The 13 Colonies. By: Gabby

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1 The 13 Colonies By: Gabby

2 New England Colonies Maine New Hampshire Massachusetts Connecticut Rhode Island Middle Colonies New York Pennsylvania New Jersey Delaware Maryland Southern Colonies Virginia North Carolina South Carolina Georgia

3 Virginia Who: London Company Why: Founded from a desire to gain wealth and to a lesser extent to convert the natives to Christianity. When:1609 Named for: King James the First Major Cities: Jamestown

4 Massachusetts Who: Separatists - Puritans Why: Separatists in England fled to Holland in 1608 and then decided to find refuge in America where they could create a home for themselves in the Massachusetts Colony. When:1620 Named for: Large Hill Place Major Cities: Boston, Quincy, Plymouth, Salem, Lexington, Concord

5 New Hampshire Who: John Wheelwright Why: To create a fishing colony When:1623 Named for: County of Hampshire in England Major Cities: Concord

6 Maryland Who: Lord Baltimore Why: to create a refuge for Roman Catholics When: 1634 Named for: Queen Henrietta Maria of England Major Cities: Baltimore and Annapolis

7 Connecticut Who: Thomas Hooker Why: They were looking for more freedom and financial opportunities When: c Named for: Beside the long tidal river Major Cities: Hartford and New Haven

8 Rhode Island Who: Roger Williams Why: His beliefs in separation of church and state and freedom of religion. When: 1636 Named for: Red Island Major Cities: Providence

9 Delaware Who: Peter Minuit Why: When Charles II, King of England gave his brother James, the Duke of York, New Netherland, he demanded and received its surrender. When: 1638 Named for: named for an early governor of colonial Virginia, Lord de la Warr Major Cities: Wilmington

10 North Carolina Who: Virginians Why: King Charles II issued a royal charter to eight nobles to settle the area south of Virginia. When: 1653 Named for: Charles I of England Major Cities: Raleigh

11 South Carolina Who: King Charles II Why: In 1663, King Charles II issued a royal charter to eight nobles to settle the area south of Virginia. When: 1663 Named for: Charles I of England Major Cities: Charleston

12 New Jersey Who: Lord Berkeley and Sir George Carteret Why: Advertised and promised settlers many benefits for colonizing including representative government and freedom of religion When: 1664 Named for: Isle of Jersey in England Major Cities: Trenton and Princeton

13 New York Who: Duke of York Why: Received control of New Netherland. When: 1664 Named for: Duke of York Major Cities: New York City and Albany

14 Pennsylvania Who: William Penn Why: Land grant that was owed his deceased Father When: 1682 Named for: William Penn's father and sylvania Major Cities: Philadelphia, Lancaster, and York

15 Georgia Who: James Oglethorpe Why: Given a charter from King George II to create a new colony. When: 1732 Named for: England's King George II Major Cities: Savannah

16 New England Colonies Natural Resources: Fish, whales, trees and furs Major Industries: Timber and lumber industries Crops/Agriculture: Corn and grain

17 Middle Colonies Natural Resources: Rich farm land, forests, and fish. Major Industries: Iron, paper, and textiles Crops/Agriculture: Wheat and other grains

18 Southern Colonies Natural Resources: Timber Major Industries: Plantation Crops/Agriculture: Tobacco, rice, and indigo

19 13 Colonies Homes In colonial times most homes were simply one big room. It was used for sleeping, eating, cooking, and working. The older children would sleep in the attics while the grownups and babies slept in the large room. The babies slept in cradles close to the fire. Bags filled with scratchy straw were used for mattresses in the attic. Mothers and fathers slept in a jack-bed. They could not sleep stretched out because the bed was short to save space and it was not long enough to lay straight. Religion The colonies had religious services. Each of the colonies had different beliefs about what people should learn in those services. Most of the New England colonists were Puritans and they led very strict lives. They would meet in a meetinghouse. It was a large building in the center of the town and was used for meetings as well as church services. The Middle colonists were a mixture of religions, including Quakers, Catholics, and Jews. The Southern colonies also had a mixture of religions including Baptist and Anglicans.

20 13 Colonies Education At school they were taught to read, write, and do some arithmetic, which is like math. They needed to learn this because then they can read the bible, write letters to people and keep track of their amount of money. Their town was considered lucky to have a schoolhouse because most towns didn t have one. If they didn t have a school their parents would teach them some things. Then they would probably have the same job that their father has when they grow up. Fun & Games In the colonial days everyone was very busy, but there was still time for games and recreation. Children would play games to help them with skills like running, jumping and throwing. All of their games were made from things they had because there were no factories or stores that made toys. In the colonial days there were many children in a family, so the boys and girls always had lots of playmates.

21 13 Colonies Food Sweets and desserts were something the colonists loved. Usually pies, cobblers, and cakes were served at the end of a meal. If there wasn't enough time to make a pie, Apple Tansy was served. This sugary dessert was made from apples covered with a sauce made of beaten eggs, cream, nutmeg, and sugar. The colonists also went wild over ice cream, a favorite dessert. Clothing The colonial people liked bright-colored clothing. Yellow, red, purple, and blue were their favorite colors. Thread was dyed with poke berries and it was used to make red capes for woman ands girls. Woman and girls would keep their hair covered all the time. They wore mob caps. Boys had long hair and an odd fashion craze was the wig for men. The wigs were human hair, goat hair, or horse hair. If a person was really poor, his wig was made out of thread. The wig would fit very tight on the head and the worst thing for a man would be that he "flipped his wig" or the best thing would be to be known as a "big wig" because that meant that the man was wealthy.

22 This a blacksmith, he makes horse shoes.

23 This is a milliner, she makes cloths.

24 . This is a shoemaker, he makes shoes

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