#20 in notebook WHAT EVENTS LED TO THE CHEROKEE REMOVAL?

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "#20 in notebook WHAT EVENTS LED TO THE CHEROKEE REMOVAL?"

Transcription

1 #20 in notebook WHAT EVENTS LED TO THE CHEROKEE REMOVAL?

2 I. BACKGROUND 1733 Georgia was founded. Colonists were welcomed by Tomochichi, a Yamacraw Indian. Most of Georgia was inhabited by Indians Just 105 years later, Georgia s Native Americans were gone. WHAT HAPPENED?

3 I. BACKGROUND (CONT.) Cultural differences esp. about land ownership began to cause problems Native Americans believed land could not be owned. Rather, it was used and managed. Whites had the European view that land could be owned, bought, sold and inherited.

4 BACKGROUND (CONT.) During the American Revolution, most Indians sided with the British. When the Patriots won, this cost many of them their land. During the War of 1812, most Indians sided with the United States. Even though they picked the winning side this time, many still lost land.

5 BACKGROUND (CONT.) The American government decided a civilization policy would be the best for Indians in the eastern U.S. Those 5 tribes were the Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw, Chickasaw, and Seminole. During the 1800s, most tribal leaders were of mixed ancestry white fathers and Indian mothers. Many had received formal education in northern schools.

6 I. CREEKS Were a confederation of tribes Called themselves Muscogee Lived in northern Alabama, western and southern Georgia During Rev. War, most Creeks had sided with the British. After war, were punished by having to give up parts of their land, including land wanted by Georgia settlers

7 Upper Creeks refused to give up land in Georgia. Led by chief Alexander McGillivray. They fought w/white settlers. Eventually signed the Treaty of New York and gave up land between Oconee and Ogeechee Rivers War of 1812 US vs. Great Britain (again!) Creeks divided themselves. Red Sticks sided with the British; White Sticks sided with the US Gen. Andrew Jackson led US Army and White Sticks in attacks against Red Sticks. The most pivotal battle was the Battle of Horseshoe Bend in AL in 1814.

8 II. WILLIAM MCINTOSH Mother was Creek and father was Scottish Fought with Jackson at Horseshoe Bend in McIntosh signed Treaty of Indian Springs that gave up rest of Creek land in Georgia May 1, 1825 Creek warriors marched to McIntosh s home and set it on fire. When McIntosh ran out of the house, he was shot, stabbed and scalped By 1827, Creeks had been removed from GA

9

10 I. REMOVAL 1828 Andrew Jackson was elected president. Even though he had used the Indians to help him fight during the War of 1812, he knew white voters wanted Indians removed from the southeast. In 1830, the Indian Removal Act was passed. This law provided federal funding to move all Indians to the Indian territory west of the Mississippi River.

11 The Choctaw were removed first, then the Chickasaw. The Creeks refused to leave their homeland. The Creek in Georgia were going hungry and suffering from smallpox. Creek leaders gave up 5 million acres in order to keep 2 million. The Creek were eventually removed in The Cherokee were the last group removed in 1838 aka The Trail of Tears.

12 The treaty was ignored by white settlers who burned Creek homes and stole from their farms. After some Creeks attacked white settlers near Tuskegee, Alabama, the U.S. Army captured almost 1,000 and forced them to move to the Indian territory.

13 III. CHEROKEE Lived in parts of 4 states Georgia, Alabama, Tennessee, and North Carolina During the Revolutionary War, they sided with the British but in the War of 1812, they sided with the Americans.

14 CHEROKEE Seen as the most civilized of five civilized tribes because: Sequoyah had created syllabary for tribe, making Cherokee first tribe to have written language Had permanent captial New Echota in GA Wrote constitution similar to US constitution Accepted Christianity Educated their people in their written language

15

16 IV. CONFLICT WITH GA State of GA would not recognize Cherokee s government 1828 declared Cherokee laws null and void 1829 cherokee officials, including Chief John Ross, went to D.C. to present case before Congress Andrew Jackson becomes president and urges Congress to pass Indian Removal Act

17 CONFLICT WITH GA Gold discovered in Dahlonega becoming America s first gold rush 1830 Georgia claimed Cherokee land Whites had to sign oath of allegiance to state Many missionaries refused and were jailed Suit was filed and went to Supreme Court. Worcester vs. Georgia was case. Chief Justice John Marshall ruled that Georgia laws did NOT apply to the Cherokee nation

18 CONFLICT WITH GA 1832 Georgia began dividing Cherokee land for a land lottery 1835 a small group of Cherokee signed the Treaty of New Echota, giving away their land 1836 Treaty of New Echota ratified in US Senate by 1 vote. Cherokee given 2 years to move

19 V. TRAIL OF TEARS 1838 Gen. Winfield Scott and US Army troops started rounding up Cherokee from their homes They were put in stockades through the summer of 1838 Most walked the 800 miles from Cherokee territory to Oklahoma Around 16,000 left and nearly 4,000 died on the journey

20

Indian Removal: The Cherokees, Jackson, and the Trail of Tears

Indian Removal: The Cherokees, Jackson, and the Trail of Tears Indian Removal: The Cherokees, Jackson, and the Trail of Tears President Andrew Jackson pursued a policy of removing the Cherokees and other Southeastern tribes from their homelands to the unsettled West.

More information

The Age of Jackson. Chapter 10

The Age of Jackson. Chapter 10 Chapter 10 The Age of Jackson Main Idea The Election of 1824 electoral changes The Election of 1828 Democratic Republicans Details/Notes Henry Clay of Kentucky, Andrew Jackson of Tennessee, and John Quincy

More information

Trail of Tears. Grade 4 Social Studies Online

Trail of Tears. Grade 4 Social Studies Online Trail of Tears Grade 4 Social Studies Online Blueprint Skill: Era 4 - Expansion and Reform (1801-1861) Read and interpret a passage about the Trail of Tears. Cherokee culture Before contact, Cherokee culture

More information

Indian Removal Lesson Plan. Central Historical Question: Why did people in the 1830s support Indian Removal?

Indian Removal Lesson Plan. Central Historical Question: Why did people in the 1830s support Indian Removal? Lesson Plan Central Historical Question: Why did people in the 1830s support? Materials: PPT United Streaming Video Segment: Forced Westward (from The West: Empire Upon the Trails 1806-1848): http://player.discoveryeducation.com/index.cfm?guidassetid=cb1a416

More information

Brief Historical Overview

Brief Historical Overview Brief Historical Overview U. S. Indian Removal Act passed in 1830 Gold found on Cherokee land in Georgia same year Georgia passed law that no Cherokee business could be conducted in the state. Cherokee

More information

The President, the Chief Justice, and the Cherokee Nation

The President, the Chief Justice, and the Cherokee Nation The President, the Chief Justice, and the Cherokee Nation OVERVIEW This lesson examines the power of judicial review, its application in the case of Worchester v. Georgia, and legal rights of the Cherokee

More information

Cherokee Genealogy Today we will learn Start at the beginning! must

Cherokee Genealogy Today we will learn Start at the beginning! must Cherokee Genealogy A Primer for Genealogists Today we will learn Some basic steps for doing Indian genealogy Who are the Cherokee? The removal Trail of Tears Records existing as a result of the removal

More information

Appalachian American Indians A Timeline of the Historic Period

Appalachian American Indians A Timeline of the Historic Period Appalachian American Indians A Timeline of the Historic Period Prior to 1700 Shawnee and Mingo colonies claimed the eastern panhandle of what is now WV and the south eastern area- including the areas that

More information

DBQ: Indian Removal Act and the Trail of Tears Bill Woolwine Winter Haven Senior High

DBQ: Indian Removal Act and the Trail of Tears Bill Woolwine Winter Haven Senior High DBQ: Indian Removal Act and the Trail of Tears Bill Woolwine Winter Haven Senior High Directions: The following question is based on the accompanying documents (1-9). Some of these documents have been

More information

Structured Academic Controversy Lesson on the Removal of Cherokee Indians: Should the United States forcefully remove Cherokee Indians from Georgia?

Structured Academic Controversy Lesson on the Removal of Cherokee Indians: Should the United States forcefully remove Cherokee Indians from Georgia? Sara Leonard December 14, 2008 Dr. Stoddard SAC Lesson Plan Structured Academic Controversy Lesson on the Removal of Cherokee Indians: Should the United States forcefully remove Cherokee Indians from Georgia?

More information

Chapter 9: The Policies of Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson

Chapter 9: The Policies of Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson Chapter 9: The Policies of Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson Department of State, Department of Treasury, Department of War, Attorney General, Postmaster General : 5 government departments established

More information

Chapter 10: How Americans Settled the Frontier. The white settlers moving west into land that Native Americans lived : westward expansion.

Chapter 10: How Americans Settled the Frontier. The white settlers moving west into land that Native Americans lived : westward expansion. Chapter 10: How Americans Settled the Frontier Multiple Perspectives and the Idea of a Frontier Frontier : The land west of where most white settlers lived. Native Americans lived on the frontier. The

More information

Cherokee Nation v. Georgia

Cherokee Nation v. Georgia Cherokee Nation v. Georgia Plaintiff: Cherokee Indian Nation Defendant: State of Georgia Plaintiff's Claim: That the U.S. Supreme Court, using its constitutional powers to resolve disputes between states

More information

Sam Houston, 1793-1863: An Early Leader of Texas

Sam Houston, 1793-1863: An Early Leader of Texas 12 November 2011 voaspecialenglish.com Sam Houston, 1793-1863: An Early Leader of Texas Cavalry soldiers line up at Fort Sam Houston, Texas loc.gov (You can download an MP3 of this story at voaspecialenglish.com)

More information

Exploring South Carolina

Exploring South Carolina Exploring South Carolina Rose Capell Lander University Rosemary_81@hotmail.com Overview This lesson is based on South Carolina: An Atlas. Students will use the atlas to compare the regions in which the

More information

FAQ. Chickasaw and Choctaw Timber, Mineral Rights and Tribal Lands. Q. What is the case currently before the Federal Court?

FAQ. Chickasaw and Choctaw Timber, Mineral Rights and Tribal Lands. Q. What is the case currently before the Federal Court? FAQ Chickasaw and Choctaw Timber, Mineral Rights and Tribal Lands Q. What is the case currently before the Federal Court? In 2005, the Chickasaw and Choctaw Nations brought suit against the U.S. Government

More information

Survivor of the Trail of Tears in 1838

Survivor of the Trail of Tears in 1838 Rebecca Neugin Lesson Plan for the Trail of Tears by Dr. Carole Bucy Era 4: Expansion & Reform (1801-1861) Time Period: Trail of Tears 1838 Survivor of the Trail of Tears in 1838 Born: 1834 in Cherokee

More information

The Americans (Survey)

The Americans (Survey) The Americans (Survey) Chapter 6: TELESCOPING THE TIMES Launching the New Nation CHAPTER OVERVIEW As the new government takes hold, the United States sees the growth of political parties. A land purchase

More information

The Campbell Family. Chapter 1 9 th and 8 th generations featuring Adam and son Alexander. Late 1700s and early 1800s

The Campbell Family. Chapter 1 9 th and 8 th generations featuring Adam and son Alexander. Late 1700s and early 1800s The Campbell Family Chapter 1 9 th and 8 th generations featuring Adam and son Alexander Late 1700s and early 1800s 4/4/2012 2:08 PM Many relatives have provided information and photos for the Campbell

More information

The Civil War. Chapter 15

The Civil War. Chapter 15 The Civil War Chapter 15 The Anaconda Plan (Winfield Scott Essentially a siege Hoped for southern unionists to retake control of their governments Not practical because of lack of ships The war unfolded

More information

FLORIDA BECOMES A U.S. TERITORY By Laura Harder and Toni Migliore

FLORIDA BECOMES A U.S. TERITORY By Laura Harder and Toni Migliore FLORIDA BECOMES A U.S. TERITORY By Laura Harder and Toni Migliore Summary: After the British returned Florida to Spain, Florida came under Spanish rule for a second time. During this second period, which

More information

The Making of a Nation: The French and Indian War

The Making of a Nation: The French and Indian War The Making of a Nation: The French and Indian War During the eighteenth century, Spain, France, and Britain controlled land in North America. Spain controlled Florida. France was powerful in the northern

More information

The Civil War 1861 1863

The Civil War 1861 1863 The Civil War 1861 1863 The Civil War was a fight between the United States of America (the North) and the Confederate States of America (the South). It began after the 1860 Presidential Election. The

More information

THE JEFFERSON ERA CHAPTER 10

THE JEFFERSON ERA CHAPTER 10 THE JEFFERSON ERA CHAPTER 10 ELECTION OF 1800 FEDERALISTS- JOHN ADAMS DEMOCRATIC REPUBLICANS- JEFFERSON JEFFERSON ARGUED THAT GOVERNMENT WAS GETTING OUT OF CONTROL (EX: ALIEN SEDITION ACTS) FEDERALISTS

More information

Ch. 5 : The Federalist Era

Ch. 5 : The Federalist Era Ch. 5 : The Federalist Era Main Idea George Washington The First Congress Thomas Jefferson Details/Notes The first President of the United States. As president, he issued a Proclamation of Neutrality and

More information

The South feared that the North would take control of Congress, and Southerners began to proclaim states rights as a means of self-protection.

The South feared that the North would take control of Congress, and Southerners began to proclaim states rights as a means of self-protection. U.S. History to 1865 Study Guide HISTORY AND SOCIAL SCIENCE STANDARDS OF LEARNING CURRICULUM FRAMEWORK 2008 (NEW) Reformatted version created by SOLpass www.solpass.org STANDARD USI.9A ISSUES DIVIDING

More information

The Cherokees vs. Andrew Jackson

The Cherokees vs. Andrew Jackson The Cherokees vs. Andrew Jackson John Ross and Major Ridge tried diplomatic and legal strategies to maintain autonomy, but the new president had other plans John Ross, left, and Major Ridge teamed up to

More information

Eight times between 1805 and 1833 the state of Georgia held lotteries to distribute land given up or stolen from the Creek and Cherokee Indians.

Eight times between 1805 and 1833 the state of Georgia held lotteries to distribute land given up or stolen from the Creek and Cherokee Indians. Eight times between 1805 and 1833 the state of Georgia held lotteries to distribute land given up or stolen from the Creek and Cherokee Indians. These lotteries were unique to Georgia; no other state used

More information

pres dec Name: Class: Date: Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

pres dec Name: Class: Date: Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Name: Class: _ Date: _ pres dec Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Alexander Hamilton stood for a flexible reading of the Constitution, but

More information

Excerpts from the Trail of Tears Diary

Excerpts from the Trail of Tears Diary Name: Class: Excerpts from the Trail of Tears Diary The Trail of Tears is the name given to the forced relocation of Native American nations following the Indian Removal Act of 1830. The removal included

More information

Standard 2 Moving West!

Standard 2 Moving West! Standard 2 Moving West! The student will demonstrate an understanding of how economic developments and the westward movement impacted regional differences and democracy in the early nineteenth century

More information

2d Session 109 239 TRAIL OF TEARS NATIONAL HISTORIC TRAIL. Filed, under authority of the Senate of April 7, 2006

2d Session 109 239 TRAIL OF TEARS NATIONAL HISTORIC TRAIL. Filed, under authority of the Senate of April 7, 2006 109TH CONGRESS Calendar No. 401 REPORT " SENATE! 2d Session 109 239 TRAIL OF TEARS NATIONAL HISTORIC TRAIL APRIL 20, 2006. Ordered to be printed Filed, under authority of the Senate of April 7, 2006 Mr.

More information

THE FORMING OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

THE FORMING OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA THE FORMING OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA INTRODUCTION The population of the US grew quickly in the 100 years after the American Revolution. Cities and farms in the northeast continued to grow and expand,

More information

Test Pilot Submission Confirmation

Test Pilot Submission Confirmation Test: US History Chapter 9 Test Date: 12/10/2010 Time: 20:36:40 America/New_York User: sarverr IP: 184.88.59.210 Test Pilot Submission Confirmation Thank you for your submission! E-Mail notification to

More information

Trails and Interstates: Pathways toward Progress?

Trails and Interstates: Pathways toward Progress? Trails and Interstates: Pathways toward Progress? Author: Amy Perkins, MGA Lakeshore High School Lesson Overview: This lesson uses contemporary examples to understand the historical consequences of land

More information

Cherokee Women and Education

Cherokee Women and Education Cherokee Women and Education Before 1877 By Laura Page European Treatment of Cherokee Women In the early 16th Century Native American women were treated with high respect and held positions of authority

More information

Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians Title IV- B, Subparts 1&2 2010-2014 Final Report

Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians Title IV- B, Subparts 1&2 2010-2014 Final Report Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians Title IV- B, Subparts 1&2 2010-2014 Final Report Submitted By: Barbara Jones 1 Eastern Band of Cherokee Public Health and Human Services 2 Background Information The Eastern

More information

Lesson 1: Trouble over Taxes

Lesson 1: Trouble over Taxes Lesson 1 Summary Lesson 1: Trouble over Taxes Use with pages 268 273. Vocabulary Parliament Britain s law-making assembly Stamp Act law that placed a tax on printed materials in the colonies repeal cancel

More information

America Revolution. Battles

America Revolution. Battles America Revolution Battles Paul Revere s Ride American Patriots Paul Revere and two other riders were dispatched and gave warning to towns around Lexington and Concord, Massachusetts to form militias that

More information

In 1934, the New Deal reinforced the idea that the federal government would care for dependent Native Americans with the Indian Reorganization Act.

In 1934, the New Deal reinforced the idea that the federal government would care for dependent Native Americans with the Indian Reorganization Act. Native Americans Native Americans have experienced discrimination at the hands of European settlers during the colonial era and the white majority in the United States for over four hundred years. In that

More information

Civics (History and Government) Questions for the Naturalization Test

Civics (History and Government) Questions for the Naturalization Test (rev. 03/11) Civics (History and Government) Questions for the Naturalization Test The 100 civics (history and government) questions and answers for the naturalization test are listed below. The civics

More information

Causes of the American Revolution

Causes of the American Revolution Causes of the American Revolution SWBAT Explain the causes of the American Revolution Do Now The Townshend Act fixed taxes on which item: A.Tea B. Glass C. Lead D.All of the Above The Albany Conference

More information

The presidency of Thomas Jefferson shapes the U.S. government. The Louisiana Purchase and the War of 1812 strongly affect the nation.

The presidency of Thomas Jefferson shapes the U.S. government. The Louisiana Purchase and the War of 1812 strongly affect the nation. SLIDE 1 Chapter 10 The Jefferson Era, 1800-1816 The presidency of Thomas Jefferson shapes the U.S. government. The Louisiana Purchase and the War of 1812 strongly affect the nation. SLIDE 2 Section 1:

More information

Words to Know before You Go!

Words to Know before You Go! Words to Know before You Go! American Revolution Neutral Patriot Loyalist Traitor Conspiracy Petticoat Rebel Betray Fun Facts John Jay was the eighth of ten children. Today King s College, the school where

More information

Copyright 2014 Edmentum - All rights reserved.

Copyright 2014 Edmentum - All rights reserved. Copyright 2014 Edmentum - All rights reserved. AP US History Blizzard Bag 2014-2015 Era of American Revolution 1. Lord Cornwallis did which of the following? A. He organized French assistance. B. He commanded

More information

Indian Removal. TAHPDX: Teaching American History Project 2009. Beth Cookler Veronica Dolby Gabor Muskat Ilana Rembelinsky Mario Sanchez

Indian Removal. TAHPDX: Teaching American History Project 2009. Beth Cookler Veronica Dolby Gabor Muskat Ilana Rembelinsky Mario Sanchez Indian Removal TAHPDX: Teaching American History Project 2009 Beth Cookler Veronica Dolby Gabor Muskat Ilana Rembelinsky Mario Sanchez http://www.upa.pdx.edu/ims/currentprojects/tahv3/curricula.html Table

More information

The Battle of the Little Bighorn Lesson Plan. Central Historical Questions: Who was responsible for the Battle of Little Bighorn?

The Battle of the Little Bighorn Lesson Plan. Central Historical Questions: Who was responsible for the Battle of Little Bighorn? The Battle of the Little Bighorn Lesson Plan Central Historical Questions: Who was responsible for the? Materials: Copies of Textbook Excerpt Copies of Documents A and B Copies of Guiding Questions Plan

More information

Chapter 15, Section 5. Turning the tide of the War

Chapter 15, Section 5. Turning the tide of the War Chapter 15, Section 5 Turning the tide of the War Battles General Battles Result Ambrose Burnside Fredericksburg (C/S) The Union suffered 13,000 losses Joseph Hooker Chancellorsville (C/S) Union force

More information

Chapter 13, Section 4: The Mexican War

Chapter 13, Section 4: The Mexican War Chapter 13, Section 4: The Mexican War In this section we will: explain how the United States gained Oregon & Texas Name the new lands the United States acquired as a result of the Mexican War. Describe

More information

How appealing is the idea of packing up all of your belongings and moving to a new area?

How appealing is the idea of packing up all of your belongings and moving to a new area? How appealing is the idea of packing up all of your belongings and moving to a new area? A. Very appealing B. Somewhat appealing C. Somewhat unappealing D. Very unappealing A. A B. B C. C D. D Chapter

More information

U.S. Voting Rights Timeline

U.S. Voting Rights Timeline 1776 Only people who own land can vote Declaration of Independence signed. Right to vote during the Colonial and Revolutionary periods is restricted to property owners most of whom are white male Protestants

More information

The American Revolution

The American Revolution Main Idea The American Revolution Enlightenment ideas led to revolution, independence, and a new government for the United States. Content Statement 6/Learning Goal Describe how Enlightenment thinkers

More information

CHAPTER-LEVEL ACTIVITIES: What Do You Know? KWL Chart... 2 Vocabulary Builder Activity... 2 Hands-On Chapter Project: Toward Civil War...

CHAPTER-LEVEL ACTIVITIES: What Do You Know? KWL Chart... 2 Vocabulary Builder Activity... 2 Hands-On Chapter Project: Toward Civil War... Table of Contents CHAPTER-LEVEL ACTIVITIES: What Do You Know? KWL Chart... 2 Vocabulary Builder Activity... 2 Hands-On Chapter Project: Toward Civil War... 2 LESSON-LEVEL ACTIVITIES: Guided Reading: Lesson

More information

Goals Students will be able to: NYS Common Core Standards. C3 Inquiry Arc. Summary Questions

Goals Students will be able to: NYS Common Core Standards. C3 Inquiry Arc. Summary Questions Goals Students will be able to: NYS Common Core Standards C3 Inquiry Arc Materials Procedure Summary Questions Setting the Scene: The French and Indian War: Stations Activity Mrs. Vasilevsky 7 th Grade

More information

Chapter 6 Major Battles of the Texas Revolution

Chapter 6 Major Battles of the Texas Revolution Chapter 6 Major Battles of the Texas Revolution Lesson1: The Battle of Gonzalez Lesson 2: The Battle of the Alamo Lesson 3: The Battle of San Jacinto Lesson 1: Revolution Begins Pages 170-176 Reasons

More information

One of the most difficult problems that

One of the most difficult problems that Understanding Tribal Sovereignty: The Native American Rights Fund By John E. Echohawk One of the most difficult problems that Native Americans face is the lack of public knowledge about Native American

More information

South Carolinians in the Revolution

South Carolinians in the Revolution Historical Background The perspectives and roles of different South Carolinians during the American Revolution led to a civil war within South Carolina and ultimately impacted the success of the Patriot

More information

The Age of Jefferson. Topic: Ch. 6

The Age of Jefferson. Topic: Ch. 6 Topic: Ch. 6 Main Idea Election of 1800 Aaron Burr Laissez-faire John Marshall Mississippi River Fletcher v. Peck Louisiana Territory Louisiana Purchase The Age of Jefferson Details/Notes In this election,

More information

EXAMPLE: "Reading Passages" from: EDU108 - "Alamo Chocolate Pot" Art InHistory's Lesson Plans all feature thematic reading passages which contain

EXAMPLE: Reading Passages from: EDU108 - Alamo Chocolate Pot Art InHistory's Lesson Plans all feature thematic reading passages which contain EXAMPLE: "Reading Passages" from: EDU108 - "Alamo Chocolate Pot" Art InHistory's Lesson Plans all feature thematic reading passages which contain content on the time period, key people, historical events,

More information

Three men worked late into the night. They read and reread,

Three men worked late into the night. They read and reread, By Michael A. Signal Three men worked late into the night. They read and reread, Did you know that during the American Revolution the American flag had only 13 stars to represent the 13 colonies? the men

More information

17) What are the two parts of the United States Congress? The Senate and the House of Representatives. 18) How many United States Senators are there?

17) What are the two parts of the United States Congress? The Senate and the House of Representatives. 18) How many United States Senators are there? FreeCitizenshipTest.Org Name 100 Citizenship Questions The following is a list of the official 100 questions and answers used on the new U.S. citizenship test. Principles of American Democracy: 1) What

More information

Chapter 3 The English Colonies

Chapter 3 The English Colonies Chapter 3 The English Colonies Section Notes The Southern Colonies The New England Colonies The Middle Colonies Life in the English Colonies Conflict in the Colonies History Close-up Plymouth Colony Quick

More information

THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION

THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION American Strengths and Weaknesses Patriotism Help from French George Washington Small army and short of soldiers Few trained for battle Army plagued by shortage of guns, gunpowder,

More information

GEORGIA AMERICAN REVOLUTION

GEORGIA AMERICAN REVOLUTION GEORGIA in the AMERICAN REVOLUTION AMERICA HEADS TOWARD INDEPENDENCE: Until 1763, independence was unthinkable!!! Great Britain was the greatest, most powerful nation on earth, and the American colonists

More information

Chapter 2 Democracy in the colonies

Chapter 2 Democracy in the colonies Chapter 2 Democracy in the colonies Learning Objectives Explain how self-government got its start in the colonies Explain the purpose of the Mayflower Compact. Describe the ways the Pilgrims practiced

More information

T he caravan was ready to

T he caravan was ready to http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/118trail/118trail.htm The Trail of Tears and the Forced Relocation of the Cherokee Nation T he caravan was ready to move out. The wagons were lined up. The

More information

MINNESOTA CIVICS TEST

MINNESOTA CIVICS TEST MINNESOTA CIVICS TEST The following 50 questions which serve as the Minnesota's civics test were selected from the 100 questions used for the naturalization test administered by U.S. Citizenship and Immigration

More information

CLE On-Demand. View and record the Secret Words. Print this form and write down all the secret Words during the program:

CLE On-Demand. View and record the Secret Words. Print this form and write down all the secret Words during the program: 21 Winthrop Road Lawrenceville, N.J. 08648 (609) 895-0046 (609) 895-1899 Fax www.gardenstatecle.com atty2starz@aol.com CLE On-Demand View and record the Secret Words Print this form and write down all

More information

17. WHO BECOMES PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES IF THE PRESIDENT SHOULD DIE? 22. HOW MANY CHANGES OR AMENDMENTS ARE THERE TO THE CONSTITUTION?

17. WHO BECOMES PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES IF THE PRESIDENT SHOULD DIE? 22. HOW MANY CHANGES OR AMENDMENTS ARE THERE TO THE CONSTITUTION? DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE Immigration & Naturalization Service 100 Typical Questions 1. WHAT ARE THE COLORS OF OUR FLAG? 2. HOW MANY STARS ARE THERE IN OUR FLAG? 3. WHAT COLOR ARE THE STARS ON OUR FLAG? 4.

More information

Research Proposal. Most Americans are familiar with a hegemonic account of American history emphasizing

Research Proposal. Most Americans are familiar with a hegemonic account of American history emphasizing 1 Research Proposal Most Americans are familiar with a hegemonic account of American history emphasizing the wisdom of the founding fathers, the heroic struggle for independence, freedom, justice for all,

More information

Westward Expansion Test

Westward Expansion Test Westward Expansion Test 1. Name four famous pioneers of the Westward Expansion. (4) 2. Daniel Boone was an early pioneer of what state? (1) 3. What were the names of the road Daniel Boone forged and his

More information

Important Historical Events of the Colonial Period

Important Historical Events of the Colonial Period Important Historical Events of the Colonial Period 1607 Jamestown, the first permanent English settlement in America, is established by the London Company in southeast Virginia. Jamestown 1619 1620 The

More information

Grade 4: Module 3B: Unit 1: Lesson 3 Explaining What Happened and Why: Rereading Revolutionary War

Grade 4: Module 3B: Unit 1: Lesson 3 Explaining What Happened and Why: Rereading Revolutionary War Grade 4: Module 3B: Unit 1: Lesson 3 Explaining What Happened and Why: Rereading Revolutionary War This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

More information

Trail of Tears. That the people included in the Trail of Tears move were not just Native Americans, but also African Americans as well.

Trail of Tears. That the people included in the Trail of Tears move were not just Native Americans, but also African Americans as well. Trail of Tears Big Ideas of the Lesson To familiarize the 8 th grade students with the Native American relocation called the Trail of Tears. Lesson Abstract: (summary of main points) Standard 9. Understands

More information

The 13 American Colonies Part 1: Coming to America

The 13 American Colonies  Part 1: Coming to America The 13 American Colonies Name: http://www.socialstudiesforkids.com/articles/ushistory/13colonies3.htm Part 1: Coming to America The first colonies in North America were along the eastern coast. Settlers

More information

Unit 2: Creating a Nation. U. S. History from 1750 to 1796.

Unit 2: Creating a Nation. U. S. History from 1750 to 1796. Unit 2: Creating a Nation U. S. History from 1750 to 1796. The French vs. English imperial competition for the Ohio river Valley resulted in series of wars that culminated in The French and Indian War

More information

A Conflict Between Nations: The U.S. Indian Removal Act and the Cherokee Nation

A Conflict Between Nations: The U.S. Indian Removal Act and the Cherokee Nation TEACHER GUIDE A Conflict Between Nations: The U.S. Indian Removal Act and the Cherokee Nation Lesson Question How did the Cherokee Nation argue against U.S. Indian removal policies? Lesson Task: In this

More information

I. The Italian Peninsula shares much of its weather with. a. Surrounded by water from the, and. b. North is blocked by. Italy is divided in half by

I. The Italian Peninsula shares much of its weather with. a. Surrounded by water from the, and. b. North is blocked by. Italy is divided in half by Ancient Rome Geography I. The Italian Peninsula shares much of its weather with Like Greece, Italy is a a. Surrounded by water from the, and b. North is blocked by I Italy is divided in half by IV. Area

More information

Image: Manifest Destiny

Image: Manifest Destiny Page 14 Image: Manifest Destiny 1. List any people you see. 2. List any animals you see. 3. List any other objects you see. 4. Describe the lighting of the image. Directions: Answer each question by looking

More information

Chapter 7 Georgia and the Cherokees

Chapter 7 Georgia and the Cherokees Page 34 Chapter 7 Georgia and the Cherokees When Europeans began settling North America, they faced the perplexing dilemma of how to treat the land's original inhabitants. With varying degrees of success,

More information

Social Studies Grade 5

Social Studies Grade 5 Social Studies Grade 5 UNIT 1: Colonial America Geography Students will use geographic concepts and processes to examine the role of culture, technology, and the environment in the location and distribution

More information

the Native American Indians. Crockett served as a scout and a hunter for the army.

the Native American Indians. Crockett served as a scout and a hunter for the army. www.k5learning.com Objective sight words (motto, scout, politician, legislature, autobiography, narrative, Bowie knife, folk hero, feud, incident, pneumonia, confined); concepts (the destiny of three influential

More information

TITLE OF LESSON PLAN: Journey of the Cherokee Nation

TITLE OF LESSON PLAN: Journey of the Cherokee Nation TITLE OF LESSON PLAN: Journey of the Cherokee Nation CREATED BY: Sonia Melian LENGTH OF LESSON: 1-2 days GRADE LEVEL: 8-12 OBJECTIVES: Students will be able to evaluate the Indian Removal Act and the Trail

More information

Social Studies. Grade Level: 5. American History. Standard 1: Historical Inquiry and Analysis (SS.5.A.1)

Social Studies. Grade Level: 5. American History. Standard 1: Historical Inquiry and Analysis (SS.5.A.1) Social Studies Grade Level: 5 American History Standard 1: Historical Inquiry and Analysis (SS.5.A.1) Benchmark: 1. Use primary and secondary sources to understand history. (SS.5.A.1.1) Benchmark: 2. Utilize

More information

National Historic Trail Feasibility Study Amendment and Environmental Assessment

National Historic Trail Feasibility Study Amendment and Environmental Assessment National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior National Trails System Intermountain Region National Historic Trail Feasibility Study Amendment and Environmental Assessment November 2007 TRAIL OF

More information

Read 266 270 Copy down below graphic organizer and list 3 significant powers added to the Judicial Branch. Marbury V.

Read 266 270 Copy down below graphic organizer and list 3 significant powers added to the Judicial Branch. Marbury V. Jefferson Charts a New Course CREATE A TWO COLUMN *Jefferson s first goal limit the federal gov t s power over states and citizens. *Jefferson thought the federal gov t under Washington and Adams had become

More information

Settling the Middle [or Restoration ] Colonies

Settling the Middle [or Restoration ] Colonies THE MIDDLE COLONIES New York Settling the Middle [or Restoration ] Colonies Old Netherlanders at New Netherlands 1600s Golden Age of Dutch history. Major commercial and naval power. Challenging England

More information

Chapter 3: European Exploration and Colonization

Chapter 3: European Exploration and Colonization Chapter 3: European Exploration and Colonization Trade Route to Asia in the 1400s European Trade With Asia Traders - people who get wealth by buying items from a group of people at a low price and selling

More information

771 South Lawrence Street, Suite 106 Montgomery, AL 36130 (334) 242-2831 (334) 240-3408 Fax www.aiac.alabama.gov aiac@att.net

771 South Lawrence Street, Suite 106 Montgomery, AL 36130 (334) 242-2831 (334) 240-3408 Fax www.aiac.alabama.gov aiac@att.net AGENDA Present Day Alabama Indian Affairs Health Issues within the Tribes 771 South Lawrence Street, Suite 106 Montgomery, AL 36130 (334) 242-2831 (334) 240-3408 Fax www.aiac.alabama.gov aiac@att.net Myths

More information

Cherokee Removal: The Trail of Tears and the Loss of Freedom

Cherokee Removal: The Trail of Tears and the Loss of Freedom TEACHER S LESSON PLAN 30 NEW YORK STATE SOCIAL STUDIES CORE CURRICULUM, GRADE 11: UNITED STATES AND NEW YORK STATE HISTORY UNIT TWO Constitutional Foundations For The United States Democratic Republic

More information

Study Island. Generation Date: 04/03/2014 Generated By: Cheryl Shelton Title: Grade 8 History

Study Island. Generation Date: 04/03/2014 Generated By: Cheryl Shelton Title: Grade 8 History Study Island Copyright 2014 Edmentum - All rights reserved. Generation Date: 04/03/2014 Generated By: Cheryl Shelton Title: Grade 8 History 1. According to the timeline, which of these happened first?

More information

Decision Making: Hamilton s Economic Policies Part 1: The Debt PROBLEM

Decision Making: Hamilton s Economic Policies Part 1: The Debt PROBLEM Decision Making: Hamilton s Economic Policies Part 1: The Debt PROBLEM The year is 1790, and George Washington has been President under the new national government, The Constitution, for about a year.

More information

Section 1: Washington Heads the New Government President Washington transforms the ideas of the Constitution into a real government.

Section 1: Washington Heads the New Government President Washington transforms the ideas of the Constitution into a real government. Chapter 6: Launching the New Nation George Washington becomes the first president. President Thomas Jefferson doubles U.S. territory with the Louisiana Purchase. The U.S. fights the British in the War

More information

CARDS Removal -Cherokee' Schools Cherokee Nation Farming Cherokee Nation Civil War Cherokee Nation Oil Springs ' Hotels Cherokee Nation

CARDS Removal -Cherokee' Schools Cherokee Nation Farming Cherokee Nation Civil War Cherokee Nation Oil Springs ' Hotels Cherokee Nation PAYKK, MART INTERVIEW. 71 CARDS Removal -Cherokee' Schools Cherokee Nation Farming Cherokee Nation Civil War Cherokee Nation Oil Springs ' Hotels Cherokee Nation Miss Ella Robinson,, - Research Field Worker,

More information

Westward Expansion & Native Americans

Westward Expansion & Native Americans Westward Expansion & Native Americans Jeffrey P. Shepherd Associate Professor Department of History University of Texas at El Paso jpshepherd@utep.edu http://faculty.utep.edu/jpshepherd Main Learning Objectives

More information

Trail Tree Newsletter October 2014

Trail Tree Newsletter October 2014 Trail Tree Newsletter October 2014 This is the Volume 26 of the Quarterly Trail Tree Project Newsletter. We hope the number of topics in this newsletter will be of interest to you. If you want us to report

More information

A Fair Policy for Native Americans Express Your Opinion

A Fair Policy for Native Americans Express Your Opinion At the end of the American Civil War, the United States was poised for more growth and development. As U.S. citizens and European and Asian immigrants built cities and settled farms and ranches in the

More information

civil war hall of fame

civil war hall of fame Name Date civil war hall of fame LESSONS 3 6 General Winfield Scott Brigadier General Irvin McDowell Brigadier General Joseph Johnston Stonewall Jackson 3 3 3 3 George McClellan General Albert Sidney Johnston

More information

PRESERVATION OVER PROFITS: THE CONFLICTING INTERESTS OF HICKORY GROUND AND EXPLORING OPTIONS FOR PRESERVING THE SACRED PARCEL

PRESERVATION OVER PROFITS: THE CONFLICTING INTERESTS OF HICKORY GROUND AND EXPLORING OPTIONS FOR PRESERVING THE SACRED PARCEL PRESERVATION OVER PROFITS: THE CONFLICTING INTERESTS OF HICKORY GROUND AND EXPLORING OPTIONS FOR PRESERVING THE SACRED PARCEL Ashley Ray INTRODUCTION During the summer of 2012, the Poarch Band of Creek

More information