1 Water Cycle T ABLE OF CONTENTS ABOUT DELTA SCIENCE MODULES Program Introduction iii Teacher s Guide iv Delta Science Readers vi Equipment and Materials Kit vii Scope and Sequence viii Assessment Features ix Process Skills x Communicating About Science xi Integrating the Curriculum xii Meeting the Standards xiii What We Believe xiv WATER CYCLE OVERVIEW About Water Cycle Overview Charts Hands-on Activities Delta Science Reader Science Background Materials List HANDS-ON ACTIVITIES Activity Summary Schedule Preparing for the Activities Classroom Management Advance Preparation Materials Management Activities 1. Where Is Water? Water in Soil Water in Plants Evaporating Water Puddle Watching More Water into the Air How Much Water? Condensing Water A Model Cloud Making a Rainbow A Terrarium Evaporation and Condensation The Water Cycle Assessment Activities Glossary DELTA SCIENCE READER Overview Before Reading Guide the Reading After Reading TEACHER RESOURCES Unit Test: Teacher Information References and Resources Science Safety Standards Correlations COPYMASTERS Student Activity Sheets Assessment Activity Sheets Assessment Summary Chart School-Home Connection Unit Test i
2 About Water Cycle DeltaScienceModules, THIRD EDITION Students build a comprehensive, pictorial chart that shows the continuous movement of water between Earth and the atmosphere known as the water cycle. Each addition to the chart is based on inquiry and investigation, as students explore evaporation, condensation, and precipitation. They create rainbows, measure humidity, and model clouds. In classroom terrariums, students observe that soil, plants, and a mini-pond are the sources of water vapor. Teams even assemble closed water chambers in which rain falls and rivers flow. In the Delta Science Reader Water Cycle, students read about why Earth is called the water planet. They find out about salt water and fresh water and where each kind of water is found. They observe how water changes form by freezing, melting, evaporating, and condensing. They trace the water cycle and find out how heat energy from the sun is related to the water cycle. They learn how Earth s weather is affected by the water cycle. They also read about Luke Howard, the scientist who first classified clouds. Finally, students investigate water as a natural resource. Water Cycle 1
3 Overview Chart for Hands-on Activities 1 Hands-on Activity Where Is Water? page 13 2 Water in Soil page 23 3 Water in Plants page 31 4 Evaporating Water page Puddle Watching page 45 More Water into the Air page 53 How Much Water? page 61 8 Condensing Water page 69 AModel Cloud page Making a Rainbow page ATerrarium page 91 Evaporation and Condensation page 99 The Water Cycle page 107 Assessment page 115 Student Objectives make a list of bodies of water on Earth freeze water and observe that ice floats on water map some locations of water and ice on Earth begin a chart to illustrate the water cycle operationally define the term absorb investigate the ability of soil to hold water infer that water is also stored in soil on Earth add the presence of water in soil to the Water Cycle chart observe that pieces of fruits and vegetables dry out when exposed to air infer that living things contain water speculate as to where the water from the plants goes when they dry out add the presence of water in plants to the Water Cycle chart observe changes in water level due to evaporation infer where water goes when it evaporates determine the effect of temperature on evaporation rate predict what happens to the water in a puddle over the course of a day design and carry out an experiment to measure the evaporation of water from a puddle add evaporation of water from bodies of water to the Water Cycle chart observe that plants and soil give off water infer that water loss occurs through the leaves of plants add evaporation of water from soil and transpiration to the Water Cycle chart observe the reaction of cobalt paper to moisture use cobalt paper to compare the level of humidity in various locations use cobalt paper to compare the change in air humidity over time observe moisture collecting on cold tumblers infer that water that forms during condensation comes from the air describe the conditions under which condensation occurs add condensation on plants to the Water Cycle chart make a model cloud describe how clouds are created list places where clouds form add a cloud to the Water Cycle chart create a model rainbow using sunlight and a spray mister infer that a rainbow occurs naturally when light passes through water droplets in the sky build a terrarium observe the stages of the water cycle in the terrarium compare the water cycle in the terrarium to the water cycle in nature discuss the importance of preserving and conserving water design an experiment to model evaporation and condensation observe evaporation and condensation in a closed system compare their water cycle chamber to the natural environment add precipitation to the Water Cycle chart predict what happens to precipitation after it falls model the process by which water and melting snow flow into lakes and oceans diagram the movement of water in a water cycle chamber compare their simulated water cycle with the water cycle in the environment See page delta science modules
4 Water Cycle Process Skills communicate, experiment, make and use models Vocabulary Delta Science Reader freeze, glacier, melt pages 2, 3, 4 define based on observations, infer, make and use models absorb page 5 observe, infer, make and use models page 6 observe, infer, measure evaporation, water vapor pages 7, 8 9 predict, experiment, make and use models pages 7, 8 9 observe, infer, make and use models observe, compare, measure transpiration pages 6, 7 humid, humidity page 7 observe, infer, communicate, make and use models condensation, dew pages 8 9, make and use models, communicate, define based on observations make and use models, infer cloud, model pages 7, 10 11, 12, 13 rainbow pages 7, 12 observe, compare, communicate polluted, terrarium pages 10 11, experiment, observe, compare, make and use models precipitation, water cycle pages 8 9, 10 11, 12 predict; collect, record, display, or interpret data; compare pages 4, 10 11, 12 See the following page for the Delta Science Reader Overview Chart. Water Cycle 3
5 Overview Chart for Delta Science Reader Water Cycle Selections Think About... Why Is Earth Called the Water Planet? page 2 Salt Water page 3 Fresh Water on Earth s Surface page 4 Fresh Water in the Ground page 5 Fresh Water in Plants page 6 Fresh Water in the Atmosphere page 7 How Water Changes Form page 8 What Is the Water Cycle? page 10 Earth s Weather page 12 Vocabulary estuary, lake, ocean, river glacier, iceberg, ice cap, surface water absorb, groundwater, porous, water table photosynthesis, transpiration atmosphere, cloud, humidity, water vapor condensation, evaporation, freeze, melt precipitation, runoff, water cycle weather Related Activity Activity 1 Activity 1 Activities 1, 13 Activity 2 Activities 3, 6 Activities 4, 5, 6, 7, 9 Activities 4, 5, 8, 12 Activities 4, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13 Activities 9, 10, 12, 13 People in Science Luke Howard page 13 Activity 9 Did You Know? Water Is a Resource page 14 desalination, irrigation, resource, water conservation, water treatment plant optional: nonrenewable resource, renewable resource Activity 11 See pages for teaching suggestions for the Delta Science Reader. 4 delta science modules
6 MATERIALS LIST Quantity Description Quantity Description Water Cycle bags, plastic, with ties, p/ baster batteries, C-cell* bottles, spray, p/ chalk, p/12* clay, modeling, 0.25 lb* cobalt paper, p/3* containers, plastic, 1-pt containers, plastic, round cups, paper, 6-oz* cups, paper, 8-oz* cups, plastic, 1-oz dots, blue, large, p/28* dots, blue, medium, p/200* dots, blue, small, p/96* flashlight food coloring, red, 1 oz* glue, 4 oz* lids, for tumblers light bulbs light sources matches, wooden* paper, construction, black, paper, construction, blue, paper, construction, brown, paper, construction, green, paper, construction, white, paper, construction, yellow, pictures, Water Cycle seeds, alfalfa* seeds, clover* soil, potting* sponge, 5 cm 6.5 cm sponge cubes spoon, plastic tape, masking* thermometers tumblers, graduated tumblers, plain Teacher s Guide Delta Science Readers TEACHER-PROVIDED ITEMS bag, plastic, large books, plastic-covered chart paper* crayons or markers fruits and vegetables* globe, or map of the world ice, crushed* ice, cubes* ice cube tray knife, sharp markers, felt-tip newspaper* paper towels* paper, white* pencils pictures of terrariums (optional) pitchers plant, potted rocks, small scale (optional) scissors water, tap* * = consumable item = in separate box To order consumable items or refill kits, please call Water Cycle 7
7 ACTIVITY SUMMARY In this Delta Science Module, students are introduced to the abundance of water on Earth and the processes by which water, in its various states, constantly moves between Earth and its atmosphere. ACTIVITY 1 Students investigate water in its liquid and solid forms and observe that ice floats on water. They identify major locations of water and ice on Earth and color them in on a world map. The class also begins a chart that will eventually illustrate the major components of the water cycle. ACTIVITY 2 Students investigate the ability of soil to hold water. They observe what happens when soil dries out and infer that water is stored in soil. The students add the presence of water in soil to the Water Cycle chart begun in Activity 1. ACTIVITY 3 Students observe that pieces of fruits and vegetables dry out when exposed to air. They infer that plants contain water and speculate what happens to the water when plants dry out. The students add the presence of water in plants to the Water Cycle chart. ACTIVITY 4 Students observe evaporation by noting a change in the water level in an open tumbler. They compare evaporation at two different temperatures and conclude that heat speeds up evaporation. ACTIVITY 5 Students predict what will happen to the water in a puddle on a sunny day and then design and carry out an experiment to check their predictions. Students infer that evaporation occurs from all bodies of water and add evaporation from bodies of water to the Water Cycle chart. ACTIVITY 6 Through separate experiments, students observe that plants and soil give off water vapor. They infer that water evaporates from the soil and that water loss occurs through the leaves of plants. The class adds evaporation of water from soil and plants to the Water Cycle chart. ACTIVITY 7 Students are introduced to the concept of humidity. They use cobalt paper to determine whether the air is dry or humid and to track the humidity over a period of days. ACTIVITY 8 Students observe condensation of water vapor on the outside of cold tumblers and on warm tumblers filled with ice water. They infer that water condenses from water vapor in the air and describe the conditions under which condensation occurs. They add the formation of dew to the Water Cycle chart. ACTIVITY 9 Students continue to explore condensation. They make a model cloud and add a cloud to the Water Cycle chart. ACTIVITY 10 Students create and observe a rainbow. They discuss the conditions under which a rainbow can occur. ACTIVITY 11 Students set up a terrarium. While observing the water cycle in the terrarium over time, they continue with Activities 12 and 13. ACTIVITY 12 Students set up a closed chamber in which to observe the cycling of water through evaporation and condensation. They compare what happens in the water cycle chamber to the natural environment and add precipitation to the Water Cycle chart. ACTIVITY 13 Students make water cycle chambers again, but this time they add mountains and riverbeds in order to observe the flow of precipitation into bodies of water. Then, students return to Activity 11. They compare the water cycle in the terrarium to the water cycle in nature and complete the Water Cycle chart. Water Cycle 9
Weather Forecasting T ABLE OF CONTENTS ABOUT DELTA SCIENCE MODULES Program Introduction................... iii Teacher s Guide..................... iv Delta Science Readers................ vi Equipment
T ABLE OF CONTENTS ABOUT DELTA SCIENCE MODULES Program Introduction................... iii Teacher s Guide..................... iv Delta Science Readers............... vi Equipment and Materials Kit.........
Observing an Aquarium T ABLE OF CONTENTS ABOUT DELTA SCIENCE MODULES Program Introduction................... iii Teacher s Guide..................... iv Delta Science Readers............... vi Equipment
Miami-Dade County Public Schools Curriculum and Instruction (Science) Required GRADE 5 ESSENTIAL SCIENCE Laboratory Activities QUARTER 2 LABORATORIES LAB # 8: AROUND AND AROUND IT GOES! Grade 5 Essential
reflect Have you ever jumped in a puddle or played in the rain? If so, you know you can get very wet. What you may not know is that a dinosaur could have walked through that same water millions of years
reflect Think of the last time it rained in your city. When the rain stopped, you probably saw puddles on the ground. After a few hours, though, the ground was dry again. Where did all that rainwater go?
Grade 4 Standard 1 Unit Test Water Cycle Multiple Choice 1. Where is most water found on Earth? A. in glaciers B. in lakes C. in rivers D. in oceans 2. What source of energy evaporates the most water from
The Water Cycle Now You See It, Now You Don t Unit: Salinity Patterns & the Water Cycle l Grade Level: Elementary l Time Required: Introduction - 30 min. - Activity as groups 45min Wrap Up 20 min l Content
Dinosaurs and Fossils T ABLE OF CONTENTS ABOUT DELTA SCIENCE MODULES Program Introduction................... iii Teacher s Guide..................... iv Delta Science Readers............... vi Equipment
THE PLANT KINGDOM: THE WATER CYCLE Material: The Water Cycle Nomenclature The Water cycle Model Water Ice Heat Source (lamp with a clamp) Tables Presentation 1: Key Experience 1. Say, Today we are going
Humidity Activity Background Water is the common name for a chemical that has two atoms of hydrogen (H) for each atom of oxygen (O). The chemical formula for water, then, is H 2 O. Water has some special
The Water Cycle I can build a model to simulate parts of the water cycle. I will be able to recognize and explain the essential elements of the water cycle. Background Water, in its different forms, cycles
One Stop Shop For Educators The following instructional plan is part of a GaDOE collection of Unit Frameworks, Performance Tasks, examples of Student Work, and Teacher Commentary. Many more GaDOE approved
The Water Cycle and the Influence of Global Warming Almost three-fourths of Earth s surface is covered by water. Over 96% of this water is in the oceans. The polar ice caps and glaciers hold another 2%
TEST NAME: Matter TEST ID: 49717 GRADE:05 SUBJECT:Life and Physical Sciences TEST CATEGORY: My Classroom Matter Page 1 of 30 Student: Class: Date: 1. What is the MAJOR role of the Sun in the water cycle?
Participants observe how water is continuously cycled between land, water formations and the atmosphere Grade Level: 2-8 Time: Two hours plus observation time on several days following Learning Objectives:
The Water Cycle 1/2/3. Finding out about the Water Cycle Aims: To enable pupils to learn and understand what happens at each stage of the Water Cycle To introduce specific vocabulary related to the Water
JetStream An Online School for Weather Aquifers Aquifers Aquifers 1 3 5 Aquifers Aquifers Aquifers 2 4 6 /atmos/ll_whatacycle_aquifers.pdf There are over 35 lesson plans in the National Weather Service
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Scientist Guide Let s Talk About the Weather Introduction Agriculture is highly dependent on the weather. Ever since the first seed was sown, farmers have been watching the sky and hoping for good weather.
LESSON 1: WHAT WE KNOW ABOUT WATER Estimated Time for Lesson 1 hour, 45 minutes State Standards Standards Taught S6C3PO1: Identify the sources of water within an environment (i.e., groundwater, surface
2ES Earth s Land and Water Advance Preparation Notes Activity # Advance Preparation Teacher Provided Materials Before Check website for changes www.bcamsc.org Read teacher background and information found
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TABLE OF CONTENTS ABOUT DELTA SCIENCE MODULES Program Introduction................... iii Teacher s Guide..................... iv Delta Science Readers............... vi Equipment and Materials Kit.........
This PowerPoint file contains information about the water cycle. The first slide shows a picture that includes all processes in the water cycle. Subsequent slides discuss each process individually. The
Aim / Learning Objective: Looking at the world through science, students can learn about the marine elements of our natural environment and the importance of the water cycle. Students can look at and compare
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Lesson 5 Introduction Water We Talking About? Learning Outcomes & Assessment Time Resources Activities Handouts Video every dr p counts 71 Lesson 5c: Water Actions: Evaporation, Condensation and Precipitation
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activity 14 Transferring Solar Energy BROWARD COUNTY ELEMENTARY SCIENCE BENCHMARK PLAN Grade 4 Quarter 2 Activity 14 SC.B.1.2.2 The student recognizes various forms of energy (e.g., heat, light, and electricity).
KEY CONCEPT Most clouds form as air rises and cools. BEFORE, you learned Water vapor circulates from Earth to the atmosphere Warm air is less dense than cool air and tends to rise NOW, you will learn How
Evaporation Unit Written By: Emily Ericson Jennifer Throndsen Science Methods EDUC 342 Spring 2003 Jennifer Throndsen Emily Ericson Spring 2003 Introduction to Evaporation Abstract: During the introductory
activity 7 How Much Water? OBJECTIVES Students use cobalt paper to compare the amount of water vapor in the air in different locations and over a period of time. The students observe the reaction of cobalt
Grade 7 Science Calamity Day #8 Water Cycle Webquest In early 2014, NASA will launch an important satellite that will enable us to learn more about our home planet. The Global Precipitation Measurement
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44 WATER WONDERS Overview The water cycle is the system by which Earth s fixed amount of water is collected, purified, and distributed from the environment to living things and back to the environment.
Guide Teaching Text Features with Wet Weather Handbook from Seeds of Science/Roots of Reading Book Summary Introduction Wet Weather Handbook is a reference book about eight different kinds of wet weather:
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Answers The Water Cycle Year 7 Science Chapter 7 p153 1 Change of state from liquid to vapour happens over the water as liquid water evaporates into water vapour in the atmosphere. 2 The sun is the source
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Name Teacher: Mr. D. Strina Teacher: Mr. Dan Strina McCaig Elementary School 1 2 3 WATER Water Cycle Stages Answer Sheet A ocean (salt water) B evaporation C energy from the sun D condensation E precipitation
Making a Terrarium What is a Terrarium? A terrarium is a collection of small plants growing in a transparent, sealed container. A terrarium is a closed environment, and can actually be used to illustrate
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Climate and Climate Change Name Date Class Climate and Climate Change Guided Reading and Study What Causes Climate? This section describes factors that determine climate, or the average weather conditions
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TABLE OF CONTENTS ABOUT DELTA SCIENCE MODULES Program Introduction................... iii Teacher s Guide..................... iv Delta Science Readers............... vi Equipment and Materials Kit.........
Water Recycles poster The "Water ReCycles" poster is designed for students of all ages. It shows the natural water cycle and humans influence on water resources. Raincloud illustration The raincloud in
4THE UNIVERSITY OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK SPRING 2008 GRADE 4 ELEMENTARY-LEVEL SCIENCE TEST WRITTEN TEST Student Name School Name Print your name and the name of your school on the lines above. The test
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The Sun, Water Cycle, and Climate From the series Water Smart Written and Produced by Alan Sealls, B.S., M.S. Distributed by... 800.323.9084 FAX 847.328.6706 www.unitedlearning.com This video is the exclusive
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Earth Science: Sphere Interactions Objective: Understanding connections between spheres of the Earth as a Global system Standards: 5a, 5b, 5c, and 5f Earth Apollo 17 astronauts captured a snapshot of the
A Science Notebook Set Up Packet for Primary Grades By Nancy VandenBerge Firstgradewow.blogspot.com Graphics By Thistle Girl, scrappindoodles This little unit is intended to be an aid in setting up a science
UNIT 6a TEST REVIEW 1. A weather instrument is shown below. Which weather variable is measured by this instrument? 1) wind speed 3) cloud cover 2) precipitation 4) air pressure 2. Which weather station
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Soak Up the Sun How do organisms get energy and matter? Energy is the ability to do work. Matter is anything that has mass and takes up space. All organisms need energy and matter to live, grow, and reproduce.
Question 1 Use the diagram and information below to answer question #. A teacher places a ribbon of magnesium on a wire and suspends it in a flask. She then seals the flask and runs electricity through
Multiple Choice Directions: Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Why does precipitation occur more often near the equator than near the poles? A. Colder air
Standards Alignment... 5 Safe Science... 9 Scienti c Inquiry...11 Assembling Rubber Band Books... 15 Earth in Space and Time Generating Galaxies... 17 Stars in the Milky Way Galaxy...27 Lining Up the Planets...
Water Cycle Objectives: Students should be able to show how a water molecule moves through the water cycle through the creation of a diagram. Pre-Assessment: Using the pre-assessment on page 6 have the
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