# Use the graph shown to determine whether each system is consistent or inconsistent and if it is independent or dependent.

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1 Use the graph shown to determine whether each system is consistent or inconsistent and if it is independent or dependent. y = 3x + 1 y = 3x + 1 The two equations intersect at exactly one point, so they are consistent and independent. y = 3x + 1 y =x 3 The two equations intersect at exactly one point, so they are consistent and independent. y =x 3 y =x+3 These two equations do not intersect, so they are inconsistent. y =x+3 x y= 3 Rearrange the first equation into slope intercept form to determine which line it is. The two equations are the same and so intersect in an infinite amount of points. Therefore, they are consistent and dependent. x y= 3 y = 3x + 1 Rearrange the first equation into slope intercept form to determine which line it is. Page 1

2 6-1 Graphing Systemsare of the Equations The two equations same and so intersect in an infinite amount of points. Therefore, they are consistent and dependent. x y= 3 y = 3x + 1 Rearrange the first equation into slope intercept form to determine which line it is. The two equations intersect at exactly one point, so they are consistent and independent. y = 3x + 1 y =x 3 The two equations intersect at exactly one point, so they are consistent and independent. Graph each system and determine the number of solutions that it has. If it has one solution, name it. y =x+4 y= x 4 The graphs intersect at one point, so there is one solution. The lines intersect at ( 4, 0). y =x+3 y = 2x + 4 Page 2

3 6-1 Graphing The graphssystems intersectof at Equations one point, so there is one solution. The lines intersect at ( 4, 0). y =x+3 y = 2x + 4 The graphs intersect at one point, so there is one solution. The lines intersect at ( 1, 2). Write an equation to represent the pages each boy has read. Graph each equation. How long will it be before Alberto has read more pages than Ashanti? Check and interpret your solution. Let y represent the number of pages read and let x represent the number of days. Alberto: y = 20x + 35; Ashanti: y = 10x + 85 b. The solution is (5, 135). To check this answer, enter it into both equations. Page 3

4 Let y represent the number of pages read and let x represent the number of days. Alberto: y = 20x + 35; Ashanti: y = 10x Graphing Systems of Equations b. The solution is (5, 135). To check this answer, enter it into both equations. So, it is a solution for the first equation. Now check the second equation. So it is a solution for the second equation. Alberto will have read more pages than Ashanti after 5 days. Use the graph shown to determine whether each system is consistent or inconsistent and if it is independent or dependent. y =6 y = 3x + 4 The two equations intersect at exactly one point, so they are consistent and independent. y = 3x + 4 Page 4

5 6-1 Graphing Systems So it is a solution foroftheequations second equation. Alberto will have read more pages than Ashanti after 5 days. Use the graph shown to determine whether each system is consistent or inconsistent and if it is independent or dependent. y =6 y = 3x + 4 The two equations intersect at exactly one point, so they are consistent and independent. y = 3x + 4 y = 3x + 4 The two equations intersect at exactly one point, so they are consistent and independent. y = 3x + 4 y = 3x 4 These two equations do not intersect, so they are inconsistent. y = 3x 4 y = 3x 4 The two equations intersect at exactly one point, so they are consistent and independent. 3x y = 4 y = 3x + 4 Rearrange the first equation into slope intercept form to determine which line it is. The two equations are identical, so they are consistent and dependent. 3x y = 4 3x + y = 4 Page 5

6 The two equations are identical, so they are consistent and dependent. 3x y = 4 3x + y = 4 Rearrange the two equations into slope intercept form to determine which lines they are. The two equations intersect at exactly one point, so they are consistent and independent. Graph each system and determine the number of solutions that it has. If it has one solution, name it. y= 3 y =x 3 The graphs intersect at one point, so there is one solution. The lines intersect at (0, 3). y = 4x + 2 y = 2x Page 6

7 6-1 Graphing The graphssystems intersectof at Equations one point, so there is one solution. The lines intersect at (0, 3). y = 4x + 2 y = 2x The graphs intersect at one point, so there is one solution. The lines intersect at. y =x 6 y =x+ These two lines are parallel, so they do not intersect. Therefore, there is no solution. x +y = 4 3x + 3y = Page 7

8 These two lines are parallel, so they do not intersect. Therefore, there is no solution. x +y = 4 3x + 3y = The two lines are the same line. Therefore, there are infinitely many solutions. x y= 2 x +y = Page 8

9 The two lines are the same line. Therefore, there are infinitely many solutions. x y= 2 x +y = The two lines are the same line. Therefore, there are infinitely many solutions. x + 2y = 3 x=5 Rearrange the first equation into slope-intercept form. Page 9

10 The two lines are the same line. Therefore, there are infinitely many solutions. x + 2y = 3 x=5 Rearrange the first equation into slope-intercept form. The graphs intersect at one point, so there is one solution. The lines intersect at (5, 1). 2x + 3y = 12 2x y = 4 Page 10

11 The graphs intersect at one point, so there is one solution. The lines intersect at (5, 1). 2x + 3y = 12 2x y = 4 The graphs intersect at one point, so there is one solution. The lines intersect at (3, 2). 2x + y = 4 y + 2x = 3 Page 11

12 The graphs intersect at one point, so there is one solution. The lines intersect at (3, 2). 2x + y = 4 y + 2x = 3 These two lines are parallel, so they do not intersect. Therefore, there is no solution. 2x + 2y = 6 5y + 5x = 15 Page 12

13 These two lines are parallel, so they do not intersect. Therefore, there is no solution. 2x + 2y = 6 5y + 5x = 15 The two lines are the same line. Therefore, there are infinitely many solutions. Akira and Jen are competing to see who can sell the most tickets for the Winter Dance. On Monday, Akira sold 22 and then sold 30 per day after that. Jen sold 53 one Monday and then sold 20 per day after that. Write equations for the number of tickets each person has sold. Graph each equation. Solve the system of equations. Check and interpret your solution. a. Let x represent the number of days and let y Number of tickets sold by each equals tickets sold per day times the number of days plus the number of tickets sold initially esolutions Manual - Powered by Cognero Page 13 Akira: y = 30x Jen: y = 20x + 53

14 The two lines are the same line. Therefore, there are infinitely many solutions. Akira and Jen are competing to see who can sell the most tickets for the Winter Dance. On Monday, Akira sold 22 and then sold 30 per day after that. Jen sold 53 one Monday and then sold 20 per day after that. Write equations for the number of tickets each person has sold. Graph each equation. Solve the system of equations. Check and interpret your solution. a. Let x represent the number of days and let y Number of tickets sold by each equals tickets sold per day times the number of days plus the number of tickets sold initially Akira: y = 30x Jen: y = 20x + 53 b. Graph y = 30x + 22 and y = 20x Choose appropriate scales for the horizontal and vertical axes. c. The graphs appear to intersect at (3.1, 115) Use substitution to check this. Since the answer works in both equations, (3.1, 115) is the solution to the system of equations. For less than 3 days Jen will have sold more tickets. After about 3 days Jen and Akira will have sold the same If x is the number of years since 2000 and y is the percent of people using travel services, the following equations represent the percent of people using travel agents and the percent of the people using the Internet to plan travel. Travel agents: y = 2x + 30 Internet: y = 6x + 41 Graph the system of equations. Page 14

15 Since the answer works in both equations, (3.1, 115) is the solution to the system of equations. 6-1 Graphing Systems For less than 3 days of JenEquations will have sold more tickets. After about 3 days Jen and Akira will have sold the same If x is the number of years since 2000 and y is the percent of people using travel services, the following equations represent the percent of people using travel agents and the percent of the people using the Internet to plan travel. Travel agents: y = 2x + 30 Internet: y = 6x + 41 Graph the system of equations. Estimate the year travel agents and the Internet were used equally. a. The intersection occurs close to x = 1. So, this means that the year is , or Graph each system and determine the number of solutions that it has. If it has one solution, name it. y =x+2 The graphs intersect at one point, so there is one solution. The lines intersect at ( 4, 2). y = 6x + 6 y = 3x + 6 Page 15

16 6-1 Graphing The graphssystems intersectof at Equations one point, so there is one solution. The lines intersect at ( 4, 2). y = 6x + 6 y = 3x + 6 The graphs intersect at one point, so there is one solution. The lines intersect at (0, 6). y = 2x 17 y = x 10 The graphs intersect at one point, so there is one solution. The lines intersect at (7, 3). 8x 4y = 16 5x 5y = 5 Page 16

17 The graphs intersect at one point, so there is one solution. The lines intersect at (7, 3). 8x 4y = 16 5x 5y = 5 The graphs intersect at one point, so there is one solution. The lines intersect at (1, 2). 3x + 5y = 30 3x + y = 18 Page 17

18 The graphs intersect at one point, so there is one solution. The lines intersect at (1, 2). 3x + 5y = 30 3x + y = 18 The graphs intersect at one point, so there is one solution. The lines intersect at (5, 3). 3x + 4y = 24 4x y = 7 Page 18

19 The graphs intersect at one point, so there is one solution. The lines intersect at (5, 3). 3x + 4y = 24 4x y = 7 The graphs intersect at one point, so there is one solution. The lines intersect at (4, 9). 2x 8y = 6 x 4y = 3 Page 19

20 The graphs intersect at one point, so there is one solution. The lines intersect at (4, 9). 2x 8y = 6 x 4y = 3 The two lines are the same line. Therefore, there are infinitely many solutions. 4x 6y = 12 2x + 3y = 6 Page 20

21 The two lines are the same line. Therefore, there are infinitely many solutions. 4x 6y = 12 2x + 3y = 6 The two lines are the same line. Therefore, there are infinitely many solutions. 2x + 3y = 10 4x + 6y = 12 Page 21

22 The two lines are the same line. Therefore, there are infinitely many solutions. 2x + 3y = 10 4x + 6y = 12 These two lines are parallel, so they do not intersect. Therefore, there is no solution. 3x + 2y = 10 2x + 3y = 10 Page 22

23 These two lines are parallel, so they do not intersect. Therefore, there is no solution. 3x + 2y = 10 2x + 3y = 10 The graphs intersect at one point, so there is one solution. The lines intersect at (2, 2). 3y x= 2 y x=2 Page 23

24 The graphs intersect at one point, so there is one solution. The lines intersect at (2, 2). 3y x= 2 y x=2 These two lines are parallel, so they do not intersect. Therefore, there is no solution. Page 24

25 These two lines are parallel, so they do not intersect. Therefore, there is no solution. The two lines are the same line. Therefore, there are infinitely many solutions. Page 25

26 The two lines are the same line. Therefore, there are infinitely many solutions. These two lines are parallel, so they do not intersect. Therefore, there is no solution. Page 26

27 These two lines are parallel, so they do not intersect. Therefore, there is no solution. The graphs intersect at one point, so there is one solution. The lines intersect at (1, 1). Page 27

28 The graphs intersect at one point, so there is one solution. The lines intersect at (1, 1). The graphs intersect at one point, so there is one solution. The lines intersect at (3, 3). Suppose x represents the number of cameras sold and y represents the number of years since Then the number of digital cameras sold each year since 2000, in millions, can be modeled by the equation y = 12.5x The number of film cameras sold each year since 2000, in millions, can be modeled by the equation y = 9.1x Graph each equation. In which year did digital camera sales surpass film camera sales? In what year will film cameras stop selling altogether? Page 28

29 The graphs intersect at one point, so there is one solution. The lines intersect at (3, 3). Suppose x represents the number of cameras sold and y represents the number of years since Then the number of digital cameras sold each year since 2000, in millions, can be modeled by the equation y = 12.5x The number of film cameras sold each year since 2000, in millions, can be modeled by the equation y = 9.1x Graph each equation. In which year did digital camera sales surpass film camera sales? In what year will film cameras stop selling altogether? What are the domain and range of each of the functions in this situation? a. The digital camera passed the film camera at x = 3, so it was in The film camera will stop selling at x d. these equations is the set of real numbers greater than or equal to 0. Graph each system and determine the number of solutions that it has. If it has one solution, name it. 2y = 1.2x 10 4y = 2.4x Page 29

30 The film camera will stop selling at x d. 6-1 Graphing Systems of Equations these equations is the set of real numbers greater than or equal to 0. Graph each system and determine the number of solutions that it has. If it has one solution, name it. 2y = 1.2x 10 4y = 2.4x These two lines are parallel, so they do not intersect. Therefore, there is no solution. Page 30

31 6-1 Graphing of Equations These two Systems lines are parallel, so they do not intersect. Therefore, there is no solution. The two lines are the same line. Therefore, there are infinitely many solutions. Personal publishing site Lookatme had 2.5 million visitors in Each year after that, the number of visitors rose by 13.1 million. Online auction site Buyourstuff had 59 million visitors in 2009, but each year after that the number of visitors fell by 2 million. Write an equation for each of the companies. Make a table of values for 5 years for each of the companies. Graph each equation. When will Lookatme and Buyourstuff s sites have the same number of visitors? Page 31

32 The two lines are the same line. Therefore, there are infinitely many solutions. Personal publishing site Lookatme had 2.5 million visitors in Each year after that, the number of visitors rose by 13.1 million. Online auction site Buyourstuff had 59 million visitors in 2009, but each year after that the number of visitors fell by 2 million. Write an equation for each of the companies. Make a table of values for 5 years for each of the companies. Graph each equation. When will Lookatme and Buyourstuff s sites have the same number of visitors? Name the domain and range of these functions in this situation. a. Let x represent the number of years past 2009 and y represent the number of visitors in the millions. Lookatme: y = 13.1x + 2.5; Buyourstuff: y = 2x + 59 c. The two sites will have the same number of visitors somewhere between x = 3 and x = 4, meaning that the rd intersection will occur some time in the 3 year past 2009, or during D = {x x y y In this problem, you will explore different methods for finding the intersection of the graphs of two linear equations esolutions Manual - Powered by Cognero.. Page 32

33 The two sites will have the same number of visitors somewhere between x = 3 and x = 4, meaning that the rd intersection will occur some time in the 3 year past 2009, or during D = {x x y y In this problem, you will explore different methods for finding the intersection of the graphs of two linear equations.. Use a graph to solve and y = x How is the equation in part a related to the system in part b? Explain how to use the graph in part b to solve the equation in part a. b. (6, 6) c. Both sides of the equation in part a are set equal to y in the system of linear equations in part b. d. x coordinate of the intersection of the two. Then, you can substitute that value into the equation in part a and see if it checks. Store A is offering a 10% discount on the purchase of all electronics in their store. Store B is offering \$10 off all the electronics in their store. Francisca and Alan are deciding which offer will save them more money. Is either of them correct? Explain your reasoning. Page 33

34 c. Both sides of the equation in part a are set equal to y in the system of linear equations in part b. d. x coordinate of the intersection of the two. Then, you can substitute that 6-1 Graphing Systems of Equations value into the equation in part a and see if it checks. Store A is offering a 10% discount on the purchase of all electronics in their store. Store B is offering \$10 off all the electronics in their store. Francisca and Alan are deciding which offer will save them more money. Is either of them correct? Explain your reasoning. If the item is less than \$100, then \$10 off is better. If the item is more than \$100, then the 10% is better. Consider purchasing an item that cost \$175. The cost they will have to pay at Store A is \$175(1 0.10) or \$ At Store Use graphing to find the solution of the system of equations 2x + 3y = 5, 3x + 4y = 6, and 4x + 5y = 7. One method would be to rearrange the three equations into slope-intercept form. Page 34

35 Notice the fractions in the equations. This will make it a little difficult to graph the lines. Another option would be to plot the x- and y-intercepts of each graph. Substitute 0 in for x and y to identify the intercepts. Equation 1: Equation 2: Page 35

36 Equation 2: Equation 3: Plot each set of points. Draw a line through each set. The intersection of these lines is the solution. All three lines intersect at ( 2, 3) Determine whether a system of two linear equations with (0, 0) and (2, 2) as solutions Page 36 sometimes, always, or never has other solutions. Explain.

37 All three lines intersect at ( 2, 3) Determine whether a system of two linear equations with (0, 0) and (2, 2) as solutions sometimes, always, or never has other solutions. Explain. f the equations are linear and have more than one common solution, they must be consistent and dependent, which means that they have an infinite number of solutions in common. Consider the equations of y = and 2y = 2x. There are WHICH ONE DOESN other three? Explain your reasoning. Which one of the following systems of equations doesn t belong with the Rearrange the equations into slope intercept form. st 1 box nd 2 box rd 3 box th 4 box The third box has two equations that are parallel, which means that it is an inconsistent system. The other three systems are independent and consistent. Write three equations such that they form three systems of equations with y = 5x 3. The three systems should be inconsistent, consistent and independent, and consistent and dependent, respectively. Sample answers: y = 5x + 3; y = 5x 3; 2y = 10x 6 The first equation is parallel to the original equation, so there is no intersection, which makes the system inconsistent. The Manual second- Powered equationbyhas one intersection, which makes the system consistent and independent. The last equation is 37 esolutions Cognero Page the same as the original equation, which makes the system consistent and dependent.

38 th 4 box The third box has two that are parallel, which means that it is an inconsistent system. The other three 6-1 Graphing Systems of equations Equations systems are independent and consistent. Write three equations such that they form three systems of equations with y = 5x 3. The three systems should be inconsistent, consistent and independent, and consistent and dependent, respectively. Sample answers: y = 5x + 3; y = 5x 3; 2y = 10x 6 The first equation is parallel to the original equation, so there is no intersection, which makes the system inconsistent. The second equation has one intersection, which makes the system consistent and independent. The last equation is the same as the original equation, which makes the system consistent and dependent. Describe the advantages and disadvantages to solving systems of equations by graphing. Graphing clearly shows whether a system of equations has one solution, no solution, or infinitely many solutions. However, finding the exact values of x and y from a graph can be difficult. For example, solve the system 2x + y = 5 and 6x + 3y = 12 by graphing. Write each equation in slope-intercept form. y = 2x + 5 and y = 2x 4. Graph each line on the same coordinate plane. It is clear from the graph that the lines are parallel and do not intersect. So, the system has no solutions. For the system 2x + y = 3 and 3x 2y = 4, the equations in slope-intercept form are y = 2x + 3 and y = x and the graphs of these equations yields a pair of intersecting lines. 2 The graph indicates that the system has one solution but it is not possible to determine from the graph that the solution is. Certain bacteria can reproduce every 20 minutes, doubling the population. If there are 450,000 bacteria in a population at 9:00 A.M., how many bacteria will be in the population at 2:00 P.M.? Page 38

39 Describe the advantages and disadvantages to solving systems of equations by graphing. Graphing clearly shows whether a system of equations has one solution, no solution, or infinitely many solutions. However, finding the exact values of x and y from a graph can be difficult. For example, solve the system 2x + y = 5 and 6x + 3y = 12 by graphing. Write each equation in slope-intercept form. y = 2x + 5 and y = 2x 4. Graph each line on the same coordinate plane. It is clear from the graph that the lines are parallel and do not intersect. So, the system has no solutions. For the system 2x + y = 3 and 3x 2y = 4, the equations in slope-intercept form are y = 2x + 3 and y = x and the graphs of these equations yields a pair of intersecting lines. 2 The graph indicates that the system has one solution but it is not possible to determine from the graph that the solution is. Certain bacteria can reproduce every 20 minutes, doubling the population. If there are 450,000 bacteria in a population at 9:00 A.M., how many bacteria will be in the population at 2:00 P.M.? Between 9 A.M. and 2 P.M., there are 5 hours, or 15 twenty-minute sections. That means that the bacteria will double 15 times. 450, , ,800, ,600, ,200, ,400, ,800, ,600, ,200, ,400, ,800, ,600, ,843,200,000 Page 39

40 The graph indicates that the system has one solution but it is not possible to determine from the graph that the solution is. Certain bacteria can reproduce every 20 minutes, doubling the population. If there are 450,000 bacteria in a population at 9:00 A.M., how many bacteria will be in the population at 2:00 P.M.? Between 9 A.M. and 2 P.M., there are 5 hours, or 15 twenty-minute sections. That means that the bacteria will double 15 times. 450, ,000 1,800,000 3,600,000 7,200,000 14,400,000 28,800,000 57,600, ,200, ,400, ,800, ,600,000 1,843,200,000 3,686,400,000 7,372,800,000 14,745,600, Therefore, 14,745,600,000 bacteria will be present at 2:00 P.M. An 84 centimeter piece of wire is cut into equal segments and then attached at the ends to form the edges of a cube. What is the volume of the cube? 294 cm 343 cm cm cm There are twelve edges in a cube. So, if you cut an 84 centimeter piece of wire into 12 equal parts, they are each 7 cm long. To calculate the volume of the cube, multiply length times width times height. So, the correct choice is B. What is the solution of the inequality 9 < 2x + 3 < 15? Page 40

41 13 3,686,400, ,372,800, ,745,600,000 Therefore, 14,745,600,000 bacteria will be present at 2:00 P.M. An 84 centimeter piece of wire is cut into equal segments and then attached at the ends to form the edges of a cube. What is the volume of the cube? 294 cm 343 cm cm cm There are twelve edges in a cube. So, if you cut an 84 centimeter piece of wire into 12 equal parts, they are each 7 cm long. To calculate the volume of the cube, multiply length times width times height. So, the correct choice is B. What is the solution of the inequality 9 < 2x + 3 < 15? x x 0 0 6<x<6 5<x<5 First, express -9 < 2x + 3 < 15 using and. Then solve each inequality. The solution is -6 < x < 6. So, the correct choice is H. What is the solution of the system of equations? x + 2y = 1 2x + 4y = 2 ( 1, 1) (2, 1) Page 41

42 The solution is -6 < x < 6. So, the correct choice is H. What is the solution of the system of equations? x + 2y = 1 2x + 4y = 2 ( 1, 1) (2, 1) no solution infinitely many solutions Solve by graphing. Rewrite each equation in slope-intercept form. Because both equations are the same in slope-intercept form, they are on the same line. Thus it is a true statement, all numbers will work. Therefore, the correct choice is D. Graph each inequality. 3x + 6y >0 Solve for y in terms of x. Page 42

43 Because both equations are the same in slope-intercept form, they are on the same line. Thus it is a true statement, 6-1 Graphing Systems of Equations all numbers will work. Therefore, the correct choice is D. Graph each inequality. 3x + 6y >0 Solve for y in terms of x. Because the inequality involves >, graph the boundary using a dashed line. Choose (1, 1) as a test point. Since 9 is greater than 0, shade the half plane that contains (1, 1). 4x 2y < 0 Solve for y in terms of x. Because the inequality involves >, graph the boundary using a dashed line. Choose (1, 1) as a test point. Page 43

44 4x 2y < 0 Solve for y in terms of x. Because the inequality involves >, graph the boundary using a dashed line. Choose (1, 1) as a test point. Since 2 is not less than 0, shade the half plane that does not contain (1, 1). 3y x 9 Solve for y in terms of x. Since 0 is less than or equal to 9, shade the half plane that contains (0, 0). Page 44

45 3y x 9 Solve for y in terms of x. Since 0 is less than or equal to 9, shade the half plane that contains (0, 0). 4y 3x 12 Solve for y in terms of x. Since 0 is not greater than or equal to 12, shade the half plane that does not contain (0, 0). Page 45

46 4y 3x 12 Solve for y in terms of x. Since 0 is not greater than or equal to 12, shade the half plane that does not contain (0, 0). y < 4x 8 Because the inequality involves <, graph the boundary using a dashed line. Choose (0, 0) as a test point. Since 0 is not less than 8, shade the half plane that does not contain (0, 0). Page 46

47 y < 4x 8 Because the inequality involves <, graph the boundary using a dashed line. Choose (0, 0) as a test point. Since 0 is not less than 8, shade the half plane that does not contain (0, 0). 3x 1 >y Because the inequality involves >, graph the boundary using a dashed line. Choose (0, 0) as a test point. Since 1 is not greater than 0, shade the half plane that does not contain (0, 0). To get a grant from the city s historical society, the number of history books must be within 25 of What is the range of the number of history books that must be in the library? The least number of books is 1500 the range is 1475 to 1525 books. 25 = 1475, while the greatest number of books is = Therefore, Camilla s scores on three math tests are shown in the table. The fourth and final test of the grading an average of at least 92 to receive an A for the grading period. Page 47 period is tomorrow. needs esolutions Manual - Powered byshe Cognero

48 What is the range of the number of history books that must be in the library? 6-1 Graphing Systems Equations The least number of of books is 1500 the range is 1475 to 1525 books. 25 = 1475, while the greatest number of books is = Therefore, Camilla s scores on three math tests are shown in the table. The fourth and final test of the grading period is tomorrow. She needs an average of at least 92 to receive an A for the grading period. If m represents her score on the fourth math test, write an inequality to represent this situation. If Camilla wants an A in math, what must she score on the test? Is your solution reasonable? Explain. a. Therefore, Camilla needs a 94 or higher. c. Yes, the score is attainable and Camilla has scored higher than that before. Write the slope intercept form of an equation for the line that passes through the given point and is perpendicular to the graph of the equation. ( 3, 1), y = x+2 The slope of the line with equation. The slope of the perpendicular line is the opposite reciprocal of, or 3. Page 48

49 Therefore, Camilla needs a 94 or higher. c. Yes, the score is attainable and Camilla has scored higher than that before. Write the slope intercept form of an equation for the line that passes through the given point and is perpendicular to the graph of the equation. ( 3, 1), y = x+2 The slope of the line with equation. The slope of the perpendicular line is the opposite reciprocal of, or 3. Write the equation in slope-intercept form. (6, 2) y = x 4 The slope of the line with equation, or. The slope of the perpendicular line is the opposite reciprocal of. Write the equation in slope-intercept form. (2, 2), 2x + y = 5 Rearrange the equation into slope intercept form. The slope of the line with equation Page The slope of the perpendicular line is the opposite reciprocal of

50 (2, 2), 2x + y = 5 Rearrange the equation into slope intercept form. The slope of the line with equation 2. The slope of the perpendicular line is the opposite reciprocal of 2, or. Write the equation in slope-intercept form. ( 3, 3), 3x + y = 6 Rearrange the equation into slope intercept form. The slope of the line with equation 3. The slope of the perpendicular line is the opposite reciprocal of 3, or. Write the equation in slope-intercept form. Page 50

51 Find the solution of each equation using the given replacement set. f 14 = 8; {12, 15, 19, 22} f f 14 = 8 True or False? = 8 False = 8 False = 8 False = 8 True The solution is {22}. 15(n + 6) = 165; {3, 4, 5, 6, 7} n 15(n + 6) = 165 True or False? 3 15(3 + 6) = 165 False 4 15(4 + 6) = 165 False 5 15(5 + 6) = 165 True 6 15(6 + 6) = 165 False 7 15(7 + 6) = 165 False The solution is {5}. ; {91, 92, 93, 94, 95} d True or False? 91 False 92 True 93 False 94 False 95 False The solution is {92}. Page 51

52 ; {78, 79, 80, 81} t The solution is {81}. True or False? 78 False 79 False 80 False 81 True Evaluate each expression if a = 2, b = 3, and c = 11. a + 6b 7 ab (2c + 3a) 4 Page 52

53 b 2 + (a 3 8)5 Page 53

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