Austrian Energy Agency

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1 Austrian Energy Agency Factors of success for biomass CHP in Austria Kasimir Nemestothy Austrian Energy Agency 29/03/06 Seite 1

2 Other Renewables in the Austrian primary energy supply 2003 Hydro 131 PJ 9,4% non-renewables PJ 78,6% other renewables 168 PJ 12% Source: Statistik Austria (Energiebilanz 2003) Austrian Energy Agency 29/03/06 Seite 2

3 Primary energy consumption of other RES (168 PJ) in 2003 Wood energy 81,6 % PJ Waldhackgut 5,9% Industrierestholz (inkl. Rinde) 17,3% Holzpellets 1,7% Stroh 0,1% Deponiegas 0,3% Klärgas 0,4% Biogas 0,3% Biodiesel 0,1% Ablauge/Schlämme der Papierfabrik 14,0% Müll 1,3% Scheitholz 42,7% Quelle: Statistik Austria (Energiebilanz 2003), Österreichische Energieagentur 2005 Austrian Energy Agency 29/03/06 Seite 3 Solarthermie 2,2% Wärmepumpe 3,6% Geothermie 0,5% Wind 0,8% Photovolatik 0,02% sonstige Abfälle 8,7%

4 Austria has successfully introduced wood in 5 new markets Forest related industries (since 1950s) District heating of rural villages & towns (since 1980) Medium scale biomass heating projects like schools, town halls, village centres, etc. (since 1992) Wood pellet heating for single family houses (since 1995) Cogeneration of heat and power (since 2003) Austrian Energy Agency 29/03/06 Seite 4

5 Electricity production from wood in GWh in 2004 Source: EurObserver (2005) Wood Energy Barometer Austrian Energy Agency 29/03/06 Seite 5

6 Electricity production from wood in kwh per capita in 2004 Source: EurObserver (2005) Wood Energy Barometer Austrian Energy Agency 29/03/06 Seite 6

7 Green Electricity Act: Basics Set in force: System: Feed-in tariffs, guaranteed for 13 years Promotion system for small hydro (< 10 MW) Target: at least 9 % of generation in 2008 Promotion system for biomass (solid, liquid, gaseous), wastes containing high biogenic fractions, landfill and sewage gas, wind, solar, geothermal excluding: animal meal, black liquor, sewage sludge, waste Target: at least 4 % of final demand in 2008 Austrian Energy Agency 29/03/06 Seite 7

8 Green Electricity Act: Promotion mechanism Product price Final Consumer Electricity trader Transfer price 4,5 ct/kwh Green Power Balance Group Representative (GPBGR) Clearing and Settlement Agency Costs of balance energy Feed-in tariff Surcharge on grid utilisation charge Grid Operator Support fee Eco-energy Plant Austrian Energy Agency 29/03/06 Seite 8 Financial flows Energy flows (ownership)

9 Price ranges for supported biomass electricity production from forestry residues Austrian Energy Agency 29/03/06 Seite 9 Source: KOM (2005) 627

10 New RES-E framework Feed-in tariff system will be continued limited budget for RES-E except hydro feed-in tariffs for small hydro investment subsidies for hydro between 10 and 20 MW new CHP plants preliminary decision by end of November 2005 need of discussion with EC final decision by parliament in the first months 2006 enforcement probably in spring 2006 Austrian Energy Agency 29/03/06 Seite 10

11 Facts for new RES-E act (1/2) Feed-in tariff system continued Overall goal: 10% of consumption produced from RES-E (excluding hydro) by 2010, no sub-target for PV No cap in terms of installed capacity, but Cap for the additional costs for new plants: additional 17 mio. p.a. from (summarising to ~100 mio. ), thereof 30% for solid biomass 30% for biogas 30% for wind energy 10% for PV and others (liquid biomass, cofiring, others) especially for PV: provinces have to cover 50% of the cost Austrian Energy Agency 29/03/06 Seite 11

12 Facts for new RES-E act (2/2) Management of the system by a new Green Electricity Management Agency instead of the three GPBGRs contracts are given by first come first serve Tariffs itself will be defined by ordinance Tariffs have to be degressive Guarantee period 100% of the tariff paid for the first 10 years 75% in the 11th year 50% of the tariff in the 12th year Austrian Energy Agency 29/03/06 Seite 12

13 Estimated Effects of the Green Electricity Act ( old and suggested new system) % % Others (new) Others (old) Biogas (new) Production (GWh) % 6% 4% Share (% of Consumption) Biogas (old) Solid Biomass (new) Solid Biomass (old) Wind (new) Wind (old) Share % % Austrian Energy Agency 29/03/06 Seite 13 Source: own calculations

14 Biomass district heating plants in Austria Biomasseheizwerke in Österreich / Leistung > biomass district heating plants in operation Austrian Energy Agency 29/03/06 Seite 14

15 Biomass CHP Plants in Austria (in operation, under construction & planned) Übersichtskarte Biomasse-KWKs (2006) Austrian Energy Agency 29/03/06 Seite 15

16 Estimation of wood fuel demand for new Biomasse-CHP-plants Austrian Energy Agency 29/03/06 Seite 16

17 Comparison of fuel demand for new biomass-chp-plants and old DHPs Austrian Energy Agency 29/03/06 Seite 17

18 Wood demand estimation of the paper and particle board industry Austrian Energy Agency 29/03/06 Seite 18

19 Pulpwood prices in /MWh (at forestroad) [ /MWh] Umrechnung in /MWh aus FMO - Rundholz frei Straße Quelle: Nemestothy auf Datenbasis Rothleitner G., aktuell Austrian Energy Agency 29/03/06 Seite 19

20 Market prices for wood in /MWh (Oct 2005) Quelle: Umrechnung auf Preisbasis des Holzmarktberichtes der Präko & proholz Stmk, Forstzeitung Austrian Energy Agency 29/03/06 Seite 20

21 Wood demand estimation for heat & electricity production Austrian Energy Agency 29/03/06 Seite 21

22 Model-calculation 5 MWe Biomass- CHP-Plant Sensitivity analyses Austrian Energy Agency 29/03/06 Seite 22

23 Model-calculation 5 MWe Biomass- CHP Effects of fuelprice-variation Austrian Energy Agency 29/03/06 Seite 23

24 Studies concerning production costs of forest wood chips Quelle: Stampfer K., BOKU Forsttechnik (Umrechnung von srm fm mit 2,5:1) Austrian Energy Agency 29/03/06 Seite 24

25 Share of Bioenergy R&D in Austria All Data in % OECD (IEA) Austria Overall Energy Research Share for RES R&D Share of Bioenergy from RES R&D Share of Bioenergy from overall energy R&D 2,4 2, Austrian Energy Agency 29/03/06 Seite 25

26 Bioenergy R&D Framework Austrian Energy Research & Technology Concept Impulsprogram Sustainable Economy Energysystems of the Future Austrian Participation in EU Research Framework ERANET Bioenergy Technologyplatforms IEA Working Groups Austrian Energy Agency 29/03/06 Seite 26

27 Contact Austrian Energy Agency Otto-Bauer-Gasse 6 A-1060 Wien Kasimir P. Nemestothy Tel Austrian Energy Agency 29/03/06 Seite 27

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