3. addition of the elastic clause to the. 4. start of the first political parties

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1 1 of 5 2/8/2012 4:49 PM Name: The major role of political parties in the United States is to meet constitutional requirements nominate candidates and conduct political campaigns continue a tradition that began during the colonial period ensure that candidates for public office are honest and law abiding Conflicts between Jeffersonians and Hamiltonians during President George Washington s first administration led directly to the end of the Era of Good Feelings decision to replace the Articles of Confederation addition of the elastic clause to the Constitution start of the first political parties In the United States, national political parties began to form in the decade after the adoption of the Federal Constitution mainly as a response to the desire to continue the British tradition of a two-party system constitutional requirement for a two-party political system differences that arose over political and economic issues problems created by westward expansion In the United States during the 1780's, the Federalists were most likely to support continued loyalty to the British Government establishment of a weak national government strengthening of States rights ratification of the United States Constitution 5. Repaying the national debt, creating a national bank, and passing a whiskey tax were economic policies favored by Thomas Jefferson Benjamin Franklin Alexander Hamilton Andrew Jackson 6. Which statement best summarizes the views of Thomas Jefferson? Only the wealthy should be allowed to serve in government. The nation needs a powerful central government if it is to survive. Government is best when it governs least. The United States needs a large military.

2 2 of 5 2/8/2012 4:49 PM 7. Thomas Jefferson favored a political system in which 8. Political power should be held by the states over the national government Urban centers held the most power The armed forces ruled over the people The central government held the most power Federalists believed that government should be controlled by 9. Farmers Industrial workers The educated and wealthier classes Indentured servants Jeffersonian Republicans believed the "ideal citizens" of a republic were Town artisans Slaves Independent farmers Clergymen 1 Which view of the power of the Federal Government is most consistent with the philosophy of Alexander Hamilton and his supporters? 1 The government which governs least governs best The government may exercise only those powers specifically given to it by the governed The government should give up most of its authority to the states The government may exercise all powers necessary and proper to meet its responsibilities I know of no safe depository of the ultimate power of society but the people themselves; and if we think them not enlightened enough to exercise their control with a wholesome discretion, the remedy is not to take it from them, but to inform their discretion by education. Thomas Jefferson In this quotation, Thomas Jefferson expressed the idea that democracy functions properly when 10. Alexander Hamilton believed that a major role of the Federal Government was to establish and control public schools support and encourage business and industry promote the superiority of the agrarian way of life limit its activities by allowing the states to make important national decisions only one group in society has ultimate powers the common people are under the control of the best educated people the government determines who exercises power the people are educated to carry out their duties as citizens

3 3 of 5 2/8/2012 4:49 PM 1 All communities divide themselves into the few and the many. The first are the rich and well born, the other the mass of the people....the people are turbulent and changing.... Give therefore to the first class a distinct permanent share in the government. They will check the unsteadiness of the second. Alexander Hamilton The author of this quotation suggests that 1 the will of the majority should guide public policy wealthy people are too preoccupied to rule well the common people cannot be trusted to run a stable government poorer people must work harder to gain access to economic and political power Which statement best reflects the political philosophy of Alexander Hamilton regarding the power of a federal government? The government which governs least governs best. The central government should cede most of its authority to the local governments. The government may exercise all powers necessary and proper to meet its responsibilities. The executive branch may exercise only those powers specifically given to it by the Supreme Court. 15. Most historians consider Alexander Hamilton to have been a successful Secretary of the Treasury because he 16. expanded trade with all nations established a sound financial plan for the new nation eliminated tariffs between the states opposed payment of previous federal government debts As Secretary of the Treasury, Alexander Hamilton was most noted for 17. devising a plan to pay off the nation s debts beginning a system to tax exports arranging necessary loans from European nations raising revenue from the sale of western lands Alexander Hamilton s financial plan helped to establish the credit of the United States government by providing for the payment of the nation s debts taxing only the people most able to pay favoring agriculture over industry encouraging spending for national defense

4 4 of 5 2/8/2012 4:49 PM 18. One factor that led to the formation of the first two political parties in the United States in the 1790s was the conflict over the 19. distribution of power between the federal and state governments spread of slavery into the western territories control of interstate commerce acquisition of lands from France and Spain Which proposal was included in Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton s financial plans in the 1790s? 2 One goal of Alexander Hamilton s financial plan was the establishment of a stock exchange federal income tax national sales tax national bank 2 Which action did Alexander Hamilton support during the 1790s? restrictions on trade with England distribution of free land creation of the national bank elimination of the whiskey tax incentives to encourage agricultural expansion creation of a national bank direct taxes on the states to support government operations free trade with other nations 20. Thomas Jefferson opposed Alexander Hamilton s plan to create a national bank primarily because the plan would weaken the nation s currency increase the national debt promote the interests of farmers depend on a loose interpretation of the Constitution

5 5 of 5 2/8/2012 4:49 PM Answer Key for political parties

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