# North Carolina Community College System Diagnostic and Placement Test Sample Questions

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1 North Carolina Community College System Diagnostic and Placement Test Sample Questions 01 The College Board. College Board, ACCUPLACER, WritePlacer and the acorn logo are registered trademarks of the College Board. All other products and services may be trademarks of their respective owners. Visit the College Board on the Web:

2 North Carolina Community College System (NCCCS) Diagnostic and Placement Test The NCCCS Diagnostic and Placement test contains 7 questions that measure proficiency in si content areas. The si content areas are as follows: Operations with Integers Topics covered in this category include: Problem events that require the use of integers and integer operations Basic eponents, square roots and order of operations Perimeter and area of rectangles and triangles Angle facts and the Pythagorean Theorem Polynomials and Quadratic Applications Topics in this category include: Graphical and algebraic representations of quadratics Finding algebraic solutions to contetual quadratic applications Polynomial operations Factoring polynomials Applying factoring to solve polynomial equations Fractions and Decimals Topics covered in this category include: Relationships between fractions and decimals Problem events that result in the use of fractions and decimals to find a solution Operations with fractions and decimals Circumference and area of circles The concept of π Application problems involving decimals Proportions, Ratios, Rates and Percentages Topics covered in this category include: Conceptual application problems containing ratios, rates, proportions and percentages Applications using U.S. customary and metric units of measurement Geometry of similar triangles Epressions, Linear Equations and Linear Inequalities Topics covered in this category include: Graphical and algebraic representations of linear epressions, equations and inequalities Application problems using linear equations and inequalities Graphs and Equations of Lines Topics covered in this category include: Graphical and algebraic representations of lines Interpretation of basic graphs (line, bar, circle, etc.) 01 The College Board. Diagnostic and Placement Test Sample Questions 1

3 Operations with Integers For each of the questions below, choose the best answer from the four choices given. You may use the paper you received as scratch paper. 1. On a summer day in Benton, the low temperature of 75 F was reached at 6 in the morning. The high temperature was reached 9 hours later, after the temperature rose 16 F. What was the high temperature in Benton that day? A. 81 F B. 84 F 91 F D. 96 F A B C D Which of the four labeled points on the number line above has the greatest absolute value? A. A B. B C D. D Fractions and Decimals For each of the questions below, choose the best answer from the four choices given. You may use the paper you received as scratch paper. 1 feet Table 1. A large dining room table is in the shape of a semicircle of diameter1 feet, as shown above. Of the following, which is closest to the area of the table? (Use π =.14. ) A. 8 square feet B. 57 square feet 75 square feet D. 11 square feet. (- - 4) 8 = A. -48 B D The sum of Cheryl s scores on the first four quizzes in her history class was 64 points. If she scores 96 points on her net quiz, what will be her average score for the five quizzes? A. 89 points B. 91 points 9 points D. 94 points. The large square above has area 9 and is divided into 9 smaller squares of equal area. What is the length of the path drawn in bold?. A. B. 4 5 D = A. 60 B D = A. 17 B. 6 D The College Board. Diagnostic and Placement Test Sample Questions

4 4.,590 = A. B. D O 75 Proportions, Ratios, Rates and Percentages For each of the questions below, choose the best answer from the four choices given. You may use the paper you received as scratch paper. 1. During a basketball practice, two players, Sidell and Jeron, each attempted 5 free throws. Sidell made 40% of his free-throw attempts, whereas Jeron made 5% of them. How many more free-throws did Jeron make than Sidell? A. B. 4 5 D The circle above has center O. The fraction of the area of the circle that is shaded represents a value on the number line between A. B. D. 5 and 5 5 and and and 6 5. A boy skis 4 miles down a mountain slope in 10 minutes. What is his average speed, in miles per hour (mph), over that time interval? A. 48 mph B. 6 mph mph D. 4 mph. There are children in a line to buy a hot dog. If every 4th child in line, starting with the fourth in line, gets a toy, what is the ratio of the number of children in line who get a toy to the number of children in line who do not get a toy? A. :8 B. 5 : 5 :18 D. 6 : 4. 5 is what percent of 160? A. 0% B..5% 5% D. 8.5% 5. Jenna is driving at a speed of 65 miles per hour. What is Jenna s driving speed in kilometers per hour? (There are about 1.6 kilometers in 1 mile.) A. 11 kilometers per hour B. 104 kilometers per hour 96 kilometers per hour D. 9 kilometers per hour 01 The College Board. Diagnostic and Placement Test Sample Questions

5 Epressions, Linear Equations and Linear Inequalities For each of the questions below, choose the best answer from the four choices given. You may use the paper you received as scratch paper y 1. The tick marks on the number line above are equally spaced. The epression y + is equal to 5. If - = 5 -, then = A. B D. 15 A. 8 - B. 0 8 D. 16. A party supply store charges an initial charge of \$0 to rent a costume plus an additional \$8 per day for each day the costume is rented. Which of the following represents the cost, in dollars, to rent a costume for n days? A. 8n B n (0)(8 n) D. 0-8n. Julie purchased a treadmill that originally cost t dollars at a discount of 8%. Which of the following represents the amount, in dollars, that Julie paid for the treadmill after the discount? A. t- 0.8t B. t t+ 0.08t D. t- 0.08t 4. A long distance cell phone service offers a plan that costs \$0 per month plus \$0.40 per minute of use. Which of the following represents the total cost of this service for a month in which n minutes were used? A. (0)(0.04 n ) B. 0.40n 0 +.4n D n 01 The College Board. Diagnostic and Placement Test Sample Questions 4

6 Graphs and Equations of Lines For each of the questions below, choose the best answer from the four choices given. You may use the paper you received as scratch paper. Total Amount of Money Saved (in dollars) 1,000 10,000 8,000 6,000 4,000,000 B. Number of Shirts Sold (each month) O Years After the Company Opened 1. The linear equation graphed above gives the amount of money Company H has saved y years after the company opened. According to the graph, how many years after the company opened did they save \$10,000? A. 1 B. 4 5 D. 6. Anita s department store determined that if a specific shirt is priced at \$50 each, on average there would be 00 shirts sold each month the shirt is available for sale. The number of shirts sold per month would decrease by 10 for each \$5 of increase in the price. If p presents the price of the shirt, in dollars, and s represents the average number of shirts sold per month, which of the following graphs best represents the relationship between p and s? A. Number of Shirts Sold (each month) D. Number of Shirts Sold (each month) Number of Shirts Sold (each month) Price of Shirt (in dollars) Price of Shirt (in dollars) Price of Shirt (in dollars) Price of Shirt (in dollars) 01 The College Board. Diagnostic and Placement Test Sample Questions 5

7 . A computer help-service charges an initial fee to join the service plus an additional charge for each hour of helpservice a customer uses. If the computer service company charges a total of \$140 for the initial fee and a -hour help session and a total of \$0 for the initial fee and a 4-hour help session, which of the following epressions gives the computer company s charge for each hour of help-service that a customer uses? A. B. D. \$0 - \$ \$0 + \$ \$0 - \$ \$0 + \$ Jen scored 16 points in a new card game, where each player could receive either or 4 points in each round. If Jen received amount of point scores, and y amount of 4 point scores, what does the -intercept of the graph in the y-plane of the equation + 4y = 16 indicate? A. Jen scored points in 8 rounds and she didn t score 4 points in any round. B. Jen scored points in rounds and 4 points in rounds. Jen scored points in 4 rounds and 4 points in rounds. D. Jen didn t score points in any round, but she scored 4 points in 4 rounds y O Which of the following is true about the line graphed in the y-plane above? A. The line has slope and y-intercept -. B. The line has slope and y-intercept. The line has slope and y-intercept -. D. The line has slope and y-intercept. 01 The College Board. Diagnostic and Placement Test Sample Questions 6

8 Polynomials and Quadratic Applications For each of the questions below, choose the best answer from the four choices given. You may use the paper you received as scratch paper. t 4. If = 0, which if the following is a possible value for of? A. -6 B. 6 D All of the line segments in the figure above meet at right angles, and the lengths of four of the si sides are given. Which of the following represents the area of the figure, in terms of, t, y, and z?. A. yz - t B. z + ty z - t + ty D. z + t + ty ( y z )( - y - z - ) A. B. D. z z z y z y = z y y O The function f( ) = is graphed in the y -plane above. For what value of is the value of f( ) greatest? A. 5 B. 0 0 D = ( 9). a - b A. B. D. a - ab + b a - ab + b a - ab + b 4 a - ab + b 4 A. - 7 B. + 7 D The College Board. Diagnostic and Placement Test Sample Questions 7

9 Answer Key Question Number Correct Answer Operations with Integers Rationale 1 C Choice (C) is correct. The low temperature of 75 F was reached at 6 in the morning, and the high temperature was16 F higher. So the high temperature in Benton that day was 75 F + 16 F = 91 F. A B C D A Choice (A) is correct. The absolute value of point A is - 4 = 4. The absolute values of points C, and D, respectively, are - =, =, and =. Therefore, of the four labeled points, point A has the greatest absolute value. A Choice (A) is correct. The value of -- 4 is - + (- 4) = - 6. Therefore, (- - 4) 8 = = C Choice (C) is correct. Cheryl s average score for the five quizzes will be the sum of the scores divided by 5, the number of quizzes. She scored a total of 64 points on the first four quizzes, and if she scores 96 points on her net quiz, the sum of the scores will be = 460 points. Therefore, her average score for the five quizzes will be = 9 points. 5 B Choice (B) is correct. The square root of 59, denoted 59, is, because = = The College Board. Diagnostic and Placement Test Sample Questions 8

10 Question Number Correct Answer Fractions and Decimals Rationale 1 B Choice (B) is correct. Since the table is a semicircle of diameter1 feet, the radius of the semicircle 1 is 6 feet. The area of the table is 6 π square feet, or approimately = 56.5 square feet. Therefore, of the choices given, the closest to the area of the table is choice (B), 57 square feet. D Choice (D) is correct. Since the large square has area 9, each of its sides is of length. Hence each of the 9 smaller squares has sides of length 1. Since the path drawn in bold is made up of si of the sides of smaller squares, its length is 6 1 = 6. A 4 C Choice (A) is correct. The division = = = is equivalent to the multiplication Choice (C) is correct. The number,590 is equal to the product.59 1,000, which can be rewritten as Choice (D) is correct. Since a circle has 60 degrees of arc, the shaded 75 -degree sector of the 5 D circle represents between 75 5 = of the circle, which is equal to the decimal This value lies = and 6 = 0.4 on the number line The College Board. Diagnostic and Placement Test Sample Questions 9

11 Question Number Correct Answer Proportions, Ratios, Rates and Percentages Rationale 40 1 A Choice (A) is cworrect. Since 40% of 5 is 5 10, 100 = and 5% of 5 is 5 5 1, 100 = Jeron made more free-throws attempts than Sidell did. Choice (D) is correct. Since there 60 minutes in an hour, the 10-minute interval is equivalent to D 1 6 of an hour. The boy s average speed can be calculated as number of miles skied, time which is 4 6 = 4 = 4 miles per hour C Choice (C) is correct. Since every 4th child in line, starting with the fourth in line, gets a toy, it follows that the children who get a toy are in line in positions 4, 8, 1, 16 and 0. Hence, of the children in the line, 5 get a toy, and - 5 = 18 do not get a toy. Therefore, the ratio of the number of children in line who get a toy to the number of children in line who do not get a toy is 5 :18. 4 B Choice (B) is correct. Since 5 = 1 = 0.5, it follows that 5 is.5 percent of B Choice (B) is correct. Since there are about 1.6 kilometers in in kilometers per hour is = 104 kilometers per hour. mile, it follows that Jenna s speed 01 The College Board. Diagnostic and Placement Test Sample Questions 10

12 Epressions, Linear Equations and Linear Inequalities Question Number Correct Answer Rationale y 1 C Choice (C) is correct. The value of on the number line is -, and the value of y on the number line is. Substituting these values into the epression y + gives = 4 - =. B Choice (B) is correct. The rental fee for the costume consists of the initial charge of \$0 and a daily charge of \$8. Thus if the costume is rented for n days, the total cost, in dollars, is n. D Choice (D) is correct. If the original cost of the treadmill is t dollars, an 8% discount on that price is 0.08t dollars. Therefore, the discounted price is the original price, in dollars, minus the discount, which is t t. 4 C Choice (C) is correct. The cost, in dollars, of n minutes of use is 0.4 n. Therefore, the total cost of this service, in dollars, for a month in which n minutes were used is n. 5 B Choice (B) is correct. The equation - = 5 - is equivalent to = 5. Multiplying both sides of this equation by gives 15 =. It follows that 14 = 0, so = The College Board. Diagnostic and Placement Test Sample Questions 11

13 Question Number Correct Answer Graphs and Equations of Lines Rationale 1 C Total Amount of Money Saved (in dollars) 1,000 10,000 8,000 6,000 4,000,000 O Years After the Company Opened Choice (C) is correct. The y-value represents the total amount of money that the company saved. From the graph, after 5 years the company was opened, they saved \$10, A Number of Shirts Sold (each month) Price of Shirt (in dollars) Choice (A) is correct. The graph in (A) is a line with a slope of -10 that contains the point (50, 00). A \$0 - \$140 Choice (A) is correct. The epression represents the difference of dollars charged for 4- two different help sessions divided by the difference in the number of hours of help-service used, giving the amount, in dollars, the company charges for each hour of help-service a customer uses. 01 The College Board. Diagnostic and Placement Test Sample Questions 1

14 4 A Choice (A) is correct. Since y represents the amount of 4 points Jen scored, and the -intercept is the value of that satisfies equation + 4y = 16 when y = 0, Jen must have scored only points each round. Since she scored a total of 16 points, she must have scored points in 8 rounds. 5 B y O Choice (B) is correct. The y-value of the line increases units for every units of increase in the -value. Therefore, the slope of the line is. The line also intersects the y-ais at, and therefore the y-intercept is. 01 The College Board. Diagnostic and Placement Test Sample Questions 1

15 Question Number Correct Answer Polynomials and Quadratic Applications Rationale t 1 C z y Choice (C) is correct. The figure can be divided into three nonoverlapping rectangles. One has area z ( - t), one has area t( y- ), and one has area t. The sum of the areas is then ( z - t) + ( ty - t) + t = z - t + ty. B (1 4) ( ) (4 1). Choice (B) is correct. By the law of eponents that ( y z )( - y - z - ) = - y - z z Therefore, ( y z )( - y - z - ) = - y z. This is equivalent to z. = C a Choice (C) is correct. By definition, the epression - b a a a epression is equivalent to -b - b+ b a ab ab b, a which simplifies to - ab + b 4. is a a -b -b. This a It follows that - b. is equivalent to 4 C Choice (C) is correct. The epression factors as ( - 6)( + ). Since = 0, either - 6= 0 or + = 0. It follows that = 6 or = -. Of the options given, only 6 is a possible value for. 01 The College Board. Diagnostic and Placement Test Sample Questions 14

16 y 5 B O Choice (B) is correct. The quadratic epression factors as ( -5)(5 - ). It follows that the graph of f( ) = intersects the -ais at = 5 and at = 5. The greatest value of f( ) occurs at the verte, and the -coordinate of the verte of the parabola 5-5 is the point halfway between 5 and 5 on the -ais. This is 5 + = 0. So the value of for which f( ) is greatest is = The College Board. Diagnostic and Placement Test Sample Questions 15

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