/HNR: V1.0. John Bernander, Bioenergi som motor, Oslo

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1 /HNR: V1.0 John Bernander, Bioenergi som motor, Oslo

2 Og Bakom synger skogen

3 TOTAL WORLD ENERGY CONSUMPTION BY SOURCE (2010) Wind, sun and biomass. Source: Wikipedia Renewables heat Solar hotwater heat Hydropower Ethanol Biodiesel electricity Wind power electricity Solar PV power Solar CSP Ocean power 11,44 % 0,17 % 0,12 % 3,34 % 0,50 % 0,17 % 0,28 % 0,51 % 0,07 % 0,06 % 0,002 % 0,001 % Total Fossil fuels Nuclear Renewables 80,6 % 2,7 % 16,7 % p.3 Source: Wikipedia

4 WASTE WASTE PRODUCED USEFUL TWO MAIN MODES OF OPERATION: 1 POWER ONLY 2 CHP 1 ELECTRICAL POWER ONLY 2 COMBINED AND POWER (CHP) 100 % 18 % 100 % ELECTRICITY ELECTRICITY 12 % 88 % 82 % p.4 -Utilization of otherwise wasted heat -Output heat is cooled away, but at a much lower temp. -For CHP systems, the heat is usually the main product -Output heat is therefore utilized (hot water etc.)

5 ONE OUT OF MANY INTERESTING EXAMPLES: By generating 10 % electricity from existing biomass-fuelled heat (11.44 % of world total), one could cover up to as much as 20 times the entire PV production, or one third of the entire hydropower production! Translated into 10 kw CraftEngines, this means: Example calculation (10 % of biomass heat): 1. 11,44 % * 10 % / 0,06 % 20 times! GW x 20 / 10 kw = units Obviously, the short term reality doesn t look quite like this, but the potential is clearly shown, and that s the important point! Wikipedia on PV capacity: And by end of 2012, the 100 GW installed capacity milestone was achieved. p.5

6 A UNIVERSAL TOOL FOR SMALL-SCALE POWER GENERATION FROM RENEWABLE SOURCES (CraftEngine expander/ piston engine actual design) The CRAFTENGINE The heart of the CRAFTENGINE: The CRAFTENGINE piston engine/expander p.6

7 HIGHLIGHTS PRINCIPLE WHAT THE CRAFTENGINE IS AND WHAT IT DOES 190 cm EL Heat and Power Output Heat Input 60 cm CraftEngine 120 cm > Novel patented automotive-designed engine technology for local/distributed power generation > Converts heat from any * heat source into electricity Typ. cost 0,04 0,12 per kwh Also: > Extremely broad input temperature range starting at approx. 80 C > Enormous market size within waste heat, geothermal, biomass and solar segments * Any heat source with a temperature from approx. 80 C and upwards may be used as input energy source to produce electricity p.7

8 WHAT MAKES THE CRAFTENGINE REALLY UNIQUE: IT GENERATES POWER FROM ALL THE FOUR MAIN RENEWABLE SOURCES: p.8

9 ENERGY FLOW EXAMPLE EXHAUST GAS RECOVERY (EGR) THE PRINCIPLE Test partner/customer MWM, Germany (part of caterpillar) -Power generation from gas engine exhaust heat 4,0 cent/kwh Payback 1,4 years Exhaust gas Output (residual) heat Exhaust gas heat exchanger CraftEngine system Air-cooled condenser Demonstration customer Generator sets/combustion engines (natural gas, biogas, landfill gas, sewage gas, mine gas, diesel, etc.) -May increase fuel efficiency by up to 5 7 % BE Aerospace, USA -Power generation from diesel engine exhaust heat 4,0 cent/kwh Payback 1,4 years p.9

10 POWER GENERATION FROM WASTE INCINERATORS WASTE FROM WASTE INCINERATOR PLANTS FLUE GAS FROM WASTE INCINERATORS Test partner/customer ENERGY FLOW EXAMPLE SOURCES Flue gas Returkraft AS, Norway -Waste heat power generation from a waste incinerator plant 4,0 cent/kwh Payback 1,4 years Incinerator Flue gas heat exchanger CraftEngine system Air-cooled condenser - Enables great savings or profits from simply burning waste p.10

11 COMBINED AND POWER GENERATION FROM BIOMASS BOILERS ENERGY FLOW EXAMPLE SOME APPLICATIONS AGRICULTURAL FACILITIES (wood chip) boiler Hot water DISTRICT ING PLANTS/ING STATIONS EL Heat and power output CraftEngine system Development/test partners ETA Heiztechnik GmbH, At. (BIOS Bioenergiesysteme Gmbh, At.) -El. production from a hightemperature biomass boiler 12,0 cent/kwh Payback 2,6 years Pilot partner/customer Veggli Bio AS, Norway -El. production from a hightemperature biomass boiler 12,0 cent/kwh Payback 2,6 years Energy consumers p.11 - The CraftEngine adds value by enabling electricity production in addition to heat production

12 CRAFTENGINE BIOMASS APPLICATION Agricultural Market Residential Market p.12

13 BIOMASS SEEN IN COMBINATION WITH WASTE, GEOTHERMAL AND SOLAR AGRICULTURAL FACILITIES DISTRICT ING PLANTS/ING STATIONS A FEW QUICK FACTS SOME APPLICATIONS -For example, all wood gas and biogas engines produce waste heat that can be further utilized by a CraftEngine to generate even more electricity. -It has been stated that it could be a wise decision in the not so very far future to complement biomass heating stations with drilled geothermal wells (Prof. P. H. Heyerdahl, UMB. The reasons are best explained by him.) -Solar thermal systems only produce heat when there is sunlight. is a natural complement to this in order to provide continuous energy supply, both for heat and electricity, and eventually cooling*. * By use of e.g. absorption chillers p.13

14 p.14 CRAFTENGINE BIOMASS APPLICATION WOOD DRYER

15 CRAFTENGINE BIOMASS APPLICATION Illustration of a heating container with a 200kW wood chip boiler + 50kW oil thermal boiler + CraftEngine p.15

16 CRAFTENGINE BIOMASS MARKET PILOT PROJECT Load (kwth) Primary boilers (2x200KW) (normal temperature output, C) Secondary boiler (1x50KW) (condenser temperature output, C) Annual operating hours p.16

17 COST APPLICATIONS MARKET SEGMENTS RENEWABLE THERMAL ENERGY MARKETS SUMMARY Recovery CraftEngine may be used in conjunction with virtually any waste heat source in order to generate electricity and/or heat. Beginning at approximately 80 C and from 30 kw and upwards, the CraftEngine covers the widest range of waste heat sources. CraftEngine will generate electricity and heat from a majority of the current geothermal sources. The CraftEngine is equally suitable for geothermal hot springs as well as engineered/enhanced geothermal wells with minimum temperatures / power capacities of around 80 C / 50 kw. CraftEngine is ideally suited to generate electricity and heat from high-temperature biomass boilers as well as conventional boilers as long as the temperature is sufficiently high. CraftEngine may also be retrofitted on existing systems where thermal output is at minimum 80 C / 30kW. CraftEngine may be used in conjunction with modern and conventional solar thermal collector technologies in order to generate electricity, heat and/or cooling. CraftEngine may also be retrofitted on existing systems where thermal output is at minimum 80 C / 30kW. Waste heat from Combustion Engines, Mineral, Metal, Chemical and Medical Industries, Oil & Gas, Marine Vessels, Waste Incinerators, Food and Dairy plants etc. Energy supply to Hotels, Farms, Apartment Buildings, Office Buildings, Factories, Energy companies etc Energy supply to Farms, Heating Centrals, Hotels, Office buildings, Apartment buildings, Private households, Factories, Backup systems, Drying Applications etc Energy supply to Schools, Hospitals, Apartment Buildings, Office Buildings, Hotels, Farms, Shopping Malls, Private Households, Factories etc Production cost per kwh electricity (typical): Production cost per kwh electricity (typical): Production cost per kwh electricity (typical): Production cost per kwh electricity: 4,0 cent/kwh 4,0 cent/kwh 12 cent/kwh Solar partner input Payback time (typ.): 1,4 years Payback time (typ.): 1,4 years Cost of heat: 4,0 cent/kwh Payback time (typ.): 2,6 years Payback time: Solar partner input p.17

18 SPECIFIC COST /kw CHART SPECIFIC COST VS. POWER OUTPUT Other ORCs Steam Engines Stirling Engines (ICE) (PV) (Cost levels are not absolute, but represent typical examples) (Photovoltaics) ( /kw) POWER OUTPUT kwe (Power bounds are not absolute, but represent typical conditions) (kwe) (The CraftEngine cost is based on actual costs from manufacturer (AVL) and sub-suppliers.) p.18

19 CraftEngine WHY ARE SMALL SCALES SO HOT? Sales volume potential increases with smaller scale: Annual waste heat potential in the tens of thousands range Annual geothermal potential in the thousands range Annual biomass potential in the thousands range Annual solar thermal potential in the thousands range > 10MW Large-scale 1 10 MW Medium scale 50 kw 1 MW Small scale 5 50 kw Mini scale CraftEngine only < 5 kw Micro scale Relative sales volume potential p.19

20 Utfordringer i Norge Logistikk skog og konsument Største bruker Vannbåren varme Mottaksplikt strøm Incentiv installasjon/feed in tariff Kraftoverskudd

21 Østre Strandgate 40 P.O. Box 22 N-4661 Kristiansand NORWAY Tel: Fax: E mail: Walter-Freitag-Str. 16 D Remscheid GERMANY Tel: +49 (0) Fax: +49 (0)

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