Development of renewable energy sources in Germany 2014

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1 Development of renewable energy sources in Germany 2014 Charts and figures based on statistical data from the Working Group on Renewable Energy-Statistics (AGEE-Stat), as at February 2015

2 Contents 1. Development of renewable energy share of primary energy consumption in Germany 2. Total primary energy consumption in Germany Development of renewable energy share of gross electricity consumption in Germany 4. Development of renewable energy share of final energy consumption (heat) in Germany 5. Development of renewable energy share of final energy consumption (transport) in Germany 6. Development of electricity generation from renewable energy sources in Germany 7. Renewables-based electricity generation in Germany Biomass-based electricity generation in Germany Feed-in and fees under the Electricity Feed Act and the Renewable Energy Sources Act (EEG) 10. Development of electricity generation and installed capacity of hydropower plants in Germany 11. Development of electricity generation and installed capacity of wind energy plants (onshore and offshore) in Germany 12. Development of electricity generation and installed capacity of photovoltaic plants in Germany 13. Development of electricity generation and installed capacity of biomass plants in Germany 14. Development of electricity generation and installed capacity of waste incineration plants in Germany

3 Contents 15. Development of installed capacity for renewables-based electricity generation in Germany 16. Installed capacity for renewables-based electricity generation in Germany Development of heat consumption from renewable energy sources in Germany 18. Renewables-based heat consumption in Germany Biomass-based heat consumption in Germany Development of heat consumption of waste incineration plants in Germany 21. Development of heat consumption and thermal capacity of solar thermal plants in Germany 22. Development of collector area of solar thermal plants in Germany 23. Development of heat consumption and thermal capacity of heat pumps (near-surface geothermal energy, ambient heat) in Germany 24. Development of the number of heat pumps in Germany 25. Development of final energy consumption (transport) from renewable energy sources in Germany 26. Renewables-based final energy consumption in transport sector in Germany Development of greenhouse gas emissions avoided through use of renewable energy sources in Germany 28. Development of greenhouse gas emissions avoided through use of renewable energy sources in the electricity sector in Germany

4 Contents 29. Development of greenhouse gas emissions avoided through use of renewable energy sources in the heat sector in Germany 30. Development of greenhouse gas emissions avoided through use of renewable energy sources in the transport sector in Germany 31. Greenhouse gas emissions avoided through use of renewable energy sources in Germany Development of investments in construction of renewable energy installations in Germany 33. Development of investments in construction of renewable energy installations in Germany (by electricity and heat) 34. Investments in construction of renewable energy installations in Germany Development of turnover from the operation of renewable energy installations in Germany 36. Development of turnover from the operation of renewable energy installations in Germany (by electricity, heat and transport) 37. Turnover from the operation of renewable energy installations in Germany Development of gross employment in Germany's renewable energy sector 39. Glossary (I) 40. Glossary (II) Note: The most important terms are explained in the glossary at the end of the document

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43 Glossary Final energy Final energy consumption (FEC) Gross electricity consumption Gross final energy consumption (GFEC) Gross employment Final energy is the portion of primary energy that reaches the consumer after deducting transmission and conversion losses and is then available for other purposes. Final energy forms include district heating, electricity, hydrocarbons such as petrol, kerosene, fuel oil or wood, and various gases such as natural gas, biogas and hydrogen. Final energy consumption is the direct use of energy sources in individual consumption sectors for energy services or the generation of useful energy. Gross electricity consumption corresponds to the sum of total electricity generated in Germany (wind, water, sun, coal, oil, gas etc.), plus electricity imports and minus electricity exports. Net electricity consumption is gross electricity consumption minus grid and transmission losses. Gross final energy consumption refers to the final energy consumption of the final consumer, plus the losses incurred in the generating units and during transport. The gross final energy consumption for renewable energy is the final energy consumption for households, transport, industry, skilled trades, commerce and services, plus on-site consumption in the conversion sector as well as line and flare losses. Employment attributable to the renewable energy industry in Germany and encompassing all persons directly employed in the construction, operation and maintenance of plants for using renewable energy and the supply of fuels, and those employed indirectly as a result of this sector s demand for upstream products and services. Unlike net employment, it takes no account of negative or positive influences on employment outside the renewable energy sector.

44 Glossary Primary energy Primary energy is the theoretically available energy content of a naturally occurring energy source before it undergoes conversion. Primary energy sources include finite energy sources such as lignite and hard coal, oil, natural gas and fissile material such as uranium ore, and renewable energy sources (solar energy, wind energy, hydropower, geothermal energy and tidal energy). Primary energy is converted into a secondary stage in the energy series in power plants or refineries. Conversion losses occur in this process. Parts of some primary energy sources are used for non-energy purposes (e.g. oil for the plastics industry). Primary energy consumption Primary energy consumption (PEC) is the net total of domestic production and fuel exports minus (PEC) marine bunkers and changes in stock. Renewable energy sources Energy sources which, on a human time scale, are available for an infinite period of time. Nearly all renewable energy sources are ultimately fuelled by the sun. The sun will eventually burn out and so is not, strictly speaking, a renewable energy source. However, present knowledge indicates that the sun is likely to continue in existence for more than 1 billion years, which is virtually unlimited from our human perspective. The three original sources are solar radiation, geothermal energy and tidal energy. These can be harnessed either directly or indirectly in the form of biomass, wind, hydropower, ambient heat and wave energy. Renewable Energy Sources Act (EEG) The 2000 Act on Granting Priority to Renewable Energy Sources (shortened to: Renewable Energy Sources Act EEG) regulates the grid operators obligation to purchase electricity generated from renewable sources before all other sources, the (declining) feed-in tariffs for the individual generation methods, and the procedure for allocating the resulting additional costs among all electricity customers. It has been amended several times. The last amendment was in Note: For detailed information please refer to the brochure Renewable Energy Sources in Figures.

45 Sources Working Group on Renewable Energy-Statistics (AGEE-Stat) Centre for Solar Energy and Hydrogen Research Baden- Wuerttemberg (ZSW) Federal Environment Agency (UBA) Federal Statistical Office (StBA) Federal Office of Economy and Export Control (BAFA) Federal Network Agency for Electricity, Gas, Telecommunications, Post and Railway (BNetzA) Working Group on Energy Balances (AGEB) German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin) Fachagentur für Nachwachsende Rohstoffe e.v. (FNR) Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research (ISI) Institute for Applied Ecology (Öko-Institut e.v.) German Solar Industry Associaton (BSW) Bundesverband Wärmepumpe e.v. (BWP) German Association of Energy and Water Industries (BDEW) Deutscher Energieholz- und Pellet-Verband e.v. (DEPV) Deutsches Windenergie-Institut (DEWI GmbH) German Aeronautics and Space Research Centre (DLR) Deutsches BiomasseForschungsZentrum ggmbh (DBFZ) German Wind Energy Association (BWE) Editors and expert contributors: Dipl.-Ing. Thomas Nieder, Dr. Peter Bickel, Dr. Frank Musiol Centre for Solar Energy and Hydrogen Research Baden-Wuerttemberg (ZSW), Stuttgart as at February 2015

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