# 10. Calculate the mass percent nitrogen in (NH 4 ) 2 CO 3 (molar mass = g/mol). a % c % e % b % d % f. 96.

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1 Chem : Final Exam Review Multiple Choice Problems 1. What is the molar mass of barium perchlorate, Ba(ClO 4 ) 2? a g/mol c g/mol e g/mol b g/mol d g/mol f g/mol 2. A sample of copper weighing 6.93 g contains how many moles of copper atoms? a mol c mol e mol b mol d mol f x mol 3. Carbon disulfide is a liquid that can be used in the production of rayon and cellophane. It is manufactured from methane and elemental sulfur according to the following chemical equation: CH 4 (g) + 4 S (s) Ÿ CS 2 (l) + 2 H 2 S (g) How many moles of CS 2 can be formed by the complete reaction of 10.6 mol of S? a. 1 mol c mol e. 4 mol b mol d mol f. 2 mol 4. Which of the following aqueous solutions would you use in a qualitative chemical test to identify a solution of Ba(OH) 2? a. AgNO 3 c. HNO 3 e. NaOH b. BaCl 2 d. H 2 SO 4 f. NH 3 5. What results would you expect from a litmus test of a solution of Ba(OH) 2? a. red litmus paper will turn blue c. there will be no change with either red or blue litmus paper b. blue litmus paper will turn red d. both red and blue litmus paper will change color 6. A sample of tungsten occupies a volume of 5.38 cm 3. What is the mass, in grams, of this sample of tungsten? (for tungsten, density = g/cm 3 ) a. 104 g c g e g b g d g f g 7. A compound has a molecular formula of C 12 H 24 O 6. What is this compound's empirical formula? a. CHO c. C 2 H 4 O e. C 4 H 8 O 2 b. C 6 H 12 O 3 d. C 12 H 24 O 6 f. CH 2 O 8. A non-metallic element X forms a compound with potassium that has the formula K 2 X. Which one of the following elements could be X? a. boron c. silicon e. chlorine b. antimony d. neon f. selenium 9. What is the mass, in grams, of potassium in 12.5 g of K 2 Cr 2 O 7 (molar mass = g/mol)? a g c g e g b g d g f g 10. Calculate the mass percent nitrogen in (NH 4 ) 2 CO 3 (molar mass = g/mol). a % c % e % b % d % f %

2 11. Consider the following balanced chemical equation: 3 Mg (s) + B 2 O 3 (s) Ÿ 2 B (s) + 3 MgO (s) What mass, in grams, of magnesium oxide are formed when g of B 2 O 3 is allowed to react to completion with excess magnesium? a g c g e g b g d g f g 12. Which one of the following compounds is not a strong electrolyte? a. KOH c. Na 2 CO 3 e. HCl b. CuSO 4 d. HNO 2 f. NH 4 Br 13. A gas mixture is composed of 1.00 mol of He, 2.00 mol of Ar, and 2.00 mol Kr. At STP, the partial pressure of He is: a. 152 torr c atm e b L/mol d g/mol f atm 14. Which of the following substances has the smallest density at 300 K and 1 atm? a. C (s) c. NH 3 (g) e. H 2 O (l) b. Ar (g) d. SF 6 (g) f. Xe (g) 15. What kind of reactant can convert HSO 3 (aq) to SO 3 2 (aq)? a. oxidizing agent c. reducing agent e. acid b. base d. precipitating agent f. none of the above 16. For an ideal gas at constant temperature, the number of molecules is a. inversely proportional to P x V c. inversely proportional to V b. directly proportional to P x V d. directly proportional to R 17. Compared to the rate of effusion of N 2 (g), the rate of effusion of SF 6 (g) is: a times faster c times faster e times faster b times slower d times slower f times slower 18. When 68.3 mg of Li 2 C 2 O 4 (molar mass = g/mol) dissolves in ml of water, the [Li + (aq)] is a mol/l c mol/l e mol/l b mol/l d mol/l f mol/l 19. A gas mixture contains 3.00 atm of H 2 and 1.00 atm of O 2 in a 1.00 L vessel at 400K. If the mixture burns to form water while the temperature is held at 400K, what is the partial pressure of H 2 O? a atm c atm e atm b atm d atm f atm 20. The energy of a photon of light is proportional to its frequency and proportional to its wavelength. a. directly, directly b. inversely, inversely c. inversely, directly d. directly, inversely

3 21. Aluminum metal reacts with chlorine according to the following chemical equation: 2 Al (s) + 3 Cl 2 (g) Ÿ 2 AlCl 3 (s); DH = 1408 kj How much heat (in kj) will be produced when 5.00 g of Al react? a. 130 kj c. 261 kj e kj b kj d kj f. 704 kj 22. The probability of finding an electron at a given point in space is given by the value of at that point. a. hc/l b. y c. y 2 d. l 23. Which set of quantum numbers cannot be correct? a. n = 2, l = 0, ml = 0, ms = + 1/2 c. n = 2, l = 1, ml = 1, ms = + 1/2 b. n = 3, l = 1, ml = 1, ms = - 1/2 d. n = 1, l = 1, ml = 1, ms = +1/2 24. Which one of the following orbitals can hold two electrons? a. 2p x b. 3s c. 4d xy d. all of the above 25. Rank the following elements in order of DECREASING atomic radius: Mg, Na, P, Si, Ar a. Mg, Na, P, Si, Ar b. Ar, Si, P, Na, Mg c. Si, P, Ar, Na, Mg d. Na, Mg, Si, P, Ar 26. Element X reacts with chlorine to form a compound with the formula XCl 2. The oxide of this element is basic. Element X is: a. Rb b. Ca c. Al d. P 27. The elements with the lowest first ionization energies belong to what group? a. alkali metals b. noble gases c. halogens d. alkaline earth metals 28. Which one of the following metals is most likely to form cations of several different charges? a. Al b. Cs c. Co d. Ca 29. Crystalline solids: a. have highly ordered structures b. are usually very soft c. exist only at high temperatures. 30. In which one of the following substances is the kinetic energy greatest relative to the intermolecular forces of attraction? a. H 2 O (l) b. NaCl (s) c. CO (g) d CH 3 OH (l) 31. Which one of the following compounds will have hydrogen bonding as one of its intermolecular forces? a. H 2 S b. SiH 4 c. HCl d. NH What is the predominant intermolecular force in CBr 4? a. London dispersion forces b. ion-dipole forces c. ionic bonding d. dipole-dipole forces 33. Which type of intermolecular force is the strongest? a. London dispersion force b. dipole-dipole force c. hydrogen bonding

4 34. As the strengths of intermolecular attraction increase, the boiling point of a liquid will a. increase b. decrease c. remain constant 35. The direct conversion of a solid to a gas is called a. fusion b. vaporization c. condensation d. sublimation 36. For a given substance, which is generally larger? a. DH fus b. DH vap c. DH sub 37. Which one of the following statements about phase diagrams (P vs T) is true? a. the critical point is that beyond which gas and solid are indistinguishable b. triple point is that at which solid, liquid, and gas are in equilibrium c. solid is generally found at high T and low P d liquid is generally found at high T and low P 38. A sphere that sits on the corner of a simple cubic unit cell is shared between how many unit cells? a. 4 b 1 c 8 d As vapor pressure increases, boiling point a. increases b. decreases c. remains constant 40. As vapor pressure increases, volatility a. increases b. decreases c. remains constant 41. The resistance of a liquid to flow is called a. viscosity b. surface tension c. volatility d. capillary action 42. The curvature of the surface of a liquid in a container is called the a surface tension b. meniscus c capillary action 43. In which of the following states of matter are the particles held the closest together? a. gas b. liquid c. solid 44. What type of close-packing pattern results in a lattice that has a face-centered cubic unit cell? a. AAA b. BBB c. ABAB d. ABCABC 45. Which one of the following properties of a liquid is not affected by an increase in intermolecular forces? a. viscosity b. molecular weight. c. DH vap d. boiling point 46. Metals atoms are held together by: a. ionic bonds b. covalent bonds c. London dispersion forces d. electrostatic interactions between metal cations and delocalized valence electrons

5 47. A solution is said to contain 28% phosphoric acid by mass. What does this mean? a. 1 ml of this solution contains 28 g of phosphoric acid b. 1 L of this solution has a mass of 28 g c. 100 g of this solution contains 28 g of phosphoric acid d. 1 L of this solution contains 28 ml of phosphoric acid e. the density of this solution is 2.8 g/ml 48. The vapor pressure of pure water at 25 C is 23.8 Torr. What is the vapor pressure of a solution prepared by dissolving 18.0 g of glucose (a nonelectrolyte, molar mass = 180 g/mol) in 95.0 g of water? a Torr c Torr e Torr b Torr d Torr f Torr 49. In basic solution: a. [H 3 O + ] = [OH ] c. [H 3 O + ] > [OH ] e. [H 3 O + ] = K w b. [H 3 O + ] < [OH ] d. [H 3 O + ] = 0 f. [OH ] = K w 50. Consider the following reaction at equilibrium: 2 CO 2 (g) 2 CO (g) + O 2 (g); DH = 514 kj. Increasing the temperature of this reaction at equilibrium will: a. increase the concentration of O 2 (g) at equilibrium b. decrease the concentration of CO 2 (g) at equilibrium c. decrease the value of the equilibrium constant d. cause the reaction to shift to the right e. have no effect 51. What is the ph of a solution that contains 2.51 x 10 6 M OH? a c e b d f The stronger an acid is, the its K a and the its percent dissociation. a. larger, greater b. smaller, less c. larger, less d. smaller, greater 53. Consider the equilibrium A B. If the forward rate constant is much larger than the reverse rate constant, which one of the following statements must be true? a. K < 1 c. [B] eq > [A] eq e. Q >1 b. E a is large d. none of these f. all of these 54. In a certain first order reaction it takes 240 s for the reactant concentration to decrease to 1/16 of its initial value. The half life of this reaction is a. 120 s c. 60 s e. 15 s b. 30 s d. 70 s f. 480 s 55. Consider a 2 nd order reaction AŸ products with k = L mol 1 s 1. If a sample initially has a concentration of mol/l of A, what is the concentration in mol/l of A after 20.0 s? a c e b d f

6 56. The ph of a M solution of HNO 3 (aq) is a c e b d f At 25 C pk a for formic acid = For formic acid K a = a c e b x d x f At some temperature, a mixture of 2.00 mol H 2 S, 2.00 mol S 2 and some H 2 are at equilibrium in a 2.00 L vessel. If K = 100 for the reaction 2 H 2 + S 2 2 H 2 S, then the [H 2 ] eq is a M c M e M b M d M f M 59. A reversible reaction A B has DH = 40 kj/mol. If the forward step has an activation energy of 120 kj/mol, then the reverse step has an activation energy of a. 3 kj/mol c. 3 kj/mol e. 80 kj/mol b. 160 kj/mol d. 40 kj/mol f. 120 kj/mol 60. Which of the following is present in the largest concentration in 1.0 M HClO 4 (aq)? a. HClO 4 c. ClO 4 e. OH + b. H 2 ClO 4 d. HClO 3 f. Cl 61. A catalyst speeds up a reaction principally by a. increasing T c. increasing K e. increasing A b. decreasing T d. decreasing E a f. increasing E a 62. For the reaction 2 H 2 (g) + 2 NO (g) Ÿ N 2 (g) + 2 H 2 O (g), a proposed mechanism is: step1: H 2 (g) + 2 NO (g) Ÿ N 2 O (g) + H 2 O (g); slow step 2: N 2 O (g) + H 2 (g) Ÿ N 2 (g) + H 2 O (g); fast The predicted rate law for this mechanism is a. Rate = k[n 2 O][H 2 ] b. Rate = k[h 2 ][NO] 2 c. Rate = k[h 2 ] 2 [NO] 2 d. Rate = k[h 2 ][N 2 O]/[N 2 ] 63. For an acid/base indicator to be useful in a titration, the indicator should have a pk a value that is within one unit (+ 1) of: a. pk a of the acid being titrated c. pk b of the base being titrated b. ph at the stoichiometric point d. ph of the initial acid solution 64. Which one of the following comparisons of acid strength is incorrect? a. pk a of HClO 2 < pk a of HClO 3 c. pk a of H 2 SeO 4 < pk a of HSeO 4 b. pk a of HC 2 Cl 3 O 2 < pk a of HC 2 H 3 O 2 d. pk a of HCl < pk a of HF 65. If each of the following salt solutions has a concentration of 1.0 M, which one has ph = 7.00? a. KClO 2 (aq) b. NaBr (aq) c. NH 4 Cl (aq) d. Na 3 PO 4 (aq)

7 66. Which one of the following reactions has a negative value of DS? a. LiBr (s) Ÿ LiBr (aq) c. 2 KN 3 (s) Ÿ 2 K (s) + 3 N 2 (g) b. I 2 (s) Ÿ I 2 (g) d. Ni (s) + F 2 (g) Ÿ NiF 2 (s) 67. When a metal cation reacts with molecules that can donate electron pairs, a forms. a. strong acid b. complex ion c. neutral solution d. buffer solution 68. Which one of the following methods could be used to increase the solubility of Fe(OH) 2 (s)? a. add Fe(NO 3 ) 2 (aq) b. raise the ph c. add HCl (aq) d. add KCl (s) 69. A buffer solution is made by dissolving mol HNO 2 (pk a = 3.45) and mol KNO 2 in 500 ml of water. The ph of this solution is: a b c d A certain reaction has DH = +50 kj/mol and DS = +100 J/K mol. This reaction is: a. spontaneous at all temperatures c. spontaneous only above 500 K b. not spontaneous at any temperature d. spontaneous only below 200 K mol of NaHC 2 O 4 (pka = 4.19) is dissolved in 1.00 L of water. Which one of the following could be added to form a buffer solution with ph = 4.50? a mol NaOH b mol Na 2 C 2 O 4 c mol H 2 C 2 O 4 d mol HCl 72. What is the concentration of CO 3 2 in 0.40 M H 2 CO 3 (aq)? For carbonic acid, K a1 = 4.3 x 10 7, and K a2 = 5.6 x a. 4.3 x 10 7 M b M c. 5.6 x M d. 2.3 x 10 8 M 73. Which of the following aqueous salt solutions (all M) has the lowest ph? a. Na 3 PO 4 b. Na 2 SO 4 c. NaCl d. AlCl In which of the following molecular orbitals is the probability of finding an e at the internuclear axis NOT equal to 0? a. s 2p b. p* 2p c. p 2p d. s* 2s 75. Consider P 2. Head to head overlap of two 3p orbitals (one on each P atom) leads to the formation of a.. one s 3p and one s* 3p MO c. one p 3p and one p* 3p MO b. one s 3p and one p 3p MO d. two p 3p and two p* 3p MO s 76. For which element is the ground state electron configuration [Ar] 4s 2 3d 8? a. Kr b. Fe c. Cu d. Zn e. Ni 77. Which of the following elements is the most paramagnetic? a. Fe b. P c. Ar d. Sc e. Cs 78. What is meant by the term normal boiling point? a. T = 25 C b. P = 1 atm c. bp of pure solvent d. bp when there are no intermolecular forces

8 79. Consider a Galvanic cell represented by the following line notation: Zn(s) Zn 2+ (aq) Cu 2+ (aq) Cu (s). Which statement about this cell is not true? a. The mass of the zinc electrode will increase as the cell discharges. b. The copper electrode is the cathode. c. Electrons will flow through the external circuit from the zinc electrode to the copper electrode. d. The cathode half reaction is Cu e Ÿ Cu. e. The concentration of Cu 2+ (aq) will decrease as the cell discharges. 80. An electrolytic cell runs with a current of 1.00 A for 30.0 min. What mass (in g) of iron can be plated from FeCl 2 (aq) in this cell? a g b g c. 838 g d x 10 3 g e g

9 Chem : Final Exam Review Multiple Choice Problems ANSWES 1. E 2. E 3. C 4. D 5. A 6. A 7. C 8. F 9. D 10. A 11. B 12. D 13. E 14. C 15. B 16. B 17. D 18, F 19. C 20. D 21. A 22. C 23. D 24. D 25. D 26. B 27. A 28. C 29. A 30. C 31. D 32. A 33. C 34. A 35. D 36. C 37. B 38. C 39. A 40. A 41. A 42. B 43. C 44. D 45. B 46. D 47. C 48. C 49. B 50. C 51. A 52. A 53. C 54. C 55. D 56. B 57. E 58. B 59. B 60. C 61. D 62. B 63. B 64. A 65. B 66. D 67. B 68. C 69. B 70. C 71. B 72. C 73. D 74. A 75. A 76. E 77. A 78. B 79. A 80. A

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