Napoleonic France, Napoleon Bonaparte as a young Officer

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1 Napoleonic France, Napoleon Bonaparte as a young Officer 1

2 2

3 1796 Napoleon crossed the Alps & drove the Austrians out of Northern Italy. He then turned N. Italy into the Cisalpine Republic and integrated the French political model. 3

4 Napoleon Crossing the Alps in 1800 Jacques Louis David 4

5 Napoleon Bonaparte I ve got FANCY PANTS, FANCY PANTS, FANCY PANTS! My stomach itches too. 5

6 1798 Napol. Invaded Egypt to drive the British fleet out of the Mediterranean, cut off British access to India, and damage British trade. Napoleon was defeated by British Admiral Horatio Nelson. 6

7 British Admiral Horatio Nelson 7

8 In 1798, the Second Coalition (Russia, Austria, Ottoman Empire, and Britain) against France was created!! 8

9 The Rosetta Stone Jean Francois Champollion 9

10 Coup d etat of Brumaire (November),

11 Accomplishments of The Consulate, : 1. Temporary peace with other countries, *** The Concordat of *** The Napoleonic Code (Civil, Civil Procedure, Criminal Procedure, Commercial, Penal) 4. Reforms of Law and Administration 11

12 Concordat of 1801 a Napoleon wanted to heal the divisions within the Catholic Church that had developed after the confiscation of Church property and the Civil Constitution of the Clergy. a But, Napoleon s clear intent was to use the clergy to prop up his regime. 12

13 Lycee System of Education a a a Established by Napoleon in 1801 as an educational reform. Lycées initially enrolled the nation s most talented students [they had to pay tuition, although there was some financial help available for poorer student]. Lycées trained the nation s future bureaucrats. 13

14 Here I am! Save me, save me! 24 December 1800 Assassination Attempt on Napoleon 14

15 Napoleon as Emperor on his Imperial Throne,

16 Consecration of the Emperor Napoleon & the Empress Josephine, 1806 by David December 2,

17 Napoleon s Throne 17

18 Haitian Independence, Toussaint L Ouverture 18

19 Louisiana Purchase, 1803 $15,000,000 19

20 Napoleon s Major Military 1805: Campaigns France Sea Power Britain Trafalgar (Lord Nelson: Fr. Navy lost!) 20

21 21

22 Battle of Austerlitz 22

23 23

24 Europe in

25 Napoleonic Europe Napoleonic Europe 25

26 26

27 27

28 1807 Battle of Friedland 28

29 Napoleon and Tsar Alexander I meeting on a raft in the middle of the Niemen River after the Russians were defeated in the Battle of Friedland. Defeated Prussian King Frederick William III paced nervously on the river bank! 29

30 30

31 Tsar Alexander I of Russia EMPEROR OF THE EAST 31

32 The Continental System 32

33 Peninsular Campaign: : France 1810 Continental System Spain Portugal e Portugal did not comply with the Continental System. e France wanted Spain s support to invade Portugal. e Spain refused, so Napoleon invaded Spain as well! 33

34 The Spanish Ulcer a a a a a Napoleon tricked the Spanish king and prince to come to France, where he imprisoned them. He proclaimed his brother, Joseph, to be the new king of Spain. He stationed over 100,000 Fr troops in Madrid. On May 2, 1808 [Dos de Mayo] the Spanish rose up in rebellion. Fr troops fired on the crowd in Madrid the next day [Tres 34 de Mayo].

35 Third of May, 1808 by Goya (1810) 35

36 Spanish Colonies in Latin America at the time of Latin American Revolts of Independence (1808) 36

37 37

38 Charles Maurice de Talleyrand, French Foreign Minister 38

39 First Wife, Josephine 39

40 Empress Josephine 40

41 Marie Louise (of Austria) married Napoleon on March 12, 1810 in Vienna 41

42 Marie Louise (of Austria) with Napoleon s Son (Napoleon Francis Joseph Charles: ) 42

43 Failure of the Continental System 43

44 The Big Blunder Russia a a The retreat from Spain came on the heels of Napoleon s disastrous Russian Campaign ( ). In July, 1812 Napoleon led his Grand Armee of 614,000 men eastward across central Europe and into Russia. The Russians avoided a direct confrontation with Napoleon. They retreated to Moscow, drawing the French into the interior of Russia [hoping that it s size and the weather would act as support for the Russian cause]. The Russian nobles abandoned their estates and burned their crops to the ground, leaving the French to operate far from their supply bases in territory stripped of food. 44

45 45

46 Napoleon s Troops at the Gates of Moscow a a September 14, 1812 Napoleon reached Moscow, but the city had largely been abandoned. The Russians had set fire to the city. 46

47 Moscow Is On Fire! 47

48 Napoleon s March to Moscow Histor. Document 48

49 49

50 Napoleon s Retreat from Moscow 50

51 51

52 Battle of Waterloo 52

53 Napoleon Abdicates! e Allied forces occupied Paris on March 31, e Napoléon abdicated on April 6 in favor of his son, but the Allies insisted on unconditional surrender. e Napoléon abdicated again on April 11. e Treaty of Fontainbleau exiles Napoléon to Elba with an annual income of 2,000,000 francs. e The royalists took control and restored Louis XVIII to the throne. 53

54 Napoleon in Exile on Elba 54

55 Louis XVIII (r ) 55

56 56

57 The War of the 7 th Coalition 1815: France Napoleon s 100 Days Britain, Russia. Prussia, Austria, Sweden, smaller German states e Napoléon escaped Elba and landed in France on March 1, 1815 the beginning of his 100 Days. e Marie Louise & his son were in the hands of the Austrians. 57

58 Napoleon s Defeat at Waterloo (June 18, 1815) Duke of Wellington Prussian General Blücher 58

59 59

60 Napoleon on His Way to His Final Exile on St. Helena 60

61 Napoleon s Residence on St. Helena 61

62 Napoleon s Tomb Hotel de las Invalides, Paris 62

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