1. Matter that originates from a living organism or the products of their life processes.

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "1. Matter that originates from a living organism or the products of their life processes."

Transcription

1 Bio Vocabulary Review Name: Directions: Use the MONSTROUS word bank below to pair vocabulary terms with their definition. Each word will be used only once. A. Antibiotics B. Artificial Selection C. ATP D. Autotroph E. Bacilli F. Bacteria G. Bioethics H. Biofuel I. Biotechnology J. Cellular Respiration K. Characteristic L. Chloroplast M. Cillia/Pilli N. Cloning O. Cocci P. Consumer Q. Decomposer R. Disease S. Ethanol T. Fermentation U. Flagella V. Fungi W. Genetic Engineering X. Glucose Y. GMO Z. Heterotroph AA. Host Cell BB. Metabolism CC. Microbiology DD. Mitochondria EE. Need FF. Organic Matter GG. Parasite HH. Pathogen II. Photosynthesis JJ. Prevention KK. Producer LL. Sprilla MM. Stem Cells NN. Stimulus OO. Symbiotic PP. Transmission QQ. Treatment RR. Vaccine SS. Vector TT. Virus 1. Matter that originates from a living organism or the products of their life processes. 2. The study of morality (what is good and bad) surrounding medical research and health care practices. 3. Cell that a virus infects and uses to make copies of itself. 4. An animal that carries and transmits a disease. 5. An organism that feeds on other organisms in a food chain. 6. Something necessary to sustain the life of an organism. 7. Spiral shaped bacteria. 8. Type of prokaryote (lacks a nucleus), some of which cause human disease. 9. To produce or grow a cell, group of cells, or organism from a single original cell. The cells that are produced have identical genetic material (DNA) as the original cell.

2 10. A sugar molecule that is a major energy source for photosynthesis. 11. Adenosine triphosphate a chemical compound that cells use for energy. 12. A cell that has the potential to develop into any of a number of different types of cells. 13. Process by which a disease spreads between organisms (ex. airborne or contact). 14. A group of medicines used to kill or slow the growth of bacteria that cause disease. 15. A property or distinguishing feature. 16. An organism that makes its own food and is usually the beginning of a food web or food chain. 17. A chemical process by which cells release energy from sugar when no oxygen is present. 18. Something that causes a response in a body or part of organism. 19. An organism that manufactures its own food from inorganic substances such as carbon dioxide, nitrogen, and/or sunlight. 20. Used to prevent the development of a specific disease, can be a dead or weakened form of the disease. 21. Whip- like structure used for locomotion. 22. Organisms that absorbs nutrients from the body of another organism, often harming it in the process.

3 23. The use of living organisms to solve an engineering problem or perform an industrial task. Example: using bacteria that feed on hydrocarbons to clean- up an oil spill. 24. The chemical process by which cells produce the substance and energy to sustain life. 25. The process by which some organisms use light energy to join carbon dioxide and water to make nutrients. 26. An organism whose genetic material has been altered using genetic engineering techniques. They are used in biological and medical research, production of pharmaceutical drugs, experimental medicine (e.g. gene therapy), and agriculture (e.g. golden rice, resistance to herbicides). 27. An organism that obtains energy by breaking down the waste of organisms or the remains of dead organisms. 28. Organelle that releases energy by using oxygen to break down sugars. This structure is found in both plant and animal cells. 29. A non- living disease causing particle that uses material inside cells to reproduce. 30. When two or more things live together, can be parasitic or mutualistic. 31. The response to a disease provided through medical professionals. 32. Study of organisms that are too small to see without a microscope. 33. Rod shaped bacteria. 34. The science of altering and cloning genes to produce a new trait in an organism or to make a biological substance such as a protein or hormone. 35. A microbe that causes a disease in an organism.

4 36. An organelle in a plant cell that uses the energy from the sun to make sugar. This structure is only found in plant cells. 37. Methods of reducing the likelihood of contracting a disease. 38. Hair like structures used for locomotion. 39. A process breeders use to produce a new breed or organism that has certain desired traits and then allowing only those individuals to reproduce. 40. Type of eukaryote (has a nucleus) that includes molds, mushrooms, and yeast. 41. An abnormal functioning of the body or part of the body sometimes caused by infections. 42. The biofuel (most commonly used in the transportation industry) that is added to gasoline in order to produce cleaner emissions. 43. The process of metabolism in which cells obtain energy in the form of ATP by causing glucose and other food molecules to react with oxygen. 44. A type of fuel (most commonly used for transportation because they reduce emissions of greenhouse gases) that is derived from living or recently living matter. 45. An organism that cannot manufacture its own food and instead obtains its food and energy by taking in organic substances, usually plant and animal matter. 46. Round or spherical shaped bacteria.

5

Unit 1 Lesson 6 Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration. Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company

Unit 1 Lesson 6 Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration. Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company Unit 1 Lesson 6 Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration Energize! How do the cells in an organism function? Cells must capture and use energy or they will die. Without energy, living things cannot replace

More information

Regents Biology REVIEW 3: NUTRITION, RESPIRATION & PHOTOSY/NTHESIS

Regents Biology REVIEW 3: NUTRITION, RESPIRATION & PHOTOSY/NTHESIS Period Date REVIEW 3: NUTRITION, RESPIRATION & PHOTOSY/NTHESIS NUTRITION AND METABOLISM All living organisms need energy and nutrients. The energy is used for many purposes, such as synthesis building

More information

Name Period _. Regents Biology Date _ REVIEW 3: NUTRITION, RESPIRATION & PHOTOSY/NTHESIS

Name Period _. Regents Biology Date _ REVIEW 3: NUTRITION, RESPIRATION & PHOTOSY/NTHESIS Name Period _ Regents Biology Date _ REVIEW 3: NUTRITION, RESPIRATION & PHOTOSY/NTHESIS NUTRITION AND METABOLISM All living organisms need energy and nutrients. The energy is used for many purposes, such

More information

Biology 2201 Unit 1: Matter & Energy for Life Chapter 3

Biology 2201 Unit 1: Matter & Energy for Life Chapter 3 Biology 2201 Unit 1: Matter & Energy for Life Chapter 3 One of the basic characteristics of life is the need for energy. Organisms require energy to do work, and no matter what kind of organism, they all

More information

Test I - Viruses, Bacteria, Protists, and Fungi

Test I - Viruses, Bacteria, Protists, and Fungi Test I - Viruses, Bacteria, Protists, and Fungi Matching For questions 1-12, write the letter of the word from the word bank that best fits each description. Only one answer is correct for each question.

More information

Biology Slide 1 of 28

Biology Slide 1 of 28 Biology 1 of 28 2 of 28 The Tree of Life Evolves (The Tree of Life Evolves Systems of classification adapt to new discoveries. Linnaeus classified organisms into two kingdoms animals and plants. The only

More information

Viruses and Prokaryotes

Viruses and Prokaryotes Viruses and Prokaryotes Cellular Basis of Life Q: Are all microbes that make us sick made of living cells? 20.1 What is a virus? WHAT I KNOW SAMPLE ANSWER: A virus is a tiny particle that can make people

More information

1. All living things are able to capture the energy of sunlight and use it to power their life processes.

1. All living things are able to capture the energy of sunlight and use it to power their life processes. 1 Pre-Test Directions: Answer each question TRUE OR FALSE. 1. All living things are able to capture the energy of sunlight and use it to power their life processes. 2. Many animals exhale carbon dioxide,

More information

Topic 3: Nutrition, Photosynthesis, and Respiration

Topic 3: Nutrition, Photosynthesis, and Respiration 1. Base your answer to the following question on the chemical reaction represented below and on your knowledge of biology. If this reaction takes place in an organism that requires sunlight to produce

More information

Name Class Date. Use the terms from the following list to complete the sentences below. Each term may be used only once. Some terms may not be used.

Name Class Date. Use the terms from the following list to complete the sentences below. Each term may be used only once. Some terms may not be used. Assessment Chapter Test B Bacteria and Viruses USING KEY TERMS Use the terms from the following list to complete the sentences below. Each term may be used only once. Some terms may not be used. antiviral

More information

Bacteria 7/21/2009. What are bacteria? Where do bacteria live? Bacterial cells have a cell membrane that is. tough cell wall.

Bacteria 7/21/2009. What are bacteria? Where do bacteria live? Bacterial cells have a cell membrane that is. tough cell wall. What are bacteria? Bacteria Cells function similarly in all living organisms. Bacteria are the only prokaryotes (cells with no nuclei). Bacteria consist of a single, prokaryotic cell. All other life forms

More information

Cellular Respiration: Practice Questions #1

Cellular Respiration: Practice Questions #1 Cellular Respiration: Practice Questions #1 1. Which statement best describes one of the events taking place in the chemical reaction? A. Energy is being stored as a result of aerobic respiration. B. Fermentation

More information

Nucleus Contains the genetic material (DNA) and is the control center of the cell.

Nucleus Contains the genetic material (DNA) and is the control center of the cell. 7-2.1 Summarize the structures and functions of the major components of plant and animal cells (including the cell wall, the cell membrane, the nucleus, chloroplasts, mitochondria, and vacuoles). Taxonomy

More information

Chapter 2 Viruses, Bacteria, Protists, and Fungi

Chapter 2 Viruses, Bacteria, Protists, and Fungi complete petri dishes Chapter 2 Viruses, Bacteria, Protists, and Fungi Viruses Lesson 1 Objectives Name and describe the characteristics of viruses and how they multiply. Discuss both positive and negative

More information

Autotrophs and Heterotrophs

Autotrophs and Heterotrophs 8-1 Energy and Life Autotrophs and Heterotrophs Living things need energy to survive. This energy comes from food. The energy in most food comes from the sun. Where do plants get the energy they need to

More information

INTERMEDIATE LEVEL SCIENCE LIVING ENVIRONMENT CORE CONCEPTS

INTERMEDIATE LEVEL SCIENCE LIVING ENVIRONMENT CORE CONCEPTS INTERMEDIATE LEVEL SCIENCE LIVING ENVIRONMENT CORE CONCEPTS Key Idea 1: Living things are both similar to and different from each other and from nonliving things. 1.1 Compare and contrast the parts of

More information

MICROBES. Growth of Prokaryotes

MICROBES. Growth of Prokaryotes MICROBES Three basic types (1) Eukaryotes have a nucleus and membranous organelles. Includes protozoa and fungi (2) Prokaryotes don t have a nucleus or membranous organelles. Includes bacteria and archaea

More information

Cells & Cell Organelles

Cells & Cell Organelles Cells & Cell Organelles The Building Blocks of Life H Biology Types of cells bacteria cells Prokaryote - no organelles Eukaryotes - organelles animal cells plant cells Cell size comparison Animal cell

More information

Cells & Microbes. Cells are the basic unit of all living things We have to use a microscope to magnify them so we can look at them.

Cells & Microbes. Cells are the basic unit of all living things We have to use a microscope to magnify them so we can look at them. Cells & Microbes Cells are the basic unit of all living things We have to use a microscope to magnify them so we can look at them. Stains, such as iodine solution or methylene blue, can be used to make

More information

After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions:

After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: CHAPTER 4 SECTION 2 Cells: The Basic Units of Life Eukaryotic Cells BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What are the parts of a eukaryotic cell? What

More information

Cell Membrane * A protective layer that covers a cell s surface and acts as a barrier between the inside of a cell and the cell s environment

Cell Membrane * A protective layer that covers a cell s surface and acts as a barrier between the inside of a cell and the cell s environment Cell * The smallest functional and structural unit of all living organisms Organism * Any living thing made up of cells Cell Membrane * A protective layer that covers a cell s surface and acts as a barrier

More information

Directed Reading A. Section: Bacteria s Role in the World GOOD FOR THE ENVIRONMENT. it is called. Skills Worksheet

Directed Reading A. Section: Bacteria s Role in the World GOOD FOR THE ENVIRONMENT. it is called. Skills Worksheet Skills Worksheet Directed Reading A Section: Bacteria s Role in the World 1. What are three places where bacteria live? GOOD FOR THE ENVIRONMENT 2. Which of the following is true? a. All bacteria are bad.

More information

Immune System: Practice Questions #1

Immune System: Practice Questions #1 Immune System: Practice Questions #1 1. An individual who has had chicken pox rarely gets the disease again. This situation is an example of A. biological control B. negative feedback C. active immunity

More information

Page 1. Name: 1) The diagram below represents one possible immune response that can occur in the human body.

Page 1. Name: 1) The diagram below represents one possible immune response that can occur in the human body. Name: 8931-1 - Page 1 1) The diagram below represents one possible immune response that can occur in the human body. 5) One similarity between cell receptors and antibodies is that both A) are involved

More information

Name Class Date. In the space provided, write the letter of the description that best matches the term or phrase.

Name Class Date. In the space provided, write the letter of the description that best matches the term or phrase. Skills Worksheet Directed Reading Section: Energy and Living Things In the space provided, write the letter of the description that best matches the term or phrase. 1. photosynthesis 2. autotroph 3. heterotroph

More information

Some Background Concerning Life Science Content Standards for Fourth-Grade Teachers:

Some Background Concerning Life Science Content Standards for Fourth-Grade Teachers: Some Background Concerning Life Science Content Standards for Fourth-Grade Teachers: Microscopic Organisms by Ellen Deehan, M.S. Contents 1. Introduction 2. Biological Overview: Classification of Organisms

More information

1. Study pages Study vocabulary flashcards (using quizlet link on 6 th grade website).

1. Study pages Study vocabulary flashcards (using quizlet link on 6 th grade website). 1. Study pages 36-77. 2. Study vocabulary flashcards (using quizlet link on 6 th grade website). a. Lesson 1 Viruses What are the characteristics of viruses? o Are they living? Are they cells? THEY ARE

More information

Metabolism. Julie Gall Susan Kolibaba Nathan Perkins

Metabolism. Julie Gall Susan Kolibaba Nathan Perkins Metabolism Julie Gall Susan Kolibaba Nathan Perkins Which Came First? Heterotrophic or autotrophic? Autotrophic is Photosynthesis. Photosynthesis is the primary builder of the organisms on Earth. http://www.field

More information

Bacteria and Viruses. Introduction (page 471) Classifying Prokaryotes (pages ) Chapter 19. Name Class Date. 1. What are prokaryotes?

Bacteria and Viruses. Introduction (page 471) Classifying Prokaryotes (pages ) Chapter 19. Name Class Date. 1. What are prokaryotes? Chapter 19 Bacteria and Viruses Section 19 1 Prokaryotes (pages 471 476) This section describes two groups of prokaryotes and explains how they differ. It also explains what factors are used to identify

More information

Kingdoms Archaebacteria & Eubacteria BACTERIA

Kingdoms Archaebacteria & Eubacteria BACTERIA BACTERIA 3.5 billion years with our little friends. Kingdoms Archaebacteria & Eubacteria Characterized by the prokaryotic cell (no nuclear or organelle membranes). Prokaryotes outnumber all eukaryotes

More information

Energy and Life. Lesson Overview

Energy and Life. Lesson Overview How do plants and other organisms capture energy from the sun? How do organisms store energy? Name 8 different ways your body uses energy. Lesson Overview 8.1 THINK ABOUT IT Homeostasis is hard work. Organisms

More information

Bacteria, Viruses, and Humans. Section 20-3

Bacteria, Viruses, and Humans. Section 20-3 Bacteria, Viruses, and Humans Section 20-3 Roles of Bacteria and Viruses Key Idea: Bacteria play important roles in the environment and in industry. Both bacteria and viruses are important in research.

More information

Photosynthesis Notes

Photosynthesis Notes Photosynthesis Notes Energy and Living Things: All living organisms must have energy to survive. Organisms get this energy from food. Organisms either make their own food or consume other organisms to

More information

Name Date Class. are broken down. Large amounts of usable energy,, are produced. levels are low. fermentation. This process produces and CO 2.

Name Date Class. are broken down. Large amounts of usable energy,, are produced. levels are low. fermentation. This process produces and CO 2. Lesson Outline LESSON 4 Cells and Energy A. Cellular Respiration 1. All things need energy to survive. 2. is a series of chemical reactions that convert the energy in food molecules into a usable form

More information

Chapter 5: Photosynthesis: The Energy of Life pg

Chapter 5: Photosynthesis: The Energy of Life pg UNIT 2: Metabolic Processes Chapter 5: Photosynthesis: The Energy of Life pg. 210-240 All living organisms require energy to survive. All living organisms perform cellular respiration to meet their energy

More information

GCSE Biology Checker Tasks

GCSE Biology Checker Tasks Vocabulary 1 It is very important that you are able to use scientifi c vocabulary accurately. There are many biological terms that you will be familiar with from your GCSE science course and it is now

More information

Chapter 2 Cell Structure and Function Learning Guide

Chapter 2 Cell Structure and Function Learning Guide Name: Team: Block: Date Due Assignment page # Parent initials Teacher initials Lesson 1 Notes & Learning Targets 1 & 2 Lesson 2 Notes & Learning Targets 3 & 4 Lesson 3 Notes & Learning Targets 5 & 6 Lesson

More information

Photosynthesis: Practice Questions #1

Photosynthesis: Practice Questions #1 Photosynthesis: Practice Questions #1 1. An inorganic molecule required by green plants for the process of photosynthesis is A. oxygen B. starch C. carbon dioxide D. glucose 2. Which activity occurs in

More information

Cells S7L2: Students will describe the structure and function of cells, tissues, organs, and organ systems.

Cells S7L2: Students will describe the structure and function of cells, tissues, organs, and organ systems. Cells S7L2: Students will describe the structure and function of cells, tissues, organs, and organ systems. b. Relate cell structures (cell membrane, nucleus, cytoplasm, chloroplasts, and mitochondria)

More information

Name Class Date. What are the parts of a eukaryotic cell? What is the function of each part of a eukaryotic cell?

Name Class Date. What are the parts of a eukaryotic cell? What is the function of each part of a eukaryotic cell? CHAPTER 1 2 SECTION Cells: The Basic Units of Life Eukaryotic Cells BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What are the parts of a eukaryotic cell? What

More information

Kingdom Monera. These notes are to help you check your answers in your Bacteria unit handout package that you received in class.

Kingdom Monera. These notes are to help you check your answers in your Bacteria unit handout package that you received in class. Kingdom Monera These notes are to help you check your answers in your Bacteria unit handout package that you received in class. Textbook reference pages Textbook Section 17-2 & 17-3 pages 360-375 Basic

More information

Unit 1 Lesson 3 Cell Structure and Function. Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company

Unit 1 Lesson 3 Cell Structure and Function. Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company Being Eu-nique What are the characteristics of eukaryotic cells? Eukaryotic cells differ from each other depending on their structure and function. Structure is the arrangement of parts. Function is the

More information

1. Living organisms are made up of one or more cells. 3. In addition, plant cells also have a cell wall, a vacuole and chloroplasts.

1. Living organisms are made up of one or more cells. 3. In addition, plant cells also have a cell wall, a vacuole and chloroplasts. 1. Living organisms are made up of one or more cells. 2. Both animal and plant cells have a cell membrane, a nucleus and a cytoplasm. 3. In addition, plant cells also have a cell wall, a vacuole and chloroplasts.

More information

6. The diagram below shows two different kinds of substances, A and B, entering a cell.

6. The diagram below shows two different kinds of substances, A and B, entering a cell. Name 1. The cell theory states that A) all cells have nuclei that contain genetic information B) living organisms are composed of cells that arise from preexisting cells C) all cells regenerate and contain

More information

20.1 Viruses. The Discovery of Viruses. Lesson Objectives. Lesson Summary

20.1 Viruses. The Discovery of Viruses. Lesson Objectives. Lesson Summary 20.1 Viruses Lesson Objectives Explain how viruses reproduce. Explain how viruses cause infection. Lesson Summary The Discovery of Viruses In 1935, the American biochemist Wendell Stanley isolated a virus

More information

Biology Flash Cards. Abiotic Factors. Biotic Factors. Parasitism. Mutualism. Predation. Commensalism

Biology Flash Cards. Abiotic Factors. Biotic Factors. Parasitism. Mutualism. Predation. Commensalism Biology Flash Cards Environmental Factors: Environmental Factors: Biotic Factors Abiotic Factors Symbiosis: Symbiosis: Mutualism Parasitism Symbiosis: Symbiosis: Commensalism Predation Predator and Prey:

More information

THE LIVING CELL. Cells also have variety of shapes. Plant cells are often rectangular or polygonal, while egg cells are usually spherical.

THE LIVING CELL. Cells also have variety of shapes. Plant cells are often rectangular or polygonal, while egg cells are usually spherical. THE LIVING CELL A Tour of the cell The cell is the smallest and the basic unit of structure of all organisms. There are two main types or categories of cells: prokaryotic cells and eukaryotic cells. Prokaryotic

More information

Directed Reading A. Section: Eukaryotic Cells CELL WALL CELL MEMBRANE. the cell? CYTOSKELETON. Skills Worksheet

Directed Reading A. Section: Eukaryotic Cells CELL WALL CELL MEMBRANE. the cell? CYTOSKELETON. Skills Worksheet Skills Worksheet Directed Reading A Section: Eukaryotic Cells CELL WALL 1. What is the function of a cell wall? 2. What are the cell walls of plants and algae made of? 3. What are the cell walls of fungi

More information

Cell Energy (Photosynthesis and Respiration) Notes

Cell Energy (Photosynthesis and Respiration) Notes Cell Energy (Photosynthesis and Respiration) Notes Energy: Energy for living things comes from food. Originally, the energy in food comes from the sun. Organisms that use light energy from the sun to produce

More information

Cell Energy (Photosynthesis and Respiration) Notes

Cell Energy (Photosynthesis and Respiration) Notes Cell Energy (Photosynthesis and Respiration) Notes Energy: Energy for living things comes from food. Originally, the energy in food comes from the sun. Organisms that use light energy from the sun to produce

More information

AP Biology Review Questions

AP Biology Review Questions AP Biology Review Questions Excerpts from College Board s Prior Essential Knowledge: Life Science Standards Standard LS.2 Cells as a System: Cells are a fundamental structural and functional unit of life.

More information

Cell Energy (Photosynthesis and Respiration) Notes

Cell Energy (Photosynthesis and Respiration) Notes Cell Energy (Photosynthesis and Respiration) Notes I. Energy ability to do work; forms of energy: heat, light, chemical, electrical, mechanical, kinetic, potential A. Energy for living things comes from

More information

Characteristics of Life: Practice Questions #1

Characteristics of Life: Practice Questions #1 Characteristics of Life: Practice Questions #1 1. Stained yeast were added to a paramecium culture, and some of the yeast were ingested by the paramecia. This activity is most closely associated with which

More information

anaerobic antibiotic bacteria binary fission

anaerobic antibiotic bacteria binary fission three types of microbes microbes which require oxygen jelly-like substance from seaweed used to grow and fungi common name for ethanol C 2 H 5 OH, fungi, virus aerobic agar alcohol microbes which don t

More information

Which two organ systems provide materials required for the human body to produce ATP?

Which two organ systems provide materials required for the human body to produce ATP? Name: Date: 1 2 Which two organ systems provide materials required for the human body to produce ATP? (1) reproductive and excretory (2) digestive and respiratory (3) respiratory and immune (4) digestive

More information

Bacteria and Viruses. Chapter 10. Table of Contents. Section 1 Bacteria and Archaea. Section 2 Bacteria s Role in the World.

Bacteria and Viruses. Chapter 10. Table of Contents. Section 1 Bacteria and Archaea. Section 2 Bacteria s Role in the World. Chapter 10 Bacteria and Viruses Table of Contents Section 1 Bacteria and Archaea Section 2 Bacteria s Role in the World Section 3 Viruses Chapter 10 Section 1 Bacteria and Archaea Objectives Describe the

More information

Chapter 13. Microorganisms: Prokaryotes and Viruses Worksheets. Lesson 13.1: Prokaryotes Lesson 13.2: Viruses

Chapter 13. Microorganisms: Prokaryotes and Viruses Worksheets. Lesson 13.1: Prokaryotes Lesson 13.2: Viruses Chapter 13 Microorganisms: Prokaryotes and Viruses Worksheets Lesson 13.1: Prokaryotes Lesson 13.2: Viruses (Opening image copyright Michael Taylor, 2010. Used under license from Shutterstock.com.) www.ck12.org

More information

Answers Chapters 8 & 9 Review Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration

Answers Chapters 8 & 9 Review Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration Answers Chapters 8 & 9 Review Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration Photosynthesis: 1. What is the term for the ability to perform work? Energy 2. Organisms that make their own food are called producers

More information

Date: Student Name: Teacher Name: Jared George. Score:

Date: Student Name: Teacher Name: Jared George. Score: Biology Keystone (PA Core) Quiz Basic Biological Principles - (BIO.A.1.1.1 ) Describe Life Characteristics, (BIO.A.1.2.1 ) Compare Structures, (BIO.A.1.2.2 ) Describe Organization Student Name: Teacher

More information

Single celled organisms

Single celled organisms Single celled organisms Single Celled Organisms Some organisms, unlike plants and animals, consist of only one cell. These organisms are said to be unicellular An amoeba is another name given to an organism

More information

CELL PROCESSES AND ENERGY

CELL PROCESSES AND ENERGY CHAPTER 5 CELL PROCESSES AND ENERGY SECTION 5 1 The Cell in Its Environment (pages 158-162) This section tells how things move into and out of cells. The Cell Membrane as Gatekeeper (page 158) 1. The cell

More information

Living beings: cells and functions

Living beings: cells and functions UNIT 1 Work in your notebook Living beings: cells and functions Track 1 What are living beings? There are certain scientific conditions that differentiate a living being from a non-living being. Living

More information

2. Which type of macromolecule contains high-energy bonds and is used for long-term energy storage?

2. Which type of macromolecule contains high-energy bonds and is used for long-term energy storage? Energy Transport Study Island 1. During the process of photosynthesis, plants use energy from the Sun to convert carbon dioxide and water into glucose and oxygen. These products are, in turn, used by the

More information

Cellular Energy. 1. Photosynthesis is carried out by which of the following?

Cellular Energy. 1. Photosynthesis is carried out by which of the following? Cellular Energy 1. Photosynthesis is carried out by which of the following? A. plants, but not animals B. animals, but not plants C. bacteria, but neither animals nor plants D. all living organisms 2.

More information

The Processes of Life. Bicester Community College Science Department

The Processes of Life. Bicester Community College Science Department B4 The Processes of Life B4 Key Questions How do chemical reactions take place in living things? How do plants make food? How do living organisms obtain energy? How do chemical reactions take place in

More information

Respiration By Cindy Grigg

Respiration By Cindy Grigg By Cindy Grigg 1 Did you know there are two kinds of respiration? One kind of respiration is when we breathe air in and out of our lungs. The other kind happens in both plant and animal cells, including

More information

Cell Structure & Function

Cell Structure & Function Cell Structure & Function The Cell A cell is the smallest unit that is capable of performing life functions. Amoeba Proteus Plant Stem Bacteria Nerve Cell Red Blood Cell Microscopes and Cells 1600 s. Anton

More information

ECOSYSTEMS: THE ROLE OF ABIOTIC FACTORS from the series Biology: The Science of Life Pre-Test

ECOSYSTEMS: THE ROLE OF ABIOTIC FACTORS from the series Biology: The Science of Life Pre-Test 1 Pre-Test Directions: Answer each of the following either true or false: 1. In ecosystems, non-living (abiotic) factors usually have insignificant effects on living things. True False 2. Carbon dioxide

More information

Cell Processes. Chapter Review

Cell Processes. Chapter Review Name Date Class Chapter Review Cell Processes Part A. Vocabulary Review Directions: Select the term from the following list that matches each description. active transport energy enzyme inorganic compound

More information

S7L Which of these BEST explains how the cell membrane helps animal cells grow and divide?

S7L Which of these BEST explains how the cell membrane helps animal cells grow and divide? S7L2-2 1. Which of the following is produced by photosynthesis? A. light B. heat C. protein D. sugar 2. Which of these BEST explains how the cell membrane helps animal cells grow and divide? A. It transports

More information

ATP. Division Avenue High School Regents Biology. Types of cells. Cells & Cell Organelles. Why study cells? Cell size comparison

ATP. Division Avenue High School Regents Biology. Types of cells. Cells & Cell Organelles. Why study cells? Cell size comparison Types of cells bacteria cells Prokaryote - no organelles Cells & Cell Organelles The Building Blocks of Life AP Biology 2008-2009 animal cells Eukaryotes - organelles Cell size comparison Animal cell Bacterial

More information

GCSE Additional Science

GCSE Additional Science GCSE Additional Science Module B4 The processes of life: What you should know Name: Science Group: Teacher: R.A.G. each of the statements to help focus your revision: R = Red: I don t know this A = Amber:

More information

Review Cells and Microorganisms

Review Cells and Microorganisms Review ells and Microorganisms Name: ate: 1. Which structure is outside the nucleus of a cell and contains N?. chromosome. gene. mitochondrion. vacuole 4. epending on its electric charge, shape, and chemical

More information

8.1 & 9.1 Energy and Life

8.1 & 9.1 Energy and Life Name Class Date 8.1 & 9.1 Energy and Life Chemical Energy and ATP Energy is the ability to do work. Organisms need energy to stay alive. Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is a chemical compound cells use to

More information

Name Class Date. A Tour of the Cell

Name Class Date. A Tour of the Cell CHAPTER 6 A Tour of the Cell Summary of Key Concepts Concept 6.1 All organisms are made of cells. (pp. 110 114) Most cells are so small that they could not be seen until scientists developed the light

More information

Lesson 1: Plant and Animal Cells. Nelson p

Lesson 1: Plant and Animal Cells. Nelson p Lesson 1: Plant and Animal Cells Nelson p. 29-32 Learning Goals I can use biology terminology I can label parts of animal and plant cells I can explain the structure of the parts of the cell I can explain

More information

Cell Organelles. a review of structure and function

Cell Organelles. a review of structure and function Cell Organelles a review of structure and function TEKS and Student Expectations (SE s) B.4 Science concepts. The student knows that cells are the basic structures of all living things with specialized

More information

Student Exploration: Cell Energy Cycle

Student Exploration: Cell Energy Cycle Name: Date: Student Exploration: Cell Energy Cycle Vocabulary: aerobic respiration, anaerobic respiration, ATP, cellular respiration, chemical energy, chlorophyll, chloroplast, cytoplasm, glucose, glycolysis,

More information

Chapter 3 Cell Processes and Energy

Chapter 3 Cell Processes and Energy Chapter 3 Cell Processes and Energy 1 Chapter 3 Objectives Section 1: Chemical Compounds in Cells 1. Define elements and compounds 2. Explain how water is important to the function of cells 3. Identify

More information

Which metabolic process is most closely associated with the organelle represented in the diagram?

Which metabolic process is most closely associated with the organelle represented in the diagram? Cells: Practice Questions #1 1. Which metabolic process is most closely associated with the organelle represented in the diagram? A. intracellular digestion B. cellular respiration C. synthesis of glycogen

More information

Greenfaulds High School. Biology Department

Greenfaulds High School. Biology Department Greenfaulds High School Biology Department National 5 Summary notes 1 Cell Biology Unit Cell structure All living things are made from cells. Cells can not usually be viewed with the naked eye, you must

More information

Respiration. Cells at work

Respiration. Cells at work Respiration Cells at work Basic cell processes All cells need to: obtain nutrients synthesise materials for growth provide energy for movement and metabolism eliminate wastes produce a variety of biological

More information

CELL PROCESSES AND ENERGY

CELL PROCESSES AND ENERGY CHAPTER 5 CELL PROCESSES AND ENERGY SECTION 5 1 The Cell in Its Environment (pages 158-162) This section tells how things move into and out of cells. The Cell Membrane as Gatekeeper (page 158) 1. The cell

More information

Readiness Review Game

Readiness Review Game HEDGEHOG LEARNING Biology EOC Standards Sequence and STAAR Question Frequency Overview Day 1 Day 2 Day 3 Day 4 Day 5 Day 6 Day 7 Day 8 Day 9 STAAR Reporting Category Cell Structure and Function 11 questions

More information

3) Which of the following is NOT a domain in the three-domain system? A) Animalia B) Eukarya C) Archaea D) Bacteria Answer: A

3) Which of the following is NOT a domain in the three-domain system? A) Animalia B) Eukarya C) Archaea D) Bacteria Answer: A 1) Which of the following pairs is mismatched? A) Pasteur proof of biogenesis B) Ehrlich chemotherapy C) Jenner vaccination D) Koch aseptic surgery 2) Which of the following is a scientific name? A) Streptococcus

More information

Grade 8 Science Unit 2: Cells

Grade 8 Science Unit 2: Cells Grade 8 Science Unit 2: Cells Cell Organelles Last period you did some brief reading and summarized some information about cell organelles. Today we will take some more time to discuss these tiny structures

More information

Energy, Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration

Energy, Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration Energy, Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration Name: Period: Date: I. ATP: Energy In A Molecule All is broken down by the body into small molecules through digestion o By the time food reaches your, it

More information

Topic 1 revision. The building blocks of life. Class revision with exam questions

Topic 1 revision. The building blocks of life. Class revision with exam questions B2 Topic 1 revision The building blocks of life Class revision with exam questions Animal cells What is aerobic respiration? Aerobic respiration is the process of releasing energy through the oxidation

More information

Animal and plant cells have a nucleus, cytoplasm, and a cell membrane. Only plant cells have chloroplasts and a cell wall.

Animal and plant cells have a nucleus, cytoplasm, and a cell membrane. Only plant cells have chloroplasts and a cell wall. 7 th Grade Science Final Review CELLS, PROCESSES, AND THE MICROSCOPE On loose leaf, write the answers to the following checklist of topics. You can write in words and draw labeled pictures. For the numbered

More information

PHOTOSYNTHESIS AND CELL RESPIRATION

PHOTOSYNTHESIS AND CELL RESPIRATION PHOTOSYNTHESIS AND CELL RESPIRATION HTTP://WWW.YOUTUBE.COM/WATCH?V=PFSTY-XYLZC PHOTOSYNTHESIS - IS ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT BIOLOGICAL EVENTS THAT OCCURS ON THIS PLANET. THE ROOTS OF THE WORD ARE: PHOTO

More information

QQ01 To cover handouts FC01-FC03

QQ01 To cover handouts FC01-FC03 QQ0 To cover handouts FC0-FC03 QUICK QUESTIONS ON CELL BIOLOGY!. Give 2 differences between prokaryotic cells and eukaryotic cells. See class sheets 2. State whether the following cell types are prokaryotic

More information

Chapter 20 DNA Technology & Genomics

Chapter 20 DNA Technology & Genomics Chapter 20 DNA Technology & Genomics Focus of Chapter An introduction to the methods and developments in: Recombinant DNA Genetic Engineering Biotechnology Recombinant DNA DNA in which genes from different

More information

Unit 1 Lesson 5 Homeostasis and Cell Processes. Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company

Unit 1 Lesson 5 Homeostasis and Cell Processes. Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company Stayin Alive What is homeostasis? Homeostasis is the maintenance of a constant internal state in a changing environment. Homeostasis ensures that cells can obtain and use energy, make new cells, exchange

More information

TEKS 4A compare and contrast prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells

TEKS 4A compare and contrast prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells TEKS 4A compare and contrast prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells 1. Which of these is the best model of a prokaryotic cell? A B C D All of the Above 2. Loriciferans are microscopic multicellular animals that

More information

Test Prep Pretest. influence the rate of photosynthesis? a. light intensity c. carbon dioxide concentration b. oxygen concentration d.

Test Prep Pretest. influence the rate of photosynthesis? a. light intensity c. carbon dioxide concentration b. oxygen concentration d. Skills Worksheet Test Prep Pretest In the space provided, write the letter of the term or phrase that best completes each statement or best answers each question. 1. Photosynthetic organisms get energy

More information

2.3: Eukaryotic Evolution and Diversity pg. 67. For about 1.5 billion years Prokaryotes were on the only living organism on Earth.

2.3: Eukaryotic Evolution and Diversity pg. 67. For about 1.5 billion years Prokaryotes were on the only living organism on Earth. 2.3: Eukaryotic Evolution and Diversity pg. 67 For about 1.5 billion years Prokaryotes were on the only living organism on Earth. 3.5 to 2 billion years ago Prokaryotes thrive in many different environments.

More information

Outlines the characteristics, shapes, and structures of viruses and monerans, more commonly called bacteria. Notes ways that both affect our lives.

Outlines the characteristics, shapes, and structures of viruses and monerans, more commonly called bacteria. Notes ways that both affect our lives. #9470 VIRUSES AND MONERANS VISUAL LEARNING COMPANY 2001 Grade Levels: 9-12 20 minutes 4 Instructional Graphics Enclosed DESCRIPTION Outlines the characteristics, shapes, and structures of viruses and monerans,

More information

Carbohydrates, Photosynthesis, & Respiration Test Review Guide

Carbohydrates, Photosynthesis, & Respiration Test Review Guide Carbohydrates, Photosynthesis, & Respiration Test Review Guide Name: Use the following guide to review for the. Use your note templates as you go. These questions represent a good overview of the. Pay

More information

Chapter: Life's Structure and Classification

Chapter: Life's Structure and Classification Table of Contents Chapter: Life's Structure and Classification Section 1: Living Things 1- What is an organism? Any living thing is called an organism. Organisms vary in size: 1)one-celled or unicellular

More information

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Exam Name MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) Which of the following pairs is mismatched? A) Koch aseptic surgery B) Pasteur proof

More information