1. Matter that originates from a living organism or the products of their life processes.

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1 Bio Vocabulary Review Name: Directions: Use the MONSTROUS word bank below to pair vocabulary terms with their definition. Each word will be used only once. A. Antibiotics B. Artificial Selection C. ATP D. Autotroph E. Bacilli F. Bacteria G. Bioethics H. Biofuel I. Biotechnology J. Cellular Respiration K. Characteristic L. Chloroplast M. Cillia/Pilli N. Cloning O. Cocci P. Consumer Q. Decomposer R. Disease S. Ethanol T. Fermentation U. Flagella V. Fungi W. Genetic Engineering X. Glucose Y. GMO Z. Heterotroph AA. Host Cell BB. Metabolism CC. Microbiology DD. Mitochondria EE. Need FF. Organic Matter GG. Parasite HH. Pathogen II. Photosynthesis JJ. Prevention KK. Producer LL. Sprilla MM. Stem Cells NN. Stimulus OO. Symbiotic PP. Transmission QQ. Treatment RR. Vaccine SS. Vector TT. Virus 1. Matter that originates from a living organism or the products of their life processes. 2. The study of morality (what is good and bad) surrounding medical research and health care practices. 3. Cell that a virus infects and uses to make copies of itself. 4. An animal that carries and transmits a disease. 5. An organism that feeds on other organisms in a food chain. 6. Something necessary to sustain the life of an organism. 7. Spiral shaped bacteria. 8. Type of prokaryote (lacks a nucleus), some of which cause human disease. 9. To produce or grow a cell, group of cells, or organism from a single original cell. The cells that are produced have identical genetic material (DNA) as the original cell.

2 10. A sugar molecule that is a major energy source for photosynthesis. 11. Adenosine triphosphate a chemical compound that cells use for energy. 12. A cell that has the potential to develop into any of a number of different types of cells. 13. Process by which a disease spreads between organisms (ex. airborne or contact). 14. A group of medicines used to kill or slow the growth of bacteria that cause disease. 15. A property or distinguishing feature. 16. An organism that makes its own food and is usually the beginning of a food web or food chain. 17. A chemical process by which cells release energy from sugar when no oxygen is present. 18. Something that causes a response in a body or part of organism. 19. An organism that manufactures its own food from inorganic substances such as carbon dioxide, nitrogen, and/or sunlight. 20. Used to prevent the development of a specific disease, can be a dead or weakened form of the disease. 21. Whip- like structure used for locomotion. 22. Organisms that absorbs nutrients from the body of another organism, often harming it in the process.

3 23. The use of living organisms to solve an engineering problem or perform an industrial task. Example: using bacteria that feed on hydrocarbons to clean- up an oil spill. 24. The chemical process by which cells produce the substance and energy to sustain life. 25. The process by which some organisms use light energy to join carbon dioxide and water to make nutrients. 26. An organism whose genetic material has been altered using genetic engineering techniques. They are used in biological and medical research, production of pharmaceutical drugs, experimental medicine (e.g. gene therapy), and agriculture (e.g. golden rice, resistance to herbicides). 27. An organism that obtains energy by breaking down the waste of organisms or the remains of dead organisms. 28. Organelle that releases energy by using oxygen to break down sugars. This structure is found in both plant and animal cells. 29. A non- living disease causing particle that uses material inside cells to reproduce. 30. When two or more things live together, can be parasitic or mutualistic. 31. The response to a disease provided through medical professionals. 32. Study of organisms that are too small to see without a microscope. 33. Rod shaped bacteria. 34. The science of altering and cloning genes to produce a new trait in an organism or to make a biological substance such as a protein or hormone. 35. A microbe that causes a disease in an organism.

4 36. An organelle in a plant cell that uses the energy from the sun to make sugar. This structure is only found in plant cells. 37. Methods of reducing the likelihood of contracting a disease. 38. Hair like structures used for locomotion. 39. A process breeders use to produce a new breed or organism that has certain desired traits and then allowing only those individuals to reproduce. 40. Type of eukaryote (has a nucleus) that includes molds, mushrooms, and yeast. 41. An abnormal functioning of the body or part of the body sometimes caused by infections. 42. The biofuel (most commonly used in the transportation industry) that is added to gasoline in order to produce cleaner emissions. 43. The process of metabolism in which cells obtain energy in the form of ATP by causing glucose and other food molecules to react with oxygen. 44. A type of fuel (most commonly used for transportation because they reduce emissions of greenhouse gases) that is derived from living or recently living matter. 45. An organism that cannot manufacture its own food and instead obtains its food and energy by taking in organic substances, usually plant and animal matter. 46. Round or spherical shaped bacteria.

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