Mr. Allen s Notes. U.S. History I

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Mr. Allen s Notes. U.S. History I"

Transcription

1 Mr. Allen s Notes 1 U.S. History I

2 The Shaping of North America 225 million years ago-pangaea supercontinent 10 million years ago- Rocky Mountains exist Appalachians exist Continents are separated 2 million years ago- an Ice Age envelopes the planet and the water level lowers years ago- the Bering Land Bridge appears animals cross, followed by nomadic Asian hunters years ago- the Ice Age ends nomadic people create civilization years ago-1492 AD, the population grows to 72 million *only 7-10 million live in North America (South America has better conditions for farming) 2 Powerful Civilizations Aztecs Incas Mayans Iroquois o Over 2000 languages created o Religion o Culture o Farming techniques People who came to America before 1492: -Scandinavians led by Leif Erickson (Newfoundland) -Nomadic Asian hunters -Irish -Africans -Chinese [1492] Columbus discovered the New World (arrived at Hispañola/ Haiti) brought 20 people back-only two survive the ship ride was sent to get more for slavery in mines (creates slavery) Europeans bring smallpox into the Americas [1492] Haiti s population totals 3 million [1512] Haiti s population totals Columbus s discovery affects the futures of three groups: Europeans migrate to the Americas Native Americans dealt with harshly Africans source of labor leads to mass enslaving

3 Explorers Amerigo Vespucci [sails for Spain in 1499] [sails for Portugal in 1501] Writes vivid accounts of the East coast of North and South America Mapmakers base their maps on his accounts hence America 3 Vasco Nunez de Balboa [sails for Spain in 1513] First European to set eyes on the Pacific Ocean Says All land that touches the Pacific is Spain s Basis for Spanish claims in America Ferdinand Magellan [sails for Spain from ] First to circumnavigate the globe Hernando Cortez [sails for Spain in 1519] Crushes the Aztecs (attack and smallpox) Claims Mexico for Spain Ponce de Léon [sails for Spain in 1513] Explores Florida lays claim of Florida for Spain Looking for gold Francisco Coronado [sails for Spain in 1540] Searches for the fabled cities of gold First European to see the Grand Canyon First European to see herds of buffalo John Cabot [sails for England in 1497] Italian explores the East coast of New England Basis for English claims in the Americas Giovanni de Verrazano [sails for France in 1524] Hudson River and areas of NYC Henry Hudson [sails for the Dutch in 1608?] Hudson Bay and Hudson River Claims Manhattan for the Dutch Jacques Cartier [sails for France in 1534] Explores parts of Canada and claims area for France Hernando de Soto [sails for Spain from ] First European to see the Mississippi River

4 Settling the New World Spain Reasons for exploration: Gold Glory God Goods Lay claim to: New Mexico West coast of South America Florida All of Central America Texas Arizona California 4 [1565] settled the first permanently occupied settlement in the Americas -St. Augustine, FL [1588] Spanish Armada is defeated marks the decline of the Spanish Empire Encomienda system and hacienda system places Native Americans in state of slavery France Lay claim to: Canada Areas around the Mississippi [1608] First French settlement Quebec New France [1750] < people live in New France Why won t people live in New France? 1. Poor farmland 2. Isolated 3. Subject to Native American attacks 4. only French Catholics allowed 5. keep the discontented in France England [1558] Elizabeth I comes to the throne of England wants to expand the navy 1. Spread Protestant 2. Plunder and attack Spanish ships Gets seadogs to do the work (pirates) Sir Francis Drake is knighted for his success Settling Sir Walter Raleigh [1585] attempts to settle at Roanoke people didn t like it and came back [1587] tries again Virginia Dare is the first child from Britain born [1590] supply ship is sent to Roanoke Island no one is found the Lost Colony of Roanoke one word found Croatoan

5 Joint stock company Group of people invest money together [1606] Virginia Company of London receives charter for a colony [1607] Jamestown, VA is settled 104 males looking for gold [1608] 40 are left John Smith takes control of Jamestown if you don t work, you don t eat [1609] a terrible winter hits resorts to cannibalism [1610] out of 400 settlers, 60 are left [1612] John Rolfe perfects the growing of tobacco and begins the tobacco craze one of the first cash crops grown [1619] House of Burgesses created -first legislative assembly in America First slave ship shows up in America with 19 African slaves 5 Types of Colonies 1. Royal Colony -king/queen has total control over the colony 2. Proprietary Colony (most popular form) -king/queen picks a representative (friend/trusted) to run the colony -that representative picks a governor and sets up laws 3. Self-governing Colony -the colonists control the colony -least popular form Southern Colonies 1. Virginia [1607] Jamestown began as proprietary [1624] (King James disgusted by tobacco) becomes a royal colony tobacco-based economy plantation system develops -indentured servants pay back debts after 7-10 years of service, given own land -African slaves demand for land -push westward -angers the Native Americans this all creates an aristocratic society (wealthy) lack of cities in the South 2. Maryland [1634] founded by Lord Baltimore tobacco-based economy plantation system aristocratic society created because: -make profit -safe haven for Catholics

6 as times goes on Protestants outnumber the Catholics Act of Toleration [guarantees rights to all Christians] But Death Penalty if Jewish/atheist do not recognize Jesus as the Lord 3. South Carolina [1670] proprietary supposed to work in connection with the West Indies (sugar cane) supply station for the West Indies principal crop is rice plantation system 4. North Carolina [1691, formally 1712] population outcasts from South Carolina and Virginia pride themselves on being outlaws and outcasts (rich plantations owners pushing them off) hospitable to pirates resistant to authority [1691] break away informally [1712] officially becomes a colony 5. Georgia the Buffer Colony [1733] by James Olgethorpe (last colony founded) protects South Carolina against Spanish Florida population the Charity Colony -drunks -criminals -outlaws -very poor produce silk and wine prohibits alcohol granted some religious toleration try to get slavery outlawed failed in 1750 it was made legal 6 New England Colonies 1. Massachusetts [1620] Plymouth Separatist Puritans [1609] move to Holland-don t want children to be Dutchified 102 settlers on the Mayflower supposed to land in Virginia instead, land in Massachusetts Miles Standish and William Bradford Make the Mayflower Compact Pledge allegiance to the king Combine themselves into a civil body politic Obey laws of the new government 44 survive the first winter William Bradford becomes governor 30 times Massachusetts Bay Colony [1629] One of the most successful settlements in America Founded by non-separatist Puritans John Winthrop is the governor Industries: o Fishing o Ship-building o Fur-trading Jon Winthrop

7 Wants the Massachusetts Bay Colony to be an example a city upon a hill MBC- The Bible Commonwealth is extremely religious Dissenters in Massachusetts Anne Hutchinson Challenges the Puritan way Put on trial claims to have spoken with God Kicked out of the Massachusetts Bay Colony Goes to Rhode Island, then New York killed by Natives Roger Williams Challenges to break away from the Church of England Escapes to Rhode Island founds his own colony 2. Rhode Island [1636] by Roger Williams colony known for religious toleration strongly independent not well-liked by the other colonies other colonies call Rhode Island the Lord s Debris made up of people that no one wants self-governing colony 3. Connecticut [1635] by Reverend Thomas Hooker self-governing created the Fundamental Orders a document that creates a democratically controlled government 4. New Hampshire [1623] good for fishing and trading the overgrowth of the Massachusetts Bay Colony becomes an official colony in The Middle Colonies 1. New York After Hudson s explorations in 1608 Dutch start settlement along the Hudson Called New Netherlands Manhattan was called New Amsterdam Problems for the Dutch o Poor leaders only decent one was Peter Stuyvesant o More concerned with profit o No democracy o No freedom of religion o Poorly run o Constantly attacked by Native Americans o Surrounded by the English [1664] Charles II gives the land of NY to the Duke of York (James) after threatening the Dutch with an invasion, Dutch give up the land Dutch legacy o Sleighing o Golf o Waffles o Easter eggs o Santa Claus o Skating

8 o Bowling o Harlem o Brooklyn Chief crop is wheat 2. Pennsylvania [1681] The Religious Society of Friends (Quakers) Persecuted by England William Penn emerges as a leader William Penn Idea to create land for Quakers [1681] founds Pennsylvania one of the best-advertised colonies Characteristics of Pennsylvania o Peaceful [Native Americans move in] o Liberal o Freedom of worship o Disliked slavery o Against military service o Chief crop is wheat o Well-planned cities o Very successful colony 3. New Jersey [1702] [1664] Duke of York gives parts of NJ to Berkeley and Carteret (proprietors) sold land to the Quakers split land into East and West Jersey gave land back to crown becomes royal colony [1702] 4. Delaware [1638] by the Swedes taken over by the Dutch after the Dutch leave in 1664 Delaware controlled by Pennsylvania 8 Early Native American and Colonial Wars colonial militia a practice learned from Europe each colony creates their own unit able-bodied men ages why? English provide no money for colonial defense (exception of Georgia) Militia meet every few weeks for training Militia Day turns into a party and meets annually 1. Anglo-Powhattan War [ ] Jamestown New governor Lord de la Warr Declares war against the Native Americans [1614] Pocahontas marries John Rolfe better relations 2. The First Tidewater War [1622] Native Americans attack white settlers kill ¼ of Jamestown s population John Rolfe is also killed 3. The Second Tidewater War [1644] Opechanough takes over Powhattans renews attack against white settlements

9 Opechanough is killed and Native American Confederacy dissolves Native Americans are pushed further west 4. Pequot War [ ] New England Colonies Results in the killing of 500 Pequot Indians in Connecticut end of the Pequots 5. King Philip s War [1675] New England Colonies Metacom (King Philip) After being forced to pledge allegiance to the English crown Vows revenge starts the Native American Confederacy After killing many settlers captured, quartered, and killed Halts the western boundary at New England Colonies for 40 years First large-scale military action by the colonial militia 6. Bacon s Rebellion Displays colonial anger and hatred to Native Americans Displays colonial hatred toward the Southern Aristocracy Nathaniel Bacon Gathered men Vows to kill all Native Americans Gets called an outlaw Gets so angry Burns down the settlement of Jamestown Dies as Jamestown burns Reveals the growing social gap between small farmers and plantation owners 9 Colonial unity [1643] New England Colonies the New England Confederation first time to have colonies working together for a better cause created by the Massachusetts Bay Colony Rhode Island is not included The Southern Plantation Economy Plantation owners constantly want land Near the end of the 1600s, price of tobacco falls dramatically So the plantation owners continue to grow more tobacco/cash crops *more land needs more labor Indentured servants Contract usually ran for seven years Voyage would be paid for At the end of the contract, receive freedom dues Small piece of land Tools Animals Clothes Eventually the plantation owners stopped giving freedom dues Headright System [Virginia and Maryland] Gives to each plantation owner 50 acres of land for every indentured servant brought into the colony Hit the Appalachian Mountains pause and indentured servitude dies Need another source of labor end of the 1600s, indentured servitude dies out

10 o Market for jobs gets better in England o Royal African Company [1698] loses its monopoly on the sale of slaves o Bacon s Rebellion leads plantation owners to fear the small farmer Slavery [1670] slaves in Virginia [1750] slaves represent 50% of the population in Virginia The Middle Passage -the forced voyage of slaves from Africa to the Americas -7.5 million from Africa to Americas, to the 13 colonies -slaves were sold into slavery by the kings and princes of tribes Conditions Dark Dirty Overcrowded put 600 in a ship built for 300 Disease Smelly Death Suicide Humiliated not seen as people but as property 20%-50% would die during the voyage upon arrival, slaves were unloaded and sold at slave auctions -Charleston, SC -Newport, RI -New York City, NY -Philadelphia, PA Once sold, slaves were subject to slave codes -slaves were not allowed to marry -illegal to teach a slave to read or write -slaves had no legal rights -punished severely for any wrongdoing -slave owners took ownership of the children Worst place to be sold into slavery was SC-life expectancy the lowest Lonely Rice fields brought diseases Virginia and Maryland -expect a longer life span -slave population grows much best place to be sold as a slave were the Northern Colonies -work in the cities -learn a skill -earn money -possible to be able to buy their freedom 10 Slavery in the Colonies Resistance Everyday resistance Worked slowly Break tools Leave gates open

11 Try to run away (not easy) Occasional revolts [1712] NYC Nine white deaths, 21 executed [1739] the Stono Rebellion 20 slaves uprising deaths of 80 whites GA militia captures the 20 slaves Sets the heads of the executed on mileposts for warning 11 Colonial Social Structure 1. Aristocrats, Merchants, Planters, Lawyers, Officials, Clergymen, Professional men 2. Small farmers (largest group) 3. Manual workers hired hands, lesser tradesmen 4. Indentured servants, jailbirds 5. Slaves Life in the Colonies Family life Mother (Woman) Most important person in the family Has children - average of children (about 3-4 die before adulthood) Raises children Cook Clean Sew, make clothes Help on the farm Father Work on the farm Work in shop Children Help out on the farm Male Learning trade from the father Help on the farm Female Help around the house Learn how to be a mother [1700] population [1775] population 2.5 million average age of a colonist is 16 *if live in the North, live about 10 years longer than South (average lifespan is 70) Education Only males were given formal education New England has a well set-up of formal education For every town with 50+ families, a school is required Southern Colonies taught at home by a tutor Education in the colonies was not reserved for only the elite Goal of School Learn to read (especially the Bible, be a better Christian) Learn to write

12 12 Colonial Colleges (only taught religion and languages eventually replaced with more modern classes) 1. Harvard [1636] 2. William and Mary [1693] 3. Yale 4. Princeton 5. University of Pennsylvania 6. Brown 7. Columbia 8. Rutgers [1766] 9. Dartmouth Journalism [1704] first successful colonial newspaper [1733] John Peter Zengor Case -writes criticisms of governor of NY -Governor of NY sues him for libel for writing about him in the news -court agrees to have Zengor not guilty for writing the truth -becomes the basis for freedom of press Art Colonies are very behind the rest of the world John Goddard designs desks John Smibert paints family portraits Science Benjamin Franklin The colonies greatest inventor, scientist, thinker, writer and good guy Some inventions Lightning rod Electrical battery Bifocals Odometer Stove Library Volunteer fire department Wrote Poor Richard s Almanac (second most popular in colonies, behind the Bible) Comes up with arithmetic puzzles (ex. Magic Square) Immigration in the Colonies Scots-Irish From Scotland Make up 7% of the colonies population by 1775 Spoke English Known as frontier people Settle from Pennsylvania to the Carolinas Germans Make up 6% of the colonies population by 1775 Tended to settle in Pennsylvania Kept to themselves and kept their own culture and language Inventions Conestoga Wagon -cloth tops

13 -big wheels Replace the musket with the more accurate rifle Improved the iron stove French Huguenots [1685] Edict of Nantes is repealed persecution of the Huguenots famous descendant is Paul Revere, the silversmith Africans Forced to immigrate to the colonies by % of in the Southern Colonies 13 Religion As population rises, importance of religion goes down Late 1600s, people begin to question accepted Christian ideas (ex. Calvinism) Result: Church creates the Half-Way Covenant Allows people to join church even if they have not officially converted Results in increased church membership but taints the purity of the church 1. Salem Witch Trials Salem, MA [1692] A group of girls begin to experience fits of rages The girls blame the rages on women who bewitched them Start a massive witch hunt 174 people are put on trial 19 women are executed (hung) 1 man is executed (pressed to death) 2 dogs are executed Governor Phips puts an end to the witch hunt after his wife is accused 2. The Great Awakening [1730s to the 1740s] A religious revival that sweeps across the nation Preach about: The emptiness of material goods Fury of divine wrath The need for repentance Preachers give very dramatic performances George Whitefield The Great Awakener Jonathan Edwards writes Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God Gatherings of people By the mid-1740s the Great Awakening dies out Effects: -Stimulated the founding of more colonial colleges (Brown, Rutgers, Dartmouth) -Revival that encompasses all of colonial society becomes the first shared colonial experience -Undermines the power of the older clergy -Makes religion more accessible to people

14 Church Membership of the colonial period [by 1775] 1. Congregationalists people out of Puritanism 2. Anglicans people Church of England 3. Presbyterians people similar to the Congregationalists 4. German churches people Found in Pennsylvania 5. Dutch-reformed people 6. Quakers people 7. Baptists 8. Roman Catholics people Maryland 9. Methodists 10. Jewish people 14 Ruling over the Colonies James I [ ] Does not like the colonies Hates tobacco Charles I [ ] Beheaded in 1649 Oliver Cromwell and the Protectorate [ ] Very strict Charles II is restored [ ] Decides to take a more hands-on approach to the colonies Tries to harness colonial trade [1675] Lords of Trade supposed to control colonial trade [1685] Charles II dies Indifferent to the colonies, allowing the colonies to grow independent from English rule James II [ ] (Charles II s brother and also the Duke of York) Continues to place restrictions on colonial trade -especially the North, who are growing very independent creates the Dominion of New England to combat the New England Confederation to enforce the Navigation Acts Navigation Acts [ ] Rooted in mercantilism a nation s power depends on its wealth Acquire gold and silver

15 15 Favorable balance of trade (exports up, imports low) Acquire colonies All ships trading in Europe must be built in England or the colonies 75% of crew had to be English or colonial All European nations wishing to trade with the colonies must first stop at England (taxed twice) England creates a list of enumerated articles (what colonies supposed to trade with England) Colonists, instead of heeding these laws smuggling (esp. NYC), bribes Dominion of England Led by Sir Edmund Andros Ends town meetings in MA, NJ, NY, RI, and CT Restrictions on schools, newspapers, courts Taxes without authority of colonial representative William and Mary/Glorious Revolution [ ] Relaxes the rules of the colonies Known as the period of salutary neglect Results: Control over the colonies is relaxed, but the English officials stay Colonists begin to resent the English officials Wars of North America England east coast, parts of Canada Spain Florida, Central America, Southwest North America France Canada, along the Mississippi River (pop only) (Russia) Native Americans are everywhere Thirteen Colonies east coast 1. King William s War [ ] French soldiers and Native American Allies attack frontier settlements in NY Colonial militia invades Canada and fails 2. Queen Anne s War [ ] Deerfield Massacre French and Native American allies attack Deerfield, MA Killed 50, captured 111 colonists 3. War of Jenkin s Ear/King George s War [ ] Caribbean French and Native Americans attack frontier settlements Colonial militia captures a French fort at Louisbourg At the mouth of St. Lawrence Bay At the end of the war, England gives Louisbourg back to the French Angers the colonies 4. The French and Indian War The French and Indian War Dispute between France, Virginians, Pennsylvania over the Ohio River Valley France begins building a line of forts throughout Ohio Valley [1752] VA sends 21-year-old surveyor, George Washington, to tell the French to leave French refuses

16 [1754] 150 VA militiamen head to Fort Duquesne, led by George Washington -marching to the fort, Washington encounters a small French fort and attacks it -Washington and the militia build Fort Necessity -French surround them after ten hours, Washington surrender [July 4, 1754] -returns to VA The French and Indian War soon merges into the Seven Years War -Great Britain -Colonies -Iroquois -some other Native American allies Vs. -France -Many Native American allies - (Spain) 16 [1755] British soldiers, led by General Edward Braddock and 950 VA militiamen led by George Washington, march to Fort Duquesne -Braddock plans on fighting European-style -On the way to the fort, French powers attack the troops taken by surprise -23 French deaths, 900 English deaths (including Braddock) -Washington rallies the British soldiers and the colonial militia and leads them to retreat emerges as a hero six times Washington was almost killed two horses shot from under him four bullets through his jacket A Torch lighted in the forests of America set all of Europe in conflagration. Voltaire [1754] The British called together a meeting of all colonies in Albany, NY Purpose: the renewed alliance with the Iroquois Benjamin Franklin draws political cartoon in the PA Gazette Join or Die snake Not advocating a revolution Need to join the colonies to survive The Albany Plan of Union Each colonial leader refused to sign the agreement failed But an important first step towards colonial unity [ ] British are badly beaten by the French despite the fact that the British outnumber the French 20:1 [1758] William Pitt becomes prime minister of Great Britain and takes over the war effort 1. Replaces the older generals 2. Gives the colonies money for raising troops 3. Turns the fighting over to the colonial militia Tide of the war changes to Britain -capture Fort Louisbourg (control over St. Lawrence River) -capture Fort Duquesne (renamed Fort Pitt) - [1759] General Wolfe and the British defeat General Montcolm and the French at the Battle of Quebec on the plains of Abraham just outside of Quebec Britain wins - [1760] Britain takes Montreal - [ ] Limited fighting between British and Spain -Spain loses Cuba and Florida Peace of Paris [1763] 1. France cedes all of Canada and land between the Mississippi and the Appalachians to Britain 2. France cedes land west of Mississippi to Spain 3. Britain keeps Florida 4. France keeps two islands off Newfoundland exclusively for fishing 5. Britain gives the sugar islands (West Indies) back to France 6. Cuba is given back to Spain

17 Significance of the French and Indian War 1. France is out of North America 2. Colonies no longer view the British as invincible 3. Colonial militia gains experience 4. George Washington emerges as a leader for all colonies 5. Colonies gain familiarity with each other Problem in the colonies: Travel Many places, roads are not existent or are not passable Roads were so bad that people would write out wills before going on long trips (ex. PA to NY) Stopped by taverns at night Become the center of political discussion 17 Road to the Revolution Colonial Situation [1763] Spanish and French menace is gone Colonies can move west More American than British subjects British Situation [1763] Have control over the largest empire of the world Largest debt in the world (140 million pounds worth) Believed in mercantilism George III [ ] comes to power As the French leave [1763] Tell Native Americans British are going to take over land and kill them Native Americans decide to do something about this led by Chief Pontiac Pontiac s Rebellion Native American Confederacy attacks, defeats 8 of 11 British forts in Ohio Valley Kill over colonists British are eventually able to put down this rebellion But this changes the development of the Ohio River Valley 1. Proclamation Line of 1763 Restrict colonial settling to east of the Appalachian Mountains Convinced the Ohio River Valley is not safe for settling Colonists are outraged They just fought the French and Indian War Settle the area anyway 2. Britain places British soldiers inside the colonies for protection of the settlers Sugar Act [1764] passed by George Grenville -replaces the Molasses Act 6 pence tax on sugar -now places a 3 pence tax on sugar -the colonists would bribe officials for one pence to smuggle the sugar into the colonies -colonists get outraged claim, no taxation without representation Stamp Act [1765] passed by George Grenville -tax on all paper products -colonists outraged boycott British products so successful that trade drops 13% in Britain Sons of Liberty are formed led by Samuel Adams Terrorize stamp tax agents Call a Stamp Act Congress

18 9 of 13 colonies meet in NY to discuss the Stamp Act [1766] Britain repeals the Stamp Act passes the Declaratory Act Britain can impose any taxes and laws that they desire Quartering Act [1765] Requires colonies to pay for provisions and build housing for British soldiers Townshend Acts [1767] Passed by Charles Townshend head of the British treasury Champagne Charlie 1. Taxes tea, lead, paint, glass 2. Enforces Navigation Acts Result: John Dickenson writes Letters of a Farmer in Pennsylvania Boycott British goods Riot against customs officials (esp. Boston, MA) MA sends a circular letter that urged colonies to stick together [1768] British imports to America drop 40% [1768] British soldiers are moved from the frontier to Boston strong guard customs officials property and custom officials -became a colonial pastime to taunt them -British soldiers are often profane and drunk -high unemployment British took jobs on the waterfront Work for less money than the colonists British are taking away jobs from the colonists The Boston Massacre [March 5, 1770] 5 colonists die including Crispus Attucks, a runaway, one of the first to die 10 British soldiers arrested and put on trial, including Captain Preston John Adams defends the soldiers Say they are acting in self defense Only two are accused guilty of manslaughter branded on hand Samuel Adams Comes up with the term Boston Massacre Revolutionary stirs up the crowd by propaganda Paul Revere Creates an engraving on the Boston Massacre eventually reproduced picture Uses propaganda that effectively arouses the colonists leads to outrage The image is reprinted throughout the colonies 18 Road to the Revolution [ ] After the Boston Massacre Tensions between the two sides die down Townshend Act is repealed [1772] Samuel Adams forms the Committee of Correspondence spreads propaganda very successful Tea Act [1773] The British East India company is bankrupt Parliament gives the company exclusive trading rights to tea in the colonies Colonists pay less for tea The company stays in business

19 Britain collects the taxes Smugglers lose out on financial gains calls this an outrage Claim the East India company has a monopoly on tea Colonies agree and refuse to accept any tea from the company The tea sits in colonial harbors for days Boston Tea Party [December 16, 1773] Colonists of Boston dress up as Mohawk Indians and board the ships Dumped 342 chests of tea in Boston Harbor worth $ Organized by the Sons of Liberty and Samuel Adams Very orderly, very quiet Tea party in Princeton burn chests of tea and an effigy of the MA governor Tea party in Annapolis, MD ship is also destroyed Britain is not pleased Britain s Response Coercive Acts/Intolerable Acts (by the colonists) 1. Boston Port Act closes the Boston port 2. Administration of Justice Act send British officials who have committed a crime are sent to Britain for the trial 3. Massachusetts Governor act ends the MA legislative 4. Quartering Act if do not provide shelter, British soldiers will reside in colonial homes 5. Quebec Act extends the Canadian border to the Ohio River gives protection to Catholics Outrage VA, NY, MA, and PA wanted it for farmland [September 5, 1774] first meeting of the Continental Congress meet at Philadelphia at Carpenter s Hall 12 of the 13 colonies send delegates (except GA) 56 delegates Radicals Samuel Adams John Adams Patrick Henry Conservative John Jay (NY) John Dickenson George Washington (very conservative) Actions: Create the Declaration of Rights and Grievances by John Adams Outlines the colonies problem with British rule Create a Non-Importation Association Calls for a boycott of British goods more enforced [October 6, 1774] if things do not work out meet again May 1775 Lexington and Concord Concord, MA (minutemen) MA militia begun preparing for war store weapons British decide to destroy the weapons arrest Samuel Adams and John Hancock [April 1775] British decide to march to Concord Paul Revere s Ride With William Dowes and Samuel Prescott Went to warn Samuel Adams and John Hancock that the British are coming to arrest them Paul Revere is arrested during the ride The ride is silent stop by while telling colonists about the British 19

20 20 [April 1775] When the British get from Boston to Lexington 70 minutemen standing in the field at Lexington When told to move by the 700 British soldiers, a shot was heard The Shot heard Round the World 7 minutemen killed, 8 injured When British get from Lexington to Concord The larger force of minutemen push the British back at the North Bridge British begin to march back to Boston On their retreat colonists hear of the Lexington skirmish - swarm the retreating British guerilla warfare British soldiers are killed, wounded, or missing [May 10, 1775] meeting of the Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia all 13 colonies show up Accomplishments 1. name George Washington as head of the Continental Army 2. Create privateers American pirates Fort Ticonderoga Benedict Arnold and Ethan Allen capture the British fort of Ticonderoga Acquire more weapons Battle of Bunker Hill [June 1775] British controls Boston MA militia capture and fortify Breed s Hill British soldiers led by General Howe decide to attack the hill on the 3 rd try, capture the hill Americans had too little ammunition Significance 1000 British soldiers killed 1/8 of all British soldiers who die in the war die in Bunker Hill [June 1775] Continental Congress sends King George III the Olive Branch Petition -asks king to stop fighting -asks king to work out differences King doesn t even read it -goes to Prussia and hires Prussian soldiers Hessians -Britain needs soldiers, Prussia needs money Colonies decide to invade Canada want to make it the 14 th colony Richard Montgomery and Benedict Arnold are sent to attack Quebec By the time Arnold gets there, he is tired and weakened The attack fails miserably [October 17, 1775] the British burn the town of Falmouth in Maine [January 1776] British burn Norfolk, VA Thomas Paine writes a pamphlet Common Sense -outlines why the colonies should break away from Britain -uses simple, easy-to-understand arguments -one out of every five colonists reads or has read to them - Common Sense becomes the Declaration of Independence for the Common Man -leads to discussion throughout the colonies [March 1776] George Washington and MA troops defeat the British at Dorchester Heights and force the British to flee [June 1776] Richard Henry Lee of VA

Chapter 3 The English Colonies

Chapter 3 The English Colonies Chapter 3 The English Colonies Section Notes The Southern Colonies The New England Colonies The Middle Colonies Life in the English Colonies Conflict in the Colonies History Close-up Plymouth Colony Quick

More information

Creating America (Survey) Chapter 3: The English Establish 13 Colonies,

Creating America (Survey) Chapter 3: The English Establish 13 Colonies, Creating America (Survey) Chapter 3: The English Establish 13 Colonies, 1585 1732 Section 1: Early Colonies Have Mixed Success Key Idea: Two early English colonies failed, but Jamestown survived. In the

More information

Causes of the American Revolution. SS4H4: The students will explain the causes, events and the results of the American Revolution.

Causes of the American Revolution. SS4H4: The students will explain the causes, events and the results of the American Revolution. Causes of the American Revolution SS4H4: The students will explain the causes, events and the results of the American Revolution. The Taxation Acts The King of England started taxing the colonists in the

More information

Creating America (Survey)

Creating America (Survey) Creating America (Survey) Chapter 7: The American Revolution, 1776-1783 Section 1: The Early Years of the War Main Idea: The American desire to gain rights and liberties led them to fight for independence

More information

The American Revolution

The American Revolution Main Idea The American Revolution Enlightenment ideas led to revolution, independence, and a new government for the United States. Content Statement 6/Learning Goal Describe how Enlightenment thinkers

More information

The American Revolution

The American Revolution The American Revolution At first, England and its American colonies got along well. Over time, however, things changed. The colonists became angry over British controls. This led to revolution and the

More information

America Revolution. Battles

America Revolution. Battles America Revolution Battles Paul Revere s Ride American Patriots Paul Revere and two other riders were dispatched and gave warning to towns around Lexington and Concord, Massachusetts to form militias that

More information

Copyright 2014 Edmentum - All rights reserved.

Copyright 2014 Edmentum - All rights reserved. Copyright 2014 Edmentum - All rights reserved. AP US History Blizzard Bag 2014-2015 Era of American Revolution 1. Lord Cornwallis did which of the following? A. He organized French assistance. B. He commanded

More information

THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION OR WAR FOR INDEPENDENCE 13 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA GREAT BRITAIN

THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION OR WAR FOR INDEPENDENCE 13 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA GREAT BRITAIN THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION OR WAR FOR INDEPENDENCE VS 13 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA GREAT BRITAIN 1 Steps to the American Revolution: REVOLUTION 13. Colonists react 12. Battle of Bunker Hill 11. 2 nd Continental

More information

Causes of the Revolution War Test. (Do not write on this Test)

Causes of the Revolution War Test. (Do not write on this Test) Causes of the Revolution War Test (Do not write on this Test) 1) Which group supported Patrick Henry, a famous American colonist who said, Give me liberty or give me death? a) Loyalist b) Patriots c) Tories

More information

The American Revolution was a war that was fought for: Liberty o Religious o Political o Economic

The American Revolution was a war that was fought for: Liberty o Religious o Political o Economic The American Revolution was a war that was fought for: Liberty o Religious o Political o Economic These are the 3 reasons people came to the Colonies in the 1 st place American Colonists want to expand

More information

Causes of the American Revolution

Causes of the American Revolution Causes of the American Revolution SWBAT Explain the causes of the American Revolution Do Now The Townshend Act fixed taxes on which item: A.Tea B. Glass C. Lead D.All of the Above The Albany Conference

More information

The American Revolutionary War,

The American Revolutionary War, The American Revolutionary War, 1775-1783 The Revolutionary War Topics of Conditions, 1775-1783 I. New England Phase: 1775-1776 II. Middle Atlantic Phase: 1776-1778 III. The French Alliance: 1778 IV. Southern

More information

Problems After the War

Problems After the War Problems After the War War increased tensions between British & the Colonists. 1. England becomes more involved in the running of the colonies. 2. Proclamation Line of 1763 3. Standing Army 4. How to pay

More information

Chapter 5: The Road to the Revolutionary War. The major powers of Europe: Britain, France, and Spain

Chapter 5: The Road to the Revolutionary War. The major powers of Europe: Britain, France, and Spain Chapter 5: The Road to the Revolutionary War British Domination through Trade Laws Trade Laws The major powers of Europe: Britain, France, and Spain In order to make sure that Britain had more money coming

More information

Unit 2 Review Game. 3. Name 1 way the French & Indian War changed the relationship between Britain and their American colonies.

Unit 2 Review Game. 3. Name 1 way the French & Indian War changed the relationship between Britain and their American colonies. Unit 2 Review Game 1. Two part question: (a) What caused the French & Indian War? (b) Name the two European nations that fought in the French & Indian War. 2. Two part question: (a) What was the name of

More information

THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION

THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION American Strengths and Weaknesses Patriotism Help from French George Washington Small army and short of soldiers Few trained for battle Army plagued by shortage of guns, gunpowder,

More information

Chapter 8 Section Review Packet

Chapter 8 Section Review Packet Name: Date: Section 8-1: The Articles of Confederation Chapter 8 Section Review Packet 1. Constitution 2. Republicanism 3. Limited government 4. Suffrage 5. Articles of Confederation 6. Ratification 7.

More information

Flipped Lesson 3A: : The Road to Revolution

Flipped Lesson 3A: : The Road to Revolution Flipped Lesson 3A: 1763-1775: The Road to Revolution Duncan, Mike (Producer). (2014, Feb. 16-March 2). Revolutions [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from http://www.revolutionspodcast.com/page/3/ Remember 1.

More information

Dean - U.S. History. Crisis in the Colonies & The American Revolution Unit Assessment

Dean - U.S. History. Crisis in the Colonies & The American Revolution Unit Assessment Name: Period: Date: Dean - U.S. History Crisis in the Colonies & The American Revolution Unit Assessment 1. What date was the Declaration of Independence written? a. September 17, 1774 b. January 4, 1776

More information

THE ROAD TO REVOLUTION

THE ROAD TO REVOLUTION Mr. Long Anderson High School Cincinnati, Ohio THE ROAD TO REVOLUTION 1756-1775 A4W 10.9.17 TWO REVOLUTIONARY AMERICA 4 ROAD TO REVOLUTION, 1754-1775 (Ch 4) A. Relationship with Britain B. The French and

More information

Lesson 1: Trouble over Taxes

Lesson 1: Trouble over Taxes Lesson 1 Summary Lesson 1: Trouble over Taxes Use with pages 268 273. Vocabulary Parliament Britain s law-making assembly Stamp Act law that placed a tax on printed materials in the colonies repeal cancel

More information

The Constitutional Convention

The Constitutional Convention The Constitutional Convention Overview The American Revolution ended with the Treaty of Paris in 1783 but the nation s problems were not solved by a long way. The first government, created by the Articles

More information

Revolutionary War Review. HMS 2014 Social Studies 8

Revolutionary War Review. HMS 2014 Social Studies 8 Revolutionary War Review HMS 2014 Social Studies 8 ??? First battle of the Revolutionary War Shot heard round the world 8 colonial militiamen killed The British are coming Paul Revere Lexington First battle

More information

Test - Social Studies Grade 8 Unit 03: American Revolution

Test - Social Studies Grade 8 Unit 03: American Revolution Test - Social Studies Grade 8 Unit 03: American Revolution 2013-2014 A. I 1. In 1776, thirteen colonies in North America did which of the following? A. established the United States of America B. ratified

More information

Unit 2: Creating a Nation. U. S. History from 1750 to 1796.

Unit 2: Creating a Nation. U. S. History from 1750 to 1796. Unit 2: Creating a Nation U. S. History from 1750 to 1796. The French vs. English imperial competition for the Ohio river Valley resulted in series of wars that culminated in The French and Indian War

More information

No Taxation Without Representation!! Actions that led to the Revolutionary War

No Taxation Without Representation!! Actions that led to the Revolutionary War No Taxation Without Representation!! Actions that led to the Revolutionary War Raising Taxes The French and Indian War had caused the British to be in a great deal of debt. They decided to keep a standing

More information

The American Colonies Declare Independence

The American Colonies Declare Independence The American Colonies Declare Independence Copy the notes in red. Write the notes in blue in your own words. The words in black are for your information. As taken from: mrkash.com/activities/independence.ppt

More information

The First Continental Congress and the Suffolk Resolves

The First Continental Congress and the Suffolk Resolves Chapter 6: The Revolutionary War The Final Steps Toward Independence A Review of the Intolerable Acts Britain tries to take rights away from colonists The Intolerable Acts mainly affected the Massachusetts

More information

The Causes of the French and Indian War

The Causes of the French and Indian War The Causes of the French and Indian War The End of the French Threat 1. relations between England & the colonies had been positive until the 1760s 2. England & France were the two main rivals for leadership

More information

AP UNITED STATES HISTORY 2010 SCORING GUIDELINES

AP UNITED STATES HISTORY 2010 SCORING GUIDELINES AP UNITED STATES HISTORY 2010 SCORING GUIDELINES Question 2 Analyze the political, diplomatic, and military reasons for the United States victory in the Revolutionary War. Confine your answer to the period

More information

Types of Businesses. For each event explain the cause, the actual event, and then the effects of each. Before During After Bacon s Rebellion-

Types of Businesses. For each event explain the cause, the actual event, and then the effects of each. Before During After Bacon s Rebellion- SSUSH1 The student will describe European settlement in North America during the 17th century. a. Explain Virginia s development; include the Virginia Company, tobacco cultivation, relationships with Native

More information

Fight for North America: The Emergence of Colonial and Native Societies ( )

Fight for North America: The Emergence of Colonial and Native Societies ( ) Fight for North America: The Emergence of Colonial and Native Societies (1607-1754) Essential Question #1 If the goal of colonization was to create new empires for the European powers, why did the Europeans

More information

How appealing is the idea of packing up all of your belongings and moving to a new area?

How appealing is the idea of packing up all of your belongings and moving to a new area? How appealing is the idea of packing up all of your belongings and moving to a new area? A. Very appealing B. Somewhat appealing C. Somewhat unappealing D. Very unappealing A. A B. B C. C D. D Chapter

More information

Severing the Bonds of Empire, Severing the Bonds of Empire, Severing the Bonds of Empire,

Severing the Bonds of Empire, Severing the Bonds of Empire, Severing the Bonds of Empire, Renewed Warfare Among Europeans and Indians. English surrounded by hostile neighbors Indians, everywhere outside settled boundaries Spanish Florida region French along Great Inland System of Rivers St.

More information

Settling the Middle [or Restoration ] Colonies

Settling the Middle [or Restoration ] Colonies THE MIDDLE COLONIES New York Settling the Middle [or Restoration ] Colonies Old Netherlanders at New Netherlands 1600s Golden Age of Dutch history. Major commercial and naval power. Challenging England

More information

Ch. 5 : The Federalist Era

Ch. 5 : The Federalist Era Ch. 5 : The Federalist Era Main Idea George Washington The First Congress Thomas Jefferson Details/Notes The first President of the United States. As president, he issued a Proclamation of Neutrality and

More information

Fifth Grade Social Studies Social Studies Course Outline

Fifth Grade Social Studies Social Studies Course Outline Crossings Christian School Academic Guide Middle School Division Grades 5-8 Fifth Grade Social Studies Geography SWBAT: Identify parts of a globe; North & South poles, equator, hemispheres, prime meridian,

More information

Important Historical Events of the Colonial Period

Important Historical Events of the Colonial Period Important Historical Events of the Colonial Period 1607 Jamestown, the first permanent English settlement in America, is established by the London Company in southeast Virginia. Jamestown 1619 1620 The

More information

CAUSES OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION. Part II

CAUSES OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION. Part II CAUSES OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION Part II FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR Last of a series of wars fought between Britain and France Fighting over land and fur trade in N. America. George Washington gains military

More information

Hour: Use complete sentences if needed. American Revolution Webquest

Hour: Use complete sentences if needed. American Revolution Webquest Name: KEY Hour: Use complete sentences if needed. American Revolution Webquest Type in the following web address http://amrevmuseum.org/timeline/ Feel free to look at the pictures, watch podcasts, click

More information

Ideas of the Revolution

Ideas of the Revolution Warm up: Using your notes from last class and the posters you created answer the following question: Were the American colonists justified in rebelling against British rule? Ideas of the Revolution Natural

More information

AP United States History Unit Three Study Guide

AP United States History Unit Three Study Guide AP United States History Unit Three Study Guide Directions: In the space provided, identify each of the following with a detailed description Significant Term, Person, or Event Text Page Description French

More information

Chapter 3: European Exploration and Colonization

Chapter 3: European Exploration and Colonization Chapter 3: European Exploration and Colonization Trade Route to Asia in the 1400s European Trade With Asia Traders - people who get wealth by buying items from a group of people at a low price and selling

More information

GEORGIA AMERICAN REVOLUTION

GEORGIA AMERICAN REVOLUTION GEORGIA in the AMERICAN REVOLUTION AMERICA HEADS TOWARD INDEPENDENCE: Until 1763, independence was unthinkable!!! Great Britain was the greatest, most powerful nation on earth, and the American colonists

More information

Lecture Notes, Chapter 7 1

Lecture Notes, Chapter 7 1 What kind of democracy? Pure democracy Greeks Republican in form NOT Republican Party representative White Males only landowning Left door open to non-landowning later States Drafting of State Constitutions

More information

Fourth Grade Social Studies Study Guide 2 nd Quarter (Second Nine Weeks)

Fourth Grade Social Studies Study Guide 2 nd Quarter (Second Nine Weeks) The Revolution (Skills 40-46) Fourth Grade Social Studies Study Guide 2 nd Quarter (Second Nine Weeks) 1. Name the thirteen original colonies that will become the thirteen original states. (p284-285) New

More information

America: Pathways to the Present. Chapter 2 ( )

America: Pathways to the Present. Chapter 2 ( ) America: Pathways to the Present Chapter 2 European Colonization of the Americas (1492 1752) Copyright 2005 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey. All

More information

American Revolution Test. Directions: Choose the answer that best completes each question.

American Revolution Test. Directions: Choose the answer that best completes each question. American Revolution Test Name: Directions: Choose the answer that best completes each question. 1. During the Boston Tea Party, what did the colonist dress up like? a. Loyalists b. Native Americans c.

More information

Reporting Category 1. Eras: Colonial Period, American Revolution Number of Questions on Test: 7 Facts You must Know

Reporting Category 1. Eras: Colonial Period, American Revolution Number of Questions on Test: 7 Facts You must Know Time Period: 1607 1781 Reporting Category 1 Eras: Colonial Period, American Revolution Number of Questions on Test: 7 Facts You must Know 1. The New England Colonies were settled by people seeking religions

More information

Chapter 3: The English Colonies

Chapter 3: The English Colonies Chapter 3: The English Colonies Section 1: The Southern Colonies Settlement in Jamestown In 1605 a company of English merchants asked King James I for the right to found, or establish, a settlement. In

More information

The Americans (Survey)

The Americans (Survey) The Americans (Survey) Chapter 6: TELESCOPING THE TIMES Launching the New Nation CHAPTER OVERVIEW As the new government takes hold, the United States sees the growth of political parties. A land purchase

More information

* Describe geography of 3 colonial regions. * Describe economy of the 3 colonial regions. * Describe 3 different types of government in colonial

* Describe geography of 3 colonial regions. * Describe economy of the 3 colonial regions. * Describe 3 different types of government in colonial * Describe geography of 3 colonial regions. * Describe economy of the 3 colonial regions. * Describe 3 different types of government in colonial America. * Explain concepts of Separation of Church & State,

More information

Test Pilot Submission Confirmation

Test Pilot Submission Confirmation Test: US History Chapter 9 Test Date: 12/10/2010 Time: 20:36:40 America/New_York User: sarverr IP: 184.88.59.210 Test Pilot Submission Confirmation Thank you for your submission! E-Mail notification to

More information

Sample Test: Colonialism and Foundations of America. Use the following map and your knowledge of Social Studies to answer question 1.

Sample Test: Colonialism and Foundations of America. Use the following map and your knowledge of Social Studies to answer question 1. Sample Test: Colonialism and Foundations of America Use the following map and your knowledge of Social Studies to answer question 1. 1. What key activity does this map depict? A Middle Passage B Trans-Saharan

More information

The Causes of the American Revolution. I. Effects of the French & Indian War (Seven Years' War) 1. War ends with the signing of the Treaty of Paris.

The Causes of the American Revolution. I. Effects of the French & Indian War (Seven Years' War) 1. War ends with the signing of the Treaty of Paris. The Causes of the American Revolution I. Effects of the French & Indian War (Seven Years' War) A. Proclamation of 1763 1. War ends with the signing of the Treaty of Paris. 2. Boundary drawn. American colonists

More information

4. After all groups have finished, have the groups share and explain their answers.

4. After all groups have finished, have the groups share and explain their answers. Title: Patriot, Loyalist, or Neutral? You Decide By Lynne Fuller, Carusi Middle School Historical Background: During the American Revolution, the American colonists had to decide to support the War for

More information

Name Date. American Revolution

Name Date. American Revolution Name Date Mastering the Content Circle the letter next to the best answer. American Revolution 1. Before 1760, which statement best describes the colonies? A. The colonies had assemblies that passed laws.

More information

Great Britain Raises Taxes

Great Britain Raises Taxes BUILDING BACKGROUND As the British colonies grew and became prosperous, the colonists got used to running their own lives. Britain began to seem very far away. At the same time, officials in Britain still

More information

No Taxation without Representation

No Taxation without Representation No Taxation without Representation After the French and Indian War, England was broke. They had spent a lot of money to protect the colonists in America. England thought that America should help to pay

More information

The Making of a Nation: The French and Indian War

The Making of a Nation: The French and Indian War The Making of a Nation: The French and Indian War During the eighteenth century, Spain, France, and Britain controlled land in North America. Spain controlled Florida. France was powerful in the northern

More information

Ch. 2 Section 4: The Race for Empires Events in Europe Many significant events took place in Europe in the 1500 s. Disagreements about religion threw

Ch. 2 Section 4: The Race for Empires Events in Europe Many significant events took place in Europe in the 1500 s. Disagreements about religion threw Ch. 2 Section 4: The Race for Empires Events in Europe Many significant events took place in Europe in the 1500 s. Disagreements about religion threw Europe into turmoil. Some of these disagreements eventually

More information

No Taxation Without Representation U N I T 3, N O T E S 3

No Taxation Without Representation U N I T 3, N O T E S 3 No Taxation Without Representation U N I T 3, N O T E S 3 Results of the French and Indian War Britain became the leading European power in North America English language and traditions became the status

More information

The American Revolution

The American Revolution The American Revolution Grade 4 Unit 7 Timeline Cards Subject Matter Expert J. Chris Arndt Illustration and Photo Credits Chapter 5 Scott Hammond Chapter 7 Scott Hammond Chapter 8, Card 1 Durga Benhard

More information

Europeans Colonize North America 1600-1640. Europeans Colonize North America 1600-1640. Europeans Colonize North America 1600-1640

Europeans Colonize North America 1600-1640. Europeans Colonize North America 1600-1640. Europeans Colonize North America 1600-1640 New Spain, New France, and New Netherland New Spain Spanish were first to set up permanent settlements in the new world 1565 St. Augustine, Florida oldest continuously inhabited European settlement in

More information

Hear Ye! Hear Ye! Summative Assessment A for Independent- To Be or Not To Be?

Hear Ye! Hear Ye! Summative Assessment A for Independent- To Be or Not To Be? Hear Ye! Hear Ye! Summative Assessment A for Independent- To Be or Not To Be? Table of Contents Item Page Description of Summative Activity 2 Teacher Directions 2 The following day Student Directions 3

More information

Timeline of the American Revolution

Timeline of the American Revolution Timeline of the American Revolution 1763 February 10 October 7 1764 April 5 1765 March 22 March 24 1766 March 18 The French and Indian War ended with the signing of the Treaty of Paris. Great Britain defeated

More information

The 13 American Colonies Part 1: Coming to America

The 13 American Colonies  Part 1: Coming to America The 13 American Colonies Name: http://www.socialstudiesforkids.com/articles/ushistory/13colonies3.htm Part 1: Coming to America The first colonies in North America were along the eastern coast. Settlers

More information

Chapter 9: The Policies of Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson

Chapter 9: The Policies of Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson Chapter 9: The Policies of Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson Department of State, Department of Treasury, Department of War, Attorney General, Postmaster General : 5 government departments established

More information

The American Revolution

The American Revolution The American Revolution During the second half of the eighteenth century, North American colonists of the British Empire became increasingly frustrated and disillusioned with being subjected to monarchical

More information

Decision Making: Hamilton s Economic Policies Part 1: The Debt PROBLEM

Decision Making: Hamilton s Economic Policies Part 1: The Debt PROBLEM Decision Making: Hamilton s Economic Policies Part 1: The Debt PROBLEM The year is 1790, and George Washington has been President under the new national government, The Constitution, for about a year.

More information

Imperial Breakdown Imperial Breakdown Video Series: Key Topics in U.S. History The Crisis of Imperial Authority

Imperial Breakdown Imperial Breakdown Video Series: Key Topics in U.S. History The Crisis of Imperial Authority 1 2 3 4 5 6 Imperial Breakdown 1763 1774 The Crisis of Imperial Authority What new challenges did the British government face in North America after 1763? Republican Ideology and Colonial Protest How did

More information

relationship between states and national govt. was difficult to define people thought of the colony as the primary political unit reluctant to unite

relationship between states and national govt. was difficult to define people thought of the colony as the primary political unit reluctant to unite Warm-up for 5-1 What would happen if every player on a basketball team concentrated on setting personal records rather than working as a team to win games? What would happen to the national government

More information

Chapter 10: How Americans Settled the Frontier. The white settlers moving west into land that Native Americans lived : westward expansion.

Chapter 10: How Americans Settled the Frontier. The white settlers moving west into land that Native Americans lived : westward expansion. Chapter 10: How Americans Settled the Frontier Multiple Perspectives and the Idea of a Frontier Frontier : The land west of where most white settlers lived. Native Americans lived on the frontier. The

More information

6.1 EQ: What challenges did the American revolutionaries face at the start of the war?

6.1 EQ: What challenges did the American revolutionaries face at the start of the war? 6.1 EQ: What challenges did the American revolutionaries face at the start of the war? The Opposing Sides British advantages: larger population (8 mil to 2.5 mil) strongest navy in world $ from King experienced,

More information

8/29/2010. Road to the American Revolution

8/29/2010. Road to the American Revolution Road to the American Revolution 1 BASIC CAUSES OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR Mercantilism and British economic control of the colonies Colonies were to only buy from the mother country. Colonies were to sell

More information

CHAPTER FOUR: REVOLUTIONARY AMERICA: CHANGE AND TRANSFORMATION, 1764 1783 READING AND STUDY GUIDE

CHAPTER FOUR: REVOLUTIONARY AMERICA: CHANGE AND TRANSFORMATION, 1764 1783 READING AND STUDY GUIDE CHAPTER FOUR: REVOLUTIONARY AMERICA: CHANGE AND TRANSFORMATION, 1764 1783 READING AND STUDY GUIDE I. Tightening the Reins of Empire A. Taxation without Representation B. The Stamp Act Crisis C. An Assault

More information

PLAY THE 13 COLONIES GAME. Chapter : The Thirteen Colonies

PLAY THE 13 COLONIES GAME. Chapter : The Thirteen Colonies PLAY THE 13 COLONIES GAME Chapter 4.1-4.3: The Thirteen Colonies 1750 Do Now: Examine the map: In 1750 who else was living in North America? What feelings might they have about the European colonists?

More information

English Colonization, Part 2: New England Colonies

English Colonization, Part 2: New England Colonies English Colonization, Part 2: New England Colonies Differences in Colonizing The New England colonies were very different from the Chesapeake colonies from the very beginning The New England colonies were

More information

AP UNITED STATES HISTORY 2009 SCORING GUIDELINES

AP UNITED STATES HISTORY 2009 SCORING GUIDELINES AP UNITED STATES HISTORY 2009 SCORING GUIDELINES Question 2 Analyze the ways in which British imperial policies between 1763 and 1776 intensified colonials resistance to British rule and their commitment

More information

Economic: o Slavery is cheaper than indentured servitude. o Slave Trade. o Tight packing vs. loose packing. o Large Plantations.

Economic: o Slavery is cheaper than indentured servitude. o Slave Trade. o Tight packing vs. loose packing. o Large Plantations. How did economic, geographic, and social factors encourage the growth of slavery as an important part of the economy of the southern colonies between 1607 and 1775? (2001) Economic: o Slavery is cheaper

More information

Reading Questions/Guided over Colonial America: Completely answer each question below and define each term. Use complete sentences.

Reading Questions/Guided over Colonial America: Completely answer each question below and define each term. Use complete sentences. APUSH Summer Reading Assignment 2016 Ms. Tidwell Dear Incoming AP US History Student, Congratulations on your decision to take AP US History. If you lose this packet, it will be available on the PHS website

More information

The Road To The American Revolution, 1750s

The Road To The American Revolution, 1750s The Road To The American Revolution, 1750s - 1776 French and Indian War 1754-1763 France & Native Americans vs. British and Colonists British & Colonists victorious Expensive to Fight Britain wanted colonists

More information

Loyalists. Who Were the Loyalists?

Loyalists. Who Were the Loyalists? The Loyalists were colonists who stayed loyal to Britain and King George III during the American Revolution. They were against American independence. There were about 500,000 Loyalists when the American

More information

Chapter 6 The Problems that England Faced after the French and Indian War

Chapter 6 The Problems that England Faced after the French and Indian War Page 23 Chapter 6 The Problems that England Faced after the French and Indian War In 1759, thirty-one-year-old General James Wolf led a small but determined band of British soldiers up the steep cliff

More information

American Revolution. Name:

American Revolution. Name: Name: American Revolution 1. The Tea Act was passed by British Parliament. It said that... a. colonists in America were not allowed to drink tea b. colonists in America must produce more tea for Britain

More information

Chapter 4 Section 2: The Middle Colonies

Chapter 4 Section 2: The Middle Colonies Chapter 4 Section 2: The Middle Colonies In this section, we will: Explain why the colony of New Netherland became the colony of New York. Identify why New Jersey separated from New York. Describe how

More information

The Federalist Period (1789 1800)

The Federalist Period (1789 1800) The Federalist Period (1789 1800) Issues Facing the New Nation The new American nation created under the Constitution had two important orders of business facing it Draft the Bill of Rights that had been

More information

Federalists and Anti-Federalists Debate

Federalists and Anti-Federalists Debate Federalists and Anti-Federalists Debate The proposed Constitution, and the change it wrought in the nature of the American Union, spawned one of the greatest political debates of all time. In addition

More information

Creating America (Survey) Chapter 2: European Exploration of the Americas,

Creating America (Survey) Chapter 2: European Exploration of the Americas, Creating America (Survey) Chapter 2: European Exploration of the Americas, 1492 1700 Section 1: Spain Claims an Empire Main Idea: Spain Claimed a large empire in the Americas. In 1493, Pope Alexander VI

More information

Challenges to the New Government

Challenges to the New Government Challenges to the New Government challenge #1 Debt, debt, debt The new government was in debt, and something had to be done about it. Washington did something that many people would not like? He raised

More information

17. WHO BECOMES PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES IF THE PRESIDENT SHOULD DIE? 22. HOW MANY CHANGES OR AMENDMENTS ARE THERE TO THE CONSTITUTION?

17. WHO BECOMES PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES IF THE PRESIDENT SHOULD DIE? 22. HOW MANY CHANGES OR AMENDMENTS ARE THERE TO THE CONSTITUTION? DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE Immigration & Naturalization Service 100 Typical Questions 1. WHAT ARE THE COLORS OF OUR FLAG? 2. HOW MANY STARS ARE THERE IN OUR FLAG? 3. WHAT COLOR ARE THE STARS ON OUR FLAG? 4.

More information

Ch. 3 Section 5: Conflict in the Colonies

Ch. 3 Section 5: Conflict in the Colonies Ch. 3 Section 5: Conflict in the Colonies Great Britain Raises Taxes Great Britain had won the French and Indian War, but Parliament still had to pay for it. The British continued to keep a standing, or

More information

American Revolution Must-Knows Visual Review

American Revolution Must-Knows Visual Review American Revolution Must-Knows Visual Review Clearly Great Britain (and other countries like France and Spain) believed in the idea of setting up colonies to benefit economically from them. Question #1

More information

2. Identify and describe each of the three levels of Colonial America:

2. Identify and describe each of the three levels of Colonial America: Life in Colonial America Chapter 4 p. 107-122 Colonial Society: Define the terms gentry and indentured servant Read pages 110-112 in the textbook and the information sheets Answer questions #1-2 below

More information

Alexander Hamilton Background Information: View of the nature of human beings:

Alexander Hamilton Background Information: View of the nature of human beings: Alexander Hamilton Background Information: Alexander Hamilton was born in the British West Indies in 1755, the son of James Hamilton and Rachel Lavine, who were not yet married. Hamilton s father abandoned

More information

Take this Test! 1. The Aztec Empire was located in Canada or Central America?

Take this Test! 1. The Aztec Empire was located in Canada or Central America? Take this Test! Round One 1. The Aztec Empire was located in Canada or Central America? 2. Where did Roger Williams eventually settle?...maryland or Rhode Island? 3. During the European settlement of the

More information

Colonial America- The Southern Colonies Webquest and Video Analysis- Key

Colonial America- The Southern Colonies Webquest and Video Analysis- Key Name: Colonial America- The Southern Colonies Webquest and Video Analysis- Key Directions: Complete the following questions using resources from the links listed below: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p47tzljbdag

More information

Western European Governments in the 17 th Century

Western European Governments in the 17 th Century APEH Review Western European Governments in the 17 th Century The English Civil War & Restoration The Glorious Revolution The Dutch Republic Cardinals Richelieu & Mazarin in France England in the 17 th

More information

Creating America (Survey)

Creating America (Survey) Creating America (Survey) Chapter 17: The Tide of War Turns, 1863-1865 Section 1: The Emancipation Proclamation Main Idea: In 1863, President Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, which helped

More information