B) atomic number C) both the solid and the liquid phase D) Au C) Sn, Si, C A) metal C) O, S, Se C) In D) tin D) methane D) bismuth B) Group 2 metal

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "B) atomic number C) both the solid and the liquid phase D) Au C) Sn, Si, C A) metal C) O, S, Se C) In D) tin D) methane D) bismuth B) Group 2 metal"

Transcription

1 1. The elements on the Periodic Table are arranged in order of increasing A) atomic mass B) atomic number C) molar mass D) oxidation number 2. Which list of elements consists of a metal, a metalloid, and a nonmetal? A) Li, Na, Rb B) Cr, Mo, W C) Sn, Si, C D) O, S, Te 3. Which list includes elements with the most similar chemical? A) Br, Ga, Hg B) Cr, Pb, Xe C) O, S, Se D) N, O, F 4. If an element, X, can form an oxide that has the formula X 2O3, then element X would most likely be located on the Periodic Table in the same group as A) Ba B) Cd C) In D) Na 5. Which substance can be decomposed by chemical means? A) tungsten B) antimony C) krypton D) methane 6. Element X is a solid that is brittle, lacks luster,and has six valence electrons. In which group on the Periodic Table would element X be found? A) 1 B) 2 C) 15 D) Which element is an alkali metal? A) hydrogen B) calcium C) sodium D) zinc 8. Which element has most like those of magnesium? A) calcium B) cesium C) potassium D) sodium 9. In which section of the Periodic Table are the most active metals located? A) upper right corner B) lower right corner C) upper left corner D) lower left corner 10. A sample of an element is malleable and can conduct electricity. This element could be A) H B) He C) S D) Sn 11. Metallic substances will conduct electricity in A) the solid phase, only B) the liquid phase, only C) both the solid and the liquid phase D) neither the solid nor the liquid phase 12. Which element is malleable and ductile? A) S B) Si C) Ge D) Au 13. An element that has a low first ionization energy and good conductivity of heat and electricity is classified as a A) metal B) metalloid C) nonmetal D) noble gas 14. Which element is malleable and can conduct electricity in the solid phase? A) iodine B) phosphorus C) sulfur D) tin 15. Which of the following Group 15 elements has the greatest metallic character? A) nitrogen B) phosphorus C) antimony D) bismuth 16. In the formula XF2, the element represented by X can be classified as a A) Group 1 metal B) Group 2 metal C) Group 1 nonmetal D) Group 2 nonmetal 17. Which property is generally characteristic of metallic elements? A) low electrical conductivity B) high heat conductivity C) existence as brittle solids D) existence as molecular solids 18. What is a property of most metals? A) They tend to gain electrons easily when bonding. B) They tend to lose electrons easily when bonding. C) They are poor conductors of heat. D) They are poor conductors of electricity. 19. Which substance can not be broken down by a chemical change? A) methane B) propanal C) tungsten D) water

2 20. Which of these elements is the best conductor of electricity? A) S B) N C) Br D) Ni 21. Which Group 14 element is classified as a metal? A) carbon B) germanium C) silicon D) tin 22. Which two characteristics are associated with metals? A) low first ionization energy and low B) low first ionization energy and high C) high first ionization energy and low D) high first ionization energy and high 23. Which elements have the most similar chemical? A) Si, As, and Te B) N2, O2, and F2 C) Mg, Sr, and Ba D) Ca, Cs, and Cu 24. Which element is a liquid at STP and has low electrical conductivity? A) silver B) mercury C) barium D) bromine 25. Which phrase describes the molecular structure and of two solid forms of carbon, diamond and graphite? A) the same molecular structures and the same B) the same molecular structures and different C) different molecular structures and the same D) different molecular structures and different 26. Which particle diagram represents the arrangement of F 2 molecules in a sample of fluorine at 95 K and standard pressure? A) B) C) D) 27. Which elements have the most similar chemical? A) boron and carbon B) oxygen and sulfur C) aluminum and bromine D) argon and silicon 28. Which element at STP is a poor conductor of electricity and has a relatively high? A) Cu B) S C) Mg D) Fe 29. Which group in the Periodic Table contains elements that are all monatomic gases at STP? A) 15 B) 16 C) 17 D) Which element at STP exists as monatomic molecules? A) N B) O C) Cl D) Ne 31. Which element is a noble gas? A) W B) Ar C) N D) Er 32. Which element exhibits both metallic and nonmetallic? A) B B) Ba C) K D) Kr 33. Which isotopic notation identifies a metalloid that is matched with the corresponding number of protons in each of its atoms? A) 24 Mg and 12 protons B) 28 Si and 14 protons C) 75 As and 75 protons D) 80 Br and 80 protons

3 34. The element arsenic (As) has the of A) metals, only B) nonmetals, only C) both metals and nonmetals D) neither metals nor nonmetals 35. According to Reference Table N, which pair of isotopes spontaneously decays? A) C-12 and N-14 B) C-12 and N-16 C) C-14 and N-14 D) C-14 and N Given the particle diagram: At kpa and 298 K, which element could this diagram represent? A) Rn B) Xe C) Ag D) Kr 37. Which element is a brittle, nonconducting solid at 25 C? A) Br B) S C) Al D) Bi 38. Which element is a liquid at room temperature? A) K B) I2 C) Hg D) Mg 39. At STP, a 7.49-gram sample of an element has a volume of 1.65 cubic centimeters. The sample is most likely A) Ta B) Tc C) Te D) Ti 40. Which group contains elements in three phases of matter at STP? A) Group 2 B) Group 6 C) Group 15 D) Group Which Group 16 element has only unstable isotopes? A) Po B) Te C) Se D) S 42. Which statement explains why ozone gas, O3, and oxygen gas, O2, have different? A) They are formed from different elements. B) They have different molecular structures. C) They have different oxidation numbers. D) They have different electronegativities. 43. The two forms of oxygen, O2(g) and O3(g), have A) different molecular structures and identical B) different molecular structures and different C) identical molecular structures and identical D) identical molecular structures and different 44. A 10.0-gram sample of which element has the smallest volume at STP? A) aluminum B) magnesium C) titanium D) zinc 45. Which Lewis electron-dot diagram is correct for CO2? A) B) C) D) 46. Which is the correct electron-dot symbol for an aluminum atom in the ground state? A) B) C) D) 47. Which Lewis electron-dot diagram is correct for a S 2 ion? A) B) C) D) 48. What is the total number of electrons in the outermost shell of a phosphorus atom in the ground state? A) 1 B) 2 C) 3 D) The elements in Period 3 all contain the same number of A) protons B) neutrons C) valence electrons D) occupied principal energy levels 50. What is the total number of electrons in the valence shell of an atom of aluminum in the ground state? A) 8 B) 2 C) 3 D) 10

4 51. How do the chemical of the Na atom and the Na + ion compare? A) They are the same because each has the same atomic number. B) They are the same because each has the same electron configuration. C) They are different because each has a different atomic number. D) They are different because each has a different electron configuration. 52. An atom of aluminum in the ground state and an atom of gallium in the ground state have the same A) mass B) C) total number of protons D) total number of valence electrons 53. Which element will lose only valence electrons every time its atoms enter into a chemical reaction? A) Fe B) Cu C) Cr D) Mg 54. Which element would most likely be found uncombined in nature? A) K B) I C) Ag D) Mg 55. A metallic element whose aqueous ions produce colorless solutions would be found in Period 4 and Group A) IA B) VIIA C) VIII D) O 56. Which element can form a chloride with a general formula of MCl2 or MCl3? A) Fe B) Mg C) Al D) Zn 57. After a neutral sulfur atom gains two electrons, what is the resulting charge of the ion? 58. Compared to a Be 2+ ion, a Be 0 atom has A) more protons B) fewer protons C) more electrons D) fewer electrons 59. An atom of an element has a total of 12 electrons. An ion of the same element has a total of 10 electrons. Which statement describes the charge and radius of the ion? A) The ion is positively charged and its radius is smaller than the radius of the atom. B) The ion is positively charged and its radius is larger than the radius of the atom. C) The ion is negatively charged and its radius is smaller than the radius of the atom. D) The ion is negatively charged and its radius is larger than the radius of the atom. 60. As the atoms in Period 3 of the Periodic Table are considered from left to right, the atoms generally show A) an increase in radius and an increase in ionization energy B) an increase in radius and a decrease ionization energy C) a decrease in radius and an increase in ionization energy D) a decrease in radius and a decrease in ionization energy 61. Within Period 2 of the Periodic Table, as the atomic number increases, the atomic radius generally A) decreases B) increases C) remains the same 62. How does the size of a barium ion compare to the size of a barium atom? A) The ion is smaller because it has fewer electrons. B) The ion is smaller because it has more electrons. C) The ion is larger because it has fewer electrons. D) The ion is larger because it has more electrons. 63. Which ion would have the smallest radius? A) Ba 2+ B) Ca 2+ C) Mg 2+ D) Sr Which of the following ions has the smallest radius? A) Na + B) K + C) Mg 2+ D) Ca Compared to atoms of metals, atoms of nonmetals generally A) have higher electronegativities B) have lower first ionization energies C) conduct electricity more readily D) lose electrons more readily

5 66. Which statement describes the general trends in and first ionization energy as the elements in Period 3 are considered in order from Na to Cl? A) Electronegativity increases, and first ionization energy decreases. B) Electronegativity decreases, and first ionization energy increases. C) Electronegativity and first ionization energy both increase. D) Electronegativity and first ionization energy both decrease. 67. What is the first ionization energy of an element that has the electron configuration 2-8? A) 2372 kj B) 2081 kj C) 1313 kj D) 10 kj 68. As the Group 1 elements of the Periodic Table are considered from top to bottom, the first ionization energy of each successive element decreases. One reason for this is that the A) nuclear charge is decreasing B) number of neutrons is increasing C) number of principal energy levels is decreasing D) distance between the valence electron and the nucleus is increasing 69. Which atom requires the least energy to form a positive ion? A) Ge B) Ca C) Ga D) K 70. Which element in Group 15 has the greatest metallic character? A) nitrogen B) phosphorus C) antimony D) bismuth 71. As the elements in Group 17 are considered in order of increasing atomic number, the chemical reactivity of each successive element A) decreases B) increases C) remains the same 72. Which element has the highest electrical conductivity? A) Mg B) H C) He D) Cl 73. Two solid samples each contain sulfur, oxygen, and sodium, only. These samples have the same color, melting point, density, and reaction with an aqueous barium chloride solution. It can be concluded that the two samples are the same A) compound B) element C) mixture D) solution 74. Which substance can be decomposed by a chemical change? A) Co B) CO C) Cr D) Cu 75. Which diagram represents a physical change, only? A) B) C) D) 76. Which substance can be decomposed by a chemical change? A) sodium B) argon C) sulfur D) ammonia 77. Which species represents a chemical compound? A) N2 B) NH4 + C) Na D) NaHCO3

6 78. What is the total number of different elements present in? A) 7 B) 9 C) 3 D) What is the chemical formula for sodium sulfate? A) Na2SO3 B) Na2SO4 C) NaSO3 D) NaSO4 80. If X represents an element of Group 1, the formula of its oxide would be A) XO B) X2O C) XO2 D) X2O3 81. Element X forms the compounds XCl3 and X2O3. In the Periodic Table, element X would most likely be found in Group A) 1 (IA) B) 2 (IIA) C) 13 (IIIA) D) 14 (IVA) 82. In which Group do the elements usually form oxides which have the general formula M2O3? A) 1 B) 2 C) 13 D) What is the name of the polyatomic ion in the compound Na2O2? A) hydroxide B) oxalate C) oxide D) peroxide 84. The correct formula for lead (IV) oxide is A) PbO B) Pb2O C) PbO2 D) Pb2O2 85. An example of a compound containing only two elements is A) mercury B) ethanol C) sodium D) ammonia

Page Which element is a noble gas? (1) krypton (3) antimony (2) chlorine (4) manganese

Page Which element is a noble gas? (1) krypton (3) antimony (2) chlorine (4) manganese 1. Which characteristics describe most nonmetals in the solid phase? (1) They are malleable and have metallic luster. (2) They are malleable and lack metallic luster. (3) They are brittle and have metallic

More information

Periodic Table Questions

Periodic Table Questions Periodic Table Questions 1. The elements characterized as nonmetals are located in the periodic table at the (1) far left; (2) bottom; (3) center; (4) top right. 2. An element that is a liquid at STP is

More information

Test 7: Periodic Table Review Questions

Test 7: Periodic Table Review Questions Name: Wednesday, January 16, 2008 Test 7: Periodic Table Review Questions 1. Which halogen is a solid at STP? 1. fluorine 3. bromine 2. chlorine 4. iodine 2. Element M is a metal and its chloride has the

More information

Periodic Table Extra Practice

Periodic Table Extra Practice Periodic Table Extra Practice 1. Which of the following elements in Period 3 has the greatest metallic character? 1) Ar 3) Mg 2) Si 4) S 2. Which sequence of atomic numbers represents elements which have

More information

Chapter 3 Applying Your Knowledge- Even Numbered

Chapter 3 Applying Your Knowledge- Even Numbered Chapter 3 Applying Your Knowledge- Even Numbered 2. Elements in a specific compound are always present in a definite proportion by mass; for example, in methane, CH 4, 12 g of carbon are combined with

More information

The Nature of Chemistry

The Nature of Chemistry CHAPTER 1 The Nature of Chemistry Objectives You will be able to do the following. 1. Describe how science in general is done. 2. Given a description of a property of a substance, identify the property

More information

Chapter 2 Atoms and the Periodic Table

Chapter 2 Atoms and the Periodic Table Chapter 2 1 Chapter 2 Atoms and the Periodic Table Solutions to In-Chapter Problems 2.1 Each element is identified by a one- or two-letter symbol. Use the periodic table to find the symbol for each element.

More information

47374_04_p25-32.qxd 2/9/07 7:50 AM Page 25. 4 Atoms and Elements

47374_04_p25-32.qxd 2/9/07 7:50 AM Page 25. 4 Atoms and Elements 47374_04_p25-32.qxd 2/9/07 7:50 AM Page 25 4 Atoms and Elements 4.1 a. Cu b. Si c. K d. N e. Fe f. Ba g. Pb h. Sr 4.2 a. O b. Li c. S d. Al e. H f. Ne g. Sn h. Au 4.3 a. carbon b. chlorine c. iodine d.

More information

SAI. Protons Electrons Neutrons Isotope Name. Isotope Symbol 131i S3 1. Atomic Number. Mass Number

SAI. Protons Electrons Neutrons Isotope Name. Isotope Symbol 131i S3 1. Atomic Number. Mass Number ATOMIC STRUCTURE AND THE PERIODIC TABLE CHAPTER 4 WORKSHEET PART A Given the following isotopes, determine the atomic number, the mass number, the number of protons, electrons and neutrons. Isotope Symbol

More information

UNIT (2) ATOMS AND ELEMENTS

UNIT (2) ATOMS AND ELEMENTS UNIT (2) ATOMS AND ELEMENTS 2.1 Elements An element is a fundamental substance that cannot be broken down by chemical means into simpler substances. Each element is represented by an abbreviation called

More information

Answers and Solutions to Text Problems

Answers and Solutions to Text Problems Atoms and Elements 2 Answers and Solutions to Text Problems 2.1 a. Cu b. Si c. K d. N e. Fe f. Ba g. Pb h. Sr 2.2 a. O b. Li c. S d. Al e. H f. Ne g. Sn h. Au 2.3 a. carbon b. chlorine c. iodine d. mercury

More information

Untitled Document. 1. Which of the following best describes an atom? 4. Which statement best describes the density of an atom s nucleus?

Untitled Document. 1. Which of the following best describes an atom? 4. Which statement best describes the density of an atom s nucleus? Name: Date: 1. Which of the following best describes an atom? A. protons and electrons grouped together in a random pattern B. protons and electrons grouped together in an alternating pattern C. a core

More information

Find a pair of elements in the periodic table with atomic numbers less than 20 that are an exception to the original periodic law.

Find a pair of elements in the periodic table with atomic numbers less than 20 that are an exception to the original periodic law. Example Exercise 6.1 Periodic Law Find the two elements in the fifth row of the periodic table that violate the original periodic law proposed by Mendeleev. Mendeleev proposed that elements be arranged

More information

Directions: Multiple Choice For each of the following questions, choose the answer that best answers the question and place it on your answer sheet.

Directions: Multiple Choice For each of the following questions, choose the answer that best answers the question and place it on your answer sheet. CHEMISTRY TEST: THE PERIODIC TABLE Directions: Multiple Choice For each of the following questions, choose the answer that best answers the question and place it on your answer sheet. 1. Which of the following

More information

Chapter 6. Periodic Relationships Among the Elements

Chapter 6. Periodic Relationships Among the Elements Chapter 6. Periodic Relationships Among the Elements Student: 1. The nineteenth century chemists arranged elements in the periodic table according to increasing A. atomic number. B. number of electrons.

More information

ATOMIC THEORY. Name Symbol Mass (approx.; kg) Charge

ATOMIC THEORY. Name Symbol Mass (approx.; kg) Charge ATOMIC THEORY The smallest component of an element that uniquely defines the identity of that element is called an atom. Individual atoms are extremely small. It would take about fifty million atoms in

More information

TEST NAME: Chemistry ES 1.3 TEST ID: GRADE:11 SUBJECT:Life and Physical Sciences TEST CATEGORY: My Classroom

TEST NAME: Chemistry ES 1.3 TEST ID: GRADE:11 SUBJECT:Life and Physical Sciences TEST CATEGORY: My Classroom TEST NAME: Chemistry ES 1.3 TEST ID: 61960 GRADE:11 SUBJECT:Life and Physical Sciences TEST CATEGORY: My Classroom Chemistry ES 1.3 Page 1 of 10 Student: Class: Date: 1. The electron configuration of an

More information

3. What would you predict for the intensity and binding energy for the 3p orbital for that of sulfur?

3. What would you predict for the intensity and binding energy for the 3p orbital for that of sulfur? PSI AP Chemistry Periodic Trends MC Review Name Periodic Law and the Quantum Model Use the PES spectrum of Phosphorus below to answer questions 1-3. 1. Which peak corresponds to the 1s orbital? (A) 1.06

More information

Reporting Category 1: Matter and Energy

Reporting Category 1: Matter and Energy Name: Science Teacher: Reporting Category 1: Matter and Energy Atoms Fill in the missing information to summarize what you know about atomic structure. Name of Subatomic Particle Location within the Atom

More information

PERIODIC TABLE OF ELEMENTS., a Russian scientist is credited with creating the periodic table.

PERIODIC TABLE OF ELEMENTS., a Russian scientist is credited with creating the periodic table. PERIODIC TABLE OF ELEMENTS, a Russian scientist is credited with creating the periodic table. Periods tell us how many are in the atoms of each element. Groups help us to know how many electrons are in

More information

Answer Sheet Quarterly Review Questions

Answer Sheet Quarterly Review Questions Answer Sheet Quarterly Review Questions 1. Compared to the charge and mass of a proton, an electron has a. the same charge and a smaller mass b. the same charge and the same mass c. an opposite charge

More information

1 Electrons and Chemical Bonding

1 Electrons and Chemical Bonding CHAPTER 1 1 Electrons and Chemical Bonding SECTION Chemical Bonding BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What is chemical bonding? What are valence

More information

CHAPTER 10 MODERN ATOMIC THEORY AND THE PERIODIC TABLE SOLUTIONS TO REVIEW QUESTIONS

CHAPTER 10 MODERN ATOMIC THEORY AND THE PERIODIC TABLE SOLUTIONS TO REVIEW QUESTIONS HEINS10-118-128v4.qxd 12/30/06 2:05 PM Page 118 CHAPTER 10 MODERN ATOMIC THEORY AND THE PERIODIC TABLE SOLUTIONS TO REVIEW QUESTIONS 1. An electron orbital is a region in space around the nucleus of an

More information

CHM1 Review for Exam Which of the following elements has the highest electronegativity

CHM1 Review for Exam Which of the following elements has the highest electronegativity The following are topics and sample questions for the first exam. Topics 1. Mendeleev and the first periodic Table 2. Information in the Periodic Table a. Groups (families) i. Alkali (group 1) ii. Alkaline

More information

2. John Dalton did his research work in which of the following countries? a. France b. Greece c. Russia d. England

2. John Dalton did his research work in which of the following countries? a. France b. Greece c. Russia d. England CHAPTER 3 1. Which combination of individual and contribution is not correct? a. Antoine Lavoisier - clarified confusion over cause of burning b. John Dalton - proposed atomic theory c. Marie Curie - discovered

More information

Chapter 2 Atoms, Ions, and the Periodic Table

Chapter 2 Atoms, Ions, and the Periodic Table Chapter 2 Atoms, Ions, and the Periodic Table 2.1 (a) neutron; (b) law of conservation of mass; (c) proton; (d) main-group element; (e) relative atomic mass; (f) mass number; (g) isotope; (h) cation; (i)

More information

Bonding Practice Problems

Bonding Practice Problems NAME 1. When compared to H 2 S, H 2 O has a higher 8. Given the Lewis electron-dot diagram: boiling point because H 2 O contains stronger metallic bonds covalent bonds ionic bonds hydrogen bonds 2. Which

More information

Unit 7 Review. Name: Class: Date: Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

Unit 7 Review. Name: Class: Date: Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Name: Class: Date: ID: A Unit 7 Review Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) In which set of elements would all members be expected to have very

More information

Bonding Web Practice. Trupia

Bonding Web Practice. Trupia 1. If the electronegativity difference between the elements in compound NaX is 2.1, what is element X? bromine fluorine chlorine oxygen 2. Which bond has the greatest degree of ionic character? H Cl Cl

More information

CHEM 1180 Fall 2015 Element Quiz A 28 AUG 15. Guard your quiz and conduct yourself properly. Spelling counts!

CHEM 1180 Fall 2015 Element Quiz A 28 AUG 15. Guard your quiz and conduct yourself properly. Spelling counts! CHEM 1180 Fall 2015 Element Quiz A 28 AUG 15 a) Chromium Cr b) Lithium Li c) Thallium Tl d) Tellurium Te e) Cadmium Cd f) Vanadium V g) Titanium Ti h) Sulfur S i) Silicon Si j) Beryllium Be a) Mn Manganese

More information

SCPS Chemistry Worksheet Periodicity A. Periodic table 1. Which are metals? Circle your answers: C, Na, F, Cs, Ba, Ni

SCPS Chemistry Worksheet Periodicity A. Periodic table 1. Which are metals? Circle your answers: C, Na, F, Cs, Ba, Ni SCPS Chemistry Worksheet Periodicity A. Periodic table 1. Which are metals? Circle your answers: C, Na, F, Cs, Ba, Ni Which metal in the list above has the most metallic character? Explain. Cesium as the

More information

Chapter 6: The Periodic Table Study Guide

Chapter 6: The Periodic Table Study Guide Chapter 6: The Periodic Table Study Guide I. General organization of table A. Modern periodic table 1. Increasing atomic number B. 3 major blocks 1. Metals a. Mostly solids at room temperature b. Conduct

More information

Use the PES spectrum of Phosphorus below to answer questions 1-3.

Use the PES spectrum of Phosphorus below to answer questions 1-3. Use the PES spectrum of Phosphorus below to answer questions 1-3. 1. Which peak corresponds to the 1s orbital? (A) 1.06 (B) 1.95 (C) 13.5 (D) 18.7 (E) 208 2. Which peak corresponds to the valence 3p orbital?

More information

Unit 6 Particles with Internal Structure 3-1

Unit 6 Particles with Internal Structure 3-1 Unit 6 Particles with Internal Structure 3-1 The Elements Remember, elements are combined to form molecules the way letters are combined to form words. Presently there are about 115 known elements. Only

More information

Periodic Table of the Elements

Periodic Table of the Elements Periodic Table of the Elements Where did it come from? 1869 Demitri Mendeleev Russian chemist who discovered a pattern to the elements Wrote properties on cards Arranged cards according to properties

More information

Packet 3b: The Periodic Table

Packet 3b: The Periodic Table Click: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/physics/hunting-elements.html Periodic Table: Organizes and classifying the elements Dmitri Mendeleev: Russian chemist who arranged according to their increasing atomic.

More information

1 Arranging the Elements

1 Arranging the Elements CHAPTER 12 1 Arranging the Elements SECTION The Periodic Table BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: How are elements arranged on the periodic table?

More information

Name. Worksheet: Periodic Trends. 11. Which sequence of elements is arranged in order of decreasing atomic radii?

Name. Worksheet: Periodic Trends. 11. Which sequence of elements is arranged in order of decreasing atomic radii? 1. Which statement best describes Group 2 elements as they are considered in order from top to bottom of the Periodic Table? (A) The number of principal energy levels increases, and the number of valence

More information

Chapter 3 Atoms and Elements

Chapter 3 Atoms and Elements Chapter 3 Atoms and Elements 1 Elements Elements are pure substances that cannot be separated into simpler substances by ordinary laboratory processes the building blocks of matter listed on the inside

More information

Blocks on the periodic table. Atomic weight: This is either a decimal number or a number in parenthesis.

Blocks on the periodic table. Atomic weight: This is either a decimal number or a number in parenthesis. 68 Blocks on the periodic table 11 Sodium 22.99 Atomic number: This is always a whole number. The periodic table is arranged by atomic number! Element symbol: A one or two letter abbreviation for the name

More information

The Periodic Table and Periodic Law

The Periodic Table and Periodic Law The Periodic Table and Periodic Law Section 6.1 Development of the Modern Periodic Table In your textbook, reads about the history of the periodic table s development. Use each of the terms below just

More information

TRENDS IN THE PERIODIC TABLE

TRENDS IN THE PERIODIC TABLE Noble gases Period alogens Alkaline earth metals Alkali metals TRENDS IN TE PERIDI TABLE Usual charge +1 + +3-3 - -1 Number of Valence e - s 1 3 4 5 6 7 Electron dot diagram X X X X X X X X X 8 Group 1

More information

The Periodic Table. Name: Class: Date: ID: A. Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question:

The Periodic Table. Name: Class: Date: ID: A. Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question: Name: Class: Date:, ID: A The Periodic Table Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question: 1. What are the elements with atomic numbers from 58 to 71 called?

More information

Chapter 7 Periodic Properties of the Elements

Chapter 7 Periodic Properties of the Elements Chapter 7 Periodic Properties of the Elements 1. Elements in the modern version of the periodic table are arranged in order of increasing. (a). oxidation number (b). atomic mass (c). average atomic mass

More information

Periodic Table. 1. In the modern Periodic Table, the elements are arranged in order of increasing. A. atomic number B. mass number

Periodic Table. 1. In the modern Periodic Table, the elements are arranged in order of increasing. A. atomic number B. mass number Name: ate: 1. In the modern, the elements are arranged in order of increasing. atomic number. mass number. oxidation number. valence number 5. s the elements in Group I are considered in order of increasing

More information

Homework Chapter 03 Chemistry 51 Los Angeles Mission College

Homework Chapter 03 Chemistry 51 Los Angeles Mission College 3.93 Give the period and group number for each of the following elements: a. bromine b. argon c. potassium d. radium 3.94 Give the period and group number for each of the following elements: a. radon b.

More information

Name period AP chemistry Unit 2 worksheet Practice problems

Name period AP chemistry Unit 2 worksheet Practice problems Name period AP chemistry Unit 2 worksheet Practice problems 1. What are the SI units for a. Wavelength of light b. frequency of light c. speed of light Meter hertz (s -1 ) m s -1 (m/s) 2. T/F (correct

More information

IPS Unit 8 Periodic Table Review Worksheet

IPS Unit 8 Periodic Table Review Worksheet Name: Period: IPS Unit 8 Periodic Table Review Worksheet Directions: Use the terms below to correctly complete the statements. Write the terms in the blanks to the left. Then find and circle each term

More information

MODERN ATOMIC THEORY AND THE PERIODIC TABLE

MODERN ATOMIC THEORY AND THE PERIODIC TABLE CHAPTER 10 MODERN ATOMIC THEORY AND THE PERIODIC TABLE SOLUTIONS TO REVIEW QUESTIONS 1. Wavelength is defined as the distance between consecutive peaks in a wave. It is generally symbolized by the Greek

More information

Ms. Campbell Ionic Bonding Practice Regents Chemistry

Ms. Campbell Ionic Bonding Practice Regents Chemistry Name Student # Ms. Campbell Ionic Bonding Practice Regents Chemistry 1. Which element reacts with oxygen to form ionic bonds? 1) calcium 2) hydrogen 3) chlorine 4) nitrogen 2. Element X reacts with chlorine

More information

Chapter 6 The Periodic Table

Chapter 6 The Periodic Table Chapter 6 The Periodic Table Organizing the Periodic Table In a grocery store, the products are grouped according to similar characteristics. With a logical classification system, finding and comparing

More information

Chapter 2 The Structure of Matter and the Chemical Elements

Chapter 2 The Structure of Matter and the Chemical Elements 9 Chapter 2 The Structure of Matter and the Chemical Elements Review Skills 2.1 Solids, Liquids, and Gases Solids Liquids Gases Internet: The Structure of Matter 2.2 The Chemical Elements Internet: Element

More information

2. All of the atoms of argon have the same. 1. The atomic number of an atom is always equal to the total number of. A. mass number B.

2. All of the atoms of argon have the same. 1. The atomic number of an atom is always equal to the total number of. A. mass number B. 1. The atomic number of an atom is always equal to the total number of A. neutrons in the nucleus B. protons in the nucleus 2. All of the atoms of argon have the same A. mass number B. atomic number C.

More information

Chapter 5 TEST: The Periodic Table name

Chapter 5 TEST: The Periodic Table name Chapter 5 TEST: The Periodic Table name HPS # date: Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. The order of elements in the periodic table is based

More information

Science and technology 404

Science and technology 404 Name Date STUDY GUIDE CHAPTER 1 ATOMS AND ELEMENTS 1) DESCRIBE THE RUTHERFORD-BOHR ATOMIC MODEL All matter is made of small particles called atoms. An atom is the smallest unit of matter that retains the

More information

Scientists create models to understand how things work, including atoms.

Scientists create models to understand how things work, including atoms. CHEM100 Week 4 Notes Page 1 of 6 Scientists create models to understand how things work, including atoms. Dalton created a theory for the atom with these 5 postulates 1. Elements consist of one or more

More information

Unit 3 Study Guide: Electron Configuration & The Periodic Table

Unit 3 Study Guide: Electron Configuration & The Periodic Table Name: Teacher s Name: Class: Block: Date: Unit 3 Study Guide: Electron Configuration & The Periodic Table 1. For each of the following elements, state whether the element is radioactive, synthetic or both.

More information

CLASSIFICATION OF ELEMENTS

CLASSIFICATION OF ELEMENTS CLASSIFICATION OF ELEMENTS Matter is classified into solids, liquids and gases. However this is not the only way of classification of the matter. It is also classified into elements, compounds and mixtures

More information

EXPERIMENT 4 The Periodic Table - Atoms and Elements

EXPERIMENT 4 The Periodic Table - Atoms and Elements EXPERIMENT 4 The Periodic Table - Atoms and Elements INTRODUCTION Primary substances, called elements, build all the materials around you. There are more than 109 different elements known today. The elements

More information

Chapter Outline. 3 Elements and Compounds. Elements and Atoms. Elements. Elements. Elements 9/4/2013

Chapter Outline. 3 Elements and Compounds. Elements and Atoms. Elements. Elements. Elements 9/4/2013 3 Elements and Compounds Chapter Outline 3.1 Elements A. Distribution of Elements Foundations of College Chemistry, 14 th Ed. Morris Hein and Susan Arena Copyright This reclining Buddha in Thailand is

More information

Key: Periodic Table Blocks. s block p block d block f block

Key: Periodic Table Blocks. s block p block d block f block Name Chemistry / / Periodic Table Today you will learn about the organization of the elements of the periodic table into groups (or families) and periods and the properties of these groups. Groups (or

More information

Atomic Theory: The Nuclear Model of the Atom

Atomic Theory: The Nuclear Model of the Atom Chapter 5 Atomic Theory: The Nuclear Model of the Atom Section 5.1 Dalton s Atomic Theory Goal 1 Precursors to John Dalton s atomic theory Law of Definite Composition The percentage by mass of the elements

More information

Language of Chemistry includes chemical symbols of elements, chemical formulas, & chemical equations. Periodic Table. Each element has its own

Language of Chemistry includes chemical symbols of elements, chemical formulas, & chemical equations. Periodic Table. Each element has its own Language of Chemistry includes chemical symbols of elements, chemical formulas, & chemical equations All known elements (ca.100) are arranged in Periodic Table. Sodium Na Potassium K Hydrogen H Each element

More information

The Periodic Table: Chapter Problems Periodic Table Class Work Homework Special Groups Class Work Homework Periodic Families Class Work

The Periodic Table: Chapter Problems Periodic Table Class Work Homework Special Groups Class Work Homework Periodic Families Class Work The Periodic Table: Chapter Problems Periodic Table 1. As you move from left to right across the periodic table, how does atomic number change? 2. What element is located in period 3, group 13? 3. What

More information

The Periodic Table: Periodic trends

The Periodic Table: Periodic trends Unit 1 The Periodic Table: Periodic trends There are over one hundred different chemical elements. Some of these elements are familiar to you such as hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen and carbon. Each one has

More information

neutrons are present?

neutrons are present? AP Chem Summer Assignment Worksheet #1 Atomic Structure 1. a) For the ion 39 K +, state how many electrons, how many protons, and how many 19 neutrons are present? b) Which of these particles has the smallest

More information

ELECTRON CONFIGURATION (SHORT FORM) # of electrons in the subshell. valence electrons Valence electrons have the largest value for "n"!

ELECTRON CONFIGURATION (SHORT FORM) # of electrons in the subshell. valence electrons Valence electrons have the largest value for n! 179 ELECTRON CONFIGURATION (SHORT FORM) - We can represent the electron configuration without drawing a diagram or writing down pages of quantum numbers every time. We write the "electron configuration".

More information

Electrons in Atoms & Periodic Table Chapter 13 & 14 Assignment & Problem Set

Electrons in Atoms & Periodic Table Chapter 13 & 14 Assignment & Problem Set Electrons in Atoms & Periodic Table Name Warm-Ups (Show your work for credit) Date 1. Date 2. Date 3. Date 4. Date 5. Date 6. Date 7. Date 8. Electrons in Atoms & Periodic Table 2 Study Guide: Things You

More information

Review- The Periodic Table

Review- The Periodic Table Review- The Periodic Table Name Date Block Matching: Match the description in with the correct term in. Write the letter in the blank provided. Each term matches with only one description, so be sure to

More information

Elements and the Periodic Table

Elements and the Periodic Table Chapter 2 Elements and the Periodic Table Student Textbook page 37 1. Problem Copy the table below into your notebook. Fill in the missing information. Use a periodic table if you need help in identifying

More information

Dalton s s Atomic Theory

Dalton s s Atomic Theory Dalton s s Atomic Theory 1. Elements are made of tiny particles called atoms. 2. All atoms of a given element are identical (not exactly; isotopes) 3. The atoms of a given element are different from those

More information

PERIODIC TABLE OF GROUPS OF ELEMENTS Elements can be classified using two different schemes.

PERIODIC TABLE OF GROUPS OF ELEMENTS Elements can be classified using two different schemes. 1 PERIODIC TABLE OF GROUPS OF ELEMENTS Elements can be classified using two different schemes. Metal Nonmetal Scheme (based on physical properties) Metals - most elements are metals - elements on left

More information

CHAPTER 6: THE PERIODIC TABLE

CHAPTER 6: THE PERIODIC TABLE CHAPTER 6: THE PERIODIC TABLE Problems to try in the textbook. Answers in Appendix I: 5,9,13,15,17,19,21,25,27,29,31,33,35,41,43,45,47,49,55abcde,57,59,61,63,65,67,69,71,73,75,89,91 6.1 CLASSIFICATION

More information

The Advanced Placement Examination in Chemistry. Part I Multiple Choice Questions Part II Free Response Questions Selected Questions from1970 to 2010

The Advanced Placement Examination in Chemistry. Part I Multiple Choice Questions Part II Free Response Questions Selected Questions from1970 to 2010 The Advanced Placement Examination in Chemistry Part I Multiple Choice Questions Part II Free Response Questions Selected Questions from1970 to 2010 Atomic Theory and Periodicity Part I 1984 1. Which of

More information

Atomic Theory and Bonding

Atomic Theory and Bonding Atomic Theory and Bonding Textbook pages 168 183 Section 4.1 Summary Before You Read What do you already know about Bohr diagrams? Record your answer in the lines below. What are atoms? An atom is the

More information

Assignments in Science Class X (Term II) IMPORTANT NOTES ANIL TUTORIALS

Assignments in Science Class X (Term II) IMPORTANT NOTES ANIL TUTORIALS Assignments in Science Class X (Term II) Periodic Classification of Elements 1. Early chemists classified elements as metals and non-metals on the basis of a set of physical and chemical properties. 2.

More information

3.06 Periodic Table and Periodic Trends

3.06 Periodic Table and Periodic Trends 3.06 Periodic Table and Periodic Trends Dr. Fred Omega Garces Chemistry 100, Miramar College 1 3.06 Periodic Table and Periodic Trend The Periodic Table and the Elements What is the periodic table? What

More information

Name PRE-TEST. Directions: Circle the letter indicating whether the following statements are either true ("T") or false ("F").

Name PRE-TEST. Directions: Circle the letter indicating whether the following statements are either true (T) or false (F). 1 PRETEST Directions: Circle the letter indicating whether the following statements are either true ("T") or false ("F"). T F 1. Chemical elements with similar chemical properties are referred to as a

More information

EXPERIMENT 4: Electron Configuration of elements

EXPERIMENT 4: Electron Configuration of elements Material: laboratory display of the elements and a wall periodic table is required. Objective: To learn the use of periodic table for writing electron configuration of elements. INTRODUCTION Basic building

More information

5.4 Trends in the Periodic Table

5.4 Trends in the Periodic Table 5.4 Trends in the Periodic Table Think about all the things that change over time or in a predictable way. For example, the size of the computer has continually decreased over time. You may become more

More information

Unit 2 Periodic Behavior and Ionic Bonding

Unit 2 Periodic Behavior and Ionic Bonding Unit 2 Periodic Behavior and Ionic Bonding 6.1 Organizing the Elements I. The Periodic Law A. The physical and chemical properties of the elements are periodic functions of their atomic numbers B. Elements

More information

Chemical Reactions Packet 2 Bonding-REG.

Chemical Reactions Packet 2 Bonding-REG. Chemical Reactions Packet 2 Bonding-REG. Ms. Rabenda Name: Period: 1 Lewis Dot Diagram Notes Illustrates the number of valence electrons. Valence electrons = Placed around the symbol of the element Helps

More information

1. According to the modern model of the atom, the nucleus of an atom is surrounded by one or more

1. According to the modern model of the atom, the nucleus of an atom is surrounded by one or more 1. According to the modern model of the atom, the nucleus of an atom is surrounded by one or more 8. The diagram below represents the nucleus of an atom. A) electrons B) neutrons C) positrons D) protons

More information

All answers must use the correct number of significant figures, and must show units!

All answers must use the correct number of significant figures, and must show units! CHEM 10113, Quiz 2 September 7, 2011 Name (please print) All answers must use the correct number of significant figures, and must show units! IA Periodic Table of the Elements VIIIA (1) (18) 1 2 1 H IIA

More information

Atoms. Chemistry 100. Bettelheim, Brown, Campbell & Farrell. Introduction to General, Organic and Biochemistry Chapter 2

Atoms. Chemistry 100. Bettelheim, Brown, Campbell & Farrell. Introduction to General, Organic and Biochemistry Chapter 2 Chemistry 100 Bettelheim, Brown, Campbell & Farrell Ninth Edition Introduction to General, Organic and Biochemistry Chapter 2 Atoms Classifications of Matter: Elements An Element is a substance (for example,

More information

Chapter 8 Atomic Electronic Configurations and Periodicity

Chapter 8 Atomic Electronic Configurations and Periodicity Chapter 8 Electron Configurations Page 1 Chapter 8 Atomic Electronic Configurations and Periodicity 8-1. Substances that are weakly attracted to a magnetic field but lose their magnetism when removed from

More information

Chemistry CP Unit 2 Atomic Structure and Electron Configuration. Learning Targets (Your exam at the end of Unit 2 will assess the following:)

Chemistry CP Unit 2 Atomic Structure and Electron Configuration. Learning Targets (Your exam at the end of Unit 2 will assess the following:) Chemistry CP Unit 2 Atomic Structure and Electron Learning Targets (Your exam at the end of Unit 2 will assess the following:) 2. Atomic Structure and Electron 2-1. Give the one main contribution to the

More information

8/19/2011. Periodic Trends and Lewis Dot Structures. Review PERIODIC Table

8/19/2011. Periodic Trends and Lewis Dot Structures. Review PERIODIC Table Periodic Trends and Lewis Dot Structures Chapter 11 Review PERIODIC Table Recall, Mendeleev and Meyer organized the ordering the periodic table based on a combination of three components: 1. Atomic Number

More information

Which substance contains positive ions immersed in a sea of mobile electrons? A) O2(s) B) Cu(s) C) CuO(s) D) SiO2(s)

Which substance contains positive ions immersed in a sea of mobile electrons? A) O2(s) B) Cu(s) C) CuO(s) D) SiO2(s) BONDING MIDTERM REVIEW 7546-1 - Page 1 1) Which substance contains positive ions immersed in a sea of mobile electrons? A) O2(s) B) Cu(s) C) CuO(s) D) SiO2(s) 2) The bond between hydrogen and oxygen in

More information

2. What happens to the number of protons and electrons in atoms across a period on the periodic table?

2. What happens to the number of protons and electrons in atoms across a period on the periodic table? Name Period Date Honors Chemistry - Periodic Trends Check Your Understanding Answer the following, formulating responses in your own words. (This helps you better understand the concepts) 1. Define shielding

More information

3.01 Elements, Symbols and Periodic Table

3.01 Elements, Symbols and Periodic Table .0 Elements, Symbols and Periodic Table Dr. Fred O. Garces Chemistry 00 Miramar College.0 Elements, symbols and the Periodic Table January 0 The Elements: Building block of Matter The periodic table of

More information

6.5 Periodic Variations in Element Properties

6.5 Periodic Variations in Element Properties 324 Chapter 6 Electronic Structure and Periodic Properties of Elements 6.5 Periodic Variations in Element Properties By the end of this section, you will be able to: Describe and explain the observed trends

More information

A. Wanted to organize elements according to their. B. When elements were arranged in order of increasing atomic mass*, similarities in

A. Wanted to organize elements according to their. B. When elements were arranged in order of increasing atomic mass*, similarities in Chemistry Unit 5- Periodic Table and Periodic Law Name: History of the Periodic Table I. Mendeleev and Chemical Periodicity A. Wanted to organize elements according to their B. When elements were arranged

More information

Chapter Two Periodic Table

Chapter Two Periodic Table Question (1) Chapter Two Periodic Table Choose the correct answer for each statement of the following:- 1- The elements of same vertical group are identical in the number of----------- a valence electrons

More information

In the box below, draw the Lewis electron-dot structure for the compound formed from magnesium and oxygen. [Include any charges or partial charges.

In the box below, draw the Lewis electron-dot structure for the compound formed from magnesium and oxygen. [Include any charges or partial charges. Name: 1) Which molecule is nonpolar and has a symmetrical shape? A) NH3 B) H2O C) HCl D) CH4 7222-1 - Page 1 2) When ammonium chloride crystals are dissolved in water, the temperature of the water decreases.

More information

1. Structure and Properties of the Atom

1. Structure and Properties of the Atom SACE Stage 1 Chemistry - The Essentials 1. Structure and Properties of the Atom 1.1 Atoms: A simple definition of the atom is that it is the smallest particle that contains the properties of that element.

More information

Chemistry: The Periodic Table and Periodicity

Chemistry: The Periodic Table and Periodicity Chemistry: The Periodic Table and Periodicity Name: Hour: Date: Directions: Answer each of the following questions. You need not use complete sentences. 1. Who first published the classification of the

More information

Periodicity. The Periodic Table. Dmitri Mendeleev. and the Periodic Table. Periods. Metals vs. Non-Metals. Groups

Periodicity. The Periodic Table. Dmitri Mendeleev. and the Periodic Table. Periods. Metals vs. Non-Metals. Groups Periodicity and the Periodic Table the result Dmitri Mendeleev arranged elements in order of their atomic numbers, such that elements with similar properties fell into the same column or group. The Periodic

More information

An Organized Table Worksheet Due The Periodic Table of Elements. The Periodic Law

An Organized Table Worksheet Due The Periodic Table of Elements. The Periodic Law Name: Date: Period: An Organized Table Worksheet Due The Periodic Table of Elements In 1871, the first periodic table was developed by Dmitrii Mendeleev. Mendeleev is known as the father of the current

More information

Periodic Table & Periodic Law

Periodic Table & Periodic Law Periodic Table & Periodic Law Organizing the Elements A few elements, such as gold and copper, have been known for thousands of years - since ancient times Yet, only about 13 had been identified by the

More information