# Current Staff Course Unit/ Length. Basic Outline/ Structure. Unit Objectives/ Big Ideas. Properties of Waves A simple wave has a PH: Sound and Light

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1 Current Staff Course Unit/ Length August August September September October Unit Objectives/ Big Ideas Basic Outline/ Structure PS4- Types of Waves Because light can travel through space, it cannot be a matter wave, like sound or water waves. PS4- Properties of Waves A simple wave has a repeating pattern with a Calculating Speed specific wavelength, frequency, and amplitude. PS4- A sound wave needs a medium through which it is transmitted. PS4- Digitized signals (sent as pulse waves) are a more reliable way to encode and transmit information. PS4- When light shines on an object, it is reflected, absorbed, or transmitted through the object, depending on the object s material and the frequency (color) of the light. Sound waves of Sound Waves Pulse Waves Coding and transmitting info Light waves and interactions 7 th Grade Physical Science Materials/ Content Vocabulary CCSS Activities & Text Assessments wave, energy, medium, mechanical wave, Chapter Section longitudinal wave, crest, Wave Diagram trough, compression, Chapter Section -4 Chapter 4 Section rarefaction amplitude, frequency, wavelength echo, elasticity, density electromagnetic wave,, photon, electromagnetic spectrum, radio wave, microwave, radar, infrared, UV rays, x-rays, gamma rays, luminous, fluorescent light transparent, translucent, opaque 8. Speed Calculations Galloping Gertie Video Skinky Lab Discovery Activity-pg 06

2 October October Oct/Nov PS4- Light and Color A wave model of light is useful for explaining brightness, color and the frequency-dependent bending of light at a surface between media. PS4- Reflections of light The path light travels can be rays traced as straight lines, except at surfaces between different transparent materials where the light bends. PS- All positions of objects and the directions of forces and motions must be described using diagrams which can be shared with others. Universal use of arrows to display motion forces. Chapter 4 Section Chapter 4 Section & Chapter (ALL) primary, secondary, and complementary colors, pigment reflection, ray, plane mirror, image, concave mirror, optical axis, focal point, real image, convex mirror reference point, velocity, slope, force Worksheet Flashlight demo Spring Scales Describing and measuring motionpractice calculations PS-4 Factors affecting force Gravitational forces are always between two objects. attractive. Force depends on mass. Objects accelerate during free fall. PS- The motion of an object is determined by the sum of the forces acting on it. (This is affected by mass) Newton s nd Law of motion Acceleration, friction, gravity, mass, weight, resistance inertia November 8. November Friction demos Egg Drop? Analyzing Graphed data Inertia lab Practice Calculations PS- Newton s rd law Understanding momentum Law of Conservation of momentum, 4 momentum, law of conservation of momentum November Momentum lab Swing the bucket worksheets Ch. TEST

3 Nov/Dec PS- Understand kinetic energy; proportional to the mass of the moving object and grows with the square of its speed. Calculating Kinetic Energy energy, kinetic Demonstration of Kinetic Energy Ball Bounce Nov/Dec Nov/Dec December December December PS- Objects may contain stored Potential Energy potential energy depending on position. PS-5 When the motion energy of an object changes, there is inevitably some other change in energy at the same time. PS- When two objects interact, each one exerts a force on the other that can cause energy to be transferred to or from the object. Mechanical Energy Energy Transformation PS-4 Specific Heat The amount of energy transfer needed to change the temperature of a matter sample by a given amount depends on the nature of the matter, the size of the sample, and the environment. PS- Energy is spontaneously transferred out of hotter regions or objects and into colder ones. Chapter 6 Section The transfer of heat Chapter 6 Section potential, gravitational potential energy mechanical energy thermal, electrical, chemical, nuclear and electromagnetic energy specific heat, temperature, Fahrenheit, Celsius, and Kelvin scales, absolute zero, heat conduction, convection, convection current, radiation, conductor, insulator Potential Energy Sketches Calculations of mechanical energy Pendulum lab Ch 5 TEST Calculations & Graphing Practice Video & Quiz Heat Transfer Lab

4 December January January February PS- Temperature is a measure of kinetic energy of particles. Relationship between temperature and energy is dependent on type, state, and amount of matter present. PS- Electromagnetic forces can be attractive or repulsive and their sizes depend on the magnitude of the charges, currents, or magnetic strengths involved and on the distances between the interacting objects. PS-5 Forces that act at a distance can be explained by fields that extend through space and can be mapped by their effect on a test object. PS- Substances are made of atoms, which combine with one another in various ways. States of Matter and Thermal Energy Measuring Temperature Understand relationship between current and magnetic field. Characteristics of magnetic fields and electromagnets. Effects of Earth s magnetic field Properties used to describe matter Properties of a mixture What are elements and their relationship to compounds Chapter 6 Section & Electricity and Magnetism Chapter Section Electricity and Magnetism Chapter Section Prentice Hall Text: Building Ch Section Also in Chapter Section state, change of state, melting, freezing, evaporation, boiling, condensation, thermal expansion magnet, magnetic pole, magnetic force, magnetic field, field lines compass, Van Allen belts, solar wind, magnetosphere, aurora matter, chemistry, substance, element, atom, chemical bond, molecule, compound, chemical formula, mixture, heterogeneous, homogeneous, solution Ch 6 TEST magnet demo worksheets & Physical Properties T-chart Atom Sketches

5 February March March PS- Substances are made up of characteristic chemical and physical properties which may be used to identify them. PS-4 Gases and liquids are made of molecules or atoms that are moving. PS-4 Changes of state occur with variations in temperature or pressure which can be predicted. What is physical change? Change? How are changes in matter related to changes in energy? Characteristics of solids, liquids and gases Changes in states of matter Building Chapter Section Building Building physical change, chemical change, energy, temperature, thermal energy solid, liquid, gas, viscosity, crystalline, amorphous, fluid, surface tension melting, freezing, vaporization, evaporation, boiling, condensation, sublimation Note- taking Worksheet Ch TEST Solid, Liquid, Gas Diagrams quiz Vaporization Sketches Analyzing Graph datapg 5 Ch TEST April PS-5 The total number of each type of atom is conserved, and thus does not change. Conservation of mass Balancing equations chemical equation, conservation of mass, product, reactant, coefficient May PS- Substances react in characteristic ways. Products of reactions have different properties of reactants. Understanding chemical equations Balancing equations Categories of chemical reactions synthesis, decomposition, replacement Videos and quizzes May PS-6 Some chemical reactions release energy, others store energy. Exothermic and Endothermic Reactions exothermic and endothermic reactions, activation energy, catalyst, enzymes, inhibitor worksheets Ch TEST

6 Textbook Chapter/Section required coverage to address NGSS-covering your bases Ch. Sections & Ch. Section Ch. Section 4 Ch. 4 Section & & Energy Ch. ALL Ch. 5 Sections,, Ch. 6 Sections Real World Classroom Application- to ensure that the class structure is cohesive and not choppy Chapters through 4 Cover them all Chapter ALL Chapter 5 ALL Chapter 6 ALL Electricity & Magnetism Ch. Sections & Chapter ALL January Timeframe-please understand this is a general outline and will need tweaked it has not been done yet at HJHS August, September & October November & December Building Ch. Sections & Ch. Sections & Chapter ALL Chapter ALL February & March Ch. Section Ch. Sections,, Chapter ALL Chapter ALL April & May

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