BIOLOGY 100 Placement Test Guidelines

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "BIOLOGY 100 Placement Test Guidelines"

Transcription

1 BIOLOGY 100 Placement Test Guidelines UNIT OBJECTIVES The student should prepare for lecture by reading the assigned chapters before coming to lecture. Students are encouraged to complete the questions for review and critical thinking questions at the end of each chapter. Answers to the questions are found in the back of the book. At the conclusion of each chapter in your text, you should be able to accomplish the tasks outlined below for each chapter. Your instructor may also adjust the reading and homework assignments as necessary. Chapter 1: Scientific Study of Life 1.! Describe the characteristics that all living organisms share. 2.! Compare and contrast the three branches of life. 3.! Identify standardized, dependent, and independent variables in an experiment. 4.! Apply the scientific method to design experiments and analyze data. 5.! Discuss the limitations of the scientific method. 6.! Explain how observations of orchids and moths confirmed a prediction of evolutionary theory. Chapter 2: The Chemistry of Life 1.! Explain the chemical nature of biological molecules. 2.! Identify the most important elements in living organisms. 3.! Describe the structure of atoms. 4.! Compare and contrast the different types of bonds. 5.! Differentiate between atoms, molecules, and compounds. 6.! Explain the importance of water and its chemical properties. 7.! Explain how the structure of water affects its chemical properties. 8.! Explain how acids and bases affect ph. 9.! Explain the relationship between monomers and polymers. 10.!Compare and contrast the structures and functions of the four classes of biological molecules. 11.!Explain how researchers used isotopes to test hypotheses about the extraterrestrial origin of organic molecules. Chapter 3: Cells 1.! Describe the properties of a cell. 2.! Explain how different types of microscopes contribute to scientific understanding of cell structure. 3.! Define a cell using the components of cell theory. 4.! Identify the components common to all cells. 5.! Compare and contrast the cells that characterize the three domains of life. 6.! Explain how the chemical structure of phospholipids enables them to form a bilayer in water. 7.! Identify different functions of membrane proteins. 8.! Identify the functions of the organelles in eukaryotic cells. 9.! Describe how organelles interact in carrying out a cell s function. 10.!Compare and contrast the structure and function of cytoskeletal proteins. 11.!Explain the function of plasmodesmata in plant cells. 12.!Compare and contrast different cell junctions in animal cells.

2 13.!Explain how researchers used genetic mutations and microscopes to investigate the origin of the cytoskeleton. Chapter 4: The Energy of Life 1.! Describe how cells use energy to do work. 2.! Compare and contrast potential and kinetic energy. 3.! Explain how physical laws constrain energy use in organisms. 4.! Explain the relationship between reactions that absorb energy and those that release energy. 5.! Explain how oxidation and reduction reactions are linked. 6.! Explain how ATP is used in coupled reactions. 7.! Explain how enzymes catalyze reactions. 8.! List the factors that influence enzyme activity. 9.! Compare and contrast the ways that molecules move across membranes. 10.!Explain the relationship between diffusion and concentration gradients. 11.!Use natural selection to explain how cystic fibrosis is maintained in the human population. Chapter 5: Photosynthesis 1.! Explain the importance of photosynthesis in ecosystems. 2.! Draw and describe the net reaction in photosynthesis. 3.! Explain how light interacts with pigments. 4.! Describe the structures in a leaf that are involved in photosynthesis. 5.! Compare and contrast the light and carbon reactions of photosynthesis. 6.! Describe how the light reactions produce ATP and NADPH. 7.! Explain the role of H 2 O in photosynthesis. 8.! Identify the products and reactants in the carbon reactions. 9.! Explain the relationship between the products and reactants of the light and carbon reactions. 10.!Compare and contrast C 3, C 4, and CAM plants. 11.!Explain how researchers used DNA evidence to learn how chloroplasts carry out photosynthesis in sea slugs. Chapter 6: How Cells Release Energy 1.! Explain how cells use energy in food to produce ATP. 2.! Draw and explain the net reaction in aerobic respiration. 3.! Compare and contrast the events of glycolysis, the Krebs cycle, and the electron transport chain. 4.! Describe where in a eukaryotic cell each step in respiration occurs. 5.! Draw and explain the net reaction in glycolysis. 6.! Draw and explain the net reaction in the Krebs cycle. 7.! Diagram and explain the flow of electrons in the electron transport chain. 8.! Explain the role of O 2 in respiration. 9.! Calculate the net ATP produced in aerobic metabolism. 10.!Compare and contrast where carbohydrates, fats, and proteins enter metabolism. 11.!Compare and contrast aerobic respiration and fermentation. 12.!Use natural selection to explain why beetles visit hot flowers. Chapter 7: DNA Structure and Gene Function

3 1.! Identify the components of double-stranded DNA. 2.! Explain how hydrogen bonds contribute to the structure of DNA. 3.! Use a template strand of nucleotides to create a complementary strand. 4.! Explain the roles of DNA, RNA, and protein in gene function. 5.! Describe the events in transcription. 6.! Explain how RNA is processed during transcription. 7.! Describe the events in translation. 8.! Use the genetic code to translate a nucleic acid sequence into protein. 9.! Diagram and explain the relationship between codons and amino acids. 10.!Explain how the transcription of a gene is regulated. 11.!Compare and contrast prokaryotic and eukaryotic gene regulation. 12.!Compare and contrast how substitution, insertion, and deletion mutations can alter a protein. 13.!Explain when a mutation can be passed on to the next generation. 14.!Describe the general structure of viruses. 15.!Describe the major stages of viral replication in a host cell. 16.!Contrast the difference between the lytic and the lysogenic cycles of viruses. 17.!Explain how viruses cause disease in animals. 18.!Explain how viruses cause disease in plants. 19.!Describe how drugs and vaccines help fight diseases caused by viruses. 20.!Explain how prions and viroids cause disease. 21.!Explain how researchers used molecular data to learn about the evolution of human language. Chapter 8: DNA Replication and Cell Division 1.! Explain how cells divide to give rise to identical cells. 2.! Identify the roles of mitosis, meiosis, and fertilization in the human life cycle. 3.! Define apoptosis. 4.! Describe the steps of DNA replication and the function of enzymes in each step. 5.! Explain what features of DNA allow semiconservative replication to occur. 6.! Describe the events of binary fission in prokaryotic cells. 7.! Describe how DNA folds into a visible chromosome. 8.! Explain what is happening in a eukaryotic cell at each stage of the cell cycle. 9.! Diagram and identify the phases in mitosis. 10.!Explain how cell cycle checkpoints relate to cancer. 11.!List some of the factors that increase the risk for developing cancer. 12.!Describe the most common treatments for cancer. 13.!Apply the concept of natural selection to the development of drug resistance in a tumor. Chapter 9: Sexual Reproduction and Meiosis 1.! Explain how genetic information is passed from one generation to the next. 2.! Compare and contrast sexual and asexual reproduction. 3.! Distinguish between autosomes and sex chromosomes. 4.! Describe the role of homologous chromosomes in sexual reproduction. 5.! Explain the roles of meiosis, gamete formation, and fertilization in sexual reproduction. 6.! Differentiate between haploid and diploid cells. 7.! Explain the roles of somatic cells and germ cells in sexual reproduction. 8.! Sketch and identify the steps in meiosis.

4 9.! List and explain three ways that meiosis generates genetic variability among offspring. 10.!Compare and contrast the effects of crossing over, independent assortment, and random fertilization on variability among offspring. 11.!Compare and contrast mitosis and meiosis. 12.!Diagram and explain how polyploidy and nondisjunction can lead to missing or extra chromosomes in a gamete. 13.!Explain how researchers investigated the recent origin of two plant species. Chapter 10: Patterns of Inheritance 1.! Explain how genetic traits are passed from one generation to the next. 2.! Describe the role of chromosomes in inheritance. 3.! Differentiate between the terms gene, allele, locus and chromosome. 4.! Explain how meiosis and the production of gametes are associated with inheritance. 5.! Explain the relationship between dominant and recessive alleles of a gene. 6.! Compare and contrast genotype and phenotype. 7.! Differentiate between homozygous and heterozygous. 8.! Use a Punnett square to diagram and explain a monohybrid cross. 9.! Explain how meiosis contributes to Mendel s law of segregation. 10.!Use a Punnett square to diagram and explain independent assortment in a dihybrid cross. 11.!Explain how meiosis contributes to independent assortment of alleles. 12.!Use the product rule to predict inheritance patterns for two or more genes. 13.!Describe how linked genes produce inheritance patterns that do not appear to follow Mendel s laws. 14.!Diagram how crossing over can separate linked genes. Chapter 11: DNA Technology 1.! List examples of applications of DNA technology. 2.! Outline the steps required to make a transgenic organism. 3.! Describe DNA sequencing, the polymerase chain reaction, and DNA profiling techniques. 4.! Give examples of human DNA functions other than encoding proteins. 5.! Compare and contrast the growth of a normal cell and a stem cell. 6.! Explain how cloning is different from sexual reproduction. 7.! Describe how gene probes help biologists locate specific DNA sequences. 8.! Compare and contrast preimplantation genetic diagnosis, genetic testing, and gene therapy. 9.! Identify ethical issues associated with the use of DNA technology in medicine. 10.!List examples of ways biologists can use genomic sequences to learn about evolution. Chapter 12: Animal Tissues and Organ Systems 1.! Explain how multiple organs work together to maintain homeostasis in an animal. 2.! Understand how animal cells are organized into tissues, organs, and organ systems. 3.! Compare and contrast the four types of animal tissues. 4.! Describe the general characteristics and functions of epithelial tissue. 5.! Understand the composition and function of connective tissue. 6.! Compare and contrast smooth, skeletal, and cardiac muscle. 7.! Explain how neurons and neuroglia interact in nervous tissue. 8.! Identify the role of each of the 11 organ systems.

5 9.! Describe how negative feedback maintains homeostasis. 10.!Explain how the integumentary system protects the body. 11.!Explain how ultraviolet radiation and vitamin nutrition select for differences in skin pigmentation worldwide.!

MCAS Biology. Review Packet

MCAS Biology. Review Packet MCAS Biology Review Packet 1 Name Class Date 1. Define organic. THE CHEMISTRY OF LIFE 2. All living things are made up of 6 essential elements: SPONCH. Name the six elements of life. S N P C O H 3. Elements

More information

Honors Biology Course Summary Department: Science

Honors Biology Course Summary Department: Science Honors Biology Course Summary Department: Science Semester 1 Learning Objective #1 - Ecology Students will understand how organisms interact with each other and the environment. Target(s) to Meet Learning

More information

Common Course Topics Biology 1406: Cell and Molecular Biology

Common Course Topics Biology 1406: Cell and Molecular Biology Common Course Topics Biology 1406: Cell and Molecular Biology 1. Introduction to biology --the scientific study of organisms --properties of life --assumptions, methods and limitations of science --underlying

More information

Genetics Module B, Anchor 3

Genetics Module B, Anchor 3 Genetics Module B, Anchor 3 Key Concepts: - An individual s characteristics are determines by factors that are passed from one parental generation to the next. - During gamete formation, the alleles for

More information

Keystone Biology Exam Information: Module A: Cell and Cell Processes

Keystone Biology Exam Information: Module A: Cell and Cell Processes Keystone Biology Exam Information: Module A: Cell and Cell Processes Basic Biological Principles- Day 1 Describe the characteristics of life shared by prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms. Compare cellular

More information

Unit 1 - Fundamental Biology Skills and Knowledge

Unit 1 - Fundamental Biology Skills and Knowledge PREP TM AP* Biology Prep Course Syllabus Foundational Topics Review 10 units that cover fundamental biology topics typically covered in a general biology course. This content is perfect to use as a summer

More information

Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology 11 th Edition, 2015 Marieb

Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology 11 th Edition, 2015 Marieb A Correlation of Essentials of Human Anatomy Marieb To the Next Generation Science Standards Life A Correlation of, HS-LS1 From Molecules to Organisms: Structures and Processes HS-LS1-1. Construct an explanation

More information

1 Mutation and Genetic Change

1 Mutation and Genetic Change CHAPTER 14 1 Mutation and Genetic Change SECTION Genes in Action KEY IDEAS As you read this section, keep these questions in mind: What is the origin of genetic differences among organisms? What kinds

More information

STATE UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK COLLEGE OF TECHNOLOGY CANTON, NEW YORK COURSE OUTLINE. BIOL 101 Introduction to Biology

STATE UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK COLLEGE OF TECHNOLOGY CANTON, NEW YORK COURSE OUTLINE. BIOL 101 Introduction to Biology STATE UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK COLLEGE OF TECHNOLOGY CANTON, NEW YORK COURSE OUTLINE BIOL 101 Introduction to Biology Prepared By: W. David Barnes SCHOOL OF SCIENCE, HEALTH & PROFESSIONAL STUDIES SCIENCE

More information

Bio EOC Topics for Cell Reproduction: Bio EOC Questions for Cell Reproduction:

Bio EOC Topics for Cell Reproduction: Bio EOC Questions for Cell Reproduction: Bio EOC Topics for Cell Reproduction: Asexual vs. sexual reproduction Mitosis steps, diagrams, purpose o Interphase, Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, Telophase, Cytokinesis Meiosis steps, diagrams, purpose

More information

Structure and Function of DNA

Structure and Function of DNA Structure and Function of DNA DNA and RNA Structure DNA and RNA are nucleic acids. They consist of chemical units called nucleotides. The nucleotides are joined by a sugar-phosphate backbone. The four

More information

BioBoot Camp Genetics

BioBoot Camp Genetics BioBoot Camp Genetics BIO.B.1.2.1 Describe how the process of DNA replication results in the transmission and/or conservation of genetic information DNA Replication is the process of DNA being copied before

More information

Heredity - Patterns of Inheritance

Heredity - Patterns of Inheritance Heredity - Patterns of Inheritance Genes and Alleles A. Genes 1. A sequence of nucleotides that codes for a special functional product a. Transfer RNA b. Enzyme c. Structural protein d. Pigments 2. Genes

More information

General Biology. Course Description and Philosophy

General Biology. Course Description and Philosophy General Biology Course Description and Philosophy Biology is the study of life on the planet Earth. This is a standard college preparatory life science course. Among the concepts covered in the course

More information

Guilford County Schools Traditional Schedule Curriculum Guide. Dates Objective Sample Essential Questions

Guilford County Schools Traditional Schedule Curriculum Guide. Dates Objective Sample Essential Questions Guilford County Schools Traditional Schedule Curriculum Guide Instructions for use: Follow the weekly recommendations for teaching the objectives listed on the pacing document. When you need clarification

More information

somatic cell egg genotype gamete polar body phenotype homologous chromosome trait dominant autosome genetics recessive

somatic cell egg genotype gamete polar body phenotype homologous chromosome trait dominant autosome genetics recessive CHAPTER 6 MEIOSIS AND MENDEL Vocabulary Practice somatic cell egg genotype gamete polar body phenotype homologous chromosome trait dominant autosome genetics recessive CHAPTER 6 Meiosis and Mendel sex

More information

A Correlation of Pearson Miller & Levine Biology 2014 To the Utah Core State Standards for Biology Grades 9-12

A Correlation of Pearson Miller & Levine Biology 2014 To the Utah Core State Standards for Biology Grades 9-12 A Correlation of Pearson To the Utah Core State Standards Resource Title: Publisher: Pearson Education publishing as Prentice Hall ISBN (10 or 13 digit unique identifier is required): SE: 9780133242003

More information

Name: Class: Date: ID: A

Name: Class: Date: ID: A Name: Class: _ Date: _ Meiosis Quiz 1. (1 point) A kidney cell is an example of which type of cell? a. sex cell b. germ cell c. somatic cell d. haploid cell 2. (1 point) How many chromosomes are in a human

More information

Unit I: Introduction To Scientific Processes

Unit I: Introduction To Scientific Processes Unit I: Introduction To Scientific Processes This unit is an introduction to the scientific process. This unit consists of a laboratory exercise where students go through the QPOE2 process step by step

More information

1. Which of the following correctly organizes genetic material from the broadest category to the most specific category?

1. Which of the following correctly organizes genetic material from the broadest category to the most specific category? DNA and Genetics 1. Which of the following correctly organizes genetic material from the broadest category to the most specific category? A. genome chromosome gene DNA molecule B. genome chromosome DNA

More information

2.3: Eukaryotic Evolution and Diversity pg. 67. For about 1.5 billion years Prokaryotes were on the only living organism on Earth.

2.3: Eukaryotic Evolution and Diversity pg. 67. For about 1.5 billion years Prokaryotes were on the only living organism on Earth. 2.3: Eukaryotic Evolution and Diversity pg. 67 For about 1.5 billion years Prokaryotes were on the only living organism on Earth. 3.5 to 2 billion years ago Prokaryotes thrive in many different environments.

More information

AP Biology Learning Objective Cards

AP Biology Learning Objective Cards 1.1 The student is able to convert a data set from a table of numbers that reflect a change in the genetic makeup of a population over time and to apply mathematical methods and conceptual understandings

More information

Cells (ScienceGHSGT1) 1. Which part of the cell provides energy through the process of cellular respiration?

Cells (ScienceGHSGT1) 1. Which part of the cell provides energy through the process of cellular respiration? Name: Date: 1. Which part of the cell provides energy through the process of cellular respiration? A. cell wall B. cytoplasm C. mitochondrion D. cell membrane 2. All cells must have a A. cell membrane.

More information

Name Date Period. 2. When a molecule of double-stranded DNA undergoes replication, it results in

Name Date Period. 2. When a molecule of double-stranded DNA undergoes replication, it results in DNA, RNA, Protein Synthesis Keystone 1. During the process shown above, the two strands of one DNA molecule are unwound. Then, DNA polymerases add complementary nucleotides to each strand which results

More information

Given these characteristics of life, which of the following objects is considered a living organism? W. X. Y. Z.

Given these characteristics of life, which of the following objects is considered a living organism? W. X. Y. Z. Cell Structure and Organization 1. All living things must possess certain characteristics. They are all composed of one or more cells. They can grow, reproduce, and pass their genes on to their offspring.

More information

Lecture 5 Mutation and Genetic Variation

Lecture 5 Mutation and Genetic Variation 1 Lecture 5 Mutation and Genetic Variation I. Review of DNA structure and function you should already know this. A. The Central Dogma DNA mrna Protein where the mistakes are made. 1. Some definitions based

More information

Name: LAB SECTION: Circle your answer on the test sheet: completely erase or block out unwanted answers.

Name: LAB SECTION: Circle your answer on the test sheet: completely erase or block out unwanted answers. Biology 100 Practice Final Exam Spring 2011 Name: LAB SECTION: Circle your answer on the test sheet: completely erase or block out unwanted answers. Once you have completed the exam, transfer your answers

More information

Nature of Genetic Material. Nature of Genetic Material

Nature of Genetic Material. Nature of Genetic Material Core Category Nature of Genetic Material Nature of Genetic Material Core Concepts in Genetics (in bold)/example Learning Objectives How is DNA organized? Describe the types of DNA regions that do not encode

More information

PiXL AQA Knowledge Test ANSWERS Unit 2 Biology 2 B2 GCSE Additional Science for certification June 2014 onwards

PiXL AQA Knowledge Test ANSWERS Unit 2 Biology 2 B2 GCSE Additional Science for certification June 2014 onwards AQA Knowledge test ANSWERS Unit 2 Biology B2.1_Cells and Simple cell transport B2.1.1 Cells and cell structure 1. What are the main parts of animal cells? Nucleus, cytoplasm, cell membrane, mitochondria,

More information

Bio 101 Section 001: Practice Questions for First Exam

Bio 101 Section 001: Practice Questions for First Exam Do the Practice Exam under exam conditions. Time yourself! MULTIPLE CHOICE: 1. The substrate fits in the of an enzyme: (A) allosteric site (B) active site (C) reaction groove (D) Golgi body (E) inhibitor

More information

Name Class Date. Figure 13 1. 2. Which nucleotide in Figure 13 1 indicates the nucleic acid above is RNA? a. uracil c. cytosine b. guanine d.

Name Class Date. Figure 13 1. 2. Which nucleotide in Figure 13 1 indicates the nucleic acid above is RNA? a. uracil c. cytosine b. guanine d. 13 Multiple Choice RNA and Protein Synthesis Chapter Test A Write the letter that best answers the question or completes the statement on the line provided. 1. Which of the following are found in both

More information

Chapter 13: Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles

Chapter 13: Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles Name Period Chapter 13: Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles Concept 13.1 Offspring acquire genes from parents by inheriting chromosomes 1. Let s begin with a review of several terms that you may already know.

More information

Keystone Study Guide Module A: Cells and Cell Processes

Keystone Study Guide Module A: Cells and Cell Processes Keystone Study Guide Module A: Cells and Cell Processes Topic 1: Biological Principles Cells and the Organization of Life Characteristics of Life all living things share the following characteristics:

More information

Biology Final Exam Study Guide: Semester 2

Biology Final Exam Study Guide: Semester 2 Biology Final Exam Study Guide: Semester 2 Questions 1. Scientific method: What does each of these entail? Investigation and Experimentation Problem Hypothesis Methods Results/Data Discussion/Conclusion

More information

Cell Division. Use Target Reading Skills. This section explains how cells grow and divide.

Cell Division. Use Target Reading Skills. This section explains how cells grow and divide. Cell Processes and Energy Name Date Class Cell Processes and Energy Guided Reading and Study Cell Division This section explains how cells grow and divide. Use Target Reading Skills As you read, make a

More information

STUDENT ID NUMBER, LAST NAME,

STUDENT ID NUMBER, LAST NAME, EBIO 1210: General Biology 1 Name Exam 3 June 25, 2013 To receive credit for this exam, you MUST bubble in your STUDENT ID NUMBER, LAST NAME, and FIRST NAME No. 2 pencils only You may keep this exam to

More information

Honors Biology Practice Questions #1. Name. 6. Seastars have a diploid number of 24 chromosomes. The haploid number would be

Honors Biology Practice Questions #1. Name. 6. Seastars have a diploid number of 24 chromosomes. The haploid number would be Honors Biology Practice Questions #1 1. Donkeys have 68 chromosomes in each body cell. If a donkey cell undergoes meiosis, how many chromosomes should be in each gamete? A. 18 B. 34 C. 68 D. 132 2. A sperm

More information

Biology 1406 Exam 4 Notes Cell Division and Genetics Ch. 8, 9

Biology 1406 Exam 4 Notes Cell Division and Genetics Ch. 8, 9 Biology 1406 Exam 4 Notes Cell Division and Genetics Ch. 8, 9 Ch. 8 Cell Division Cells divide to produce new cells must pass genetic information to new cells - What process of DNA allows this? Two types

More information

Name Date. Meiosis Worksheet

Name Date. Meiosis Worksheet Name Date Meiosis Worksheet Identifying Processes On the lines provided, order the different stages of meiosis I THROUGH meiosis II, including interphase in the proper sequence. 1. homologous chromosome

More information

XII. Biology, Grade 10

XII. Biology, Grade 10 XII. Biology, Grade 10 Grade 10 Biology Pilot Test The spring 2004 Grade 10 MCAS Biology Test was based on learning standards in the Biology content strand of the Massachusetts Science and Technology/Engineering

More information

Cell Biology Questions and Learning Objectives

Cell Biology Questions and Learning Objectives Cell Biology Questions and Learning Objectives (with hypothetical learning materials that might populate the objective) The topics and central questions listed here are typical for an introductory undergraduate

More information

CHEMISTRY. c. What is the relationship between mass and volume? d. How is density related to buoyancy? (Why do things float or sink?

CHEMISTRY. c. What is the relationship between mass and volume? d. How is density related to buoyancy? (Why do things float or sink? OGT questions by topic PHYSICAL SCIENCE CHEMISTRY 1. Properties of Matter a. What are mass, volume, and density? b. How are they measured? c. What is the relationship between mass and volume? d. How is

More information

Visualizing Cell Processes

Visualizing Cell Processes Visualizing Cell Processes A Series of Five Programs produced by BioMEDIA ASSOCIATES Content Guide for Program 3 Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Copyright 2001, BioMEDIA ASSOCIATES www.ebiomedia.com

More information

BIOLOGY 101 COURSE SYLLABUS FOR FALL 2015

BIOLOGY 101 COURSE SYLLABUS FOR FALL 2015 BIOLOGY 101 COURSE SYLLABUS FOR FALL 2015 Course Description Instructor Biology 101 is the first of a two-semester introductory course sequence designed primarily for science majors. It covers some central

More information

Prentice Hall Biology (Miller/Levine) 2008 Correlated to: Colorado Science Standards and Benchmarks (Grades 9-12)

Prentice Hall Biology (Miller/Levine) 2008 Correlated to: Colorado Science Standards and Benchmarks (Grades 9-12) 1. ask questions and state hypotheses using prior scientific knowledge to help design and guide their development and implementation of a scientific investigation STANDARD 1: Students apply the processes

More information

AP Biology Essential Knowledge Student Diagnostic

AP Biology Essential Knowledge Student Diagnostic AP Biology Essential Knowledge Student Diagnostic Background The Essential Knowledge statements provided in the AP Biology Curriculum Framework are scientific claims describing phenomenon occurring in

More information

Biology 1 Unit 4: Chapter 5 (in book) Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis

Biology 1 Unit 4: Chapter 5 (in book) Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis Biology 1 Unit 4: Chapter 5 (in book) Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis I. Energy and Living Things A. The ultimate source of energy for life on earth = SUN B. Allows for photosynthesis 1. Light

More information

Mississippi SATP Biology I Student Review Guide

Mississippi SATP Biology I Student Review Guide Mississippi Student Review Guide Author: Cecilia L. Boles Published by Enrichment Plus, LLC PO Box 2755 Acworth, GA 30102 Toll Free: 1-800-745-4706 Fax 678-445-6702 Web site: www.enrichmentplus.com Mississippi

More information

Forensic DNA Testing Terminology

Forensic DNA Testing Terminology Forensic DNA Testing Terminology ABI 310 Genetic Analyzer a capillary electrophoresis instrument used by forensic DNA laboratories to separate short tandem repeat (STR) loci on the basis of their size.

More information

A. Homologous chromosomes divide in Meiosis l and sister. B. Homologous chromosomes divide in Meiosis ll and sister

A. Homologous chromosomes divide in Meiosis l and sister. B. Homologous chromosomes divide in Meiosis ll and sister SC.912.L.16.17 1) Somatic cells undergo mitosis whereas gamete cells undergo meiosis. Mitosis takes place throughout the lifetime of an organism. What is the biggest difference between these processes?

More information

Genetic information (DNA) determines structure of proteins DNA RNA proteins cell structure 3.11 3.15 enzymes control cell chemistry ( metabolism )

Genetic information (DNA) determines structure of proteins DNA RNA proteins cell structure 3.11 3.15 enzymes control cell chemistry ( metabolism ) Biology 1406 Exam 3 Notes Structure of DNA Ch. 10 Genetic information (DNA) determines structure of proteins DNA RNA proteins cell structure 3.11 3.15 enzymes control cell chemistry ( metabolism ) Proteins

More information

AS Biology Unit 2 Key Terms and Definitions. Make sure you use these terms when answering exam questions!

AS Biology Unit 2 Key Terms and Definitions. Make sure you use these terms when answering exam questions! AS Biology Unit 2 Key Terms and Definitions Make sure you use these terms when answering exam questions! Chapter 7 Variation 7.1 Random Sampling Sampling a population to eliminate bias e.g. grid square

More information

Chapter 13: Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles

Chapter 13: Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles Name Period Concept 13.1 Offspring acquire genes from parents by inheriting chromosomes 1. Let s begin with a review of several terms that you may already know. Define: gene locus gamete male gamete female

More information

DNA Replication & Protein Synthesis. This isn t a baaaaaaaddd chapter!!!

DNA Replication & Protein Synthesis. This isn t a baaaaaaaddd chapter!!! DNA Replication & Protein Synthesis This isn t a baaaaaaaddd chapter!!! The Discovery of DNA s Structure Watson and Crick s discovery of DNA s structure was based on almost fifty years of research by other

More information

Biology. EL indicates a goal that supports the Maryland Environmental Literacy Standards.

Biology. EL indicates a goal that supports the Maryland Environmental Literacy Standards. Biology Students must pass the High School Assessment in Biology to earn a high school diploma in Maryland. The HCPSS curriculum in Biology is aligned to the Maryland State Curriculum in Biology. Special

More information

Keystone Review Practice Test Module A Cells and Cell Processes. 1. Which characteristic is shared by all prokaryotes and eukaryotes?

Keystone Review Practice Test Module A Cells and Cell Processes. 1. Which characteristic is shared by all prokaryotes and eukaryotes? Keystone Review Practice Test Module A Cells and Cell Processes 1. Which characteristic is shared by all prokaryotes and eukaryotes? a. Ability to store hereditary information b. Use of organelles to control

More information

Respiration occurs in the mitochondria in cells.

Respiration occurs in the mitochondria in cells. B3 Question Which process occurs in the mitochondria in cells? Why do the liver and muscle cells have large number of mitochondria? What is the function of the ribosomes? Answer Respiration occurs in the

More information

Essential Vocabulary for Biology STAAR

Essential Vocabulary for Biology STAAR Essential Vocabulary for Biology STAAR 1. Science 2. Hypothesis 3. Theory Use of evidence to construct testable explanations and predictions of natural phenomena, as well as the knowledge generated through

More information

Quick Hit Activity Using UIL Science Contests For Formative and Summative Assessments of Pre-AP and AP Biology Students

Quick Hit Activity Using UIL Science Contests For Formative and Summative Assessments of Pre-AP and AP Biology Students Quick Hit Activity Using UIL Science Contests For Formative and Summative Assessments of Pre-AP and AP Biology Students Activity Title: Quick Hit Goal of Activity: To perform formative and summative assessments

More information

Basic Characteristics of Cells. Cell Structure and Function. Each Cell Has Three Primary Regions. Basic Characteristics of Cells. The Plasma Membrane

Basic Characteristics of Cells. Cell Structure and Function. Each Cell Has Three Primary Regions. Basic Characteristics of Cells. The Plasma Membrane Basic Characteristics of Cells Cell Structure and Function Chapter 3 Smallest living subdivision of the human body Diverse in structure and function Small Basic Characteristics of Cells Each Cell Has Three

More information

11.1 The Work of Gregor Mendel

11.1 The Work of Gregor Mendel 11.1 The Work of Gregor Mendel Lesson Objectives Describe Mendel s studies and conclusions about inheritance. Describe what happens during segregation. Lesson Summary The Experiments of Gregor Mendel The

More information

GCSE Additional Science Biology Contents Guide

GCSE Additional Science Biology Contents Guide GCSE Additional Science Contents Guide Copyright Boardworks Ltd 2007 Boardworks Ltd The Gallery 54 Marston Street Oxford OX4 1LF 08703 50 55 60 enquiries@boardworks.co.uk www.boardworks.co.uk 04-07 contains

More information

Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles

Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles Meiosis and Sexual Life Cycles Chapter 13 1 Ojectives Distinguish between the following terms: somatic cell and gamete; autosome and sex chromosomes; haploid and diploid. List the phases of meiosis I and

More information

12.1 The Role of DNA in Heredity

12.1 The Role of DNA in Heredity 12.1 The Role of DNA in Heredity Only in the last 50 years have scientists understood the role of DNA in heredity. That understanding began with the discovery of DNA s structure. In 1952, Rosalind Franklin

More information

A and B are not absolutely linked. They could be far enough apart on the chromosome that they assort independently.

A and B are not absolutely linked. They could be far enough apart on the chromosome that they assort independently. Name Section 7.014 Problem Set 5 Please print out this problem set and record your answers on the printed copy. Answers to this problem set are to be turned in to the box outside 68-120 by 5:00pm on Friday

More information

ISTEP+: Biology I End-of-Course Assessment Released Items and Scoring Notes

ISTEP+: Biology I End-of-Course Assessment Released Items and Scoring Notes ISTEP+: Biology I End-of-Course Assessment Released Items and Scoring Notes Page 1 of 22 Introduction Indiana students enrolled in Biology I participated in the ISTEP+: Biology I Graduation Examination

More information

Performance Objective Critical Attributes Benchmarks/Assessment. Can the student explain how cells exchange materials through the cell membrane?

Performance Objective Critical Attributes Benchmarks/Assessment. Can the student explain how cells exchange materials through the cell membrane? Curriculum Standard One: The student will understand that fundamental life processes of plants and animals depend on a variety of chemical reactions that occur in specialized areas of the organism s cells.

More information

NEW YORK STATE TEACHER CERTIFICATION EXAMINATIONS

NEW YORK STATE TEACHER CERTIFICATION EXAMINATIONS NEW YORK STATE TEACHER CERTIFICATION EXAMINATIONS June 2003 Authorized for Distribution by the New York State Education Department "NYSTCE," "New York State Teacher Certification Examinations," and the

More information

Gene mutation and molecular medicine Chapter 15

Gene mutation and molecular medicine Chapter 15 Gene mutation and molecular medicine Chapter 15 Lecture Objectives What Are Mutations? How Are DNA Molecules and Mutations Analyzed? How Do Defective Proteins Lead to Diseases? What DNA Changes Lead to

More information

Genetics Lecture Notes 7.03 2005. Lectures 1 2

Genetics Lecture Notes 7.03 2005. Lectures 1 2 Genetics Lecture Notes 7.03 2005 Lectures 1 2 Lecture 1 We will begin this course with the question: What is a gene? This question will take us four lectures to answer because there are actually several

More information

Protein Synthesis. Page 41 Page 44 Page 47 Page 42 Page 45 Page 48 Page 43 Page 46 Page 49. Page 41. DNA RNA Protein. Vocabulary

Protein Synthesis. Page 41 Page 44 Page 47 Page 42 Page 45 Page 48 Page 43 Page 46 Page 49. Page 41. DNA RNA Protein. Vocabulary Protein Synthesis Vocabulary Transcription Translation Translocation Chromosomal mutation Deoxyribonucleic acid Frame shift mutation Gene expression Mutation Point mutation Page 41 Page 41 Page 44 Page

More information

The chemical reactions inside cells are controlled by enzymes. Cells may be specialised to carry out a particular function.

The chemical reactions inside cells are controlled by enzymes. Cells may be specialised to carry out a particular function. 12.1 What are animals and plants built from? All living things are made up of cells. The structures of different types of cells are related to their functions. to relate the structure of different types

More information

HEREDITY (B) In domestic cats, the gene for Tabby stripes (T) is dominant over the gene for no stripes (t)

HEREDITY (B) In domestic cats, the gene for Tabby stripes (T) is dominant over the gene for no stripes (t) GENETIC CROSSES In minks, a single gene controls coat color. The allele for a brown (B) coat is dominant to the allele for silver-blue (b) coats. 1. A homozygous brown mink was crossed with a silverblue

More information

Campbell Biology Concepts & Connections 8 th Edition, 2015

Campbell Biology Concepts & Connections 8 th Edition, 2015 A Correlation of Campbell Biology Concepts & Connections To the Next Generation Science Standards A Correlation of, HS-LS1 From Molecules to Organisms: Structures and Processes HS-LS1-1. Construct an explanation

More information

Mendelian and Non-Mendelian Heredity Grade Ten

Mendelian and Non-Mendelian Heredity Grade Ten Ohio Standards Connection: Life Sciences Benchmark C Explain the genetic mechanisms and molecular basis of inheritance. Indicator 6 Explain that a unit of hereditary information is called a gene, and genes

More information

1. In most animal cells, a complex network of proteins provides which of the following?

1. In most animal cells, a complex network of proteins provides which of the following? Organic Molecules and Water 1. In most animal cells, a complex network of proteins provides which of the following? A. organization B. shape C. movement D. all of these 2. Technology Enhanced Questions

More information

Molecular Cell Biology WS2011

Molecular Cell Biology WS2011 Molecular Cell Biology WS2011 Lecturer: Dr. Andreas Prokesch, Inst. for Genomics and Bioinformatics, TUG Purpose of this series of lectures: to offer you the basic knowledge required to know and understand

More information

BIOLOGY HIGHER LEVEL

BIOLOGY HIGHER LEVEL 2008. M44 Write your Examination Number here Coimisiún na Scrúduithe Stáit State Examinations Commission LEAVING CERTIFICATE EXAMINATION, 2008 BIOLOGY HIGHER LEVEL THURSDAY, 12 JUNE MORNING, 9.30 TO 12.30

More information

Chapter 9 Patterns of Inheritance

Chapter 9 Patterns of Inheritance Bio 100 Patterns of Inheritance 1 Chapter 9 Patterns of Inheritance Modern genetics began with Gregor Mendel s quantitative experiments with pea plants History of Heredity Blending theory of heredity -

More information

Name: 4. A typical phenotypic ratio for a dihybrid cross is a) 9:1 b) 3:4 c) 9:3:3:1 d) 1:2:1:2:1 e) 6:3:3:6

Name: 4. A typical phenotypic ratio for a dihybrid cross is a) 9:1 b) 3:4 c) 9:3:3:1 d) 1:2:1:2:1 e) 6:3:3:6 Name: Multiple-choice section Choose the answer which best completes each of the following statements or answers the following questions and so make your tutor happy! 1. Which of the following conclusions

More information

Endocrine System: Practice Questions #1

Endocrine System: Practice Questions #1 Endocrine System: Practice Questions #1 1. Removing part of gland D would most likely result in A. a decrease in the secretions of other glands B. a decrease in the blood calcium level C. an increase in

More information

Chapter 8: The Cellular Basis of Reproduction and Inheritance

Chapter 8: The Cellular Basis of Reproduction and Inheritance Chapter 8: The Cellular Basis of Reproduction and Inheritance Introduction Stages of an Organism s Life Cycle: Development: All changes that occur from a fertilized egg or an initial cell to an adult organism.

More information

Chapter 21 Active Reading Guide The Evolution of Populations

Chapter 21 Active Reading Guide The Evolution of Populations Name: Roksana Korbi AP Biology Chapter 21 Active Reading Guide The Evolution of Populations This chapter begins with the idea that we focused on as we closed Chapter 19: Individuals do not evolve! Populations

More information

RNA and Protein Synthesis

RNA and Protein Synthesis Name lass Date RN and Protein Synthesis Information and Heredity Q: How does information fl ow from DN to RN to direct the synthesis of proteins? 13.1 What is RN? WHT I KNOW SMPLE NSWER: RN is a nucleic

More information

Campbell Biology in Focus Correlation for AP Biology Curriculum Framework

Campbell Biology in Focus Correlation for AP Biology Curriculum Framework Campbell Biology in Focus Correlation for AP Biology Curriculum Framework Chapters/ Graphical analysis of allele frequencies in a population 5 Application of the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium equation 1,

More information

Basic Scientific Principles that All Students Should Know Upon Entering Medical and Dental School at McGill

Basic Scientific Principles that All Students Should Know Upon Entering Medical and Dental School at McGill Fundamentals of Medicine and Dentistry Basic Scientific Principles that All Students Should Know Upon Entering Medical and Dental School at McGill Students entering medical and dental training come from

More information

Mitosis & Meiosis. Bio 103 Lecture Dr. Largen

Mitosis & Meiosis. Bio 103 Lecture Dr. Largen 1 Mitosis & Meiosis Bio 103 Lecture Dr. Largen 2 Cells arise only from preexisting cells all cells come from cells perpetuation of life based on reproduction of cells referred to as cell division 3 Cells

More information

Chemical Basis of Life Module A Anchor 2

Chemical Basis of Life Module A Anchor 2 Chemical Basis of Life Module A Anchor 2 Key Concepts: - Water is a polar molecule. Therefore, it is able to form multiple hydrogen bonds, which account for many of its special properties. - Water s polarity

More information

Cell Growth and Reproduction Module B, Anchor 1

Cell Growth and Reproduction Module B, Anchor 1 Cell Growth and Reproduction Module B, Anchor 1 Key Concepts: - The larger a cell becomes, the more demands the cell places on its DNA. In addition, a larger cell is less efficient in moving nutrients

More information

Unit 5 Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration

Unit 5 Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Unit 5 Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Advanced Concepts What is the abbreviated name of this molecule? What is its purpose? What are the three parts of this molecule? Label each part with the

More information

A CONTENT STANDARD IS NOT MET UNLESS APPLICABLE CHARACTERISTICS OF SCIENCE ARE ALSO ADDRESSED AT THE SAME TIME.

A CONTENT STANDARD IS NOT MET UNLESS APPLICABLE CHARACTERISTICS OF SCIENCE ARE ALSO ADDRESSED AT THE SAME TIME. Biology Curriculum The Georgia Performance Standards are designed to provide students with the knowledge and skills for proficiency in science. The Project 2061 s Benchmarks for Science Literacy is used

More information

B2 Revision. Subject Module Date Biology B2 13 TH May (am)

B2 Revision. Subject Module Date Biology B2 13 TH May (am) B2 Revision Subject Module Date Biology B2 13 TH May (am) Useful websites www.aqa.org.uk This website contains the specifications that we follow and also has a large number of past papers and mark schemes

More information

Multiple Choice Review Mitosis & Meiosis

Multiple Choice Review Mitosis & Meiosis Multiple Choice Review Mitosis & Meiosis 1. Which of the following accurately describes the one of the major divisions of mitosis? a. During the mitotic phase, cells are performing their primary function

More information

DNA is a double helix with two sugar phosphate backbones and nucleotide bases bridging the two chains.

DNA is a double helix with two sugar phosphate backbones and nucleotide bases bridging the two chains. BENG 100 Frontiers of Biomedical Engineering Professor Mark Saltzman Chapter 3 SUMMARY Nucleic acids are linear polymers made up of monomer units called nucleotides. Each nucleotide is composed of a pentose

More information

AP Biology. The four big ideas are:

AP Biology. The four big ideas are: AP Biology Course Overview: This course is an intensive study in biological concepts that emphasizes inquiry based learning. It is structured around the four Big Ideas and the Enduring Understandings that

More information

Student name ID # 2. (4 pts) What is the terminal electron acceptor in respiration? In photosynthesis? O2, NADP+

Student name ID # 2. (4 pts) What is the terminal electron acceptor in respiration? In photosynthesis? O2, NADP+ 1. Membrane transport. A. (4 pts) What ion couples primary and secondary active transport in animal cells? What ion serves the same function in plant cells? Na+, H+ 2. (4 pts) What is the terminal electron

More information

DNA, RNA, Protein synthesis, and Mutations. Chapters 12-13.3

DNA, RNA, Protein synthesis, and Mutations. Chapters 12-13.3 DNA, RNA, Protein synthesis, and Mutations Chapters 12-13.3 1A)Identify the components of DNA and explain its role in heredity. DNA s Role in heredity: Contains the genetic information of a cell that can

More information

South Texas College Biology Department Section Outline

South Texas College Biology Department Section Outline Essential minimum information required by STC South Texas College Biology Department Section Outline Biology 1406.P15 (majors) (Face-to-face Web-enhanced class) General Biology I Spring 2015 Instructor

More information

This is JEOPARDY!!!! 7 TH Grade Life Science

This is JEOPARDY!!!! 7 TH Grade Life Science This is JEOPARDY!!!! 7 TH Grade Life Science Blind Me with Science Questions about the Nature of Science They Might Be Giant Cells Questions about Cells, Molecules, and Atoms Head, Shoulders, Knees and

More information

Name Class Date. KEY CONCEPT Mutations are changes in DNA that may or may not affect phenotype. frameshift mutation

Name Class Date. KEY CONCEPT Mutations are changes in DNA that may or may not affect phenotype. frameshift mutation Unit 7 Study Guide Section 8.7: Mutations KEY CONCEPT Mutations are changes in DNA that may or may not affect phenotype. VOCABULARY mutation point mutation frameshift mutation mutagen MAIN IDEA: Some mutations

More information