Third Grade Science Vocabulary Investigation Design & Safety

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1 recycle dispose reuse goggles data conclusion predict describe observe record identify investigate evidence analyze mass matter float sink attract force magnet magnetic magnetism pole pull push repel Third Grade Science Vocabulary Investigation Design & Safety to use again, especially to reprocess to place or set in a particular order; arrange to use again, especially after salvaging or special treatment or processing. a pair of tight-fitting eye glasses, often tinted or having side shields, worn to protect the eyes from hazards such as wind, glare, water, or flying debris Science information made based on evidence to say what you think will happen saying or drawing what you see, hear, touch, taste or smell to see, hear, touch, taste or smell to write or draw to tell what something is to gather information information or facts that make you believe something is true to observe something carefully in order to understand it Mass a measure of the amount of matter in a solid, liquid, or gas anything that has mass and takes up space attributes that can be observed, measured, or changed without turning into a new Floating and Sinking to rest on the surface or within a liquid to fall or drop to the bottom of a liquid Magnetism to pull together a push or a pull an object that attracts iron or steel is attracted to a magnet the pulling force between an object and a magnet a place on a magnet where magnetism is the strongest a force that moves an object closer to another object a force that moves an object away from another object to push away

2 gas liquid matter solid state of matter cooling heating melting freezing solid condensation evaporation liquid gas mixture strainer/sieve States of Matter a state of matter that takes both the shape and volume of its container a state of matter that has a definite volume but takes the shape of its container anything that has mass and takes up space attributes that can be observed, measured, or changed without turning into a new a state of matter that has a definite shape and volume a form that matter can take such as solid, liquid, or gas the measure of how hot or cold something is Heating & Cooling taking heat energy away from a adding heat energy to a the amount of heat in matter changing from a solid to a liquid state by adding heat energy changing from a liquid to a solid state by taking heat energy away a state of matter that has a definite shape and volume changing from a gas to a liquid changing from a liquid to a gas a state of matter that has a definite volume but takes the shape of its container a state of matter that takes both the shape and volume of its container Mixtures a combination of two or more materials that can be separated a tool used to separate s by their particle size a specific kind of matter energy force friction gravity magnetism mechanical energy motion position pull push weight work energy light energy rays source friction heat/thermal energy Mechanical Energy ability to cause movement or change a push or a pull a force caused by objects rubbing together that makes them slow down or stop a force that pulls objects toward each other the pulling force between an object and a magnet energy of objects in motion the movement of something from one place to another an object s location; where it is a force that moves an object closer to another object a force that moves an object away from another object a measure of the force of gravity on an object what is done when a force is used to move an object over a distance Light Energy ability to cause movement or change energy that you can see straight lines of light where something comes from or begins Thermal Energy the rubbing of one object or surface against another the energy of moving particles

3 pitch sound energy sound waves vibrate vibrations weather wind precipitation thermometer rain gauge wind vane earthquake erupt flood hill hurricane landform landslide lava magma mountain plain plates rapid tornado tsunami valley volcano decomposition soil weathering Sound Energy how high or low a sound is energy you can hear that is made when matter vibrates the way that sound energy moves through matter to move back and forth repeated back and forth motions Weather a description of the outside air in a certain place at a certain time a measure of how hot or cold something is moving air water that falls to the Earth in the form of rain, snow, sleet or hail tool used to measure the amount of heat in the air tool used to measure the amount of precipitation that falls tool used to measure the direction wind is blowing Earth s Surface shaking of the ground caused by the release of energy deep below the surface of the Earth to put gases, ash, and lava into the air or on the Earth s surface an event that happens when a body of water overflows onto land a small mound of land a severe tropical storm having winds greater than 74 miles per hour; starting near the equator traveling in a northerly direction a natural land shape on Earth s surface an event that happens when mud and rocks slide down a hill or mountain magma that comes out of a volcano on the Earth s surface melted rock deep inside the Earth s surface the tallest landform on Earth; a large landform that rises up toward the sky a large, flat area of land that does not have many trees pieces of the Earth s crust very fast violent storm with winds whirling around a small area of extremely low pressure that appears as a dark funnel-shaped cloud causing damage along its path a very large ocean wave caused by an underwater earthquake or volcanic eruption the low land between mountains an opening in the Earth s surface through which molten lava, ash, and gases escape; over time a mountain can be created Soil breaking down once living plants and animals into smaller pieces the loose material that covers Earth s surface made up of small pieces of rocks and once living things the breaking down of rock into tiny pieces by wind or water

4 characteristics conservation conserve material resources natural resources recycle reduce reuse community drought ecosystem environment habitat organism population carnivore consume ecosystem food chain herbivore omnivore predator prey drought extinct flood perish thrive adaptation function locomotion protection structure support Natural Resources the wise use of natural resources use carefully to avoid waste or loss natural resources that people use to make things something from Earth that we can use to make things we want or need to use a material to make something new instead of throwing it away to use less of something to use something again instead of throwing it away Environments a group of plants and animals living and interacting with each other in a habitat a long period of little or no rainfall living and nonliving things that interact to provide the basic needs of the organisms that live there everything in a habitat both living and nonliving, including food, air, water, and shelter the environment in which an animal or plant normally lives or grows a living thing all the organisms of one type in a habitat Food Chains organism that eats animals to eat living and nonliving things that interact to provide the basic needs of the organisms that live there the path of energy from one organism to another in an ecosystem; arrows show the flow of energy organism that eats plants organism that eats both plants and animals animal that hunts and eats other animals animal that is eaten by other animals Environmental Changes a long period of little or no rainfall no longer exist overflow of water on dry land die stay alive grow strongly Structure Function inherited traits and learned behaviors that help a species meet its needs and a job or purpose moving from place to place keeping safe from harm a part hold up

5 inherited trait learned behavior trait behavior instinct offspring adaptation germination life cycle seed seedling sprout plant fruit frog egg tadpole larva pupa adult Sun star orbit revolve Sun star dwarf planet Earth orbit solar system moon planet revolve Traits and Behaviors a characteristic that is passed from parents to their offspring a behavior that an animal develops by observing other animals or by experience a characteristic of an organism something that an organism does to get the things it needs to a behavior that an animal inherits from its parents; born knowing how to do it without learning new organisms produced by parents inherited traits and learned behaviors that help organisms meet their needs and Life Cycles process in which a plant begins to sprout series of stages a living organism goes through as it grows, develops, and matures a structure produced by a plant that contains a tiny undeveloped plant and a supply of food for the plant a young plant that is grown from a seed to begin to grow; give off shoots or buds a living thing that cannot move from place to place on its own, makes its own food, and produces offspring the ripened part of a plant that produces seeds laid in the water and covered with a jelly like a young frog that has a tail and can breathe through its gills hatches out of an egg, often worm-like occurs as the larva changes completely inside a cocoon fully developed and mature The Sun the closest star to Earth and the center of the solar system a large sphere of hot gases that gives off light and heat energy the path an object takes around another object in space to move around something else Solar System the closest star to Earth and the center of the solar system a large sphere of hot gases that gives off light and heat energy orbits the Sun, but does not meet all the criteria to be a planet (Pluto) the third planet from the Sun in the solar system the path an object takes around another object in space the Sun and all the objects that move around it a round body that orbits around a planet an object in space that orbits around the Sun, is round, and has cleared its orbit to move around something else

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