Name: Class: Global Studies Date: Mr. Wallace. The Enlightenment & The American Revolution Test Review

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1 Name: Class: Global Studies Date: Mr Wallace The Enlightenment & The American Revolution Test Review 1) The United States "founding fathers" were not influenced by the ideas of Enlightenment thinkers 2) Thomas Hobbes and John Locker shared the same views concerning human nature and the role of government 3) Mary Wollstonecraft called for the equal education for boys and girls 4) Salons were a type of gathering place where writers, artists, philosophes, and others exchanged ideas 5) To protect what they called the "old order," most government and church authorities practiced censorship, restricting access to ideas and information 6) Frederick the Great openly criticized Voltaire's work and ideas 7) Operas originated in Naples, Italy, in the seventeenth century 8) Britian controlled the slave trade in Spanish America in the 1700s, which brings massive wealth to British merchants

2 9) The American victory at the Battle of Saratoga, convinced the French to join the Americans against the British during the American Revolution 10) The Treaty of Ultrect ended the American Revolution in ) f Salon 12) i Thomas Jefferson 13) a Diderot 14) b George III 15) d Baroque 16) c Montesquieu 17) j Rococo 18) h George Washington 19) e Adam Smith 20) g Popular Sovereignty a) helped spread Enlightenment ideas by compiling articles by leading thinkers into a 28 -volume work b) his government made policies that helped bring about the American Revolution c) proposed the idea of separation of powers in government d) grand, ornate style of art and architecture popular during the age of Louis XIV e) argued that the forces of supply and demand in a free market can regulate business activity f) informal social gathering where Enlightenment thinkers exchanged ideas g) principle that all government power comes from the people h) chosen to command the American forces during the American Revolution i) principal author of the Declaration of Independence j) light and delicate artistic style popular during the reign of Louis XV 21) In A Vindication of the Rights of Woman, Mary Wollstonecraft argued that women and men should have equal a) property rights b) education c) voting rights d) employment opportunities 22) Physiocrats supported a government policy of a) laissez faire b) tariffs c) mercantilism d) trade regulation

3 23) Enlightenment writers often faced censorship because they a) wrote fiction b) challenged the old order c) supported traditional ideas d) wrote in salons 24) An enlightened despot was a ruler who a) influenced political and social change b) gave up absolute power c) allowed limited voting rights d) wrote satire to expose corruption 25) Which enlightened despot traveled among the peasants in disguise to learn about their problems? a) Catherine the Great b) Maria Theresa c) Frederick the Great d) Joseph II 26) Because the American colonies were home to diverse reglious and ethnic groups, a) the colonists tended to support British taxes b) the colonists tended to support British royalty c) social distinctions were more blurred than in Europe d) the colonists did not feel entitled to the rights of English citizens 27) Britain passed the Navigation Acts to a) support free trade in the colonies b) encourage world exploration c) crack down on smugglers d) regulate colonial trade and manufacturing 28) The Battle of Saratoga marked a turning point in the American Revolution because a) it was the first American defeat in the war b) the American victory convinced France to support the Revolution c) it caused the British to sign the Treaty of Paris d) the French fleet helped the Americans triumph 29) American leaders gathered in Philadelphia in 1787 to revise a) the Magna Carta b) the Bill of Rights c) the Articles of Confederation d) the Declaration of Independence 30) Enlightenment thinkers were influenced by the idea of natural law that emerged from the a) Reformation b) Glorious Revolution c) Scientific Revolution d) Renaissance

4 31) According to Thomas Hobbes, the best form of government is a) a federal republic b) a democracy c) a theocracy d) an absolute monarchy 32) The system of checks and balances in the United States Constitution was influenced by the ideas of which Enlightenment thinker? a) Montesquieu b) Voltaire c) Rousseau d) Diderot 33) Diderot's Encyclopedia was important because it a) compiled classical Greek and Roman works b) spread Enlightenment ideas c) was the first publication printed with moveable type d) was the first publication to include articles by women 34) Economist Adam Smith argued that, in a free market, business activity would be regulated by the forces of a) wages and prices b) saving and investment c) supply and demand d) manufacturing and trade 35) What Enlightenment thinker argued that the purpose of government is to safeguard the natural rights of the people? a) Thomas Hobbes b) Voltaire c) René Descartes d) John Locke 36) Enlightenment writers sometimes tried to avoid censorship by a) writing in Latin b) disguising their ideas as fiction c) putting false covers on their books d) supporting a strict class system 37) Elegant compositions by Handel, Haydn, and Mozart reflected a new musical style of the Enlightenment known as a) classical b) baroque c) folk d) romantic 38) In the 1700s, British merchants gained enormous wealth by dominating what type of trade with Spanish America? a) tea b) molasses c) cotton d) slaves

5 39) Which of the following British laws imposed taxes on such items as newspapers and pamphlets in the American colonies? a) Stamp Act b) Navigation Act c) Declaratory Act d) Sugar Act 40) The idea of separation of powers in the Constitution was borrowed from Enlightenment thinker a) Voltaire b) Locke c) Rousseau d) Montesquieu

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