B. the same as that of the lead ball C. less than that of the lead ball D. 9.8 m/s 2 E. zero since it floats in a vacuum

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1 ENGPHY1 QUIZ 2 Force Laws of Motion Circular Motion Other Applications of Newton's Laws MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. Acceleration is always in the direction: A. of the displacement B. of the initial velocity C. of the final velocity D. of the net force E. opposite to the frictional force 2. The term mass refers to the same physical concept as: A. weight B. inertia C. force D. acceleration E. volume 3. The inertia of a body tends to cause the body to: A. speed up B. slow down C. resist any change in its motion D. fall toward Earth E. decelerate due to friction 4. The mass and weight of a body: A. differ by a factor of 9.8 B. are identical C. are the same physical quantities expressed in different units D. are both a direct measure of the inertia of the body E. have the same ratio as that of any other body placed at that location 5. When a certain force is applied to the standard kilogram its acceleration is 5.0 m/s 2. When the same force is applied to another object its acceleration is one-fifth as much. The mass of the object is: A. 0.2 kg B. 0.5 kg C. 1.0 kg D. 5.0 kg E. 10 kg 6. A feather and a lead ball are dropped from rest in vacuum on the Moon. The acceleration of the feather is: A. more than that of the lead ball B. the same as that of the lead ball C. less than that of the lead ball D. 9.8 m/s 2 E. zero since it floats in a vacuum 7. Two forces, one with a magnitude of 3 N and the other with a magnitude of 5 N, are applied to an object. For which orientations of the forces shown in the diagrams is the magnitude of the acceleration of the object the least? 8. A car travels east at constant velocity. The net force on the car is: A. east B. west C. up D. down E. zero 9. A constant force of 8.0 N is exerted for 4.0 s on a 16-kg object initially at rest. The change in speed of this object will be: A. 0.5 m/s B. 2 m/s C. 4 m/s D. 8 m/s E. 32 m/s 10. An object rests on a horizontal frictionless surface. A horizontal force of magnitude F is applied. This force produces an acceleration: A. only if F is larger than the weight of the object B. only while the object suddenly changes from rest to motion C. always D. only if the inertia of the object decreases E. only if F is increasing 11. A ball with a weight of 1.5 N is thrown at an angle of 30 above the horizontal with an initial speed of 12 m/s. At its highest point, the net force on the ball is: A. 9.8 N, 30 below horizontal B. zero C. 9.8 N, up D. 9.8 N, down

2 E. 1.5 N, down 12. Assume the objects in the following diagrams have equal mass and the strings holding them in place are identical. In which case would the string be most likely to break? E. the block on Earth 17. Two blocks are connected by a string and pulley as shown. Assuming that the string and pulley are massless, the magnitude of the acceleration of each block is: D. All would be equally likely to break 13. A ball of mass m is suspended from two strings of ` unequal length as shown above. The magnitudes of the tensions T 1 and T 2 in the strings must satisfy which of the following relations? A. T l = T 2 B. T l > T 2 C. T l < T 2 D. T l + T 2 = mg E. T l - T 2 = mg 14. A 70.0-kg man stands on a bathroom scale in an elevator ascending at 3.00 m/s 2. What does the scale read? A. 686 N B. 476 N C. 896 N D. 343 N E. 448 N 15. The reaction force does not cancel the action force because: A. the action force is greater than the reaction force B. they are on different bodies C. they are in the same direction D. the reaction force exists only after the action force is removed A. the reaction force is greater than the action force 16. A lead block is suspended from your hand by a string. The reaction to the force of gravity on the block is the force exerted by: A. the string on the block B. the block on the string C. the string on the hand D. the hand on the string A m/s 2 B m/s 2 C m/s 2 D m/s 2 E m/s A massless rope passes over a massless pulley suspended from the ceiling. A 4-kg block is attached to one end and a 5-kg block is attached to the other end. The acceleration of the 5-kg block is: A. g/4 B. 5g/9 C. 4g/9 D. g/5 E. g/9 19. Three books (X, Y, and Z) rest on a table. The weight of each book is indicated. The force of book Z on book Y is: A. 0 B. 5 N C. 9 N D. 14 N E. 19 N 20. Two blocks (A and B) are in contact on a horizontal frictionless surface. A 36-N constant force is applied to A as shown. The magnitude of the force of A on B is: A. 1.5N B. 6.0N C. 29 N D. 30 N E. 36 N

3 21. Two people are pulling on the ends of a rope. Each person pulls with a force of 100 N. The tension in the rope is: A. 0 N B. 50 N C. 100 N D. 200 N E. 300 N 22. A brick slides on a horizontal surface. Which of the following will increase the magnitude of the frictional force on it? A. Putting a second brick on top B. Decreasing the surface area of contact C. Increasing the surface area of contact D. Decreasing the mass of the brick E. None of the above 23. When the brakes of an automobile are applied, the road exerts the greatest retarding force: A. while the wheels are sliding B. just before the wheels start to slide C. when the automobile is going fastest D. when the acceleration is least E. at the instant when the speed begins to change 24. A 40 N crate rests on a rough horizontal floor. A 12 N horizontal force is then applied to it. If the coefficients of friction are µs = 0.5 and µk = 0.4, the magnitude of the frictional force on the crate is: A. 8 N B. 12 N C. 16 N D. 20 N E. 40 N 25. A 40 N crate rests on a rough horizontal floor. A 24 N horizontal force is then applied to it. If the coefficients of friction are µ s = 0.5 and µ k = 0.4, the magnitude of the frictional force on the crate is: A. 8 N B. 12 N C. 16 N D. 20 N E. 400 N 26. A 60 N block initially at rest is pushed against a wall by a 100 N force. The coefficients of friction are µ s = 0.5 and µ k = 0.3. What is true of the friction acting on the block after a time of 1 second? A. Static friction acts upward on the block. B. Kinetic friction acts upward on the block C. Kinetic friction acts downward on the block. D. Static friction acts downward on the block. 27. A boy pulls a wooden box along a rough horizontal floor at constant speed by means of a force P as shown. In the diagram f is the magnitude of the force of friction, N is the magnitude of the normal force, and F g is the magnitude of the force of gravity. Which of the following must be true? A. P = f and N = Fg B. P = f and N > Fg C. P > f and N < Fg D. P > f and N = Fg E. none of these 28. A block of mass m is pulled at constant velocity along a rough horizontal floor by an applied force T as shown. The magnitude of the frictional force is: A. T cos θ B. T sin θ C. zero D. mg E. mg cos θ 29. Uniform circular motion is the direct consequence of: A. Newton s third law B. a force that is always tangent to the path C. an acceleration tangent to the path D. a force of constant magnitude that is always directed away from the same fixed point E. a force of constant magnitude that is always directed toward the same fixed point 30. An object moving in a circle at constant speed: A. must have only one force acting on it B. is not accelerating C. is held to its path by centrifugal force D. has an acceleration of constant magnitude E. has an acceleration that is tangent to the circle 31. An object moves in a circle. If the mass is tripled, the speed halved, and the radius unchanged, then the magnitude of the centripetal force must be multiplied by a factor of:

4 A. 3/2 B. 3/4 C. 9/4 D. 6 E One end of a 1.0-m long string is fixed, the other end is attached to a 2.0-kg stone. The stone swings in a vertical circle, passing the bottom point at 4.0 m/s. The tension force of the string at this point is about: A. 0 B. 12 N C. 20 N D. 32 N E. 52 N 33. At what angle should the roadway on a curve with a 50 m radius be banked to allow cars to negotiate the curve at 12 m/s even if the roadway is icy (and the frictional force is zero)? A. 0 B. 16 C. 18 D. 35 E A mass m moves on a curved path from point X to point Y. Which of the following diagrams indicates a possible combination of the net force F on the mass, and the velocity v and acceleration a of the mass at the location shown? A. clockwise at 30 m/s B. clockwise at 10 m/s C. counterclockwise at 30 m/s D. counterclockwise at 10 m/s PROBLEM SOLVING 1. An object of mass m=0.500 kg is suspended from the ceiling of an accelerating truck. Taking a=3.00 m/s 2, find (a) the angle θ that the string makes with the vertical (b) the tension T in the string. 2. Block A weighs 1.90 N, and block B weighs 4.20 N. The coefficient of kinetic friction between all surfaces is Find the magnitude of the horizontal force necessary to drag block B to the left at constant speed if A and B are connected by a light, flexible cord passing around a fixed, frictionless pulley. 3. Two blocks connected by a cord passing over a small, frictionless pulley rest on frictionless planes. 35. A racing car is moving around the circular track of radius 300 meters shown above. At the instant when the car's velocity is directed due east, its acceleration is directed due south and has a magnitude of 3 meters per second squared. When viewed from above, the car is moving (a) Which way will the system move when the blocks are released from rest? (b) What is the acceleration of the blocks? (c) What is the tension in the cord?

5 ANSWER KEY (including explanations to selected problems) 1. D 2. B 3. C 4. E 5. D F = ma 6. B 7. A F net is the smallest for A. 8. E Constant v = no a 9. B F = ma v f = at 10. C 11. E F net = F g 12. B 13. C T 2 is more vertical so it needs to counteract a larger part of mg. 14. C 15. B 16. E 17. E 18. E 19. C F Z on Y = F Y on Z = W Y + W X 20. D 21. C

6 22. A 23. B Friction is greatest just before the object slips. 24. B f s > F app it doesn t move F app f s = C f s < F app it moves f k = µ k mg 26. C F N = Fcosθ = 50 N The maximum value of static friction is then µ s F N = 25 N F y = Fsinθ W = 87 N 60 N > 25 N Since the net force on the block is greater than static friction can hold, the block will begin moving up the wall, and kinetic friction is opposite the direction of the motion. 27. A 28. A 29. E 30. D 31. B 32. E 33. B 34. D 35. A

7 Study hard! God Bless!

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