Trends from the use of biogas technology in Germany

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1 VIV Asia Biogas Conference on in Bangkok Trends from the use of biogas technology in Germany Head of Training and Safety German Biogas Association

2 Content German Biogas Association Renewable Energy in Germany The biogas market in Germany Political framework in Germany Different Operation techniques in use Trends on international Biogas markets 2

3 over 400 honorary experts Member of the European Biogas Association (EBA) Structure of the German Biogas Association Steering Committee 7 members, elected for a 4-year-period Headquarters in Freising 23 employees, organised in 10 departments Board of Trustees Elected honorary spokesmen of regional groups, working groups and advisory boards Advisory Boards, Working Groups Advisory boards of plant operators, companies, the legal profession, funders; Working groups for the areas permissions, safety, feeding-in of biogas, environment, heat, waste and fertiliser law Berlin Office 5 employees Regional offices (North, South, East, West and Editorial Office Biogas Journal 5 employees 23 Regional groups in Germany Operators of biogas plants Providers of feedstock Research Institutions 4,800 Members Interested private individuals Public authorities Lawyers Companies and manufacturers Corporate finance Planners, advisers, laboratories

4 German Biogas Association - Objectives Objectives : Promotion of the biogas sector Promotion of a sustainable energy supply Definition of legal framework for reliable and long-term investments Creation of adequate technical rules and standards Promotion of R & D Exchange of information Members service Lobbying on federal state, federal and EU level in the following fields: Renewable Energy Act (EEG) Energy management Regulatory approval Environmental law Laws on agricultural issues Tax law 4

5 European Biogas Association 26 countries 34 National Organisations 40 Companies

6 BEE - the German Renewable Energy Federation umbrella organization of renewable energy in Germany 29 member associations and organizations representing 30,000 members, including 5,000 enterprises Our target: 100 % Renewable Energy

7 Content German Biogas Association Renewable Energy in Germany The biogas market in Germany Political framework in Germany Different Operation techniques in use Trainings in the area of safety Trends on international Biogas markets Instruments to promote international Biogas Projects 7

8 Frontrunner... Share of RES in Final Energy Consumption 12.4% Share of RES-E 28.5% (1 st Half 2014) 35 GW windpower capacity inst. el. Power (9% of total Power consumption) 36 GW PV capacity installed el. Power (5% of total PC) 4 GW Biogas capacity installed el. Power (5%! of total PC) 380,000 people employed in the RES-sector 31.5 billion turnover from construction and operation of RES

9 2013: 25.4% RES-E Source: German Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy - Renewable Energy Sources in Germany 2013

10 Structure of the German electricity production from renewable energy sources (2012) More than 50 % of the RES are fluctuating Overall: 151 TWh Wind 34,3% Biowaste 3.45 Landfill gas 0.4% Biomass 31.3% Biogas 18% Sewage gas 0.9% Photovoltaic 20.5% Solid biofuels 8.3% Liquid biofuels 0.3% Hydro 13,8% Source: FvB based on BMU

11 Capacity [GW] Flexibility instead of base load: The new role of bioenergy 20 % Renewable Energy Sources 40 % Renewable Energy Sources 80 % Renewable Energy Sources With increasing share of RES baseload loses importance Flexible systems fill the valleys of the wind and sun CHP with bioenergy & natural gas New role of biogas red Demand (2010) green Production Wind & Solar 12

12 Content German Biogas Association Renewable Energy in Germany The biogas market in Germany Political framework in Germany Different Operation techniques in use Trends on international Biogas markets 13

13 Number of biogas plants Installed electric capacity Number of biogas plants & installed electric capacity Number of biogas plants in Germany Installed electric capacity in Megawatt [MW] Fachverband Biogas e.v. / German Biogas Association Years 14

14 Biogas sector at a glance Number of biogas plants (biogas plants with biomethane injection) 2013* Forecast 2014** Forecast 2015** (144) (153) (156) Installed electric capcity in MW Gross electricity production in TWh per year 26,42 27,55 27,88 Housholds supplied with biogas-based electricity in millions 7,5 7,9 8,0 CO 2 reduction by biogas in million tons 16,8 17,6 17,8 Turnover in Germany in Euro 7,3 Billion 7,4 Billion 7,2 Billion Jobs in the biogas sector Fachverband Biogas e.v. / G erman Biogas Association * Own extrapolation based on country data ** Based on a expert survey 15

15 Feedstock in German biogas plants Excrements Energycrops Agricultural Vegetable waste Residential and by-products industrial waste Liquid and solid manure, dung Agriculture Grass, maize, corn, potatoes, fodder beet, mustard, silage Fertilizer Beet leaf, straw, harvest residues., vegetable matter Biogas plant Digestate Brewer grains, vegetable waste, old fat, molasses, distiller s wash, Marc, garden and park waste... Biogas separate collected residential, waste, organic fraction of mixed waste, fat separator contents, flotation tailings, food waste, leftovers, expired food, grease, blood, residues from milk production, sewage sludge, Heat, electricity, fuel

16 Feedstock in German biogas plants % by weight % by energy output Biowaste Liquid & solid manure Energycrops Industrial & agricultural residues Source: Motoringbericht DBFZ, June

17 Biogas from biowaste in Germany 14,2 million t/a separately collected biowaste (incl. 8,2 million t/a household biowaste) Composting Fermentation Incineration material recycling/ recovery energetic Approx. 5,3 million t/a biowaste 984 approved biogas plants (approx. 300 plants from which 100 municipal plants) Source: Statistisches Bundesamt, 2012, Fachverband Biogas estimation 18

18 Fields of Application for Biogas 20

19 Content German Biogas Association Renewable Energy in Germany The biogas market in Germany Political framework in Germany Different Operation techniques in use Trends on international Biogas markets 21

20 German Renewable Energy Act (EEG) Priority connection, purchase and transmission for electricity from renewable energy sources A consistent fee for this electricity paid by the grid operators for a 20- year period The core elements of the EEG guarantee : Mid and long term planning and investment security Calculable costs for consumers Specific fees for different technologies Low bureaucratic effort Participation for local and regional players 22

21 Development of the Renewable Energy Act EEG ( ) Consistent fee for 20 years Priority connection 250 new plants a year EEG 2000 EEG 2004 Bonus for energy crops Bonus for using heat 450 new plants a year Bonus for new techniques Bonus for emission reduction Bonus for manure 1000 new plants a year EEG 2009 EEG 2012 New system New requirements on efficiency and ecology 340 new plants a year EEG

22 NEW EEG 2014 (as of 1 st August 2014) For New Plants: No more bonus for energy crops and manure No more bonus for biogas upgrading No more heat utilization obligation Max. 100 MW gross additional plants each year Special feed-in-tariff for: - small manure plants: 23,73 ct/kwh - waste fermentation plants: 15,26 ct/kwh Common tariff ( 44) 150 kw 13,66 Cent/kWh 500 kw 11,78 Cent/kWh 5 MW 10,55 Cent/kWh 20 MW 5,85 Cent/kWh 24

23 Content German Biogas Association Renewable Energy in Germany The biogas market in Germany Political framework in Germany Different Operation techniques in use Trends on international Biogas markets 25

24 Technologies in use in Germany Wet digestion Complete Mixed Reactor Dry continuous digestion Plug Flow Reactor Dry batch digestion Garage Systems < 15 % dm % dm > 30 % dm Thermophilic Thermophilic Thermophilic Mesophilic Mesophilic Mesophilic

25 Complete mixed reactor Relief pressure valve Mixer Storage of biogas Cover of the reactor Gas leakage Air supply Spill over Isolation Concrete packaging Input Heating installation Heater Withdrawal of biogas For biogas utilisation Condensate trap Source: Biogashandbuch Bayern 27

26 Inside a digester The inside of a digester Fachverband Biogas e.v. 28

27 Plug flow reactor Origen: Berlin Ruhleben, BSR 30

28 Garage System 31

29 Content German Biogas Association Renewable Energy in Germany The biogas market in Germany Political framework in Germany Different Operation techniques in use Trends on international Biogas markets 40

30 Biogas Plants in Europe 2012 Source: EBA Biogas Report

31 Biogas Plants in Europe 2011 and 2012 Source: EBA Biogas Report

32 Motiviation / Trends in developing and emerging countries Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) focus on the reduction of methane rather than electricity production Decentralized energy solutions driven by industry avoid energy black outs and high costs of importing fossil fuels Environmental regulations (waste water, municipal waste, agricultural waste, landfills, etc.) Feed in Tariffs / Quotas Biogas upgrading to Biomethane MSW, Agricultural residues, Landfill gas, Sewage gas, Energy crops? Establishment of National Biogas Associations!

33 Promoting international Biogas projects Cooperation

34 45

35 biogas.org german-biogas-industry.com 46

36 Conclusion Germany is a frontrunner in renewables Biogas is as an all-rounder and a key in the energy mix Three main trends in Germany: 1. Feedstock: manure/waste - no energy crops 2. Flexibility (balancing the fluctuating power generation) 3. Export business of the manufactures (60 % forecast 2014 estim.) Huge potential and interest for biogas worldwide (biowaste digestion, agricultural residues, landfill gas, sewage gas) -> know-how is necessary Importance of National Biogas Associations, Safety standards and operators training! Lot of experience and know-how in Germany. Partnerships! 47

37 Thank you for your attention! BIOGAS Convention & Trade Fair we will see us in Leipizig! 2nd to 3rd of Feburary 2016 Biogas Basics! Know-How Transfer! International Panel on Development & Emerging Countries! Best practise on Waste digestion and exotic substrates! 48

38 Head of Training and Safety German Biogas Association Contact: Internet: 49

39 Source: Statista

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