1 B2 Revision Subject Module Date Biology B2 13 TH May (am)
2 Useful websites This website contains the specifications that we follow and also has a large number of past papers and mark schemes that can be downloaded for exam practise. This is a fantastic resource with all content from the AQA specifications covered in notes, quizzes and videos. This website has some well presented and useful information. However, it should be used with caution as it covers all exam boards, so not all material is relevant. This website has revision notes specifically for the AQA specifications
3 All living things are made up of cells. The structures of different types of cells are related to their functions.
4 Parts of cells which animal and plant cells have in common: Part Nucleus Cytoplasm Cell membrane Mitochondria Function Contains genetic material, which controls the activities of the cell Most chemical processes take place here, controlled by enzymes Controls the movement of substances into and out of the cell Most energy is released by respiration here Ribosomes Protein synthesis happens here
5 Parts of cells which only plant and algal cells contain: Part Cell wall Chloroplasts Permanent vacuole Function Strengthens the cell Contain chlorophyll, which absorbs light energy for photosynthesis Filled with cell sap to help keep the cell turgid
6 Bacteria are single celled organisms which contain: cytoplasm cell membrane cell wall no distinct nucleus
7 Yeast is a single-celled organism, similar to bacteria, containing: Cytoplasm Cell membrane Cell wall But, they also have a nucleus.
8 Cells may be specialised for a particular function. Their structure will allow them to carry this function out. Cell Job Adaptations Leaf cell: absorbs light for photosynthesis lots of chloroplasts Root hair cell: absorbs water and mineral ions finger like shape for large surface area Sperm cell: fertilises an egg head contains an enzyme to help penetrate egg Red blood cell: carries oxygen to the cells thin outer membrane so oxygen diffuses easily
9 Substances have to pass through the cell membrane to get into or out of a cell. Diffusion is a process that allows this to happen. Particles diffuse from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration.
10 Diffusion happens in our: Gut: Lungs: digested food particles diffuse from the gut cavity to blood in the villus oxygen moves from the alveoli into capillaries around the lungs
11 A tissue is a group of specialised cells that have a similar structure and function. Tissue Muscular tissue Glandular tissue Epithelial tissue Function Contracts, bringing about movement Produces substances such as enzymes and hormones Covers some parts of the body cells tissues organs organ systems
12 Organ systems are groups of organs that carry out a particular function. For example, the digestive system:
13 Plants also usually contain differentiated cells, tissues and organs.
14 Leaves are adapted to absorb sunlight for photosynthesis
15 Three factors can limit the speed of photosynthesis: light intensity carbon dioxide concentration temperature
16 Farmers can use their knowledge of limiting factors on photosynthesis to increase crop yields. Artificial light extends time for photosynthesis Heating increases the rate of photosynthesis Adding carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) increases the rate The cost of providing extra lighting, heat and carbon dioxide has to be weighed against the increased crop yield and the extra income it will provide. Tip: paraffin lamps provide light, heat and CO 2!
17 Glucose is produced during photosynthesis and is used by the plant to make: Cellulose - which strengthens the cell wall Proteins - such as enzymes and chlorophyll Glucose is stored by plants as starch, fats and oils.
18 The distribution of living organisms in a particular habitat may be affected by physical factors, such as: Temperature Amount of light Availability of water Availability of nutrients Availability of oxygen and carbon dioxide
19 Sampling: Quadrat Square frame Used to sample a small area Samples chosen at random
20 Sampling: Along a Transect Not random Tape stretched between two points Samples taken along the line using a quadrat Shows how the distribution of organisms changes along the line
21 Enzymes Biological catalysts: speed up reactions. Enzymes are protein molecules, and so are made up of amino acids.
22 What happens at the active site? The enzyme is the lock, and the reactant is the key. + + enzyme + reactant enzyme-reactant complex enzyme + products
23 Key phrases: Catalyst: A substance which changes the rate of a chemical reaction without being changed itself. Enzyme: A biological catalyst. + Active site: Where substrates bind to an enzyme and undergo a chemical reaction. Activation energy: The minimum amount of energy particles must have to be able to react.
24 Temperature and enzymes Most enzymes in the human body work best at about 37 o C. Over 40 o C most enzymes will stop working. The amino acids they are made form start to unravel and the shape of the active site changes. We say that the enzyme is denatured.
25 ph and enzymes Changes in ph alter an enzyme s shape. The best ph for an enzyme depends on where it normally works. For example, intestinal enzymes have an optimum ph of about 7.5 (alkaline). Enzymes in the stomach have an optimum ph of about 2 (acidic).
26 Amylase Made in the salivary glands, pancreas and small intestine. It breaks down starch into sugars. It works in the mouth and small intestine.
27 Protease Made in the stomach, pancreas and small intestine. It breaks down protein into amino acids. It works in the stomach and small intestine.
28 Lipase Made in the pancreas and small intestine. It breaks down lipids (fats and oils) into fatty acids and glycerol. It works in the small intestine.
29 The enzymes made in the pancreas and small intestine work best in alkaline conditions. The liver produces bile which is released into the small intestine. Bile neutralises the acid that was added to the food in the stomach.
30 What do enzymes do for us? Industry confectionery (sweets) baby food Function of enzymes change glucose into fructose, which is sweeter so less is needed and is used in 'slimming' foods (isomerase). start off digestion of food (proteases and lipases) biological detergent break down stains (proteases and lipases).
31 Mitochondria: tiny organelles found in most plant and animal cells. Where the respiration reactions happen. More active cells have more mitochondria.
32 Aerobic respiration (with oxygen) glucose + oxygen carbon dioxide + water (+ energy) When too little oxygen reaches the muscles during exercise, they use anaerobic respiration to obtain energy. Anaerobic respiration (without oxygen) glucose lactic acid (+ energy)
33 During exercise, the muscle cells respire more than they do at rest. This means that: Oxygen and glucose must be delivered to them more quickly Waste carbon dioxide must be removed more quickly This is achieved by increasing: depth of breathing rate of breathing heart rate
34 Where is the genetic information in a cell? Inside each cell is a nucleus. Inside the human nucleus are 46 chromosomes (two sets of 23, one set from Mum, one set from Dad). Chromosomes are made from DNA. A section of DNA is called a gene.
35 Mitosis The genetic material is copied The cell divides once to form two genetically identical body cells Mitosis is used for growth or to replace cells.
36 Meiosis Forms gametes (sex cells). The cell divides twice to form four gametes. Each daughter cell contains half of the chromosomes of the original cell.
37 Stem Cells Unspecialised - they can become any type of cell in the human body. As the cells of an embryo divide (by mitosis) and the embryo develops, the cells become differentiated.
38 Stem cells can be used in new treatments for Parkinson's disease and paralysis. Can be harvested from inside embryos, umbilical cords and bone marrow. There are social and ethical issues concerning the use of human embryonic stem cells.
39 Plant cells Most plant cells stay unspecialised. They can differentiate all through their lives. Unspecialised cells are made at the stems and roots, where mitosis takes place almost constantly. This makes it very easy to clone plants.
40 Alleles Different forms of the same gene For example, eye colour
41 Determining sex Human body cells have 23 pairs of chromosomes in the nucleus. One of these pairs controls the inheritance of gender - whether offspring are male or female.
42 Dominant or Recessive? Alleles are dominant or recessive.
43 Show the possible genotypes produced when two organisms breed. Punnett Squares
44 Evolution 60 million years ago 1 million years ago Fossils are the remains of organisms which died thousands or millions of years ago. By looking at fossils, we can see that organisms have changed very slowly over time.
46 Fossils form if an organism does not decay because: little oxygen was present poisonous gases killed of decay causing organisms low temperature
47 Fossil Formation Trace or imprints are left behind by organisms. Isle of Wight, UK
48 Fossil Formation Hard parts of organism replaced by minerals. This is the most common type of fossil.
49 The fossil record is incomplete. Why? Early forms of life were soft bodied. Fossilisation requires very specific conditions. Many fossils are destroyed. Many fossils have not been found yet.
50 Evolution by Natural Selection Individuals in a species show a wide range of variation. This is because of differences in genes. Individuals most suited to the environment are more likely to survive and reproduce. The successful genes are then passed to the offspring in the next generation. Charles Darwin
51 Extinction What causes organisms to become extinct? Competition New predators New diseases Environmental changes
52 Why did the dinosaurs become extinct? Volcanoes Rocks formed by huge eruptions 65 million years ago can be found in India today. Meteorite Impact The remains of a 180km-wide crater caused by a meteorite 65 million years ago can be found near Mexico. Disease This theory doesn t explain why so many sea animals died at the same time.
Discover Biology 'N' Level Science Chapter 1 Chapter 1: The Science of Life A biologist studies all living things. In order to carry out the scientific method, we need to ask questions. Discover Biology
B2 Cells, Tissues and Organs 5 minutes 5 marks Page of 7 Q. The diagram shows a bacterium. On the drawing, name the structures labelled A, B, C and D. (Total 4 marks) Q2. (a) The diagrams show cells containing
B2 H Mock Exam October 204 B2. - B2.6 64 minutes 64 marks 5x 4x2 2x3 Page of 34 Q. The diagram shows a cell. (a) (i) Use words from the box to name the structures labelled A and B. cell membrane chloroplast
1. The diagram below represents a biological process 5. The chart below indicates the elements contained in four different molecules and the number of atoms of each element in those molecules. Which set
Version : 0/08/202 General Certificate of Secondary Education Additional Science 4408 / Biology 440 Unit Biology 2 Mark Scheme 202 examination June series Mark schemes are prepared by the Principal Examiner
The human body is composed of countless millions of units called cells. In an animal like a human there are many different types of cells, with different structures. They are specialised so that they can
BIO 137: CHAPTER 1 OBJECTIVES 1. Define the terms anatomy and physiology, and explain their relationship using an example of a human structure with its corresponding function. A. ANATOMY = the study of
Study Guide Cells Unit Test Matching. Write the letter of the correct response on the line. You may use the responses more than once. A. proteins B. simple carbohydrates C. complex carbohydrates D. lipids
CHAPTER 2 : CELL AS THE BASIC UNIT OF LIFE Parts of microscope : An instrument that magnifies minute objects so they can be seen easily. It is one of the most important tools of science. Physicians and
CHAPTER 7 CELL STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION 7.2 Cells: A Look Inside Imagine a factory that makes thousands of cookies a day. Ingredients come into the factory, get mixed and baked, then the cookies are packaged.
REVIEW for BIOLOGY UNIT TEST NOTE: The Unit Test will cover everything we have learned in the Biology Unit, starting from cell structures, cell division, various organ systems, disorders, organ donation,
Introduction to the Cell: Plant and Animal Cells Tissues, Organs, and Systems of Living Things Cells, Cell Division, and Animal Systems and Plant Systems Cell Specialization Human Systems All organisms
GCSE Science: Biology 2 Revision Book Content Cell Theory and Microscopy 2 Aerobic respiration 25 What are microbes and are there different types? 3 Anaerobic respiration 26 Comparing Micro-organisms 4
Study Island Cell Energy Keystone Review 1. Cells obtain energy by either capturing light energy through photosynthesis or by breaking down carbohydrates through cellular respiration. In both photosynthesis
Unit I: Introduction To Scientific Processes This unit is an introduction to the scientific process. This unit consists of a laboratory exercise where students go through the QPOE2 process step by step
Comparing Plant And Animal Cells http://khanacademy.org/video?v=hmwvj9x4gny Plant Cells shape - most plant cells are squarish or rectangular in shape. amyloplast (starch storage organelle)- an organelle
reflect The heart is an example of an organ. Think for a minute about your body. It s organized into parts that perform specific functions. For example, your heart functions to help transport materials
Throughout each unit, assessments are incorporated into lessons. These assessments are activities that occur within the context of each lesson providing the guidelines for assessing students' progress.
7 Answers to end-of-chapter questions Multiple choice questions 1 B 2 B 3 A 4 B 5 A 6 D 7 C 8 C 9 B 10 B Structured questions 11 a i Maintenance of a constant internal environment within set limits i Concentration
unit 1 The cell is the smallest unit capable of living an independent existence. Most cells contain a nucleus which controls the way they work; the only cells in the human body with no nuclei are the red
BTEC s own resources 3.1 Cells and cell function In this section: P1 How you are made Key terms Tissue a group of similar cells acting together to perform a particular function. Epithelial cells one of
Sub-Topics Include: 2.1 Cell structure 2.2 Transport across cell membranes 2.3 Producing new cells 2.4 DNA and the production of proteins 2.5 Proteins and enzymes 2.6 Genetic Engineering 2.7 Respiration
By Casey Schmidt and Wendy Ford Body systems Digestive System Circulatory System Respiratory System Excretory System Immune System Reproductive System Nervous System Muscular System Skeletal System Endocrine
FC01 CELLS s are tiny building blocks that make up all living things. s are so small that you need a microscope to see them. ANIMAL CELL PLANT CELL This is the control centre of the cell. It contains chromosomes
Master Curriculum Topic Study: Human Body Systems Session C Section I: Culminating Ideas for Adult Literacy 1. The fundamental building block of organisms is cells. a. Cells combine to form tissues, which
AP BIOLOGY CHAPTER 7 Cellular Respiration Outline I. How cells get energy. A. Cellular Respiration 1. Cellular respiration includes the various metabolic pathways that break down carbohydrates and other
Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Stored Energy What is Photosynthesis? plants convert the energy of sunlight into the energy in the chemical bonds of carbohydrates sugars and starches. SUMMARY EQUATION:
What You Absolutely Must Know to Pass the NYS Living Environment / Biology Regents UNIT ONE: Science of the Living Environment A. Terms: 1. Observation: What is seen or measured. 2. Inference: A conclusion
Do the Practice Exam under exam conditions. Time yourself! MULTIPLE CHOICE: 1. The substrate fits in the of an enzyme: (A) allosteric site (B) active site (C) reaction groove (D) Golgi body (E) inhibitor
AQA Level 1/2 Certificate in Science: Double Award Scheme of Work This scheme of work suggests possible teaching and learning activities for each section of the specification. There are far more activities
Name Period Date THE HUMAN BODY SYSTEMS System Function Diagram Major Organs Digestive 1. take in food (ingestion) 2. digest food into smaller molecules and absorb nutrients 3. remove undigestable food
Cellular Respiration Cellular Respiration Text, Diagrams, Assessments, and Link to Standards Focus Questions 1) What is cellular respiration? 2) How is cellular respiration connected to breathing? 3) If
1. An autotroph is an organism that a. extracts energy from organic sources b. converts energy from sunlight into chemical energy c. relies on the energy produced by other organisms as an energy source
Stem Cell Quick Guide: Stem Cell Basics What is a Stem Cell? Stem cells are the starting point from which the rest of the body grows. The adult human body is made up of hundreds of millions of different
Cell Structure & Function! Chapter 3! The most exciting phrase to hear in science, the one that heralds new discoveries, is not 'Eureka!' but 'That's funny.! -- Isaac Asimov Animal Cell Plant Cell Cell
Biology I Chapter 8/9 NOTEBOOK #1 Interest Grabber Suppose you earned extra money by having a part-time job. At first, you might be tempted to spend all of the money, but then you decide to open a bank
Concept 1 - Thinking Practice 1. If the following molecules were to undergo a dehydration synthesis reaction, what molecules would result? Circle the parts of each amino acid that will interact and draw
Discovering cells Living things are made of cells. Just as bricks and planks of wood are the building blocks for houses, cells are the building blocks of living things. Cells, although they are very small,
Elements in Cells The living substance of cells is made up of cytoplasm and the structures within it. About 96% of cytoplasm and its included structures are composed of the elements carbon, hydrogen, oxygen,
COMPARISON OF PLANT AND ANIMAL CELLS Cells vary widely in structure and function, even within the same organism. The human body, for example, has more than 200 different types of cells, each with a specialized
Bioenergetics Module A Anchor 3 Key Concepts: - ATP can easily release and store energy by breaking and re-forming the bonds between its phosphate groups. This characteristic of ATP makes it exceptionally
Biology Chapter 7 Practice Test Multiple Choice Write the letter that best answers the question or completes the statement on the line provided. 1. The work of Schleiden and Schwann can be summarized by
Cytology Overview Cell (1) This is the most basic unit of life inside of our bodies. ATP (2) Each of our cell s requires energy in order to carry out its day to day func>ons. This is the energy all cells
DNA, RNA, Protein Synthesis Keystone 1. During the process shown above, the two strands of one DNA molecule are unwound. Then, DNA polymerases add complementary nucleotides to each strand which results
CARIBBEAN EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL REPORT ON CANDIDATES WORK IN THE SECONDARY EDUCATION CERTIFICATE EXAMINATION JANUARY 2012 BIOLOGY GENERAL PROFICIENCY EXAMINATION Copyright 2012 Caribbean Examinations Council
4.1 Chemical Energy and ATP KEY CONCEPT All cells need chemical energy. 4.1 Chemical Energy and ATP Molecules in food store chemical energy in their bonds. Starch molecule Glucose molecule The chemical
1 Which one is a genetic disease in which a person's blood does not clot properly? sickle cell anaemia anaemia thalesshemia haemophilia colourblindness 5 Which one is related with red blood cells? destroy
RAD 223 Radiography physiology Lecture Notes First lecture: Cell and Tissue Physiology: the word physiology derived from a Greek word for study of nature. It is the study of how the body and its part work
Lesson 3: Blood glucose Inquiry Focus: How does the body deliver the energy in food to its parts? Student Learning Objectives: By the end of the lesson, students will be able to do the following: Describe
What are Cells? By: Byron Norelius About Cells A cell is the basic unit of life. All living organisms are composed of one (unicellular) or more (multicellular) cells. In unicellular organisms, like many
Topic 1.1 Why are cells important? Key Concepts Studying cells helps us understand how organisms function. Cellular organelles work together to carry out life functions. Cellular processes enable organisms
Biológia angol nyelven középszint 1121 ÉRETTSÉGI VIZSGA 2014. május 14. BIOLÓGIA ANGOL NYELVEN KÖZÉPSZINTŰ ÍRÁSBELI ÉRETTSÉGI VIZSGA JAVÍTÁSI-ÉRTÉKELÉSI ÚTMUTATÓ EMBERI ERŐFORRÁSOK MINISZTÉRIUMA Instructions
Note: For the past several years, I ve been puzzling how to integrate new discoveries on the nature of water movement through cell membranes into Chapter 7. The Section below is a draft of my first efforts
Anatomy and Physiology Warm up questions Fall 2013 QUESTION POSSIBLE ANSWERS : Chapter 1 Introduction and Regions Chapter 2 Chemistry I can name systems of the I can identify regions of the I can describe
The vital role of A This is the energy-rich compound that is the source of energy for all living things. It is a nucleotide, comprising a 5C sugar (ribose); an organic base (adenosine); and 3 phosphate
240Tutoring Life Science Study Material This information is a sample of the instructional content and practice questions found on the 240Tutoring GACE Early Childhood Education. This information is meant
Anatomy PHL 212 By Dr Tajdar Husain Khan Overview of Anatomy Anatomy(from the Greek word anatome,"dissection") is a branch of natural science dealing with the structural organization of living things The
Biology I Chapter 7 Interest Grabber NOTEBOOK #1 Are All Cells Alike? All living things are made up of cells. Some organisms are composed of only one cell. Other organisms are made up of many cells. 1.
6.1 Basic unit of life Biology Biology Structure & functions of 06 the plant & animal cell In 1665, Robert Hooke observed a section of a cork using a microscope prepared by him. He discovered a structure
I. Leaf Structure and Anatomy Anatomy and Physiology of Leaves A. Structural Features of the Leaf Question: How do plants respire? Plants must take in CO 2 from the atmosphere in order to photosynthesize.
PLANT CELLS AND ANIMAL CELLS General Science, Biology, Anatomy, Physiology Grades 6 12 OBJECTIVES CONTENT THINKING SKILL/PROCESS Students will learn the role of cells as building blocks of all living structures.
Look for these related items from Learning Resources : LER 1901 Cross Section Plant Cell LER 1902 Cross Section Heart Model LER 1903 Cross Section Brain Model LER 2437 Cross Section Earth Model For a dealer
Biology 1of 51 8-3 The Reactions of Photosynthesis 2of 51 Inside a Chloroplast Inside a Chloroplast In plants, photosynthesis takes place inside chloroplasts. Plant Chloroplast Plant cells 3of 51 Inside
CHAPTER 6: PHOTOSYNTHESIS CAPTURING & CONVERTING ENERGY 2 PROCESSES OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS Photosynthesis is actually 2 processes: light reactions - convert solar energy (sunlight) to chemical energy (ATP &
Biology 1406 Exam 2 - Metabolism Chs. 5, 6 and 7 energy - capacity to do work 5.10 kinetic energy - energy of motion : light, electrical, thermal, mechanical potential energy - energy of position or stored
Name: Questions on The Nervous System and Gas Exchange Directions: The following questions are taken from previous IB Final Papers on Topics 6.4 (Gas Exchange) and 6.5 (Nerves, hormones and homeostasis).
Metabolism Poster Questions Answer the following questions concerning respiration. 1. Consider the mitochondrial electron transport chain. a. How many hydrogen ions can be pumped for every NADH? b. How
Genetics Test Biology I Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Avery s experiments showed that bacteria are transformed by a. RNA. c. proteins.
Worksheet 13.1 Chapter 13: Human biochemistry glossary α-helix Refers to a secondary structure of a protein where the chain is twisted to form a regular helix, held by hydrogen bonds between peptide bonds
7. Why do leaves turn color in the fall? 8. How are photosystems I and II different? How are they related? 9. What is the source of energy for dark reactions? 10. Describe the C3 cycle. 11. What is the
1. Why is the white-eye phenotype always observed in males carrying the white-eye allele? a. Because the trait is dominant b. Because the trait is recessive c. Because the allele is located on the X chromosome
BioBoot Camp Genetics BIO.B.1.2.1 Describe how the process of DNA replication results in the transmission and/or conservation of genetic information DNA Replication is the process of DNA being copied before
STATE UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK COLLEGE OF TECHNOLOGY CANTON, NEW YORK COURSE OUTLINE BIOL 101 Introduction to Biology Prepared By: W. David Barnes SCHOOL OF SCIENCE, HEALTH & PROFESSIONAL STUDIES SCIENCE
tem ells /background /information Stem cell research Copyright 2007 MRC Centre for Regenerative Medicine, Institute for Stem Cell Research /02 /information Table of contents Page 01. What are stem cells?
Photosynthesis Practice Fill in the blanks. Name Date Period 1. Molecules that collect light energy are called _P. 2. Chlorophyll a and b absorb _B -_V and _R wavelengths of light best. 3. _C is the main
HASPI Medical Life Science Core Labs Summary As funding is available, many of the supplies needed to implement the following labs will available for purchase through HASPI. Visit www.haspi.org for updates,
ISTEP+: Biology I End-of-Course Assessment Released Items and Scoring Notes Page 1 of 22 Introduction Indiana students enrolled in Biology I participated in the ISTEP+: Biology I Graduation Examination
Photosynthesis is the process through which plants convert light energy to chemical energy in order to produce food The energy involved in photosynthesis is eventually stored in the chemical bonds of molecules
Cell Structure and Function Eukaryotic Cell: Neuron Cell Structure and Function Eukaryotic Cells: Blood Cells Cell Structure and Function Prokaryotic Cells: Bacteria Cell Structure and Function All living
Phases of aerobic cellular respiration 1. Glycolysis 2. Transition or Acetyl-CoA reaction 3. Krebs cycle 4. Electron transport system Chapter 7 Cellular Respiration These phases are nothing more than metabolic
Name: KEY Period: Chloroplasts and Mitochondria Plant cells and some Algae contain an organelle called the chloroplast. The chloroplast allows plants to harvest energy from sunlight to carry on a process
AP BIOLOGY 2012 SCORING GUIDELINES Question 1 Note: At least 1 point must be earned from each of parts (a), (b), (c), and (d) in order to earn a maximum score of 10. The ability to reproduce is a characteristic
CHAPTER 3 THE CHEMISTRY OF ORGANIC MOLECULES 3.1 Organic Molecules The chemistry of carbon accounts for the diversity of organic molecules found in living things. Carbon has six electrons, four of which
Stem Cells Part 1: What is a Stem Cell? Stem cells differ from other kinds of cells in the body. When a stem cell divides by mitosis, each new cell has the potential to either remain a stem cell or become
Advanced Subsidiary GCE Biology Unit F214 - Communication, Homeostasis and Energy - High banded OCR has produced these candidate style answers to support teachers in interpreting the assessment criteria
5 Training Objectives:! Knowledge of the most important function of nutrients! Description of both, mechanism and function of gluconeogenesis! Knowledge of the difference between essential and conditionally
NUTRIENTS: THEIR INTERACTIONS TEACHER S GUIDE INTRODUCTION This Teacher s Guide provides information to help you get the most out of Nutrients: Their Interactions. The contents in this guide will allow
Overview... 1 What is the Outreach Program?... 1 Concepts... 2 Objectives... 3 Arizona Science Standards... 3 College and Career Ready ELA Standards... 4 Next Generation Science Standards... 4 Learning