1 DNA, RNA, Protein Synthesis Keystone 1. During the process shown above, the two strands of one DNA molecule are unwound. Then, DNA polymerases add complementary nucleotides to each strand which results in the formation of two identical DNA molecules. This process is known as DNA. A. translation B. replication C. cloning D. transcription 2. When a molecule of double-stranded DNA undergoes replication, it results in A. two double-stranded DNA molecules, each composed of one new and one old strand. B. one double-stranded DNA molecule composed only of entirely new strands. C. three double-stranded DNA molecules, each composed of sections of old and new strands. D. four double-stranded DNA molecules, each composed only of old strands of DNA. 3. Which of the following correctly organizes genetic material from the broadest category to the most specific category? A. genome chromosome gene DNA molecule B. genome DNA molecule chromosome gene C. genome chromosome DNA molecule gene D. gene chromosome DNA molecule genome
2 4. How is the nucleus involved in the production of enzymes? The nucleus translates the ribosomal RNA for the enzymes to be synthesized in mitochondria. A. The nucleus is involved in the packaging and transportation of enzymes outside of the cell. B. The nucleus receives the messenger RNA and is the site where enzymes are synthesized. C. The nucleus transcribes and releases messenger RNA signaling for the enzymes to be synthesized. D. 5. A diagram demonstrating the process of protein translation is shown below. The structure labeled with a question mark in the diagram represents A. a chloroplast. B. a ribosome. C. a mitochondrion. D. a vacuole. 6. The sequence of bases on one strand of a DNA molecule is ATTGCCCATG. What will be the sequence on the complementary strand? A. ATTGCCCATG B. GCCATTTGCA C. TAACGGGTAC D. CGGTAAACGT
3 7. The nucleotide of DNA is one large molecule composed of three smaller molecules. Which of the following sets of molecules bond together to form a nucleotide? A. deoxyribose, a nitrogen base, a phosphate group B. a purine, a pyrimidine, and a five-carbon sugar C. adenine, thymine, and cytosine D. a nitrogen atom, a phosphate atom, and a five-carbon sugar 8. From the list below, select the items that are used during RNA translation. A. I, III, and IV only B. III and IV only C. II, III, and IV only D. I, II, III, and IV I. mrna II. trna III. ribosome IV. amino acid 9. After the process of occurs, each daughter cell receives an exact copy of the parent cell's DNA. A. DNA transcription B. DNA elongation C. DNA translation D. DNA replication 10. Which choice below correctly summarizes the base-pairing rules in DNA? A. B. C. D. A-G C-T A-U C-G A-T C-G A-C T-G
4 11. Which of the following cellular materials is solely composed of DNA and proteins? A. chromosomes B. Golgi complex C. mitochondria D. ribosomes 12. Which of the following is a true statement about codons? A. A codon is a sequence of four nitrogenous bases. B. In translation, an mrna codon is recognized by its complementary amino acid. C. A codon is a sequence of three amino acids. D. In translation, an mrna codon is recognized by its complementary trna. 13. Which of the following is the term for one possible form of the gene for a particular trait? A. sex-linked trait B. autosomal trait C. codon D. allele 14. Cells store genetic information in DNA. That genetic information is used to synthesize. A. genes B. polysaccharides C. carbohydrates D. proteins 15. Which of the following correctly describes the components of DNA? A. B. DNA is made up of nucleotides consisting of the sugar deoxyribose, a phosphate, and one of four nitrogenous bases. DNA is made up of proteins consisting of the sugar deoxyribose, a phosphate, and one of four nitrogenous bases. C. DNA is made up of proteins consisting of the sugar ribose, a carbon ring, and one of four
5 D. phosphorus bases. DNA is made up of nucleotides consisting of the sugar ribose, a carbon ring, and one of four phosphorus bases. 16. Integral membrane proteins, such as transport proteins, are permanently attached to cellular membranes. After integral membrane proteins are synthesized, which organelle would aid in transporting them to their final destination? A. mitochondrion B. endoplasmic reticulum C. plasma membrane D. chloroplast 17. DNA contains instructions for making the different molecules, such as proteins, that the cell needs for growth and function. To use these instructions, the DNA must first be into. A. transcribed; amino acids B. translated; amino acids C. translated; mrna D. transcribed, mrna 18. The DNA of a cell is organized into structures. What are these structures called? A. nuclei B. mitochondria C. vacuoles D. chromosomes 19. The picture below shows the process of transcription.
6 During transcription, enzymes bind to a molecule of DNA. Then, the enzymes unwind and separate the DNA's double helical strands. As the molecule unwinds, complementary nucleotides pair with one of the DNA strands to form A. a DNA polymerase. B. an RNA molecule. C. an identical strand of DNA. D. a protein molecule. 20. Which of the following best describes the product of DNA transcription? A. a DNA molecule B. a chromosome C. an RNA molecule D. a protein 21. What is a gene? A. a set of instructions in the DNA sequence of an organism B. a characteristic of any organism C. a sex cell that aids in organism reproduction D. any single amino acid in a multicellular organism 22. In eukaryotic organisms, DNA transcription occurs in the of a cell. A. mitochondria B. cytoplasm C. nucleus D. ribosome
7 23. The genetic information that is passed from a parent to its offspring is found in. A. hydrogen bonds B. amino acids C. DNA molecules D. carbon atoms 24. Which of the following best describes the product of RNA translation? A. a DNA molecule B. a chromosome C. a protein D. an RNA molecule 25. Which of the following is true regarding the process shown above? The process shown above is known as replication and involves the production of DNA from RNA. A. B. C. D. The process shown above is known as transcription and involves the production of proteins from DNA. The process shown above is known as cloning and involves the production of RNA from protein molecules. The process shown above is known as translation and involves the production of proteins from RNA.
8 26. Proteins play a variety of roles within cells, but there are many steps that must be undertaken to make these proteins and deliver them to where they need to go. The above picture implies that no organelles are necessary for the synthesis and transportation of proteins. A. organelles must interact with each other to synthesize and transport proteins. B. only the organelles shown in the picture are important to cells. C. organelles act independently when synthesizing and transporting proteins. D. 27. Hemoglobin is a protein containing iron, which is involved with oxygen transport in the blood. In which organelle would this protein be sorted? A. mitochondrion B. lysosome C. nucleus D. Golgi apparatus 28. A nucleotide is about to be added to a growing strand of DNA. What factor determines which type of nucleotide will be added? A. base-pairing rules B. the length of the DNA strand C. random chance D. the type of cell in which replication is taking place
9 29. All cells contain DNA, which provides information for the cells to make A. different kinds of proteins. B. new types of organisms. C. different kinds of DNA. D. new types of genes. 30. How are complementary strands of DNA held together? A. with hydrogen bonds connecting complementary sugars B. with phosphodiester bonds connecting sugars and phosphate groups C. with ionic bonds between sugars and phosphate groups D. with hydrogen bonds connecting complementary bases
10 Answers 1. B 2. A 3. C 4. D 5. B 6. C 7. A 8. D 9. D 10. C 11. A 12. D 13. D 14. D 15. A 16. B 17. D 18. D 19. B 20. C 21. A 22. C 23. C 24. C 25. D 26. B 27. D 28. A 29. A 30. D Explanations 1. The process of DNA replication begins with one double-stranded molecule of DNA. The two strands of this molecule separate during replication, and DNA polymerases add complementary nucleotides to each strand. The end results of DNA replication are two identical DNA molecules. 2. When a molecule of double-stranded DNA undergoes replication, it results in two double-stranded DNA molecules, each composed of one new and one old strand. This is known as semi-conservative replication, and the process is shown below.
11 3. From the broadest category to the most specific category, genetic information is organized as follows: genome chromosome DNA molecule gene The genome of an organism refers to its complete genetic makeup and includes the organism's entire set of chromosomes. Chromosomes are single pieces of DNA, along with the proteins that package and control their functions. DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) is a type of nucleic acid that carries all the instructions for the characteristics of an organism. Genes are specific segments of DNA that influence a particular trait or group of traits. 4. The nucleus serves as the control center for the cell. It houses the DNA, which contains the directions for making all of the proteins needed for life functions. The nucleus transcribes messenger RNA from DNA and releases it, signaling for the enzymes to be synthesized. 5. Ribosomes are RNA and protein complexes that are found in all cells. These complexes help cells during protein translation by joining amino acids together to form polypeptides. 6. According to the base-pairings rules, adenine (A) always forms bonds with thymine (T), and cytosine (C) always forms bonds with guanine (G). 7. Each nucleotide is made of a phosphate group, deoxyribose, and a nitrogen base. Deoxyribose is a fivecarbon sugar. The only portion of the nucleotide that can vary is the nitrogen base. DNA has four types of nitrogen bases: adenine, thymine, cytosine, and guanine. Adenine and Guanine are purines, or nitrogen bases made of two rings of carbon and nitrogen atoms. Thymine and cytosine are pyrimidines, or nitrogen bases made of a single ring of carbon and nitrogen atoms. 8. The key items involved in RNA translation are: mrna - a transcript of DNA which serves as instructions for polypeptide formation. amino acid - a single building block of a protein.
12 trna - a molecule that carries a specific amino acid and recognizes its complementary base sequence on an mrna strand. ribosome - an organelle which serves as the "factory" where amino acids are added to a growing polypeptide chain. 9. After the process of DNA replication occurs, each daughter cell receives an exact copy of the parent cell's DNA. During DNA replication, the parent cell's double-stranded DNA molecule separates into two single strands. Then, a new strand of DNA is made that corresponds to each old strand. This leaves two doublestranded DNA molecules, each with half of the original molecule. 10. The base-pairing rules that govern the binding of complementary DNA strands are shown below. Adenine (A) pairs with thymine (T). Cytosine (C) pairs with guanine (G). 11. While mitochondria contain genetic material, chromosomes are the only objects in a cell that are composed solely of DNA and proteins. Genetic information is stored in genes on the chromosomes, which, in turn, are located in a cell's nucleus. 12. Transfer RNA (trna) is a molecule that carries a specific amino acid and recognizes its complementary base sequence on an mrna strand. 13. An allele is one possible form of the gene for a particular trait in a given population. Humans have two alleles for each trait. These alleles can be dominant or recessive. Dominant alleles are always expressed in the phenotype (traits) of organisms that have either one or two copies of the allele. Recessive alleles are expressed only in organisms that have two copies of the recessive allele. 14. The genetic information stored in cells is used to synthesize proteins. During protein synthesis, DNA is first replicated to form other copies of DNA. Then, it is transcribed to form strands of RNA. Finally, the RNA is translated into proteins which help the body to perform numerous functions. 15. DNA is made up of nucleotides consisting of the sugar deoxyribose, a phosphate, and one of four nitrogenous bases. The four nitrogenous bases include adenine, cytosine, guanine, and thymine. The sequence of the nucleotides within DNA provides the instructions needed to construct proteins. 16. The endoplasmic reticulum aids in the transportation of proteins, including integral membrane proteins. The Golgi apparatus and endoplasmic reticulum work closely together in the total process of modifying, packaging, and transporting proteins.
13 17. DNA contains instructions for making the different molecules, such as proteins, that the cell needs for growth and function. To use these instructions, the DNA must first be transcribed into mrna. Then the mrna is translated into proteins. 18. In simple cells like bacteria, DNA exists as a long molecule. But in more complex cells, the DNA exists in numerous different segments. These segments of DNA, along with their associated proteins, form compact structures called chromosomes. Genetic information is stored in genes on the chromosomes, which, in turn, are located in a cell's nucleus. 19. During transcription, enzymes bind to a molecule of DNA. Then, the enzymes unwind and separate the DNA's double helical strands. As the molecule unwinds, complementary RNA nucleotides temporarily pair with the nucleotides on one of the DNA strands to form an RNA molecule. Once base pairing is complete, the new RNA molecule (mrna) breaks away from the DNA strands, and the DNA strands reattach to each other. RNA is very similar to DNA, except RNA contains the nitrogenous base uracil (U) rather than thymine (T), which is present in DNA. 20. In DNA transcription, a segment of DNA is copied, or "transcribed," to a complementary strand of messenger RNA. This mrna strand contains a copy of the information in its specified DNA segment. It then moves from the nucleus to the cytosol where translation takes place. 21. A gene is a set of instructions in the DNA sequence of an organism. Genes are located in the chromosomes of each cell and specify the sequence of amino acids in an organism's polypeptides. Most organisms have two genes for each trait, one on each of the homologous chromosomes in a cell's nucleus. 22. In eukaryotic organisms, each cell's DNA is held in the nucleus. Since transcription involves the copying of DNA, it takes place in the nucleus. The resulting mrna strand then moves from the nucleus to the cytosol where translation takes place. 23. The genetic information that is passed from a parent to its offspring is found in DNA molecules. DNA contains genes, which, in turn, contain information such as hair color, eye color, and health factors. Genes code for the production of proteins that allow different traits to be expressed. 24. In translation, an mrna transcript is used as the instructions to link amino acids together in a specific sequence. The amino acid sequence is called a polypeptide chain, which eventually builds into a protein. 25. The process shown in the diagram is known as translation, and it involves the production of proteins from RNA. A codon is a series of three nucleotides that correspond to a specific amino acid. During the process of translation, a codon on an mrna molecule attaches to a ribosome. Then, the matching trna molecule (anticodon) carries the appropriate amino acid to the ribosome where it is linked to other amino acids via peptide bonds. Once an amino acid is attached, the ribosome slides to the next codon on the mrna molecule and repeats the process.
14 The chain of amino acids continues to grow until the ribosome reaches a stop codon on the mrna strand. The stop codon signals that no more amino acids should be added, and the protein is complete. 26. Organelles must interact with each other chemically and physically when carrying out an organism's life processes. For example, during protein synthesis: DNA is transcribed in the nucleus into mrna. The mrna travels into the cytoplasm, attaches to ribosomes, and is translated into a protein. The protein is pushed into the ER (endoplasmic reticulum) where it is stored for later use or packaged into vesicles. These vesicles can then be transported to the cell membrane and exported or to the Golgi apparatus where a more complex molecule may be formed. These complex molecules can then be repackaged into vesicles and transported to the cell membrane for export. 27. The Golgi apparatus is involved in the sorting of proteins. The Golgi apparatus also plays a significant role in modifying and packaging other macromolecules in the cell. 28. The type of nucleotide that is added to a growing strand of DNA is determined by base-pairing rules. These base-pairing rules are listed below. Adenine (A) pairs with thymine (T). Cytosine (C) pairs with guanine (G). 29. All cells contain DNA, which provides information for the cells to make different kinds of proteins. The proteins made by DNA have many jobs, such as acting as enzymes, storage, transport, and defense against diseases. 30. Complementary DNA strands are held together with hydrogen bonds connecting complementary nitrogenous bases. Adenine binds with thymine, and cytosine binds with guanine.
PART A: MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS PRACTICE TEST QUESTIONS DNA & PROTEIN SYNTHESIS B 1. One of the functions of DNA is to A. secrete vacuoles. B. make copies of itself. C. join amino acids to each other.
DNA Replication & Protein Synthesis This isn t a baaaaaaaddd chapter!!! The Discovery of DNA s Structure Watson and Crick s discovery of DNA s structure was based on almost fifty years of research by other
Lab #5: DNA, RNA & Protein Synthesis Heredity & Human Affairs (Biology 1605) Spring 2012 DNA Stands for : Deoxyribonucleic Acid Double-stranded helix Made up of nucleotides Each nucleotide= 1. 5-carbon
Transcription and Translation of DNA Genotype our genetic constitution ( makeup) is determined (controlled) by the sequence of bases in its genes Phenotype determined by the proteins synthesised when genes
Genetics Module B, Anchor 3 Key Concepts: - An individual s characteristics are determines by factors that are passed from one parental generation to the next. - During gamete formation, the alleles for
Chem 121 Chapter 22. Nucleic Acids 1. Any given nucleotide in a nucleic acid contains A) two bases and a sugar. B) one sugar, two bases and one phosphate. C) two sugars and one phosphate. D) one sugar,
DNA, RNA, Protein synthesis, and Mutations Chapters 12-13.3 1A)Identify the components of DNA and explain its role in heredity. DNA s Role in heredity: Contains the genetic information of a cell that can
RNA & Protein Synthesis Genes send messages to cellular machinery RNA Plays a major role in process Process has three phases (Genetic) Transcription (Genetic) Translation Protein Synthesis RNA Synthesis
ISTEP+: Biology I End-of-Course Assessment Released Items and Scoring Notes Page 1 of 22 Introduction Indiana students enrolled in Biology I participated in the ISTEP+: Biology I Graduation Examination
Protein Synthesis Protein synthesis is simply the "making of proteins." Although the term itself is easy to understand, the multiple steps that a cell in a plant or animal must go through are not. In order
Name: 1) Which series is arranged in correct order according to decreasing size of structures? A) DNA, nucleus, chromosome, nucleotide, nitrogenous base B) chromosome, nucleus, nitrogenous base, nucleotide,
13.2 Ribosomes & Protein Synthesis Introduction: *A specific sequence of bases in DNA carries the directions for forming a polypeptide, a chain of amino acids (there are 20 different types of amino acid).
Protein Synthesis Protein Synthesis How Genes Become Constituent Molecules Mendel and The Idea of Gene What is a Chromosome? A chromosome is a molecule of DNA 50% 50% 1. True 2. False True False Protein
Genetics Test Biology I Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Avery s experiments showed that bacteria are transformed by a. RNA. c. proteins.
Provincial Exam Questions Unit: Cell Biology: Protein Synthesis (B7 & B8) 2010 Jan 3. Describe the process of translation. (4 marks) 2009 Sample 8. What is the role of ribosomes in protein synthesis? A.
Answer: 2. Uracil Adenine, Cytosine and Guanine are found in both RNA and DNA. Thymine is found only in DNA; Uracil takes its (Thymine) place in RNA molecules. Answer: 2. hydrogen bonds The complementary
2007 7.013 Problem Set 1 KEY Due before 5 PM on FRIDAY, February 16, 2007. Turn answers in to the box outside of 68-120. PLEASE WRITE YOUR ANSWERS ON THIS PRINTOUT. 1. Where in a eukaryotic cell do you
Nucleotides and Nucleic Acids Brief History 1 1869 - Miescher Isolated nuclein from soiled bandages 1902 - Garrod Studied rare genetic disorder: Alkaptonuria; concluded that specific gene is associated
Cell Structure and Organization 1. All living things must possess certain characteristics. They are all composed of one or more cells. They can grow, reproduce, and pass their genes on to their offspring.
Cellular Respiration Worksheet 1 1. What are the 3 phases of the cellular respiration process? Glycolysis, Krebs Cycle, Electron Transport Chain. 2. Where in the cell does the glycolysis part of cellular
Biological Sciences Initiative HHMI DNA omponents and Structure Introduction Nucleic acids are molecules that are essential to, and characteristic of, life on Earth. There are two basic types of nucleic
Chapter 11: Molecular Structure of DNA and RNA Student Learning Objectives Upon completion of this chapter you should be able to: 1. Understand the major experiments that led to the discovery of DNA as
1 DNA Coloring - Transcription & Translation Transcription RNA, Ribonucleic Acid is very similar to DNA. RNA normally exists as a single strand (and not the double stranded double helix of DNA). It contains
v vi vii viii ix 1 2 for high school students. For this, research needed to be done to to find a popular and engaging style of animation for this age group. The third step was to design the animation so
DNA Replication DNA Discovery of the DNA double helix A. 1950 s B. Rosalind Franklin - X-ray photo of DNA. C. Watson and Crick - described the DNA molecule from Franklin s X-ray. What is DNA? Question:
OBJECTIVES: 1. Compare and contrast the major divisions of metabolism, in terms of a general descriptive sentence, additional descriptive terms, how energy is involved, whether bonds or formed or broken,
Translation Study Guide This study guide is a written version of the material you have seen presented in the replication unit. In translation, the cell uses the genetic information contained in mrna to
CHAPTER 3 THE CHEMISTRY OF ORGANIC MOLECULES 3.1 Organic Molecules The chemistry of carbon accounts for the diversity of organic molecules found in living things. Carbon has six electrons, four of which
Name Student # Ms. Campbell Protein Synthesis Practice Questions Regents L.E. 1. A sequence of three nitrogenous bases in a messenger-rna molecule is known as a 1) codon 2) gene 3) polypeptide 4) nucleotide
Name lass Date RN and Protein Synthesis Information and Heredity Q: How does information fl ow from DN to RN to direct the synthesis of proteins? 13.1 What is RN? WHT I KNOW SMPLE NSWER: RN is a nucleic
Nucleus Control center of the cell contains the genetic library encoded in the sequences of nucleotides in molecules of DNA code for the amino acid sequences of all proteins determines which specific proteins
the nature and importance of biomacromolecules in the chemistry of the cell: synthesis of biomacromolecules through the condensation reaction lipids and their sub-units; the role of lipids in the plasma
Thursday 8th March COPY LO: To be able to describe polypeptide synthesis including transcription and splicing Starter Explain the difference between transcription and translation BATS Describe and explain
12.1 The Role of DNA in Heredity Only in the last 50 years have scientists understood the role of DNA in heredity. That understanding began with the discovery of DNA s structure. In 1952, Rosalind Franklin
Lecture 26: Overview of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA) structure Nucleic acids play an important role in the storage and expression of genetic information. They are divided into
MCAS Biology Review Packet 1 Name Class Date 1. Define organic. THE CHEMISTRY OF LIFE 2. All living things are made up of 6 essential elements: SPONCH. Name the six elements of life. S N P C O H 3. Elements
Review Packet- Modern Genetics Name 1. Base your answer to the following question on The type of molecule represented below is found in organisms. 3. The diagram below represents a structure found in most
Honors Biology Practice Questions #1 1. Donkeys have 68 chromosomes in each body cell. If a donkey cell undergoes meiosis, how many chromosomes should be in each gamete? A. 18 B. 34 C. 68 D. 132 2. A sperm
BCOR 011, Exam 3 Name KEY Section Multiple Choice: Select the best possible answer. 1. A parent cell divides to form two genetically identical daughter cells in the nuclear process of mitosis. For mitosis
The Molecules of Cells I. Introduction A. Most of the world s population cannot digest milk-based foods. 1. These people are lactose intolerant because they lack the enzyme lactase. 2. This illustrates
1. True or False? A typical chromosome can contain several hundred to several thousand genes, arranged in linear order along the DNA molecule present in the chromosome. True 2. True or False? The sequence
Chapter 5 The Structure and Function of Macromolecule s Most Macromolecules are polymers: Polymer: (poly: many; mer: part) Large molecules consisting of many identical or similar subunits connected together.
Skills Practice Lab Modeling DNA Replication and Protein Synthesis OBJECTIVES Construct and analyze a model of DNA. Use a model to simulate the process of replication. Use a model to simulate the process
Protein Trafficking/Targeting (8.1) Lecture 8 Protein Trafficking/Targeting Protein targeting is necessary for proteins that are destined to work outside the cytoplasm. Protein targeting is more complex
Cell Processes and Energy Name Date Class Cell Processes and Energy Guided Reading and Study Cell Division This section explains how cells grow and divide. Use Target Reading Skills As you read, make a
Basic Concepts of DNA, Proteins, Genes and Genomes Kun-Mao Chao 1,2,3 1 Graduate Institute of Biomedical Electronics and Bioinformatics 2 Department of Computer Science and Information Engineering 3 Graduate
CHAPTER 2 STRUCTURES OF NUCLEIC ACIDS What is the chemical structure of a deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) molecule? DNA is a polymer of deoxyribonucleotides. All nucleic acids consist of nucleotides as building
BioBoot Camp Genetics BIO.B.1.2.1 Describe how the process of DNA replication results in the transmission and/or conservation of genetic information DNA Replication is the process of DNA being copied before
Chapter 4 Cellular Metabolism Metabolic processes all chemical reactions that occur in the body Two types of metabolic reactions Anabolism larger molecules are made requires energy Catabolism larger molecules
Biology Chapter 7 Practice Test Multiple Choice Write the letter that best answers the question or completes the statement on the line provided. 1. The work of Schleiden and Schwann can be summarized by
CELLS: PLANT CELLS 20 FEBRUARY 2013 Lesson Description In this lesson we will discuss the following: The Cell Theory Terminology Parts of Plant Cells: Organelles Difference between plant and animal cells
DNA, RNA, replication, translation, and transcription Overview Recall the central dogma of biology: DNA (genetic information in genes) RNA (copies of genes) proteins (functional molecules) DNA structure
Comparing Plant And Animal Cells http://khanacademy.org/video?v=hmwvj9x4gny Plant Cells shape - most plant cells are squarish or rectangular in shape. amyloplast (starch storage organelle)- an organelle
Biology Final Exam Study Guide: Semester 2 Questions 1. Scientific method: What does each of these entail? Investigation and Experimentation Problem Hypothesis Methods Results/Data Discussion/Conclusion
Introduction to the Cell: Plant and Animal Cells Tissues, Organs, and Systems of Living Things Cells, Cell Division, and Animal Systems and Plant Systems Cell Specialization Human Systems All organisms
Study Island Cell Energy Keystone Review 1. Cells obtain energy by either capturing light energy through photosynthesis or by breaking down carbohydrates through cellular respiration. In both photosynthesis
Bio 102 Practice Problems Genetic Code and Mutation Multiple choice: Unless otherwise directed, circle the one best answer: 1. Beadle and Tatum mutagenized Neurospora to find strains that required arginine
BIOLOGICAL MOLECULES OF LIFE C A R B O H Y D R A T E S, L I P I D S, P R O T E I N S, A N D N U C L E I C A C I D S The Academic Support Center @ Daytona State College (Science 115, Page 1 of 29) Carbon
Name: Date: 1. Which part of the cell provides energy through the process of cellular respiration? A. cell wall B. cytoplasm C. mitochondrion D. cell membrane 2. All cells must have a A. cell membrane.
K.Muma Bio 6 Appendix C DNA Replication & Mitosis Study Objectives: Appendix C: DNA replication and Mitosis 1. Describe the structure of DNA and where it is found. 2. Explain complimentary base pairing:
Forensic DNA Testing Terminology ABI 310 Genetic Analyzer a capillary electrophoresis instrument used by forensic DNA laboratories to separate short tandem repeat (STR) loci on the basis of their size.
Cell Structure & Function! Chapter 3! The most exciting phrase to hear in science, the one that heralds new discoveries, is not 'Eureka!' but 'That's funny.! -- Isaac Asimov Animal Cell Plant Cell Cell
Replication Study Guide This study guide is a written version of the material you have seen presented in the replication unit. Self-reproduction is a function of life that human-engineered systems have
KNEX DNA Models Introduction Page 1 of 11 All photos by Kevin Kelliher. To download an Acrobat pdf version of this website Click here. K'NEX DNA Models Developed by Dr. Gary Benson Department of Biomathematical
Bio 100 Molecules of cells 1 Chapter 3 Molecules of Cells Compounds containing carbon are called organic compounds Molecules such as methane that are only composed of carbon and hydrogen are called hydrocarbons
Purpose To consolidate understanding of protein synthesis. To explain the role of transcription factors and hormones in switching genes on and off. Play the transcription initiation complex game Regulation
Elements in Cells The living substance of cells is made up of cytoplasm and the structures within it. About 96% of cytoplasm and its included structures are composed of the elements carbon, hydrogen, oxygen,
Biol 205 Exam 1 TEST FORM A Spring 2008 NAME Fill out both sides of the Scantron Sheet. On Side 2 be sure to indicate that you have TEST FORM A The answers to Part I should be placed on the SCANTRON SHEET.
AS Unit 1: Basic Biochemistry and Cell Organisation Name: Date: Topic 1.5 Nucleic Acids and their functions Page 3 l. DNA Replication 1. Go through PowerPoint 2. Read notes p2 and then watch the animation
Name lass Date hapter 12 DN and RN hapter Test Multiple hoice Write the letter that best answers the question or completes the statement on the line provided. Pearson Education, Inc. ll rights reserved.
Alison Stewart 11/12/06 Prokaryotic Cells, Eukaryotic cells and HIV: Structures, Transcription and Transport Section Handout Discussion Week #7 Compare and contrast the organization of eukaryotic, prokaryotic
Organelle Speed Dating Game Instructions and answers for teachers These instructions should accompany the OCR resources GCSE (9 1) Combined Science 21 st Century Science B Organelle Speed Dating Game learner
Eukaryotic Cell Structure Section 7-3 p.179-187 Group work vs. Cell Parts? Plasma membrane Cell wall Cellular Boundaries Fairly rigid structure located outside the plasma membrane that provides additional
Name: ate: 1. Which structure is outside the nucleus of a cell and contains N?. chromosome. gene. mitochondrion. vacuole 2. potato core was placed in a beaker of water as shown in the figure below. Which
Name Period Concept 5.1 Macromolecules are polymers, built from monomers 1. The large molecules of all living things fall into just four main classes. Name them. 2. Circle the three classes that are called
DNA Based on and adapted from the Genetic Science Learning Center s How to Extract DNA from Any Living Thing (http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/units/activities/extraction/) and BioRad s Genes in a bottle
Translation Translation: Assembly of polypeptides on a ribosome Living cells devote more energy to the synthesis of proteins than to any other aspect of metabolism. About a third of the dry mass of a cell