Algebra I Vocabulary Cards

Size: px
Start display at page:

Transcription

2 Slope Slope Formula Slopes of Lines Perpendicular Lines Parallel Lines Mathematical Notation System of Linear Equations (graphing) System of Linear Equations (substitution) System of Linear Equations (elimination) System of Linear Equations (number of solutions) Graphing Linear Inequalities System of Linear Inequalities Dependent and Independent Variable Dependent and Independent Variable (application) Graph of a Quadratic Equation Quadratic Formula Relations and Functions Relations (examples) Functions (examples) Function (definition) Domain Range Function Notation Parent Functions Linear, Quadratic Transformations of Parent Functions Translation Reflection Dilation Linear Function (transformational graphing) Translation Dilation (m>0) Dilation/reflection (m<0) Quadratic Function (transformational graphing) Vertical translation Dilation (a>0) Dilation/reflection (a<0) Horizontal translation Direct Variation Inverse Variation Mean Absolute Deviation Variance Standard Deviation (definition) z-score (definition) z-score (graphic) Elements within One Standard Deviation of the Mean (graphic) Scatterplot Positive Correlation Negative Correlation No Correlation Curve of Best Fit (linear/quadratic) Outlier Data (graphic) Revisions: October 2014 removed Constant Correlation; removed negative sign on Linear Equation (slope intercept form) July 2015 Add Polynomials (removed exponent); Subtract Polynomials (added negative sign); Multiply Polynomials (graphic organizer)(16x and 13x); Z-Score (added z = 0) Statistics Statistics Notation Mean Median Mode Box-and-Whisker Plot Summation Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 2

3 Natural Numbers The set of numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 Real Numbers Rational Numbers Rational Numbers Integers Irrational Numbers Irrational Numbers Whole Numbers Whole Numbers Natural Numbers Natural Numbers Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 3

4 Whole Numbers The set of numbers 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 Real Numbers Rational Numbers Rational Numbers Integers Irrational Numbers Irrational Numbers Whole Numbers Whole Numbers Natural Numbers Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 4

5 Integers The set of numbers -3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3 Real Numbers Rational Numbers Rational Numbers Integers Irrational Numbers Irrational Numbers Whole Numbers Whole Numbers Natural Numbers Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 5

6 Rational Numbers Real Numbers Rational Numbers Rational Numbers Integers Irrational Numbers Irrational Numbers Whole Numbers Whole Numbers Natural Numbers The set of all numbers that can be written as the ratio of two integers with a non-zero denominator 2 3 5, -5, 0.3, 16, 13 7 Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 6

7 Irrational Numbers Real Numbers Rational Numbers Rational Numbers Integers Irrational Numbers Irrational Numbers Whole Numbers Whole Numbers Natural Numbers The set of all numbers that cannot be expressed as the ratio of integers 7,, Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 7

8 Real Numbers Rational Numbers Rational Numbers Integers Irrational Numbers Irrational Numbers Whole Numbers Whole Numbers Natural Numbers The set of all rational and irrational numbers Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 8

9 Absolute Value 5 = 5-5 = 5 5 units 5 units The distance between a number and zero Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 9

10 Order of Operations Grouping Symbols Exponents Multiplication Division Addition Subtraction ( ) { } [ ] absolute value fraction bar a n Left to Right Left to Right Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 10

11 3(y + 3.9) Expression x m Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 11

12 Variable 2(y + 3) 9 + x = 2.08 d = 7c - 5 A = r 2 Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 12

13 Coefficient (-4) + 2x -7y ab 1 2 πr 2 Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 13

14 Term 3x + 2y 8 3 terms -5x 2 x 2 terms 2 3 ab 1 term Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 14

15 Scientific Notation a x 10 n 1 a < 10 and n is an integer Examples: Standard Notation Scientific Notation 17,500, x , x x x 10-2 Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 15

16 Exponential Form exponent a n = a a a a, a 0 base factors Examples: = 2 3 = 8 n n n n = n x x = 3 3 x 2 = 27x 2 Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 16

17 4-2 = = 1 16 Negative Exponent a -n = 1 a n, a 0 Examples: x 4 y x4 = -2 1 y 2 = x4 1 y 2 y2 y 2 = x4 y 2 (2 a) -2 = 1 (2 a) 2, a 2 Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 17

18 Zero Exponent a 0 = 1, a 0 Examples: (-5) 0 = 1 (3x + 2) 0 = 1 (x 2 y -5 z 8 ) 0 = 1 4m 0 = 4 1 = 4 Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 18

19 Product of Powers Property a m a n = a m + n Examples: x 4 x 2 = x 4+2 = x 6 a 3 a = a 3+1 = a 4 w 7 w -4 = w 7 + (-4) = w 3 Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 19

20 Power of a Power Property (a m ) n = a m n Examples: (y 4 ) 2 = y 4 2 = y 8 (g 2 ) -3 = g 2 (-3) = g -6 = 1 g 6 Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 20

21 Power of a Product Property (ab) m = a m b m Examples: (-3ab) 2 = (-3) 2 a 2 b 2 = 9a 2 b 2-1 (2x) 3 = x 3 = -1 8x 3 Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 21

22 Quotient of Powers a m Property a n = am n, a 0 Examples: x 6 x 5 = x6 5 = x 1 = x y -3 y -5 = y-3 (-5) = y 2 a 4 a 4 = a4-4 = a 0 = 1 Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 22

23 Power of Quotient Property Examples: ( a b )m = am b m, b 0 ( y 3 )4 = y4 3 4 ( 5 t )-3 = t 3 t -3 = 1 = t3 5 3 = t3 125 Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 23

24 Polynomial Example Name Terms 7 monomial 1 term 6x 3t 1 12xy 3 + 5x 4 binomial 2 terms y 2x 2 + 3x 7 trinomial 3 terms Nonexample 5m n 8 n Reason variable exponent negative exponent Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 24

25 Degree of a Polynomial The largest exponent or the largest sum of exponents of a term within a polynomial Example: Term Degree 6a 3 + 3a 2 b a 3 3 3a 2 b Degree of polynomial: 5 Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 25

26 Leading Coefficient The coefficient of the first term of a polynomial written in descending order of exponents Examples: 7a 3 2a 2 + 8a 1-3n 3 + 7n 2 4n t 1 Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 26

27 Add Polynomials Combine like terms. Example: (2g 2 + 6g 4) + (g 2 g) = 2g 2 + 6g 4 + g 2 g (Group like terms and add.) = (2g 2 + g 2 ) + (6g g) 4 = 3g 2 + 5g 4 Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 27

28 Add Polynomials Combine like terms. Example: (2g 3 + 6g 2 4) + (g 3 g 3) (Align like terms and add.) 2g 3 + 6g g 3 g 3 3g 3 + 6g 2 g 7 Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 28

29 Example: Subtract Polynomials Add the inverse. (4x 2 + 5) (-2x 2 + 4x -7) (Add the inverse.) = (4x 2 + 5) + (2x 2 4x +7) = 4x x 2 4x + 7 (Group like terms and add.) = (4x 2 + 2x 2 ) 4x + (5 + 7) = 6x 2 4x + 12 Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 29

30 Subtract Polynomials Add the inverse. Example: (4x 2 + 5) (-2x 2 + 4x -7) (Align like terms then add the inverse and add the like terms.) 4x x (-2x 2 + 4x 7) + 2x 2 4x + 7 6x 2 4x + 12 Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 30

31 Multiply Polynomials Apply the distributive property. (a + b)(d + e + f) (a + b)( d + e + f ) = a(d + e + f) + b(d + e + f) = ad + ae + af + bd + be + bf Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 31

32 Multiply Binomials Apply the distributive property. (a + b)(c + d) = a(c + d) + b(c + d) = ac + ad + bc + bd Example: (x + 3)(x + 2) = x(x + 2) + 3(x + 2) = x 2 + 2x + 3x + 6 = x 2 + 5x + 6 Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 32

33 Multiply Binomials Apply the distributive property. Example: (x + 3)(x + 2) x + 3 Key: x + 2 x 2 = x = 1 = x 2 + 2x + 3x + = x 2 + 5x + 6 Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 33

34 Multiply Binomials Apply the distributive property. Example: (x + 8)(2x 3) = (x + 8)(2x + -3) x + 8 2x x 2-3x 16x -24 2x x + -3x = 2x x 24 Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 34

35 Multiply Binomials: Squaring a Binomial Examples: (a + b) 2 = a 2 + 2ab + b 2 (a b) 2 = a 2 2ab + b 2 (3m + n) 2 = 9m 2 + 2(3m)(n) + n 2 = 9m 2 + 6mn + n 2 (y 5) 2 = y 2 2(5)(y) + 25 = y 2 10y + 25 Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 35

36 Multiply Binomials: Sum and Difference (a + b)(a b) = a 2 b 2 Examples: (2b + 5)(2b 5) = 4b 2 25 (7 w)(7 + w) = w 7w w 2 = 49 w 2 Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 36

37 Factors of a Monomial The number(s) and/or variable(s) that are multiplied together to form a monomial Examples: Factors Expanded Form 5b 2 5 b 2 5 b b 6x 2 y 6 x 2 y 2 3 x x y -5p 2 q p2 q (-5) p p q q q Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 37

38 Factoring: Greatest Common Factor Find the greatest common factor (GCF) of all terms of the polynomial and then apply the distributive property. Example: 20a 4 + 8a a a a a a common factors GCF = 2 2 a = 4a 20a 4 + 8a = 4a(5a 3 + 2) Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 38

39 Factoring: Perfect Square Trinomials a 2 + 2ab + b 2 = (a + b) 2 a 2 2ab + b 2 = (a b) 2 Examples: x 2 + 6x +9 = x x +3 2 = (x + 3) 2 4x 2 20x + 25 = (2x) 2 2 2x = (2x 5) 2 Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 39

40 Factoring: Difference of Two Squares a 2 b 2 = (a + b)(a b) Examples: x 2 49 = x = (x + 7)(x 7) 4 n 2 = 2 2 n 2 = (2 n) (2 + n) 9x 2 25y 2 = (3x) 2 (5y) 2 = (3x + 5y)(3x 5y) Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 40

41 Difference of Squares a 2 b 2 = (a + b)(a b) a 2 b 2 a a a(a b) + b(a b) a b b (a + b)(a b) a + b a b a b b a b Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 41

42 Divide Polynomials Divide each term of the dividend by the monomial divisor Example: (12x 3 36x x) 4x = 12x3 36x x 4x = 12x3 4x 36x 2 4x = 3x 2 9x x 4x Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 42

43 Divide Polynomials by Binomials Example: Factor and simplify (7w 2 + 3w 4) (w + 1) = 7w2 + 3w 4 w + 1 = (7w 4)(w + 1) w + 1 = 7w 4 Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 43

44 Prime Polynomial Cannot be factored into a product of lesser degree polynomial factors Nonexample Example r 3t + 9 x y 2 4y + 3 Factors x 2 4 (x + 2)(x 2) 3x 2 3x + 6 3(x + 1)(x 2) x 3 x x 2 Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 44

45 Square Root x 2 radical symbol radicand or argument Simply square root expressions. Examples: 9x 2 = 3 2 x 2 = (3x) 2 = 3x - (x 3) 2 = -(x 3) = -x + 3 Squaring a number and taking a square root are inverse operations. Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 45

46 Cube Root index 3 x 3 radical symbol radicand or argument Simplify cube root expressions. Examples: = 4 3 = = (-3) 3 = -3 3 x 3 = x Cubing a number and taking a cube root are inverse operations. Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 46

47 Product Property of Radicals The square root of a product equals the product of the square roots of the factors. ab = a b Examples: a 0 and b 0 4x = 4 x = 2 x 5a 3 = 5 a 3 = a 5a = = = 2 2 Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 47

48 Quotient Property of Radicals The square root of a quotient equals the quotient of the square roots of the numerator and denominator. a b = a b Example: a 0 and b 0 5 y 2 = 5 y 2 = 5 y, y 0 Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 48

49 Zero Product Property If ab = 0, then a = 0 or b = 0. Example: (x + 3)(x 4) = 0 (x + 3) = 0 or (x 4) = 0 x = -3 or x = 4 The solutions are -3 and 4, also called roots of the equation. Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 49

50 Solutions or Roots x 2 + 2x = 3 Solve using the zero product property. x 2 + 2x 3 = 0 (x + 3)(x 1) = 0 x + 3 = 0 or x 1 = 0 x = -3 or x = 1 The solutions or roots of the polynomial equation are -3 and 1. Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 50

51 Zeros The zeros of a function f(x) are the values of x where the function is equal to zero. f(x) = x 2 + 2x 3 Find f(x) = 0. 0 = x 2 + 2x 3 0 = (x + 3)(x 1) x = -3 or x = 1 The zeros are -3 and 1 located at (-3,0) and (1,0). The zeros of a function are also the solutions or roots of the related equation. Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 51

52 x-intercepts The x-intercepts of a graph are located where the graph crosses the x-axis and where f(x) = 0. f(x) = x 2 + 2x 3 0 = (x + 3)(x 1) 0 = x + 3 or 0 = x 1 x = -3 or x = 1 The zeros are -3 and 1. The x-intercepts are: -3 or (-3,0) 1 or (1,0) Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 52

53 Coordinate Plane Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 53

54 Linear Equation Ax + By = C (A, B and C are integers; A and B cannot both equal zero.) Example: 6 5 y -2x + y = x -8 The graph of the linear equation is a straight line and represents all solutions (x, y) of the equation. Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 54

55 Linear Equation: Standard Form Ax + By = C (A, B, and C are integers; A and B cannot both equal zero.) Examples: 4x + 5y = -24 x 6y = 9 Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 55

56 Literal Equation A formula or equation which consists primarily of variables Examples: ax + b = c A = 1 2 bh V = lwh F = 9 5 C + 32 A = πr 2 Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 56

57 Vertical Line x = a (where a can be any real number) Example: x = -4 4 y x Vertical lines have an undefined slope. Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 57

58 Horizontal Line y = c (where c can be any real number) Example: y = 6 7 y x -2 Horizontal lines have a slope of 0. Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 58

59 Quadratic Equation ax 2 + bx + c = 0 a 0 Example: x 2 6x + 8 = 0 Solve by factoring x 2 6x + 8 = 0 (x 2)(x 4) = 0 (x 2) = 0 or (x 4) = 0 x = 2 or x = 4 Solve by graphing Graph the related function f(x) = x 2 6x + 8. y x Solutions to the equation are 2 and 4; the x-coordinates where the curve crosses the x-axis. Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 59

60 Quadratic Equation ax 2 + bx + c = 0 a 0 Example solved by factoring: x 2 6x + 8 = 0 Quadratic equation (x 2)(x 4) = 0 Factor (x 2) = 0 or (x 4) = 0 Set factors equal to 0 x = 2 or x = 4 Solve for x Solutions to the equation are 2 and 4. Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 60

61 Quadratic Equation ax 2 + bx + c = 0 a 0 Example solved by graphing: x 2 6x + 8 = 0 Graph the related function f(x) = x 2 6x + 8. Solutions to the equation are the x-coordinates (2 and 4) of the points where the curve crosses the x-axis. Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 61

62 Quadratic Equation: Number of Real Solutions ax 2 + bx + c = 0, a 0 Examples Graphs Number of Real Solutions/Roots x 2 x = 3 2 x = 8x 1 distinct root with a multiplicity of two 2x 2 2x + 3 = 0 0 Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 62

63 Identity Property of Addition a + 0 = 0 + a = a Examples: = 3.8 6x + 0 = 6x 0 + (-7 + r) = -7 + r Zero is the additive identity. Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 63

64 Inverse Property of Addition a + (-a) = (-a) + a = 0 Examples: 4 + (-4) = 0 0 = (-9.5) x + (-x) = 0 0 = 3y + (-3y) Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 64

65 Commutative Property of Addition a + b = b + a Examples: = x + 5 = 5 + x (a + 5) 7 = (5 + a) (b 4) = (b 4) + 11 Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 65

66 Associative Property of Addition (a + b) + c = a + (b + c) Examples: ( ) = 5 + ( ) 3x + (2x + 6y) = (3x + 2x) + 6y Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 66

67 Identity Property of Multiplication a 1 = 1 a = a Examples: 3.8 (1) = 3.8 6x 1 = 6x 1(-7) = -7 One is the multiplicative identity. Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 67

68 Inverse Property of Multiplication a 1 a = 1 a a = 1 a 0 Examples: = x x 5 = 1, x 0 (-3p) = 1p = p The multiplicative inverse of a is 1 a. Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 68

69 Commutative Property of Multiplication ab = ba Examples: (-8)( 2 3 ) = (2 3 )(-8) y 9 = 9 y 4(2x 3) = 4(3 2x) 8 + 5x = 8 + x 5 Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 69

70 Associative Property of Multiplication (ab)c = a(bc) Examples: (1 8) = 1 ( ) (3x)x = 3(x x) Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 70

71 Distributive Property a(b + c) = ab + ac Examples: 5 (y 1 3 ) = (5 y) (5 1 3 ) 2 x = 2(x + 5) 3.1a + (1)(a) = ( )a Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 71

72 Distributive Property 4(y + 2) = 4y + 4(2) 4 4(y + 2) y y + 4(2) y 2 Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 72

73 Multiplicative Property of Zero a 0 = 0 or 0 a = 0 Examples: = 0 0 (-13y 4) = 0 Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 73

74 Substitution Property If a = b, then b can replace a in a given equation or inequality. Examples: Given Given Substitution r = 9 3r = 27 3(9) = 27 b = 5a 24 < b < 5a + 8 y = 2x + 1 2y = 3x 2 2(2x + 1) = 3x 2 Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 74

75 Reflexive Property of Equality a = a a is any real number Examples: -4 = = 3.4 9y = 9y Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 75

76 Symmetric Property of Equality If a = b, then b = a. Examples: If 12 = r, then r = 12. If -14 = z + 9, then z + 9 = -14. If y = x, then x = y. Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 76

77 Transitive Property of Equality If a = b and b = c, then a = c. Examples: If 4x = 2y and 2y = 16, then 4x = 16. If x = y 1 and y 1 = -3, then x = -3. Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 77

78 Inequality An algebraic sentence comparing two quantities Symbol Meaning < less than less than or equal to greater than greater than or equal to not equal to Examples: > 3t + 2 x 5y -12 r 3 Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 78

79 Graph of an Inequality Symbol Examples Graph < or x < 3 or -3 y t -2 Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 79

80 Transitive Property of Inequality If a b and b c a b and b c Then a c a c Examples: If 4x 2y and 2y 16, then 4x 16. If x y 1 and y 1 3, then x 3. Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 80

81 Addition/Subtraction Property of Inequality If a > b a b a < b a b Then a + c > b + c a + c b + c a + c < b + c a + c b + c Example: d d d -6.8 Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 81

82 Multiplication Property of Inequality If Case Then a < b c > 0, positive ac < bc a > b c > 0, positive ac > bc a < b c < 0, negative ac > bc a > b c < 0, negative ac < bc Example: if c = -2 5 > -3 5(-2) < -3(-2) -10 < 6 Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 82

83 Division Property of Inequality If Case Then a < b a > b a < b a > b c > 0, positive c > 0, positive c < 0, negative c < 0, negative Example: if c = t t t a c < b c a c > b c a c > b c a c < b c Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 83

84 Linear Equation: Slope-Intercept Form y = mx + b (slope is m and y-intercept is b) Example: y = -4 3 x + 5 (0,5) m = b = 5 3 Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 84

85 Linear Equation: Point-Slope Form y y 1 = m(x x 1 ) where m is the slope and (x 1,y 1 ) is the point Example: Write an equation for the line that passes through the point (-4,1) and has a slope of 2. y 1 = 2(x -4) y 1 = 2(x + 4) y = 2x + 9 Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 85

86 Slope A number that represents the rate of change in y for a unit change in x 3 2 Slope = 2 3 The slope indicates the steepness of a line. Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 86

87 Slope Formula The ratio of vertical change to horizontal change y x 2 x 1 B (x 2, y 2 ) y 2 y 1 A (x 1, y 1 ) x slope = m = Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 87

88 Slopes of Lines Line p has a positive slope. Line n has a negative slope. Vertical line s has an undefined slope. Horizontal line t has a zero slope. Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 88

89 Perpendicular Lines Lines that intersect to form a right angle Perpendicular lines (not parallel to either of the axes) have slopes whose product is -1. Example: The slope of line n = -2. The slope of line p = = -1, therefore, n is perpendicular to p. Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 89

90 Parallel Lines Lines in the same plane that do not intersect are parallel. Parallel lines have the same slopes. y b a x Example: The slope of line a = -2. The slope of line b = = -2, therefore, a is parallel to b. Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 90

91 Mathematical Notation Set Builder Notation {x 0 < x 3} {y: y -5} Read The set of all x such that x is greater than or equal to 0 and x is less than 3. The set of all y such that y is greater than or equal to -5. Other Notation 0 < x 3 (0, 3] y -5 [-5, ) Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 91

92 System of Linear Equations Solve by graphing: -x + 2y = 3 2x + y = 4 The solution, (1, 2), is the only ordered pair that satisfies both equations (the point of intersection). Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 92

93 System of Linear Equations Solve by substitution: x + 4y = 17 y = x 2 Substitute x 2 for y in the first equation. x + 4(x 2) = 17 x = 5 Now substitute 5 for x in the second equation. y = 5 2 y = 3 The solution to the linear system is (5, 3), the ordered pair that satisfies both equations. Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 93

94 System of Linear Equations Solve by elimination: -5x 6y = 8 5x + 2y = 4 Add or subtract the equations to eliminate one variable. -5x 6y = 8 + 5x + 2y = 4-4y = 12 y = -3 Now substitute -3 for y in either original equation to find the value of x, the eliminated variable. -5x 6(-3) = 8 x = 2 The solution to the linear system is (2,-3), the ordered pair that satisfies both equations. Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 94

95 System of Linear Equations Identifying the Number of Solutions Number of Solutions Slopes and y-intercepts Graph y One solution Different slopes x No solution Same slope and different y- intercepts y x Infinitely many solutions Same slope and same y- intercepts y x Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 95

96 Graphing Linear Inequalities Example Graph y y x + 2 x y y > -x 1 x Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 96

97 System of Linear Inequalities Solve by graphing: y x 3 The solution region contains all ordered pairs that are solutions to both inequalities in the system. y -2x + 3 y x (-1,1) is one solution to the system located in the solution region. Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 97

98 Dependent and Independent Variable x, independent variable (input values or domain set) Example: y = 2x + 7 y, dependent variable (output values or range set) Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 98

99 Dependent and Independent Variable Determine the distance a car will travel going 55 mph. d = 55h independent h d dependent Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 99

100 Graph of a Quadratic Example: y = x 2 + 2x 3 Equation y = ax 2 + bx + c a 0 line of symmetry vertex The graph of the quadratic equation is a curve (parabola) with one line of symmetry and one vertex y x Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 100

101 Quadratic Formula Used to find the solutions to any quadratic equation of the form, y = ax 2 + bx + c x = -b ± b 2-4ac 2a Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 101

102 Relations Representations of relationships x y Example 1 {(0,4), (0,3), (0,2), (0,1)} Example 3 Example 2 Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 102

103 Functions Representations of functions x y Example 1 Example 2 y {(-3,4), (0,3), (1,2), (4,6)} Example 3 x Example 4 Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 103

104 Function A relationship between two quantities in which every input corresponds to exactly one output x A relation is a function if and only if each element in the domain is paired with a unique element of the range y Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 104

105 Domain A set of input values of a relation Examples: input output x g(x) The domain of g(x) is {-2, -1, 0, 1} f(x) y The domain of f(x) is all real numbers. x Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 105

106 Range A set of output values of a relation Examples: input output x g(x) The range of g(x) is {0, 1, 2, 3} f(x) y The range of f(x) is all real numbers greater than or equal to zero. x Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 106

107 Function Notation f(x) f(x) is read the value of f at x or f of x Example: f(x) = -3x + 5, find f(2). f(2) = -3(2) + 5 f(2) = -6 Letters other than f can be used to name functions, e.g., g(x) and h(x) Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 107

108 Parent Functions Linear y f(x) = x x Quadratic f(x) = x y y x -2 Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 108

109 Translations Transformations of Parent Functions Parent functions can be transformed to create other members in a family of graphs. g(x) = f(x) + k is the graph of f(x) translated vertically k units up when k > 0. k units down when k < 0. g(x) = f(x h) is the graph of f(x) translated horizontally h units right when h > 0. h units left when h < 0. Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 109

110 Reflections Transformations of Parent Functions Parent functions can be transformed to create other members in a family of graphs. g(x) = -f(x) is the graph of f(x) reflected over the x-axis. g(x) = f(-x) is the graph of f(x) reflected over the y-axis. Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 110

111 Dilations Transformations of Parent Functions Parent functions can be transformed to create other members in a family of graphs. g(x) = a f(x) is the graph of f(x) vertical dilation (stretch) if a > 1. vertical dilation (compression) if 0 < a < 1. g(x) = f(ax) is the graph of f(x) horizontal dilation (compression) if a > 1. horizontal dilation (stretch) if 0 < a < 1. Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 111

112 Transformational Graphing Linear functions g(x) = x + b Examples: f(x) = x t(x) = x + 4 h(x) = x y x -6 Vertical translation of the parent function, f(x) = x Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 112

113 Transformational Graphing Linear functions g(x) = mx m>0 6 y Examples: f(x) = x t(x) = 2x h(x) = 1 2 x x Vertical dilation (stretch or compression) of the parent function, f(x) = x Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 113

114 Transformational Graphing Linear functions g(x) = mx m < 0 y Examples: f(x) = x t(x) = -x h(x) = -3x x d(x) = x Vertical dilation (stretch or compression) with a reflection of f(x) = x Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 114

115 Transformational Graphing Quadratic functions h(x) = x 2 + c y Examples: f(x) = x 2 g(x) = x t(x) = x Vertical translation of f(x) = x x Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 115

116 Transformational Graphing Quadratic functions h(x) = ax 2 a > 0 9 y Examples: f(x) = x 2 g(x) = 2x 2 t(x) = 1 3 x Vertical dilation (stretch or compression) of f(x) = x 2 x Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 116

117 Transformational Graphing Quadratic functions h(x) = ax 2 Examples: f(x) = x 2 g(x) = -2x 2 t(x) = x2 a < 0-9 Vertical dilation (stretch or compression) with a reflection of f(x) = x y x Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 117

118 Transformational Graphing Quadratic functions h(x) = (x + c) 2 Examples: f(x) = x 2 g(x) = (x + 2) 2 t(x) = (x 3) y x Horizontal translation of f(x) = x 2 Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 118

119 Direct Variation y = kx or k = y x constant of variation, k 0 Example: y = 3x or 3 = y x y The graph of all points describing a direct variation is a line passing through the origin x Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 119

120 Inverse Variation y = k x or k = xy constant of variation, k 0 Example: y = 3 x or xy = y The graph of all points describing an inverse variation relationship are 2 curves that are reflections of each other x Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 120

121 Statistics Notation x i μ σ 2 σ n i th element in a data set mean of the data set variance of the data set standard deviation of the data set number of elements in the data set Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 121

122 Mean A measure of central tendency Example: Find the mean of the given data set. Data set: 0, 2, 3, 7, 8 4 Balance Point Numerical Average Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 122

123 Median A measure of central tendency Examples: Find the median of the given data sets. Data set: 6, 7, 8, 9, 9 The median is 8. Data set: 5, 6, 8, 9, 11, 12 The median is 8.5. Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 123

124 Mode A measure of central tendency Examples: Data Sets Mode 3, 4, 6, 6, 6, 6, 10, 11, , 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 10 none 5.2, 5.2, 5.2, 5.6, 5.8, 5.9, , 1, 2, 5, 6, 7, 7, 9, 11, 12 1, 7 bimodal Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 124

125 Box-and-Whisker Plot A graphical representation of the five-number summary Interquartile Range (IQR) Lower Extreme Lower Quartile (Q 1 ) Median Upper Quartile (Q 3 ) Upper Extreme Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 125

126 Summation stopping point upper limit summation sign typical element index of summation starting point lower limit This expression means sum the values of x, starting at x 1 and ending at x n. = x 1 + x 2 + x x n Example: Given the data set {3, 4, 5, 5, 10, 17} 6 x i = = 44 i=1 Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 126

127 Mean Absolute Deviation A measure of the spread of a data set Mean Absolute Deviation = n i 1 x i n The mean of the sum of the absolute value of the differences between each element and the mean of the data set Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 127

128 Variance A measure of the spread of a data set The mean of the squares of the differences between each element and the mean of the data set Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 128

129 Standard Deviation A measure of the spread of a data set The square root of the mean of the squares of the differences between each element and the mean of the data set or the square root of the variance Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 129

130 z-score The number of standard deviations an element is away from the mean where x is an element of the data set, μ is the mean of the data set, and σ is the standard deviation of the data set. Example: Data set A has a mean of 83 and a standard deviation of What is the z-score for the element 91 in data set A? z = = Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 130

131 z-score The number of standard deviations an element is from the mean z = -3 z = -2 z = -1 z = 0 z = 1 z = 2 z = 3 Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 131

132 Elements within One Standard Deviation (σ)of the Mean (µ) Mean z = 0 X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X μ σ z = 1 Elements within one standard deviation of the mean μ + σ z = 1 μ = 12 σ = 3.49 Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 132

133 Scatterplot Graphical representation of the relationship between two numerical sets of data y x Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 133

134 Positive Correlation In general, a relationship where the dependent (y) values increase as independent values (x) increase y x Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 134

135 Negative Correlation In general, a relationship where the dependent (y) values decrease as independent (x) values increase. y x Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 135

136 No Correlation No relationship between the dependent (y) values and independent (x) values. y x Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 136

137 Curve of Best Fit Calories and Fat Content Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 137

138 Frequency Wingspan (in.) Outlier Data Wingspan vs. Height Outlier Height (in.) Gas Mileage for Gasoline-fueled Cars Outlier Miles per Gallon Virginia Department of Education, 2014 Algebra I Vocabulary Cards Page 138

Vocabulary Words and Definitions for Algebra

Name: Period: Vocabulary Words and s for Algebra Absolute Value Additive Inverse Algebraic Expression Ascending Order Associative Property Axis of Symmetry Base Binomial Coefficient Combine Like Terms

What are the place values to the left of the decimal point and their associated powers of ten?

The verbal answers to all of the following questions should be memorized before completion of algebra. Answers that are not memorized will hinder your ability to succeed in geometry and algebra. (Everything

Copy in your notebook: Add an example of each term with the symbols used in algebra 2 if there are any.

Algebra 2 - Chapter Prerequisites Vocabulary Copy in your notebook: Add an example of each term with the symbols used in algebra 2 if there are any. P1 p. 1 1. counting(natural) numbers - {1,2,3,4,...}

CORRELATED TO THE SOUTH CAROLINA COLLEGE AND CAREER-READY FOUNDATIONS IN ALGEBRA

We Can Early Learning Curriculum PreK Grades 8 12 INSIDE ALGEBRA, GRADES 8 12 CORRELATED TO THE SOUTH CAROLINA COLLEGE AND CAREER-READY FOUNDATIONS IN ALGEBRA April 2016 www.voyagersopris.com Mathematical

Algebra 1 Course Title

Algebra 1 Course Title Course- wide 1. What patterns and methods are being used? Course- wide 1. Students will be adept at solving and graphing linear and quadratic equations 2. Students will be adept

Higher Education Math Placement

Higher Education Math Placement Placement Assessment Problem Types 1. Whole Numbers, Fractions, and Decimals 1.1 Operations with Whole Numbers Addition with carry Subtraction with borrowing Multiplication

CRLS Mathematics Department Algebra I Curriculum Map/Pacing Guide

Curriculum Map/Pacing Guide page 1 of 14 Quarter I start (CP & HN) 170 96 Unit 1: Number Sense and Operations 24 11 Totals Always Include 2 blocks for Review & Test Operating with Real Numbers: How are

MATH 095, College Prep Mathematics: Unit Coverage Pre-algebra topics (arithmetic skills) offered through BSE (Basic Skills Education)

MATH 095, College Prep Mathematics: Unit Coverage Pre-algebra topics (arithmetic skills) offered through BSE (Basic Skills Education) Accurately add, subtract, multiply, and divide whole numbers, integers,

ALGEBRA 2: 4.1 Graph Quadratic Functions in Standard Form

ALGEBRA 2: 4.1 Graph Quadratic Functions in Standard Form Goal Graph quadratic functions. VOCABULARY Quadratic function A function that can be written in the standard form y = ax 2 + bx+ c where a 0 Parabola

Core Florida Math for College Readiness Florida Math for College Readiness provides a fourth-year math curriculum focused on developing the mastery of skills identified as critical to postsecondary readiness

ALGEBRA I (Created 2014) Amherst County Public Schools

ALGEBRA I (Created 2014) Amherst County Public Schools The 2009 Mathematics Standards of Learning Curriculum Framework is a companion document to the 2009 Mathematics Standards of Learning and amplifies

Mathematics Placement

Mathematics Placement The ACT COMPASS math test is a self-adaptive test, which potentially tests students within four different levels of math including pre-algebra, algebra, college algebra, and trigonometry.

Math 0980 Chapter Objectives. Chapter 1: Introduction to Algebra: The Integers.

Math 0980 Chapter Objectives Chapter 1: Introduction to Algebra: The Integers. 1. Identify the place value of a digit. 2. Write a number in words or digits. 3. Write positive and negative numbers used

Algebra 1 Course Information

Course Information Course Description: Students will study patterns, relations, and functions, and focus on the use of mathematical models to understand and analyze quantitative relationships. Through

Algebra 2 Chapter 1 Vocabulary. identity - A statement that equates two equivalent expressions.

Chapter 1 Vocabulary identity - A statement that equates two equivalent expressions. verbal model- A word equation that represents a real-life problem. algebraic expression - An expression with variables.

Mathematics Online Instructional Materials Correlation to the 2009 Algebra I Standards of Learning and Curriculum Framework

Provider York County School Division Course Syllabus URL http://yorkcountyschools.org/virtuallearning/coursecatalog.aspx Course Title Algebra I AB Last Updated 2010 - A.1 The student will represent verbal

Answer Key for California State Standards: Algebra I

Algebra I: Symbolic reasoning and calculations with symbols are central in algebra. Through the study of algebra, a student develops an understanding of the symbolic language of mathematics and the sciences.

HIBBING COMMUNITY COLLEGE COURSE OUTLINE

HIBBING COMMUNITY COLLEGE COURSE OUTLINE COURSE NUMBER & TITLE: - Beginning Algebra CREDITS: 4 (Lec 4 / Lab 0) PREREQUISITES: MATH 0920: Fundamental Mathematics with a grade of C or better, Placement Exam,

Academic Content Standards Grade Eight and Grade Nine Ohio Algebra 1 2008 Grade Eight STANDARDS Number, Number Sense and Operations Standard Number and Number Systems 1. Use scientific notation to express

Algebra and Geometry Review (61 topics, no due date)

Course Name: Math 112 Credit Exam LA Tech University Course Code: ALEKS Course: Trigonometry Instructor: Course Dates: Course Content: 159 topics Algebra and Geometry Review (61 topics, no due date) Properties

Algebra Cheat Sheets

Sheets Algebra Cheat Sheets provide you with a tool for teaching your students note-taking, problem-solving, and organizational skills in the context of algebra lessons. These sheets teach the concepts

Manhattan Center for Science and Math High School Mathematics Department Curriculum

Content/Discipline Algebra 1 Semester 2: Marking Period 1 - Unit 8 Polynomials and Factoring Topic and Essential Question How do perform operations on polynomial functions How to factor different types

Algebra 2 Year-at-a-Glance Leander ISD 2007-08. 1st Six Weeks 2nd Six Weeks 3rd Six Weeks 4th Six Weeks 5th Six Weeks 6th Six Weeks

Algebra 2 Year-at-a-Glance Leander ISD 2007-08 1st Six Weeks 2nd Six Weeks 3rd Six Weeks 4th Six Weeks 5th Six Weeks 6th Six Weeks Essential Unit of Study 6 weeks 3 weeks 3 weeks 6 weeks 3 weeks 3 weeks

Review of Intermediate Algebra Content

Review of Intermediate Algebra Content Table of Contents Page Factoring GCF and Trinomials of the Form + b + c... Factoring Trinomials of the Form a + b + c... Factoring Perfect Square Trinomials... 6

Factoring Polynomials

UNIT 11 Factoring Polynomials You can use polynomials to describe framing for art. 396 Unit 11 factoring polynomials A polynomial is an expression that has variables that represent numbers. A number can

MATH 60 NOTEBOOK CERTIFICATIONS

MATH 60 NOTEBOOK CERTIFICATIONS Chapter #1: Integers and Real Numbers 1.1a 1.1b 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.8 Chapter #2: Algebraic Expressions, Linear Equations, and Applications 2.1a 2.1b 2.1c 2.2 2.3a 2.3b 2.4 2.5

LAKE ELSINORE UNIFIED SCHOOL DISTRICT

LAKE ELSINORE UNIFIED SCHOOL DISTRICT Title: PLATO Algebra 1-Semester 2 Grade Level: 10-12 Department: Mathematics Credit: 5 Prerequisite: Letter grade of F and/or N/C in Algebra 1, Semester 2 Course Description:

South Carolina College- and Career-Ready (SCCCR) Algebra 1

South Carolina College- and Career-Ready (SCCCR) Algebra 1 South Carolina College- and Career-Ready Mathematical Process Standards The South Carolina College- and Career-Ready (SCCCR) Mathematical Process

Math 1. Month Essential Questions Concepts/Skills/Standards Content Assessment Areas of Interaction

Binghamton High School Rev.9/21/05 Math 1 September What is the unknown? Model relationships by using Fundamental skills of 2005 variables as a shorthand way Algebra Why do we use variables? What is a

BookTOC.txt. 1. Functions, Graphs, and Models. Algebra Toolbox. Sets. The Real Numbers. Inequalities and Intervals on the Real Number Line

College Algebra in Context with Applications for the Managerial, Life, and Social Sciences, 3rd Edition Ronald J. Harshbarger, University of South Carolina - Beaufort Lisa S. Yocco, Georgia Southern University

Florida Math 0028. Correlation of the ALEKS course Florida Math 0028 to the Florida Mathematics Competencies - Upper

Florida Math 0028 Correlation of the ALEKS course Florida Math 0028 to the Florida Mathematics Competencies - Upper Exponents & Polynomials MDECU1: Applies the order of operations to evaluate algebraic

6.1 Add & Subtract Polynomial Expression & Functions

6.1 Add & Subtract Polynomial Expression & Functions Objectives 1. Know the meaning of the words term, monomial, binomial, trinomial, polynomial, degree, coefficient, like terms, polynomial funciton, quardrtic

Students will be able to simplify and evaluate numerical and variable expressions using appropriate properties and order of operations.

Outcome 1: (Introduction to Algebra) Skills/Content 1. Simplify numerical expressions: a). Use order of operations b). Use exponents Students will be able to simplify and evaluate numerical and variable

Pre-Algebra 2008. Academic Content Standards Grade Eight Ohio. Number, Number Sense and Operations Standard. Number and Number Systems

Academic Content Standards Grade Eight Ohio Pre-Algebra 2008 STANDARDS Number, Number Sense and Operations Standard Number and Number Systems 1. Use scientific notation to express large numbers and small

Algebra 2 PreAP. Name Period

Algebra 2 PreAP Name Period IMPORTANT INSTRUCTIONS FOR STUDENTS!!! We understand that students come to Algebra II with different strengths and needs. For this reason, students have options for completing

DRAFT. Algebra 1 EOC Item Specifications

DRAFT Algebra 1 EOC Item Specifications The draft Florida Standards Assessment (FSA) Test Item Specifications (Specifications) are based upon the Florida Standards and the Florida Course Descriptions as

1.3 Polynomials and Factoring

1.3 Polynomials and Factoring Polynomials Constant: a number, such as 5 or 27 Variable: a letter or symbol that represents a value. Term: a constant, variable, or the product or a constant and variable.

7.1 Graphs of Quadratic Functions in Vertex Form

7.1 Graphs of Quadratic Functions in Vertex Form Quadratic Function in Vertex Form A quadratic function in vertex form is a function that can be written in the form f (x) = a(x! h) 2 + k where a is called

Expression. Variable Equation Polynomial Monomial Add. Area. Volume Surface Space Length Width. Probability. Chance Random Likely Possibility Odds

Isosceles Triangle Congruent Leg Side Expression Equation Polynomial Monomial Radical Square Root Check Times Itself Function Relation One Domain Range Area Volume Surface Space Length Width Quantitative

Algebra 1. Curriculum Map

Algebra 1 Curriculum Map Table of Contents Unit 1: Expressions and Unit 2: Linear Unit 3: Representing Linear Unit 4: Linear Inequalities Unit 5: Systems of Linear Unit 6: Polynomials Unit 7: Factoring

of surface, 569-571, 576-577, 578-581 of triangle, 548 Associative Property of addition, 12, 331 of multiplication, 18, 433

Absolute Value and arithmetic, 730-733 defined, 730 Acute angle, 477 Acute triangle, 497 Addend, 12 Addition associative property of, (see Commutative Property) carrying in, 11, 92 commutative property

1.1 Practice Worksheet

Math 1 MPS Instructor: Cheryl Jaeger Balm 1 1.1 Practice Worksheet 1. Write each English phrase as a mathematical expression. (a) Three less than twice a number (b) Four more than half of a number (c)

Understanding Basic Calculus

Understanding Basic Calculus S.K. Chung Dedicated to all the people who have helped me in my life. i Preface This book is a revised and expanded version of the lecture notes for Basic Calculus and other

Section 1.1 Linear Equations: Slope and Equations of Lines

Section. Linear Equations: Slope and Equations of Lines Slope The measure of the steepness of a line is called the slope of the line. It is the amount of change in y, the rise, divided by the amount of

Course Outlines. 1. Name of the Course: Algebra I (Standard, College Prep, Honors) Course Description: ALGEBRA I STANDARD (1 Credit)

Course Outlines 1. Name of the Course: Algebra I (Standard, College Prep, Honors) Course Description: ALGEBRA I STANDARD (1 Credit) This course will cover Algebra I concepts such as algebra as a language,

Math Review. for the Quantitative Reasoning Measure of the GRE revised General Test

Math Review for the Quantitative Reasoning Measure of the GRE revised General Test www.ets.org Overview This Math Review will familiarize you with the mathematical skills and concepts that are important

Indiana State Core Curriculum Standards updated 2009 Algebra I

Indiana State Core Curriculum Standards updated 2009 Algebra I Strand Description Boardworks High School Algebra presentations Operations With Real Numbers Linear Equations and A1.1 Students simplify and

1.3 Algebraic Expressions

1.3 Algebraic Expressions A polynomial is an expression of the form: a n x n + a n 1 x n 1 +... + a 2 x 2 + a 1 x + a 0 The numbers a 1, a 2,..., a n are called coefficients. Each of the separate parts,

Brunswick High School has reinstated a summer math curriculum for students Algebra 1, Geometry, and Algebra 2 for the 2014-2015 school year.

Brunswick High School has reinstated a summer math curriculum for students Algebra 1, Geometry, and Algebra 2 for the 2014-2015 school year. Goal The goal of the summer math program is to help students

IV. ALGEBRAIC CONCEPTS

IV. ALGEBRAIC CONCEPTS Algebra is the language of mathematics. Much of the observable world can be characterized as having patterned regularity where a change in one quantity results in changes in other

How To Understand And Solve Algebraic Equations

College Algebra Course Text Barnett, Raymond A., Michael R. Ziegler, and Karl E. Byleen. College Algebra, 8th edition, McGraw-Hill, 2008, ISBN: 978-0-07-286738-1 Course Description This course provides

Polynomial Expressions and Equations

Polynomial Expressions and Equations This is a really close-up picture of rain. Really. The picture represents falling water broken down into molecules, each with two hydrogen atoms connected to one oxygen

Algebra I. In this technological age, mathematics is more important than ever. When students

In this technological age, mathematics is more important than ever. When students leave school, they are more and more likely to use mathematics in their work and everyday lives operating computer equipment,

Prentice Hall Mathematics, Algebra 1 2009

Prentice Hall Mathematics, Algebra 1 2009 Grades 9-12 C O R R E L A T E D T O Grades 9-12 Prentice Hall Mathematics, Algebra 1 Program Organization Prentice Hall Mathematics supports student comprehension

PRE-CALCULUS GRADE 12 [C] Communication Trigonometry General Outcome: Develop trigonometric reasoning. A1. Demonstrate an understanding of angles in standard position, expressed in degrees and radians.

Common Core Unit Summary Grades 6 to 8

Common Core Unit Summary Grades 6 to 8 Grade 8: Unit 1: Congruence and Similarity- 8G1-8G5 rotations reflections and translations,( RRT=congruence) understand congruence of 2 d figures after RRT Dilations

Polynomials. Key Terms. quadratic equation parabola conjugates trinomial. polynomial coefficient degree monomial binomial GCF

Polynomials 5 5.1 Addition and Subtraction of Polynomials and Polynomial Functions 5.2 Multiplication of Polynomials 5.3 Division of Polynomials Problem Recognition Exercises Operations on Polynomials

Florida Algebra 1 End-of-Course Assessment Item Bank, Polk County School District

Benchmark: MA.912.A.2.3; Describe the concept of a function, use function notation, determine whether a given relation is a function, and link equations to functions. Also assesses MA.912.A.2.13; Solve

The program also provides supplemental modules on topics in geometry and probability and statistics.

Algebra 1 Course Overview Students develop algebraic fluency by learning the skills needed to solve equations and perform important manipulations with numbers, variables, equations, and inequalities. Students

Polynomial Operations and Factoring

Algebra 1, Quarter 4, Unit 4.1 Polynomial Operations and Factoring Overview Number of instructional days: 15 (1 day = 45 60 minutes) Content to be learned Identify terms, coefficients, and degree of polynomials.

This unit will lay the groundwork for later units where the students will extend this knowledge to quadratic and exponential functions.

Algebra I Overview View unit yearlong overview here Many of the concepts presented in Algebra I are progressions of concepts that were introduced in grades 6 through 8. The content presented in this course

MATH 0110 Developmental Math Skills Review, 1 Credit, 3 hours lab

MATH 0110 Developmental Math Skills Review, 1 Credit, 3 hours lab MATH 0110 is established to accommodate students desiring non-course based remediation in developmental mathematics. This structure will

Algebra II End of Course Exam Answer Key Segment I. Scientific Calculator Only

Algebra II End of Course Exam Answer Key Segment I Scientific Calculator Only Question 1 Reporting Category: Algebraic Concepts & Procedures Common Core Standard: A-APR.3: Identify zeros of polynomials

Algebraic expressions are a combination of numbers and variables. Here are examples of some basic algebraic expressions.

Page 1 of 13 Review of Linear Expressions and Equations Skills involving linear equations can be divided into the following groups: Simplifying algebraic expressions. Linear expressions. Solving linear

Prentice Hall MyMathLab Algebra 1, 2011

Prentice Hall MyMathLab Algebra 1, 2011 C O R R E L A T E D T O Tennessee Mathematics Standards, 2009-2010 Implementation, Algebra I Tennessee Mathematics Standards 2009-2010 Implementation Algebra I 3102

a. all of the above b. none of the above c. B, C, D, and F d. C, D, F e. C only f. C and F

FINAL REVIEW WORKSHEET COLLEGE ALGEBRA Chapter 1. 1. Given the following equations, which are functions? (A) y 2 = 1 x 2 (B) y = 9 (C) y = x 3 5x (D) 5x + 2y = 10 (E) y = ± 1 2x (F) y = 3 x + 5 a. all

Successful completion of Math 7 or Algebra Readiness along with teacher recommendation.

MODESTO CITY SCHOOLS COURSE OUTLINE COURSE TITLE:... Basic Algebra COURSE NUMBER:... RECOMMENDED GRADE LEVEL:... 8-11 ABILITY LEVEL:... Basic DURATION:... 1 year CREDIT:... 5.0 per semester MEETS GRADUATION

SECTION 0.6: POLYNOMIAL, RATIONAL, AND ALGEBRAIC EXPRESSIONS

(Section 0.6: Polynomial, Rational, and Algebraic Expressions) 0.6.1 SECTION 0.6: POLYNOMIAL, RATIONAL, AND ALGEBRAIC EXPRESSIONS LEARNING OBJECTIVES Be able to identify polynomial, rational, and algebraic

Algebra Unpacked Content For the new Common Core standards that will be effective in all North Carolina schools in the 2012-13 school year.

This document is designed to help North Carolina educators teach the Common Core (Standard Course of Study). NCDPI staff are continually updating and improving these tools to better serve teachers. Algebra

SPECIAL PRODUCTS AND FACTORS

CHAPTER 442 11 CHAPTER TABLE OF CONTENTS 11-1 Factors and Factoring 11-2 Common Monomial Factors 11-3 The Square of a Monomial 11-4 Multiplying the Sum and the Difference of Two Terms 11-5 Factoring the

MATH 10034 Fundamental Mathematics IV

MATH 0034 Fundamental Mathematics IV http://www.math.kent.edu/ebooks/0034/funmath4.pdf Department of Mathematical Sciences Kent State University January 2, 2009 ii Contents To the Instructor v Polynomials.

Chapter 4 -- Decimals

Chapter 4 -- Decimals \$34.99 decimal notation ex. The cost of an object. ex. The balance of your bank account ex The amount owed ex. The tax on a purchase. Just like Whole Numbers Place Value - 1.23456789

KEANSBURG SCHOOL DISTRICT KEANSBURG HIGH SCHOOL Mathematics Department. HSPA 10 Curriculum. September 2007

KEANSBURG HIGH SCHOOL Mathematics Department HSPA 10 Curriculum September 2007 Written by: Karen Egan Mathematics Supervisor: Ann Gagliardi 7 days Sample and Display Data (Chapter 1 pp. 4-47) Surveys and

Mathematics Georgia Performance Standards

Mathematics Georgia Performance Standards K-12 Mathematics Introduction The Georgia Mathematics Curriculum focuses on actively engaging the students in the development of mathematical understanding by

Anchorage School District/Alaska Sr. High Math Performance Standards Algebra

Anchorage School District/Alaska Sr. High Math Performance Standards Algebra Algebra 1 2008 STANDARDS PERFORMANCE STANDARDS A1:1 Number Sense.1 Classify numbers as Real, Irrational, Rational, Integer,

Graphing Linear Equations

Graphing Linear Equations I. Graphing Linear Equations a. The graphs of first degree (linear) equations will always be straight lines. b. Graphs of lines can have Positive Slope Negative Slope Zero slope

Polynomials and Quadratics Want to be an environmental scientist? Better be ready to get your hands dirty!.1 Controlling the Population Adding and Subtracting Polynomials............703.2 They re Multiplying

ALGEBRA REVIEW LEARNING SKILLS CENTER. Exponents & Radicals

ALGEBRA REVIEW LEARNING SKILLS CENTER The "Review Series in Algebra" is taught at the beginning of each quarter by the staff of the Learning Skills Center at UC Davis. This workshop is intended to be an

EQUATIONS and INEQUALITIES

EQUATIONS and INEQUALITIES Linear Equations and Slope 1. Slope a. Calculate the slope of a line given two points b. Calculate the slope of a line parallel to a given line. c. Calculate the slope of a line

Algebra I Credit Recovery

Algebra I Credit Recovery COURSE DESCRIPTION: The purpose of this course is to allow the student to gain mastery in working with and evaluating mathematical expressions, equations, graphs, and other topics,

ALGEBRA 2 CRA 2 REVIEW - Chapters 1-6 Answer Section

ALGEBRA 2 CRA 2 REVIEW - Chapters 1-6 Answer Section MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. ANS: C 2. ANS: A 3. ANS: A OBJ: 5-3.1 Using Vertex Form SHORT ANSWER 4. ANS: (x + 6)(x 2 6x + 36) OBJ: 6-4.2 Solving Equations by

Linear Equations. Find the domain and the range of the following set. {(4,5), (7,8), (-1,3), (3,3), (2,-3)}

Linear Equations Domain and Range Domain refers to the set of possible values of the x-component of a point in the form (x,y). Range refers to the set of possible values of the y-component of a point in

Algebra 1 If you are okay with that placement then you have no further action to take Algebra 1 Portion of the Math Placement Test

Dear Parents, Based on the results of the High School Placement Test (HSPT), your child should forecast to take Algebra 1 this fall. If you are okay with that placement then you have no further action

1.2 GRAPHS OF EQUATIONS Copyright Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. What You Should Learn Sketch graphs of equations. Find x- and y-intercepts of graphs of equations. Use symmetry to sketch graphs

MATH 21. College Algebra 1 Lecture Notes

MATH 21 College Algebra 1 Lecture Notes MATH 21 3.6 Factoring Review College Algebra 1 Factoring and Foiling 1. (a + b) 2 = a 2 + 2ab + b 2. 2. (a b) 2 = a 2 2ab + b 2. 3. (a + b)(a b) = a 2 b 2. 4. (a

Algebra II Unit Number 4

Title Polynomial Functions, Expressions, and Equations Big Ideas/Enduring Understandings Applying the processes of solving equations and simplifying expressions to problems with variables of varying degrees.

Thnkwell s Homeschool Precalculus Course Lesson Plan: 36 weeks

Thnkwell s Homeschool Precalculus Course Lesson Plan: 36 weeks Welcome to Thinkwell s Homeschool Precalculus! We re thrilled that you ve decided to make us part of your homeschool curriculum. This lesson

MTH 092 College Algebra Essex County College Division of Mathematics Sample Review Questions 1 Created January 17, 2006

MTH 092 College Algebra Essex County College Division of Mathematics Sample Review Questions Created January 7, 2006 Math 092, Elementary Algebra, covers the mathematical content listed below. In order

NSM100 Introduction to Algebra Chapter 5 Notes Factoring

Section 5.1 Greatest Common Factor (GCF) and Factoring by Grouping Greatest Common Factor for a polynomial is the largest monomial that divides (is a factor of) each term of the polynomial. GCF is the

COLLEGE ALGEBRA UNIT 2 WRITING ASSIGNMENT This unit has primarily been about quadratics, and parabolas. Answer the following questions to aid yourselves in creating your own study guide. 1) What is the

South Carolina College- and Career-Ready (SCCCR) Pre-Calculus

South Carolina College- and Career-Ready (SCCCR) Pre-Calculus Key Concepts Arithmetic with Polynomials and Rational Expressions PC.AAPR.2 PC.AAPR.3 PC.AAPR.4 PC.AAPR.5 PC.AAPR.6 PC.AAPR.7 Standards Know

CAMI Education linked to CAPS: Mathematics

- 1 - TOPIC 1.1 Whole numbers _CAPS curriculum TERM 1 CONTENT Mental calculations Revise: Multiplication of whole numbers to at least 12 12 Ordering and comparing whole numbers Revise prime numbers to

http://www.aleks.com Access Code: RVAE4-EGKVN Financial Aid Code: 6A9DB-DEE3B-74F51-57304

MATH 1340.04 College Algebra Location: MAGC 2.202 Meeting day(s): TR 7:45a 9:00a, Instructor Information Name: Virgil Pierce Email: piercevu@utpa.edu Phone: 665.3535 Teaching Assistant Name: Indalecio

MTH 100 College Algebra Essex County College Division of Mathematics Sample Review Questions 1 Created June 6, 2011

MTH 00 College Algebra Essex County College Division of Mathematics Sample Review Questions Created June 6, 0 Math 00, Introductory College Mathematics, covers the mathematical content listed below. In

Biggar High School Mathematics Department. National 5 Learning Intentions & Success Criteria: Assessing My Progress

Biggar High School Mathematics Department National 5 Learning Intentions & Success Criteria: Assessing My Progress Expressions & Formulae Topic Learning Intention Success Criteria I understand this Approximation

G r a d e 1 0 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o A p p l i e d a n d P r e - C a l c u l u s M a t h e m a t i c s ( 2 0 S ) Final Practice Exam

G r a d e 1 0 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o A p p l i e d a n d P r e - C a l c u l u s M a t h e m a t i c s ( 2 0 S ) Final Practice Exam G r a d e 1 0 I n t r o d u c t i o n t o A p p l i e d a n d