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1 FIFTH GRADE WORKBOOK students Math/Science Nucleus 1990,2001

2 APPLIED SCIENCE - SCIENCE AND MATH (5A) PROBLEM: Can you learn how to estimate? PREDICTION: MATERIALS: 3 containers filled with items given to you by your instructor PROCEDURE: For each container: (1) estimate the number of items that are in the container and record, and (2) count the actual number of items it took to fill the container and record. Complete one container at a time. Record the results below. ITEM 1 23 ESTIMATION ACTUAL NUMBER Plot the above data as a bar graph on the chart below as accurately as possible. The difference between the actual number and the number estimated is the margin of error (how far off the estimation was). Color the margin of error a separate color. Make the x axis estimation/actual number, and y axis the number of items. CONCLUSIONS: Summarize your findings. Discuss your margin of error for each container. Were you close? Math/Science Nucleus 1990,2001 2

3 APPLIED SCIENCE - SCIENCE AND MATH (5A) POST CALIFORNIA'S POPULATION, Connect the dots to make a LINE GRAPH. 2. From 1900 to the year 2000, has California's population increased or decreased? 3. During the year 1970, what was California's population? 4. Assuming the extrapolation the data from 1990 to 2000 is accurate, from 1960 to the year 2000, will California's population double or triple? 5. What will be the population in California in the year 2040, if its population growth continues at the rate shown in the graph above? How did you figure out the answer? Math/Science Nucleus 1990,2001 3

4 APPLIED SCIENCE - SCIENCE AND MATH (5B) PRE MEASUREMENT OF YOUR BODY Use a ruler or tape measure and record your measurement in centimeters. cm hand span right foot left foot right ear smile width between eyes right arm left arm arm span head size (girth) height wrist Measure other parts you might want to know. Math/Science Nucleus 1990,2001 4

5 APPLIED SCIENCE - SCIENCE AND MATH (5B) Math/Science Nucleus 1990,2001 5

6 APPLIED SCIENCE - SCIENCE AND MATH (5B) ASTIGMATISM Math/Science Nucleus 1990,2001 6

7 APPLIED SCIENCE - SCIENCE AND MATH (5B) PROBLEM: How many students in the class have better than 20/20 (6/6) eyesight? PREDICTION: MATERIALS: Snellen eye chart, astigmatism chart Measure 20 feet (6 meters) away from the eye chart. Have your partner stand on that line. Point to several of the lines on the chart and record which lines they can see and which ones they cannot. Tabulate what eyesight you think the student has. Have your instructor check your conclusion. Use your partner's lab sheet to record the information. Partner who is recording EYE LINES THAT CAN BE READ LINES THAT CANNOT BE READ left right both Figure out your eyesight for "both" eyes. Look at the astigmatism chart. Describe what you see. Do you have astigmatism? After the class is finished with testing, the teacher should find out the following by a hand count. Record the class results. GIRLS BOYS less than 20/20 20/20 more than 20/20 CONCLUSION: Math/Science Nucleus 1990,2001 7

8 APPLIED SCIENCE - SCIENCE AND MATH (5B) 1. Below are pictures of the eye. Label each part of the eye from information derived from your research. Write down the websites or books that helped you discover more about diseases of the eye. Math/Science Nucleus 1990,2001 8

9 APPLIED SCIENCE - SCIENCE AND MATH (5C) PRE SOMETHING INTERESTING ABOUT SOUND Sound is everywhere. We know when someone opens the door or when you are on the beach. The sounds are different. Can you explain sound. Use any book, encyclopedia or ask a knowledgeable person. Math/Science Nucleus 1990,2001 9

10 APPLIED SCIENCE - SCIENCE AND MATH (5C) PROBLEM: How can you determine if sound is a physical wave? PREDICTION: PROCEDURE: MATERIALS: 6 jars (same size); water, stick, tuning forks EXERCISE I. Stretch a rubber band to different lengths and describe what happens to the pitch of the sound EXERCISE II. Hit the tines of the tuning fork on a hard surface and touch the tines to the items listed below. Record what happens and see if you can hear the tuning fork. nose hand nail paper pencil pen ITEM WHAT HAPPENS CAN YOU HEAR surface of water other: EXERCISE III. Using 6 jars, fill each with the appropriate amount of fluid in the chart below. Record the type of sound produced when you tap it with a drumming stick. Describe the quality of the pitch. JAR CONTENTS DESCRIPTION OF SOUND A. empty B. 1/4 full C. 1/3 full D. 1/2 full E. 2/3 full F. 3/4 full CONCLUSIONS: Do the above experiments illustrate that sound is a physical wave? What else did you learn? Math/Science Nucleus 1990,

11 APPLIED SCIENCE - SCIENCE AND MATH (5C) Math/Science Nucleus 1990,

12 APPLIED SCIENCE - PHYSICS (5A) PROBLEM: How can you distinguish between diffraction, reflection, and refraction of waves? PREDICTION: PROCEDURE: Go to the different stations and determine if the wave is physical or electromagnetic. Perform the activity and determine whether you are showing diffraction, reflection or refraction. Remember LASER SAFETY. PHYSICAL OR ELECTROMAGNETIC DESCRIBE MOTION STATION 1. Pencil in glass of water STATION 2. Use laserslits in aluminum foil 0, 2 and 5 mm apart STATION 3. Tuning fork in pie tin half full of water STATION 4. Spoon hitting surface of water STATION 5. Slinky motion (push pull) STATION 6. Rope oscillating STATION 7. Flashlight through prism STATION 8. Mirror STATION 9. Flashlight through convex lens STATION 10. Turbo yo-yo CONCLUSIONS: How did you detect the different type of wave motion? Math/Science Nucleus 1990,

13 APPLIED SCIENCE - PHYSICS (5A) ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES The illustrations below demonstrate most electromagnetic waves that we know. Frequency of a wave is the number of vibrations in a given time (measured in Hertz). The higher the frequency the smaller the wavelength, the lower the frequency the larger the wavelength. 1. Which wave has the highest frequency? 2. Which wave has the lowest frequency? 3. Which wave can we see? Circle and label this light on the diagram. 4. Which wave can we hear? Why isn't this wave on the chart? 5. Which wave can take a picture of your bones? 6. What uses microwaves? 7. Where do television waves come from? 8. Where do radio waves come from? Math/Science Nucleus 1990,

14 APPLIED SCIENCE - PHYSICS (5B) PROBLEM: How does a kaleidoscope work? PREDICTION: PROCEDURE: Materials: ruler, tape, silver mylar sheets, 3/4 oz plastic cup, toilet paper tube, paper towels 1. Measure 3 pieces of 2.5 cm by 10 cm piece of silver mylar that your teacher will provide. If you have a different size tube consult your teacher. Join the 3 pieces of silver mylar into a triangular prism. MAKE SURE YOU PUT THE SHINY SURFACE INSIDE. Tape the triangular prism together. (see picture below) 2. Put a small number of colored beads or any other materials in the plastic cup. Record what you put in your kaleidoscope. Position the cup in one end of the toilet paper tube. Put the lid on the cup. 3. Wrap the triangular prism in paper towel (you may need 2 or 3 sheets depending on the thickness of the towel) so it fits snugly in the tube. Point the tube toward a light source and rotate the plastic cup as you look through the open end of the tube. You have just made a kaleidoscope. List what and how many items you put in your kaleidoscope. LOOK AT YOUR KALEIDOSCOPE. Draw what you see in the tube without turning it. How many sections is it divided into? Look through your partners kaleidoscope. Is it different from yours? How? CONCLUSION: Why do you think a kaleidoscope works. Explain? Math/Science Nucleus 1990,

15 APPLIED SCIENCE - PHYSICS (5B) POST REFLECT OR REFRACT? Trace the path of light from the different lenses. Note where the light source is and if there is mylar. Remember mylar will reflect light. Math/Science Nucleus 1990,

16 APPLIED SCIENCE - TECHNOLOGY (5A) Lasers are neat! It almost seems like the photons of light have joined together to make a powerful and beautiful tool. The term laser really is a condensed word meaning: Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation. The above picture shows how light from helium and neon can become a laser light. Can you explain? List some places or items where you may have hear the word laser and write them down. Which one of the following is the type of pattern generated by laser? Which one is produced by sunlight? Coherent light wave pattern Incoherent light wave pattern Math/Science Nucleus 1990,

17 APPLIED SCIENCE - TECHNOLOGY (5A) PROBLEM: Is there a difference between light from a laser and a flashlight? PREDICTION: MATERIALS: lens, prism, cube magnifier, ulexite, quartz, mirror, laser, flashlight PROCEDURE: IF YOU ARE USING THE LASER, LISTEN TO YOUR TEACHER'S INSTRUCTIONS. LASERS ARE NOT TOYS AND MUST BE HANDLED WITH CARE. DO NOT STARE AT LASER LIGHT! Shine the light of the flashlight through your items. If the room is not dark, use a black piece of paper as the backing so your images will show up. Record what you see. If you are using a laser, shoot one of the beams through the same material and draw what you see in the appropriate space below. ITEM FLASHLIGHT LASER PRISM QUARTZ ULEXITE CUBE MAGNIFIER MIRROR BICONVEX LENS CALCITE CONCLUSION: Math/Science Nucleus 1990,

18 APPLIED SCIENCE - TECHNOLOGY (5A) FIND DIFFERENT TECHNOLOGIES THAT USE LASERS? Use the Internet to search lasers and list the different products that you can find. Many of you have seen holograms. Many stickers that flicker are actually holographic images. There are artists that specialize in holograms. Holograms are made by lasers. But how are they made. Search the web for holograms and see if you can understand what and how holograms are made. The picture and information below were found searching the web. After your search, see if you can explain how a hologram is made with your own words. Write them down in the space provided. HOW IS A HOLOGRAM MADE? The custom artwork is then sent to our holography laboratory where the holographer creates and combines the necessary photographic and holographic elements to produce a "master" hologram on special photosensitive emulsions. As with all holograms, the multidimensional image is recorded as a unique "interference pattern" which is created using laser light and precision optical techniques. Math/Science Nucleus 1990,

19 APPLIED SCIENCE - TECHNOLOGY 5B COMPARING HOW LIGHT IS USED IN A MICROSCOPE 1. Draw the Swift GH in the space below and label the appropriate parts. 2. Define the function of the following parts. ARM CONDENSER EYEPIECE OBJECTIVE STAGE 3. Trace how light goes through an object and through the optic tube of the transmitting light figure and the Swift GH figure you drew. Math/Science Nucleus 1990,

20 APPLIED SCIENCE - TECHNOLOGY (5B) PROBLEM: Do people focus differently using the same objective on the microscope? PREDICTION: MATERIALS: reflecting microscope, ruler, 5 objects, lens, index card PROCEDURE: EXERCISE I. Find the optical element-image distance. Using a convex lens and a source of light (near a window), create an inverted image. Look at diagram below. Measure the distance from the inverted image (or index card) to the lens. Record your answer and compare it with the image your partner found. YOUR DISTANCE: PARTNER S DISTANCE: EXERCISE II. Look at 5 objects under the microscope. When each object is focused, measure the distance from the object to the objective. Record the focal distance in the graph below. Compare with 2 other groups and see if the focal distance is the same or not. Write your observations under the conclusions. Specimen Used Your Data Group 1 Group 2 CONCLUSIONS: Is the focal distance the same for all objects? How did you prove this? Math/Science Nucleus 1990,

21 APPLIED SCIENCE - TECHNOLOGY (5B) POST LAB HOW THE EYE SEES IMAGES Math/Science Nucleus 1990,

22 APPLIED SCIENCE - BUILT ENVIRONMENT (5) In the first 2 columns on this chart, write down the types of sounds you hear in 24 hours and the sources of those sounds. For each sound on your list, decide the decibels of that noise. Then decide how necessary each noise is (somewhat, or not at all). Finally, make suggestions for reducing the noises on your list in the proper columns. jet airplane, 100 feet away 140 db air raid siren, nearby 125 db rock music, amplified 120 db riveter 95 db busy street traffic 70 db conversation in home 65 db quiet radio in home 40 db whisper 20 db rustle of leaves 10 db threshold of hearing 0 db SOUND SOURCE DECIBEL HOW NECESSARY HOW REDUCED Math/Science Nucleus 1990,

23 APPLIED SCIENCE - BUILT ENVIRONMENT (5) PROBLEM: Are all light bulbs the same inside? Why or why not? PREDICTION: MATERIALS: 4 different light bulbs, microscope PROCEDURE: Look at light bulbs at your station and draw the inside of the bulb. You may use a microscope. Make sure that the filament is 5.5 cm away from the objective. Remember the bulbs are glass. HANDLE WITH CARE. Label the following: glass, filament. Trace the flow of the electrons through the light bulb in each of the pictures. Your teacher has a light bulb that is producing light. Look and see if you can determine what produces the light. Use the following space to make notes. CONCLUSIONS: Why do light bulbs have different filaments? Math/Science Nucleus 1990,

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