EQUATIONS OF LINES IN SLOPE- INTERCEPT AND STANDARD FORM

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "EQUATIONS OF LINES IN SLOPE- INTERCEPT AND STANDARD FORM"

Transcription

1 . Equations of Lines in Slope-Intercept and Standard Form ( ) 8 In this Slope-Intercept Form Standard Form section Using Slope-Intercept Form for Graphing Writing the Equation for a Line Applications (0, ) FIGURE. stud 0 tip (, ) Keep reviewing. After ou have done our current assignment, go back a section or two and tr a few problems. You will be amazed at how much our knowledge will improve with a regular review.. EQUATIONS OF LINES IN SLOPE- INTERCEPT AND STANDARD FORM In Section. ou learned that the graph of all solutions to a linear equation in two variables is a straight line. In this section we start with a line or a description of a line and write an equation for the line. The equation of a line in an form is called a linear equation in two variables. Slope-Intercept Form Consider the line through (0, ) with slope shown in Fig... If we use the points (, ) and (0, ) in the slope formula, we get an equation that is satisfied b ever point on the line: m Slope formula 0 Let (, ) (0, ) and (, ) (, ). Now solve the equation for : Multipl each side b. Add to each side. Because (0, ) is on the -ais, it is called the -intercept of the line. Note how the slope and the -coordinate of the -intercept (0, ) appear in. For this reason it is called the slope-intercept form of the equation of the line. Slope-Intercept Form The equation of the line with -intercept (0, b) and slope m is m b. E X A M P L E Using slope-intercept form Write the equation of each line in slope-intercept form. a) b) c) (, ) (0, ) (0, 0) (, ) (0, ) (, )

2 8 ( 6) Chapter Linear Equations in Two Variables and Their Graphs calculator close-up Since a graphing calculator screen has a finite number of piels, a graphing calculator plots onl a finite number of ordered pairs that satisf an equation. A graph is supposed to be a picture of all of the ordered pairs that satisf an equation. Because a calculator plots man ordered pairs accuratel and quickl, it can be a great help in drawing the graph of an equation. a) The -intercept is (0, ), and the slope is. Use the form m b with b andm. The equation in slope-intercept form is. b) The -intercept is (0, 0), and the slope is. So the equation is. c) The -intercept is (0, ), and the slope is. So the equation is. The equation of a line ma take man different forms. The easiest wa to find the slope and -intercept for a line is to rewrite the equation in slope-intercept form. E X A M P L E Finding slope and -intercept Determine the slope and -intercept of the line 6. Solve for to get slope-intercept form: 6 6 The slope is, and the -intercept is (0, ). helpful hint Standard Form The graph of the equation is a vertical line. Because slope is not defined for vertical lines, this line does not have an equation in slope-intercept form. Onl nonvertical lines have equations in slope-intercept form. However, there is a form that includes all lines. It is called standard form. In geometr we learn that two points determine a line. However, if ou locate two points that are close together and draw a line through them, our line can have a lot of error in it at locations far from the two chosen points. Locating five points on the graph will improve our accurac. If ou draw a straight line with two points, the should be chosen as far as possible from each other. Standard Form Ever line has an equation in the form A B C where A, B, and C are real numbers with A and B not both zero. To write the equation in this form, let A, B 0, and C. We get 0, which is equivalent to. In Eample we converted an equation in standard form to slope-intercept form. An linear equation in standard form with B 0 can be written in slope-intercept

3 . Equations of Lines in Slope-Intercept and Standard Form ( 7) 8 form b solving for. In the net eample we convert an equation in slope-intercept form to standard form. E X A M P L E Converting to standard form Write the equation of the line in standard form using onl integers. To get standard form, first subtract from each side: Multipl each side b to eliminate the fraction and get positive. The answer in Eample is not the onl answer using onl integers. Equations such as and 0 0 are equivalent equations in standard form. We prefer to write because the greatest common factor of,, and is and the coefficient of is positive. Using Slope-Intercept Form for Graphing One wa to graph a linear equation is to find several points that satisf the equation and then draw a straight line through them. We can also graph a linear equation b using the -intercept and the slope. Strateg for Graphing a Line Using Slope and -Intercept. Write the equation in slope-intercept form if necessar.. Plot the -intercept.. Starting from the -intercept, use the rise and run to locate a second point.. Draw a line through the two points. E X A M P L E To check Eample, graph ( ) on a graphing calculator as follows: calculator close-up The calculator graph is consistent with the graph in Fig... Graphing a line using -intercept and slope Graph the line. First write the equation in slope-intercept form: Subtract from each side. Divide each side b. The slope is, and the -intercept is (0, ). A slope of means a rise of and a run of. Start at (0, ) and go up two units and to the right three units to locate a second point on the line. Now draw a line through the two points. See Fig.. for the graph of. = Run = Rise = FIGURE.

4 8 ( 8) Chapter Linear Equations in Two Variables and Their Graphs CAUTION When using the slope to find a second point on the line, be sure to start at the -intercept, not at the origin. E X A M P L E Graphing a line using -intercept and slope Graph the line. The slope is, and the -intercept is (0, ). Because, we use a rise of and a run of. To locate a second point on the line, start at (0, ) and go down three units and to the right one unit. Draw a line through the two points. See Fig... (0, ) = + + FIGURE. Writing the Equation for a Line In Eample we wrote the equation of a line b finding its slope and -intercept from a graph. In the net eample we write the equation of a line from a description of the line. E X A M P L E 6 Writing an equation Write the equation in slope-intercept form for the line through (0, ) that is perpendicular to the line. First find the slope of : The slope of this line is. The slope of the line that we are interested in is the opposite of the reciprocal of. So the line has slope and-intercept (0, ). Its equation is. calculator close-up If ou use the same minimum and maimum window values for and, then the length of one unit on the -ais is larger than on the -ais because the screen is longer in the -direction. In this case, perpendicular lines will not look perpendicular. The viewing window chosen here for the lines in Eample 6 makes them look perpendicular. An viewing window proportional to this one will also produce approimatel the same unit length on each ais. Some 0 0 calculators have a square feature that automaticall makes the unit length the same on both aes.

5 Applications. Equations of Lines in Slope-Intercept and Standard Form ( 9) 8 The slope-intercept and standard forms are both important in applications. E X A M P L E 7 Changing forms A landscaper has a total of $800 to spend on bushes at $0 each and trees at $0 each. So if is the number of bushes and is the number of trees he can bu, then Write this equation in slope-intercept form. Find and interpret the -intercept and the slope. Write in slope-intercept form: The slope is and the intercept is (0, 6). So he can get 6 trees if he bus no bushes and he loses of a tree for each additional bush that he purchases. WARM-UPS True or false? Eplain our answer.. There is onl one line with -intercept (0, ) and slope.. The equation of the line through (, ) with slope is.. The vertical line has no -intercept.. The equation has a graph that is a vertical line.. The line is perpendicular to the line. 6. The line is parallel to the line. 7. The line 8 has a slope of. 8. Ever straight line in the coordinate plane has an equation in standard form. 9. The line is perpendicular to the line. 0. The line has no -intercept.. EXERCISES Reading and Writing After reading this section, write out the answers to these questions. Use complete sentences.. What is the slope-intercept form for the equation of a line?. How can ou determine the slope and -intercept from the slope-intercept form.. What is the standard form for the equation of a line?. How can ou graph a line when the equation is in slopeintercept form?

6 86 ( 0) Chapter Linear Equations in Two Variables and Their Graphs. What form is used in this section to write an equation of a line from a description of the line? 6. What makes lines look perpendicular on a graph?. Write an equation for each line. Use slope-intercept form if possible. See Eample

7 . Equations of Lines in Slope-Intercept and Standard Form ( ) Draw the graph of each line using its -intercept and its slope. See Eamples and Find the slope and -intercept for each line that has a slope and -intercept. See Eample Write each equation in standard form using onl integers. See Eample

8 88 ( ) Chapter Linear Equations in Two Variables and Their Graphs Write an equation in slope-intercept form, if possible, for each line. See Eample 6. In each case, make a sketch. 6. The line through (0, 6) that is perpendicular to the line 6. The line through (0, ) that is perpendicular to the line 6. The line with -intercept (0, ) that is parallel to the line 66. The line through the origin that is parallel to the line The line through (, ) that runs parallel to the -ais 68. The line through (, ) that runs parallel to the -ais 69. The line through (0, ) and (, 0) The line through (0, ) and (, 0) Solve each problem. See Eample Marginal cost. A manufacturer plans to spend $0,000 on research and development for a new lawn mower and then $00 to manufacture each mower. The formula C 00n 0,000 gives the cost in dollars of n mowers. What is the cost of 000 mowers? What is the cost of 00 mowers? B how much did the one etra lawn mower increase the cost? (The increase in cost is called the marginal cost of the 00st lawn mower.) 7. Marginal revenue. A defense attorne charges her client $000 plus $0 per hour. The formula R 0n 000 gives her revenue in dollars for 6. 0 Revenue (thousands of dollars) Time (hours) FIGURE FOR EXERCISE 7

9 . Equations of Lines in Slope-Intercept and Standard Form ( ) 89 n hours of work. What is her revenue for 00 hours of work? What is her revenue for 0 hours of work? B how much did the one etra hour of work increase the revenue? (The increase in revenue is called the marginal revenue for the 0st hour.) 7. In-house training. The accompaning graph shows the percentage of U.S. workers receiving training b their emploers. The percentage went from % in ear 0 (98) to 6% in ear (99). a) Find the slope of this line. b) Write the equation of the line in slope-intercept form. c) Use our equation to predict the percentage that will be receiving training in the ear 000. d) What is the slope of the line? e) What does the slope tell ou? 76. Pens and pencils. A bookstore manager plans to spend $60 on pens at 0 cents each and pencils at 0 cents each. The equation can be used to model this situation. a) What do and represent? b) Graph the equation. 0 Percentage of workers receiving training 0 0 (98) Year (99) FIGURE FOR EXERCISE 7 7. Women and marriage. The percentage of women in the 0 to age group who have never married went from 6% in ear 0 (970) to % in ear 6 (996) (Census Bureau, a) Find the equation of the line through the two points (0, 0.6) and (6, 0.) in slope-intercept form. b) Use our equation to predict what the percentage will be in the ear Pansies and snapdragons. A nurser manager plans to spend $00 on 6-packs of pansies at 0 cents per pack and snapdragons at cents per pack. The equation can be used to model this situation. a) What do and represent? c) Write the equation in slope-intercept form. d) What is the slope of the line? e) What does the slope tell ou? GRAPHING CALCULATOR EXERCISES Graph each pair of straight lines on our graphing calculator using a viewing window that makes the lines look perpendicular. Answers ma var , 0 b) Graph the equation , 60 c) Write the equation in slope-intercept form.

SLOPE OF A LINE 3.2. section. helpful. hint. Slope Using Coordinates to Find 6% GRADE 6 100 SLOW VEHICLES KEEP RIGHT

SLOPE OF A LINE 3.2. section. helpful. hint. Slope Using Coordinates to Find 6% GRADE 6 100 SLOW VEHICLES KEEP RIGHT . Slope of a Line (-) 67. 600 68. 00. SLOPE OF A LINE In this section In Section. we saw some equations whose graphs were straight lines. In this section we look at graphs of straight lines in more detail

More information

To Be or Not To Be a Linear Equation: That Is the Question

To Be or Not To Be a Linear Equation: That Is the Question To Be or Not To Be a Linear Equation: That Is the Question Linear Equation in Two Variables A linear equation in two variables is an equation that can be written in the form A + B C where A and B are not

More information

Slope-Intercept Form and Point-Slope Form

Slope-Intercept Form and Point-Slope Form Slope-Intercept Form and Point-Slope Form In this section we will be discussing Slope-Intercept Form and the Point-Slope Form of a line. We will also discuss how to graph using the Slope-Intercept Form.

More information

The Slope-Intercept Form

The Slope-Intercept Form 7.1 The Slope-Intercept Form 7.1 OBJECTIVES 1. Find the slope and intercept from the equation of a line. Given the slope and intercept, write the equation of a line. Use the slope and intercept to graph

More information

5. Equations of Lines: slope intercept & point slope

5. Equations of Lines: slope intercept & point slope 5. Equations of Lines: slope intercept & point slope Slope of the line m rise run Slope-Intercept Form m + b m is slope; b is -intercept Point-Slope Form m( + or m( Slope of parallel lines m m (slopes

More information

MATH REVIEW SHEETS BEGINNING ALGEBRA MATH 60

MATH REVIEW SHEETS BEGINNING ALGEBRA MATH 60 MATH REVIEW SHEETS BEGINNING ALGEBRA MATH 60 A Summar of Concepts Needed to be Successful in Mathematics The following sheets list the ke concepts which are taught in the specified math course. The sheets

More information

Graphing Linear Equations

Graphing Linear Equations 6.3 Graphing Linear Equations 6.3 OBJECTIVES 1. Graph a linear equation b plotting points 2. Graph a linear equation b the intercept method 3. Graph a linear equation b solving the equation for We are

More information

Linear Inequality in Two Variables

Linear Inequality in Two Variables 90 (7-) Chapter 7 Sstems of Linear Equations and Inequalities In this section 7.4 GRAPHING LINEAR INEQUALITIES IN TWO VARIABLES You studied linear equations and inequalities in one variable in Chapter.

More information

The Point-Slope Form

The Point-Slope Form 7. The Point-Slope Form 7. OBJECTIVES 1. Given a point and a slope, find the graph of a line. Given a point and the slope, find the equation of a line. Given two points, find the equation of a line y Slope

More information

Find the Relationship: An Exercise in Graphing Analysis

Find the Relationship: An Exercise in Graphing Analysis Find the Relationship: An Eercise in Graphing Analsis Computer 5 In several laborator investigations ou do this ear, a primar purpose will be to find the mathematical relationship between two variables.

More information

5.1. A Formula for Slope. Investigation: Points and Slope CONDENSED

5.1. A Formula for Slope. Investigation: Points and Slope CONDENSED CONDENSED L E S S O N 5.1 A Formula for Slope In this lesson ou will learn how to calculate the slope of a line given two points on the line determine whether a point lies on the same line as two given

More information

I think that starting

I think that starting . Graphs of Functions 69. GRAPHS OF FUNCTIONS One can envisage that mathematical theor will go on being elaborated and etended indefinitel. How strange that the results of just the first few centuries

More information

Linear Equations in Two Variables

Linear Equations in Two Variables Section. Sets of Numbers and Interval Notation 0 Linear Equations in Two Variables. The Rectangular Coordinate Sstem and Midpoint Formula. Linear Equations in Two Variables. Slope of a Line. Equations

More information

Slope-Intercept Equation. Example

Slope-Intercept Equation. Example 1.4 Equations of Lines and Modeling Find the slope and the y intercept of a line given the equation y = mx + b, or f(x) = mx + b. Graph a linear equation using the slope and the y-intercept. Determine

More information

Solving Quadratic Equations by Graphing. Consider an equation of the form. y ax 2 bx c a 0. In an equation of the form

Solving Quadratic Equations by Graphing. Consider an equation of the form. y ax 2 bx c a 0. In an equation of the form SECTION 11.3 Solving Quadratic Equations b Graphing 11.3 OBJECTIVES 1. Find an ais of smmetr 2. Find a verte 3. Graph a parabola 4. Solve quadratic equations b graphing 5. Solve an application involving

More information

Solving Equations Involving Parallel and Perpendicular Lines Examples

Solving Equations Involving Parallel and Perpendicular Lines Examples Solving Equations Involving Parallel and Perpendicular Lines Examples. The graphs of y = x, y = x, and y = x + are lines that have the same slope. They are parallel lines. Definition of Parallel Lines

More information

1.3 LINEAR EQUATIONS IN TWO VARIABLES. Copyright Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

1.3 LINEAR EQUATIONS IN TWO VARIABLES. Copyright Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. 1.3 LINEAR EQUATIONS IN TWO VARIABLES Copyright Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. What You Should Learn Use slope to graph linear equations in two variables. Find the slope of a line given two points

More information

THE POWER RULES. Raising an Exponential Expression to a Power

THE POWER RULES. Raising an Exponential Expression to a Power 8 (5-) Chapter 5 Eponents and Polnomials 5. THE POWER RULES In this section Raising an Eponential Epression to a Power Raising a Product to a Power Raising a Quotient to a Power Variable Eponents Summar

More information

THE PARABOLA 13.2. section

THE PARABOLA 13.2. section 698 (3 0) Chapter 3 Nonlinear Sstems and the Conic Sections 49. Fencing a rectangle. If 34 ft of fencing are used to enclose a rectangular area of 72 ft 2, then what are the dimensions of the area? 50.

More information

What does the number m in y = mx + b measure? To find out, suppose (x 1, y 1 ) and (x 2, y 2 ) are two points on the graph of y = mx + b.

What does the number m in y = mx + b measure? To find out, suppose (x 1, y 1 ) and (x 2, y 2 ) are two points on the graph of y = mx + b. PRIMARY CONTENT MODULE Algebra - Linear Equations & Inequalities T-37/H-37 What does the number m in y = mx + b measure? To find out, suppose (x 1, y 1 ) and (x 2, y 2 ) are two points on the graph of

More information

SYSTEMS OF LINEAR EQUATIONS

SYSTEMS OF LINEAR EQUATIONS SYSTEMS OF LINEAR EQUATIONS Sstems of linear equations refer to a set of two or more linear equations used to find the value of the unknown variables. If the set of linear equations consist of two equations

More information

D.2. The Cartesian Plane. The Cartesian Plane The Distance and Midpoint Formulas Equations of Circles. D10 APPENDIX D Precalculus Review

D.2. The Cartesian Plane. The Cartesian Plane The Distance and Midpoint Formulas Equations of Circles. D10 APPENDIX D Precalculus Review D0 APPENDIX D Precalculus Review SECTION D. The Cartesian Plane The Cartesian Plane The Distance and Midpoint Formulas Equations of Circles The Cartesian Plane An ordered pair, of real numbers has as its

More information

EQUATIONS and INEQUALITIES

EQUATIONS and INEQUALITIES EQUATIONS and INEQUALITIES Linear Equations and Slope 1. Slope a. Calculate the slope of a line given two points b. Calculate the slope of a line parallel to a given line. c. Calculate the slope of a line

More information

LESSON EIII.E EXPONENTS AND LOGARITHMS

LESSON EIII.E EXPONENTS AND LOGARITHMS LESSON EIII.E EXPONENTS AND LOGARITHMS LESSON EIII.E EXPONENTS AND LOGARITHMS OVERVIEW Here s what ou ll learn in this lesson: Eponential Functions a. Graphing eponential functions b. Applications of eponential

More information

Name Date. Break-Even Analysis

Name Date. Break-Even Analysis Name Date Break-Even Analsis In our business planning so far, have ou ever asked the questions: How much do I have to sell to reach m gross profit goal? What price should I charge to cover m costs and

More information

INVESTIGATIONS AND FUNCTIONS 1.1.1 1.1.4. Example 1

INVESTIGATIONS AND FUNCTIONS 1.1.1 1.1.4. Example 1 Chapter 1 INVESTIGATIONS AND FUNCTIONS 1.1.1 1.1.4 This opening section introduces the students to man of the big ideas of Algebra 2, as well as different was of thinking and various problem solving strategies.

More information

Section 7.2 Linear Programming: The Graphical Method

Section 7.2 Linear Programming: The Graphical Method Section 7.2 Linear Programming: The Graphical Method Man problems in business, science, and economics involve finding the optimal value of a function (for instance, the maimum value of the profit function

More information

NAME DATE PERIOD. 11. Is the relation (year, percent of women) a function? Explain. Yes; each year is

NAME DATE PERIOD. 11. Is the relation (year, percent of women) a function? Explain. Yes; each year is - NAME DATE PERID Functions Determine whether each relation is a function. Eplain.. {(, ), (0, 9), (, 0), (7, 0)} Yes; each value is paired with onl one value.. {(, ), (, ), (, ), (, ), (, )}. No; in the

More information

Section 1.1 Linear Equations: Slope and Equations of Lines

Section 1.1 Linear Equations: Slope and Equations of Lines Section. Linear Equations: Slope and Equations of Lines Slope The measure of the steepness of a line is called the slope of the line. It is the amount of change in y, the rise, divided by the amount of

More information

1. a. standard form of a parabola with. 2 b 1 2 horizontal axis of symmetry 2. x 2 y 2 r 2 o. standard form of an ellipse centered

1. a. standard form of a parabola with. 2 b 1 2 horizontal axis of symmetry 2. x 2 y 2 r 2 o. standard form of an ellipse centered Conic Sections. Distance Formula and Circles. More on the Parabola. The Ellipse and Hperbola. Nonlinear Sstems of Equations in Two Variables. Nonlinear Inequalities and Sstems of Inequalities In Chapter,

More information

Writing the Equation of a Line in Slope-Intercept Form

Writing the Equation of a Line in Slope-Intercept Form Writing the Equation of a Line in Slope-Intercept Form Slope-Intercept Form y = mx + b Example 1: Give the equation of the line in slope-intercept form a. With y-intercept (0, 2) and slope -9 b. Passing

More information

Why should we learn this? One real-world connection is to find the rate of change in an airplane s altitude. The Slope of a Line VOCABULARY

Why should we learn this? One real-world connection is to find the rate of change in an airplane s altitude. The Slope of a Line VOCABULARY Wh should we learn this? The Slope of a Line Objectives: To find slope of a line given two points, and to graph a line using the slope and the -intercept. One real-world connection is to find the rate

More information

C3: Functions. Learning objectives

C3: Functions. Learning objectives CHAPTER C3: Functions Learning objectives After studing this chapter ou should: be familiar with the terms one-one and man-one mappings understand the terms domain and range for a mapping understand the

More information

THIS CHAPTER INTRODUCES the Cartesian coordinate

THIS CHAPTER INTRODUCES the Cartesian coordinate 87533_01_ch1_p001-066 1/30/08 9:36 AM Page 1 STRAIGHT LINES AND LINEAR FUNCTIONS 1 THIS CHAPTER INTRODUCES the Cartesian coordinate sstem, a sstem that allows us to represent points in the plane in terms

More information

SECTION 2.2. Distance and Midpoint Formulas; Circles

SECTION 2.2. Distance and Midpoint Formulas; Circles SECTION. Objectives. Find the distance between two points.. Find the midpoint of a line segment.. Write the standard form of a circle s equation.. Give the center and radius of a circle whose equation

More information

Indiana State Core Curriculum Standards updated 2009 Algebra I

Indiana State Core Curriculum Standards updated 2009 Algebra I Indiana State Core Curriculum Standards updated 2009 Algebra I Strand Description Boardworks High School Algebra presentations Operations With Real Numbers Linear Equations and A1.1 Students simplify and

More information

Direct Variation. 1. Write an equation for a direct variation relationship 2. Graph the equation of a direct variation relationship

Direct Variation. 1. Write an equation for a direct variation relationship 2. Graph the equation of a direct variation relationship 6.5 Direct Variation 6.5 OBJECTIVES 1. Write an equation for a direct variation relationship 2. Graph the equation of a direct variation relationship Pedro makes $25 an hour as an electrician. If he works

More information

1 Determine whether an. 2 Solve systems of linear. 3 Solve systems of linear. 4 Solve systems of linear. 5 Select the most efficient

1 Determine whether an. 2 Solve systems of linear. 3 Solve systems of linear. 4 Solve systems of linear. 5 Select the most efficient Section 3.1 Systems of Linear Equations in Two Variables 163 SECTION 3.1 SYSTEMS OF LINEAR EQUATIONS IN TWO VARIABLES Objectives 1 Determine whether an ordered pair is a solution of a system of linear

More information

x x y y Then, my slope is =. Notice, if we use the slope formula, we ll get the same thing: m =

x x y y Then, my slope is =. Notice, if we use the slope formula, we ll get the same thing: m = Slope and Lines The slope of a line is a ratio that measures the incline of the line. As a result, the smaller the incline, the closer the slope is to zero and the steeper the incline, the farther the

More information

Math 152, Intermediate Algebra Practice Problems #1

Math 152, Intermediate Algebra Practice Problems #1 Math 152, Intermediate Algebra Practice Problems 1 Instructions: These problems are intended to give ou practice with the tpes Joseph Krause and level of problems that I epect ou to be able to do. Work

More information

2.7 Applications of Derivatives to Business

2.7 Applications of Derivatives to Business 80 CHAPTER 2 Applications of the Derivative 2.7 Applications of Derivatives to Business and Economics Cost = C() In recent ears, economic decision making has become more and more mathematicall oriented.

More information

1.6. Piecewise Functions. LEARN ABOUT the Math. Representing the problem using a graphical model

1.6. Piecewise Functions. LEARN ABOUT the Math. Representing the problem using a graphical model . Piecewise Functions YOU WILL NEED graph paper graphing calculator GOAL Understand, interpret, and graph situations that are described b piecewise functions. LEARN ABOUT the Math A cit parking lot uses

More information

LINEAR FUNCTIONS OF 2 VARIABLES

LINEAR FUNCTIONS OF 2 VARIABLES CHAPTER 4: LINEAR FUNCTIONS OF 2 VARIABLES 4.1 RATES OF CHANGES IN DIFFERENT DIRECTIONS From Precalculus, we know that is a linear function if the rate of change of the function is constant. I.e., for

More information

SECTION 2-2 Straight Lines

SECTION 2-2 Straight Lines - Straight Lines 11 94. Engineering. The cross section of a rivet has a top that is an arc of a circle (see the figure). If the ends of the arc are 1 millimeters apart and the top is 4 millimeters above

More information

Chapter 8. Lines and Planes. By the end of this chapter, you will

Chapter 8. Lines and Planes. By the end of this chapter, you will Chapter 8 Lines and Planes In this chapter, ou will revisit our knowledge of intersecting lines in two dimensions and etend those ideas into three dimensions. You will investigate the nature of planes

More information

FINAL EXAM REVIEW MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

FINAL EXAM REVIEW MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. FINAL EXAM REVIEW MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Determine whether or not the relationship shown in the table is a function. 1) -

More information

A synonym is a word that has the same or almost the same definition of

A synonym is a word that has the same or almost the same definition of Slope-Intercept Form Determining the Rate of Change and y-intercept Learning Goals In this lesson, you will: Graph lines using the slope and y-intercept. Calculate the y-intercept of a line when given

More information

Higher. Polynomials and Quadratics 64

Higher. Polynomials and Quadratics 64 hsn.uk.net Higher Mathematics UNIT OUTCOME 1 Polnomials and Quadratics Contents Polnomials and Quadratics 64 1 Quadratics 64 The Discriminant 66 3 Completing the Square 67 4 Sketching Parabolas 70 5 Determining

More information

Zeros of Polynomial Functions. The Fundamental Theorem of Algebra. The Fundamental Theorem of Algebra. zero in the complex number system.

Zeros of Polynomial Functions. The Fundamental Theorem of Algebra. The Fundamental Theorem of Algebra. zero in the complex number system. _.qd /7/ 9:6 AM Page 69 Section. Zeros of Polnomial Functions 69. Zeros of Polnomial Functions What ou should learn Use the Fundamental Theorem of Algebra to determine the number of zeros of polnomial

More information

Review of Intermediate Algebra Content

Review of Intermediate Algebra Content Review of Intermediate Algebra Content Table of Contents Page Factoring GCF and Trinomials of the Form + b + c... Factoring Trinomials of the Form a + b + c... Factoring Perfect Square Trinomials... 6

More information

HIBBING COMMUNITY COLLEGE COURSE OUTLINE

HIBBING COMMUNITY COLLEGE COURSE OUTLINE HIBBING COMMUNITY COLLEGE COURSE OUTLINE COURSE NUMBER & TITLE: - Beginning Algebra CREDITS: 4 (Lec 4 / Lab 0) PREREQUISITES: MATH 0920: Fundamental Mathematics with a grade of C or better, Placement Exam,

More information

Summer Math Exercises. For students who are entering. Pre-Calculus

Summer Math Exercises. For students who are entering. Pre-Calculus Summer Math Eercises For students who are entering Pre-Calculus It has been discovered that idle students lose learning over the summer months. To help you succeed net fall and perhaps to help you learn

More information

Algebraic expressions are a combination of numbers and variables. Here are examples of some basic algebraic expressions.

Algebraic expressions are a combination of numbers and variables. Here are examples of some basic algebraic expressions. Page 1 of 13 Review of Linear Expressions and Equations Skills involving linear equations can be divided into the following groups: Simplifying algebraic expressions. Linear expressions. Solving linear

More information

Warm Up. Write an equation given the slope and y-intercept. Write an equation of the line shown.

Warm Up. Write an equation given the slope and y-intercept. Write an equation of the line shown. Warm Up Write an equation given the slope and y-intercept Write an equation of the line shown. EXAMPLE 1 Write an equation given the slope and y-intercept From the graph, you can see that the slope is

More information

Math 0980 Chapter Objectives. Chapter 1: Introduction to Algebra: The Integers.

Math 0980 Chapter Objectives. Chapter 1: Introduction to Algebra: The Integers. Math 0980 Chapter Objectives Chapter 1: Introduction to Algebra: The Integers. 1. Identify the place value of a digit. 2. Write a number in words or digits. 3. Write positive and negative numbers used

More information

CHAPTER 1 Linear Equations

CHAPTER 1 Linear Equations CHAPTER 1 Linear Equations 1.1. Lines The rectangular coordinate system is also called the Cartesian plane. It is formed by two real number lines, the horizontal axis or x-axis, and the vertical axis or

More information

Linear Equations. Find the domain and the range of the following set. {(4,5), (7,8), (-1,3), (3,3), (2,-3)}

Linear Equations. Find the domain and the range of the following set. {(4,5), (7,8), (-1,3), (3,3), (2,-3)} Linear Equations Domain and Range Domain refers to the set of possible values of the x-component of a point in the form (x,y). Range refers to the set of possible values of the y-component of a point in

More information

Exponential and Logarithmic Functions

Exponential and Logarithmic Functions Chapter 6 Eponential and Logarithmic Functions Section summaries Section 6.1 Composite Functions Some functions are constructed in several steps, where each of the individual steps is a function. For eample,

More information

Vocabulary Words and Definitions for Algebra

Vocabulary Words and Definitions for Algebra Name: Period: Vocabulary Words and s for Algebra Absolute Value Additive Inverse Algebraic Expression Ascending Order Associative Property Axis of Symmetry Base Binomial Coefficient Combine Like Terms

More information

15.1. Exact Differential Equations. Exact First-Order Equations. Exact Differential Equations Integrating Factors

15.1. Exact Differential Equations. Exact First-Order Equations. Exact Differential Equations Integrating Factors SECTION 5. Eact First-Order Equations 09 SECTION 5. Eact First-Order Equations Eact Differential Equations Integrating Factors Eact Differential Equations In Section 5.6, ou studied applications of differential

More information

Graphing Linear Equations

Graphing Linear Equations Graphing Linear Equations I. Graphing Linear Equations a. The graphs of first degree (linear) equations will always be straight lines. b. Graphs of lines can have Positive Slope Negative Slope Zero slope

More information

Graphing - Parallel and Perpendicular Lines

Graphing - Parallel and Perpendicular Lines . Graphing - Parallel and Perpendicular Lines Objective: Identify the equation of a line given a parallel or perpendicular line. There is an interesting connection between the slope of lines that are parallel

More information

2.5 Library of Functions; Piecewise-defined Functions

2.5 Library of Functions; Piecewise-defined Functions SECTION.5 Librar of Functions; Piecewise-defined Functions 07.5 Librar of Functions; Piecewise-defined Functions PREPARING FOR THIS SECTION Before getting started, review the following: Intercepts (Section.,

More information

Name Class Date. Additional Vocabulary Support

Name Class Date. Additional Vocabulary Support - Additional Vocabular Support Rate of Change and Slope Concept List negative slope positive slope rate of change rise run slope slope formula slope of horizontal line slope of vertical line Choose the

More information

10.1. Solving Quadratic Equations. Investigation: Rocket Science CONDENSED

10.1. Solving Quadratic Equations. Investigation: Rocket Science CONDENSED CONDENSED L E S S O N 10.1 Solving Quadratic Equations In this lesson you will look at quadratic functions that model projectile motion use tables and graphs to approimate solutions to quadratic equations

More information

DISTANCE, CIRCLES, AND QUADRATIC EQUATIONS

DISTANCE, CIRCLES, AND QUADRATIC EQUATIONS a p p e n d i g DISTANCE, CIRCLES, AND QUADRATIC EQUATIONS DISTANCE BETWEEN TWO POINTS IN THE PLANE Suppose that we are interested in finding the distance d between two points P (, ) and P (, ) in the

More information

Ellington High School Principal

Ellington High School Principal Mr. Neil Rinaldi Ellington High School Principal 7 MAPLE STREET ELLINGTON, CT 0609 Mr. Dan Uriano (860) 896- Fa (860) 896-66 Assistant Principal Mr. Peter Corbett Lead Teacher Mrs. Suzanne Markowski Guidance

More information

REVIEW OF ANALYTIC GEOMETRY

REVIEW OF ANALYTIC GEOMETRY REVIEW OF ANALYTIC GEOMETRY The points in a plane can be identified with ordered pairs of real numbers. We start b drawing two perpendicular coordinate lines that intersect at the origin O on each line.

More information

FACTORING ax 2 bx c WITH a 1

FACTORING ax 2 bx c WITH a 1 296 (6 20) Chapter 6 Factoring 6.4 FACTORING a 2 b c WITH a 1 In this section The ac Method Trial and Error Factoring Completely In Section 6.3 we factored trinomials with a leading coefficient of 1. In

More information

Worksheet A5: Slope Intercept Form

Worksheet A5: Slope Intercept Form Name Date Worksheet A5: Slope Intercept Form Find the Slope of each line below 1 3 Y - - - - - - - - - - Graph the lines containing the point below, then find their slopes from counting on the graph!.

More information

Write the Equation of the Line Review

Write the Equation of the Line Review Connecting Algebra 1 to Advanced Placement* Mathematics A Resource and Strategy Guide Objective: Students will be assessed on their ability to write the equation of a line in multiple methods. Connections

More information

Chapter 3 & 8.1-8.3. Determine whether the pair of equations represents parallel lines. Work must be shown. 2) 3x - 4y = 10 16x + 8y = 10

Chapter 3 & 8.1-8.3. Determine whether the pair of equations represents parallel lines. Work must be shown. 2) 3x - 4y = 10 16x + 8y = 10 Chapter 3 & 8.1-8.3 These are meant for practice. The actual test is different. Determine whether the pair of equations represents parallel lines. 1) 9 + 3 = 12 27 + 9 = 39 1) Determine whether the pair

More information

When I was 3.1 POLYNOMIAL FUNCTIONS

When I was 3.1 POLYNOMIAL FUNCTIONS 146 Chapter 3 Polnomial and Rational Functions Section 3.1 begins with basic definitions and graphical concepts and gives an overview of ke properties of polnomial functions. In Sections 3.2 and 3.3 we

More information

Common Core Unit Summary Grades 6 to 8

Common Core Unit Summary Grades 6 to 8 Common Core Unit Summary Grades 6 to 8 Grade 8: Unit 1: Congruence and Similarity- 8G1-8G5 rotations reflections and translations,( RRT=congruence) understand congruence of 2 d figures after RRT Dilations

More information

Lecture 9: Lines. m = y 2 y 1 x 2 x 1

Lecture 9: Lines. m = y 2 y 1 x 2 x 1 Lecture 9: Lines If we have two distinct points in the Cartesian plane, there is a unique line which passes through the two points. We can construct it by joining the points with a straight edge and extending

More information

1.6. Piecewise Functions. LEARN ABOUT the Math. Representing the problem using a graphical model

1.6. Piecewise Functions. LEARN ABOUT the Math. Representing the problem using a graphical model 1. Piecewise Functions YOU WILL NEED graph paper graphing calculator GOAL Understand, interpret, and graph situations that are described b piecewise functions. LEARN ABOUT the Math A cit parking lot uses

More information

MATH 095, College Prep Mathematics: Unit Coverage Pre-algebra topics (arithmetic skills) offered through BSE (Basic Skills Education)

MATH 095, College Prep Mathematics: Unit Coverage Pre-algebra topics (arithmetic skills) offered through BSE (Basic Skills Education) MATH 095, College Prep Mathematics: Unit Coverage Pre-algebra topics (arithmetic skills) offered through BSE (Basic Skills Education) Accurately add, subtract, multiply, and divide whole numbers, integers,

More information

What are the place values to the left of the decimal point and their associated powers of ten?

What are the place values to the left of the decimal point and their associated powers of ten? The verbal answers to all of the following questions should be memorized before completion of algebra. Answers that are not memorized will hinder your ability to succeed in geometry and algebra. (Everything

More information

Higher Education Math Placement

Higher Education Math Placement Higher Education Math Placement Placement Assessment Problem Types 1. Whole Numbers, Fractions, and Decimals 1.1 Operations with Whole Numbers Addition with carry Subtraction with borrowing Multiplication

More information

Algebra I. In this technological age, mathematics is more important than ever. When students

Algebra I. In this technological age, mathematics is more important than ever. When students In this technological age, mathematics is more important than ever. When students leave school, they are more and more likely to use mathematics in their work and everyday lives operating computer equipment,

More information

So, using the new notation, P X,Y (0,1) =.08 This is the value which the joint probability function for X and Y takes when X=0 and Y=1.

So, using the new notation, P X,Y (0,1) =.08 This is the value which the joint probability function for X and Y takes when X=0 and Y=1. Joint probabilit is the probabilit that the RVs & Y take values &. like the PDF of the two events, and. We will denote a joint probabilit function as P,Y (,) = P(= Y=) Marginal probabilit of is the probabilit

More information

Downloaded from www.heinemann.co.uk/ib. equations. 2.4 The reciprocal function x 1 x

Downloaded from www.heinemann.co.uk/ib. equations. 2.4 The reciprocal function x 1 x Functions and equations Assessment statements. Concept of function f : f (); domain, range, image (value). Composite functions (f g); identit function. Inverse function f.. The graph of a function; its

More information

Brunswick High School has reinstated a summer math curriculum for students Algebra 1, Geometry, and Algebra 2 for the 2014-2015 school year.

Brunswick High School has reinstated a summer math curriculum for students Algebra 1, Geometry, and Algebra 2 for the 2014-2015 school year. Brunswick High School has reinstated a summer math curriculum for students Algebra 1, Geometry, and Algebra 2 for the 2014-2015 school year. Goal The goal of the summer math program is to help students

More information

Chapter 6 Quadratic Functions

Chapter 6 Quadratic Functions Chapter 6 Quadratic Functions Determine the characteristics of quadratic functions Sketch Quadratics Solve problems modelled b Quadratics 6.1Quadratic Functions A quadratic function is of the form where

More information

2.6. The Circle. Introduction. Prerequisites. Learning Outcomes

2.6. The Circle. Introduction. Prerequisites. Learning Outcomes The Circle 2.6 Introduction A circle is one of the most familiar geometrical figures and has been around a long time! In this brief Section we discuss the basic coordinate geometr of a circle - in particular

More information

Big Bend Community College. Beginning Algebra MPC 095. Lab Notebook

Big Bend Community College. Beginning Algebra MPC 095. Lab Notebook Big Bend Community College Beginning Algebra MPC 095 Lab Notebook Beginning Algebra Lab Notebook by Tyler Wallace is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. Permissions beyond

More information

ax 2 by 2 cxy dx ey f 0 The Distance Formula The distance d between two points (x 1, y 1 ) and (x 2, y 2 ) is given by d (x 2 x 1 )

ax 2 by 2 cxy dx ey f 0 The Distance Formula The distance d between two points (x 1, y 1 ) and (x 2, y 2 ) is given by d (x 2 x 1 ) SECTION 1. The Circle 1. OBJECTIVES The second conic section we look at is the circle. The circle can be described b using the standard form for a conic section, 1. Identif the graph of an equation as

More information

In this this review we turn our attention to the square root function, the function defined by the equation. f(x) = x. (5.1)

In this this review we turn our attention to the square root function, the function defined by the equation. f(x) = x. (5.1) Section 5.2 The Square Root 1 5.2 The Square Root In this this review we turn our attention to the square root function, the function defined b the equation f() =. (5.1) We can determine the domain and

More information

Chapter 9. Systems of Linear Equations

Chapter 9. Systems of Linear Equations Chapter 9. Systems of Linear Equations 9.1. Solve Systems of Linear Equations by Graphing KYOTE Standards: CR 21; CA 13 In this section we discuss how to solve systems of two linear equations in two variables

More information

The Big Picture. Correlation. Scatter Plots. Data

The Big Picture. Correlation. Scatter Plots. Data The Big Picture Correlation Bret Hanlon and Bret Larget Department of Statistics Universit of Wisconsin Madison December 6, We have just completed a length series of lectures on ANOVA where we considered

More information

Solving Absolute Value Equations and Inequalities Graphically

Solving Absolute Value Equations and Inequalities Graphically 4.5 Solving Absolute Value Equations and Inequalities Graphicall 4.5 OBJECTIVES 1. Draw the graph of an absolute value function 2. Solve an absolute value equation graphicall 3. Solve an absolute value

More information

Zero and Negative Exponents and Scientific Notation. a a n a m n. Now, suppose that we allow m to equal n. We then have. a am m a 0 (1) a m

Zero and Negative Exponents and Scientific Notation. a a n a m n. Now, suppose that we allow m to equal n. We then have. a am m a 0 (1) a m 0. E a m p l e 666SECTION 0. OBJECTIVES. Define the zero eponent. Simplif epressions with negative eponents. Write a number in scientific notation. Solve an application of scientific notation We must have

More information

135 Final Review. Determine whether the graph is symmetric with respect to the x-axis, the y-axis, and/or the origin.

135 Final Review. Determine whether the graph is symmetric with respect to the x-axis, the y-axis, and/or the origin. 13 Final Review Find the distance d(p1, P2) between the points P1 and P2. 1) P1 = (, -6); P2 = (7, -2) 2 12 2 12 3 Determine whether the graph is smmetric with respect to the -ais, the -ais, and/or the

More information

Algebra 1 Course Information

Algebra 1 Course Information Course Information Course Description: Students will study patterns, relations, and functions, and focus on the use of mathematical models to understand and analyze quantitative relationships. Through

More information

Florida Algebra I EOC Online Practice Test

Florida Algebra I EOC Online Practice Test Florida Algebra I EOC Online Practice Test Directions: This practice test contains 65 multiple-choice questions. Choose the best answer for each question. Detailed answer eplanations appear at the end

More information

Core Maths C2. Revision Notes

Core Maths C2. Revision Notes Core Maths C Revision Notes November 0 Core Maths C Algebra... Polnomials: +,,,.... Factorising... Long division... Remainder theorem... Factor theorem... 4 Choosing a suitable factor... 5 Cubic equations...

More information

Example SECTION 13-1. X-AXIS - the horizontal number line. Y-AXIS - the vertical number line ORIGIN - the point where the x-axis and y-axis cross

Example SECTION 13-1. X-AXIS - the horizontal number line. Y-AXIS - the vertical number line ORIGIN - the point where the x-axis and y-axis cross CHAPTER 13 SECTION 13-1 Geometry and Algebra The Distance Formula COORDINATE PLANE consists of two perpendicular number lines, dividing the plane into four regions called quadrants X-AXIS - the horizontal

More information

Polynomials. Jackie Nicholas Jacquie Hargreaves Janet Hunter

Polynomials. Jackie Nicholas Jacquie Hargreaves Janet Hunter Mathematics Learning Centre Polnomials Jackie Nicholas Jacquie Hargreaves Janet Hunter c 26 Universit of Sdne Mathematics Learning Centre, Universit of Sdne 1 1 Polnomials Man of the functions we will

More information

MATH 60 NOTEBOOK CERTIFICATIONS

MATH 60 NOTEBOOK CERTIFICATIONS MATH 60 NOTEBOOK CERTIFICATIONS Chapter #1: Integers and Real Numbers 1.1a 1.1b 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.8 Chapter #2: Algebraic Expressions, Linear Equations, and Applications 2.1a 2.1b 2.1c 2.2 2.3a 2.3b 2.4 2.5

More information

6. The given function is only drawn for x > 0. Complete the function for x < 0 with the following conditions:

6. The given function is only drawn for x > 0. Complete the function for x < 0 with the following conditions: Precalculus Worksheet 1. Da 1 1. The relation described b the set of points {(-, 5 ),( 0, 5 ),(,8 ),(, 9) } is NOT a function. Eplain wh. For questions - 4, use the graph at the right.. Eplain wh the graph

More information