Unit 4 Practice Test: Rotational Motion


 Clement Wilkinson
 7 years ago
 Views:
Transcription
1 Unit 4 Practice Test: Rotational Motion Multiple Guess Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. How would an angle in radians be converted to an angle in degrees? a. The angle in radians would be multiplied by 180 /π. b. The angle in radians would be multiplied by 360 /π. c. The angle in radians would be multiplied by 180 /2π. d. The angle in radians would be multiplied by 2π/ How would you convert an angle in degrees to an angle in radians? a. multiply the angle measured in degrees by 2π/180 b. multiply the angle measured in degrees by 2π/360 c. multiply the angle measured in degrees by π/360 d. multiply the angle measured in degrees by 2πr 3. A child sits on a carousel at a distance of 3.5 m from the center and rotates through an arc length of 6.5 m. What is the angular displacement of the child? a. 1.9 rad c. 3.0 rad b rad d. 5.0 rad 4. A bucket on the circumference of a water wheel travels an arc length of 18 m. If the radius of the wheel is 4.1 m, what is the angular displacement of the bucket? a. 1.0 rad c. 3.7 rad b. 4.4 rad d. 2.3 rad 5. What is the approximate angular speed of a wheel rotating at the rate of 5.0 rev/s? a. 3.2 rad/s c. 16 rad/s b. 1.6 rad/s d. 31 rad/s 6. A potter's wheel moves from rest to an angular speed of 0.54 rad/s in 30.0 s. What is the angular acceleration of the wheel? a. 16 rad/s 2 c rad/s 2 b. 1.3 rad/s 2 d rad/s 2 7. A record player is turned on and reaches an angular velocity of 4.7 rad/s in 1.37 s. What is the average angular acceleration of the record? a. 3.4 rad/s 2 c. 6.4 rad/s 2 b. 4.3 rad/s 2 d rad/s 2 8. A bicycle wheel rotates with a constant angular acceleration of 3.0 rad/s 2. If the initial angular speed of the wheel is 1.5 rad/s, what is the angular displacement of the wheel after 4.0 s? a. 6.0 rad c rad b. 24 rad d. 36 rad 9. A ball rolls downhill with an angular speed of 2.5 rad/s and has a constant angular acceleration of 2.0 rad/s 2. If the ball takes 11.5 s to reach the bottom of the hill, what is the final angular speed of the ball? a. 13 rad c. 33 rad/s b. 31 rad/s d rad/s 10. The end of the cord on a weed cutter is 0.15 m in length. If the motor rotates at the rate of 126 rad/s, what is the tangential speed of the cord? a. 628 m/s c. 19 m/s b. 25 m/s d. 63 m/s 11. A cylinder with a diameter of m rotates in a lathe at a constant angular speed of 35.6 rad/s. What is the tangential speed of the surface of the cylinder? a m/s c m/s b m/s d m/s
2 12. A flywheel with a radius of 0.30 m starts from rest and accelerates with a constant angular acceleration of 0.50 rad/s 2. What is the tangential acceleration of the flywheel? a m/s 2 c m/s 2 b m/s 2 d m/s A contestant in a game show spins a stationary wheel with a radius of 0.50 m so that it has a constant angular acceleration of 0.40 rad/s 2. What is the tangential acceleration of a point on the edge of the wheel? a m/s 2 c. 1.3 m/s 2 b m/s 2 d m/s A point on the rim of a rotating wheel with a 0.37 m radius has a centripetal acceleration of 19.0 m/s 2. What is the angular speed of the wheel? a m/s c. 3.2 rad/s b. 1.6 rad/s d. 7.2 rad/s 15. A roller coaster loaded with passengers has a mass of kg; the radius of curvature of the track at the lowest point of the track is 24 m. If the vehicle has a tangential speed of 18 m/s at this point, what force is exerted on the vehicle by the track? a N c N b N d N 16. What is the gravitational force between two trucks, each with a mass of kg, that are 2.0 m apart? (G = N m 2 /kg 2 ) a N c N b N d N 17. The gravitational force between two masses is 36 N. What is the gravitational force if the distance between them is tripled? (G = N m 2 /kg 2 ) a. 4.0 N c. 18 N b. 9.0 N d. 27 N 18. Which of the following quantities measures the ability of a force to rotate or accelerate an object around an axis? a. axis of rotation c. moment arm b. lever arm d. torque 19. Which of the following statements is correct? a. The farther the force is from the axis of rotation, the more torque is produced. b. The closer the force is to the axis of rotation, the more torque is produced. c. The closer the force is to the axis of rotation, the easier it is to rotate the object. d. The farther the force is from the axis of rotation, the less torque is produced. 20. A heavy bankvault door is opened by the application of a force of N directed perpendicular to the plane of the door at a distance of 0.80 m from the hinges. What is the torque? a. 120 N m c. 300 N m b. 240 N m d. 360 N m 21. Suppose a doorknob is placed at the center of a door. Compared with a door whose knob is located at the edge, what amount of force must be applied to this door to produce the torque exerted on the other door? a. onehalf as much c. onefourth as much b. two times as much d. four times as much
3 22. At which point in the figure above is the approximate center of mass? a. A c. C b. B d. D 23. At which point on the hammer above is the approximate center of mass? a. A c. C b. B d. D 24. Which of the following statements is correct? a. The farther the center of mass of an object is from the axis of rotation, the less difficult it is to rotate the object. b. The farther the center of mass of an object is from the axis of rotation, the smaller the object s moment of inertia is. c. The farther the center of mass of an object is from the axis of rotation, the greater the object s moment of inertia is. d. The farther the center of mass of an object is from the axis of rotation, the greater the object s moment of inertia is, but the less difficult it is to rotate the object. 25. The dependence of equilibrium on the absence of net torque is a. the first condition of equilibrium. c. rotational equilibrium. b. the second condition of equilibrium. d. translational equilibrium. 26. A child with a weight of N sits on a seesaw 0.60 m from the axis of rotation. How far from the axis of rotation on the other side should a child with a weight of N sit so the seesaw will remain balanced? a m c m b m d m 27. According to Newton s second law, the angular acceleration experienced by an object is directly proportional to which of the following? a. the object s moment of inertia c. the size of the object b. the net applied torque d. the mass of the object 28. Which of the following statements is correct? a. With a net positive torque, the angular acceleration of an object is clockwise. b. With a net positive torque, the angular acceleration of an object is counterclockwise. c. With a net negative torque, the angular acceleration of an object is counterclockwise. d. The net force of an object is not related to the translational acceleration given to the object.
4 29. Which of the following represents Newton s second law for rotating objects? a. net torque = moment of inertia angular acceleration b. net torque = moment of inertia angular acceleration c. force = mass acceleration d. force = mass acceleration 30. A figure skater with arms drawn in spins on the ice at a rate of 5.0 rad/s and has a moment of inertia of kg m 2. What is the angular momentum of the skater? a. 2.5 kg m 2 /s c. 9.4 kg m 2 /s b. 3.8 kg m 2 /s d. 12 kg m 2 /s 31. The moment of inertia of a cylinder is kg m 2. If the angular speed is 15.7 rad/s, what is the angular momentum of the cylinder? a kg m 2 /s c kg m 2 /s b kg m 2 /s d kg m 2 /s 32. A bowling ball has a mass of 7.0 kg, a moment of inertia of kg m 2, and a radius of 0.10 m. If it rolls down the lane without slipping at a linear speed of 4.0 m/s, what is its total kinetic energy? a. 45 J c. 11 J b. 32 J d. 78 J Short Answer 33. Is there an outward force in circular motion? 34. A ball is whirled in a horizontal circular path on the end of a string. Predict the path of the ball when the string breaks, and explain your answer. 35. A parent holds a child by the arms and spins around in a circle at a constant speed. If the parent spins fast enough, will the child's feet leave the ground? Explain your answer. 36. What is the main difference between mass and moment of inertia? 37. Define the second condition of equilibrium. 38. How can an object be in both rotational and translational equilibrium? 39. Describe Newton s second law of rotation. 40. Explain how the operation of a simple machine alters the applied force and the distance moved. Problem #41 on back
5 Problem 41. A 4.0 m board with a mass of 19 kg is pivoted at its center of gravity. A helium balloon attached 0.23 m from the left end of the board produces an upward force of 7.0 N. A 3.5 kg book is placed 0.73 m from the left end of the board, and another book of 1.3 kg is placed 0.75 m from the right end of the board. Find the torque on the board and the direction of rotation.
6 Unit 4 Practice Test: Rotational Motion Answer Section MULTIPLE GUESS SHORT ANSWER PROBLEM 1. A 17. A 2. B 18. D 3. A 19. A 4. B 20. B 5. D 21. B 6. C 22. A 7. A 23. D 8. C 24. C 9. D 25. B 10. C 26. C 11. B 27. B 12. B 28. B 13. A 29. A 14. D 30. C 15. D 31. A 16. C 32. D 33. No, there is only an inward force causing a deviation from a straightline path. 34. Inertia causes the ball to move in a straight path tangent to the circle. 35. As the angular velocity increases, the parent s arms must exert a larger and larger force, F, because the horizontal component of this force, F h, is the centripetal force and this force F c = mrω 2. However, if F increases so does its vertical component. When F is large enough so that its vertical component is equal to the weight of the child, the child s feet leave the ground. 36. Mass resists changes in translational motion, and moment of inertia resists changes in rotational motion. 37. The second condition of equilibrium is the dependence of equilibrium on the absence of net torque. 38. There must be zero net force and zero net torque. 39. Net torque is equal to an object s moment of inertia multiplied by its angular acceleration. 40. A machine can increase or decrease the force acting on an object at the expense or gain of the distance moved N m counterclockwise
Chapter 10 Rotational Motion. Copyright 2009 Pearson Education, Inc.
Chapter 10 Rotational Motion Angular Quantities Units of Chapter 10 Vector Nature of Angular Quantities Constant Angular Acceleration Torque Rotational Dynamics; Torque and Rotational Inertia Solving Problems
More informationChapter 8: Rotational Motion of Solid Objects
Chapter 8: Rotational Motion of Solid Objects 1. An isolated object is initially spinning at a constant speed. Then, although no external forces act upon it, its rotational speed increases. This must be
More informationLinear Motion vs. Rotational Motion
Linear Motion vs. Rotational Motion Linear motion involves an object moving from one point to another in a straight line. Rotational motion involves an object rotating about an axis. Examples include a
More informationLecture Presentation Chapter 7 Rotational Motion
Lecture Presentation Chapter 7 Rotational Motion Suggested Videos for Chapter 7 Prelecture Videos Describing Rotational Motion Moment of Inertia and Center of Gravity Newton s Second Law for Rotation Class
More informationCenter of Gravity. We touched on this briefly in chapter 7! x 2
Center of Gravity We touched on this briefly in chapter 7! x 1 x 2 cm m 1 m 2 This was for what is known as discrete objects. Discrete refers to the fact that the two objects separated and individual.
More information3600 s 1 h. 24 h 1 day. 1 day
Week 7 homework IMPORTANT NOTE ABOUT WEBASSIGN: In the WebAssign versions of these problems, various details have been changed, so that the answers will come out differently. The method to find the solution
More informationChapter 3.8 & 6 Solutions
Chapter 3.8 & 6 Solutions P3.37. Prepare: We are asked to find period, speed and acceleration. Period and frequency are inverses according to Equation 3.26. To find speed we need to know the distance traveled
More informationPHY231 Section 2, Form A March 22, 2012. 1. Which one of the following statements concerning kinetic energy is true?
1. Which one of the following statements concerning kinetic energy is true? A) Kinetic energy can be measured in watts. B) Kinetic energy is always equal to the potential energy. C) Kinetic energy is always
More informationPHY231 Section 1, Form B March 22, 2012
1. A car enters a horizontal, curved roadbed of radius 50 m. The coefficient of static friction between the tires and the roadbed is 0.20. What is the maximum speed with which the car can safely negotiate
More information11. Rotation Translational Motion: Rotational Motion:
11. Rotation Translational Motion: Motion of the center of mass of an object from one position to another. All the motion discussed so far belongs to this category, except uniform circular motion. Rotational
More informationPHY121 #8 Midterm I 3.06.2013
PHY11 #8 Midterm I 3.06.013 AP Physics Newton s Laws AP Exam Multiple Choice Questions #1 #4 1. When the frictionless system shown above is accelerated by an applied force of magnitude F, the tension
More informationPHYS 1014M, Fall 2005 Exam #3. MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.
PHYS 1014M, Fall 2005 Exam #3 Name MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) A bicycle wheel rotates uniformly through 2.0 revolutions in
More informationChapter 11. h = 5m. = mgh + 1 2 mv 2 + 1 2 Iω 2. E f. = E i. v = 4 3 g(h h) = 4 3 9.8m / s2 (8m 5m) = 6.26m / s. ω = v r = 6.
Chapter 11 11.7 A solid cylinder of radius 10cm and mass 1kg starts from rest and rolls without slipping a distance of 6m down a house roof that is inclined at 30 degrees (a) What is the angular speed
More informationPhysics 201 Homework 8
Physics 201 Homework 8 Feb 27, 2013 1. A ceiling fan is turned on and a net torque of 1.8 Nm is applied to the blades. 8.2 rad/s 2 The blades have a total moment of inertia of 0.22 kgm 2. What is the
More informationAP Physics Circular Motion Practice Test B,B,B,A,D,D,C,B,D,B,E,E,E, 14. 6.6m/s, 0.4 N, 1.5 m, 6.3m/s, 15. 12.9 m/s, 22.9 m/s
AP Physics Circular Motion Practice Test B,B,B,A,D,D,C,B,D,B,E,E,E, 14. 6.6m/s, 0.4 N, 1.5 m, 6.3m/s, 15. 12.9 m/s, 22.9 m/s Answer the multiple choice questions (2 Points Each) on this sheet with capital
More informationAngular acceleration α
Angular Acceleration Angular acceleration α measures how rapidly the angular velocity is changing: Slide 70 Linear and Circular Motion Compared Slide 7 Linear and Circular Kinematics Compared Slide 7
More informationSOLID MECHANICS DYNAMICS TUTORIAL MOMENT OF INERTIA. This work covers elements of the following syllabi.
SOLID MECHANICS DYNAMICS TUTOIAL MOMENT OF INETIA This work covers elements of the following syllabi. Parts of the Engineering Council Graduate Diploma Exam D5 Dynamics of Mechanical Systems Parts of the
More informationPhysics 2A, Sec B00: Mechanics  Winter 2011 Instructor: B. Grinstein Final Exam
Physics 2A, Sec B00: Mechanics  Winter 2011 Instructor: B. Grinstein Final Exam INSTRUCTIONS: Use a pencil #2 to fill your scantron. Write your code number and bubble it in under "EXAM NUMBER;" an entry
More informationSolution Derivations for Capa #11
Solution Derivations for Capa #11 1) A horizontal circular platform (M = 128.1 kg, r = 3.11 m) rotates about a frictionless vertical axle. A student (m = 68.3 kg) walks slowly from the rim of the platform
More informationPractice Exam Three Solutions
MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY Department of Physics Physics 8.01T Fall Term 2004 Practice Exam Three Solutions Problem 1a) (5 points) Collisions and Center of Mass Reference Frame In the lab frame,
More informationPHYSICS 111 HOMEWORK SOLUTION #9. April 5, 2013
PHYSICS 111 HOMEWORK SOLUTION #9 April 5, 2013 0.1 A potter s wheel moves uniformly from rest to an angular speed of 0.16 rev/s in 33 s. Find its angular acceleration in radians per second per second.
More informationPHYSICS 111 HOMEWORK SOLUTION #10. April 8, 2013
PHYSICS HOMEWORK SOLUTION #0 April 8, 203 0. Find the net torque on the wheel in the figure below about the axle through O, taking a = 6.0 cm and b = 30.0 cm. A torque that s produced by a force can be
More informationTorque and Rotation. Physics
Torque and Rotation Physics Torque Force is the action that creates changes in linear motion. For rotational motion, the same force can cause very different results. A torque is an action that causes objects
More informationMidterm Solutions. mvr = ω f (I wheel + I bullet ) = ω f 2 MR2 + mr 2 ) ω f = v R. 1 + M 2m
Midterm Solutions I) A bullet of mass m moving at horizontal velocity v strikes and sticks to the rim of a wheel a solid disc) of mass M, radius R, anchored at its center but free to rotate i) Which of
More informationCentripetal Force. This result is independent of the size of r. A full circle has 2π rad, and 360 deg = 2π rad.
Centripetal Force 1 Introduction In classical mechanics, the dynamics of a point particle are described by Newton s 2nd law, F = m a, where F is the net force, m is the mass, and a is the acceleration.
More informationTennessee State University
Tennessee State University Dept. of Physics & Mathematics PHYS 2010 CF SU 2009 Name 30% Time is 2 hours. Cheating will give you an Fgrade. Other instructions will be given in the Hall. MULTIPLE CHOICE.
More informationWind Turbines. Wind Turbines 2. Wind Turbines 4. Wind Turbines 3. Wind Turbines 5. Wind Turbines 6
Wind Turbines 1 Wind Turbines 2 Introductory Question Wind Turbines You and a child half your height lean out over the edge of a pool at the same angle. If you both let go simultaneously, who will tip
More informationRotation: Moment of Inertia and Torque
Rotation: Moment of Inertia and Torque Every time we push a door open or tighten a bolt using a wrench, we apply a force that results in a rotational motion about a fixed axis. Through experience we learn
More informationHW Set VI page 1 of 9 PHYSICS 1401 (1) homework solutions
HW Set VI page 1 of 9 1030 A 10 g bullet moving directly upward at 1000 m/s strikes and passes through the center of mass of a 5.0 kg block initially at rest (Fig. 1033 ). The bullet emerges from the
More informationPHYS 211 FINAL FALL 2004 Form A
1. Two boys with masses of 40 kg and 60 kg are holding onto either end of a 10 m long massless pole which is initially at rest and floating in still water. They pull themselves along the pole toward each
More informationLecture 16. Newton s Second Law for Rotation. Moment of Inertia. Angular momentum. Cutnell+Johnson: 9.4, 9.6
Lecture 16 Newton s Second Law for Rotation Moment of Inertia Angular momentum Cutnell+Johnson: 9.4, 9.6 Newton s Second Law for Rotation Newton s second law says how a net force causes an acceleration.
More informationLecture 17. Last time we saw that the rotational analog of Newton s 2nd Law is
Lecture 17 Rotational Dynamics Rotational Kinetic Energy Stress and Strain and Springs Cutnell+Johnson: 9.49.6, 10.110.2 Rotational Dynamics (some more) Last time we saw that the rotational analog of
More informationF N A) 330 N 0.31 B) 310 N 0.33 C) 250 N 0.27 D) 290 N 0.30 E) 370 N 0.26
Physics 23 Exam 2 Spring 2010 Dr. Alward Page 1 1. A 250N force is directed horizontally as shown to push a 29kg box up an inclined plane at a constant speed. Determine the magnitude of the normal force,
More informationChapter 5 Using Newton s Laws: Friction, Circular Motion, Drag Forces. Copyright 2009 Pearson Education, Inc.
Chapter 5 Using Newton s Laws: Friction, Circular Motion, Drag Forces Units of Chapter 5 Applications of Newton s Laws Involving Friction Uniform Circular Motion Kinematics Dynamics of Uniform Circular
More informationPhysics 160 Biomechanics. Angular Kinematics
Physics 160 Biomechanics Angular Kinematics Questions to think about Why do batters slide their hands up the handle of the bat to lay down a bunt but not to drive the ball? Why might an athletic trainer
More informationProblem Set 1. Ans: a = 1.74 m/s 2, t = 4.80 s
Problem Set 1 1.1 A bicyclist starts from rest and after traveling along a straight path a distance of 20 m reaches a speed of 30 km/h. Determine her constant acceleration. How long does it take her to
More informationPhysics 125 Practice Exam #3 Chapters 67 Professor Siegel
Physics 125 Practice Exam #3 Chapters 67 Professor Siegel Name: Lab Day: 1. A concrete block is pulled 7.0 m across a frictionless surface by means of a rope. The tension in the rope is 40 N; and the
More informationTIME OF COMPLETION NAME SOLUTION DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL SCIENCES. PHYS 1111, Exam 3 Section 1 Version 1 December 6, 2005 Total Weight: 100 points
TIME OF COMPLETION NAME SOLUTION DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL SCIENCES PHYS 1111, Exam 3 Section 1 Version 1 December 6, 2005 Total Weight: 100 points 1. Check your examination for completeness prior to starting.
More informationPhysics 1401  Exam 2 Chapter 5NNew
Physics 1401  Exam 2 Chapter 5NNew 2. The second hand on a watch has a length of 4.50 mm and makes one revolution in 60.00 s. What is the speed of the end of the second hand as it moves in uniform circular
More informationC B A T 3 T 2 T 1. 1. What is the magnitude of the force T 1? A) 37.5 N B) 75.0 N C) 113 N D) 157 N E) 192 N
Three boxes are connected by massless strings and are resting on a frictionless table. Each box has a mass of 15 kg, and the tension T 1 in the right string is accelerating the boxes to the right at a
More informationPhysics 1A Lecture 10C
Physics 1A Lecture 10C "If you neglect to recharge a battery, it dies. And if you run full speed ahead without stopping for water, you lose momentum to finish the race. Oprah Winfrey Static Equilibrium
More informationChapter 6 Circular Motion
Chapter 6 Circular Motion 6.1 Introduction... 1 6.2 Cylindrical Coordinate System... 2 6.2.1 Unit Vectors... 3 6.2.2 Infinitesimal Line, Area, and Volume Elements in Cylindrical Coordinates... 4 Example
More informationCHAPTER 6 WORK AND ENERGY
CHAPTER 6 WORK AND ENERGY CONCEPTUAL QUESTIONS. REASONING AND SOLUTION The work done by F in moving the box through a displacement s is W = ( F cos 0 ) s= Fs. The work done by F is W = ( F cos θ). s From
More informationEXPERIMENT: MOMENT OF INERTIA
OBJECTIVES EXPERIMENT: MOMENT OF INERTIA to familiarize yourself with the concept of moment of inertia, I, which plays the same role in the description of the rotation of a rigid body as mass plays in
More informationPHYS 117 Exam I. Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
PHYS 117 Exam I Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Car A travels from milepost 343 to milepost 349 in 5 minutes. Car B travels
More informationMagnetism. d. gives the direction of the force on a charge moving in a magnetic field. b. results in negative charges moving. clockwise.
Magnetism 1. An electron which moves with a speed of 3.0 10 4 m/s parallel to a uniform magnetic field of 0.40 T experiences a force of what magnitude? (e = 1.6 10 19 C) a. 4.8 10 14 N c. 2.2 10 24 N b.
More informationLab 8: Ballistic Pendulum
Lab 8: Ballistic Pendulum Equipment: Ballistic pendulum apparatus, 2 meter ruler, 30 cm ruler, blank paper, carbon paper, masking tape, scale. Caution In this experiment a steel ball is projected horizontally
More information226 Chapter 15: OSCILLATIONS
Chapter 15: OSCILLATIONS 1. In simple harmonic motion, the restoring force must be proportional to the: A. amplitude B. frequency C. velocity D. displacement E. displacement squared 2. An oscillatory motion
More informationTorque and Rotary Motion
Torque and Rotary Motion Name Partner Introduction Motion in a circle is a straightforward extension of linear motion. According to the textbook, all you have to do is replace displacement, velocity,
More informationG U I D E T O A P P L I E D O R B I T A L M E C H A N I C S F O R K E R B A L S P A C E P R O G R A M
G U I D E T O A P P L I E D O R B I T A L M E C H A N I C S F O R K E R B A L S P A C E P R O G R A M CONTENTS Foreword... 2 Forces... 3 Circular Orbits... 8 Energy... 10 Angular Momentum... 13 FOREWORD
More informationcircular motion & gravitation physics 111N
circular motion & gravitation physics 111N uniform circular motion an object moving around a circle at a constant rate must have an acceleration always perpendicular to the velocity (else the speed would
More informationPhysics 11 Assignment KEY Dynamics Chapters 4 & 5
Physics Assignment KEY Dynamics Chapters 4 & 5 ote: for all dynamics problemsolving questions, draw appropriate free body diagrams and use the aforementioned problemsolving method.. Define the following
More informationENGINEERING COUNCIL DYNAMICS OF MECHANICAL SYSTEMS D225 TUTORIAL 1 LINEAR AND ANGULAR DISPLACEMENT, VELOCITY AND ACCELERATION
ENGINEERING COUNCIL DYNAMICS OF MECHANICAL SYSTEMS D225 TUTORIAL 1 LINEAR AND ANGULAR DISPLACEMENT, VELOCITY AND ACCELERATION This tutorial covers prerequisite material and should be skipped if you are
More informationLab 7: Rotational Motion
Lab 7: Rotational Motion Equipment: DataStudio, rotary motion sensor mounted on 80 cm rod and heavy duty bench clamp (PASCO ME9472), string with loop at one end and small white bead at the other end (125
More informationChapter 5: Circular Motion, the Planets, and Gravity
Chapter 5: Circular Motion, the Planets, and Gravity 1. Earth s gravity attracts a person with a force of 120 lbs. The force with which the Earth is attracted towards the person is A. Zero. B. Small but
More informationSOLID MECHANICS TUTORIAL MECHANISMS KINEMATICS  VELOCITY AND ACCELERATION DIAGRAMS
SOLID MECHANICS TUTORIAL MECHANISMS KINEMATICS  VELOCITY AND ACCELERATION DIAGRAMS This work covers elements of the syllabus for the Engineering Council exams C105 Mechanical and Structural Engineering
More informationAP Physics  Chapter 8 Practice Test
AP Physics  Chapter 8 Practice Test Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. A single conservative force F x = (6.0x 12) N (x is in m) acts on
More informationRotational Inertia Demonstrator
WWW.ARBORSCI.COM Rotational Inertia Demonstrator P33545 BACKGROUND: The Rotational Inertia Demonstrator provides an engaging way to investigate many of the principles of angular motion and is intended
More informationName: Partners: Period: Coaster Option: 1. In the space below, make a sketch of your roller coaster.
1. In the space below, make a sketch of your roller coaster. 2. On your sketch, label different areas of acceleration. Put a next to an area of negative acceleration, a + next to an area of positive acceleration,
More information9. The kinetic energy of the moving object is (1) 5 J (3) 15 J (2) 10 J (4) 50 J
1. If the kinetic energy of an object is 16 joules when its speed is 4.0 meters per second, then the mass of the objects is (1) 0.5 kg (3) 8.0 kg (2) 2.0 kg (4) 19.6 kg Base your answers to questions 9
More informationSection 6.1 Angle Measure
Section 6.1 Angle Measure An angle AOB consists of two rays R 1 and R 2 with a common vertex O (see the Figures below. We often interpret an angle as a rotation of the ray R 1 onto R 2. In this case, R
More informationTORQUE AND FIRSTCLASS LEVERS
TORQUE AND FIRSTCLASS LEVERS LAB MECH 28.COMP From Physics, Eugene Hecht and Physical Science with Computers, Vernier Software & Technology INTRODUCTION In Figure 1, note force F acting on a wrench along
More information3 Work, Power and Energy
3 Work, Power and Energy At the end of this section you should be able to: a. describe potential energy as energy due to position and derive potential energy as mgh b. describe kinetic energy as energy
More informationDynamics of Rotational Motion
Chapter 10 Dynamics of Rotational Motion PowerPoint Lectures for University Physics, Twelfth Edition Hugh D. Young and Roger A. Freedman Lectures by James Pazun Modified by P. Lam 5_31_2012 Goals for Chapter
More informationColumbia University Department of Physics QUALIFYING EXAMINATION
Columbia University Department of Physics QUALIFYING EXAMINATION Monday, January 13, 2014 1:00PM to 3:00PM Classical Physics Section 1. Classical Mechanics Two hours are permitted for the completion of
More informationBHS Freshman Physics Review. Chapter 2 Linear Motion Physics is the oldest science (astronomy) and the foundation for every other science.
BHS Freshman Physics Review Chapter 2 Linear Motion Physics is the oldest science (astronomy) and the foundation for every other science. Galileo (15641642): 1 st true scientist and 1 st person to use
More informationChapter 11 Equilibrium
11.1 The First Condition of Equilibrium The first condition of equilibrium deals with the forces that cause possible translations of a body. The simplest way to define the translational equilibrium of
More informationWork, Energy and Power Practice Test 1
Name: ate: 1. How much work is required to lift a 2kilogram mass to a height of 10 meters?. 5 joules. 20 joules. 100 joules. 200 joules 5. ar and car of equal mass travel up a hill. ar moves up the hill
More information8.012 Physics I: Classical Mechanics Fall 2008
MIT OpenCourseWare http://ocw.mit.edu 8.012 Physics I: Classical Mechanics Fall 2008 For information about citing these materials or our Terms of Use, visit: http://ocw.mit.edu/terms. MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE
More informationPh\sics 2210 Fall 2012  Novcmbcr 21 David Ailion
Ph\sics 2210 Fall 2012  Novcmbcr 21 David Ailion Unid: Discussion T A: Bryant Justin Will Yuan 1 Place answers in box provided for each question. Specify units for each answer. Circle correct answer(s)
More informationwww.mathsbox.org.uk Displacement (x) Velocity (v) Acceleration (a) x = f(t) differentiate v = dx Acceleration Velocity (v) Displacement x
Mechanics 2 : Revision Notes 1. Kinematics and variable acceleration Displacement (x) Velocity (v) Acceleration (a) x = f(t) differentiate v = dx differentiate a = dv = d2 x dt dt dt 2 Acceleration Velocity
More informationSOLID MECHANICS BALANCING TUTORIAL BALANCING OF ROTATING BODIES
SOLID MECHANICS BALANCING TUTORIAL BALANCING OF ROTATING BODIES This work covers elements of the syllabus for the Edexcel module 21722P HNC/D Mechanical Principles OUTCOME 4. On completion of this tutorial
More informationRotational Motion: Moment of Inertia
Experiment 8 Rotational Motion: Moment of Inertia 8.1 Objectives Familiarize yourself with the concept of moment of inertia, I, which plays the same role in the description of the rotation of a rigid body
More informationState Newton's second law of motion for a particle, defining carefully each term used.
5 Question 1. [Marks 20] An unmarked police car P is, travelling at the legal speed limit, v P, on a straight section of highway. At time t = 0, the police car is overtaken by a car C, which is speeding
More informationPhysics: Principles and Applications, 6e Giancoli Chapter 4 Dynamics: Newton's Laws of Motion
Physics: Principles and Applications, 6e Giancoli Chapter 4 Dynamics: Newton's Laws of Motion Conceptual Questions 1) Which of Newton's laws best explains why motorists should buckleup? A) the first law
More informationChapter 18 Static Equilibrium
Chapter 8 Static Equilibrium 8. Introduction Static Equilibrium... 8. Lever Law... Example 8. Lever Law... 4 8.3 Generalized Lever Law... 5 8.4 Worked Examples... 7 Example 8. Suspended Rod... 7 Example
More informationE X P E R I M E N T 8
E X P E R I M E N T 8 Torque, Equilibrium & Center of Gravity Produced by the Physics Staff at Collin College Copyright Collin College Physics Department. All Rights Reserved. University Physics, Exp 8:
More informationConceptual Questions: Forces and Newton s Laws
Conceptual Questions: Forces and Newton s Laws 1. An object can have motion only if a net force acts on it. his statement is a. true b. false 2. And the reason for this (refer to previous question) is
More informationSo if ω 0 increases 3fold, the stopping angle increases 3 2 = 9fold.
Name: MULTIPLE CHOICE: Questions 111 are 5 points each. 1. A safety device brings the blade of a power mower from an angular speed of ω 1 to rest in 1.00 revolution. At the same constant angular acceleration,
More informationName Class Date. true
Exercises 131 The Falling Apple (page 233) 1 Describe the legend of Newton s discovery that gravity extends throughout the universe According to legend, Newton saw an apple fall from a tree and realized
More informationUniversal Law of Gravitation
Universal Law of Gravitation Law: Every body exerts a force of attraction on every other body. This force called, gravity, is relatively weak and decreases rapidly with the distance separating the bodies
More informationReview Chapters 2, 3, 4, 5
Review Chapters 2, 3, 4, 5 4) The gain in speed each second for a freelyfalling object is about A) 0. B) 5 m/s. C) 10 m/s. D) 20 m/s. E) depends on the initial speed 9) Whirl a rock at the end of a string
More informationVELOCITY, ACCELERATION, FORCE
VELOCITY, ACCELERATION, FORCE velocity Velocity v is a vector, with units of meters per second ( m s ). Velocity indicates the rate of change of the object s position ( r ); i.e., velocity tells you how
More informationCompound Machine: Two or more simple machines working together to make work easier. Examples: Wheelbarrow, Can Opener, Bicycle
Name SOL 4.2 Simple and Compound Machines NOTE  Simple machines are NOT included in the 5 th REVISED Science Standards Simple Machine: A machine with few or no moving parts. Simple machines make work
More informationPractice Test SHM with Answers
Practice Test SHM with Answers MPC 1) If we double the frequency of a system undergoing simple harmonic motion, which of the following statements about that system are true? (There could be more than one
More informationANALYTICAL METHODS FOR ENGINEERS
UNIT 1: Unit code: QCF Level: 4 Credit value: 15 ANALYTICAL METHODS FOR ENGINEERS A/601/1401 OUTCOME  TRIGONOMETRIC METHODS TUTORIAL 1 SINUSOIDAL FUNCTION Be able to analyse and model engineering situations
More information11. Describing Angular or Circular Motion
11. Describing Angular or Circular Motion Introduction Examples of angular motion occur frequently. Examples include the rotation of a bicycle tire, a merrygoround, a toy top, a food processor, a laboratory
More informationPhysics 41 HW Set 1 Chapter 15
Physics 4 HW Set Chapter 5 Serway 8 th OC:, 4, 7 CQ: 4, 8 P: 4, 5, 8, 8, 0, 9,, 4, 9, 4, 5, 5 Discussion Problems:, 57, 59, 67, 74 OC CQ P: 4, 5, 8, 8, 0, 9,, 4, 9, 4, 5, 5 Discussion Problems:, 57, 59,
More informationSimple Machines. Figure 2: Basic design for a mousetrap vehicle
Mousetrap Vehicles Figure 1: This sample mousetrappowered vehicle has a large drive wheel and a small axle. The vehicle will move slowly and travel a long distance for each turn of the wheel. 1 People
More informationAP Physics: Rotational Dynamics 2
Name: Assignment Due Date: March 30, 2012 AP Physics: Rotational Dynamics 2 Problem A solid cylinder with mass M, radius R, and rotational inertia 1 2 MR2 rolls without slipping down the inclined plane
More information1.7. formulae and transposition. Introduction. Prerequisites. Learning Outcomes. Learning Style
formulae and transposition 1.7 Introduction formulae are used frequently in almost all aspects of engineering in order to relate a physical quantity to one or more others. Many wellknown physical laws
More informationChapter 7: Momentum and Impulse
Chapter 7: Momentum and Impulse 1. When a baseball bat hits the ball, the impulse delivered to the ball is increased by A. follow through on the swing. B. rapidly stopping the bat after impact. C. letting
More informationFulcrum Effort or Applied Force. Fulcrum Load or Resistance. Effort or Applied Force. Load or Resistance. Other First Class Lever Examples.
First Class Lever Second Class Lever Load or Resistance Fulcrum Effort or Applied Force Fulcrum Load or Resistance Effort or Applied Force Other First Class Lever Examples Action Spring Force Load Applied
More informationMechanical Principles
Unit 4: Mechanical Principles Unit code: F/601/1450 QCF level: 5 Credit value: 15 OUTCOME 4 POWER TRANSMISSION TUTORIAL 2 BALANCING 4. Dynamics of rotating systems Single and multilink mechanisms: slider
More informationEVALUAT ING ACADEMIC READINESS FOR APPRENTICESHIP TRAINING Revised for ACCESS TO APPRENTICESHIP
EVALUAT ING ACADEMIC READINESS FOR APPRENTICESHIP TRAINING for ACCESS TO APPRENTICESHIP SCIENCE SKILLS SIMPLE MACHINES & MECHANICAL ADVANTAGE AN ACADEMIC SKILLS MANUAL for The Construction Trades: Mechanical
More informationIII. Applications of Force and Motion Concepts. Concept Review. Conflicting Contentions. 1. Airplane Drop 2. Moving Ball Toss 3. Galileo s Argument
III. Applications of Force and Motion Concepts Concept Review Conflicting Contentions 1. Airplane Drop 2. Moving Ball Toss 3. Galileo s Argument Qualitative Reasoning 1. Dropping Balls 2. Spinning Bug
More informationSample Questions for the AP Physics 1 Exam
Sample Questions for the AP Physics 1 Exam Sample Questions for the AP Physics 1 Exam Multiplechoice Questions Note: To simplify calculations, you may use g 5 10 m/s 2 in all problems. Directions: Each
More informationReview Assessment: Lec 02 Quiz
COURSES > PHYSICS GUEST SITE > CONTROL PANEL > 1ST SEM. QUIZZES > REVIEW ASSESSMENT: LEC 02 QUIZ Review Assessment: Lec 02 Quiz Name: Status : Score: Instructions: Lec 02 Quiz Completed 20 out of 100 points
More informationTHE SECRET OF FREE ENERGY FROM THE PENDULUM
THE SECRET OF FREE ENERGY FROM THE PENDULUM Jovan Marjanovic M.Sc. in Electrical Engineering email: jmarjanovic@hotmail.com Veljko Milkovic Research & Development Center VEMIRC May 05, 2011, Novi Sad,
More informationAccelerometers: Theory and Operation
123776C Accelerometers: Theory and Operation The Vertical Accelerometer Accelerometers measure accelerations by measuring forces. The vertical accelerometer in this kit consists of a lead sinker hung
More information