# Third Grade Light and Optics Assessment

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1 Third Grade Light and Optics Assessment 1a. Light travels at an amazingly high speed. How fast does it travel? a. 186,000 miles per second b. 186,000 miles per hour 1b. Light travels at an amazingly high speed. How fast does it travel? 1c. Describe the speed of light. 2a. How does light travel? a. around corners b. in straight lines 2b. Light travels in. When it hits an object, a forms on the other side of the object where the light has been blocked. a. sections; shadow b. straight lines; gap c. straight lines; shadow d. sections; gap 2c. Explain what happens when light hits an object like a wall. 3a. Light is allowed to pass right through objects, while NO light is allowed to pass through objects. a. transparent; opaque b. opaque; transparent 3b. Light is allowed to pass right through objects, while NO light is allowed to pass through objects. 3c. Explain what happens when light hits a clear window and a wooden door. Third Grade, Light and Optics Colorado Core Knowledge Assessments 1

2 4a. For the following list of objects, mark T if an object is transparent (allowing light to pass through) and mark O if an object is opaque (allowing NO light to pass through): clear window book piece of wood glass of water desk piece of aluminum foil 4b. For the following list of objects, mark T if an object is transparent and mark O if an object is opaque: clear window book piece of wood glass of water desk piece of aluminum foil 4c. Define transparent and opaque and give three examples of each. 5a. A bouncing of light off a surface is called. a. refraction b. reflection 5b. A bouncing of light off a surface is called. 5c. Explain what happens when light hits a book. 6a. When light rays hit a mirror, the light off the mirror and reflects back the image standing in front of it. a. bends b. bounces 6b. When light rays hit a mirror, the light off the mirror and reflects back the image standing in front of the mirror. a. bends b. bounces c. skims d. waxes 6c. Explain what happens when you see yourself in a mirror. Third Grade, Light and Optics Colorado Core Knowledge Assessments 2

3 7a. A plane mirror is, while both a concave mirror and a convex mirror are. a. flat; curved b. curved; flat 7b. Name three types of mirrors: c. Describe how a plane mirror differs from a convex or a concave mirror. 8a. Mirrors are used for reflection in instruments such as and. a. stethoscopes; thermometers b. telescopes; microscopes 8b. Mirrors are used for reflection in instruments such as and. a. stethoscopes; thermometers b. telescopes; stethoscopes c. stethoscopes; microscopes d. telescopes; microscopes 8c. Name two instruments in which mirrors are used for reflection. 9a. A glass triangle that separates light into a band of colors is called a. a. prism b. spectrum 9b. A glass triangle that separates light into a band of colors is called a. 9c. Explain what happens to light when it travels through a prism. 10a. A is the name given to the band of colors made when light passes through a prism. a. rainbow b. spectrum Third Grade, Light and Optics Colorado Core Knowledge Assessments 3

4 10b. A is the name given to the band of colors made when light passes through a prism. 10c. Explain what a spectrum is and how it is created. 11a. Use the following terms to label the drawing at points A, B, and C: white light, spectrum, prism. Use correct spelling. A C B 11b. Label the following drawing of the colors of light at points A, B, and C: A C B Third Grade, Light and Optics Colorado Core Knowledge Assessments 4

5 11c. Draw, color, and label a picture of the colors of light. Include the following terms: prism, spectrum, white light 12a. When light travels through a lens it. a. breaks up b. bends 12b. When light travels through a lens it. 12c. Explain how light is affected when it travels through a lens. 13a. Lenses change the way things look. Images look smaller than they really are through a lens. Images are magnified, or look larger, through a lens. a. convex; concave b. concave; convex 13b. Lenses change the way things look. Images look smaller than they really are through a lens. Images are magnified, or look larger, through a lens. 13c. Label the following lenses. Explain what happens through each lens. Third Grade, Light and Optics Colorado Core Knowledge Assessments 5

6 14a. Check the instruments below in which lenses play an important part: magnifying glass camera stethoscope telescope binoculars microscope 14b. List three instruments (not musical) in which lenses play an important part c. From the following list choose one instrument and explain what happens through the lens in the instrument: magnifying glass, camera, microscope, telescope, binoculars The following Colorado Model Content Standards are covered in this assessment by the questions indicated: Questions 2a, 2b, 2c, 3a, 3b, 3c, 4a, 4b, 4c, 5a, 5b, 5c, 6a, 6b, 6c, 9a, 9b, 9c, 10a, 10b, 10c, 12a, 12b, 12c, 13a, 13b, 13c: Standard K-4.1.a asking questions and stating predictions (hypotheses) that can be addressed through scientific investigation Questions 2a, 2b, 2c, 3a, 3b, 3c, 4a, 4b, 4c, 5a, 5b, 5c, 6a, 6b, 6c, 9a, 9b, 9c, 10a, 10b, 10c, 12a, 12b, 12c, 13a, 13b, 13c: Standard K-4.1.b selecting and using simple devices to gather data related to an investigation (for example, length, volume, and mass measuring instruments, thermometers, watches, magnifiers, microscopes, calculators, and computers) Questions 2a, 2b, 2c, 3a, 3b, 3c, 4a, 4b, 4c, 5a, 5b, 5c, 6a, 6b, 6c, 9a, 9b, 9c, 10a, 10b, 10c, 12a, 12b, 12c, 13a, 13b, 13c: Standard K-4.1.c using data based on observations to construct a reasonable explanation Questions 2a, 2b, 2c, 3a, 3b, 3c, 4a, 4b, 4c, 5a, 5b, 5c, 6a, 6b, 6c, 9a, 9b, 9c, 10a, 10b, 10c, 12a, 12b, 12c, 13a, 13b, 13c: Standard K-4.1.d communicating about investigations and explanations Questions 3a, 3b, 3c, 4a, 4b, 4c, 6a, 6b, 6c, 7a, 7b, 7c, 9a, 9b, 9c, 10a, 10b, 10c, 12a, 12b, 12c, 13a, 13b, 13c: Standard K a examining, describing, classifying, and comparing tangible objects in terms of common physical properties (fir example, state of matter, size, shape, texture, flexibility, color) Questions 1a, 1b, 1c, 2a, 2b, 2c, 3a, 3b, 3c, 4a, 4b, 4c, 5a, 5b, 5c, 6a, 6b, 6c, 8a, 8b, 8c: Third Grade, Light and Optics Colorado Core Knowledge Assessments 6

7 Standard K a recognizing that energy (for example, light, heat, motion, sound, mechanical) can affect common objects and is involved in common events Questions 13a, 13b, 13c: Standard K b making observations and gathering data on quantities associated with energy, movement, and change (for example, distances for a beanlauncher, time for a melting ice cube) Questions 8a, 8b, 8c, 11a, 11b, 11c, 13a, 13b, 13c, 14a, 14b, 14c: Standard K c Comparing quantities associated with energy movement and change by constructing simple diagrams or charts (for example, graph of launch distances, chart of melting time) Questions 2a, 2b, 2c, 3a, 3b, 3c, 4a, 4b, 4c, 5a, 5b, 5c, 6a, 6b, 6c, 7a, 7b, 7c, 9a, 9b, 9c, 10a, 10b, 10c, 12a, 12b, 12c, 13a, 13b, 13c: Standard K a observing and describing parts of system (for example, water in a closed jar, water in an open jar, a plant terrarium) Third Grade, Light and Optics Colorado Core Knowledge Assessments 7

9 7a. a. flat; curved 7b. In any order: plane, convex, concave 7c. plane mirror-flat convex and concave mirrors-curved 8a. b. telescopes; microscopes 8b. d. telescopes; microscopes 8c. In any order: microscopes, telescopes 9a. a. prism 9b. prism 9c. Acceptable answers could include: -the prism separates the light into bands of color -Roy G. Biv is the acronym for the order of colors in the band: red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, violet 10a. b. spectrum 10b. spectrum 10c. Acceptable answers could include: -spectrum-the band of colors made when light passes through a prism 11a. A: White light C: Spectrum B: Prism 11b. See 11a 11c. See 11a 12a. b. bends 12b. bends 12c. Acceptable answers could include: -light bends 13a. b. concave; convex 13b. concave; convex Third Grade, Light and Optics Colorado Core Knowledge Assessments 9

10 13c. Convex Lens Concave Lens Acceptable answers could include: -concave-lens through which images look smaller than they really are -convex-lens through which images look larger than they really are 14a. The only one NOT checked is stethoscope 14b. Any three of the following is acceptable: magnifying glass, camera, microscope, telescope, binoculars 14c. Acceptable answers could include: -magnifying glasses and microscopes make things look larger -telescopes, binoculars, and cameras make things look smaller Third Grade, Light and Optics Colorado Core Knowledge Assessments 10

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