Renewable Energy Sources (RES) Support Levels, 2009

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1 Austria Hydropower Green electricity act Feed-in tariff (incentive only) , Wind (onshore) Green electricity act Feed-in tariff (incentive only) ,915, Biomass Green electricity act Feed-in tariff (incentive only) ,958, Biomass (fluid) Green electricity act Feed-in tariff (incentive only) , Photovoltaic Green electricity act Feed-in tariff (incentive only) , Biogas Green electricity act Feed-in tariff (incentive only) , Geothermal Green electricity act Feed-in tariff (incentive only) , Total ,147, Belgium Biomass Flanders and Wallonia GC Green certificates ,136, Czech Republic Hydropower Flanders and Wallonia GC Green certificates , Wind (onshore) Flanders and Wallonia GC Green certificates , Photovoltaic Flanders and Wallonia GC Green certificates , Wind (offshore) Federal GC Green certificates , Total ,581, Hydropower Feed-in premium , Hydropower Feed-in tariff (incentive only) , Photovoltaic Feed-in premium , Photovoltaic Feed-in tariff (incentive only) , Wind (onshore) Feed-in premium Wind (onshore) Feed-in tariff (incentive only) , Biogas, landfill gas, sludge gas Feed-in premium , and mine gas from closed gas Biogas, landfill gas, sludge gas Feed-in tariff (incentive only) , and mine gas from closed gas Biomass Feed-in premium ,356, Biomass Feed-in tariff (incentive only) , Total ,269, Page 1 of 6

2 Denmark Wind (onshore) Mostly feed-in premium ,310, Wind (onshore) Feed-in tariff (incentive only) ,370, Biomass and biogas Mostly feed-in premium ,740, Total ,420, France Wind (onshore) Feed-in tariff (incentive only) ,808, Photovoltaic Feed-in tariff (incentive only) , Hydropower Feed-in tariff (incentive only) ,047,270 19,46 Geothermal Feed-in tariff (incentive only) , Biomass Feed-in tariff (incentive only) , Biogas Feed-in tariff (incentive only) , Total ,090, Germany Hydropower Feed-in tariff (incentive only) ,877, Landfill gas, sewage treatment Feed-in tariff (incentive only) ,019, gas, mine gas Biomass Feed-in tariff (incentive only) 2, ,979, Geothermal Feed-in tariff (incentive only) , Wind (onshore) Feed-in tariff (incentive only) ,542, Wind (offshore) Feed-in tariff (incentive only) , Photovoltaic Feed-in tariff (incentive only) 2, ,578, Total 5, ,053, Hungary Hydro over 5 MW KAT Feed-in tariff (incentive only) - 160,006 - Hydro under 5 MW KAT Feed-in tariff (incentive only) , Biomass KAT Feed-in tariff (incentive only) ,561, Gas from waste deposit KAT Feed-in tariff (incentive only) , Sewage gas KAT Feed-in tariff (incentive only) , Biogas KAT Feed-in tariff (incentive only) , Wind (onshore) KAT Feed-in tariff (incentive only) , Total ,126, Page 2 of 6

3 Italy Biogas All-inclusive tariff Feed-in tariff (incentive only) , Biomass All-inclusive tariff Feed-in tariff (incentive only) , Wind (onshore) All-inclusive tariff Feed-in tariff (incentive only) Landfill gas All-inclusive tariff Feed-in tariff (incentive only) , Sewerage gas All-inclusive tariff Feed-in tariff (incentive only) Hydropower All-inclusive tariff Feed-in tariff (incentive only) , Photovoltaic Conto Energia Feed-in premium , Hydropower Green Certificates Green Certificates 5, ,957, Geothermal Green Certificates Green Certificates , Wind (onshore) Green Certificates Green Certificates ,536, Landfill gas Green Certificates Green Certificates , Other Biogases Green Certificates Green Certificates , Biomass Green Certificates Green Certificates , Biofuel Green Certificates Green Certificates ,939, Biomass (waste) Green Certificates Green Certificates , Waste Green Certificates Green Certificates , Photovoltaic Green Certificates Green Certificates , Hydropower CIP6 innovation Feed-in tariff (incentive only) , Biogas CIP6 innovation Feed-in tariff (incentive only) , Biomass CIP6 innovation Feed-in tariff (incentive only) ,971, Urban waste CIP6 innovation Feed-in tariff (incentive only) ,232, Wind (onshore) CIP6 innovation Feed-in tariff (incentive only) , Geothermal CIP6 innovation Feed-in tariff (incentive only) , Total 2, ,607, Lithuania Hydropower Feed-in tariff (incentive only) , Wind (onshore) Feed-in tariff (incentive only) , Photovoltaic Feed-in tariff (incentive only) Biomass Feed-in tariff (incentive only) , Total , Page 3 of 6

4 Luxembourg Netherlands Hydropower Compensation mechanism Feed-in tariff (incentive only) , Hydropower Environmental premium Feed-in premium 0.21 Biogas Compensation mechanism Feed-in tariff (incentive only) , Biogas Environmental premium Feed-in premium 0.91 Wind (onshore) Compensation mechanism Feed-in tariff (incentive only) , Wind (onshore) Environmental premium Feed-in premium 0.85 Photovoltaic Compensation mechanism Feed-in tariff (incentive only) , Photovoltaic Environmental premium Feed-in premium 9.39 Sewage (sludge) gas Compensation mechanism Feed-in tariff (incentive only) , Total , Biomass Feed-in tariff (incentive only) ,758, Hydropower Feed-in tariff (incentive only) , Wind (onshore) Feed-in tariff (incentive only) ,768, Wind (offshore) Feed-in tariff (incentive only) , Photovoltaic Feed-in tariff (incentive only) , Waste gas Feed-in tariff (incentive only) , Biomass OV-MEP Feed-in tariff (incentive only) , Wind (onshore) Photovoltaic small scale Stimulering Duurzame Energieproductie (SDE) Stimulering Duurzame Energieproductie (SDE) Feed-in premium , Feed-in premium , Total ,714, Page 4 of 6

5 Portugal Wind (onshore) Feed-in tariff (incentive only) ,480, Photovoltaic Feed-in tariff (incentive only) , Hydropower Feed-in tariff (incentive only) , Urban Waste Feed-in tariff (incentive only) , CHP (biomass, biogas) Feed-in tariff (incentive only) ,542, Total ,435, Spain Wind (onshore) Feed-in tariff (incentive only) Biomass Feed-in tariff (incentive only) CHP Feed-in tariff (incentive only) 1, ,871, ,674,000 73,67 1, ,496, Hydropower (mini) Feed-in tariff (incentive only) ,236, Waste Feed-in tariff (incentive only) ,891, Waste treatment Feed-in tariff (incentive only) ,894, Photovoltaic Feed-in tariff (incentive only) 2, ,060, Total 6, ,122, Sweden Green Certificates ,441, United Kingdom Green Certificates ,490, Green Certificates ,765, Green Certificates , Green Certificates Total ,569, Biomass Renewable Obligation Green Certificates ,501, Anaerobic Digestion (AD) Renewable Obligation Green Certificates , Co-firing of biomass Renewable Obligation Green Certificates ,553, Co-firing of energy crops Renewable Obligation Green Certificates , Dedicated biomass with CHP Renewable Obligation Green Certificates , Page 5 of 6

6 United Kingdom (cont.) Dedicated energy crops Renewable Obligation Green Certificates , Dedicated energy crops with CHP Renewable Obligation Green Certificates , Sewage gas Renewable Obligation Green Certificates , Hydro Renewable Obligation Green Certificates ,109, Landfill gas Renewable Obligation Green Certificates ,879, Wind (offshore) Renewable Obligation Green Certificates ,090, Wind (onshore) Renewable Obligation Green Certificates ,251, Photovoltaic Renewable Obligation Green Certificates , Tidal Flow Renewable Obligation Green Certificates , Wave Power Renewable Obligation Green Certificates Total 1, ,372, Norway Wind (onshore) Enova projects Investment grants ,610, RES = Renewable Energy Sources; NRA = National Regulatory Authority; PV = Photovoltaic; CHP = Combined Heat and Power Notes: The figures reported in the above table were collected and estimated when necessary for enhancing comparability across countries by NRAs. The only exception is Denmark, for which the data were provided directly by the Danish Energy Agency. Austria: There are also investment grants for PV and hydro plants which are not included in the table: in 2009 they amounted to EUR 18 and 20 million respectively. Belgium: For each offshore windfarm the is composed by the minimum price of green certificates (107 EUR/MWh for the first 216 MW installed capacity and 90 EUR/MWh for installed capacity above 216 MW) and an investment aid for the offshore connection cable of max. EUR 25 million, spread over 5 years (EUR 5 million per year). This investment aid is not included in the table. Denmark: For onshore wind, biomass and biogas technologies, most installations receive a feed-in premium but some may receive a feed-in tariff instead. France: It was only possible to collect costs data on a cash basis accounting. Italy: In order to enhance comparability among countries, the green certificate base value in Italy was estimated for the year 2009 on an accrual basis accounting (80 EUR/MWh) and then differentiated by technology according to multiplicative coefficients set in the Italian legislation. Norway: Currently Norway provides new wind power generation with investment support via the state owned enterprise Enova. Every project is considered individually and approved projects receive a given amount per GWh of assumed production for the economic life of the project (usually 20 years). The incentive level for wind installations increased in recent years: considering only the year 2009, new investment projects received a unit grant amounting (yearly) to EUR/MWh. United Kingdom: The accounting period for the quota system starts in spring and not in January. In April 2010, a new system of feed-in tariffs was introduced for smallscale renewables, which included enhanced support for PV of up to 41.3 p/kwh (472 EUR/MWh using the average April 2010 exchange rate of EUR/GBP). Source: Council of European Energy Regulators, CEER Report on Renewable Energy Support in Europe, Brussels 2011, pp Page 6 of 6

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