Your Understanding, 102, 189, Review and Assessment, 31, 65, 66, 110, , SE/TE: 17, 31, 37, 38, 51, 93, 101, 115, 117, 159, Assess Your Understanding, 17, 31, 51, 93, 101, 115, Review and Assessment, 37, 38, 117, 159, SE/TE: Assess Your Understanding, 17, 49, Review and Assessment, 34, 119, 169, = Module One, etc. 4

5 (Continued) SE/TE: 7, 27, 53, 66, 79, 85, 100, 126, 157, 175, Assess Your Understanding, 7, 27, 53, 79, 85, 175, Review and Assessment, 66, 100, 126, 157, SE/TE: 43, 55, 117, 129, 156, 166, 197, 218, 235, 267, Figure, 267, Assess Your Understanding, 43, 55, 117, 156, 218, Review and Assessment, 129, 166, 197, 235, SE/TE: 25, 40, 57, 89, 94, 126, 140, 150, 163,200, 203, 207, 227, 262, 269, 275, 283, Figure, 140, 227, Assess Your Understanding, 25, 40, 89, 126, 150, 200, 203, 207, 262, 269, 275, Review and Assessment, 57, 94, 163, 283, 0 SE/TE: 64, 113, 115, 133, 137, Assess Your Understanding, 113, 133, 137, Review and Assessment, 64, 115, 1 SE/TE: 43, 83, 99, Assess Your Understanding, 43, 83, Review and Assessment, 99, 2 SE/TE: 25, 59, Review and Assessment, 25, 59 PO 3. Analyze results of data collection in order to accept or reject the hypothesis. SE/TE: Figure, 78, 90, 97, Assess Your Understanding, 79, 83, Do the Math, 7, 23, 55, 134, Review and Assessment, 148, Apply it, 45, 91, SE/TE: Figure, 13, 21, 49, 81, 89, 91, 147, Assess Your Understanding, 109, 120, 153, Review and Assessment, 124, SE/TE: Figure, 68, 81, 113, Apply it, 48, SE/TE: Figure, 20, 50, 62, 75, 104, 138, 142, 144, 175, Assess Your Understanding, 95, Review and Assessment, 65, SE/TE: Figure, 129, 140, 157, Assess Your Understanding, 49, 57, 141, Do the Math, 21, Review and Assessment, 38, 70, Apply it, 6-7, SE/TE: Figure, 44, 47, 56, 114, 136, 148, 181, 194, Assess Your Understanding, 165, Do the Math, 99, Review and Assessment, 76, Apply it, 20, 190, SE/TE: Figure, 23, 60, 95, 96, 111, 112, 115, 119, 137, 169, 178, Assess Your Understanding, 49, 53, Do the Math, 26, 149, 174, Review and Assessment, 35, 65, 157, Apply it, 85, 143, SE/TE: Figure, 27, 43, 59, 87, 102, 111, 140, 179, 229, 214, 248, 269, Assess Your Understanding, 48, Do the Math, 65, 99, 152, 160, 193, 261, 268, Review and Assessment, 75, 197, 236, Apply it, 122, = Module One, etc. 5

6 (Continued) SE/TE: Figure, 48, 70, 82, 106, 142, 149, 189, 270, Assess Your Understanding, 194, Do the Math, 55, 107, 279, Review and Assessment, 27, 28, 94, 129, 161, 205, 249, 284, Apply it, 12, 83120, 126, 0 SE/TE: Figure, 10, 25, 41, 43, 45, 74, 125, 139, 145, 184, 222, Assess Your Understanding, 42, 50, 51, 52, 59, 60, 173, 221, Do the Math, 93, 169, 203, Review and Assessment, 31, 64, 190, 225, Apply it, 135, 1 SE/TE: Figure, 14, 15, 42, 48, 90, 110, 113, 137, 160, 171, 175, 209, 210, 227, Assess Your Understanding, Do the Math, 81, 205, Review and Assessment, 23, 24, 61, 77, 100, 127, 149, 150, 227, 2 SE/TE: Figure, 8, 35, 42, 74, 76, 82, 113, Assess Your Understanding, Do the Math, 112, Review and Assessment, 25, 59, 89, Apply it, 75, 123 PO 4. Determine validity and reliability of results of an investigation. SE/TE: 105, 108, 145, 147, Figure, 105, Assess Your Understanding, 145, Review and Assessment, 108, 147, SE/TE: 93, 123, Figure, 123, Review and Assessment, 93, SE/TE: 17, 30, 55, 95, Figure, 55, Assess Your Understanding, 17, Review and Assessment, 30, 95, SE/TE: 7, 11, 22, 131, 158, Figure, 11, 22, Assess Your Understanding, 7, 131, Review and Assessment, 158, SE/TE: 61, 106, 112, Figure, 106, 112, Assess Your Understanding, 61, Apply it, 109, SE/TE: 116, 137, 141, 146, 161,Figure, 116, Assess Your Understanding, 137, 141, 146, Review and Assessment, 119, Apply it, 161, SE/TE: 149, 185, Figure, 149, Review and Assessment, 185, SE/TE: 127, 188, Figure, 188, Assess Your Understanding, 127, SE/TE: 9, 130, 247, 250, Assess Your Understanding, 9, 247, Review and Assessment, 130, 250, 0 SE/TE: 32, Review and Assessment, 32, 1 SE/TE: 149, Review and Assessment, 149, = Module One, etc. 6

7 PO 5. Formulate a conclusion based on data analysis. SE/TE: 134, Do the Math, 134, Review and Assessment, 29, Apply it, 21, 59, 104, 137, SE/TE: 44, 58, 82, 92, 114, 115, 123, Figure, 92, 114, Assess Your Understanding, 115, 123, Do the Math, 44, Review and Assessment, 58, Apply it, 82, SE/TE: 105, 109, 129, 198, Assess Your Understanding, 129, Review and Assessment, 109, 198, Apply it, 105, SE/TE: 21, 52, 63, 64, 137, 153, Figure, 63, 137, Assess Your Understanding, 21, 52, Review and Assessment, 159, Apply it, 64, 153, SE/TE: 7, 33, 67, 91, 170, 204, Figure, 91, Assess Your Understanding, 7, 33, Review and Assessment, 170, 204, Apply it, 67, SE/TE: 21, 26, 77, 123, 125, 136, 175, 185, Figure, 21, 77, 175, Assess Your Understanding, 123, 136, Do the Math, 26, Review and Assessment, 125, 185, SE/TE: 12, 18, 21, 29, 45, 50, 60, 89, 99, 122, 157, 161, 165, 177, 181, 198, 215, 227, 231, 235, 282, Figure, 12, 29, 89, 161, 177, Assess Your Understanding, 18, 60, 99, 215, 227, Review and Assessment, 165, 198, 235, 282, Apply it, 21, 45, 50, 122, 157, 181, 231, SE/TE: 15, 57, 73, 107, 129, 147, 149, 157, 161, 173, 187, 201, 230, 223, 249, 260, 281, 283, Figure, 149, 173, Assess Your Understanding, 15, 73, 107, 147, 157, 223, 281, Do the Math, 187, 201, Review and Assessment, 57, 129, 161, 249, 283, Apply it, 230, 260, 0 SE/TE: 7, 27, 59, 63, 153, 181, Figure, 59, Assess Your Understanding, 7, 181, Do the Math, 27, Review and Assessment, 63, 153, 1 SE/TE: 72, 81, 111, 115, 149, 159, 160, 164, 221, 227, Figure, 72, 115, 221, 159, 160, Do the Math, 81, 111, Review and Assessment, 149, 227, Apply it, 164, 2 SE/TE: Figure, 12, 73, Assess Your Understanding, 85, Review and Assessment, 26, 127 PO 6. Refine hypotheses based on results from investigations. SE/TE: 20, Assess Your Understanding, 20, SE/TE: 5, 24, 43, 59, 135, 144, Figure, 5, 59, 135, 144, Assess Your Understanding, 43, Review and Assessment, 24, 68, SE/TE: 79, 141, Apply it, 79, Review and Assessment, 141, SE/TE: 29, 82, 185, Assess Your Understanding, 29, Figure, 185, Apply it, 82, = Module One, etc. 7

8 (Continued) SE/TE: 35, 159, Assess Your Understanding, 35, Review and Assessment, 159, SE/TE: 9, 33, 53, Do the Math, 9, Review and Assessment, 33, Assess Your Understanding, 53, SE/TE: 55, 170, Assess Your Understanding, 55, Apply it, 170, SE/TE: 8, 95, 119, 130, 210, Figure, 8, 119, 210, Assess Your Understanding, 95, Review and Assessment, 130, SE/TE: 11, 88, 176, 193, Figure, 11, 88, Apply it, 176, Assess Your Understanding, 193, 0 SE/TE: 209, Apply it, SE/TE: 203, Apply it, 203 PO Formulate new questions based on the results of a previous investigation. SE/TE: Assess Your Understanding Concept 4: Communication Communicate results of investigations. PO 1. Choose an appropriate graphic representation for collected data: line graph SE/TE: 88-91, Unlock The Big Question, 88, My Planet Diary, 88, Lab Zone, 88, 91, My Science Online, 89, Vocabulary, 89, Assess Your Understanding, 91, Figure, 90, 91, Apply it, 91, Interactive Art, 89 double bar graph SE/TE: 88-91, Unlock The Big Question, 88, My Planet Diary, 88, Lab Zone, 88, 91, My Science Online, 89, Vocabulary, 89, Assess Your Understanding, 91, Figure, 90, 91, Apply it, 91, Interactive Art, 89 stem and leaf plot SE/TE: 88-91, Unlock The Big Question, 88, My Planet Diary, 88, Lab Zone, 88, 91, My Science Online, 89, Vocabulary, 89, Assess Your Understanding, 91, Figure, 90, 91, Apply it, 91, Interactive Art, 89 histogram (See M07-S2C1-03 SE/TE: 88-91, Unlock The Big Question, 88, My Planet Diary, 88, Lab Zone, 88, 91, My Science Online, 89, Vocabulary, 89, Assess Your Understanding, 91, Figure, 90, 91, Apply it, 91, Interactive Art, 89 PO 2. Display data collected from a controlled investigation. (See M07-S2C1-03) SE/TE: 88-91, Unlock The Big Question, 88, My Planet Diary, 88, Lab Zone, 88, 91, My Science Online, 89, Vocabulary, 89, Assess Your Understanding, 91, Figure, 90, 91, Apply it, 91, Interactive Art, 89 = Module One, etc. 8

9 PO 3. Communicate the results of an investigation with appropriate use of qualitative and quantitative information. (See W-E6-PO1) SE/TE: xxiii-3, 4-9, Big Ideas of Science, xxiii, The Big Question, xx, Untamed Science, xx, My Science Online, 1, 5, 11, 15, 19, 21, Check Your Understanding, 2, My Reading Web,2, Vocab Flash Cards, 3, Unlock The Big Question, 4, My Planet Diary, 4, Lab Zone, 4, 9, Vocabulary, 5, Assess Your Understanding, 9, Figure, 5, 6, 7, Do the Math, 7, 23, Virtual Lab, 8, Interactive Art, 9 PO 4. Write clear, step-by-step instructions for following procedures (without the use of personal pronouns). SE/TE: 26, Explore the Big Question, 26, Interactive Art, 26 PO 5. Communicate the results and conclusion of the investigation. SE/TE: 25, Figure, 25 Strand 2: History and Nature of Science Scientific investigation grows from the contributions of many people. History and Nature of Science emphasizes the importance of the inclusion of historical perspectives and the advances that each new development brings to technology and human knowledge. This strand focuses on the human aspects of science and the role that scientists play in the development of various cultures. Concept 1: History of Science as a Human Endeavor Identify individual, cultural, and technological contributions to scientific knowledge. PO 1. Identify how diverse people and/or cultures, past and present, have made important contributions to scientific innovations (e.g., Rachel Carson [scientist], supports Strand 4; Luis Alvarez [scientist] and Walter Alvarez [scientist], support Strand 6; Percival Lowell [scientist], supports Strand 6; Copernicus [scientist], supports Strand 6). SE/TE: 32, 48-51, Unlock The Big Question, 48, 52, My Planet Diary, 48, 52, Lab Zone, 48, 51, Vocabulary, 49, Assess Your Understanding, 51, Figure, 49, Apply it, 51, Interactive Art, 50, Science and History, 32 SE/TE: 80-81, Figure, 80-81, My Science Online, 81, Assess Your Understanding, 81 SE/TE: 92, My Planet Diary, 92, Lab Zone, 92 PO 2. Describe how a major milestone in science or technology has revolutionized the thinking of the time (e.g., global positioning system, telescopes, seismographs, photography). SE/TE: , My Science Online, 117, 119, 121, Unlock The Big Question, 118, Explore the Big Question, 122, Answer the Big Question, 123, My Planet Diary, 118, Lab Zone, 118, 120, 123, Vocabulary, 119, Assess Your Understanding, 120, 123, Figure, 119, Apply it, 121 M 5 SE/TE: 57-58, 62-67, Unlock the Big Question, 62, 126, My Planet Diary, 62, 126, 132, 136, Lab Zone, 58, 62, 63, 65, 67, 126, 127, 131, My Science On-Line, 57, 63, 65, 67, 127, 129, Vocabulary, 63, 127, Assess Your Understanding, 58, 63, 65, 67, 126, 131, Figure, 57, 58, 66, 127, 130, 131, Apply it, 64, 131, Do the Math, 134, Interactive Art, 67, 129 = Module One, etc. 9

10 (Continued) 2 SE/TE: 80-87, Unlock the Big Question, 80, My Planet Diary, 80, Lab Zone, 83, 85, 87, My Science On-Line, 81, 85, 87, Vocabulary, 81, Assess Your Understanding, 83, 85, 87, Figure, 86, Do the Math, 83, Interactive Art, 82, Art in Motion, 85, 87 PO 3. M 7 Analyze the impact of a major scientific development occurring within the past decade. SE/TE: , Unlock The Big Question, 152, My Planet Diary, 152, Lab Zone, 152, 155, Vocabulary, 153, Assess Your Understanding, 155, Apply it, 153 PO 4. Analyze the use of technology in science-related careers. SE/TE: 52-59, Unlock The Big Question, 52, My Planet Diary, 52, Lab Zone, 52, 55, 57, 59, Vocabulary, 53, Assess Your Understanding, 55, 57, 59, Figure, 53, 54, Apply it, 59, Do the Math, 55, Interactive Art, 58 Concept 2: Nature of Scientific Knowledge Understand how science is a process for generating knowledge. PO 1. Describe how science is an ongoing process that changes in response to new information and discoveries. SE/TE: 10-17,Big Ideas of Science, xxiii, The Big Question, xx, Untamed Science, xx, My Science Online, 11, 15, Check Your Understanding, 2, My Reading Web,2, Vocab Flash Cards, 3, Unlock The Big Question, 10, 18, My Planet Diary, 10, 18, Lab Zone, 10, 13, 17, Vocabulary, 11, Assess Your Understanding, 13, 17, Figure, 11, 12, 15, Apply it, 13, 14, 17, Interactive Art, 16 PO 2. Describe how scientific knowledge is subject to change as new information and/or technology challenges prevailing theories. SE/TE: 10-17,Big Ideas of Science, xxiii, The Big Question, xx, Untamed Science, xx, My Science Online, 11, 15, Check Your Understanding, 2, My Reading Web,2, Vocab Flash Cards, 3, Unlock The Big Question, 10, 18, My Planet Diary, 10, 18, Lab Zone, 10, 13, 17, Vocabulary, 11, Assess Your Understanding, 13, 17, Figure, 11, 12, 15, Apply it, 13, 14, 17, Interactive Art, 16 PO 3. Apply the following scientific processes to other problem solving or decision making situations: Observing SE/TE: 5, 6, 29, 104, Figure, 5,6, Review and Assessment, 29, Apply it 104, SE/TE: 45, 46, 104, Figure, 45, 104, Apply it, 46, SE/TE: 82, Apply it, 82, SE/TE: 25, 86, 125, 168, 170, 181, Figure, 25, 86, 168, 181, Apply it, 125, 170, SE/TE: 5, Figure, 5, SE/TE: 7, 31, 55, 73, 198, Figure, 55, 73, 198, Assess Your Understanding, 31, Apply it, 7, = Module One, etc. 10

11 (Continued) SE/TE: 11, 33, 75, 167, 177, Figure, 11, 33, 75, 167, 177, SE/TE: 15, 18, 71, 103, 152, 223, Figure, Assess 15, 152, 223, Assess Your Understanding, 18, Apply it, 71, 103, SE/TE: 17, 52, 230, 241, Figure, 52, 241, Apply it, 17, 230, 0 SE/TE: 24, 81, 98, 141, Figure, 24, 81, 141, Apply it, 98, 1 SE/TE: 203, 216, Figure, 216, Apply it, 203, 2 SE/TE: 21, 51, 89, Figure, 21, Review and Assessment, 89, Apply it, 51 2 Questioning SE/TE: The Big Question, Unlocking the Big Question, Explore the Big Question, Answer the Big Question Communicating SE/TE: 25, 30, 59, 119, 128, 135, Figure, 25, 135, Assess Your Understanding, 119, Review and Assessment, 30, Apply it, 59, 128, SE/TE: 19, 143, Figure, 19, 143, SE/TE: 71, 89, 126, Figure, 71, Apply it, 89, 126, SE/TE: 18, 51, 91, 107, 183, Figure, 18, 51, 91, 107, Apply it, 183, SE/TE: 101, Apply it, 101, SE/TE: 17, 23, 74, 105, 145, 150, 183, Figure, 23, 150, Assess Your Understanding, 17, Apply it, 74, 105, 145, 183, SE/TE: 138, 153, Figure, 138, Assess Your Understanding, 153, SE/TE: 70, 94, 197, 211, 261, Apply it, 94, Figure, 70, 211, 261, Review and Assessment, 197, SE/TE: 23, 69, 126, 130, 153, 205, 242, 246, Figure, 9, 69, 153, 242, 246, Review and Assessment, 130, 205, Apply it, 233, 126, 0 SE/TE: 89, 107, Figure, 89, 107, = Module One, etc. 11

12 (Continued) 1 SE/TE: 139, Figure, 139, 2 SE/TE: 77, 111, Figure, 77, 111 Comparing SE/TE: 9, 29, 91, 107, 147, Assess Your Understanding, 9, 91, Review and Assessment, 29, 107, 147, SE/TE: 12, 20, 50, 67, 93-94, 136, Figure, 12, 136, Assess Your Understanding, 50, Review and Assessment, 67, 93-94, Apply it, 20, SE/TE: 49, Figure, 9, 15, 29, 49, 95, Assess Your Understanding, 9, 15, 49, Review and Assessment, 29, 95, SE/TE: 15, 19, 27, 65, 66, 76, 92, 109, , 139, 147, 179, Figure, 19 92, 179, Assess Your Understanding, 15, 27, 76, 121, 139, 147, Review and Assessment, 65, 66, 109, 110, SE/TE: 35,37, 58, 65, 69, 91, 108, 115, 117, 129, 160, 161, Figure, 108, 129, 160, 161, Assess Your Understanding, 35, 58, 65, 91, 115, Review and Assessment, 37, 69, 117, SE/TE: 27, 49, 94, 113, 119, 180, 189, Figure, 180, 189, Assess Your Understanding, 27, 49, 94, 113, Review and Assessment, 119, SE/TE: 11, 25, 33, 35, 36, 54, 59, 62, 76, 99, 100, 157, 185, Figure, 25, 59, 62, Assess Your Understanding, 11, 33, 76, Review and Assessment, 35, 36, 99, 100, 157, 185, Apply it, 54, SE/TE: 23, 32, 63, 75, 92, 129,141, 146, 153, 165, 192, 211, 213, 227, 235, 247, 258, 269, 279, 281, Figure, 23, 146, 153, 192, 211, 213, 227, 247, Assess Your Understanding, 63, 92, 141, 258, 269, 279, Review and Assessment, 32, 75, 129, 165, 235, 281, SE/TE: 12, 17, 27, 43, 57, 67, 79, 85, 112, 161, 174, 179, 205, 226, 249, 283, Figure, 43, 67, 79, 174, 179, 226, Assess Your Understanding, 17, 85, 112, Review and Assessment, 27, 57, 161, 205, 249, 283, Apply it, 12, 0 SE/TE: 5, 31, 50, 63, 85, 98,105, 109, 110, 187, 201, 216, 219, Figure, 5, 109, 216, 219, Assess Your Understanding, 50, 85, 105, 110, 187, 201, Review and Assessment, 31, 63, Apply it, 98, 1 SE/TE: 23, 87, 117, 127, 128, Figure, 117, Assess Your Understanding, 87, Review and Assessment, 23, 127, 128, 2 SE/TE: 25, 57, 89, 117, 127, Assess Your Understanding, 57, 117, Review and Assessment, 25, 89, 127 = Module One, etc. 12

13 Measuring SE/TE: 80-87, Unlock The Big Question, 80, Explore the Big Question, 86, Answer the Big Question, 87, My Planet Diary, 80, Lab Zone, 80, 83, 87, My Science Online, 81, 85, Vocabulary, 81, Assess Your Understanding, 83, 87, Figure, 82, 83, 86, Apply it, Do the Math, 81, 84, Virtual Lab, Interactive Art, 87 Classifying SE/TE: 8, 9, 14, 17, 118,Figure, 8, 118,Assess Your Understanding, 9, 17, Apply it, 14,, 7, 33, 47, 60, 63, , Figure, 33, 60, 63, , Assess Your Understanding, 7, 47, Review and Assessment, 23, 94, SE/TE: 29, 38, 40, 57, 84, 106, 133, 141, Figure, 38, 40, 84, 106, Assess Your Understanding, 43, Review and Assessment, 29, 57, 141, Apply it, 133, M 4, 7, 63, 125, 133, 135, 137, 139, Figure, 7, 133, Assess Your Understanding, 63, 125, 135, 137, 139, Review and Assessment, 31, Apply it, 26,M 5, 69-70, 114, 160, Review and Assessment, 69-70, 160, Apply it, 114, SE/TE: 9, 34, Assess Your Understanding, 9, Review and Assessment, 34, SE/TE: 24, 27, 35, 89, Figure, 24, 89, Assess Your Understanding, 27, Review and Assessment, 35, SE/TE: 24, 48, 60, 63, 75, 141, 150, 182, 210, 230, 281, Figure, 48, 150, 210, 230, Assess Your Understanding, 60, 63, Review and Assessment, 75, 281, Apply it, 24, 141, 182, SE/TE: 39, 46, 75, 93, 129, 161, 205, 218, Figure, 39, 46, 75, Assess Your Understanding, 218, Review and Assessment, 93, 129, 161, 205, Apply it, 71, 238, 0 SE/TE: 7, 22, 31, 63, 86, 103, 116, 150, 153,154, 181, 180, 189, 215, Figure, 86, 215, Assess Your Understanding, 7, 22, 150, 181, Review and Assessment, 31, 63, 116, 153,154, 189, Apply it, 103, 180, 2 SE/TE: 79, 109, 116, 125, Figure, 79, 116, Assess Your Understanding, 109,125, Review and Assessment, 25, 89,127, Apply it, 109 Predicting SE/TE: Figure, 7, Do the Math, 23, Do the Math, 23, Review and Assessment, 29, Apply it, 51, SE/TE: Figure, 108, 145, Assess Your Understanding, 21, 43, 79, 113, Review and Assessment, 94, 153, Apply it, 121, SE/TE: Figure, 39, Assess Your Understanding, 43, Review and Assessment, 29, 57, Apply it, 93, SE/TE: Figure, 5, 58, 125, 145, 171, Assess Your Understanding, 83, 95, Do the Math, 21, Review and Assessment, 32, 157, Apply it, 61, 125, 153, = Module One, etc. 13

14 (Continued) SE/TE: Figure, 8, 115, Assess Your Understanding, 17, 144, Review and Assessment, 37, 118, Apply it, , SE/TE: Figure, 21, Assess Your Understanding, 57, Do the Math, 99, Review and Assessment, 119, 169, Apply it, 74, SE/TE: Figure, 30, 77, 141, Assess Your Understanding, 33, 63, Review and Assessment, 65, 99, Apply it, 31, 79, SE/TE: Figure, 69, 263, 667, Assess Your Understanding, 120, Review and Assessment, 31, 75, 76, 130, 236, Apply it, 53, 88, 218, 264, SE/TE: Figure, 13, 38, 229, Assess Your Understanding, 105, 123, 198, Review and Assessment, 57, 129, 163, Apply it, 150, 0 SE/TE: Figure, 21, 58, 73, 186, Assess Your Understanding, 25, 55, 82, 87, 145, Review and Assessment, 63, 116, 225, Apply it, 83, 127, 186, 1 SE/TE: Figure, 14, 18, Assess Your Understanding, 47, 59, 83, Do the Math, 176, Review and Assessment, 188, 227, Apply it, 82, 211, 2 SE/TE: Figure, 9, 15, 37, 49, 70, Do the Math, 112, Review and Assessment, 26 organizing data SE/TE: 8, 9, 14, 17, 118,Figure, 8, 118,Assess Your Understanding, 9, 17, Apply it, 14,, 7, 33, 47, 60, 63, , Figure, 33, 60, 63, , Assess Your Understanding, 7, 47, Review and Assessment, 23, 94, SE/TE: 29, 38, 40, 57, 84, 106, 133, 141, Figure, 38, 40, 84, 106, Assess Your Understanding, 43, Review and Assessment, 29, 57, 141, Apply it, 133, SE/TE: 7, 63, 125, 133, 135, 137, 139, Figure, 7, 133, Assess Your Understanding, 63, 125, 135, 137, 139, Review and Assessment, 31, Apply it, 26,M 5, 69-70, 114, 160, Review and Assessment, 69-70, 160, Apply it, 114, SE/TE: 9, 34, Assess Your Understanding, 9, Review and Assessment, 34, SE/TE: 24, 27, 35, 89, Figure, 24, 89, Assess Your Understanding, 27, Review and Assessment, 35, SE/TE: 24, 48, 60, 63, 75, 141, 150, 182, 210, 230, 281, Figure, 48, 150, 210, 230, Assess Your Understanding, 60, 63, Review and Assessment, 75, 281, Apply it, 24, 141, 182, = Module One, etc. 14

15 (Continued) SE/TE: 39, 46, 75, 93, 129, 161, 205, 218, Figure, 39, 46, 75, Assess Your Understanding, 218, Review and Assessment, 93, 129, 161, 205, Apply it, 71, 238, 0 SE/TE: 7, 22, 31, 63, 86, 103, 116, 150, 153,154, 181, 180, 189, 215, Figure, 86, 215, Assess Your Understanding, 7, 22, 150, 181, Review and Assessment, 31, 63, 116, 153,154, 189, Apply it, 103, 180, 2 SE/TE: 79, 109, 116, 125, Figure, 79, 116, Assess Your Understanding, 109,125, Review and Assessment, 25, 89,127, Apply it, 109 Inferring SE/TE: 6, 29, 53, 58, 77, 117, 121, 143,145, Figure, 6, 53, 58, 77, 117, 145, Assess Your Understanding, 121, 143, Review and Assessment, 29, SE/TE: 11, 21, 23, 46, 56, 68, 77, 78, 79, 105, 111, 123, 143, 151, 154, Figure, 11, 77, 78, Assess Your Understanding, 21, 56, 105, 143, 151, Review and Assessment, 23, 68, 154, Apply it, 46, 79, 111, 123, SE/TE: 29, 45, 69, 108, 112, 141, Figure, 108, Assess Your Understanding, 45, Review and Assessment, 29, 141, Apply it, 69, 112, SE/TE: 20, 23, 32, 55, 56, 76, 98, 109, 136, 143, 149, 157, 170, 186, 187, 198, Figure, 55, 136, 143, 186, 187, Assess Your Understanding, 20, 23, Review and Assessment, 32, 109, 157, 198, Apply it, 56, 76, 98, 149, 170, SE/TE: Figure, 14, 23,, 26, Assess Your Understanding, 13, 67, Review and Assessment, 37, SE/TE: 25, 52, 63, 64, 67, 132, 143, 188, 191, Figure, 25, 63, 64, 143, 188, 191, Assess Your Understanding, 67, Review and Assessment, 119, Apply it, 52, 132, SE/TE: 8, 19, 31, 35, 36, 51, 85, 110, 126, 168, 185, Figure, 8, 19, 31, 51, 168, Assess Your Understanding, 21, 183, Review and Assessment, 35, 36, 126, 185, Apply It, 31, 85, 110, SE/TE: 45, 86, 95, 113, 147, 166, 178,185, 210, 281, Assess Your Understanding, 86, 95, 147, 185, 210, Review and Assessment, 166, 281, Apply it, 45, 113, 178, SE/TE: 9, 27, 47, 54, 57, 85, 93, 103, 111, 121, 177, 195, 206, 224, 260, 271, 283, Figure, 85, 103, 121, 177, 224, Assess Your Understanding, 9, 47, 271, 195, 260, Do the Math, 54, 111, Review and Assessment, 27, 57, 93, 206, 283, 0 SE/TE: 9, 57, 91, 95, 10, 132, 136, 17, 153, 154, 199,Figure, 104, 132, 147, Assess Your Understanding, 57, 91, 95, Review and Assessment, 153, 154, Apply it, 9, 91, 136, 199, = Module One, etc. 15

16 (Continued) 1 SE/TE: 13, 89, 95, 125, 128, 149, 185, 187, 199, 217, Figure, 95, 125, 185, 217, Assess Your Understanding, 19, Review and Assessment, 128, 149, 187, Apply it, 13, 89, 199, 2 SE/TE: 20, 38, 59, 85, 86, 100, 123, Figure, 20, 86, 100, Assess Your Understanding, 85, Do the Math, 38, Review and Assessment, 59, Apply it, 123 generating hypotheses SE/TE: 20, Assess Your Understanding, 20, SE/TE: 5, 24, 43, 59, 135, 144, Figure, 5, 59, 135, 144, Assess Your Understanding, 43, Review and Assessment, 24, 68, SE/TE: 79, 141, Apply it, 79, Review and Assessment, 141, SE/TE: 29, 82, 185, Assess Your Understanding, 29, Figure, 185, Apply it, 82, SE/TE: 35, 159, Assess Your Understanding, 35, Review and Assessment, 159, SE/TE: 9, 33, 53, Do the Math, 9, Review and Assessment, 33, Assess Your Understanding, 53, SE/TE: 55, 170, Assess Your Understanding, 55, Apply it, 170, SE/TE: 8, 95, 119, 130, 210, Figure, 8, 119, 210, Assess Your Understanding, 95, Review and Assessment, 130, SE/TE: 11, 88, 176, 193, Figure, 11, 88, Apply it, 176, Assess Your Understanding, 193, 0 SE/TE: 209, Apply it, SE/TE: 203, Apply it, 203 identifying variables SE/TE: 21, 22, 27, Apply it, 21, Assess Your Understanding, 22, 27, SE/TE: 39, Assess Your Understanding, 39, SE/TE: 45, Apply it, 45, = Module One, etc. 16

17 (Continued) SE/TE: 54, Figure, 54, 0 SE/TE: 61, 175, 211, 226, Do the Math, 61, Figure, 175, Assess Your Understanding, 211, Review and Assessment, 226, 1 SE/TE: 40, 62, 99, 188, 227, Apply it, 40, Review and Assessment, 62, 99, 188, 227 Strand 3: Science in Personal and Social Perspectives Science in Personal and Social Perspectives emphasizes developing the ability to design a solution to a problem, to understand the relationship between science and technology, and the ways people are involved in both. Students understand the impact of science and technology on human activity and the environment. This strand affords students the opportunity to understand their place in the world as living creatures, consumers, decision makers, problem solvers, managers, and planners. Concept 1: Changes in Environments Describe the interactions between human populations, natural hazards, and the environment. PO 1. Analyze environmental risks (e.g., pollution, destruction of habitat) caused by human interaction with biological or geological systems. SE/TE: 82-85, 86-91, The Big Question, 82, Untamed Science, 82, My Science Online, 83, 87, Check Your Understanding, 84, My Reading Web, 84, Vocab Flash Cards, 85, Unlock The Big Question, 86, My Planet Diary, 86, Lab Zone, 86, 89, 91, Vocabulary, 87, Assess Your Understanding, 89, 91, Figure, 87, 88, Apply it, 90, Virtual Lab, Interactive Art, 91 PO 2. Analyze environmental benefits of the following human interactions with biological or geological systems: Reforestation SE/TE: , 122, 123, My Science Online, 103, 107, Unlock The Big Question, 102, My Planet Diary, 102, Lab Zone, 102, 105, Vocabulary, 103, Assess Your Understanding, 105, 107, Figure, 103, 107, Apply it, 105, Interactive Art, 104, Think Like a Scientist, 122, Science and History, 123, Careers, 123 habitat restoration SE/TE: , 122, 123, My Science Online, 109, 111, 114, Unlock The Big Question, 108, Explore the Big Question, 116, Answer the Big Question, 117, My Planet Diary, 108, Lab Zone, 108, 110, 113, 117, Vocabulary, 109, Assess Your Understanding, 110, 113, 117, Figure, 109, 110, 111, 113, 11,7 Apply it, 112, Think Like a Scientist, 122, Science and History, 123, Careers, 123 construction of dams M 4 SE/TE: 14, , My Science Online, 14, 131, Figure, 130, Lab Zone, 131 PO 3. Propose possible solutions to address the environmental risks in biological or geological systems. SE/TE: , , Unlock The Big Question, 142, 152, My Planet Diary, 142, 152, Lab Zone, 142, 152, 153, 155, 159, Vocabulary, 143, 153, Assess Your Understanding, 146, 149, 151, 153, 155, 159, Figure, 143, 144, 146, 147, 148, 153, 154, 156, Apply it, 145, 157, Interactive Art, 150, 151 = Module One, etc. 17

18 Concept 2: Science and Technology in Society Develop viable solutions to a need or problem. PO 1. Propose viable methods of responding to an identified need or problem. SE/TE: , , Unlock The Big Question, 142, 152, My Planet Diary, 142, 152, Lab Zone, 142, 152, 153, 155, 159, Vocabulary, 143, 153, Assess Your Understanding, 146, 149, 151, 153, 155, 159, Figure, 143, 144, 146, 147, 148, 153, 154, 156, Apply it, 145, 157, Interactive Art, 150, 151 PO 2. Compare solutions to best address an identified need or problem. SE/TE: , , Unlock The Big Question, 142, 152, My Planet Diary, 142, 152, Lab Zone, 142, 152, 153, 155, 159, Vocabulary, 143, 153, Assess Your Understanding, 146, 149, 151, 153, 155, 159, Figure, 143, 144, 146, 147, 148, 153, 154, 156, Apply it, 145, 157, Interactive Art, 150, 151 PO 3. Design and construct a solution to an identified need or problem using simple classroom materials. SE/TE: , , , , Unlock The Big Question, 142, 152, 186, 196, My Planet Diary, 142, 152, 186, 196, Lab Zone, 142, 152, 153, 155, 159, 186, 193, 196, 196, 196, 201, Vocabulary, 143, 153, 187, 197, Assess Your Understanding, 146, 149, 151, 153, 155, 159, 188, 189, 193, 195, 197, 201, Figure, 143, 144, 146, 147, 148, 153, 154, 156, 187, 191, 195, 199, 201, Apply it, 145, 157, 190, 200, Interactive Art, 150, 151, 194 PO 4. Describe a scientific discovery that influences technology. SE/TE: , Unlock The Big Question, 186, Explore the Big Question, 192, Answer the Big Question, 193, My Planet Diary, 186, Lab Zone, 186, 193, 196, Vocabulary, 187, Assess Your Understanding, 188, 189, 193, 195, Figure, 187, 191, 195, Apply it, 190, Interactive Art, 194 Strand 4: Life Science Life Science expands students biological understanding of life by focusing on the characteristics of living things, the diversity of life, and how organisms and populations change over time in terms of biological adaptation and genetics. This understanding includes the relationship of structures to their functions and life cycles, interrelationships of matter and energy in living organisms, and the interactions of living organisms with their environment. Concept 1: Structure and Function in Living Systems Understand the relationships between structures and functions of organisms. No performance objectives at this grade level Concept 2: Reproduction and Heredity Understand the basic principles of heredity. No performance objectives at this grade level Concept 3: Populations of Organisms in an Ecosystem Analyze the relationships among various organisms and their environment. PO 1. Compare food chains in a specified ecosystem and their corresponding food web. SE/TE: 38-41, 42-49, 52-53, The Big Question, 38, Untamed Science, 38, My Science Online, 39, 43, 47, 53, Check Your Understanding, 40, My Reading Web, 40, Vocab Flash Cards, 41, Unlock The Big Question, 42, My Planet Diary, 42, Lab Zone, 42, 45, 49, 53, Vocabulary, 43, Assess Your Understanding, 45, 49, 53, Figure, 43, 44, 53, Apply it, 46, 52, Do the Math, 49, Virtual Lab, 48, Interactive Art, 47 = Module One, etc. 18

19 PO 2. Niches Explain how organisms obtain and use resources to develop and thrive in: SE/TE: xx-3, 18-27, Big Ideas of Science, xx, The Big Question, xxii, Untamed Science, xxii, My Science Online, 1, 19, 21, Check Your Understanding, 2, My Reading Web, 2, Vocab Flash Cards, 3, Unlock The Big Question, 18, My Planet Diary, 18, Lab Zone, 18, Vocabulary, 19, 20, 27, Assess Your Understanding, 20, 24, 27, Figure, 19, 21, 25, Apply it, 20, 27, Interactive Art, 23 predator/prey relationships SE/TE: xx-3, 18-27, Big Ideas of Science, xx, The Big Question, xxii, Untamed Science, xxii, My Science Online, 1, 19, 21, Check Your Understanding, 2, My Reading Web, 2, Vocab Flash Cards, 3, Unlock The Big Question, 18, My Planet Diary, 18, Lab Zone, 18, Vocabulary, 19, 20, 27, Assess Your Understanding, 20, 24, 27, Figure, 19, 21, 25, Apply it, 20, 27, Interactive Art, 23 PO 3. Analyze the interactions of living organisms with their ecosystems: limiting factors SE/TE: xx-3, 10-17, Big Ideas of Science, xx, The Big Question, xxii, Untamed Science, xxii, My Science Online, 1, 11, 15, Check Your Understanding, 2, My Reading Web, 2, Vocab Flash Cards, 3, Unlock The Big Question, 10, My Planet Diary, 10, Lab Zone, 10, 14, 17, Assess Your Understanding, 14, 17, Figure, 12, 15, Apply it, 14, 17, Do the Math, 11, Interactive Art, 13 carrying capacity SE/TE: Figure, 16, Apply it, 17, Assess Your Understanding, 17, Lab Zone, 17 PO 4. Evaluate data related to problems associated with population growth (e.g., overgrazing, forest management, invasion of non-native species) and the possible solutions. SE/TE: 82-85, 86-91, 92-97, , The Big Question, 82, Untamed Science, 82, My Science Online, 83, 87, 93, 95, 99, 101, Check Your Understanding, 84, My Reading Web, 84, Vocab Flash Cards, 85, Unlock The Big Question, 86, 92, 98, My Planet Diary, 86, 92, 98, Lab Zone, 86, 89, 91, 92, 94, 97, 98, 99, 101, Vocabulary, 87, 93, 99, Assess Your Understanding, 89, 91, 94, 97, 99, 101, Figure, 87, 88, 94, 95, 97, Apply it, 90, 96, 100, Do the Math, 99, Virtual Lab, Interactive Art, 91 PO 5. Predict how environmental factors (e.g., floods, droughts, temperature changes) affect survival rates in living organisms. SE/TE: 103, , , Apply it, 132, Figure, 133, 154, Lab Zone, 133, 153, 155, My Science Online, 155, Assess Your Understanding, 155, PO 6. Create a model of the interactions of living organisms within an ecosystem. SE/TE: 22, Figure, 22 Concept 4: Diversity, Adaptation, and Behavior Identify structural and behavioral adaptations. No performance objectives at this grade level = Module One, etc. 19

20 Strand 5: Physical Science Physical Science affords students the opportunity to increase their understanding of the characteristics of objects and materials they encounter daily. Students gain an understanding of the nature of matter and energy, including their forms, the changes they undergo, and their interactions. By studying objects and the forces that act upon them, students develop an understanding of the fundamental laws of motion, knowledge of the various ways energy is stored in a system, and the processes by which energy is transferred between systems and surroundings. Concept 1: Properties and Changes of Properties in Matter Understand physical and chemical properties of matter. No performance objectives at this grade level Concept 2: Motion and Forces Understand the relationship between force and motion. No performance objectives at this grade level Concept 3: Transfer of Energy Understand that energy can be stored and transferred. No performance objectives at this grade level Strand 6: Earth and Space Science Earth and Space Science provides the foundation for students to develop an understanding of the Earth, its history, composition, and formative processes, and an understanding of the solar system and the universe. Students study the regularities of the interrelated systems of the natural world. In doing so, they develop understandings of the basic laws, theories, and models that explain the world (NSES, 1995). By studying the Earth from both a historical and current time frame, students can make informed decisions about issues affecting the planet on which they live. Concept 1: Structure of the Earth Describe the composition and interactions between the structure of the Earth and its atmosphere. PO 1. Grain Classify rocks and minerals by the following observable properties: SE/TE: 28-31, 44-47, The Big Question, 28, Untamed Science, 28, My Science Online, 29, 45, Check Your Understanding, 30, My Reading Web. 30, Vocab Flash Cards, 31, Unlock The Big Question, 44, My Planet Diary, 44, Lab Zone, 43, 44, 46, 47, Vocabulary, 45,,Assess Your Understanding, 46, 47, Figure, 44, 45, 47, Apply it, 46 Color SE/TE: 28-31, 44-47, The Big Question, 28, Untamed Science, 28, My Science Online, 29, 45, Check Your Understanding, 30, My Reading Web. 30, Vocab Flash Cards, 31, Unlock The Big Question, 44, My Planet Diary, 44, Lab Zone, 43, 44, 46, 47, Vocabulary, 45,,Assess Your Understanding, 46, 47, Figure, 44, 45, 47, Apply it, 46 = Module One, etc. 20

21 Texture SE/TE: 28-31, 44-47, The Big Question, 28, Untamed Science, 28, My Science Online, 29, 45, Check Your Understanding, 30, My Reading Web. 30, Vocab Flash Cards, 31, Unlock The Big Question, 44, My Planet Diary, 44, Lab Zone, 43, 44, 46, 47, Vocabulary, 45,,Assess Your Understanding, 46, 47, Figure, 44, 45, 47, Apply it, 46 Hardness SE/TE: 28-31, 44-47, The Big Question, 28, Untamed Science, 28, My Science Online, 29, 45, Check Your Understanding, 30, My Reading Web. 30, Vocab Flash Cards, 31, Unlock The Big Question, 44, My Planet Diary, 44, Lab Zone, 43, 44, 46, 47, Vocabulary, 45,,Assess Your Understanding, 46, 47, Figure, 44, 45, 47, Apply it, 46 PO 2. Crust Describe the properties and the composition of the following major layers of the Earth: SE/TE: xx-3, 10-17, Bit Ideas of Science, xx, The Big Question, xxii, Untamed Science, xxii, My Science Online,1, 5, 9, 11, 13, 19, 21, Check Your Understanding, 2, My Reading Web, 2, Vocab Flash Cards, 3, Unlock The Big Question, 10, My Planet Diary, 10, Lab Zone, 10, 11, 17, Vocabulary, 5, 11, 19, Assess Your Understanding, 711, 17, Figure, 12, 14, 15, Do the Math, 15 Mantle SE/TE: xx-3, 10-17, Bit Ideas of Science, xx, The Big Question, xxii, Untamed Science, xxii, My Science Online,1, 5, 9, 11, 13, 19, 21, Check Your Understanding, 2, My Reading Web, 2, Vocab Flash Cards, 3, Unlock The Big Question, 10, My Planet Diary, 10, Lab Zone, 10, 11, 17, Vocabulary, 5, 11, 19, Assess Your Understanding, 711, 17, Figure, 12, 14, 15, Do the Math, 15 Core SE/TE: xx-3, 10-17, Bit Ideas of Science, xx, The Big Question, xxii, Untamed Science, xxii, My Science Online,1, 5, 9, 11, 13, 19, 21, Check Your Understanding, 2, My Reading Web, 2, Vocab Flash Cards, 3, Unlock The Big Question, 10, My Planet Diary, 10, Lab Zone, 10, 11, 17, Vocabulary, 5, 11, 19, Assess Your Understanding, 711, 17, Figure, 12, 14, 15, Do the Math, 15 PO 3. Erosion Explain the following processes involved in the formation of the Earth s structure: SE/TE: 52-57, Unlock The Big Question, 52, My Planet Diary, 32, 44, 48, 52, 58, 62, Lab Zone, 52, 53, 56, Vocabulary, 53, 57, Assess Your Understanding, 53, 56, 57, Figure, 54, Apply it, 56, Real World Inquiry, 57 Deposition SE/TE: 52-57, Unlock The Big Question, 52, My Planet Diary, 32, 44, 48, 52, 58, 62, Lab Zone, 52, 53, 56, Vocabulary, 53, 57, Assess Your Understanding, 53, 56, 57, Figure, 54, Apply it, 56, Real World Inquiry, 57 plate tectonics SE/TE: 86-91, Unlock The Big Question, 86, Explore the Big Question, 90, Answer the Big Question, My Planet Diary, 86, Lab Zone, 86, 91, Vocabulary, 87, Assess Your Understanding, 85, 91, Figure, 89, 90, 91, Apply it, 85, Do the Math, 89, Virtual Lab, Interactive Art, 88 = Module One, etc. 21

22 Volcanism SE/TE: , , , , , , 158, The Big Question, 130, Untamed Science, 130. My Science Online, 131, 135, 139, 145, 147, 151, 153, Check Your Understanding, 132, My Reading Web. 132, Vocab Flash Cards, 133, Unlock The Big Question, 134, 138, 146, 152, Explore the Big Question, 145, Answer the Big Question, My Planet Diary, 134, 138, 146, 152, Lab Zone, 134, 137, 138, 143, 145, 146, 149, 151, 152, Vocabulary, 135, 139, 147, 153, Assess Your Understanding, 137, 143, 145, 149, 151, Figure, 135, 141, 142, 143, 147, 148, Apply it, 137, 149, Do the Math, 140, Virtual Lab, Interactive Art, 139, 150, Art in Motion, 136, Real World Inquiry, Study Guide, 152, Review and Assessment, , Standardized Test Prep, 155 PO 4. Describe how the rock and fossil record show that environmental conditions have changed over geologic and recent time. SE/TE: 52-57, 78-79, Unlock The Big Question, 52, My Planet Diary, 32, 44, 48, 52, 58, 62, Lab Zone, 52, 53, 56, 79, Vocabulary, 53, 57, Assess Your Understanding, 53, 56, 57, 79, Figure, 54, 78, 79, Apply it, 56, 79, Real World Inquiry, 57, Interactive Art, 78, Concept 2: Earth s Processes and Systems Understand the processes acting on the Earth and their interaction with the earth systems. PO 1. Explain the rock cycle. SE/TE: 62-65, Unlock The Big Question, 62, Explore the Big Question, 64, My Planet Diary, 62, Lab Zone, 62, 65, Vocabulary, 33, 45, 49, 53, 57, 59, 63, Assess Your Understanding, 65, Figure, 63, Apply it, 61 PO 2. Distinguish the components and characteristics of the rock cycle for the following types of rocks: Igneous SE/TE: 48-51, My Science Online, 49, 51, Unlock The Big Question, 48, Explore the Big Question, 64, Answer the Big Question, My Planet Diary, 32, 44, 48, 52, 58, 62, Lab Zone, 48, 50, 51, Vocabulary, 49, Assess Your Understanding, 50, 51, Figure, 51, Art in Motion, 49 Metamorphic SE/TE: 52-57, Unlock The Big Question, 52, My Planet Diary, 32, 44, 48, 52, 58, 62, Lab Zone, 52, 53, 56, Vocabulary, 53, 57, Assess Your Understanding, 53, 56, 57, Figure, 54, Apply it, 56, Real World Inquiry, 57 Sedimentary SE/TE: 58-61, Unlock The Big Question, 58, My Planet Diary, 32, 44, 48, 52, 58, 62, Lab Zone, 58, 61, Vocabulary, 59, Assess Your Understanding, 57, 61, Figure, 59, Apply it, 56, 60, 61 PO 3. Analyze the evidence that lithospheric plate movements occur. SE/TE: 72-75, 76-79, 80-85, 86-91, 92-95, 96, The Big Question, 72, Untamed Science, 72, My Science Online, 73, 77, 81, 83, 87, Check Your Understanding, 74, My Reading Web. 74, Vocab Flash Cards, 75, Unlock The Big Question, 76, 80, 86, Explore the Big Question, 90, Answer the Big Question, My Planet Diary, 76, 80, 86, Lab Zone, 76, 79, 80, 81, 83, 85, 86, 91, Vocabulary, 77, 81, 87, Assess Your Understanding, 79, 81, 83, 85, 91, Figure, 77, 81, 84, 89, 90, 91, Apply it, 79, 85, Do the Math, 89, Virtual Lab, Interactive Art, 78, 88, Study Guide, 92, Review and Assessment, 93-94, Standardized Test Prep, 95 = Module One, etc. 22

23 PO 4. Explain lithospheric plate movement as a result of convection. SE/TE: 18-21, Unlock The Big Question, 18, My Planet Diary, 18, Lab Zone, 18, 19, 21, Vocabulary, 19, Assess Your Understanding, 19, 21, Apply it, 20, Art in Motion, 21 PO 5. Relate plate boundary movements to their resulting landforms, including: Mountains SE/TE: , , The Big Question, 98, Untamed Science, 98, My Science Online, 99, 103, 105, 107, Check Your Understanding, 100, My Reading Web. 100, Vocab Flash Cards, 101, Unlock The Big Question, 102, My Planet Diary, 102, Lab Zone, 102, 103, 105, 109, Vocabulary, 103, Assess Your Understanding, 103, 105, 109, Figure, 106, 108, 109, Apply it, 105, Art in Motion, 104, Study Guide Faults SE/TE: , , The Big Question, 98, Untamed Science, 98, My Science Online, 99, 103, 105, 107, Check Your Understanding, 100, My Reading Web. 100, Vocab Flash Cards, 101, Unlock The Big Question, 102, My Planet Diary, 102, Lab Zone, 102, 103, 105, 109, Vocabulary, 103, Assess Your Understanding, 103, 105, 109, Figure, 106, 108, 109, Apply it, 105, Art in Motion, 104, Study Guide rift valleys SE/TE: , , The Big Question, 98, Untamed Science, 98, My Science Online, 99, 103, 105, 107, Check Your Understanding, 100, My Reading Web. 100, Vocab Flash Cards, 101, Unlock The Big Question, 102, My Planet Diary, 102, Lab Zone, 102, 103, 105, 109, Vocabulary, 103, Assess Your Understanding, 103, 105, 109, Figure, 106, 108, 109, Apply it, 105, Art in Motion, 104, Study Guide Trenches SE/TE: , , The Big Question, 98, Untamed Science, 98, My Science Online, 99, 103, 105, 107, Check Your Understanding, 100, My Reading Web. 100, Vocab Flash Cards, 101, Unlock The Big Question, 102, My Planet Diary, 102, Lab Zone, 102, 103, 105, 109, Vocabulary, 103, Assess Your Understanding, 103, 105, 109, Figure, 106, 108, 109, Apply it, 105, Art in Motion, 104, Study Guide Volcanoes SE/TE: , , , , , , 158, The Big Question, 130, Untamed Science, 130. My Science Online, 131, 135, 139, 145, 147, 151, 153, Check Your Understanding, 132, My Reading Web. 132, Vocab Flash Cards, 133, Unlock The Big Question, 134, 138, 146, 152, Explore the Big Question, 145, Answer the Big Question, My Planet Diary, 134, 138, 146, 152, Lab Zone, 134, 137, 138, 143, 145, 146, 149, 151, 152, Vocabulary, 135, 139, 147, 153, Assess Your Understanding, 137, 143, 145, 149, 151, Figure, 135, 141, 142, 143, 147, 148, Apply it, 137, 149, Do the Math, 140, Virtual Lab, Interactive Art, 139, 150, Art in Motion, 136, Real World Inquiry, Study Guide, 152, Review and Assessment, , Standardized Test Prep, 155 PO 6. Describe how earthquakes are measured. SE/TE: , My Science Online, 117, 119, 121, Unlock The Big Question, 118, Explore the Big Question, 122, Answer the Big Question, 123, My Planet Diary, 118, Lab Zone, 118, 120, 123, Vocabulary, 119, Assess Your Understanding, 120, 123, Figure, 119, Apply it, 121 = Module One, etc. 23

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