# Natural gas statistics

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1 Natural gas statistics Joint Rosstat - IEA workshop on Energy Statistics Moscow, Russia, February 2012 Mieke Reece Oil and Gas Statistics IEA Energy Data Centre OECD/IEA 2010

2 Overview The importance of gas in the world The Natural Gas Chain Basic Concepts Natural Gas Production Supply and Consumption Structure of the Questionnaire Table description and definitions Relations within the questionnaire Specific problems

3 World - Share of natural gas in the energy mix Nuclear 0.9% Hydro 1.8% Biofuels & waste 10.6% Other* 0.1% Coal/peat 24.6% Nuclear 5.8% Hydro 2.3% Biofuels & waste 10.2% Other* 0.8% Coal/peat 27.2% Natural Gas 16.0% Natural Gas 20.9% Oil 46.0% Oil 32.8% Increase in the share of natural gas in the world

4 World Use of natural gas % 35% 26% 40% 22% 8% 17% 9% Transformation Energy Industry Transport Non-Energy Other Transformation Energy Industry Transport Non-Energy Other Natural gas use mainly for power generation (transformation)

5 Russia Use of natural gas % 6% 8% 2% 13% 62% 8% 8% 8% 3% 15% 58% Transformation Energy Industry Transport Non-Energy Other Transformation Energy Industry Transport Non-Energy Other Around 60% of Natural gas used for power generation

6 Billion Cubic Metres World Regional Growth Natural Gas Consumption AME EUR ASO LAM EUS AFR MEA ASI AME = OECD Americas EUR = OECD Europe ASO = OECD Asia Oceania LAM = Latin America EUS= Europe/Eurasia AFR = Africa MEA = Middle East ASI = Asia including China

7 Overview The importance of gas in the world The Natural Gas Chain Basic Concepts Natural Gas Production Supply and Consumption Structure of the Questionnaire Table description and definitions Relations within the questionnaire Specific problems

8 Basic concepts Natural gas comprises several gases, but consists mainly of methane As a gas expands or compresses according to temperature and pressure, it is important that when measuring natural gas the temperature and pressure are taken into account Gas is usually measured in : energy unit : TJ - Gross Calorific Value Volume : million m 3 Eurostat/IEA use Standard Conditions: Standard Conditions = 15 degrees C and 760 mm Hg

9 Basic concepts (2) For conversion we need to know how many kj there are per m 3 When reporting data in a balance, specific kj/m 3 conversion factors need to be known for the various flows: Indigenous Production Imports Exports Stock changes Inland Consumption (obs)

10 Basic concepts (3) What is the difference between Gross and Net Calorific Value? Net Calorific value = Gross Calorific Value latent heat of vaporisation of the water vapour produced during combustion of the gas. For gas the difference between Net and Gross is about 10%

11 Natural gas production Extraction of Crude Oil and Associated Gas Other Separation (offshore wells) NGL Crude Oil Associated Gas Annual Oil Questionnaire Gas Flared or reinjected Wellhead Separation (onshore wells) Removal of Liquids in Natural Gas Processing Plants Marketable Production Annual Gas Questionnaire Extraction of Non-Associated Gas Non-Associated Gas Vented Removal of Sulphur and Impurities Coal Mines Colliery Gas

12 Natural gas - supply and consumption Transformation Exports Stock Build Energy Distribution Losses Marketable Production Inland Consumption Transport Imports Stock Draw Residential Commercial Agriculture Industry

13 Overview The importance of gas in the world The Natural Gas Chain Basic Concepts Natural Gas Production Supply and Consumption Structure of the Questionnaire Table description and definitions Relations within the questionnaire Specific problems

14 The natural gas questionnaire 2 units (million m 3, TJ) 5 tables Supply of Natural Gas Consumption of Natural Gas Net Inland Consumption by Sector Total Final Consumption by Sector Imports by Origin Exports by Destination Gas Storage Capacity

15 Supply of natural gas

16 The natural gas questionnaire Definitions Supply Table 1 Indigenous Production dry marketable production (after purification and extraction of NGL and sulphur) Imports and Exports are considered imported or exported when having crossed the physical boundary of a country Stock changes and levels stock levels of recoverable gas change of stock is opening - closing stock level of recoverable gas

17 2010

18 Definitions The natural gas questionnaire Inland Consumption - Table 2a Transformation Sector Natural Gas used for producing another type of energy (electricity, heat) which is after used for final consumption Example: Gas-to-Liquids Energy Sector Natural Gas consumed by Energy Industry Example: Liquefaction plants Distribution Losses

19 2010

20 The natural gas questionnaire Definitions Final Consumption - Table 2b (= derived from final consumers) Different Use Non-Energy Use Report Natural Gas used as a raw material for producing other products (Chemical and Petrochemical Industry) Energy Use Report Natural Gas used as fuel 3 Sectors Industry Sector Transport Sector Other Sectors

21 The natural gas questionnaire Definitions Imports / Exports - Tables 3,4 Requested Data 2 Units: Million m3 et TJ Natural Gas by pipeline and LNG Geographical Breakdown 62 import origin 48 export destination Trade Importance of the ultimate origin or destination Transit trade and re-exports are not to be included

22 The natural gas questionnaire Definitions Gas Storage Capacity Table 5 Location of the storage Type of storage Depleted oil and gas fields Aquifers Salt Cavities Technical Characteristics Working Capacity = total gas storage capacity minus cushion gas Peak Output = maximum rate at which gas can be withdrawn from storage

23 The natural gas questionnaire Relations within the questionnaire Oil Oil questionnaire Table 1 LPG Imports = Total Imports Table 3 Imports by by Origin Coal questionnaire Table 1 Renewables questionnaire Table 1 Manufactured gases Biogases Table 1 Supply Exports = Total Exports Inland Consumption (observed) = Inland Consumption Table 4 Exports by by Destination Table 2 Inland Consumption = Transformation + Energy + Distribution Losses + Total Final Consumption Electricity and Heat questionnaire Table 6a - 6c 6c Inputs to Gross Electricity and Heat Production Table 2a Net Net Inland Consumption by by Sector Table 2b Total Final Consumption by by sector Energy -- use use Non -- energy use use Electricity and Heat questionnaire Table 9g Inputs to Autoproducer Heat and Electricity Generation Table 5 Inputs to to Autoproducer Electricity and Heat Generation per per plant type

24 The natural gas questionnaire Some specific problems regarding gas reporting Common Problems Trade transit trade is often reported as import / export exchange contracts origin not always known due to spot markets and hubs increasing difficulties with liberalised market Units measurement in million cubic metres under Standard conditions - often reported under Normal conditions data in TJ often reported as Net rather than Gross

25 Overview The importance of gas in the world The Natural Gas Chain Basic Concepts Natural Gas Production Supply and Consumption Structure of the Questionnaire Table description and definitions Relations within the questionnaire Specific problems

26 IEA Publications on annual natural gas Publication and CD-ROM Natural Gas Information (hard copy, pdf) CD-ROM On-line Data Service Pay-Per-View Data download Derived publications/analysis: Natural Gas Market Review Energy Statistics of OECD Countries Energy Balances of OECD Countries CO2 Emissions from Fuel Combustion 2011

27 Publications including Natural Gas data Statistics Analysis

28 Online Data Service

29 Thank you! Questions welcome

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