PAMUN XV ENVIRONMENT COMMITTEE PROMOTING THE MOVEMENT TOWARDS RENEWABLE RESOURCES OF ENERGY

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "PAMUN XV ENVIRONMENT COMMITTEE PROMOTING THE MOVEMENT TOWARDS RENEWABLE RESOURCES OF ENERGY"

Transcription

1 PAMUN XV ENVIRONMENT COMMITTEE PROMOTING THE MOVEMENT TOWARDS RENEWABLE RESOURCES OF ENERGY Introduction of Topic Currently non-renewable resources make up 85% of the world's energy consumption; a major issue considering these resources are being depleted at a detrimental rate. Most of these resources consist of fossil fuels; irreplaceable resources such as coal, petroleum and natural gas that are made from hydrocarbon deposits and emit carbon dioxide when burned. The reason the majority of the world relies on fossil fuels has to do with the low cost of extraction and its reliability. Furthermore, nonrenewable resources are unaffected by weather, and can be stored and shipped very easily. Despite these advantages, fossil fuels are harmful to the environment and human health, and are becoming increasingly difficult to extract as world supply dwindles. For these reasons fossil fuels are not sustainable and there has been a global movement to shift towards renewable resources. Definitions of Key Terms Greenhouse Gas Effect The presence of the atmosphere surrounding the Earth traps solar radiation, raising the overall temperature of the planet. Background Information It is estimated that if we continue depleting our oil supply at our current rate, all known oil deposits will be dry by Though we still have an abundant supply of coal and natural gas, it is estimated that if we increased the use of these fossil fuels natural gas could run out by 2060, and coal by In addition to their limited supply, fossil fuels have severe environmental impacts. The burning of fossil fuels has increased the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere by 25% over the last 150 years. The augmentation of carbon dioxide is predicted to increase the temperature of the earth over the next century, leading to the melting of glaciers and increase of droughts. The release of gases such as carbon monoxide, nitric oxide, and nitrogen dioxide can form smog, acid rain and pose a serious threat to human health. The range of illnesses stemming from the burning of fossil fuels includes pneumonia

2 and bronchitis. Due to this the UN has been promoting the use of the following renewable energy sources: Solar Energy Solar power is highly dependent on weather. It can only be harnessed during the day and in highly sunny areas. Additionally, solar panels have low efficiency, measuring at approximately 10-15%. This means that to provide enough energy for a household that uses approximately 100 KWH, 400 meters squared of solar panels would be needed. This is not ideal as it takes up more land than convenient. There are two types of solar energy: Photovoltaic (Solar Cells): These devices change solar energy directly into electricity. They can range from many different sizes, from as small as a single cell charging a watch to large power plants covering many acres. Solar Thermal/ Electric Power Plants: These power plants generate electricity by concentrating solar energy to heat a fluid and produce steam. This steam is then used to power a generator. Wind Energy There are two types of wind turbines: horizontal axis turbines and vertical axis turbines. Horizontal axis turbines are more commonly used, as they are more efficient. Wind energy has many disadvantages as it is highly dependent on weather, inefficient, takes up a significant amount of space and is noisy. Wind turbines only work if the wind is between 10 and 50 miles per hour and only very low rates of efficiency: approximately 30%. They also require large tracts of land; a wind farm of 20 turbines would cover approximately 1 kilometer squared. The reason the turbines are so far apart is in order for them not to interfere with each other; their electric infrastructures and access roads only take up approximately 1% of this land leaving it free for farming and/ or natural habitats. Geothermal Power Plants There are three basic types of geothermal power plants: dry steam plants, flash steam plants and binary cycle power plants. Geothermal energy can only be extracted in very specific locations, specifically volcanic areas or at tectonic plate boundaries where hot rocks reserves are shallow and covered by rocks that are easily drilled through. One downside to geothermal energy is its negative environmental effects. For example water extracted must be pumped back to the heat source once the heat energy has been gathered. This is due to the fact that underground water contains salts and

3 minerals that would increase the salinity and alkalinity of soil making crop production impossible. Moreover, the extraction of geothermal energy release many toxic gases such as mercury and hydrogen sulfide that must be disposed of by being pumped back to the heat source too. Geothermal energy also cannot be stored and transported, it must be converted into electricity at its source and then provide electricity for local communities. In recent years a new heating system using geothermal energy has been installed in certain homes and buildings: geothermal heat pumps. In most places the temperature 10 feet beneath the ground is between 50 to 60 degrees Fahrenheit. This means that it is cooler than summer temperature but colder than winter. Due to this Geothermal heat pumps can be used. These pumps use the earth's constant temperatures to heat and cool buildings. Geothermal heat pumps transfer heat from the ground into buildings during the winter and reverse the process in the summer. Biomass Biomass is organic material that comes from plants and animals. In order to harness these organic materials energy they are burned to produce heat and steam that is then used to generate electricity or heat for industries. It can also be converted into forms of energy like methane gas, or transportation fuels like ethanol and biodiesel. Ethanol is produced by fermenting crops like corn and sugarcane whereas biodiesel is made from vegetable oils and animal fats. Biomass is not widely used energy source as it is rather inefficient in comparison to fossil fuels. For example ethanol, a biodiesel, often has to be mixed with gasoline in order to work properly and, in the long run, ruins engines. Biomass can be harmful to the environment as burning animal and human waste releases methane; a Greenhouse gas. Hydropower Hydroelectric This form of hydropower holds the water behind the dam forming an artificial lakes, or reservoirs. They then release the water through the dam in which there are turbines. These turbines are attached to generators that convert the mechanical energy into electricity. After passing through the turbine, the water flows back into the river on the other side of the dam. Tidal Power

4 Tidal power barrages are generally located across an inlet of an ocean bay or lagoon that forms a tidal basin. Sluice gates (gates used to control water levels and flow rates) on the barrage allow tidal basins to fill on incoming high tides and empty through a turbine system on the outgoing tide. Harnessing tidal energy is currently not cost effective; tidal power plants are extremely expensive to build and still need to undergo many technological innovations to be commercially viable. Tidal power is also not a constant source of energy; it only provides electricity during tidal surges; approximately 10 hours a day. Although nowadays, some tidal barrages are two-way systems that generate electricity from both the incoming and outgoing tides. In addition tidal power plants are harmful to the environment as their construction may obstruct fish migrations and deter marine animals ideal movement. Major Countries and Organizations Involved United Nations Education, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) UNESCO has a program dedicated to promoting renewable resources called The Programme. The Programme s aim, according to UNESCO is to promote the building of capacities, stimulate the sharing of scientific knowledge and best practices, promote the development of energy policies, supports pilot initiatives and provides technical assistance, when necessary. International Energy Association (IEA) The IEA is an autonomous organization with 29 member states. It four areas of focus are: energy security, economic development, environmental awareness and worldwide engagement. This association helps member states improve their distribution of energy and provides statistics on energy use. Timeline of Events Date Description of event Elihu Thomson discovers ethanol has advantages over the use of petroleum 1921 World s first geothermal plant built in California 1927 First commercial wind turbines 1935 The Hoover Dam is built, and is the largest hydroelectric power plant at the time

5 1953 First solar cell is developed at Bell laboratories 1970 Solar cells become more affordable for land use 1980 First wind farm built in New Hampshire 2007 IPCC reports that human caused climate change is occurring on a grand scale Relevant UN Treaties and Events Millennium Declaration, 8 September 2000 (55/2) Declaration that stated the Millennium Goals, one of them being the increase in use of sustainable resources. Johannesburg Declaration, September 2002 Declaration on Sustainable Developments. Kyoto Protocol, 2005 Protocol aiming to reduce greenhouse gases emissions. The Future We Want, December 2009 (64/236) Continuing commitment to sustainable development. Main Issues Expenses One of the main reasons governments are reluctant to use renewable energy resources is their cost; but in truth, they are only initially more expensive than non-renewable resources and are less costly to maintain. The graph below compares each resource s levelized cost of energy (LCOE), a measure that encompasses costs of financing, building, operating, and maintaining a power plant. LCOE is measured in dollars per megawatt-hour and offers a direct comparison between different types of renewable and nonrenewable resources. Amongst the renewable energies, onshore wind has the cheapest levelized cost (59 dollars) closely followed by photovoltaic plants (79 dollars). The cheapest non-renewable energy are gas combined cycle technologies (74 dollars) and coal (109 dollars). By dividing the areas of cost we can see that renewable technologies tend to be more expensive to set up than conventional technologies but have significantly lower fuel and operations & maintenance (O&M) costs.

6 Possible Solutions Incentives Many countries such as Germany, China and Australia have strong incentive programs installed in order to promote renewable energy sources. They use three methods of tax incentives : feed in tariffs, net-metering and production tax credits. Feed in tariffs are most commonly used and are payments per generated kwh. Net-metering is a system that allows residential and commercial customers who generate their own electricity from solar power to feed electricity they do not use back into the grid. They are then paid for the electricity they provide. Lastly, production tax credits are similar to feed in tariffs but instead of cash payments, the investor receives tax credits per kwh. These methods are proven to increase the use of renewable energy resources as all countries that offer incentives are amongst the greenest countries in the world. Leasing In certain countries like the USA, the leasing of renewable energy equipment has become a popular practice. This system enables companies and common citizens to lease equipment to harness geothermal, wind, solar, biomass and hydroelectric power. Many companies that offer this service (such as Reel in the USA) also offer personalized financial plans to their customers. Leasing renewable energy equipment allows for widespread use amongst those who otherwise, could not afford it.

7 Resources to Consider This source offers great insight into the prices of renewable and nonrenewable resources with direct comparison between the two. Bibliography "Policies to Promote Renewable Energy." Index. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 July <http://www.geni.org/globalenergy/policy/renewableenergy/>. "Renewable & Non-Renewable Energy Sources - Conserve Energy Future." ConserveEnergyFuture. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 July <http://www.conserve-energy-future.com/>. "World Energy Use - Boundless Open Textbook." Boundless. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 July <https://www.boundless.com/physics/textbooks/boundless-physics-textbook/work-and-energy-6/casestudy-world-energy-use-66/world-energy-use />. "Fossils Fuels vs. Renewable Energy Ecology Global Network." Ecology Global Network. N.p., 06 Sept Web. 04 July <http://www.ecology.com/2011/09/06/fossil-fuels-renewable-energyresources/>. "Disadvantages of Alternative Energy." Benefits of Recycling. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 July <http://www.benefits-of-recycling.com/disadvantagesofalternativeenergy/>. Comparing the Levelized Cost of Energy Technologies." Energy Innovation Policy and Technology. N.p., 06 Feb Web. 03 July <http://energyinnovation.org/2015/02/07/levelizedcost-of-energy/>. "KW and KWh Explained." - Understand & Convert Between Power and Energy. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 July <http://www.energylens.com/articles/kw-and-kwh>. "Efficiency." Efficiency. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 July <http://pveducation.org/pvcdrom/solar-celloperation/efficiency>.

8 "Ten Major Disadvantages of Geothermal Energy." All Articles RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 July <https://energyscience.knoji.com/ten-major-disadvantages-of-geothermal-energy/>. "Hydroelectric Energy Pros and Cons - Energy Informative." Energy Informative. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 July <http://energyinformative.org/hydroelectric-energy-pros-and-cons/>. "Disadvantages of Geothermal Energy Clean Energy Ideas." Clean Energy Ideas. N.p., 19 June Web. 08 July energy "Advantages and Disadvantages of Tidal Energy." OccupyTheory. N.p., 22 Apr Web. 08 July <http://occupytheory.org/advantages-and-disadvantages-of-tidal-energy/>. "Major Agreements & Conventions.:. Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform." Major Agreements & Conventions.:. Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 July <https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/index.php?menu=122>. Of 2, E. 1., and U.s. Department Of Energy - Energy Efficiency A. Wind and Hydropower Technologies Program Advantages and Disadvantages of Hydropower (n.d.): n. pag. Web. "Think Reel Green: Renewable Energy Equipment Leasing." Think Reel Green: Renewable Energy Equipment Leasing. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 July <https://www.thinkreelgreen.com/>. "Renewable and Alternative Energies United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization." Renewable and Alternative Energies United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 July <http://www.unesco.org/new/en/natural-sciences/sciencetechnology/engineering/renewable-and-alternative-energies/>. "The End Of Fossil Fuels." - Our Green Energy. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 July <https://www.ecotricity.co.uk/our-green-energy/energy-independence/the-end-of-fossil-fuels>. "Solar - Energy Explained, Your Guide To Understanding Energy - Energy Information Administration." Solar - Energy Explained, Your Guide To Understanding Energy - Energy Information Administration. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 July <http://www.eia.gov/energyexplained/index.cfm?page=solar_home>. "Net Metering." SEIA. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 July <http://www.seia.org/policy/distributedsolar/net-metering>.

9 "Global Map of Incentives Renewable Energy." Global Map of Incentives Renewable Energy. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 July

12.5: Generating Current Electricity pg. 518

12.5: Generating Current Electricity pg. 518 12.5: Generating Current Electricity pg. 518 Key Concepts: 1. Electrical energy is produced by energy transformations. 2. Electrical energy is produced from renewable and non-renewable resources. 4. Electrical

More information

Generating Current Electricity: Complete the following summary table for each way that electrical energy is generated. Pros:

Generating Current Electricity: Complete the following summary table for each way that electrical energy is generated. Pros: P a g e 1 Generating Current Electricity: Complete the following summary table for each way that electrical energy is generated. Generating Electrical Energy Using Moving Water: Hydro-Electric Generation

More information

Module 7 Forms of energy generation

Module 7 Forms of energy generation INTRODUCTION In rich countries like Australia, our standard of living is dependent on easily available energy. Every time you catch a bus, turn on a light or watch television energy is being used up. Over

More information

5-Minute Refresher: RENEWABLE ENERGY

5-Minute Refresher: RENEWABLE ENERGY 5-Minute Refresher: RENEWABLE ENERGY Renewable Energy Key Ideas Renewable energy is a source of energy that can be used and replenished naturally in a relatively short period of time. Non renewable energy

More information

Environmental Science 101 Energy. Web-Based Course. Lecture Outline: Terms You Should Know: Learning Objectives: Reading Assignment:

Environmental Science 101 Energy. Web-Based Course. Lecture Outline: Terms You Should Know: Learning Objectives: Reading Assignment: Environmental Science 101 Energy 1 Web-Based Course Lecture Outline: 5. RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES MODULE 5.1 Improving Energy Efficiency A. Improving Energy Efficiency MODULE 5.2 Geothermal, Hydro and

More information

Sustainable Living Student Worksheets

Sustainable Living Student Worksheets Sustainable Living Student Worksheets Stage 4 Design & Technology FW4DT1 Name: Introduction Renewable Versus Non-renewable Energy The Sun is a Primary Source of Energy Almost all the energy needed to keep

More information

Student Worksheets. Stage 4 Geography FW4G1. Name: FutureWorld 2015 FW4G1

Student Worksheets. Stage 4 Geography FW4G1. Name: FutureWorld 2015 FW4G1 Student Worksheets Stage 4 Geography FW4G1 Name: Introduction Renewable Versus Non-renewable Energy The Sun is a Primary Source of Energy Almost all the energy needed to keep life on Earth going comes

More information

AP ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 2012 SCORING GUIDELINES

AP ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 2012 SCORING GUIDELINES AP ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 2012 SCORING GUIDELINES Question 2 The Fremont School District uses oil to heat school buildings. Go Green! is a new project the district will implement. The superintendent has

More information

CANADA S RESOURCES: CONVENTIONAL AND ALTERNATIVE ENERGY

CANADA S RESOURCES: CONVENTIONAL AND ALTERNATIVE ENERGY CANADA S RESOURCES: CONVENTIONAL AND ALTERNATIVE ENERGY Introduction Canadians are among the highest energy consumers in the world. Why? (list 3 possible reasons) Northern climate/very cold temperatures

More information

Energy Tutorial: Energy and Sustainability. Non-renewable and renewable resources

Energy Tutorial: Energy and Sustainability. Non-renewable and renewable resources Energy Tutorial: Energy and Sustainability Non-renewable and renewable resources Provided by Sponsored by INTRODUCTION We use energy for everything we do, whether it is heating our homes, cooking a meal,

More information

Student Worksheets Energy for a Cleaner Environment

Student Worksheets Energy for a Cleaner Environment Student Worksheets Energy for a Cleaner Environment Stage 4 Science FW4S1 Name: Introduction Renewable Versus Non-renewable Energy The Sun is a Primary Source of Energy Almost all the energy needed to

More information

Energy: renewable sources of energy. Renewable Energy Sources

Energy: renewable sources of energy. Renewable Energy Sources Energy: renewable sources of energy Energy Sources 1 It is technically and economically feasible to phase out net greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions almost entirely by 2050. A report by energy consulting firm

More information

Do-Now. 1.) Get out notebook.

Do-Now. 1.) Get out notebook. Do-Now 1.) Get out notebook. 2.) Answer the following questions on the first clean sheet in your notebook. 1.) What are renewable resources? 2.) What are nonrenewable resources? Alternative Sources of

More information

ANALYZING ENERGY. Time and Student Grouping Energy Source Analysis and Consequence Wheel: One class period. Grade Levels: 6-12

ANALYZING ENERGY. Time and Student Grouping Energy Source Analysis and Consequence Wheel: One class period. Grade Levels: 6-12 ANALYZING ENERGY Lesson Concepts: Students will analyze the advantages and disadvantages of nine different energy sources. They will use their knowledge to predict what would happen if the world did not

More information

Alternative Energy Resources

Alternative Energy Resources Alternative Energy Resources Energy Resource Advantages Disadvantages What are some renewable energy resources? A nonrenewable resource cannot be replaced in a reasonable amount of time. Fossil fuels such

More information

Geothermal: The Clean Energy Secret May 7, 2008

Geothermal: The Clean Energy Secret May 7, 2008 Geothermal: The Clean Energy Secret May 7, 2008 Published by Dr. Patrick Moore in conjunction with the New York Affordable Reliable Electricity Alliance (New York AREA) Geothermal: The Clean Energy Secret

More information

Station #1 Interpreting Infographs

Station #1 Interpreting Infographs Energy Resources Stations Activity Page # 1 Station #1 Interpreting Infographs 1. Identify and explain each of the energy sources (5) illustrated in the infograph. 2. What do the white and black circles

More information

Sustainable Design Student Worksheets Stage 4/5 Design & Technology FW45DT2. Name: FutureWorld 2015 FW45DT2

Sustainable Design Student Worksheets Stage 4/5 Design & Technology FW45DT2. Name: FutureWorld 2015 FW45DT2 Sustainable Design Student Worksheets Stage 4/5 Design & Technology FW45DT2 Name: Introduction Renewable Versus Non-renewable Energy The Sun is a Primary Source of Energy Almost all the energy needed to

More information

Sustainable Energy Sources By: Sue Peterson

Sustainable Energy Sources By: Sue Peterson www.k5learning.com Objective sight words (consumption, terrain, integral, orbit, originated, contemporary, remote); concepts (sustainable, renewable, photovoltaics, gasification) Vocabulary consumption

More information

310 Exam Questions. 1) Discuss the energy efficiency, and why increasing efficiency does not lower the amount of total energy consumed.

310 Exam Questions. 1) Discuss the energy efficiency, and why increasing efficiency does not lower the amount of total energy consumed. 310 Exam Questions 1) Discuss the energy efficiency, and why increasing efficiency does not lower the amount of total energy consumed. 2) What are the three main aspects that make an energy source sustainable?

More information

STATE UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK COLLEGE OF TECHNOLOGY CANTON, NEW YORK COURSE OUTLINE ESCI 101 - INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE

STATE UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK COLLEGE OF TECHNOLOGY CANTON, NEW YORK COURSE OUTLINE ESCI 101 - INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE STATE UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK COLLEGE OF TECHNOLOGY CANTON, NEW YORK COURSE OUTLINE ESCI 101 - INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE Prepared By: Rajiv Narula, Ph.D. SCHOOL OF SCIENCE, HEALTH, AND CRIMINAL

More information

ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF ENERGY SOURCES. Prepared by Sandra Vasa-Sideris, PhD, Southern Polytechnic State University, for use by students

ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF ENERGY SOURCES. Prepared by Sandra Vasa-Sideris, PhD, Southern Polytechnic State University, for use by students ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF ENERGY SOURCES Prepared by Sandra Vasa-Sideris, PhD, Southern Polytechnic State University, for use by students Questions to consider Where are the nonrenewable sources

More information

2011 FXA. 1.4.1 Generating Electricity ENERGY SOURCES

2011 FXA. 1.4.1 Generating Electricity ENERGY SOURCES UNIT 1 GCSE PHYSICS 1.4.1 Generating Electricity 45 ENERGY SOURCES Evaluation of different methods of generating electricity, when given data, such as start-up times, costs (including building and decommissioning

More information

Alternative Energy. Terms and Concepts: Relative quantities of potential energy resources, Solar constant, Economies of scale

Alternative Energy. Terms and Concepts: Relative quantities of potential energy resources, Solar constant, Economies of scale Objectives Key Terms and Concepts Introduction Solar Wind Hydroelectric Power Geothermal Sources Biofuels Summary: Economies of Scale Questions for the video if time permits Alternative Energy Objectives:

More information

1. What are some advantages of using fossil fuels?

1. What are some advantages of using fossil fuels? Nonrenewable Energy Resource Description Environmental Impacts Coal Black or brown solid combustible substance. oil A viscous liquid derived from petroleum, esp. for use as a fuel or lubricant. Natural

More information

Going Green: Installing Solar Panels around the Campus of Widener University

Going Green: Installing Solar Panels around the Campus of Widener University Going Green: Installing Solar Panels around the Campus of Widener University by Andrea Stickley Student at Widener University November 27, 2012 Abstract In recent years, it has come to light about the

More information

Introduction. So, What Is a Btu?

Introduction. So, What Is a Btu? Introduction The way of life that we Americans take for granted every day depends upon a stable and abundant supply of affordable energy. Energy shortages can quickly affect our everyday lives and harm

More information

ENERGY PRODUCING SYSTEMS

ENERGY PRODUCING SYSTEMS ENERGY PRODUCING SYSTEMS SOLAR POWER INTRODUCTION Energy from the sun falls on our planet on a daily basis. The warmth of the sun creates conditions on earth conducive to life. The weather patterns that

More information

RENEWABLE RESOURCES. Kinds of renewable resources. 1. Solar energy

RENEWABLE RESOURCES. Kinds of renewable resources. 1. Solar energy RENEWABLE RESOURCES Natural resources (also called land or raw materials) occur naturally within environments that exist relatively undisturbed by mankind, in a natural form. Natural resources are derived

More information

MCQ - ENERGY and CLIMATE

MCQ - ENERGY and CLIMATE 1 MCQ - ENERGY and CLIMATE 1. The volume of a given mass of water at a temperature of T 1 is V 1. The volume increases to V 2 at temperature T 2. The coefficient of volume expansion of water may be calculated

More information

T E A C H E R S N O T E S

T E A C H E R S N O T E S T E A C H E R S N O T E S Focus: Students explore energy: its sources, forms, and transformations. Students also consider the benefits of energy-efficient technologies and energy conservation. Learning

More information

Activity 1: 2 butter cartons, scissors, cling film, thermometer, water, a sunny spot and a shady spot.

Activity 1: 2 butter cartons, scissors, cling film, thermometer, water, a sunny spot and a shady spot. Equipment: Activity 1: 2 butter cartons, scissors, cling film, thermometer, water, a sunny spot and a shady spot. Activity 2: 3 thermometers, black paper, white paper Suggested Class Level: 3rd 6th Preparation:

More information

Solar PV panels fitted to roofs. Solar PV panels produce electricity from energy provided by sunlight. 3.5 MWh per system

Solar PV panels fitted to roofs. Solar PV panels produce electricity from energy provided by sunlight. 3.5 MWh per system Solar PV panels fitted to roofs Yearly cost of production Cost per kwh 12.5p Solar PV panels produce electricity from energy provided by sunlight. 3.5 MWh per system 430 per system Solar energy can be

More information

R enewable. & Nonrenewable Energy COMPARE AND CONTRAST. 2008 Thoughtful Education Press, LLC All rights reserved.

R enewable. & Nonrenewable Energy COMPARE AND CONTRAST. 2008 Thoughtful Education Press, LLC All rights reserved. COMPARE AND CONTRAST R enewable & Nonrenewable Energy 13 Foyer KNOWLEDGE ANTICIPATION Will our need for energy someday exceed our supply? Is the Energizer Bunny TM more like renewable or nonrenewable energy?

More information

Climate Change: A Local Focus on a Global Issue Newfoundland and Labrador Curriculum Links 2010-2011

Climate Change: A Local Focus on a Global Issue Newfoundland and Labrador Curriculum Links 2010-2011 Climate Change: A Local Focus on a Global Issue Newfoundland and Labrador Curriculum Links 2010-2011 HEALTH Kindergarten: Grade 1: Grade 2: Know that litter can spoil the environment. Grade 3: Grade 4:

More information

Innovadidattica, Leggere e scrivere l'ambiente

Innovadidattica, Leggere e scrivere l'ambiente Attenzione: l'allievo ha risposto usando il colore rosso. Allievo: Francesco B. 1. Read 1. Energy basics Energy is in everything. We use energy for everything we do, from making a jump shot to baking cookies

More information

Nonrenewable Natural Gas. Natural Gas Basics. How Was Natural Gas Formed?

Nonrenewable Natural Gas. Natural Gas Basics. How Was Natural Gas Formed? Did You Know? Because natural gas is colorless, odorless, and tasteless, mercaptan (a chemical that smells like sulfur) is added before distribution, to give it a distinct unpleasant odor (it smells like

More information

Chapter 13 Quiz. Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

Chapter 13 Quiz. Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Chapter 13 Quiz Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Which of the following is the correct type of energy utilized to produce tidal power? a.

More information

Section 1. Gathering Information Energy in the U.S. Web-quest

Section 1. Gathering Information Energy in the U.S. Web-quest Section 1. Gathering Information Energy in the U.S. Web-quest Summary Students visit various Web sites and complete the Web-quest Exploration Guide to learn about renewable and nonrenewable energy sources

More information

S1 Topic 9. Energy and Generating Electricity. Level: S1. Topic: Energy (Unit 4) Introduction:

S1 Topic 9. Energy and Generating Electricity. Level: S1. Topic: Energy (Unit 4) Introduction: S1 Topic 9 Energy and Generating Electricity Level: S1 Topic: Energy (Unit 4) Introduction: This set of ELA materials is designed for students whose academic ability is comparatively high. The whole unit,

More information

FIELD TRIP TO A POWER PLANT - A Reading Guide

FIELD TRIP TO A POWER PLANT - A Reading Guide TITLE: TOPIC: FIELD TRIP TO A POWER PLANT - A Reading Guide Energy and the sources of energy used in power plants GRADE LEVEL: Secondary CONTENT STANDARD: Earth and Space Science CONTENT OBJECTIVE: For

More information

Renewable Energy: Essential terms terms and and concepts for citizens and a dvocates advocates

Renewable Energy: Essential terms terms and and concepts for citizens and a dvocates advocates Renewable Energy: Essential terms and concepts for citizens and advocates Courtesy of NASA Contact Information Pete Shoemaker Pacific Energy Center 851 Howard St. San Francisco, CA 94103 (415) 973-8850

More information

Solar Solutions Copyright, The Environmental Center 2013

Solar Solutions Copyright, The Environmental Center 2013 Solar Solutions Copyright, The Environmental Center 2013 Subject: Science Grades: 4-8 Length: 30-60 minutes Focus: Renewable Energy, Solar Energy Rationale: We depend on energy for every aspect of our

More information

Renewable and Nonrenewable Resources. Environment and Ecology Standards 4.2 A

Renewable and Nonrenewable Resources. Environment and Ecology Standards 4.2 A Renewable and Nonrenewable Resources Environment and Ecology Standards 4.2 A 1. Natural Resources All of the Earth s organisms, air, water, and soil, as well as materials such as oil, coal, and ore that

More information

How to Earn the LEED Green Power Credit

How to Earn the LEED Green Power Credit 3D EG REES WH ITE PAPER How to Earn the LEED Green Power Credit Using on-site and off-site renewable energy to mitigate the impact of greenhouse gas emissions associated with a LEED project s energy use

More information

Where does carbon come from?

Where does carbon come from? Where does carbon come from? What are Carbon Sinks? Presentation by Jutta Kill SinksWatch jutta@fern.org www.sinkswatch.org Carbon dioxide is a gas that is created when carbon (C) comes in contact with

More information

Developing Ocean Energy in Ireland. Belmullet Wave Energy Test Site

Developing Ocean Energy in Ireland. Belmullet Wave Energy Test Site Developing Ocean Energy in Ireland Belmullet Wave Energy Test Site Where does our energy come from? Most of the energy we use in Ireland comes from fossil fuels such as oil, coal, peat and gas. We burn

More information

Basics. Energy from the sun, via photosynthesis in plants

Basics. Energy from the sun, via photosynthesis in plants Biomass Basics Energy from the sun, via photosynthesis in plants This is the same energy we use as food This is the same energy that made fossil fuels; fossil fuels are concentrated over time by the heat

More information

Name of the Island. Use the Three pillars of sustainability to evaluate the options of generating power.

Name of the Island. Use the Three pillars of sustainability to evaluate the options of generating power. Name Period Name of the Island A newly populated island off the South American cost needs a new power station. The president, Dési Bouterse has asked the local leaders split themselves up to research options.

More information

Alternative Sources of Energy

Alternative Sources of Energy Amy Dewees MISEP Chohort 1 Capstone: Pedagogy Section Alternative Sources of Energy Unit Description and Rational: This is a unit designed using Understanding by Design, an approach developed by Wiggins

More information

Great Energy Debate Game Students evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of the major energy sources in an innovative debate format.

Great Energy Debate Game Students evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of the major energy sources in an innovative debate format. Great Energy Debate Game Students evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of the major energy sources in an innovative debate format. SUBJECT AREAS Science Social Studies Math Language Arts? s s STUDENT

More information

Basics. this is a form of solar energy, as the sun drives water evaporation from the ocean and winds carry the moisture overland

Basics. this is a form of solar energy, as the sun drives water evaporation from the ocean and winds carry the moisture overland Hydropower Basics this is a form of solar energy, as the sun drives water evaporation from the ocean and winds carry the moisture overland largest form of alternative energy used today (but only 2% of

More information

10 Nuclear Power Reactors Figure 10.1

10 Nuclear Power Reactors Figure 10.1 10 Nuclear Power Reactors Figure 10.1 89 10.1 What is a Nuclear Power Station? The purpose of a power station is to generate electricity safely reliably and economically. Figure 10.1 is the schematic of

More information

Amherst County Public Schools. AP Environmental Science Curriculum Pacing Guide. College Board AP Environmental Science Site

Amherst County Public Schools. AP Environmental Science Curriculum Pacing Guide. College Board AP Environmental Science Site Amherst County Public Schools AP Environmental Science Curriculum Pacing Guide College Board AP Environmental Science Site REV: 8/12 1 st 9 weeks AP Objectives Energy Resources and Consumption A. Energy

More information

Renewable Choice Energy

Renewable Choice Energy Catawba College Table of Contents About Renewable Choice The Problem: Electricity Production Today The Solutions: Renewable Energy Sources Renewable Energy Credits (RECs) Who can participate in Renewable

More information

Multiple sources of energy will be available, giving the consumer choices. A Higher Percentage of Energy will come from renewable energy sources

Multiple sources of energy will be available, giving the consumer choices. A Higher Percentage of Energy will come from renewable energy sources Editor s comments: Numbers in parentheses indicate the number of duplicate or extremely similar comments made. The headings are editor s best attempt to draft vision statements reflecting the participants

More information

Impacts of the Renewable Energy

Impacts of the Renewable Energy Impacts of the Renewable Energy Dr. Mohammed Al Muhtadi AUTHORIZED BY AL-NASSER UNIVERSITY'S RESEARCH OFFICE جميع حقوق النشر محفوظة لمكتب البحوث والنشر بجامعة الناصر Abstract The world is very concerned

More information

Natural Resources. Air and Water Resources

Natural Resources. Air and Water Resources Natural Resources Key Concepts Why is it important to manage air and water resources wisely? How can individuals help manage air and water resources wisely? Air and Water Resources What do you think? Read

More information

Renewable Energy - Power for a Sustainable Future

Renewable Energy - Power for a Sustainable Future Renewable Energy - Power for a Sustainable Future Diana Ma, Ph.D. Vice President, SunPower Corp. October 24, 2009 Chung Tai Zen Center of Sunnyvale 1 Contents 1. The Vital Natural Processes: 2. The Imbalance

More information

New Energy Alternatives

New Energy Alternatives New Energy Alternatives New Renewables Commonly referred to as new because: not used on a wide scale technologies that are still in development believed that they will play a large role in the future Chapter

More information

Understanding and Measuring School Electronics

Understanding and Measuring School Electronics Understanding and Measuring School Electronics MATERIALS NEEDED: 1. 6 energy monitoring devices (note: these can be obtained from a variety of sources, i.e., local hardware stores, internet [average cost

More information

Alternative and Renewable Energy. Christopher Nicholson section: AD Last 4 # of SIN: 5001

Alternative and Renewable Energy. Christopher Nicholson section: AD Last 4 # of SIN: 5001 Alternative and Renewable Energy Christopher Nicholson section: AD Last 4 # of SIN: 5001 Current Primary Energy Sources Current Primary Energy Sources The pie chart on the left depicts global sources of

More information

Renewable Energies- the answer to the world s energy demand?

Renewable Energies- the answer to the world s energy demand? 4 Renewable Energies- the answer to the world s energy demand? Eng. Maritza VARGAS Independent Environmental and Sustainability Consultant The adjective Renewable means that the object or subject in question

More information

Renewable Energy Research

Renewable Energy Research Renewable Energy Research Georgia Power and Southern Company have been active in renewable energy research for many years. Over the last five years we have invested six million dollars in renewable energy

More information

AP ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 2012 SCORING GUIDELINES

AP ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 2012 SCORING GUIDELINES AP ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 2012 SCORING GUIDELINES Question1 Read the following article from the Fremont Gazette and answer the questions that follow. (a) Identify and describe TWO water-related environmental

More information

Energy Curriculum Grades 4-6 Part 2: Renewable v. Non-renewable Energy Teacher s Guide

Energy Curriculum Grades 4-6 Part 2: Renewable v. Non-renewable Energy Teacher s Guide Energy Curriculum Grades 4-6 Part 2: Renewable v. Non-renewable Energy Teacher s Guide 121 Second Street Oriskany, NY 13424 (315) 736-3394 www.cceoneida.com w w w. c ce o n e i d a. c o m Page 1 This teacher

More information

Student Energy Primer

Student Energy Primer Where Does Energy Come From? You can t see it, touch it, smell it, or taste it, and yet it powers everything in nature as well as everything people do. What is it? Energy, of course. Energy is the ability

More information

Energy from Electron Transfer

Energy from Electron Transfer Energy from Electron Transfer Batteries and Fuel Cells Energy from Electron Transfer 1 / 29 Outline of Topics 1 Renewable Energy Overview Biomass Energy Geothermal Energy Solar/PV Energy Hydroelectric

More information

Issue 3. Should we use more renewable energy as electricity source. in Hong Kong?

Issue 3. Should we use more renewable energy as electricity source. in Hong Kong? Issue 3 Should we use more renewable energy as electricity source in Hong Kong? Objectives 1. To know the source of electricity in Hong Kong 2. To briefly understand how electricity is generated 3. To

More information

Geography - Junior Cert

Geography - Junior Cert Geography - Junior Cert Energy forms the core of geography and yet it is often overlooked in the race for points. At the Junior Certificate level all the main areas are covered: the means and sources of

More information

Solar Energy Implementation Proposal to Meet all of the Nation s Energy Needs

Solar Energy Implementation Proposal to Meet all of the Nation s Energy Needs Solar Energy Implementation Proposal to Meet all of the Nation s Energy Needs Sara Albrecht Background Most of the world s energy is generated through the burning of fossil fuels such as oil, natural gas,

More information

Florida Department of Education Student Performance Standards

Florida Department of Education Student Performance Standards Florida Department of Education Student Performance Standards 2015 2016 Course Title: Fundamentals of Energy Course Number: 9790300 Course Length: One Year Course Description: The purpose of this course

More information

is it renewable or non-renwable energy?

is it renewable or non-renwable energy? description is it renewable or non-renwable? Grade 5, Science and Technology Source: Adapted from Is it Renewable or Non-Renewable Energy?, Earth Day Canada s EcoKids Program In this learning activity,

More information

It is a pleasure to welcome you to the 2015 Montessori Model United Nations Conference. Montessori Model United Nations. All rights reserved.

It is a pleasure to welcome you to the 2015 Montessori Model United Nations Conference. Montessori Model United Nations. All rights reserved. Dear Delegates, It is a pleasure to welcome you to the 2015 Montessori Model United Nations Conference. The following pages intend to guide you in the research of the topics that will be debated at MMUN

More information

CLEAN TECHNOLOGY. Chapter 17. Janet F. Jacobs 1 17.1 INTRODUCTION

CLEAN TECHNOLOGY. Chapter 17. Janet F. Jacobs 1 17.1 INTRODUCTION Chapter 17 CLEAN TECHNOLOGY Janet F. Jacobs 1 17.1 INTRODUCTION Washington State has established itself as one of the best places in the United States to do business because of its energetic and pioneering

More information

2015 2016 Environmental Science Scope & Sequence

2015 2016 Environmental Science Scope & Sequence 2015 2016 Environmental Science Scope & Sequence The suggested time frames in this document are for a year long environmental science class with approximately 45 minute class periods. All of the material

More information

Measuring Electricity Class Activity

Measuring Electricity Class Activity Measuring Electricity Class Activity Objective: To understand what energy is, how it impacts our daily lives, and how one can become an energy steward. Learning Outcomes: Students will: 1. Understand where

More information

The impact Equation where scientists and engineers fit in the picture

The impact Equation where scientists and engineers fit in the picture The impact Equation where scientists and engineers fit in the picture In a series of papers in 1970-74, Paul Ehrlich and John Holdren proposed the following equation to estimate the overall impact of our

More information

1. Nuclear - In YOUR OWN WORDS (not your partner s words) explain how this energy source works.

1. Nuclear - In YOUR OWN WORDS (not your partner s words) explain how this energy source works. ENERGY RESOURCES ACTIVITY Integrated Science 4 Name: Date: Period: Directions: In groups, you will be going from station to station answering questions about differing energy resource. Each individual

More information

Our financing of the energy sector in 2013

Our financing of the energy sector in 2013 Our financing of the energy sector in 213 rbs.com/sustainable About this document This report is the fourth Our financing of the energy sector briefing that we have produced since 21. The aim remains the

More information

Myths and Realities about Wind, Water, and Sun (WWS) Versus Current Fuels Mark Z. Jacobson September 26, 2012

Myths and Realities about Wind, Water, and Sun (WWS) Versus Current Fuels Mark Z. Jacobson September 26, 2012 MythsandRealitiesaboutWind,Water,andSun(WWS)VersusCurrentFuels MarkZ.Jacobson September26,2012 Severalmythshavedevelopedaroundwind,water,andsolar(WWS)energyresources.Just afewoftheseareaddressedhere. 1)

More information

The atmosphere has a number of gases, often in tiny amounts, which trap the heat given out by the Earth.

The atmosphere has a number of gases, often in tiny amounts, which trap the heat given out by the Earth. The Earth is wrapped in a blanket of air called the atmosphere, which is made up of several layers of gases. The sun is much hotter than the Earth and it gives off rays of heat (radiation) that travel

More information

Borough of South River, New Jersey Alternative Energy & Conservation Committee

Borough of South River, New Jersey Alternative Energy & Conservation Committee Borough of South River, New Jersey Alternative Energy & Conservation Committee Municipal, Commercial & Residential Energy Initiative Executive Summary August 24, 2009 Alternative Energy & Conservation

More information

Renewable vs. non-renewable energy sources, forms and technologies prepared by. A.Gritsevskyi, IAEA

Renewable vs. non-renewable energy sources, forms and technologies prepared by. A.Gritsevskyi, IAEA Renewable vs. non-renewable energy sources, forms and technologies prepared by. A.Gritsevskyi, IAEA Objective of this paper is to provide International Recommendations for Energy Statistics (IRES) with

More information

Energy Sources: The Pros and Cons

Energy Sources: The Pros and Cons Energy Sources: The Pros and Cons A Reading A Z Level Z Leveled Book Word Count: 1,803 LEVELED BOOK Z Energy Sources: The Pros and Cons Written by David L. Dreier Visit www.readinga-z.com for thousands

More information

Manure The input to the system, this is produced as waste once animals have consumed plant products.

Manure The input to the system, this is produced as waste once animals have consumed plant products. Resources for Energy System Diagram Activity Labels for Anaerobic digestion poster cut apart and distribute to students Manure The input to the system, this is produced as waste once animals have consumed

More information

Alternative Energy Sources Wind, Solar, Geothermal, and Hydroelectric Power By: Sue Peterson

Alternative Energy Sources Wind, Solar, Geothermal, and Hydroelectric Power By: Sue Peterson www.k5learning.com Objective sight words (alternative energy sources, renewable, toxins, propel, wind turbines, switched, generators, consistent, efficiently, by-products); concepts (alternative sources:

More information

Conventional Energy Sources

Conventional Energy Sources 9.2 Conventional Energy Sources Key Question: What benefits and problems come with common sources of energy? Hints The word plant here is not the kind that grows out of the ground. In this section, plants

More information

FACTS ABOUT CLIMATE CHANGE

FACTS ABOUT CLIMATE CHANGE FACTS ABOUT CLIMATE CHANGE 1. What is climate change? Climate change is a long-term shift in the climate of a specific location, region or planet. The shift is measured by changes in features associated

More information

Ch6&7 Test. Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

Ch6&7 Test. Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Ch6&7 Test Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Which of the following does NOT change the form of existing rock? a. tremendous pressure c.

More information

Making Coal Use Compatible with Measures to Counter Global Warming

Making Coal Use Compatible with Measures to Counter Global Warming Making Use Compatible with Measures to Counter Global Warming The J-POWER Group is one of the biggest coal users in Japan, consuming approximately 2 million tons of coal per year at eight coal-fired power

More information

Harvesting energy with fertilizers

Harvesting energy with fertilizers Harvesting energy with fertilizers Sustainable agriculture in Europe 1 Harvesting energy with fertilizers The reason for agriculture s existence is to supply energy to mankind. Agriculture converts solar

More information

Rainwater Harvesting

Rainwater Harvesting Rainwater Harvesting With climate change now a reality rather than a speculated possibility, the demand on water resources has gone up, whilst the amount of water available for supply has gone down. Forth

More information

Education & Training Plan Renewable Energy Specialist Online

Education & Training Plan Renewable Energy Specialist Online Education & Training Plan Renewable Energy Specialist Online MyCAA Information Tuition: $3600 (1 exam included for LEED) MyCAA Course Code: LIT-RES3 Course Contact Hours: 365 Hours Program Duration: 6

More information

Renewable Fuels. 2008 24 minutes

Renewable Fuels. 2008 24 minutes 2008 24 minutes Teacher Notes: Jodie Ashby B.Sc.B.Ed. Program Synopsis This program begins by looking at why we cannot sustain our current use of non-renewable resources and their environmental effects.

More information

Oregon Renewable. Energy. Resources. Inside this Brief. Background Brief on. Overview of Renewable Energy. Renewable Portfolio Standard

Oregon Renewable. Energy. Resources. Inside this Brief. Background Brief on. Overview of Renewable Energy. Renewable Portfolio Standard Background Brief on September 2014 Inside this Brief Overview of Renewable Energy Renewable Portfolio Standard Energy Facility Siting Renewable Energy Legislation Staff and Agency Contacts State Capitol

More information

RENEWABLE VERSUS NON-

RENEWABLE VERSUS NON- RENEWABLE VERSUS NON- Activity 1 RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES PLANNING A SUSTAINABLE FUTURE FOR NEW ZEALAND Identify Natural Energy Sources and their uses Natural energy sources exist in the environment and

More information

Thermal & Biogas Production In Egypt. By Prof. Dr. Ahmed Abd El-Ati Ahmed Egypt - GBEP Focal Point

Thermal & Biogas Production In Egypt. By Prof. Dr. Ahmed Abd El-Ati Ahmed Egypt - GBEP Focal Point Thermal & Biogas Production In Egypt By Prof. Dr. Ahmed Abd El-Ati Ahmed Egypt - GBEP Focal Point Some Related Socioeconomic indicators : The total land area is 1 Million Km 2. 97 % of the total area is

More information

RENEWABLE VERSUS NON- RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES

RENEWABLE VERSUS NON- RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES New Zealand has a government policy target of 90% renewable electricity generation by the year 2025, and also aims to reduce carbon emissions below 1990 levels by 2020. Currently NZ is well short of both

More information

Birmingham City University / Students Union Aspects and Impacts Register. Waste. Impacts description

Birmingham City University / Students Union Aspects and Impacts Register. Waste. Impacts description Birmingham City University / Students Union and Impacts Register Waste Production of non - hazardous waste Production of hazardous waste Storage of non - hazardous waste Potential for waste to be disposed

More information